Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents note

Arrangement note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Contract records and correspondence, 1826-1835

Titles, 1834-1873

Character certificates, delivery of title (English), and orders of survey (English), 1834-1835

Survey field notes and plat atlas maps (English), 1834-1835

Receipts and Fragments, 1834-1836


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company Records, 1826-1873



Overview

Creator: Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company.
Title: Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company Records
Inclusive Dates: 1826-1836; 1862; 1872-1873
Abstract: The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company was formed in 1830 by combining the contracts of David Burnet (1788-1870), Lorenzo de Zavala (1789-1836), and Joseph Vehlein after the three empresarios had encountered difficulties in starting their colonies. The records of the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company consist of 39.1 linear feet of land titles, memoranda, and character certificates dated from 1834-1835.
Identification: AR.87.GB
Quantity: 39.1 Linear feet, (40 document boxes, 21 bound volumes)
Location: File Vault
Language: Materials written predominantly in Spanish. Some materials written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company was formed in 1830 by combining the contracts of David Burnet (1788-1870), Lorenzo de Zavala (1789-1836), and Joseph Vehlein after the three empresarios had encountered difficulties in starting their colonies. Burnet received an empresario contract in 1826 to settle 500 families northwest of Nacogdoches between the Navasota and Sabine Rivers. Vehlein received a contract in 1826 for 300 families between the San Jacinto and Sabine Rivers south from Nacogdoches—excluding twenty leagues along the coast. Another contract in 1828 for 100 families expanded the boundary to include the coast leagues. Another contract for 200 families was made in 1826, with John Woodbury as partner, but was never settled.

De Zavala received a contract in 1829 for the settlement of 500 families between Vehlein's grant and the Sabine River. The issuance of land titles in the three colonies was prevented until 1834 by the law of April 6, 1830, which prohibited the entrance of Americans into Texas. George Anthony Nixon was appointed land commissioner in 1834 and issued 258 titles under Burnet's contract, 358 titles under Vehlein's contract, and 385 titles under Zavala's contract.

For more information see the entry for Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company at the Handbook of Texas Online

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Scope and Contents note

The records of the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company consist of 39.1 linear feet of contract records, correspondence, land titles, character certificates, field notes, and plat maps, 1826-1836. There are also 2 volumes that contrain transcriptions of titles, 1862-1873. The bulk of the material consists of character certificates and land titles. The field note books take up much space, however, the 7 volumes also have field notes records from other colonies. Augmenting the field notes are the plat maps and the reference books to the colonies. Receipts and fragments contain receipts, correspondence, and fragments of unfinished paperwork.

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Arrangement note

The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company colony records contain 5 series:
1. Contract records and correspondence, 1826-1835
Because the Records are physically part of the Spanish Collection, the contract Records and correspondence are mixed in with material from other collections which accounts for the addition of 5 document boxes and 3 bound volumes while only adding 2.25 linear inches of material to the collection.
2. Titles, 1834-1835
3. Character certificates, delivery of title, and orders of survey, 1834-1835
4. Survey field notes and plat atlas maps, 1834-1835
5. Receipts and fragments, 1834-1836

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access note

Unrestricted access.

Conditions Governing Use note

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

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Index Terms

Austin, Stephen F., (Stephen Fuller), 1793-1836
Berry, Radford
Blanco, Víctor
Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870
Carter, Charles Augustus
Chirino, Encarnación
Cos, Martín Perfecto de, 1800-1854
Elozúa, Antonio, ca. 1783-1833
Falcón, José María
Flores, Vital
Garza, José Antonio de la
Garza, José Manuel de la
Letona, José María de, Governor, 1799–1832
Mason, John T.
Mier y Terán, Manuel de, 1789-1832
Músquiz, Ramón
Navarro, Jose Antonio, 1795-1871
Nixon, George A., (George Antonio), 1781-1843
Padilla, Juan Antonio, -1839
Piedras, José de las, -1839
Rueg, Henry, 1798-
Saucedo, José Antonio
Seguín, Juan Nepomuceno, 1806–1890
Ugartechea, José Domingo, -1839
Valle, Santiago del
Vehlein, Joseph
Veramendi, Juan Martín de, 1778-1833
Vidaurri y Villaseñor, Francisco, Governor
Viesca, José María
Woodbury, John Lucius
Zavala, Lorenzo de, 1788-1836
Coahuila and Texas (Mexico)--History--Sources
Emigration and immigration--Texas
Land titles--Texas
Mexico--History--1821-1860--Sources
Public records--Texas
Spanish Collection
Surveying--Texas

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company Records (AR.87.GB). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

Digital Copies

Materials have been digitized. See the Texas General Land Office Land Grant Database and input the surname of the individual grantee.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Contract records and correspondence, 1826-1835

Contract records and correspondence, 1826-1835
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/txglo/supplements/00055.pdf

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Titles, 1834-1873

Box
SC 44-47 Land titles under Burnet’s contract, 1834-1835
Volume
SC Aisle Transcribed copies of Burnet's Colony land titles, "Record of Spanish Titles, Volume IV, p. 1-617, January 21, 1862
Transcribed copies of Burnet's Colony land titles, "Record of Spanish Titles, Volume V, p. 1-122, February 25, 1862
Box Folder
SC 60 1-7 Unfinished land titles under Burnet’s contract, 1834-1835
Box
SC 48-53 Land titles under Vehlein’s contract, 1834-1835
Volume
SC Aisle Transcribed copies of Vehlein's Colony land titles, "Record of Spanish Titles, Volume V, p. 123-418, July 18, 1872-December 5, 1873
Box Folder
SC 60 8-18 Unfinished land titles under Vehlein’s contract, 1834-1835
Box
SC 54-59 Land titles under Zavala’s contract, 1834-1835
Box Folder
SC 60 19-30 Unfinished land titles under Zavala’s contract, 1834-1835

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Character certificates, delivery of title (English), and orders of survey (English), 1834-1835

General note
This is a series of files which consists mainly of character certificates and orders of survey. Generally, the character certificates attest to the good character of the settlers and may contain information on: marital status, occupation, place of origin, and date of immigration. Letters of recommendation written on behalf of the Texas settlers are also occasionally found.
Box
SC 61-64 Burnet's colony, 1834-1835
Box
SC 65-70 Vehlein's colony, 1834-1835
Box
SC 71-77 Zavala's colony, 1834-1835
Box Folder
SC 78 1-30 Miscellaneous certificates submitted during the tenure of land commissioner George A. Nixon, 1834-1835
General note
These character certificates are not connected to any titles and it is believed that land pursued by these parties was never attained.

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Survey field notes and plat atlas maps (English), 1834-1835

Volume
SC Aisle "Index to Burnets, Vehleins, Zavala's colonies", Surname index to field notes and plat atlas maps, 1834-1835
"General Land Office Reference Book to Burnet's, Vehlein's, and Zavala's colonies", 1834-1835
General note
This reference book is made of two parts. Part one is a surname index that references the survey number. The second part is a geographic index of the colonies. The book is tabbed vertically with each tab representing a waterway boundary or a region bordered by waterways, i.e. rivers and creeks. Within each tab are the grantees, the survey number, and notes about the bordering land grants.
"General Land Office Reference Book to Burnet's, Vehlein's, Zavala's and Robertson's colonies in Texas", 1834-1835
General note
This reference book is similar to the second part of the above volume but also includes Robertson's Colony. This book is also a geographic index of the colonies. The book is tabbed vertically with each tab representing a waterway boundary or a region bordered by waterways, i.e. rivers and creeks. Within each tab are the grantees, the survey number, and notes about the bordering lands.
Burnet's colony survey plat atlas maps (2 volumes), Atlas B, 1834-1835
Vehlein's colony survey plat atlas maps (2 volumes), Atlas V, 1834-1835
Zavala's colony survey plat atlas maps (2 volumes), Atlas Z, 1834-1835
English Field Notes, Book JMH-Mc-McH-TGI, undated
English Field Notes, Book GMP-FH-SCH-JAV, undated
English Field Notes, Book DB3-WR3, undated
English Field Notes, Book SAS-DB4-GWS-JWB-JWB3, undated
English Field Notes, Book J. Strobe, undated
English Field Notes, Book R-Mc, undated
English Field Notes, Book DBE-WBOS-GAN-WB3-X, undated

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Receipts and Fragments, 1834-1836

Box Folder
SC 78 33-64 Receipts for land titles and other memoranda, 1835-1836
General note
Included are requests for delivery of land titles and miscellaneous notes regarding surveying.
65-66 Government dues to the Republic of Texas, 183[?]
68-71 Fragments of testimonios and unfinished titles, 1834-1835
Form for appointing surveyors, including Instructions for surveying practices, George A. Nixon, undated [183-]

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