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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Minutes

University of Texas Arlington

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union Records, Local 4-228 (Port Neches, Texas):

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228
Title: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union Records, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas
Inclusive Dates: 1949-1986
Abstract: The minutes in this collection trace the history of Local 4-228 from 1965-1986.
Identification: AR385
Extent: 10 inches (3 boxes)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Historical Note

The union was chartered on September 22, 1933, with approximately 150 members. At that time it was known as Local 228 of the International Association of Oilfield, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America (later referred to as the Oil Workers International Union). The principal purpose of the union was to gain recognition as the collective bargaining agent for the employees at Pure Oil Company's Smith's Bluff refinery and at the Texas Company refinery in Port Neches.

The National Labor Relations Board threw out a company union at Pure Oil in 1938, an action that was upheld by the court the following year. In November, 1939, an NLRB election was held. The Oil Workers International Union won this election 152 to 110. The subsequent contract signed with Pure Oil was the first ever to be obtained without a strike.

The OWIU won (by a vote of 296 to 118) an election held at the Texas Company, and Local 228 was certified there on March 31, 1941.

During the years of the second World War, the membership of Local 228 increased, and the workers were given better wages and working conditions. Further improvements were achieved as the result of a nationwide strike of oil workers in 1945 and again in 1947.

A convention to approve a merger of the independent oil unions with the Oil Workers International Union was held on June 1, 1954. The merger officially took place in February, 1955, with the formation of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). The unification necessitated the attachment of district designations to the old local numbers. As a result, OWIU, Local 228 became OCAW, Local 4-228.

During the 1950's and 1960's the OCAW increased its political activities through participation in the Committee on Political Education (AFL-CIO) and through involvement in local political contests.

The minutes in this collection trace the history of Local 4-228 from 1965-1986.

Sources:


  • Dixon, Donna Sue Beasley. "A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas" (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).
  • O'Connor, Harvey. History of Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Denver, Colorado, 1950.

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Scope and Contents

The collection consists entirely of photocopies of minutes of meetings of OCAW, Local 4-228. These both continue and close gaps in the local's minutes that are in collection AR64.

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.

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Related Material

Additional information concerning OCAW, Local 4-228 may be obtained from the following sources in Special Collections:

  • AR25 Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, District 4.
  • AR64 Oil Workers International Union, Local No. 228 (Port Neches, Texas).
  • Dixon, Donna. "A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas" (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).
  • O'Connor, Harvey. History of Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO).
  • OH129 Pevoto, Floyd (oral history transcript).

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Administrative Information

Citation

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union Records, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas, AR385, Box Number, Folder Number, The University of Texas at Arlington Library Special Collections.

Acquisition

The original minutes for OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas, were donated to the Texas Labor Archives, Special Collections Division, The University of Texas at Arlington Library on August 24, 1992. The local, however, requested these documents be returned for use in a lawsuit in September, 1994. The material was photocopied at that time, and the original documents were returned as requested.

Processing Information

Finding aid prepared by Mary Thomas and Jane Boley, September, 1996.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series I.
Minutes
Extent 10 inches (3 boxes)

Box Folder
1 1 January - October, 1949
2 1965
3 1966
4 1967
5 1968
6 1969
7 1970
8 1971
9 1972
10 1973
11 1974
12 1975
Box Folder
2 1 1976
2 1977
3 1978
4 1979
5 1980
6 1981
Box Folder
3 1 1982
2 1983
3 1984
4 1985
5 1986

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