Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Capital News Service:

An Inventory of Texas Capital News Service Records at the Texas State Archives, 1920-1941, undated, bulk 1939-1941



Overview

Creator: Texas Capital News Service.
Title: Texas Capital News Service records
Dates: 1920-1941, undated
Dates: bulk 1939-1941
Abstract: The Texas Capital News Service (TCNS) was an independent news bureau located in Austin, Texas, that provided editorials and reports on state governmental affairs from the mid-1930s to the early 1940s. Records of its operations are dated from 1920 to 1941; some items are undated, with the bulk dated from 1939 to 1941. Along with a large amount of state government press releases and reports from the time period 1939 to 1941, records also include correspondence with the editors of TCNS, speech transcripts from Texas politicians, pamphlets, newsletters, newspaper clippings, Texas state agency meeting minutes, advertisement materials, drafts of TCNS newsletters, handwritten and typed reference notes, photographs, and completed TCNS news release sheets. The materials were used by TCNS to gather information on the actions of Texas state agencies, bureaus, courts, universities, and other relevant organizations. In addition to creating its own newsletters and news release sheets, TCNS news articles also appeared in newspapers located in various regions in the state of Texas. The records are mostly comprised of research materials used by TCNS in its news reporting process.
Quantity: 2.23 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with scattered Spanish throughout.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

History of the Texas Capital News Service

Founded in 1935, the Texas Capital News Service (TCNS) operated as an independent news agency in Austin, Texas, providing coverage on subjects ranging from Texas state affairs to high school and university sports. Prior to opening the news service, S. Deane Wasson and Ruth Talbot Wasson (a husband and wife team) had a combined 43 years of experience in reporting, editing, and publishing. Correspondence in the collection reveals that TCNS publications were usually provided to media across the state, with S. Deane Wasson often soliciting editorial space within other newspaper columns. Its running editorial feature "The State of the State" was published as a by-line in papers such as the San Antonio Express, Brownsville Herald, El Paso Times, Colorado County Citizen, South Texas Citizen, Eastland Record, Oak Cliff Tribune, and Jacksonville Journal, among others. In its early years, TCNS ran on a "Six Point Service Model" which is defined as its areas of coverage. This service model covered news related to Texas state affairs, general interest pieces, and investigative special assignments, as well as analyses on state affairs records, printing of news photographs, and its editorial feature "The State of the State." Coverage of state affairs includes events such as campaign speeches by Texas Governor Miriam Ferguson. The scope of the news service expanded in 1939, with an announcement that TCNS would begin a new "TCNS Exclusive NEWS Feature." This feature ran stories of general interest related to Texas subjects, and often covered news on university affairs, most often concerning Texas A&M University and the University of Texas at Austin. It appears that the Texas Capital News Service ceased publication about 1942.

(Sources include: Texas Capital News Service Release Sheets dated July 10 and October 23, 1939; and the records themselves.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Capital News Service (TCNS) records document the research practices and newspaper publications of a small Texas news service that collected and published information on the operations of state agencies, bureaus, courts, universities, and other relevant organizations. The records date from 1920 to 1941, with the bulk of items dating between 1939 and 1941. The records include reports and press releases from state-affiliated entities and also correspondence, speeches, pamphlets, newsletters, news clippings, state meeting minutes, advertisement mats, and TCNS drafts, notes, photographs, and completed release sheets. Correspondence highlights the day-to-day operations of the agency, with subjects such as requests to non-TCNS editors to run the agency's features as well as conversations around the cost of advertising and revised drafts of the newsletter publications. Records also include printed speeches by Texas governors Miriam Ferguson, James Ferguson, and Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O’Daniel, and by Texas Railroad Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson, all likely used by TCNS staff when writing articles on state affairs.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


Organization of the Records

The records are organized into six series:
Correspondence, 1920-1941, bulk 1940-1941, 0.1 cubic ft.
Release sheets, 1939-1940, fractional
Advertising materials, 1934-1941, 0.12 cubic ft.
Reference notes and drafts, 1925-1941, undated, fractional
Research files, 1926-1941, undated, bulk 1939-1941, 1.75 cubic ft.
Photographs, 1939-1940, undated, 0.26 cubic ft. (43 images)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Several newspaper clippings are too large to photocopy; please contact Archives staff for copy options.

Researchers are required to use gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic material.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Ferguson, James Edward, 1871-1944.
Ferguson, Miriam Amanda, 1875-1961.
O'Daniel, W. Lee (Wilbert Lee), 1890-1969.
Thompson, Ernest O. (Ernest Othmer), 1892-1966.
Baldwin, Ruth Talbot, 1898-1980.
Wasson, S. Deane, 1891-1956.
Subjects (Organizations):
Texas. Highway Commission.
Texas. Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission.
Texas A&M University.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
News agencies--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government, 1935-1950.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas.
Reports--Texas.
Photographs--Texas.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Minnesota newspaper morgue files, 1923-1946, 0.48 cubic ft.
Railroad Commission Commissioners' records, 1898-1901, 1906-1908, 1916, 1920-1966, bulk about 1930-about 1960, 10.3 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James Edward Ferguson records, 1915-1918, 1920, bulk 1915-1917, 8.24 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Miriam Amanda Ferguson records, 1912-1935, bulk 1924-1927, 1933-1935, 42.09 cubic ft.
Texas Governor W. Lee O'Daniel records, 1938-1941, undated, bulk 1939-1941, 73.79 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Capital News Service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1942/008

The Texas Capital News Service records were donated to the Texas State Library and Historical Commission by S. Deane Wasson in October 1941.

Processing Information

Foldered by unknown Archives staff, dates unknown

Additional processing and finding aid created by University of Texas at Austin School of Information students Mohammad Haian Abdirahman and Chris Stenftenagel, July 2016


Detailed Description of the Records

Correspondence, 1920-1941, bulk 1940-1941,
0.1 cubic ft.

Correspondence was created by Texas Capital News Service (TCNS) editor S. Deane Wasson when negotiating advertising and distribution arrangements between TCNS and various Texas newspapers. Wasson also received invitations to media social events and sent written requests for photos to be included in news stories. The correspondence is dated 1920-1941, bulk 1940-1941.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by correspondence type and chronologically within each type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Texas Capital News Service records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1942/008-1 Letters sent to editors of TCNS, 1920-1941
Correspondence sent by the editors of TCNS, 1940-1941



Release sheets, 1939-1940,
fractional

Release sheets were created by the Texas Capital News Service to report on state of Texas news and events. They include news features, photographs, editorials, investigations, and reports of Texas state agency publications. These release sheets were distributed to newspaper publishers across the state and are dated 1939-1940.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Release sheets, Texas Capital News Service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1942/008-1 TCNS releases, 1939-1940



Advertising materials, 1934-1941,
0.12 cubic ft.

These advertising materials were created and collected by the Texas Capital News Service and consist of paper, cardboard, and metal advertising mats, dating 1934-1941. Also included are blank cardboard mounts used to protect metal advertisements from damage while in transport.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by document type and within type by date.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Advertising materials, Texas Capital News Service records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1942/008-1 TCNS mats, 1934-1941

[2 folders]
Advertisements sent to TCNS editors, 1934-1941

[2 folders]



Reference notes and drafts, 1925-1941, undated,
fractional

Reference notes and drafts consist of handwritten notes created by Texas Capital News Service editor S. Deane Wasson as part of his news gathering process, accompanied by typewritten drafts of TCNS stories and editorials, dating 1925-1941, undated. Included on the handwritten notes are lists of contact names and addresses, notes on various legislative bills and state agency proceedings, and advertising rate calculations. The typewritten drafts created by S. Deane Wasson include "State of the State" editorials and a story on cotton market conditions that was copyrighted in 1925.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged roughly in chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reference notes and drafts, Texas Capital News Service records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1942/008-1 Notes and rough drafts, 1925-1941, undated



Research files, 1926-1941, undated, bulk 1939-1941,
1.75 cubic ft.

Research files gathered by the Texas Capital News Service staff were used in the writing of editorials, newsletters, release sheets, and other agency publications. The bulk of these records consist of press releases, pamphlets, speeches, and minutes, dating 1926-1941 and undated, bulk 1939-1941.
Arrangement
Materials are grouped by document type and are generally arranged chronologically within each separate folder.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Research files, Texas Capital News Service records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Several newspaper clippings are too large to photocopy; please contact Archives staff for copy options.
Box
1942/008-1 Pamphlets, government agency releases, 1926-1941
Pamphlets, 1928-1941, undated
Box
1942/008-2 Newsletters sent to TCNS, 1940-1941
Press releases, State Supreme Court, 1940-1941
Press releases, Texas educational agencies, 1939-1941, undated
Press releases, Department of Agriculture, 1940-1941, undated
Press releases, Fire Insurance Department; Texas Department of Health, 1941, undated
Speeches, Miriam and James Ferguson, Ernest O. Thompson 1940
General press releases, 1939-1941, undated
Texas Bureau of Public Opinion papers, 1940
Press releases, Attorney General's Office, 1939-1941
General press releases, House and Senate, 1935-1941, undated
Box
1942/008-3 Press releases, General Land Office, 1940-1941
Governor W. Lee O'Daniel releases, 1939-1941
Minutes of the Texas State Highway Commission, 1940-1941
General press releases, Highway Commission, 1940-1941
Printed releases, Texas Highway Department, 1940-1941
[2 folders]
Printed releases, Highway Department, 1940-1941
Information for the Press, Texas Highway Department, 1939-1941
Press releases, Department of the Interior, 1941
Press releases, Treasury, 1940-1941
Press releases, Executive Department, 1940-1941, undated
Box
1942/008-4 "Side Glance on Texas History," UT press release, undated
UT News Service releases, 1932-1941, undated
[2 folders]
Press releases, Texas A&M, 1940-1941
[2 folders]
Press releases, Rice Institute, 1940
Texas Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission bulletins, 1939-1941
Press releases, Texas Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission, undated
[2 folders]
Press releases, Railroad Commission, 1939-1941, undated
Press releases, Selective Service System, 1940-1941
Newspaper clippings, 1931-1941, undated



Photographs, 1939-1940, undated, bulk 1939-1940,
0.26 cubic ft. (43 images)

This series consists of black-and-white photographs of people, places, and events in Texas, made by or for the Texas Capital News Service, dating 1939-1940 and undated. The persons, subjects, and locales pictured include Dr. Carlos Castañeda, the Texas State Textbook Committee and Texas State Board of Education, student life at Texas A&M University, women from the University of Texas welcoming a cadet pilot in Austin, recreational facilities and swimming pools around the state, and the George C. Childress monument in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas. Also included are aerial photographs of Texas Memorial Stadium on Thanksgiving Day in 1940 during the University of Texas and Texas A&M football game.
Arrangement
Photographs are arranged alphabetically by location name (city where the photographs were taken).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Photographs, Texas Capital News Service records, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to use gloves when reviewing photographic material.
Box Photo
PP0092 1942/008-1 Carlos Eduardo Castaneda sitting in University of Texas Latin American Collection, 1940
[5 x 3.5 in. photograph]
1942/008-2 Carlos Eduardo Castaneda, with Jose Moreno and Margarita Studhalter, sitting in University of Texas Latin American Collection, 1940
[5 x 4.5 in. photograph]
1942/008-3 Two identical aerial photos of Tom Miller Dam on Colorado River during dedication, April 1939
[4.5 x 6.5 in. photograph]
1942/008-4 State Board of Education and staff in Austin, 1939
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-5 Textbook publishers and their representatives waiting to see the State Board of Education, 1939
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-6 Texas State Textbook Committee, 1939
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-7 thru 9 Printed image from TCNS Exclusive News Features release sheet, 1939
[2.5 x 6 in. photoengraving]
[Image is a composite newsprint of images 1942/008-4, 1942/008-5, and 1942/008-6, respectively.]
Box Photo
PPH004 1942/008-10 Ernest J. Boyett of Junction, Sergeant-at-arms of the Texas Legislature, 1939
[3 x 2 in. newsprint photograph]
[Photograph appears on TCNS Exclusive News Features release sheet dated October 23, 1939.]
1942/008-11 Ted R. Dawson, guard on University of Texas football team, 1939
[4.5 x 2 in. newsprint photograph]
[Photograph appears on TCNS Exclusive News Features release sheet dated October 23, 1939.]
Box Photo
PPB009 1942/008-12 Cadet D.S. Seeds at Municipal Airport greeting University of Texas co-eds: Margaret Carlisle, Elizabeth Toline, Gloria Obar, Virginia Ford, Jane Jester, Betty Park, Ann Barrier, and Kay Abernathy, 1939
[11 x 14 in. photograph]
Box Photo
PP0092 1942/008-13 Cadet D.S. Seeds with University of Texas co-eds, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-14 Cadet D.S. Seeds with University of Texas co-ed Gloria Obar, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-15 Cadet D.S. Seeds with University of Texas co-ed Gloria Obar, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-16 Aerial photo of Texas Memorial Stadium on Thanksgiving Day, November 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-17 Aerial photo of Texas Memorial Stadium on Thanksgiving Day, November 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-18 ROTC students standing near an artillery gun at Texas A&M, 1939
[6 X 8.5 in. photograph]
1942/008-19 ROTC students practicing marksmanship on the rifle range at Texas A&M, 1939
[8 x 9 in. photograph]
1942/008-20 ROTC students on horse drawn caissons after field artillery drill at Texas A&M, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-21 ROTC cadets drilling with a mobile anti-aircraft gun at Texas A&M, 1939
[6.5 x 9 in. photograph]
1942/008-22 ROTC cadets attending a theory class in the Coast Artillery Corps military training course at Texas A&M, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-23 ROTC cadets attending a classroom lecture given by Major R. E. Hill at Texas A&M, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-24 ROTC cadets and pistol team members holding handguns and posing with trophy at Texas A&M, 1939
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-25 Texas A&M water polo coach Arthur Adamson with team captain Johnny Couch, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-26 Texas A&M cadets standing by side of the highway to hitchhike home, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-27 Texas A&M cadets standing by side of the highway to hitchhike home, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-28 Texas A&M Aggieland Dance Orchestra in formal wear, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-29 Replica of the Liberty Bell at Texas A&M, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-30 Texas A&M academic building and campus grounds, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-31 thru 35 Recreational activities and facilities at Cuero Municipal Park, 1940
[five trimmed photographs placed on 6 x 8 in. paperboard]
1942/008-36 Rear patio of the Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-37 Max Starke Recreation Hall in Seguin, Texas, 1940
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-38 Crowd lining the city street in front of the First National Bank in Seguin, Texas, to watch parade of marching bands, 1940
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-39 Swimming pool with superimposed divers in Seguin, Texas, 1940
[5 x 7 in. photograph]
1942/008-40 Chinese Room of the Denver Hotel in Victoria, Texas, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-41 Chinese Room of the Denver Hotel in Victoria, Texas, 1940
[8 x 10 in. photograph]
1942/008-42 George C. Childress Monument at Washington-on-the-Brazos State Park, 1940
[7 x 5 in. photograph]
1942/008-43 Frank A. Shannon, Editor of the Wharton Spectator, setting type on a printing press, 1940
[4 x 4.75 in. photograph]
Box Photo
PP0091 1942/008-44 Mary Edith Harvill, survivor of lightning bolt strike, with father E. P. Harvill, undated
[6.5 x 4 in. photograph on metal plate]
1942/008-45 First Baptist Church in Malakoff, Texas, undated
[2 x 4 in. photograph on metal plate]