Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Organization

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series I. Correspondence and Military Documents, 1828-1863.
Bulk dates: 1836-1862

Series II. Biographical Materials, 1846-1886.

University of Texas Arlington

Albert Sidney Johnston Collection:

A Guide



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862.
Title: Albert Sidney Johnston Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1828-1960
Bulk Dates: 1828-1863
Abstract: A graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1826, Johnston served as an officer in the United States Army, the Texas Army, and the Confederate Army. He also served as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. Johnston was colonel of the 1st Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War. He was killed April 6, 1862, at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee while in command of the Western Department of the Confederate Army. Correspondence, financial documents, military records, engravings, photographs, poem, and printed materials. Primarily military records that Johnston produced as Secretary of War, 1836-1840, and as an officer in the United States Army related to his duties as paymaster, quartermaster, and commander of Fort Mason, Texas, 1828, 1842-1861. Includes a manuscript book of general orders recorded during the Mexican War, a letter from David Burnett to Johnston's family, 1863, and a letter which describes the scene at Johnston's death by George W. Baylor, 1889. There are also several published articles about Johnston and the Battle of Shiloh, as well as an epitaph poem.
Identification: GA18
Extent: 89 items (0.75 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library

Biographical Note

Albert Sidney Johnston, Confederate general, U. S. Army colonel and paymaster, brigadier general and Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas, was born at Washington, Kentucky, February 2, 1803. He attended Transylvania University and the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating in June 1826. In 1826 he served at Sackett's Harbor, New York; in 1827 at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, with the Sixth Infantry; and as regimental adjutant in the Black Hawk War in Illinois. He married Henrietta Preston on January 20, 1829. On April 22, 1834, he resigned his commission and in 1835 moved near St. Louis. His wife died on August 12, 1835. In 1836 he moved to Texas and enlisted as a private in the Texas Army. Johnston was appointed adjutant general by Thomas Jefferson Rusk on August 5, 1836. He became senior brigadier general in command of the army on January 31, 1837. He was appointed secretary of war for the Republic of Texas by president Mirabeau B. Lamar on December 22, 1838. He remained Secretary of War from 1838 to 1840. He led an expedition against the Cherokee in East Texas in December 1839.

Johnston was colonel of the First Texas Rifle Volunteers during the Mexican War and was inspector general at Monterrey, Mexico, with W. O. Butler. Johnston became paymaster in the United States Army on December 2, 1849, and was assigned to the Texas frontier. He was in the Great Plains in 1855 with William S. Harney, and was appointed colonel of the Second Cavalry on April 2, 1856. Johnston was brevet brigadier general in the expedition to escort the Mormons to Salt Lake City from 1858 to 1860. In 1860 he was sent to the Pacific Department and stationed at San Francisco. He resigned his commission in the United States Army in 1861 at the beginning of the Civil War and refused the federal government's offer of a command. He returned to Texas.

Johnston was appointed as a general in the Confederate Army by Jefferson Davis and assigned command of the Western Department in charge of Confederate operations in Tennessee and Kentucky. He took Bowling Green, Kentucky, moved his line of defense to Nashville, Tennessee, in February 1862, and then to Corinth. In 1862 he attacked Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. Johnston was killed while leading his forces at the battle of Shiloh, on April 6, 1862.

Sources:


  • Barton, Henry W., Texas Volunteers in the Mexican War, Waco: Texian Press, 1970. pp. 20, 26, 47- 48, 57.
  • Catton, Bruce, The Civil War, New York: The Fairfax Press, 1980, 27, 54-59, 308.
  • Fehrenbach, T. R., Lone Star, A History of Texas and the Texans, New York: Wings Books, 1968. pp. 247-267, 251, 255, 351, 355, 454-458, 462-463, 499-500.
  • Frazier, Robert W., Forts of the West, Military Forts and Presidios and Posts Commonly Called Forts West of the Mississippi River to 1898, Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965. pp. 152, 166, 178.
  • Houston, Andrew Jackson, Texas Independence, Houston: The Anson Jones Press, 1938, 88. pp. 260-261.
  • Johnston, William Preston, The Life of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, His Services in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1878.
  • Koury, Michael J., Arms for Texas, A Study of the Weapons of the Republic of Texas, Fort Collins: The Old Army Press, 1973. pp. 13, 16, 34, 36-39, 78-84.
  • Nance, Joseph Milton, Attack and Counter-Attack, The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1842, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 71-89, 97-100, 112-113, 159-163, 217, 275.
  • Oates, Stephen B., ed., The Republic of Texas, Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1968. (Published for The American West Magazine and the Texas State Historical Association.)
  • Roland, Charles P., Albert Sidney Johnston, Soldier of Three Republics, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. pp. 6-184.
  • Sword, Wiley, The Battle of Shiloh, Harrisburg: Eastern Acorn Press, 1982. (Published for the National Park Service.) pp. 9-16, 22, 32-33, 37-39.
  • Tyler, Ron, ed., The New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 3, Austin: The Texas State Historical Association, 1996. pp. 970.
  • Ward, Geoffrey C., The Civil War, An Illustrated History, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1991. pp. 12-116.

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Scope and Contents

The collection is contained in half of one legal size document box, one oversize box, and one oversize folder. It is arranged in two series consisting of fifteen folders and twelve oversize items. The sixty-three original handwritten items include: twenty-five lists, invoices and receipts for clothing, equipage and rations; eight personal letters to or from Albert Sidney Johnston referencing the military; nineteen military letters and receipts; eleven general orders letters; and one general orders book which also has sixteen newspaper clippings. All items are by or about Albert Sidney Johnston.

Series I. Consists of correspondence and military documents concerning Albert Sidney Johnston from 1828 to 1863. Primarily these are military records produced by Johnston as secretary of war for Texas and as an officer in the United States Army. There are letters to and from Johnston. A manuscript book of General Orders recorded during the Mexican War is also included. The bulk of the original handwritten materials is contained in this series.

Series II. Consists of material concerning Albert Sidney Johnston from 1846 to 1960. It contains an epitaph and a tribute to Johnston. There are photographs of Johnston and graphics and photographs of subjects related to Johnston. It includes a letter from David Burnet to Johnston's family and a description of Johnston's death by George Baylor. It contains several published articles about Johnston and Shiloh.

This collection will be of particular interest to those studying or researching Albert Sydney Johnston, the Republic of Texas, the U. S. Army in the 19th century, and the Mexican War. The majority of the original papers involve Johnston's activities with the Republic of Texas and in the United States Army. The papers during the Republic years center on his duties as Secretary of War. Later material, after the statehood of Texas, is related to his duties as paymaster, quartermaster, and as commander of Fort Mason. The General Orders book was recorded during the Mexican War from June 16, 1846, through August 14, 1846. It includes newspaper clippings about the war printed through 1847. The collection will also be of interest to those with more specific topics such as military clothing, weapons, food, supplies, and equipment for the Republic of Texas and the 19th century U. S. Army. For those interested in the Civil War, the collection includes numerous published articles about Johnston and about the battle at Shiloh.

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Organization

The series and series order were decided by the archival intern. Materials in each series and the order in each folder were decided by the archival intern. Folders containing correspondence and military documents are arranged chronologically. Folders containing biographical material, graphics, and published articles are arranged alphabetically. Folder contents are arranged chronologically.
The Albert Sidney Johnston Collection is organized in two series:
Series I. Correspondence and Military Documents, 1828-1863 (0.67 linear ft. (0.33 document box, 10 folders; plus 1 oversize box and 1 oversize folder))
Series II. Biographical Materials, 1846-1886 (0.08 linear ft. (0.17 document box, 4 folders))

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Restrictions

Access

Open for research.

Literary Rights

Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in writing from Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards.

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Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons
Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862.
Baylor, George, Wythe, 1832-1916.
Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870.
Organizations
Texas--War Dept.--Records and correspondence.
United States--Army--Officers--Correspondence.
Confederate States of America--Army--Officers--Correspondence.
Subjects
Generals--United States--Correspondence.
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources.
Shiloh, Battle of, 1862--Sources.
Places
Fort Mason (Mason, Tex.)--History--Sources.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846--Sources.
Formats
Biographies.
Military orders.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscripts Collection

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Administrative Information

Citation

Albert Sidney Johnston Collection, GA18, Box Number, Folder Number, The University of Texas at Arlington Library Special Collections.

Acquisition

All of the materials included in the Albert Sidney Johnston Collection were a gift to The University of Texas at Arlington, Special Collections Division, in 1974 by Jenkins Garrett.

Processing Information

Finding aid prepared by Cheryl A. Morrison, December 25, 1997. Revised January 1998.

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Container List

 

Series I. Correspondence and Military Documents, 1828-1863.
Bulk dates: 1836-1862
Extent 0.67 linear ft.

Included are personal and professional letters to and from Albert Sydney Johnston. Also included are military and Republic of Texas documents, invoices, receipts, and a general orders book for the Mexican War, all related to Albert Sydney Johnston. Oversized materials are in Box OS184 and folder GO2.
Box Folder
GA18 1 Correspondence, 1828-1838
Eight items.
Primarily these are letters to and from Albert Sidney Johnston while he was in the War Department for the Republic of Texas. There are letters concerning the 6th Regiment, Brig. General Rusk, President Sam Houston, and the 1st Brigade.
2 Correspondence and Military Documents, 1839
Eight items. These are to and from Albert Sidney Johnston while he was Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. There are letters concerning the wars with the Indians, the Mexican War, Gen. Rusk, Col. W. G. Cook, M. B. Lamar, the 28th Cavalry, and Galveston. There are four letters and documents concerning guns and supplies.
3 Correspondence and Military Documents, 1840
Nine items. These are to and from Albert Sidney Johnston while he was Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. There are letters concerning the Indians, supplies, guns, the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company, the Navy Department, and the 1st Infantry.
4 Correspondence and Military Documents, 1842-1847
Nine items. These are to and from Albert Sidney Johnston while he was Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. There are letters and documents concerning the Custom House in Galveston, guns, army clothing, and supplies. There are six invoices for the Quartermasters Stores for food and supplies.
5 Military Documents, 1846-1847
See OSB184, (oversize box), which contains the General Orders book for the Mexican War from June 16, 1846, through August 14, 1846, and newspaper clippings through 1847. The book pertains to the Texas Volunteers, the 1st Regiment of Foot Riflemen and the 2nd Army of Occupation in Point Isabel, Matamoras, Camargo, and Monterey. Articles also include information about Saltillo, Coahuilla, Fort Polk, Palo Alto, General Taylor, W. G. Cook, and Santa Anna.
6 Correspondence and Military Documents, 1850-1853
Five documents and letters concerning the Quartermaster General's Office for food, equipage, clothing, and horses; five letters and documents concerning the War Department, the Texas Volunteers, Companies B & D 2nd Artillery, Santa Fe, and Camp Garrison.
7 Military Documents, 1854-1855
Four documents concerning the War Department, General Orders, Col. R. E. Lee, the 2nd Cavalry, Col. S. Cooper, and the Jefferson Barracks. They include costs of clothing, camp and garrison equipage, horse equipment, and tables of allowances.
8 Military Documents, 1855-1856
Refers to GO2, oversize folder, which contains eleven pages of photostatic copies of the Muster Rolls for the return of the Second Regiment of Cavalry, Army of the United States, made from the records of the War Department, Office of the Adjutant General, National Archives and Records Service. Muster Rolls are October 1855 through January 15, 1856. There is a notation about Robert E. Lee.
9 Correspondence and Military Documents, 1856-1857
Eight items. There are letters to and from Albert Sidney Johnston. They concern the 2nd Regiment Cavalry, Fort Mason, and Camp Cooper. There are six documents concerning the Office of Army Clothing & Equipage in Philadelphia covering the 1st U. S. Artillery, the Quarter Masters Department, Ringgold Barracks, the 5th U. S. Infantry, the 1st Regiment of Infantry, the Schuylkill Arsenal, Fort Mason, Companies A & S of the 7th Regiment Infantry, Camp Cooper, Fort Clark.
10 Series II. Correspondence and Military Documents, 1858-1863
Eight items. There are letters to and from Albert Sidney Johnston. They concern Fort Randall; Fort Leavenworth; Department of Utah, Camp Floyd, 2nd Cavalry; Company B, 5th Infantry; 1st Infantry, Camp Verde, Texas; two reports from the 36th Congress, House of Representatives; Quarter Master, Bowling Green, Kentucky; and Lt. Governor Reynolds and General Polk. Primarily they are for general orders, special orders, supplies, rations, and salaries. Included is a letter from David Burnett to Johnston's family after his death which also references the Confederacy and President Jefferson Davis.

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Series II. Biographical Materials, 1846-1886.
Extent 0.08 linear ft.

There are an epitaph and a tribute to Albert Sydney Johnston. The graphics are of Albert Sydney Johnston or subjects related to him. The published materials are about Albert Sydney Johnston or subjects to him, such as the wars in which he fought. Although some articles were published in the 20th century, the bulk of the material and subjects covered are from 1826 to Johnston's death at Shiloh in 1862.
Box Folder
GA18 11 Epitaph, n.d.
An epitaph entitled "In Memorium" thought to be by John Dimitry of New Orleans posted at the St. Louis Cemetery in New Orleans and "A Beautiful Tribute" by W. W. Mackall. Written between February 1862 and January 1867.
12 Expression of Tribute, 1886
A testimonial about Albert Sydney Johnston by George Wythe Baylor to E. C. Wharton, the original ten page handwritten letter. Also a typed version.
13 Graphics, 1846-1862
Five photographs and engravings of Albert Sidney Johnston, two photographs and drawings of George W. Baylor, one Civil War design, one Indian Council engraving, and one picture of Confederate commanders.
14 Published Materials, ca. 1862-1906
Contains 10 articles and a postcard about various aspects of Albert Sidney Johnston's military career from 1836 until Shiloh in 1862.

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