Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents note

Arrangement note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Act of 1879 classifications, 1880

Act of 1883 classifications, 1883-1887

Act of 1887 classifications, 1887-1895

Act of 1887 Office Supplements, 1888-1897

Act of 1887 corrected classifications, 1893-1894

Act of 1895 classifications, 1895-1897

Acts of 1895-1897 classifications (containing both within a volume), 1897

Act of 1897 corrected classifications, 1898-1899

Act of 1899 State Agent Reports, 1899

Act of 1900 classifications, 1900-1904

Act of 1901 classifications, 1901

Act of 1905 classifications, 1905-1907

Act of 1907 classifications, 1907-1924

Act of 1913 classifications, 1913-1916

Forfeiture classifications, 1898-1927

University Lands classifications, 1890-1929

Transcribed Act of 1887 classifications (3 volumes), undated

Transcribed Act of 1887 classifications (10 volumes), undated

List of Unsold Public School Land, 1920s-1960s


Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

A Guide to the School Land Classification and Reappraisment Records, 1880-1960s



Overview

Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Title: School Land Classification and Reappraisment
Inclusive Dates: 1880-1960s
Abstract: Classifications and reappraisments for school, university and asylums lands were undertaken to determine the value of the lands for sale or lease. Lands were classified and valued based on their natural attributes: agricultural, grazing, timbered, and mineral. Agricultural and grazing lands were further subdivided into watered or dry. The School Land Classification and Reappraisment Records consist of 202 bound volumes and one unbound volume housed in 3 oversized boxes. The Records document work done by different GLO groups at different times from the end of the 19th century through the 1960s.
Identification: AR.3
Quantity: 177.0 Linear feet, (202 bound volumes, 7 oversized boxes)
Location: File Vault, OVR: Patent Room; OVR: Administrative Records Aisle
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas General Land Office, Archives & Records

Historical Note

School land classifications for the entire state were undertaken beginning in 1883 with the passage of an Act providing for the classification, sale and lease of school and asylum lands (Acts 1883, 18th R.S.,ch. 88, General Laws of Texas).

Prior to the Act of 1883, appraisal was done by the county surveyor and valuation could be changed by the county commissioners (Acts 1879, 16th 1st C.S.,ch. 28, General Laws of Texas).

Agents appointed by the Land Commissioner classified the Public School, University and Asylum Lands by their natural attributes by which the General Land Office could then determine the value of the land for sale or lease. Lands were classified as agricultural, grazing, timbered, and mineral. Agricultural and grazing lands were further subdivided into watered or dry.

Other legislation followed throughout the years directing the GLO to re-classify and reappraise the remaining unsold school and asylum lands.

Acts 1887, 20th R.S., p.83,ch. 99, General Laws of Texas Revision of the Act of 1883.

Acts 1895, 24th R.S., p.63,ch. 47, General Laws of Texas Revision of the 1887 Act lowering the price and interest rate of all school lands.

Acts 1897, 25th R.S., p.184,ch. 129, General Laws of Texas Revision of the Civil Statues related to classifications.

Acts 1899, 26th R.S., p.173,ch. 104, General Laws of Texas "Providing for the recovery for the depredation upon timber and for the use or occupancy without lawful authority, and to prevent the free use and unlawful enclosure of any of the public lands owned or held in trust by the State."

Acts 1900, 26th 1st C.S.,ch. 11, General Laws of Texas Reclassification of certain lands to school lands generating income for the Permanent School Fund.

Acts 1901, 27th R.S.,ch. 88, General Laws of Texas Amending section 6 of the 1900 Act.

Acts 1901, 27th R.S.,ch. 125, General Laws of Texas Revision of 1895 Act increasing the amount an individual could purchase from 1 to 4 sections, requiring 1/40th down payment and cutting the interest rate to 3 percent per annum. Sales made first come, first served. Repealed in 1905.

Acts 1905, 29th R.S.,ch. 103, General Laws of Texas "Provide for the sale and lease of the public free school and asylum lands, and to charge certain fees incident thereto." Increased the amount an individual could purchase from 4 to 8 sections, increased the interest rate to 5 percent per annum. Sales made to highest bidder.

Acts 1907, 30th 1st C.S.,ch. 20, General Laws of Texas Amendment to Sec. 5 & 6 of the Act of 1905 changing the amount of land an individual could purchase in select West Texas counties.

Acts 1913, 33rd R.S.,ch. 160, General Laws of Texas "Provides that owners of public school lands which have been forfeited for non-payment of interest may re-purchase." The Act also created a Board of Appraisers.

Acts 1915, 34th R.S.,ch. 150, General Laws of Texas Relating to sale of school lands in 15 select West Texas Counties.

Acts 1919, 36th R.S.,ch. 163, General Laws of Texas Revising the Civil Statutes of 1911 and directing the GLO to revalue and reclassify the unsold lands included in this Act.

Acts 1925, 39th R.S.,ch. 94, General Laws of Texas Revaluation Act of 1925.

Acts 1926, 39th 1st C.S.,ch. 25, General Laws of Texas As amended in 1926.

Acts 1937, 45th R.S.,ch. 332, General Laws of Texas Revaluation Act of 1937.

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Scope and Contents note

The School Land Classification and Reappraisment Records consist of 202 bound volumes and one unbound volume housed in 3 oversized boxes. The Records document work done by different GLO groups at different times from the end of the 19th century through the 1960s.

The ledgers record section and block; part of section; certificate number, original grantee; watered or dry; agriculture, grazing, timbered or mineral; price per acre; remarks; and in some cases, the file number.

The handwritten ledgers were bound in the 2000s often with inaccurate and misleading spine labels. It is incumbent upon the researcher to know which Act the desired volume falls under in addition to its volume label.

The 55 handwritten classification ledgers created by the Act of 1887 classify public free school, asylum and university lands. It appears that there was more than one agent working a county as some information is duplicated in separate volumes covering the same counties. In addition to classifications, forfeitures are noted either along with the classification or in a separate section within a county.

The 6 Agent Reports of the 1899 Act contain the same information as the other classification ledgers and also include correspondence between lease holder and the GLO.

There are two sets of classification ledgers that were transcribed from the handwritten ledgers. There are 2 copies of a 3-volume set that transcribes the original 1887 classifications into single typed lines leaving out any remarks or notes from the original.

There are 2 copies of a later 10-volume set that captures classifications done through the 1960s. In addition to the 2 copies, there is a third copy of Books 1 & 2 of the 10-volume set.

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Arrangement note

Individual volumes are arranged alphabetically by county. Then by block in no particular order, then by section sequentially.
Groups of volumes are arranged by the most recent Act by the Texas Legislature governing the sale and lease of school lands.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access note

Unrestricted access.

Conditions Governing Use note

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

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Index Terms

Permanent School Fund (Texas)
School lands
Texas. Available School Fund

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

[Short title of Document], [Date: Day-Month-Year]. Box [#], Folder [#], p. [#]. School Land Classification and Reappraisment Records (AR.3). Archives and Records Program, Texas General Land Office, Austin.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Act of 1879 classifications, 1880

Volume
[no spine label] El Paso, 1880

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Act of 1883 classifications, 1883-1887

Volume
W-2 (mislabeled Act 1895) Austin-Wood 1883-1887

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Act of 1887 classifications, 1887-1895

Volume
A-B Anderson-Burnet, 1888-1889
Anderson-Burnet, 1887-1892
Volume
Bandera-Brazoria Bandera-Brazoria, 1890-1896
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Borden, 1887
Volume
C-1 Caldwell-Collingsworth, 1888-1892
Caldwell-Childress, 1888-1892
Volume
C-2 Collingsworth-Crosby, 1888-1890
Oversized Box
OVR 1 Concho, 1887
Volume
C-3 Crockett-Crosby, 1888-1892
Volume
Callahan-Duval Callahan-Duval, 1888-1890
Volume
3-A Clay-Crane, 1890-1892
Volume
D Dallam-Duval, 1888-1890
Dallam-Duval, 1887-1891
Oversized Box
OVR 3 Deaf Smith, 1887
Volume
E Eastland-Erath, 1888-1890
Volume
E-1 Eastland-Edwards, 1888-1893
Volume
E-Z El Paso-Erath, 1888-1891
Volume
F Fannin-Frio, 1888-1892
Volume
F-G Fannin-Guadalupe, 1888-1891
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Fisher, 1887
Oversized Box
OVR 2 Floyd, 1887
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Garza, 1887
Volume
9A Garza-Guadalupe, 1888-1893
Oversized Box
OVR 2 Hale, 1887
Volume
H Hale-Hutchinson, 1889-1891
Volume
H-1 Hale-Hansford, 1888-1892
Volume
H-Z Hardeman-Hardin, 1888-1893
Volume
H-3 Harris-Hutchinson, 1888-1893
Volume
H-K Hutchinson-Kent 1888-1890
Volume
I-Jefferson Irion-Jefferson 1888-1893
Volume
Jeff Davis-Jones Jeff Davis-Jones, 1888-1893
Volume
K Kaufman-Knox 1888-1893
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Kent, 1887
Volume
J-K Jack-Knox, 1888-1892
Volume
L Lamar-Lynn, 1888-1890
Lamar-Lynn, 1888-1892
Volume
M Martin-Motley, 1888-1891
Volume
M-1 Marion-Midland, 1888-1892
Volume
M-Z Milam-Motley, 1887-1892
Milam-Motley, 1888-1893
Volume
N-O Nacogdoches-Orange, 1888-1892
Volume
N.O.P. Nacogdoches-Presidio, 1888-1890
Oversized Box
OVR 1 Nolan, 1887
Oversized Box
OVR 3 Oldham, 1887
Volume
P-1 Palo Pinto-Pecos, 1888-1892
Volume
P-2 Polk-Presidio, 1887-1892
Oversized Box
OVR 3 Potter, 1887
Oversized Box
OVR 2 Presidio, 1887
Volume
R Randall-Runnels, 1888-1891
Raines-Runnels, 1888-1892
Oversized Box
OVR 2 Runnels, 1887
Volume
S-1-A Sabine-Schleicher, 1888-1889
Volume
S-1-B Schleicher-Scurry, 1888-1892
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Scurry, 1887
Volume
S-Z Shackelford-Swisher, 1888-1892
Oversized Box
OVR 2 Stephens, 1887
Oversized Box
OVR 4 Stonewall, 1887
Volume
T Tarrant-Tyler, 1888-1890
Volume
T-1 Tarrant-Tyler 1888-1892
Volume
T-Z Tom Green, 1892
Oversized Box
OVR 1 Tom Green, 1887
Volume
U-V Upton-Victoria, 1888-1892
Upshur-Victoria 1887-1892
Volume
W-1 Walker-Wilbarger, 1888-1892
Volume
W-Z (mislabeled Act 1895) Waller-Zavala, 1888-1891
Volume
Y-Z Yoakum-Zavala; 1888-1892
Supplementary Parts in multiple counties, 1888-1892
Volume
A-Z Supplementary: Armstrong-Wise, 1894
Volume
A-Z Supplementary Supplementary: Bandera-Wichita, 1895

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Act of 1887 Office Supplements, 1888-1897

Volume
1 Armstrong-Crockett, 1890-1897
Volume
3 Edwards-Hamilton 1890-1897
Volume
5 King-Nolan, 1890-1897
Volume
6 Newton-Raines, 1888-1897
Volume
P-S Potter-Stephens, 1888-1897
Volume
5 Sabine-Swisher, 1888
Volume
Act 1894 Shackelford-Webb, 1890-1897
Volume
9 Wharton-Zavala, 1890-1897
Various counties continued from other volumes, 1890-1897

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Act of 1887 corrected classifications, 1893-1894

Volume
1 Angelina-Wise, 1893-1894

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Act of 1895 classifications, 1895-1897

Volume
A-Z Archer-Young, 1895
Armstrong-Zavala, 1895
General note
Includes University and Asylum lands after Zavala County.
Archer-Zavala, 1896
Volume
C-1 Coke-Zapata, 1897

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Acts of 1895-1897 classifications (containing both within a volume), 1897

Volume
E-K Eastland-Jones, 1897
Volume
K-P Kendall-Presidio, 1897
Volume
R-Z Randall-Zavala, 1897

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Act of 1897 corrected classifications, 1898-1899

Volume
A-E Angelina-Ector, 1898
Volume
E-J Eastland-Jones, 1898
Volume
El Paso-Erath (mislabeled Act 1898) El Paso, 1898
El Paso-Erath, 1898
Volume
K-O Kendall-Orange, 1898
Volume
P-Z Palo Pinto-Zapata, 1898
Volume
A-H Angelina-Hutchinson, 1899
Volume
I-Z Irion-Zavala, 1899

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Act of 1899 State Agent Reports, 1899

Volume
Crockett-Edwards-Pecos-Sutton-Upton-Val Verde Crockett, Edwards, Pecos, Sutton, Upton, Val Verde, 1903
Volume
Pecos-Reeves Pecos, Reeves, 1904
Volume
Brewster-El Paso Brewster, El Paso, 1904-1905
Volume
Jeff Davis-Pecos-Presidio Jeff Davis, Pecos, Presidio, 1905-1906
Volume
[spine label lost] Presidio-Winkler, 1906-1907
Volume
On Sundry Counties Dimmit-Zavala, 1906-1907

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Act of 1900 classifications, 1900-1904

Volume
A-Z Archer-Young, January 1900-March 16, 1900
Archer-Wharton, March 16-May 20, 1900
Volume
"1900" Angelina-Uvalde, May 21, 1900-July 31, 1900
Volume
A-Z Angelina-Wilbarger, August 1, 1900-November 22, 1900
Anderson-Zavala, November 23, 1900-June 1, 1901
Angelina-Young, June-December, 1901
Volume
A-E (mislabeled Act 1901) Anderson-Erath December 2, 1901-June 30, 1902
Volume
F-Z (mislabeled Act 1901) Fisher-Zavala, December 2, 1901-June 30, 1902
Volume
A-G Andrews-Guadalupe, July 1, 1902-December 31, 1902
Volume
H-R Hale-Rusk, July 1, 1902-December 31, 1902
Volume
S-Z Sabine-Young, July 1, 1902-December 31, 1902
Volume
A-Z Angelina-Young, January 1, 1903-March 31, 1903
Volume
A-M Borden-Midland, January 1, 1903-March 31, 1903
Volume
N-Z Schleicher-Upton, January 1, 1903-March 31, 1903
Volume
A-E Anderson-Erath, April 1, 1903-August 31, 1903
Volume
F-P Fisher-Presidio, April 1, 1903-August 31, 1903
Volume
R-Z Randall-Zavala, April 1, 1903-August 31, 1903
Volume
A-L Anderson-Lynn, September 1, 1903-December 31, 1903
Volume
M-Z Maverick-Zapata, September 1, 1903-December 31, 1903
Volume
A-K Anderson-Knox, January 1, 1904-June 30, 1904
Anderson-Knox, July 1, 1904-December 31, 1904
Volume
L-Z Lamar-Wood, 1904
Lamb-Zapata, 1904

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Act of 1901 classifications, 1901

Volume
Andrews-Burnet Andrews-Burnet, 1901
Volume
Anderson-Brewster Anderson-Brewster, 1901
Volume
Brewster Brewster, November 30, 1901
Brewster, November 30, 1901
Volume
Briscoe-Crosby Briscoe-Crosby, 1901
Volume
C-E Callahan-Ellis, 1901
Volume
Dallam-Ellis Dallam-Ellis, 1901
Volume
El Paso El Paso, (non-school land) November 30, 1901
El Paso, 1901
El Paso, 1901
Volume
El Paso 2 El Paso, 1901
Volume
Erath-Lynn Erath-Lynn 1901
Volume
Fannin-Harrison Fannin-Harrison, 1901
Volume
Hartley-Jeff Davis Hartley-Jeff Davis, 1901
Volume
Jeff Davis Jeff Davis, November 30, 1901
Volume
Hartley-Knox Jeff Davis-Knox, 1901
Volume
L-M Lamar-Menard, 1901
Volume
Midland-Panola Midland-Motley, 1901
Volume
Marion-Potter Marion-Polk, 1901
Volume
Pecos Pecos, November 30, 1901
Volume
Pecos-Potter Pecos-Potter, 1901
Volume
Presidio Presidio, 1901
Volume
65 Presidio-Refugio, 1901
Volume
L-Z Presidio-Swisher 1901
Volume
Reeves Reeves, 1901
Volume
R-T Roberts-Terry, 1901
Volume
Terry Terry-Zavala, 1901
Volume
Throckmorton-Val Verde Throckmorton-Val Verde, 1901
Volume
Van Zandt-Zavala Van Zandt-Zavala, 1901

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Act of 1905 classifications, 1905-1907

Volume
A-G (mislabeled Act 1901) Anderson-Gray, 1905
Volume
H-P (mislabeled Act 1901) Hale-Presidio, 1905
Volume
R-2 Rains-Zavala, 1905
Volume
A-J Anderson-Jeff Davis, January-May, 1906
Volume
K-Z Kent-Zavala, January-May, 1906
Volume
A-J Anderson-Jefferson, April 1, 1906-October 31, 1906
Volume
K-Z Kaufman-Zapata, April 1, 1906-October 31, 1906
Volume
A-G Andrews-Gaines, November 1, 1906-April 3, 1907
Volume
H-P Hall-Presidio, November 1, 1906-April 3, 1907
Volume
R-Z Reeves-Zavala, November 1, 1906-April 3, 1907
Volume
A-D Andrews-Duval, April 4, 1907-December 31, 1907
Volume
E-J Eastland-Jones, April 4, 1907-December 31, 1907
Volume
K-R Kendall-Rusk, April 4, 1907-December 31, 1907
Volume
S-Z Sabine-Zavala, April 4, 1907-December 31, 1907

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Act of 1907 classifications, 1907-1924

Volume
Andrews-Pecos Andrews-Pecos, 1907
Volume
A-E Anderson-Erath, 1908
Volume
F-R Floyd-Rusk, 1908
Volume
S-Z Sabine-Zavala, 1908
Volume
A-K Anderson-Kinney, 1909
Volume
L-Z Lamar-Zavala, 1909
Volume
A-L Andrews-Lynn, 1910
Volume
M-Z Marion-Zavala, 1910
Volume
A-Z Anderson-Zavala, 1911
Andrews-Zapata, 1912
Anderson-Zavala, 1913
Anderson-Zavala, 1914
Anderson-Zavala, 1915
Andrews-Zavala, 1916
Andrews-Young, 1917
Andrews-Zapata, 1918-1919
Andrews-Yoakum, 1923-1924

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Act of 1913 classifications, 1913-1916

Volume
A-E Andrews-El Paso, 1913
Volume
Gaines-Terrell Gaines-Terrell, 1913
Volume
Terry-Yoakum Terry-Yoakum, 1913
Volume
Appraisement Andrews-Yoakum, 1915-1916

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Forfeiture classifications, 1898-1927

Volume
A-Z Archer-Taylor, 1898-1899
Volume
Andrews-Yoakum Andrews-Yoakum, 1926-1927
Volume
Lands Forfeited Andrews-Yoakum, July, 1927
Volume
Lands Formerly Forfeited Andrews-Yoakum, August, 1927

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University Lands classifications, 1890-1929

Volume
10 Act of 1887: Andrews-Ward 1890-1897
Volume
A-W Act of 1913: Andrews-Winkler, 1914
Volume
3 University leases, 1923-1929

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Transcribed Act of 1887 classifications (3 volumes), undated

Volume
Book 1 Anderson-El Paso (Counties 1-71), undated
Volume
Book 2 Erath-Parmer (Counties 72-185), undated
Volume
Book 3 Pecos-Zavala (Counties 186-254), undated
Ghost Counties: Buchel 502, Encinal 504, Foley 505, undated

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Transcribed Act of 1887 classifications (10 volumes), undated

Volume
Book 1 Anderson-Brazos (Counties 1-21), undated
Volume
Book 2 Brewster (County 22), undated
Volume
Book 3 Briscoe-Crockett (Counties 23-53), undated
Volume
Book 4 Crosby-Ellis (Counties 54-70), undated
Volume
Book 5 El Paso (County 71), undated
Volume
Book 6 Erath-Kenedy (Counties 72-131), undated
Volume
Book 7 Kent-Parmer (Counties 132-185), undated
Volume
Book 8 Pecos-Red River (Counties 186-194), undated
Volume
Book 9 Reeves-Titus (Counties 195-225), undated
Volume
Book 10 Tom Green-Zavala (Counties 226-254), undated
Ghost Counties: Tom Green (part now Reagan County) 500, Buchel 502, Encinal 504, Foley 505, undated

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List of Unsold Public School Land, 1920s-1960s

Oversized Box
OS 95 Anderson-Culberson, 1920s
Oversized Box
OS 96 Dallam-Presidio, 1920s
Oversized Box
OS 97 Reagan-Zavala, 1920s
Oversized Box
OVR 5 Unsold surveyed public free school land [front of volume reads, "Exploration Div.", 1960s
Unsold surveyed public free school land [front of volume reads, "Chief Clerk", 1960s

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