Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the Energy Resources Collection, 1932-2017



Overview

Creator: Texas. General Land Office. Energy Resources.
Title: Energy Resources Collection
Dates: 1932-2017
Abstract: The Texas General Land Office earns money for the Permanent School Fund (PSF). One of its primary responsibilities is leasing the state's vast land and mineral holdings for energy and mineral development with the proceeds going into the PSF to help finance K-12 education in Texas. The Energy Resources Collection contains correspondence, legal records and computer-generated reports detailing what State-owned tracts of land have been leased; by whom; and what fees were owed to the GLO.
Identification: AR.130
Quantity: 10.1 Linear feet, (23 document boxes)
Location: OVR
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

The Texas General Land Office earns money for the Permanent School Fund (PSF). One of its primary responsibilities is leasing the state's vast land and mineral holdings for energy and mineral development with the proceeds going into the PSF to help finance K-12 education in Texas. Since 1854, the PSF has grown into one of the world's largest endowment funds for education.

State lands dedicated to the PSF include 13 million acres, approximately 65 percent of the state land and mineral rights that the Land Office manages. Roughly four million acres of that portfolio are submerged lands, including the bays, lakes, islands, bayous, and the Gulf of Mexico out to the Three Marine League Line (10.3570 miles). Several other land classes exist: the beds of navigable rivers and creeks account for approximately 1 million acres; State Fee lands include 873,815 acres; Relinquishment Act lands account for 6,326,361 acres; and Free Royalty acreage totals 826,656.

The Texas Constitution of 1876 set aside half of Texas’ remaining public lands to establish a Permanent School Fund (PSF), to help finance public schools. Legislators intended for this land to be sold and the proceeds be deposited into the PSF. Deposits to the PSF would be an inexhaustible source of revenue because only interest income from the fund could be spent and would be apportioned among the state's public schools.

The Land Office is responsible for managing these lands, including sales, trades, leases and improvements, as well as administration of contracts, mineral royalty rates, and other transactions. These lands generate revenues primarily through oil and gas revenues, but also through land sales and leases for surface uses.

The interest earned on the PSF investments is distributed by the State Board of Education to every school district in Texas on a per-pupil basis. The land office also deposits fines on unpaid or late royalties, commercial leasing revenues, and Outer Continental Shelf pipeline fees into the PSF.

Since only interest income can be spent, the principal amount of the PSF remains intact and will continue to benefit the public schools of Texas.

Beginning in 2005, the Land Office was given the authority to invest in real estate using proceeds received from the sale of PSF lands and revenue from PSF mineral leases and royalties. Professional fund management firms oversee these funds on behalf of the Permanent School Fund.

Land Office involvement in the Permanent School Fund is managed by the School Land Board.

The School Land Board (SLB) was established in 1939 by the 46th Legislature to manage the sale and mineral leasing of Permanent School Fund (PSF) lands. The SLB’s responsibilities include approving land sales, trades and exchanges, and the purchase of land for the PSF. In addition to this, the SLB issues permits, leases and easements for uses of state-owned submerged land.

The SLB is composed of three members. The Commissioner of the Texas General Land Office serves as Chairman of the SLB and is joined by two citizen members. One citizen member is appointed by the Governor while the other is appointed by the Attorney General. Citizen members serve two-year terms, and may be reappointed, while the Commissioner serves during his/her term in office.

Source: Texas General Land Office. 2013. "Energy and Minerals." Accessed December 9. http://www.glo.texas.gov/what-we-do/energy-and-minerals/index.html


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Energy Resources Collection primarily contains Oil and Gas Lease Sales records, 1932-2017. The Oil and Gas Lease Sales records document the process by which one could review and bid on leases for tracts of land intended for mineral exploration. The Records include the "notice of bids" advertising tracts available for lease; the "tabulation of bids" denoting who bid on a tract and what that bid was; and flyers advertising the lease sale.

The Submerged Lease Sales series contains correspondence, legal records and computer-generated reports detailing what State-owned tracts of submerged land have been leased; by whom; and what fees were owed to the GLO.

The Royalty Audits are detailed reports auditing two mineral exploration companies, Texaco and Spinnaker, to determine if the two companies were paying the correct royalty payments to the GLO.

The Collection also contains links in Related Archival Material to collections that complement the records here.


Arrangement

The Energy Resources collection is divided into three series.
1. Oil & Gas Lease Sales, 1934-2017: These files are arranged chronologically; each folder has a unique file number. This series is added to every quarter.
2. Submerged Lease Sales, 1932-2003: These file are arranged chronologically
3. Royalty Audits, 1997-2002: These files are arranged chronologically.

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).


Index Terms

Texas Board of Mineral Development.
Texas School Land Board.
Correspondence
Mineral lands--Texas.
Mineral leases.
Mineral resources in submerged lands
Mineral Rights-Texas
Natural gas in submerged lands
Oil and Gas Leases-Texas
Petroleum in submerged lands
Submerged lands--Texas.
Three Marine League Line (Texas)
Three-mile Limit (Territorial waters)

Related Archival Materials note

A List of Tracts Advertised for Mineral Lease, 1919-1949

A Register of Applications to Purchase, Prospect and Lease Mineral Lands, 1927-1931

A Register of Royalty Payments for Mineral Leases on Public School Lands, 1933-1934

A Guide to the Mineral Leases Records, 1944-1971

A Guide to the Mineral Applications on Advertised Lands, 1947-1963

A Register of Hard Mineral Patents, 1972-1976


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. Energy Resources Collection (AR.130). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Oil & Gas Lease Sales, 1934-2017

Box
1 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 1 - 28, 9/5/1934-7/6/1948
Box
2 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 29 - 48, 9/7/1948-9/6/1955
Box
3 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 49 - 58, 12/6/1955-8/1/1961
Box
4 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 59 - 71, 2/6/1962-11/1/1966
Box
5 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 72 - 84, 4/4/1967-5/2/1972
Box Folder
23 225 Mineral lease data report, 1939-1973
Box
6 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 85 - 101, 10/3/1972-10/2/1979
Box
7 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 102 - 112, 4/1/1980-10/2/1984
Box
8 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 113 - 123, 4/2/1985-10/6/1987
Box
9 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 124 - 136, 4/5/1988-10/5/1993
Box
10 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 137 - 153, 4/5/1994-4/7/1998
Box
11 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 154 - 180, 8/4/1998-7/2/2002
Box
12 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 181 - 196, 10/1/2002-7/25/2006
Box
13 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 197 - 221, 10/3/2006-10/1/2013
Box
14 Oil & Gas Lease Sales, Files 222 - 229, 1/7/2014-1/17/2017



Submerged Lease Sales, 1932-2003

Box
15 Lease Sales on River Beds, 5/12/1932-10/1/1938; undated
Box Folder
21 7 Bid on block one Trinity River Bed [Trinity State Oil Company], April 24, 1934
2 Valuation report on the State of Texas Wichita Riverbed lease, Wichita County, Texas, July 8, 1938
3 Documents related to Southport Petroleum Co. [re: Wichita River Bed], 1940
1 Documents related to leases on the Sabine River bed; includes court cases, legislative proposals, correspondence, and reports, 1930s
4 Documents [correspondence] related mostly to Sultana & Stanolind Oil Cos., 1930s
5 Documents [correspondence] related to Sultana Oil Co., 1930s
6 Documents [correspondence] related to Sun Oil Co., 1930s
8 Bid proposals, 1930s
9 Bids rejected, 1930s
Box
16 Gulf of Mexico Data, 1922-1963, 8/31/1963
Gulf of Mexico Data, 1922-1964, 8/31/1964
Box
17 Gulf of Mexico Data, 1922-1965, 8/31/1965
Box
18 Submerged Lease Data, Vol. 76-86, 1986-1991
Box
19 Submerged Lease Data, Vol. 87-97-B, 1992-1997
Box
20 Submerged Lease Data, Vol. 98-2003, 1998-2003



Royalty Audits, 1997-2002

Box Folder
22 1 Texaco royalty audit, February 21, 1997
2-5 Spinnaker royalty audit, 2002