University of Texas Arlington

Henry Zweifel Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Zweifel, Henry.
Title: Henry Zweifel Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1908-1962
Bulk Dates: 1921-1948
Abstract: A native of Granbury, Hood County, Texas, Henry Zweifel (1883-1970) studied law at night while serving as postmaster of his home town, and was appointed U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Texas in Fort Worth in 1921. He resigned this position in 1927 to resume a private law practice in Fort Worth. Zweifel was simultaneously involved in farming in Hood County, oil and gas exploration in Texas and New Mexico, and active in Republican politics. The Henry Zweifel Papers represent personal and business correspondence primarily from the 1920s and 1930s, relating to all of these endeavors. Subjects of interest, particularly from his tenure as U.S. Attorney, include Ku Klux Klan activities, requests for political appointments, Republican political matters, and 1922 J. Frank Norris grand jury testimony conducted by Zweifel himself. The records of the Granbury Swimming Pool Club, 1957-1962, are also included in the collection.
Identification: Unprocessed mss. 2011-2 and 2011-32
Extent: 5 boxes (4.2 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Henry Zweifel, an attorney active in Republican politics, was born in Granbury, Hood County, Texas, on October 12, 1883, the son of Andrew and Sarah Smith Zweifel. He dropped out of school before the 10th grade and drifted around the United States working odd jobs. On his father’s advice, Zweifel returned to Granbury in 1906 to apply for the local postmaster’s position in the new Theodore Roosevelt administration, a job he retained for six years. Zweifel studied law at night while working as postmaster and was admitted to the bar in 1915. From 1921 to 1927, Zweifel served as U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Texas in Fort Worth where he confronted issues surrounding Prohibition, the Ku Klux Klan and mail fraud. He resigned this appointment to form the private law firm of Zweifel and Tuohy. In the 1930s, Zweifel represented A. P. Barrett, a Fort Worth commercial aviation pioneer, who started the company that would become American Airlines. In the 1930s, Zweifel accompanied Barrett to Washington D.C. where he succeeded in persuading Congress to pass a bill authorizing an air mail subsidy. For his efforts, American Airlines appointed Zweifel admiral of the flagship fleet.

At a time when Democratic politics prevailed in Texas, Zweifel was active in the Republican Party. On October 30, 1936, he completed a 20 year tenure as the district Republican executive committeeman for Tarrant County. Zweifel was named a national Republican committeeman in 1950 and championed the nomination of Ohio U.S. Senator Robert Taft for President. Dwight D. Eisenhower, not Taft, received the nod at the Republican National Convention. Following this loss, Zweifel resigned as national committeeman, and on July 27, 1952 ended his political career with his resignation as chair of GOP Precinct 95, a position he held for 25 years.

In addition to his law practice, Zweifel was active in farming in Hood County, and oil exploration and production in Texas and New Mexico. For three years, he was president of Cosden Petroleum Company based in Fort Worth. At the time of his death, Zweifel was chairman of the board and chief executive officer of First National Bank, Granbury. He was also a member of the Granbury Masonic Lodge, First Baptist Church, and the Fort Worth Club, each for more than 50 years.

Henry Zweifel married Johnnye Townsend in Eastland, Texas, on April 21, 1911. The couple had two daughters, Norma and Doris. Following his wife’s death in 1950, Zweifel returned to his hometown of Granbury. He died in Stephenville, Texas, on August 31, 1970, and was buried alongside his wife in the Granbury Cemetery.


Scope and Contents

Correspondence, business and financial records, and printed materials. The Henry Zweifel Papers represent personal and business correspondence primarily from the 1920s and 1930s, relating to his tenure as U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Texas in Fort Worth, his private legal practice, his farming endeavors, oil and gas exploration. and Republican Party activities. Subjects of interest, particularly from his tenure as U.S. Attorney, include Ku Klux Klan activities, requests for political appointments, and 1922 J. Frank Norris grand jury testimony conducted by Zweifel himself. The records of the Granbury Swimming Pool Club, 1957-1962, are also included in the collection.


Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.


Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Zweifel, Henry--1883-1970--Archives
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

Administrative Information

Provenance

Purchased from Georgann Muckleroy, Cottage Classics,2010 .

Citation

Henry Zweifel Papers, Unprocessed mss. 2011-2 and 2011-32, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.

Acquisition

Purchase, 2010.

Accessioned as numbers 2011-2 and 2011-32.