Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents note

Arrangement note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Contract records and correspondence, 1828-1835

Titles, 1834-1846

Survey field notes and plat maps, 1830-1839, undated


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the Power and Hewetson's Colony Records, 1828-1846



Overview

Creator: Hewetson, James, ca. 1797-1870
Creator: Power, James, ca. 1788–1852
Title: Power and Hewetson's Colony Records
Inclusive Dates: 1828-1834; 1846
Abstract: Power and Hewetson's Colony, also known as the Refugio Colony, was founded in 1828 by James Power and James Hewetson by virtue of an empresario contract with the state of Coahuila and Texas under the provisions of the Colonization Law of 1825. Power and Hewetson's Colony Records contain contract records, correspondence, land titles, survey field notes, and survey plat maps.
Identification: SC.PH
Quantity: 3.14 Linear feet, (9 document boxes, 2 bound volumes, 5 plat maps)
Location: File Vault, Map Vault
Language: Materials written predominantly in Spanish. Some materials written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

Power and Hewetson's Colony, also known as the Refugio Colony, was founded in 1828 by James Power and James Hewetson by virtue of an empresario contract with the state of Coahuila and Texas under the provisions of the Colonization Law of 1825. The project initially called for the introduction of 100 Mexican families and 100 Irish families into an area within the ten league coast reserve between the Lavaca and Guadalupe rivers, which was extended to the Nueces in 1829. In 1831 the former lands of the Refugio Mission were also added to the colony. The extension of the boundaries led to conflicts with neighboring De León's Colony. Neary 200 land titles were issued under Power and Hewetson's contract.

Within the colony, the town of Refugio was founded in 1834 at the site of the former mission. Lots in the town were surveyed by James Bray. The town was subsequently destroyed by the Mexican Army in 1836. Colonists located mainly between the Aransas and the San Antonio Rivers in what is now Refugio County.

Land Commissioners included Manuel de Moral and José Jesús Vidaurri (appointed in 1834). José Maria Portilla was appointed land commissioner in 1835.

For more information on Milam and Milam's Colony see the entry for Power and Hewetson Colony at the Handbook of Texas Online.

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Scope and Contents note

Power and Hewetson's Colony Records contain contract records, correspondence, land titles, survey field notes, and survey plat maps, 1828-1839. There is also a volume of transcribed titles from 1846.

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Arrangement note

The Records are arranged into 3 series:
1. Contract records and correspondence, 1826-1835
Because the Records are physically part of the Spanish Collection, the contract records and correspondence are mixed in with material from other collections which accounts for the addition of 6 document boxes while only adding 4 linear inches of material to the collection.
2. Titles, 1834
3. Survey field notes and plat maps, 1830-1839, undated

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access note

Unrestricted access.

Conditions Governing Use note

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

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Index Terms

Alamán, Lucas, 1792-1853
Aldrete, José Miguel
Barberena, José Manuel
Becerra, Manuel
Borrego, Marcial
Buentello, Tomás
Cañedo, Juan de Dios, 1786-1850
Congress. State of Coahuila and Texas. Mexico.
Elguézabal, Juan José, Governor
Falcón, José María
Garza, José Antonio de la
Garza, Tomás de la
Hernández, Juan José
Letona, José María de, Governor, 1799–1832
León, Fernando de, 1798-1853
Manchola, Rafael A.
Mier y Terán, Manuel de, 1789-1832
Músquiz, Ramón
Nixon, George A., (George Antonio), 1781-1843
Padilla, Juan Antonio, -1839
Pakenham, R. (Richard), 1797-1868
Peña, Francisco de la
Prado, Francisco del
Santos, José Guadalupe de los
Seguín, Juan Nepomuceno, 1806–1890
Valdez, José María
Venabides, Plácido
Veramendi, Juan Martín de, 1778-1833
Vidaurri y Villaseñor, Francisco, Governor
Vidaurri, José Jesús de
Viesca, José María
York, Thomas
Coahuila and Texas (Mexico)--History--Sources
Emigration and immigration--Texas
Land titles--Texas
Mexico--History--1821-1860--Sources
Power and Hewetson's Colony
Public records--Texas
Refugio (Tex.)
Spanish Collection
Surveying--Texas

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

Power and Hewetson's Colony Records (SC.PH). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

Digital Copies

Materials have been digitized. See the Texas General Land Office Land Grant Database and input the surname of the individual grantee. For contract records and correspondence, enter the number into the Certificate field.

For the plat of surveys, see Map 2, 23, 31, 46, 81: Texas General Land Office Maps and Sketches database.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 
Box
SC 43 Contract records and correspondence, 1828-1835
Contract records and correspondence, 1828-1835
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/txglo/supplements/00058.pdf

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Titles, 1834-1846

Box
SC 41-42 Land titles, 1834
Box Folder
SC 43 6-39 Unfinished land titles, 1833-1834
Volume
SC Aisle Transcribed copies of land titles, "Record of Spanish Titles, Volume II, p. 1-187, May 24, 1846

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Survey field notes and plat maps, 1830-1839, undated

Map-case
24 Surveys in Power and Hewetson's Colony, Map 2, ca 1830s
Surveys in Power and Hewetson's Colony along the San Antonio and Guadalupe Rivers, Map 23, ca. 1837-1838
Surveys in Power and Hewetson's Colony along the Aransas River, Map 31, undated
Surveys in Power and Hewetson's Colony along the Aransas River, Middle Creek, Papalose Creek, and Blanco Creek, Map 81, 1830
Map-case
32 Surveys in Power and Hewetson's Colony along the Blanco and Medina Rivers, Map 46, 1834
Volume
SC Aisle Survey field notes, Book S.A.W. 1834

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