Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Contract records and correspondence, 1824-1834

Titles and testimonios, 1831-1840


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the De León's Colony Records, 1824-1840



Overview

Creator: Garza, José Antonio de la
Creator: León, Martin de, 1765-1833
Title: De León's Colony Records
Inclusive Dates: 1824-1840
Abstract: De León's Colony was the only empresario colony in Texas that consisted mostly of Mexican families. The Colony was established in 1824 after Martín de León (1765-1833) petitioned the provincial deputation of Texas for permission to settle forty-one families from Tamaulipas on the lower "reaches" of the Guadalupe River. The De León Colony Records consist of legal documents and correspondence dated 1831-1835. Land titles in the colony and town tracts of Victoria make up the bulk of the records.
Identification: AR.87.DL
Quantity: 1.93 Linear feet, (13 document boxes)
Location: File Vault
Language: Materials are written in Spanish.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

De León's Colony was the only empresario colony in Texas that consisted mostly of Mexican families. The Colony was established in 1824 after Martín de León (1765-1833) petitioned the provincial deputation of Texas for permission to settle forty-one families from Tamaulipas on the lower "reaches" of the Guadalupe River. Although boundaries were not established as part of the contract, the colony occupied an area between the Lavaca and Nueces Rivers. A subsequent contract in 1829 allowed for the addition of another 150 families. From 1825 until de León's death in 1833, conflicts arose repeatedly between de León and the neighboring colonies of Green DeWitt and Power and Hewetson over the colony boundaries and other issues.

The city of Guadalupe Victoria (present Victoria) was also founded by de León.

The land commissioner, Fernando de León issued 102 land titles for De León's Colony and 59 titles for town lots in the city of Guadalupe Victoria.

For more information, see the entry for De León's Colony at the Handbook of Texas Online.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The De León Colony Records consist of legal documents and correspondence dated from 1831 to 1835. Land titles in the colony and town tracts of Victoria make up the bulk of the records, with a small amount of correspondence regarding the establishment of the colony.

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Arrangement

De León's Colony Records are arranged into 2 series:
1. Contract records and correspondence, 1824-1834 contain letters and other documents regarding the establishment of the colony.
2. Titles and testimonios, 1831-1840 are arranged in chronological order.
Because the Records are physically part of the Spanish Collection, the contract records, correspondence, and testimonios are mixed in with material from other collections which accounts for the addition of 9 document boxes while only adding 4.75 linear inches of material to the collection.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

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Index Terms

Alamán, Lucas, 1792-1853
Arciniega, Miguel, Commissioner
Arizpe, José Ignacio de, Governor
Barberena, José Manuel
DeWitt, Green, 1737-1835
Eca y Múzquiz, Rafael, Governor
Elozúa, Antonio, ca. 1783-1833
Garza, José Manuel de la
Gonzales, Rafael, Governor
Hewetson, James, ca. 1797-1870
Kerr, James
Letona, José María de, Governor, 1799–1832
León, Fernando de, 1798-1853
Manchola, Rafael A.
Mier y Terán, Manuel de, 1789-1832
Músquiz, Ramón
Músquiz, Ramón
Navarro, Jose Antonio, 1795-1871
Power, James, ca. 1788–1852
Saucedo, José Antonio
Valle, Santiago del
Veramendi, Juan Martín de, 1778-1833
Viesca, José María
Ximénez, Manuel
Coahuila and Texas (Mexico)--History--Sources
De Leon's Colony (Tex.)
Emigration and immigration--Texas
Land titles--Texas
Mexico--History--1821-1860--Sources
Public records--Texas
Spanish Collection
Surveying--Texas
Texas--Victoria

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. De León's Colony Records (AR.87.DL). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

Digital Copies

Materials have been digitized. See the Texas General Land Office Land Grant Database and input the surname of the individual grantee.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Contract records and correspondence, 1824-1834

Contract records and correspondence, 1824-1834
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/txglo/supplements/00054.pdf

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Titles and testimonios, 1831-1840

Box
SC 98-SC 100 Titles, 1833-1835
Box Folder
SC 100 17-35; 45-57 Unfinished titles, 1833-1835
Box Folder
SC 97 2 Title to town tract of Guadalupe Victoria, July 29, 1835
3-61 Titles to Guadalupe Victoria town lots, 1833-1835
Box Folder
SC 100 36-44 Unifinished titles to Victoria town lots 1834-1835
Box Folder
SC 131 2-9 Testimonios, 1838-1840
Box Folder
SC 132 1-2, 11, 13, 15, 20-21 Testimonios, 1838-1840
Box Folder
SC 133 1-3 Testimonios, 1838-1840

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