Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Note to the Researcher

Description of Series

Series I. Correspondence Files, 1936-1994.

Series II. Military Personnel Records 1938-1990, bulk 1938-1944.

Series III. Publications, 1937-1993.

Series IV. Scrapbooks, approximately 1937-1945.

Series V. Maps, 1943-1945, undated

University of Texas Arlington

Max S. Lale Papers:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Lale, Max S.
Title: Max S. Lale Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1936-1994
Abstract: Max Sims Lale, artillery officer, journalist, publisher, author, and historian, was born August 31, 1916, in Shawnee, Oklahoma. He graduated from Shawnee High School in 1932. While attending the University of Oklahoma from 1934 to 1938 he was a member of the R.O.T.C. specializing in the tactics of artillery bombardment. He volunteered for military service in 1940 and, in 1944, achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel while attached to the 401st Field Artillery Group in Europe. After the war, he served in the military reserves with the 49th Armored Division Field Artillery, Texas National Guard. Lale was associated with several East Texas newspapers and was a partner in an insurance agency in Marshall, Texas. In 1961, he became manager of communications and public relations for Thiokol Corporation, the operating contractor for the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant in Marshall. He retired in 1975. After the 1982 death of his first wife, Georgiana Lale, he married Lloyd May "Cissy" Stewart in 1983. The records include correspondence, military personnel records, publications, memorabilia, and maps pertaining to Lale’s military and civilian careers.
Identification: AR383
Extent: 2.0 linear ft.
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Max Sims Lale, artillery officer, journalist, publisher, author, and historian, was born August 31, 1916, in Shawnee, Oklahoma. He graduated from Shawnee High School in 1932. While attending the University of Oklahoma from 1934 to 1938 he was a member of the R.O.T.C. specializing in the tactics of artillery bombardment. Lale graduated in 1938 with a degree in journalism. He received a reserve commission as a second lieutenant in 1938 and in 1940 volunteered for a one-year active tour of duty. Before the end of World War II, Max Lale would achieve the rank of Lt. Colonel with the 401st Field Artillery Group. Lale continued his association with the Texas National Guard as the commanding officer of the 647th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, 49th Armored Division.

In civilian life Lale was editor of the Sapulpa Democrat News, 1938-1940, in Sapulpa, Oklahoma; staff member on the Marshall News-Messenger, 1946-1954, in Marshall, Texas; publisher of the Greenville Banner, 1954-1958, in Greenville, Texas; was a partner in the Littlejohn and Son Insurance Agency, 1958-1961, in Marshall, Texas; and was Manager of Communications and Public Relations for Thiokol Corporation (operating contractor of Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant), 1961-1975, in Marshall, Texas.

Lale was active in civic and religious activities in Marshall and Greenville, such as the Marshall Optimist Club, Marshall Jaycees, Greenville Rotary Club, and St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Greenville, Texas. He was involved with the American Red Cross in Marshall, the Harrison County United Fund, the Marshall Chamber of Commerce, and the Marshall, Texas City Commission.

Lale was involved with a number of historical associations: he was past president of the Texas State Historical Association (1991-1992) and member of the Executive Council; member of the National Trust for Historic Preservation; member of the Oklahoma Historical Society; and Fellow, the East Texas Historical Association.

Lale also published books, articles, and reviews. His books include: As It Was in the Beginning, Marshall Cemetery, Marshall, Texas, and Basic Installation History, Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant. His articles appeared in the East Texas Historical Journal, Military History of Texas and the Southwest, and the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Several of his book reviews were published in the Daily Oklahoman, Southwestern Historical Quarterly, and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. He wrote many papers for historical societies, groups, and professional associations.

Sources:


  • "His War: 1944-1945" in The Compass Rose Vol. IX, No. 2, Fall 1995, pp. 1, 2, 8.
  • "My War: 1944-1945" in East Texas Historical Journal Vol. XXXII, No. 2, 1994, pp.3-19.
  • The Max S. Lale Papers, AR383, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library, Arlington, Texas.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, military personnel records, publications, memorabilia, and maps pertaining to Lale’s military and civilian careers. The Max S. Lale Papers are contained in four document boxes, one oversize box, and space in Map Annex drawer 103/3 totaling two linear ft. There are five series consisting of thirty-seven folders, one scrapbook in an oversize box, and eight maps.

Series I consists of letters that Max S. Lale wrote to his wife Georgiana before and after he was sent to the European continent. This series also includes poetry, journals, and memoirs. The letters give a first-hand account of what was occurring in the midst of front line battle during World War II. The letters are sequentially numbered and dated. They are legible and, for the most part, written in cursive. Lale's letters recount his journey from home, his voyage across the Atlantic Ocean on the Queen Elizabeth, and his arrival in France. They continue on with details of the front-line fighting, the Battle of the Bulge, and the final days of the war prior to the German surrender. The series also includes five poems written by Lale, plus memoirs and remembrances of his return to the European battlefields in 1992. There is a preface, written in 1993, to the European letters which Lale had transcribed and bound.

Series II consists of Lale's military personnel files, including orders, medical information, promotions, leave information, and other general documentation. The military orders describe Lale's assignments as well as other soldiers' names and assignments.

Series III consists of a variety of publications, including a recipe book, several military yearbooks, and a series of histories of the Longhorn Ammunition Plant in Marshall, Texas, written by Max S. Lale. The books are in excellent condition.

Series IV consists of one folder of memorabilia, plus a scrapbook of photographs, various newspaper clippings, and assorted battle ribbons which are fragile and fading. A corrosion of some kind is causing erosion of the fabric of these ribbons, possibly due to the metal backing of the ribbons. The scrapbook backing and interior pages are in poor condition and are deteriorating rapidly. The contents include numerous black and white photographs. There are original pages from newspapers and magazines detailing war information. The magazine pages include color pictures, drawings, and many varieties of images. Several letters are included in the album. They are not the same letters as those included in Series I.

Series V consists of seven military campaign maps of the Central European region, including Belgium and France, and one special edition, "Occupation Map of Germany". These maps are actual campaign maps used during World War II issued by Britain's War Office. One map is printed on the back of a German map of England. They are in fair condition except for the "Occupation Map of Germany".

The materials contained in this collection provide a first-person view of a soldier's life before going to Europe and, when there, his life in the midst of battle. Max S. Lale was a university graduate, journalist, artillery officer, insurance executive, public relations manager, and historian.

Lale's letters to his wife Georgiana are, for the most part, legible and understandable. They are written mostly by hand, although at least one was partially written on a typewriter. The paper quality changed the further he went across Europe. These missives discuss life at the battlefront. They recount stories of the enemy, military campaigns, homesickness, the war's destruction of France, fear, German civilians, concerns about the war, shortages of items necessary for daily survival, love messages expressed in literary nuances, plans for the future, the seeming eternity of war, and so forth. Lale's letters reveal information as to his personality, character, and desires.

For the Cold War and Soviet military historian, the publications in Series III contain several books that provide information on the Soviet military's organized army, navy, and air forces. They include photos, military commentaries, strength analyses, and other observations. The books are in good condition, and their color photography is excellent. If one has persistence, has an eye for World War II memoirs, and can read campaign maps, then this collection will provide insights into the events and leaders that orchestrated the conduct of this war, to its conclusion, and on into the Cold War and Post Cold War eras.

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Organization

The papers are organized into five series. Most of the series are arranged chronologically.
Series I. Correspondence Files, 1936-1945, 1992-1994. 0.41 linear ft. (1 document box, 8 folders)
Series II. Military Personnel Records, 1938-1990, bulk 1938-1944. 0.16 linear ft. (0.25 document box, 6 folders)
Series III. Publications, 1937-1993. 1.08 linear ft. (2 document boxes, 22 folders)
Series IV. Scrapbooks, approximately 1937-1945. 0.25 linear ft. (1oversize box, 1 folder)
Series V. Maps, 1943-1945, undated. 0.1 linear ft.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Lale, Max Sims--Archives.
Lale, Georgiana, d. 1982.
Lale, Cissy Stewart.
Organizations
United States. Army. Field Artillery Group, 401st.
United States. Army--Officers--Biography.
Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (U.S.)
United States. On-Site Inspection Agency.
Great Britain. War Office.
Subjects
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
World War, 1939-1945--Regimental histories--United States.
Places
Germany--Maps--1943-1945.
Belgium--Maps--1943-1945.
France--Maps--1943-1945.
Europe--Maps--1943-1945.
Formats
Letters.
Military unit histories--20th century.
Military orders--20th century.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

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Administrative Information

Citation

The Max S. Lale Papers, AR383, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.

Acquisition

Gift, 1994.

All of the materials included in the Max S. Lale Papers were in his possession until they were officially deeded to The University of Texas at Arlington. The Max S. Lale Papers were transferred to The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections Division, on January 6, 1994. The donation of the materials was negotiated by Marcelle Hull, Special Collections archivist; Mrs. Hull also accessioned the collection. The collection was acknowledged by Dr. Gerald D. Saxon, on February 2, 1994.

Accessioned as number 94-5.

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 Note to the Researcher 

The scrapbook in this collection is quite fragile and should be handled with care. Photocopying is not allowed due to its condition. The maps in the collection are in fair condition but they have been folded for an extended period of time. The paper fibers are brittle. Please examine the maps carefully. Photocopying cannot be allowed because of their condition.

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Container List

 

Series I. Correspondence Files, 1936-1994.
Extent 0.41 linear ft. (1 document box, 8 folders)

Arranged chronologically. Material includes domestic letters from 1936-1944; domestic (pre-European) letters from September 6, 1944, through September 21, 1944; European letters written from October 3, 1944, through November 16, 1945; poetry written by Max S. Lale; and journals and memoirs related to his later remembrances and reflections on battlefield experiences, including a return visit to Europe.
Box Folder
1 1 Correspondence-General, approximately 1936-1944.
Pre-war letters from Lale. Some are not dated.
2 Correspondence-Domestic letters 1-13, Sept. 6, 1944-Sept. 21, 1944.
The first group of letters from Lale to Georgiana prior to sailing for Europe. Letter 12 is actually numbered as 19; the dates on the letters in sequence verify that finding.
3 Correspondence-European letters 1-53, Oct. 3, 1944-Dec. 30, 1944.
Fifty-four letters. In numbering, the number 40 was used twice. These letters are from Lale to his wife Georgiana. They cover the period of his departure from New York on the Queen Elizabeth onward throughout his tour of duty in Europe until his return home.
4 Correspondence-European letters 54-110, Jan. 1, 1945-May 10, 1945.
Fifty-seven letters. Same content as folder 3.
5 Correspondence-European letters 111-155, May 12, 1945-Aug. 16, 1945.
Forty-six letters. In numbering, the number 136 was used twice. Same content as folders 3 and 4.
6 Correspondence-European letters 156-213, Aug. 18, 1945-Nov. 16, 1945.
Sixty letters. In numbering, the numbers 150 and 151 were used twice. Same content as folders 3-5.
7 Correspondence-Poetry, undated
Poems written by Max S. Lale; they are undated. Titles include: "Night Burial,""Medieval Chanson,""Thus Peeping Tom,""To Ann,""Wind at Moonrise,""Peach Tree Thru a Window Pane," and "Wind at Night."
8 Correspondence-Journals and Memoirs, 1992-1993.
Copies of Lale's memoirs of his return to the European battlefield in September of 1992; there is a copy of the preface of the battlefield letters written by Lale in 1993. Those letters were later transcribed and bound into a volume. These are photocopies, not the originals.

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Series II. Military Personnel Records 1938-1990, bulk 1938-1944.
Extent 0.16 linear ft. (0.25 document box, 6 folders)

Arranged chronologically. Material includes various military pay records, orders, training certificates, promotions, communications, reserve orders, leave documents, and medical documentation.
Box Folder
2 1 1930s Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.
2 1940-1944 Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.
3 1945-1946, 1948-1949 Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.
4 1950, 1953-1959 Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.
5 1960-1966 Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.
6 1973, 1985, 1990 Military Personnel Records, 1930s-1990.
Documentation of Lale's military assignments, pay, promotions, training certificates, communications from military authorities, leave and reserve military duty.

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Series III. Publications, 1937-1993.
Extent 1.08 linear ft. (2 document boxes, 22 folders)

Arranged by document type in chronological order. Material includes magazine articles, military unit histories, special armed services pamphlets, university yearbooks, recipe book, military yearbooks, and publications authored or edited by Max S. Lale for the U.S. Army Longhorn Ordnance Plant in Marshall, Texas.
Box Folder
2 7 Publications-Magazine Articles and Unit Histories of 401st Field Artillery, 1937, 1941, 1993
8 Publications-Pamphlets: A. A Pocket Reference Guide. This is an Army, Navy, and Marine Corps insignia supplement to the Reader's Digest, March 1943. Reproduced by permission from Newsweek magazine. B. Traveling: "What You Should Know Before You Go. Army Service Forces." Rev. Nov. 1, 1943. References information on transportation orders, passports, household goods, foreign exchange, equipment for officers ordered to overseas duty, immunizations, per diem, hotel reservations, dependents travel, etc.
9 Publications-University Yearbook (1937) and 1938 convocation program: A. Sooner 75: 1937. Volume IX. University of Oklahoma R.O.T.C., Lt. Colonel Reese M. Howell, University of Oklahoma. The 1937 summer camp at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma. B. Military Convocation Program, University of Oklahoma, Tuesday, May 3, 1938.
10 Publications-Recipes of the 401st, 1944. Favorite Receipes of the 401st Field Artillery Group. Compiled by the Ladies of the 401st Field Artillery Group, Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, 1944.
11 Publications-Unit Histories, post-W.W.II Era: A. Fire Mission: The History of the 261st Field Artillery Battalion. (Includes a fold-out map of England and Central Europe. Designed in cartoon style.) Eds. T/Sgt. Robert H. Chase, T/Sgt. William A. Kennedy, and Cpl. Charles J. LaRue. 261st Field Artillery Battalion, Circa 1945. B. History of the Twelfth United States Field Artillery Battalion in the European Theatre of Operations, 1944-1945. Burton A. Smead, Jr., Captain, 12th F.A. Group, Circa 1945.
12 Publications-49th Armored Division Yearbook, 1952: 49th Armored Division Yearbook. 49th Armored Division, Texas National Guard, 1952.
13 Publications-U.S. Army Staff College Pamphlets, 1961, 1962. A. Information for Student Officers Enrolled in U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Extension Courses. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, September 1961. B. Nonresident Instruction Programs. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, December 1942.
14 Publications-History of Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, undated
Box Folder
3 1 Publications-Historical Summary, 1962-1964: A. Historical Summary. U.S. Army Longhorn Ordnance Works, Marshall, Texas: 1 August 1962-31 December 1962. Max S. Lale, 1962. B. U.S. Army Longhorn Ordnance Works Semi-Annual Historical Summary: 1 January 1963 through 30 June 1963. Max S. Lale, 1963.
2 Publications-Installation History, 1941-1967: Basic Installation History Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas: December 15, 1941 to December 31, 1967. Max S. Lale, 1968.
3 Publications-Installation History, 1968: First Annual Supplement to Basic Installation History Longhorn Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas: January 1, 1968 to December 31, 1968. Max S. Lale, Feb. 15, 1969.
4 Publications-Installation History, 1969: Second Annual Supplement to Basic Installation History Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall Texas: January 1, 1969 to June 30, 1969. Max S. Lale, July 15, 1969.
5 Publications-Installation History, 1969-1970: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas Third Annual Supplement to Basic Installation History: July 1, 1969 to June 30, 1970. Max S. Lale, 1970.
6 Publications-Installation History, 1970-1971: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas Fourth Annual Supplement to Basic Installation History: July 1, 1970 to June 30, 1971.
7 Publications-Longhorn Ammunition Plant, 1973: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, an Investment in Freedom: October, 1973.
Box Folder
4 1 Publications-Regiments of the U.S. Army, 1984: Regiments of the U.S. Army. Reprinted from Army magazine. Copyright 1983, 1984, Association of the U.S. Army.
2 Publications-Army Bicentennial Speech Kit, 1975: Army News Features. U.S. Army Information Kit, Washington, D.C. Office of The Chief of Information, Department of the Army.
3 Publications-U.S. Army 2nd Division, 1983: 62nd Annual Reunion. Our 62nd Annual Reunion, Dallas, Texas, Wed*Thu*Fri*Sat 13 to 16 July, 1983.
4 Publications-U.S.-Soviet Missile Treaty, 1987: Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles. December 1987.
5 Publications-Soviet Military Power, 1988: Soviet Military Power: An Assessment of the Threat. Contains color and black and white photos, text, and many illustrations of the Soviet military on air, sea, and land.
6 Publications-On-Site Inspection Agency, 1988-1989: Information Packet for Destruction of Pershing II Missile System. 1988.
Includes photographs.
7 Publications-On-Site Inspection Agency, 1991: Same as above.

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Series IV. Scrapbooks, approximately 1937-1945.
Extent 0.25 linear ft. (1oversize box, 1 folder)

Original arrangement. Two scrapbooks, which contain a collection of photos, newspaper clippings, notices, and other ephemera. One folder contains photos, military identifications, ribbon identification booklet, special dinner invitations, and other memorabilia.
Box Folder
4 8 Scrapbook: Folder contains photos, military campaign ribbons, and other memorabilia. Includes Lale's military I.D. card, booklets, etc., 1938-1945.
Box Folder
OS297 1 Scrapbook: This oversize box contains a World War II era scrapbook. It contains photos, news article, clippings, and other types of memorabilia and ephemera, 1937-1945.

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Series V. Maps, 1943-1945, undated
Extent 0.1 linear ft.

Eight maps arranged in no particular order. Material includes seven official campaign maps of Central Europe, Belgium, and Northeast France. Also included is a special edition occupation map of Germany. Housed in the Virginia Garrett Cartographic History Library, Map Annex, 103/3
Box Folder
OS297 1 Occupation Map of Germany: Germany and the Invasion Fronts. Alexander Gross FRGS. Geographica Map Co., N.Y., N.Y.
2 Belgium and N.E. Europe, Maeseyck, Sheet 4, Geographical Section, General Staff 4336, G.S., G.S, 1943.
3 Central Europe, Koln, Sheet R1, G.S., G.S., 4336, 1944.
4 Belgium and N.E. Europe, Marche, Sheet 13, G.S., G.S., 4336, 1943.
5 Belgium and N.E. France, Liege, Sheet 9, G.S., G.S., 4336, 1943.
6 Central Europe, Bonn, Sheet S.1., G.S., G.S., 4416 (AMS M641), 1944.
7 Central Europe, Trier, Sheet T.1., G.S., G.S., 4416 (AMS M641), 1944.
8 Central Europe, Essen, Sheet Q.1., G.S., G.S., 4416 (AMS M641), 1944.

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