Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

University of Houston Libraries, Special Collections

William W. Edgerton Civil War Letters



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Edgerton, William W.
Title: William W. Edgerton Civil War Letters
Dates: 1862-1865
Abstract: William Wilberforce Edgerton served as a private with the 107th New York Volunteers during the American Civil War, participating in the battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. He enlisted in 1862 and was honorably discharged on June 18, 1865. The collection consists primarily of correspondence from Edgerton to his mother, brother, and sisters.
Identification: 1955-001
Quantity: 2 boxes; 154 items, .8 linear feet
Repository: Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries

Biographical Note

William Wilberforce Edgerton was born August 4, 1845 in Waverly, New York to Dorothy Doud and John Leffingwell Edgerton. He was the third of four children, two older sisters and one younger brother. At the age of twelve he left home to live on his own due to the break-up of his family. His father was a traveling lecturer and teacher and was away much of the time. His younger brother lived with his sister Martha and her husband, and his mother moved in with friends in Sparta, Wisconsin, during the Civil War.

Edgerton survived on his own by his wits and succession of small jobs. He spent some time "peddling" but found it a poor way to make a living. He tried harness making, bar tending, and eventually even spent some time working at a race track. By the age of seventeen he found himself working as a blacksmith's apprentice. After a couple of setbacks of the Union forces and a major campaign for new recruits by President Lincoln, Edgerton decided to join the Union Army, and did so in the early part of 1862. He remained at the rank of private throughout the war, and received an honorable discharge on June 18, 1865.

Following his discharge, Edgerton opened a shoe store in Factoryville, New York. The shoe business failed the following year and he moved to Wisconsin. He entered Rush Medical School in Chicago and graduated fourth in his class in 1872. He established a practice in Fort Scott, Kansas for a brief time and then decided to become a country doctor in Wheeling, Missouri. He was married in 1876 and had three children.

After a series of personal tragedies and illnesses, he abandoned his medical practice and bought a general merchandise store in Wheeling, Missouri. He operated it profitably until 1889, at which time he became the president of the local bank. He also later served as Mayor of Wheeling. William Wilberforce Edgerton died on November 11, 1931.

Source

Brief unpublished fifteen page biography with collection file.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

The William W. Edgerton collection is composed of personal correspondence between Civil War private William Wilberforce Edgerton of the 107th New York Volunteers and his immediate family. Most of the letters are between William W. Edgerton and his mother, Dorothy Doud Edgerton. Additional correspondents include his brother, John Howard Edgerton, and his sisters, Martha Newton and Augusta Tenney.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically. Following it are some battle diaries kept by William Edgerton, and some other miscellaneous items.

Note: Locations have been noted exactly as written even though obviously misspelled, e.g. staford for Stafford and corthouse for Courthouse.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open for research.

Use Restrictions

The material in this collection is in the public domain. However, Special Collections owns the physical items in our collections, and all reproduction restrictions apply.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

Terms are either Library of Congress Subject Headings or taken from local sources.
Subjects (Persons)
Edgerton, William Wilbur
Subjects (Organizations)
107th New York Volunteers
Subjects
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William W. Edgerton Civil War Letters, Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries.

Acquisition

This collection was donated by Mr. Owsley R. Welch ca. 1955.

Processed by

Steven Bonario, March 1990

Derral Parkin, June 1995

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description

 
Box Folder
1, 2 1-141
Box Folder
1 1 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Factoryville, NY, Feb. 9, 1862
2 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Factoryville, NY, June 6, 1862
3 Lowrey to Dorothy Edgerton, Waverly, NY, Aug. 29, 1862
4 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Maryland Heights, Oct. 23, 1862
5 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp near [Antietam Ford], Nov. 12, 1862
6 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, North Potsdam, NY, Nov. 30, 1862.
6 Verso William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, undated
7 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp near Staford corthouse [Stafford, VA], Jan. 24, 1863
8 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Feb. 8, 186[3]
9 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Feb. 25, 1863
10 William Edgerton to John Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Mar. 20, 1863
11 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Mar. 21, 1863
12 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Aquia Landing, Apr. 5, 1863
13 William Edgerton to John Edgerton, Aquia Landing, Apr. 12, 1863
14 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Apr. 12, 1863
15 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Hopes Landing, Apr. 27, 1863
16 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Stafford Corthouse [Stafford, VA], Apr. 28, 1863
17 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Stafford corthouse [Stafford, VA], May 13, 1863
18 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Stafford corthouse [Stafford, VA], May 18, 1863
19 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Stafford corthouse, [Stafford, VA], May 19, 1863
20 William Edgeton to his father, Stafford corthouse [Stafford, VA], May 23-24, 1863
21 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Fairfax, VA], Jan. 5, 1863
22 William Edgerton to [Augusta Tenney or Martha Newton], Stafford corthouse [Stafford, VA], June 5, 1863
23 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Stafford corthouse [Stafford, VA], June 11, 1863
24 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Dumfries, [VA], June 14, 1863
25 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Leasburg, [VA], June 19-20, 1863
26 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Harper's Ferry, July 17, 1863
27 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Warrinton Junction, [VA], July 27, 1863
28 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Warrinton Junction, [VA], July 29, 1863
29 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [VA], [ca. July 29, 1863]
30 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton.
30 Alice Woaters[?] to Oscar [brother] Pitt County, NC, Also M.E. Woaters to Oscar [son] (Letter found by William Edgerton on a Confederate soldier) June 14, 1863,
31 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton. Kelleys ford, [VA], Aug. 1863
32 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, "Kelleys ford on the Bapahonac" [VA], Aug. 4, 1863
33 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Kelleys ford [VA], Aug. 12, 1863
34 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Kelleys ford, VA, Aug. 14, 1863
35 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Kelleys ford [VA], Aug. 19, 1863
36 W.G.L. Brook to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp 107th NYV, Aug. 23, [1863]
37 W.G.L. Brook to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp 107th NYV, Aug. 29, [1863]
38 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Kelleys ford, VA, Sep. 2, 1863
39 Martha Newton to Augusta Tenney, Sparta [WI], Sep. 3, 1863
40 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Kelleys ford, VA, [Sep. 1863]
41 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Kelleys ford, VA, Sep. 9, 1863
42 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Kelleys ford, VA, Sep. 10, 1863
43 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Raccoon ford, VA, Sep. 17, 1863
44 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Raccoon ford, VA, Sep. 21, 1863
45 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Raccoon ford, [VA], Sep. 22, 1863
46 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Raccoon ford, VA, Sep. 23, 1863
47 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], [Raccoon ford, VA], Sep. 26, 1863
48 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Decherd Station, TN, Oct. 6, 1863, Oct. 8, 1863, Oct. 12, 1863
49 William Edgerton to Martha Newton, Camp 107 NYV, TN, Oct. 8, 1863
50 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Decherd, TN], Oct. 13, 1863
51 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Decherd, TN], Oct. 16, 1863
52 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Decherd, TN], Oct. 18, 1863
53 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [between Murfreesboro, TN and Stevenson, AL], Oct. 29, 1863
54 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [between Murfreesboro, TN and Stevenson, AL], Nov. 17, 1863
55 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Nov. 18, 1863
56 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp 107 NYV [TN], Dec. 5, 1863
57 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp 107 NYV [TN], Dec. 8, 1863
58 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp 107 NYV, TN, Dec. 18, 1863
59 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [TN], Dec. 18, 1863
60 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Dec. 18, 1863
61 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Dec. 21, 1863
62 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [TN], Dec. 21, 1863
63 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Dec. 24, 1863
64 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Dec. 26, 1863
65 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Dec. 26, 1863
66 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [TN], Dec. 29, 1863
67 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Jan. 6, 1864
68 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Jan. 16, 1864
69 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Jan. 17, 1864, Jan. 18, 1864
70 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [TN], Jan. 18, 1864
71 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Bell Buckle Bridge, TN, Jan. 20, 1864
72 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Jan. 30, 1864
73 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 1, 1864
74 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 8, 1864
75 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 10, 1864
76 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 15, 1864
77 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 18, 1864
78 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Shelbyville, TN, Feb. 18, 1864
79 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Mar. 4, 1864
80 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 4, 1864
81 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 6, 1864
82 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 14, 1864
83 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 28, 1864
84 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 29, 1864
85 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Shelbyville, TN, Apr. 29, 1864
86 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], [Bridgeport, TN], Apr. 30, 1864 - May 21, 1864
87 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp on the Mar, May 17, 1864
88 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Dallas, GA], May 29, 1864
89 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Lost Mountain, GA [Dallas, GA], June 14, [1864] and June 15, [1864]
90 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Camp in the brestworks on the battlefield, GA, June 15, 1864
91 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Marietta, GA], June 23, 1864
92 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Marietta, GA], June 29, 1864
93 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [2 miles N. of Chattahoochee River], July 8, 1864, July 9, 1864
94 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Chattahoochee R., GA, July 12, 1864
95 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Chattahoochee River, GA, July 15, 1864
96 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], 10 miles SE of Atlanta, GA, July 19, 1864
97 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, [July 1864]
98 William Edgerton to [Dorothy or John Edgerton], [Atlanta, GA], July 24, 1864
99 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, July 29, 1864
Box Folder
2 100 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Camp in brest. in front of Atlanta, GA, Aug. 1, [1864]
101 Wiliam Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Atlanta, GA, Aug. 13, 1864
102 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Atlanta, GA], Hospital 2 miles in the rear, Aug. 11, 1864
103 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], [Atlanta, GA] Hospital, Aug. 13, 1864
104 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, [Atlanta, GA] Hospital, Aug. 14, 1864
105 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Aug. 25, 1864
106 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Atlanta, GA, Aug. 25, 1864
107 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Chattahoochee Bridge, 5 miles from Atlanta, GA, Aug. 28, 1864
108 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Chattachoochee Bridge, GA, Aug. 31, 1864
109 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Sep. 4, 1864
110 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Sep. 9, 1864, Sep. 12, 1864
111 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Sep. 16, 1864
112 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Sep. 21, 1864
113 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 20, 1864
114 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 29, 1864
115 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Angyle Island, Savannah River, Ga, Dec. 18, 1864
116 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Savannah, GA, Dec. 24, 1864
117 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Savannah, GA, Dec. 30, 1864
118 William Edgerton to [John Edgerton], Savannah, GA, Dec. 30, 1864
119 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Savannah, GA, Jan. 13, 1865
120 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Swamps of SC, Jan. 25, 1865
121 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Fayetteville, NC, Mar. 12, 1865
122 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Goldsboro, NC, Mar. 29, 1865
123 William Edgerton to Dorothy Edgerton, Factoryville [Near Waverly, NY], June 29, 1865
124 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, Dodge City, WI, July 5, 1865
125 William Edgerton to Augusta Tenney, Factoryville, NY, July 30, 1865
126 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, Dodge City, WI, Nov. 5, 1865
127 Martha Newton to William Edgerton, Sparta, WI, Nov. 23, 1865
128 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, Oak Grove, Dodge City County, WI. Dec. 3, 1865
129 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, Oak Grove City, Dodge City County, WI, Dec. 26, [1865]
130 Dorothy Edgerton to William Edgerton, [Oak Grove, Dodge City County, WI], Jan. 11, 1866
131 Diary, Chapter 2, Battle of Antietam, Sep. 26, 1863
132 Diary, Chapter 3, Nov. 25, 1863
133 Diary, Chapter 4, Battle of Chancellorville, May 1, 1863
134 Diary, Chapter 5, Battle of Gettysburg, Dec. 13, 1863
135 Diary, Chapter 6, Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863
136 William Edgerton letter fragment, [1886]
137 Calling card of Mr. & Mrs. Tenney; includes envelope [H. Augusta Tenney]
138 List of clothing drawn by William Edgerton, July 1863 - June 1864
139 Camp Pass issued by E. P. Van Valkenburgh, Jan. 20, 1863
140 Unidentifiable fragments of eight items
141 Fragments of seven additional letters

Return to the Table of Contents