Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series I. Correspondence (4 folders), 1935-1956

Series II. Financial Records (2 folders), 1937, 1951, 1966

Series III. Minutes (4 folders) 1937-1940, 1949, 1965-1966

Series IV. Constitution and Bylaws (1 folder), 1948

Series V. Reports (1 folder) 1934-1939

Series VI. Miscellaneous Records (2 folders)

Series VII. Photographs (1 folder)

University of Texas Arlington

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. Local 4-228 (Port Neches, Tex.)
Title: Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records
Inclusive Dates: 1934-1956, 1965-1966
Abstract: Founded in 1933, the International Association of Oilfield, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America, Local 228 was originally comprised of workers at the Pure Oil Company's refinery at Smith's Bluff and the Texas Company refinery in Port Neches, Texas. After name changes and mergers, the local became known as the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 in 1955. Records are comprised of correspondence, financial records, minutes, a constitution and bylaws, reports, handbook, newsletters, and photographs.
Identification: AR64
Extent: 15 folders (0.4 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Historical Note

Local 228 of the International Association of Oilfield, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America (later referred to as the Oil Workers International Union) was chartered on September 22, 1933 with approximately 150 members. The principal purpose of the union was to gain recognition as the collective bargaining agent for the employees at Pure Oil Company's Smith's Bluff refinery and at the Texas Company refinery in Port Neches.

The National Labor Relations Board threw out a company union at Pure Oil in 1938, an action that was upheld by the court the following year. In November, 1939, an NLRB election was held. The Oil Workers International Union won this election 152 to 110. The subsequent contract signed with Pure Oil was the first ever to be obtained without a strike. The OWIU won (by a vote of 296 to 118) an election held at the Texas Company, and Local 228 was certified there on March 31, 1941.

During the years of World War II, the membership of Local 228 increased, and the workers were given better wages and working conditions. Further improvements were achieved as the result of a nationwide strike of oil workers in 1945 and again in 1947. A convention to approve a merger of the independent oil unions with the Oil Workers International Union was held on June 1, 1954. The merger officially took place in February, 1955, with the formation of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). The unification necessitated the attachment of district designations to the old local numbers. As a result, OWIU, Local 228 became OCAW, Local 4-228. During the 1950's and 1960's the OCAW increased its political activities through participation in the Committee on Political Education (AFL-CIO) and through involvement in local political contests.

In 1999, the OCAW merged with the United Paperworkers International Union which together became the Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE). PACE merged with United Steelworkers in 2005, becoming the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied-Industrial and Service Workers International Union, but which is generally referred to as United Steelworkers.

Sources:


  • Dixon, Donna Sue Beasley. A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).
  • O'Connor, Harvey. History of Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Oil Workers Intl. Union (CIO). Denver, Colorado, 1950.
  • United Steelworkers website, accessed May 11, 2015: http://www.usw.org/union/history

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Scope and Contents

Records are comprised of correspondence, financial records, minutes, a constitution and bylaws, reports, handbook, newsletters, and photographs. Included is correspondence, executive board minutes, report, and a handbook produced by the Oil Workers International Union; a constitution and bylaws of OWIU, Local 23; and minutes of Oil Workers District Council 4. Most of the correspondence pertaining to Local 228 deals with its involvement in the Texas State Industrial Union Council and the CIO Political Action Committee. Financial records pertain to Political Action Committee contributions. Minutes document the proceedings of meetings of the executive board of the international office and refer to all aspects of the international union including labor contracts, labor disputes, labor legislation, local unions, decisions, policies, financial matters, and grievances.

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Organization

Materials are arranged in 15 folders divided into 7 series by document type. Materials within each folder are arranged in chronological order.
  • Series I. Correspondence, 1935-1956 (4 folders)
  • Series II. Financial Records, 1937, 1951, 1966 (2 folders)
  • Series III. Minutes, 1937-1940, 1949, 1965-1966 (4 folders)
  • Series IV. Constitution & Bylaws, 1948 (1 folder)
  • Series V. Reports, 1934-1939 (1 folder)
  • Series VI. Miscellaneous Records (2 folders)
  • Series VII. Photographs (1 folder)

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Organizations
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. Local 4-228 (Port Neches, Tex.)--Records and correspondence.
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union. District 4--Records and correspondence.
Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union--Records and correspondence.
United Steelworkers--Records and correspondence.
Subjects
Oil industry workers--Labor unions--Texas--History--Sources.
Labor unions--Texas--Port Neches--History--Sources.
Places
Port Neches (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Texas Labor Archives

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Related Material

AR25: Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union, District Council No. 4 Records

AR385: Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records

  • Dixon, Donna. A History of OCAW, Local 4-228, Port Neches, Texas (M.A. thesis, Lamar State College of Technology, 1970).
  • OH129 Pevoto, Floyd (oral history transcript).

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Separated Material

Minutes of Local 4-228 (1934-1969) are on microfilm. (M8, reels 1-4)

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Administrative Information

Citation

Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, Local 4-228 Records, AR64, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.

Acquisition

Gift, 1971.

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 Administrative Information 

Grant Support

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.

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Container List

 

Series I. Correspondence (4 folders), 1935-1956

Box Folder
1 1 Correspondence - General, 1935-1949
2 Correspondence - Crane, L.L., Secretary, Local #228, 1947-1956
3 Correspondence - Peveto, F.A., Secretary, Local #228, 1936-1939
4 Correspondence - Political Activity Committee, Local #228, 1949-1952

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Series II. Financial Records (2 folders), 1937, 1951, 1966

Box Folder
1 5 Financial Records - International Union, Reports, 1937; 1966
6 Financial Records - Local #228, PAC Contributions, 1951

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Series III. Minutes (4 folders) 1937-1940, 1949, 1965-1966

Box Folder
1 7 Minutes - District #4 Council, Executive Board Minutes, 1949;1965
8 Minutes - District #4 Council, Regular Meetings, 1949
9 Minutes - International Union, Executive Board Meetings, 1937-1940
10 Minutes - International Union, Executive Board Meetings, 1965-1966

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Series IV. Constitution and Bylaws (1 folder), 1948

Box Folder
1 11 Constitution & Bylaws, OWIU, 1948

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Series V. Reports (1 folder) 1934-1939

Box Folder
1 12 Reports - International Union Officers, 1934-1939

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Series VI. Miscellaneous Records (2 folders)

Box Folder
1 13 Miscellaneous - International Union, 1937, undated
14 Miscellaneous - Local 228, 1940-1952, undated

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Series VII. Photographs (1 folder)

Box Folder
1 15 Photographs, undated

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