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Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Diary Transcription

University of Texas Arlington

Thomas B. Robinson Diary:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Robinson, Thomas B.
Title: Thomas B. Robinson Diary
Inclusive Dates: 1865-1866
Abstract: Thomas B. Robinson served with Company M of the Tenth Illinois Cavalry. In this diary, Robinson related his experiences and impressions of people, towns, and countryside as his brigade marched from Shreveport, Louisiana, to San Antonio, Texas, where he was mustered out after the Civil War. His travels home to Kingston, Illinois, in DeKalb County and activities in that area and in Kane County occupy the last third of the diary.
Identification: GA47
Extent: 1 volume
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Thomas B. Robinson served with Company M, Tenth (Reorganized) Illinois Cavalry Regiment of volunteers during the Civil War. The reorganized regiment was composed of recruits and veterans of the Tenth and Fifteenth Illinois Cavalry Regiments. Whether Robinson served with the Tenth or Fifteenth Regiment previous to the reorganization or was a new recruit is not known. He was mustered out with the rank of corporal, November 22, 1865, at San Antonio, Texas. He returned home to Kingston, Illinois, in DeKalb County in early 1866. He traveled frequently to visit friends and relatives in nearby Genoa, Illinois, and also Aurora in Kane County. Little is known of Robinson's personal life, although his diary entries suggest he was a farmer, single, and probably in his twenties.

The Tenth Cavalry Regiment was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois, in September 1861, and was mustered into the service of the United States, November 25, 1861, under the command of Colonel James A. Barrett. On January 27, 1865, at Little Rock, Arkansas, the veterans and recruits of the Tenth Regiment were consolidated into nine companies and those of the Fifteenth Regiment into three companies. All were reorganized into the Tenth Illinois Veteran Volunteer Cavalry under Colonel James Stewart. On March 16, 1865, the regiment was ordered to New Orleans, Louisiana. Upon receipt of the news of the assassination of President Lincoln, April 15, the regiment was ordered into the city as a police force with complete control. "Its prompt and energetic action doubtless prevented a scene of confusion and bloodshed…." On June 6 the regiment was ordered by boat up the Red River to Shreveport, Louisiana, where Robinson's diary begins. After leaving Shreveport, June 17, the regiment marched through Texas arriving at San Antonio, August 1.

From San Antonio several expeditions were made into the surrounding country pursuing Indians. The regiment was mustered out of service, November 22, 1865, and sent north via Galveston and New Orleans. They reached Camp Butler, January 1, 1866, where they received their final pay and discharge. A contemporary Adjutant General's report noted in its history of the Tenth Cavalry Regiment: "It was disbanded, thus ending the career of a Regiment, that [despite] not being placed in the theatre of war where brilliant actions are shown, it at all times performed faithfully and well whatever duty was given it to do."

Sources


  • Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Volume VIII. Containing Reports for the Years 1861-66. Revised by Brigadier General J. N. Reece, Adjutant General. Springfield, Ill.: Journal Company, Printers and Binders, 1901.
  • Dyer, Frederick H.A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Vol. 2. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1979

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Scope and Contents

Robinson's sixty-four page diary begins July 8, 1865, and ends April 10, 1866. His regiment left New Orleans, Louisiana, June 12, 1865, and traveled up the Red River to Shreveport, Louisiana, arriving June 17, 1865. From July 8 Robinson documents the command's march through Texas, his daily activities, and other military units encountered between Shreveport and San Antonio.

Robinson describes the countryside they passed through identifying cities, towns, counties, and rivers. He comments on civilian acceptance of Yankee troops in Austin and San Antonio. At Austin they joined other units in dress parade through the streets led by a brass band. The regiment was mustered out at San Antonio, November 22, 1865. The journey back to Camp Butler, Illinois, is described as being quite arduous due to transportation difficulties. Traveling by foot, horse, boat, and rail it took them forty-one days to get from San Antonio to Camp Butler.

In the last twenty pages of the diary Robinson notes social activities with family and friends in DeKalb and Kane Counties in Illinois. On January 10, 1866, he seemed relieved to be "home at last." However, only nine days later he states, "wish I had stayed a Soldiering." Robinson writes about chopping wood, going hunting, church activities, weddings, and social dinners, but nothing is revealed about his appearance, education, or future plans. The last entry is April 10, 1866. It briefly states that he helped bury a smallpox victim. The portion of the diary following the text is blank pages interspersed with miscellaneous notes, a love poem, and addresses and names of a few family members and friends.

Robinson's diary is useful to researchers for its descriptions of the daily life of a U.S. cavalry soldier after the Civil War, towns and the countryside in Texas from Greenwood to San Antonio, the hardships of travel, and social life in Illinois in 1866.

Transcription of the diary was verbatim by page. This usually followed a chronological pattern. Spelling corrections, comments, and questions supplied by the transcriber are enclosed in brackets. Place names were researched and if found, the correct spelling appears in brackets. Except for the addition of some periods, punctuation and capitalization were not corrected, to maintain the writer's style.

The diary, written in pencil with some entries in ink, measures 15 cm. high by 10 cm. wide. There are 174 pages, however, only sixty-four pages contain diary text. It is bound in tan leather and tightly sewn. It does not lie flat and therefore cannot be photocopied. The spine is fragile. In the interest of preservation, researchers should use the transcription.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Robinson, Thomas B.--Diaries.
Organizations
United States. Army--Military life--Sources.
United States. Army. Illinois Cavalry, 10th. Company M.
Places
Texas--Description and travel.
Illinois--Social life and customs.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
Formats
Diaries--Texas.
Diaries--Illinois--Kane County.
Diaries--Illinois--De Kalb County.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

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Administrative Information

Citation

Thomas B. Robinson Diary, GA47, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.

Acquisition

Gift, 1974.

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Diary Transcription

Front lining pages identify the author:


  • Thomas B. Robinson
  • Company M 10th Illinois Cavalry
  • San Antonio, Texas
  • Nov. 14, 1865

Page Diary Entry
[1] Alphabet and numbers.
[2-5] Blank.
[6] Left New Orleans morny [morning] of June 12, 1865 by boat and arrived Shreveport, La. June 17, 1865.
[7] July 8th 1865. Leaving Shreveport, La. we commenced our march for Texas this morning at 4 o'clock. 1st La Cav'y in advance of the 10th Ill. Cav'y, marched through Greenwood & camped for the night 2 miles out of town, making distance of 14 miles. July 9th. Broke camp 3 a.m marched 22 miles to Marshall, Texas where we camped on the hill to right of town. teams were sent out & got forage for the command. [In margin:] Marshall county seat of Harrison county.
[8] July 10th 1865. Delayed marching till 4 pm. teams were sent out in the country to procure forage to feed before starting & two feeds to be carried on each horse. When all ready the order of march given at 4 p.m. when about two miles on the road, a heavy rain set in, and continued till most night. was sometime after dark when we crossed Sabine river, were till after midnight before going into camp caused by rear of command taking a wrong road, went [In margin:] Marched 18 miles today.
[9] several miles out of the way. July 11th. Order of march today was 8 a.m. made a short halt at noon, then continued our march till 8 p.m. camped on a small creek for the night where there was a large pile of forage which had been gathered from the country by the Quarter Master with the 18th New York Cavalry four days in advance of the rest of com [command]. [In margin:] marched 19 miles. July 12th. Draw 3 days rations today marched at 4 p.m. Passed throug[h]
[10] Henderson after night. camped 5 miles beyond 11 p.m. [In margin:] H-n Co. seat of Rusk Co. The 13th we marched throug[h] Salen [New Salem?] a small town. July 14th. Marched at 4:30 a.m. about 10 a.m we passed through the town of Rusk, halted at noon to rest and get dinner. at four p.m. we resumed our march, till in the evening camped at Canans bridge on Netchi [Neches] river, here was another file of com. [command]. [In margin:] Rusk Co. seat of Cherokee Co.; Distance of 25 miles. July 15th. Today we marched to Palestine. Here is quite a civilized place, some extensive [In margin:] Palestine Co. S- [seat] of Anderson Co.
[11] farms around about the place. July 16th. 5 a.m. the order of march was given, in a half hour all was on the move, crossed Trinity river at Magnolia - a small dilapidated town - command halted till train had crossed the river, then continued our march until 1 a.m. over a sandy, barren, country. July 17th. Broke camp at 4 a.m. camped about 4 p.m. the day was very warm, suffered sever[e]ly from heat. [In margin:] marched 28 miles.
[12], July 18th 1865. Day was so very warm only marched 6 miles passing through Centerville [Centreville], a very pretty little town. camped for the night. [In margin:] Centerville co. seat of Leon co. July 19th. Marched at 5 a.m. at noon we halted for dinner & to rest till 4 p.m. were ordered forward marched till evening - camped for night. [In margin:] distance 22 miles. July 20th. Marched from Venona [Leona?] creek at 4 a.m. crossed the
[13] same several miles above, camped in the afternoon on Minerel [Mineral?] creek-a very hilly country-sandy soil. [In margin:] mar. [march] 19 miles. July 21st. Broke camp at 4 a.m. and marched to Little Brazos river, country was level and very dry. Here we remain over one day. [In margin:] marched 20 miles. July 22nd. While camped here Gen. West with the 1st Brigade came up and camped near the second Brigade 10th & 1st cav'y.
[14] We were glad to see them for they had brought a large mail with them for the 10th Ill. & 1st La. July 23rd. The second brigade marched at 8 a.m. & crossed Big Brazos at Port Sulivan [Sullivan] another small town near it & in a pleasant ground is a College-called Port Sulivan [Sullivan] institute-a very handsome country surrounds the place-camped for night near Little river. [In margin:] marched 16 miles today.
[15], July 24th. Broke camp about 4 a.m. marched 18 miles over a very dry country, crossed Little river, and marched 6 miles to San Gabrial creek, where we camped for the night. July 25th. Were on the road this morning by 4:30, crossed San Gabrial creek several miles above our camp about 10 a.m. rode to first plantation where the brigade halted, Quarter M- issued 8 ears of corn for each horse, this we shelled, & took
[16] along on our horses, to feed at night, went into camp pretty early today. was no forage near horses were picketed out, so we kept corn till following morn. Camped on Brushy creek. [In margin:] 25 miles today. July 26th. Broke camp at 4 a.m. after two hours ride. we left thick timbered country, rest of days march was over rolling prairie, spotted here & there with droves of cattle & horses. Camped tonight on Jilleland [?] Creek 12 miles out from Austin city. [In margin:] completed distance of 18 miles.
[17] July 27th, 1865. Reveille was sounded at 4 a.m. after allowing some time to brush up, to look fine entering the city, the command moved out about 6:30 a.m. about 2 p.m. the comds [commands] entered the city, Brass Band at the head, at nearly every window & door was one or more flags (stars & stripes). as we passed along the street, were cheered on all sides, Brig[ade] marched across the Colorado river, camped on the bluff opposite city. [In margin:] Austin Texas July 27-65.
[18] July 28th, 1865. Command did not move today. a flag was raised in the city, raised part of day, or the Brigade would have been called out,-for the great occasion,-wrote a letter home to send by Capt Collins.-resigned- July 29th. Received orders to march for San Antonio at 4 a.m. but for some reason did not move till [sic] near 6 a.m. marched till [sic] 11-when we halted and took dinner. at
[19] 4 p.m. resumed our march, till [sic] after night, halted, and camped for the night on (rocks) San Pedro river. July 30th. Took up the line of march before day light. Passed thro' San Marco[s] city, a small town of four or five houses two or three stores. Halted in middle of afternoon near New Braunfels,-on Rio Guadaloupe [Guadalupe],-a pretty little town settled by Germans. Here was two companies of milittia [militia] all ready formed.
[20] all seemed pleased to see the yankee, was a party in the evening-all soldiers were invited who would choose to attend. Here we remained over one day. August 1st, 1865. Took up line of march at 3 a.m. 2nd Brigade got start of the 1st took the road in advance, marched till 3 p.m. halted and camped on a small creek 5 miles from San Antonio, a very warm day.
[21] August 2nd, 1865. Took time to fix up a little,-marched into San Antonio about ten a.m. a Band at head of each Brigade, marched through principal part of city, then out to San Pedro, Springs where we went into camp---Cavalry command was reviewed by Major Gen. Sherridan [sic.] on the 2nd of September 1865.----
[22] September 7th, 1865. Drew 4 months pay---($68.60) October 26th. Today Company "M" started out for 20 day scout-went up on San Blanco, river,-By way of New Braunfels-after being out 18 days were ordered back to-San Antonio-reg't had received mustering out orders--Turned over all government property--on the 22nd of November
[23] were mustered out--Service of U.S. by Lieut. Stickels, mustering officer at San Antonio, Texas. Nov. 24th. Started for the railroad at 10 a.m. Marched to Schiller [?] creek, 18 miles by 4 p.m. camped for night. Regiment marched in all order, many were troubled with soar [sic.] feet, and legs, some giving out [nearly?].
[24] November 25th 1865. Marched at 6:30 a.m. to Gaudaloupe [Guadalupe] river (13m) by 10:30 a.m. Camped at night on Rio Gaudaloupe [Guadalupe]. Today the regt. was about ten miles long-men scattered so some starting before Daylight, others not starting til after daylight. at dark I went to a plantation & purchased a pony-paying $26 for it.
[25] November 26th [top 2 inches of page is torn off]. mounted pony and started out at 6 a.m. marched 3 miles, passed thro Seguin, a small town, then marched to, Natches Branch creek, where we camped for night. marched about 13 m.
[26] [top 2 inches of page is torn off] Town (most blowed away) called Belmont. November 28th. Started on the road before daylight, passed thro' Gonzallas [Gonzales] county seat of county of same name. our march was part of day in timber, 12 miles over a rolling prairie. camped on a small creek marched 22 miles in all.
[27] November 29th. Marched at 5 a.m. over prairie all day, made 26 miles to a small town called Prairie Point, on Navadad [Navidad] river. November 30th. Marched this morning at 4 o clock, our road was very sandy through timber till within 4 miles of Columbus-on Colorado river-here the regiment halted part of day then marched to Alleyton, lay over till noon (sold pony for 16 mexico dollars) marched 22 miles.
[28] December 1st. Got board the car and started for Harrisburg about 8:30, as fast as steam would carry us. Crossed Brazos at Richmond-where the track fell very sudden some 50 feet to the river Bridge-train stopped at Harrisburg little after 4 p.m. unloaded and went into a camp near the railroad to wait a train to take us to Galveston (could not get a boat on the Bayou to take us)
[29] December 2nd 1865. At 1 p.m. Reg't loaded on cars and left Harrisburg for Galveston at 2 p.m. Arrived at later place sometime after dark-was dark when train crossed bridge over the Bay-camped in town. Sun. December 5th 1865. Still camped in town no boat has yet arrived to take reg't to Orleans. at evening I took walk out on the principle
[30] streets to Sea beach-returned to saloon where took a dish of Oysters, took up quarters for night in large hall in a 3 story building fearing it would storm. Monday December 4 1865. Cloudy all day little rain now and then all day, no boat has come yet to take us to Orleans-several have arrived but all private Boats, 2, M, will not give transportation inch [?]
[31], Tuesday Dec. 5th/65. No boat yet-run round town to pass away time as well as possible-quite cold. Wednesday Dec. 6th/65. Today was quite cold & clear, met with Peter Douglas today still no boat has come, we hope to get off on the Texas boat [?] Sunday December 10th. reg't went on board Str. [Steamer] Texas today & at 12 [p]m-
[32] left the wharf bound for New Orleans-Between decks were filled with cattle, regiment took qrs [quarters] on upper deck. Got about 12 miles out when the crank pin of the wheels broke. then we were obliged to anchor, as couldn't run, (remained outside for 76 hours) the second morning a storm came up & continued till after we were towed in
[33] to shore about 3 p.m. the 12th a small Gunboat came out to tow us in but broke the hawser [?] three times-and broke her bulwark of her stern-caused us to loose one Anchor (by cutting cable)-before could get the other anchor to hold, the boat drifted nearly one mile, wind blowing heavy from land-finally with a 1500 pound anchor and 60 fathoms of cable.
[34] we found ourselves fast [sic]-the stern of our boat within about 20 yards of a sail vessel & at anchor, night was very cold-sea rough-but we managed to weather it through, Late the morning of the 13th the same boat came out again and after making two efforts-breaking one Hawser-started for land with us. then the Steamer St. Mary met us part way
[35] in-was come out to get us case the small boat couldn't tow us in-when within 5 miles of shore the hawser broke again leaving us adrift, but mate soon dropped Anchor, and held us fast till the St. Mary hitched to us and towed us in without further trouble-anchored 1/4 mile from shore and a small Bayou steamer came and
[36] took reg't ashore--Found Col. Stuart in town when got back, found a place to sleep on the 3rd floor of a brick building-night was very cold. Thursday Dec. 14th. in Galveston waiting again for a boat to take us into Orleans. Friday Dec 15th. went on board Steam propelor [sic.] Cadona[?]. Col. Stuart in charge of regiment.
[37] Took on board some 30 horses of Gen. Mirrite [?] and Staff- Gen & staff going on Propellor [sic.] Tonawanda-Our boat left wharf at 5 p.m. Sat. Dec 16th. a cloudy and unpleasant day little rain during day at intervals after night it st [?] in and rained quite hard for some time wilting most of our blankits [sic.]--those who were quartered on deck (wind on and off, sun by sail and steam, together [?])
[38], Sunday Dec 17th 1865. Cleared off long in forenoon [?] about 4 p.m. entered in mouth of Miss. river-Run only till 12 o'clock at night when on account of a heavy fogg [sic.] were obliged to tie up until morning. Monday Dec. 18th. Passed Orleans little afternoon-landed at Greenville, passed night on the levy. Rec'd 2 letters. Tues Dec. 19th. passed day on levy waiting trans[portation].
[39] Wed. Dec 20th. Still waiting a boat-one to come for us at 6 p.m. but failed to appear so we were forced to spend another night on the levy. rained all night couldn't lie down-very cold- Thursday Dec 21st 1865. Got on board Stmr [Steamer] Missouri at 8 a.m. left landing bound for Cairo [Illinois]-after running 6 days-5 nights, we landed at Cairo the 27th at 8 p.m.
[40] was shoved ashore in mud ankle deep-furnished quarters at soldiers rest Barracks-rained little-Afternoon of 28th. Regiment left Cairo for Springfield on a cattle train-cars-some 15 of Co., "M" were left behind-(cars being too full)-with an order for transportation on next train,-Friday morn, at 2:30 a.m. we left Cairo on the Express.-passed the regiment at Jonesborough.
[41] we continued on our way to Springfield where we arrived at 9:30 p.m.-Put up at St. Charles Hotel to await the Regiment & final payment,--Reg't came to Camp Butler [?] about 4 a.m. the 30th---- Received pay ($323.00) on the 6th day of January --and on the 7th departed from Springfield for Chicago-arrived at C[hicago]- 6 a.m., day following.
[42] January 10th 1866. "Home at last"---Arrived at Kingston Ill, 3:25 p.m. where I met all well. January 17th. leave [?] from Chicago to Aurora. Aurora January 27th 1866. Went home with Will H---- Spent the evening at his house in company with Misses Eastman & Howell. January 28th 1866. Spent day at the above place-went to church
[43] in morning & evening--Stone Church---Attended a surprise party at Mr. Gilletts-the evening of January 30th 1866-I had a very pleasant time-Mr. Gillett was presented with two complete volumes by the Sabbath School. Friday 2nd [February]. Came off prairie today went home with Myron Tarble-stayed all night with him-in the evening went to a Euchre [?] party.
[44] January 19th/66 [date out of sequence]. Spent the day in Aurora came out to Uncle Peter's had a Sleigh ride with M.. and me Cold wea[ther] this month. A Life in Dixie is far preferable don't seem like home almost sorry I came fine prospect of a Wedding up the road, my Tish will soon be --[?] more as of old-wish I had stayed a Soldiering -- [two words, not readable.]
[45] January 20th 1866. Spent evening at Mr. Fikes. Everything in a hubbub getting ready for a wedding which is coming of tomorrow (Sunday) at 1 o' clock p.m. When Onis Manchester & Miss L. Fikes will be united in the ties of matrimony. [later note] No they were united by buttoning. Jan 27th 1866. Miss Nellie attended the Wedding. had a gay old time as people always do on such solumn occasions. the wedding Party
[46] gone off for a Sleighride Ben spent the evening at Uncle Peter's. the only thoughts he expressed were of Iowa [?] Nell as troublesome as ever Called at Mr. Potter's for a change didn't get a bit took a sleighride coming home. [At end of page:] Second month, February First.
[47] Saturday 3rd. Spent day in town stopped with Tarble tonight-went to party in evening-very cold Retired a[t] 12-night. Sunday 4th. called on Willis Gardner-took dinner with him-went out in country spent the evening at Peters Stolp [?] came to town and retired at 12 a.m. - At Aurora House-
[48] Monday February 5 1866. Left Aurora (on cars) at 10:20 a.m. rode to Junct. where I took dinner & waited for Dixon accom-- 5:40 p.m. met with Allen Mowry at Junction- arrived at Sycamore in the evening- retired for night a[t] Paines Hotel. Tuesday Feb 6 1866. Called at Mrs. Wilders to see Zach Wilder, the later was not at home. In afternoon I rode to Kingston-by way of Genoa-
[49] with mail carrier- Found the Dr's family well but himself complained little of being sick Wednesday Feb 7th 1866. Helped Herman draw wood from the woods-- Thursday Feb 8th 1866. Went once or twice to woods-in afternoon drove to Genoa with Sarah-came back before dark. In evening rode out with Dr. to visit some young people who had their heads bruised [upside down at top of page: in the evening went to a party at Mr. Shermans]
[50] February. by running horses-going to church-one sleigh load was thrown in & thro [through] a four board fence-another was turned over in center of road. Three ladies were hurt quite bad only one man hurt, he was driving the team thrown into fence- Friday February 9th. went to Sycamore & got my valice came back & went to spelling school in evening-
[51] retired at 8 p.m. Saturday 10th 1866. took Herm of[f] to a wolf hunt returned & wrote a letter to Julia-tried to snow-had company part of the evening-Mrs. Fuller & Miss Phillips. Sunday 11th 1866. bout noon Mr. Wiles & family (himself & wife) came in-next came Mr. Goodales family-then came Mr. Smith & family-all took dinner with us-then disappeared-the first came was the last to go away--with the crowd came John Nichols.
[52] February 12th 1866. was a pleasant day rode to Genoa with Dr. took dinner with Luke Nichols, returned and cut some wood-sleighing fast leaving-snowed some during night. Feb 13th 1866. Helped draw wood all day-attended a Temperance Lecture in the evening-snowed during night.
[53] Wednesday Feb 14th 1866. wind blows from west very cold-wind increases snow blows making a very blustering day-cut little wood in wood shed-beside that I did not get outdoors all day-still colder as night draw[s] to a close awful cold night. Thursday Feb 15th 1866. wind went down during later part of night-snow is all in drifts on both sides of road Mr Willys came in in the Evening.
[54] Friday Feb 16 1866. today was pretty cold remained in doors all day-but few teams on the road-one man a lady came "long in cutter-tipped over near here-broke one fills [?] stopped in to warm fixed cutter and went on-going to Burlington- Saturday February 17/66. folks all went visiting I stayed at home, not so cold today thawed most all day.
[55] Sunday Feb 18/66. Went up to Geo. Goodale visiting all hands came back by sundown Mr. Fuller & wife spent evening at our house. Monday February 19/66. Helped Herm draw wood went to writing school in the evening.returned home at Ten o clock in evening. Tuesday 20th/66. worked all day hauling wood, snowed part of p.m. Geo. Goodale & family here part of day.
[56] Wednesday Feb 21/66. drawing wood today south wind thawed all day water running every where didn't freeze during night. Thursday Feb 22/66. Put 5 load[s] of hay in barn tried to rain a little in morning but failed to do much at all. in the evening it rained some wrote letters in evening. Friday Feb 23/66. rainy & snowy-freezing all day, remained at home all day spent the
[57] evening at Mr. Fullers played checkers for pass time. Saturday 24/66. lay about house all day pretty cold ground covered with ice Mrs. Fuller came in & spent part of evening. Sunday 25/66. went up to Hall & heard a sermon from an Second Advent- in the evening at same place a congregationalist minister preached came home retired at 10 p.m.
[58] Monday Feb., 26/66. spent the day at home in the evening went to a party at Mr. Bill Aurners [?] had a very pleasant time broke about 1 a.m. Tuesday Feb. 27/66. warm roads muddy went up to Genoa [?] in afternoon spent the evening at home in es [?] with Mrs. Filler [sic], missess Snell & Phillips & Mr. Eugene Fuller-Mr. Ame Willis part of evening. Wed, 28/66 spent part of day at Mr. Fullers.
[59] March 1st 1866. Went to DeKalb with H[][Herman?] took a load of goods for Mrs. O'Conner remain in town 3 hours then came home 14 miles between the hours of 5 & 9 p.m. roads were so bad could-not travel faster than walk. was a very pleasant day. Friday Mar 2d/66. tried to rain in morning once or twice cleared away before night spent even at Mr. Fullers.
[60] Saturday March 3d/66. Froze little last night but is all thawing this morning, quite cold at night-retired at 9:30 p.m. Sunday March 4th/66. a very pleasant morning. Monday March 5th. arose in morning at 5:30 started for Sycamore with Hors[e] & Buggy to take Herman on route [?] for Aurora Let H- have ($5.00) note.
[61] Friday March 16/66. remained at home all day. Saturday March 17/66. quite cold all day wrote a letter sent it out in mail received a letter from Syracuse N. Y. at home in the evening. Sunday Mar 18/66. George Goodale & wife came down visiting in forenoon remained till 2:30 when they returned home, remained at home.
[62] Wed. Mar 21st 1866. at home all day in evening walked up to Good Templars [?] hall remained till meeting opened then returned home. Thursday Mar 22nd/66. went to Genoa in p.m. came home in rain. Friday Mar 23rd/66. remained at home all day-a pleasant day-in evening went down to Mr. Coopers. Saturday March 24/66. snowed most all day and pretty cold.
[63] rode to Genoa in afternoon got mail for Kingston off-cleared away cold at night. Sunday remained at home all day spent evening at Mrs. Fullers- Monday Mar 26/66. Hauled wood all day with Herman.
[64] April 10th 1866. started from home 11 p.m. went one mile foot helped dig a grave to bury a corps[e]--died of smallpox.
[65]-[145] blank [evidence of two pages torn out in this span]
[146] misc. notes and figures about people and expenses [difficult to decipher].
[147]-[149] blank.
[150] November 16, 1865. Turned over to Capt. Dynan [?] all government property in my possession-retained a Colts Navy revolver (No. 53948) for Eight Dollars.
[151]-[155] blank.
[156] misc. short notes about women [difficult to decipher].
[157] blank.
[158] notes.
[159]-[163] blank.
[164] Love is something so divine Description can but make it less Tis what we know but can't define Tis what we feel but can't express. [after poem:] -., ., -, -, .., ., [morse code for: Nettie]
[165]-[173] blank.
[174] F. M. Robinson, Lynnville, Jasper Co., Iowa P. C. Robinson 82 east Fayette St. Syracuse, N.Y. 1. Myron F. Tarble 2. Wm. M. Howell 3. L. F. Town 4. J. F. McCrosky 4. E. Benton

Last two leaves torn out. Inside back cover:


  • T. B. Robinson
  • Co. M 10th Ill Cavy
  • San Antonio Texas
  • T. B. Robinson
  • Aurora, Kane County, Illinois
  • January 20th, 1866