Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Walter E. Long:

An Inventory of the Walter E. Long Collection at the Texas State Archives, 1928-1971, bulk 1950-1971



Overview

Creator: Long, Walter Ewing, 1886-1973.
Title: Walter E. Long collection
Dates: 1928-1971
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1950-1971
Abstract: Walter Ewing Long was a prominent Austin businessman, civic leader, and local historian who became known as the "Father of City Planning" for the Texas state capital. The Walter E. Long collection documents Long's service with the Austin Chamber of Commerce, his membership with the Texas Library and Historical Commission, his chairmanship of the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission, his efforts as an amateur historian, and his personal interest in the subject of Communism. The collection includes correspondence, memos, scrapbooks, publications, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, clippings, minutes, budgets, reports, manuals, advertising materials, speeches, questionnaires, non-published and published writings, and photographs. Dates covered are 1928-1971, bulk 1950-1971.
Quantity: 4.59 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Biographical Sketch

Walter Ewing Long, Texas businessman, civic leader, and local historian, was born on a farm near Ladonia, Texas on November 1, 1886, to Andrew Davison Long and Alice Madora McCown. Long completed high school in 1905 and enrolled at Austin College in Sherman, Texas, in 1906. He graduated with a bachelor's degree with highest honors in Arts and Sciences in 1910 and in 1911 received his master's degree in business. He chose to attend law school at the University of Texas and moved to Austin in the fall of 1911. While in law school, Long worked as head of the Bureau of Statistics at the Texas State Department of Agriculture. He received his law degree with Chancellor Honors in 1914 and in 1915 was admitted to the bar and began to work towards his Master of Laws degree.

Long did not go on to practice law but instead accepted a position as assistant manager of the San Antonio Chamber of Commerce in 1915. Later that year, he was hired to manage the Austin Chamber of Commerce; in this position he would come to be known as the father of city planning in Austin. In his first year as manager, Long began work on the Austin city plan (which Austin would later adopt in 1926). Also in 1915, Long formed the Colorado River Improvement Association, which would later become the Lower Colorado River Authority.

Long's career as manager of Austin's Chamber of Commerce spanned 35 years, during which time he successfully executed countless city projects. In 1921 he obtained options on 1,100 acres of land from which 132 acres were purchased from the state to enlarge the University of Texas campus. In 1922 he arranged for the construction of the Stephen F. Austin Hotel and in that same year organized the Central Texas Fair—both successful endeavors in attracting tourists to the city. In 1925 he founded the Texas Legislative Service, an organization whose purpose was to monitor the actions of the Texas Legislature and provide public access to legislation, which it achieved through a daily journal and bill copy service. Long continued to supervise the Texas Legislative Service for the next 40 years.

Considered the preeminent authority on the history of Austin and Central Texas, Long wrote hundreds of articles and authored about 40 books. His book Four Score Years and Maybe Ten (1970) was a call for social reform in view of technological progress. He collected materials that reflected his interests in social and political reform, including a selection of pamphlets and other documents about Communism. He also kept a number of extensive scrapbooks on topics and organizations in which he was involved, including the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission, for which he was the first chairman, and the planning of the Texas State Archives and Library Building.

Long retired from his position at the Chamber of Commerce in 1949 but remained active in the Austin community. He was treasurer of the Presbyterian Theological Seminary for over 30 years and a member of the Austin Rotary Club for 50 years. In 1946, he was made secretary of the Texas Association of Commerce. He became president of the Texas Fine Arts Association in 1952, was a member of the Texas Library and Historical Commission from 1953 to 1967 (serving as chair in 1964), and in 1960 was appointed as chairman of the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission. He received the Austin Elder Statesman Award in 1965.

Long married Janthe Janet Kaapke of Cuero, Texas in 1917. They had two children: Walter Kaapke Long and Janet Long Fish. Walter E. Long died of cancer on November 8, 1973, and is buried in Austin's Oakwood cemetery. The City of Austin named Walter E. Long Lake in his memory (formerly Decker Lake, located in northeast Austin) as well as the surrounding Walter E. Long Metropolitan Park.

(Sources include: "Austin's Walter Long Helps to Keep History," Dallas Morning News, December 20, 1960; "Who's Who in Texas and Why?" The Texas Good Roads Magazine; "Mr. Austin Leaves Bountiful Legacy," Austin American-Statesman, November 9, 1973; Gracy, David. The State Library and Archives of Texas: a history, 1835-1962. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010; "Long, Walter Ewing," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed February 2, 2016; and the collection itself.)


Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Walter E. Long collection documents Long's service with the Austin Chamber of Commerce, his membership with the Texas Library and Historical Commission, his chairmanship of the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission, his efforts as an amateur historian, and his personal interest in the subject of Communism. The collection includes correspondence, memos, scrapbooks, publications, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, clippings, minutes, budgets, reports, manuals, advertising materials, speeches, questionnaires, non-published and published writings, and photographs. Dates covered are 1928-1971, bulk 1950-1971.

Austin Chamber of Commerce files reveal Long's work as manager of the organization for 35 years, during which time he had a major role and impact on Austin city planning. Files from his work with the Austin Chamber of Commerce consist of national, regional, and local Texas chamber of commerce publications; legislative reports; correspondence; speeches; and other printed materials, dating 1936-1966, bulk 1957-1966. The majority of these files are publications such as the The Journal of American Chamber of Commerce Executives, the Austin Chamber of Commerce publication Austin in Action, and legislative reports created by the South Texas Chamber of Commerce as well as its monthly publication South Texan.

Texas Library and Historical Commission files were created and gathered by Long during his service as a member of that commission from 1953 to 1962 (after which he continued as a member of its successor, the Texas State Library and Archives Commission). The files consist of correspondence, reports, brochures, manuals, a budget request, publications, clippings, and two scrapbooks, one of which includes photographs, dating 1936-1940, 1956-1962, bulk 1956-1962. The scrapbooks detail Long's proposal for the design of the State Archives and Library Building. Correspondence includes the commission's meeting notices and minutes and shows Long's involvement with the consideration of filling vacancies on the commission and hiring staff for the agency. Texas State Library publications and news clippings provide evidence of its operations, its internal communications to staff, and the publicity it generated and received.

Texas Civil War Centennial Commission files are the most prevalent in the collection, consisting of correspondence, scrapbooks, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, programs, historical research, and budgetary and legislative documents, dating 1949, 1959-1966. The activities of the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission (TCWCC) within the state, and its work with the national centennial commission as well as those of other states, are shown in these files and reflect Long's role as the commission's chairman. The files are predominately correspondence of the TCWCC, especially with Texas historical scholars, professionals, and organizations and with other states' centennial commissions. The scrapbooks primarily contain TWCCC and U.S. Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, press releases, and reports, rather than typical illustrative scrapbook items, though some clippings appear. A line drawing of the Texas commemorative monument at Vicksburg National Military Park is inserted into one scrapbook. Working documents of the TCWCC include its enabling legislation and budget materials, questionnaires sent to chambers of commerce of Texas cities to gather information on key Civil War events in those areas and commemoration plans, and projected plans of efforts to observe the centennial throughout the state that the commission supported and encouraged. The TCWCC also gathered promotional and informational publications created by other states' centennial commissions for their programs and commemorations.

Research materials reflect Walter E. Long's work as a historian and researcher and date 1928-1971, with the bulk of the items dating 1950-1971. Literary works are those that Long himself produced and include a published book, speeches, historically themed Christmas letters sent in partnership with his wife, and a chart of Texas state government funding through 1961. Personal papers kept by Long include a letter and poems possibly sent to Texas soldiers during World War II and articles of incorporation for the McKinney-Lowry Foundation, a Texas historical organization he helped found. Historical publications and drafts produced by other authors include a brief draft written by Bennett Smith in 1972 for his book Marriage By Bond in Colonial Texas, proceedings from the Philosophical Society of Texas, and a biography of underwater artist Zarh Pritchard, among other works. The bulk of these research materials are pamphlets relating to Communism and correspondence on that topic, primarily between Long and Robert W. Mercer, a Texan who was introduced to Long through their mutual friend Judge Jefferson Wood Hassell.

Two newspaper articles that were placed in oversize box storage may have been donated by Long, but since documentation of their provenance has not been found they are not included in the inventory below. Both are in Oversize Box 47: in folder 2, a section of the Dallas Morning News, April 5, 1940, with a full-page notice for the Texas Federation of Taxpayers; and in folder 3, a page from the Dallas Morning News, March 6, 1940, that includes the article "State Expense Takes Jump in Ten Years."


Organization of the Collection

The collection is organized into four series and four subseries:
Austin Chamber of Commerce files, 1936-1966, bulk 1957-1966, 0.9 cubic ft.
Texas Library and Historical Commission files, 1936-1940, 1956-1962, bulk 1956-1962, 0.75 cubic ft.
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission files, 1949, 1959-1966, 1.94 cubic ft.
Research materials, 1928-1971, bulk 1950-1971, 1 cubic ft.
  • Literary works, 1952-1971, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Personal papers, 1940s, 1968, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Historical publications and drafts, 1937, 1958-about 1967, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Materials on Communism, 1928-1962, bulk 1950-1962, 0.6 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished works are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic materials.

Scrapbooks and folded oversize items may be too large to photocopy.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Mercer, Robert Woods, 1886-1963.
Corporate Names:
Austin Chamber of Commerce.
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission.
Texas Library and Historical Commission.
Subjects (Organizations):
Austin Chamber of Commerce.
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission.
Texas Library and Historical Commission.
Subjects:
Communism--United States--History.
Legislation--Texas.
Trade associations--Texas.
Places:
Austin (Tex.)--History.
Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
United States--Economic conditions.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
United States--Social conditions.
Document Types:
Advertisements--United States--1960s.
Brochures--Texas--Organizations--1961-1962.
Brochures--United States--Travel--1960s.
Correspondence--Texas--1944-1963.
Memorandums--Texas--1944-1963.
Minutes (administrative records)--Texas--Organizations--1960-1962.
Newsletters--Texas--1949-1963.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Communism--1936-1962.
Pamphlets--Communism--1945-1960.
Programs (documents)--Texas--Organizations--1961-1963.
Reports--Texas--Institutions--1949, 1961-1963.
Scrapbooks--Texas--1939-1960.
Speeches (documents)--Texas--1960s.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas State Historical Commission, History Programs Division records, [ca.1880]-1995, undated, bulk 1960-1975, 25.83 cubic ft.
Texas State Historical Survey Committee records, 1861-1865, 1902-1911, 1955-1971, bulk 1961-1967, 16.53 cubic ft.
Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center
Martin Dies papers, 1916-1972, 63.5 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1962/178, 1966/049, 1968/083, 1968/133, 1969/049, 1971/051

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on May 24, 1963; November 4 and 23, 1966; February 20, 1967; January 2, August 20 and November 25, 1968; and January 14, 1971.

Processing Information

Processed by Molly Haas, Laura Rivoir, Jade Snelling, and Robina Torres, students of the School of Information at the University of Texas at Austin, November 2015

Arrangement and description revised by Rebecca Romanchuk, May 2016


Detailed Description of the Collection

Austin Chamber of Commerce files, 1936-1966, bulk 1957-1966,
0.9 cubic ft.

Walter E. Long became secretary of the Austin Chamber of Commerce in 1915 and later served as its manager for 35 years, having a major role and impact on Austin city planning. Files from his work with the Austin Chamber of Commerce consist of national, regional, and local Texas chamber of commerce publications; legislative reports; correspondence; speeches; and other printed materials, dating 1936-1966, bulk 1957-1966.
Arrangement
Documents are arranged alphabetically by title.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Austin Chamber of Commerce files, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1969/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on November 25, 1968.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1966/049-1 American Chamber of Commerce Executive newsletter, 1957-1961
The Journal of American Chamber of Commerce Executives, 1960-1962
[2 folders]
American Chamber of Commerce Executives membership directory, 1960-1962
American Chamber of Commerce Executives and Chamber of Commerce of the United States correspondence, 1936-1942, 1953-1962
Austin Chamber of Commerce annual report, January 19, 1949
[2 printed copies, 1 typescript copy]
Austin Chamber of Commerce memos, speeches, printed materials, 1960-1962
Box
1966/049-2 Austin in Action, 1960-1962
[3 folders]
Hotel-Motel Review, 1966
South Texan, 1961-1965
[2 folders]
South Texas Chamber of Commerce legislative reports, 1961
South Texas Chamber of Commerce legislative reports, 1963
West Texas Today, 1961-1963



Texas Library and Historical Commission files, 1936-1940, 1956-1962, bulk 1956-1962,
0.75 cubic ft.

Walter E. Long's service as a member of the Texas Library and Historical Commission from 1953 to 1962 is documented by correspondence, reports, brochures, manuals, a budget request, publications, clippings, and two scrapbooks, one of which includes photographs, dating 1936-1940, 1956-1962, bulk 1956-1962. Correspondence shows routine interactions that Long had with the commission, such as being supplied with the commission's meeting notices and minutes, and more unique situations, including discussion of vacancies on the commission and staff hiring for the agency. The various printed materials illustrate how the Texas State Library operated, its internal communications to staff, and the publicity it generated and received. During Long's service on the commission, a matter of urgent importance was the need to construct a purpose-built State Archives and Library Building, which became possible through the support of Governor Price Daniel. One of the scrapbooks is a first draft of a proposal for the design of the new building and the second scrapbook is a revised second draft of the proposal, including a front elevation and plot plan prepared by architect August Watkins Harris and black-and-white photographs. Long's vision for the new building was that it should model the previous limestone Capitol building, but the constraints of the land site available necessitated a different design.
Arrangement
These materials are arranged chronologically within record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Library and Historical Commission files, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1966/049, 1969/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on November 4, 1966, and November 25, 1968.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
Scrapbooks and folded oversize items may be too large to photocopy.
Box
1966/049-2 Library publications, 1958-1962
Box
1966/049-3 Texas State Library Newsletter, 1962
Correspondence, 1960-1961
[Includes Texas Library and Historical Commission meeting minutes.]
Correspondence, 1962
[Includes Texas Library and Historical Commission meeting minutes.]
Texas State Library reports, brochures, budget, and procedures, 1962
Newspaper clippings, 1936-1940, 1962
Oversize
2-1/379 State Archives and Library Building scrapbook, first draft, 1956-1957
Volume
2-1/381 State Archives and Library Building scrapbook, second draft, 1956-1957
[includes 16 photographs]



Texas Civil War Centennial Commission files, 1949, 1959-1966,
1.94 cubic ft.

Walter E. Long's service as chairman of the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission (TCWCC) from 1960 to 1965 is documented by correspondence, scrapbooks, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, programs, historical research, and budgetary and legislative documents, dating 1949, 1959-1966. The activities of the TCWCC within the state, and its work with the national centennial commission as well as those of other states, are illustrated in these files. Long was appointed chairman by Governor Price Daniel, and served with Vice Chairman Dr. Rupert N. Richardson, Second Vice Chairman Mrs. C.C. Cameron, and Director George W. Hill. The commission worked with the Texas State Historical Survey Committee (TSHSC) and eighteen members at large to organize the observance of the Civil War Centennial in Texas to honor the contributions and sacrifices of Texas forces during the conflict. Confederate and Civil War heritage sites in the state were designated for historic preservation during this period. The TCWCC and TSHSC placed commemorative granite monuments at battlefield sites in other states where Texas units had served; the first and largest of these is at the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi. These files are predominately correspondence of the TCWCC, especially with Texas historical scholars, professionals, and organizations and with other states' centennial commissions. The scrapbooks contain TCWCC meeting notices and agenda, correspondence, rosters, reports, and clippings; press releases and correspondence from the U.S. Civil War Centennial Commission; and a line drawing of the Texas commemorative monument at Vicksburg National Military Park. Promotional and informational publications created by other states' centennial commissions for their programs and commemorations were gathered by the TCWCC as examples of the nationwide effort. Organizational records such as enabling legislation and budget materials show how the TCWCC was created and operated. Questionnaires were sent to chambers of commerce of Texas cities to gather information on key events taking place in those areas during the Civil War and to inquire about local plans to commemorate the centennial of those events. Projected plans of the TCWCC detail its efforts to spur the observance of the centennial across the state by releasing a program booklet with suggestions for events and activities and a chronology of Civil War military actions in Texas. Long's 1960 study of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, known as one of the "Reconstruction Amendments" and encompassing several citizenship and equal protection laws, demonstrates his personal interest in historical research of this era.
Arrangement
These items are arranged chronologically within document type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Civil War Centennial Commission files, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1966/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on November 23, 1966.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Scrapbooks and folded oversize items may be too large to photocopy.
Box
1966/049-4 Civil War Centennial pamphlets and brochures, 1961-1966
[2 folders]
Civil War magazine articles, 1960-1963
Civil War Centennial advertising materials, 1961-1963
Civil War Centennial observances, programs, 1960-1963
Civil War Centennial newsletters, state organizations, 1949, 1961-1963
[2 folders]
Box
1966/049-5 U.S. Civil War Centennial Commission newsletters, press releases, assembly programs, 1961-1963
Manuscript of Texas units' involvement in Battle of Vicksburg by Edwin C. Bearss, research historian, Vicksburg National Park, 1961
"The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States: a study, " 1960
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission budget, legislation, 1960-1962
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, 1960
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, January-June 1961
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, July-December 1961
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, January-April 1962
Box
1966/049-6 Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, May-December 1962
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, 1963
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission correspondence, about 1960-1965
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission questionnaires, 1962
Texas Civil War Centennial Commission projected plans, 1960-1961
Oversize
2-7/1296 Scrapbook of Texas Civil War Centennial, Vol. I, 1959
Oversize
2-7/1297 Scrapbook of Texas Civil War Centennial, Vol. II, 1960
[Includes line drawing of the Texas commemorative monument at Vicksburg National Military Park.]
Oversize
2-7/1298 Scrapbook of Texas Civil War Centennial, Vol. III, 1960
Oversize
2-7/1299 Scrapbook of Texas Civil War Centennial, Vol. IV, 1960
Oversize
2-1/380 Scrapbook of Texas Civil War Centennial, Vol. V, 1960



Research materials, 1928-1971, bulk 1950-1971,
1 cubic ft.

Research materials reflect Walter E. Long's work as a historian and researcher and date 1928-1971, with the bulk of the items dating 1950-1971. Works that Long himself produced include a published book, speeches, historically themed Christmas letters sent in partnership with his wife, and a chart of Texas state government funding through 1961. Personal papers kept by Long include a letter and poems possibly sent to Texas soldiers during World War II and articles of incorporation for the McKinney-Lowry Foundation, a Texas historical organization he helped found. Historical publications and drafts produced by other authors include a brief draft written by Bennett Smith in 1972 for his book Marriage By Bond in Colonial Texas, proceedings from the Philosophical Society of Texas, and a biography of underwater artist Zarh Pritchard, among other works. The bulk of these research materials are pamphlets relating to Communism and correspondence on that topic, primarily between Long and Robert W. Mercer, a Texan who was introduced to Long through their mutual friend Judge Jefferson Wood Hassell.
Organization
This series is organized into four subseries:
Literary works, 1952-1971, 0.2 cubic ft.
Personal papers, 1940s, 1968, 0.1 cubic ft.
Historical publications and drafts, 1937, 1958-about 1967, 0.1 cubic ft.
Materials on Communism, 1928-1962, bulk 1950-1962, 0.6 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Research materials, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1962/178, 1966/049, 1968/083, 1968/133, 1969/049, 1971/051
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on May 24, 1963; November 4 and 23, 1966; February 20, 1967; January 2, August 20 and November 25, 1968; and January 14, 1971.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
Folded oversize items may be too large to photocopy.
Literary works, 1952-1971,
0.2 cubic ft.
Written and graphical works created by Walter E. Long, dating 1952-1971, exhibit his efforts to inspire and educate others with his interest and scholarship in Texas and U.S. history. They include a bound volume of fifteen Christmas letters composed by Long and his wife Janet for the years 1952 through 1956, all with a Texas historical theme. Two copies of his speech "Where Are We Going?" delivered to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas in Austin on May 14, 1963, emphasize honoring the sacrifices made by heroes of the Republic of Texas. Another speech, "It's Your Move," copyrighted 1968, calls for science and society to pay heed to religious principles. A copy of Long's 1971 book Four Score Years and Maybe Ten explores society's problems in the 1970s by examining changes since the 1890s in economy, science, and international relations and how they have influenced human values. A chart compiled by Long documenting the cost to fund Texas state government each year from 1847 to 1961 sourced its information from the Texas State Library, the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, and from the work of a University of Texas professor of economics.
Arrangement
These items are arranged in roughly chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Literary works, Research materials, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1962/178, 1966/049, 1969/049, 1971/051
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on May 24, 1963; February 20, 1967; November 25, 1968; and January 14, 1971.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Folded oversize items may be too large to photocopy.
Box
1966/049-7 Volume of Christmas letters, 1952-1966
Speeches, 1963, 1968
Four Score Years and Maybe Ten, 1971
"Cost to Run Texas (State Government Only), 1847-1961," chart copyrighted by Walter E. Long, 1961
Personal papers, 1940s, 1968,
0.1 cubic ft.
Personal papers of Walter E. Long consist of a typewritten letter and poems that may be examples of what Long sent to Texas soldiers serving overseas during World War II in the 1940s, and articles of incorporation for the McKinney-Lowry Foundation, established by Long and others for the study of Texas as a republic and a state, dated 1968. The pamphlet-bound articles of incorporation include a black-and-white 8x10 photograph of the ruins of the Thomas F. McKinney home in Travis County, built about 1858-1860.
Arrangement
These items are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Personal papers, Research materials, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1968/133, 1969/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on August 20 and November 25, 1968.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the State Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
Box
1966/049-7 World War II form letter to a Texas soldier, poems by Noel Coward and an unnamed naval communications officer stationed in the Pacific, 1940s
McKinney-Lowry Foundation articles of incorporation, 1968
[includes 1 photo]
Historical publications and drafts, 1937, 1958-about 1967,
0.1 cubic ft.
Historical publications and drafts collected by Walter E. Long date 1937, 1958-about 1967 and are written on a variety of topics, some with a connection to Texas history. Two items not directly related to Texas are the 1937 publication Trails to Rails: A Story of Transportation Progress in Illinois by Carlton J. Corliss and The Low-Down on Down Under, a 1963 reprint of short features about the Asia-Pacific region by Dallas Morning News journalist Ted Dealey. A typewritten biography of Madras-born Walter Howlison McKenzie "Zarh" Pritchard, an underwater landscape artist who lived in Austin, Texas at the end of his life, reflects Long's interest in the man's art. Long donated Pritchard's personal papers and two of his oil paintings to the State Archives. Items fully focused on Texas history are a booklet of the December 1958 proceedings of the Philosophical Society of Texas, and a brief draft written by Bennett L. Smith for his 1972 book Marriage By Bond in Colonial Texas, dated about 1967.
Arrangement
Items are arranged in roughly chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Historical publications and drafts, Research materials, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1968/083, 1968/133, 1969/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on January 2, August 20, and November 25, 1968.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1966/049-7 Trails to Rails: A Story of Transportation Progress in Illinois, by Carlton J. Corliss, 1937
Philosophical Society of Texas proceedings, 1958
Biography of Zarh (Walter Howlison McKenzie) Pritchard by Mrs. Hubert Jones, 1960s
The Low-Down on Down Under, by Ted Dealey, 1963
Draft written for the 1972 book Marriage by Bond in Colonial Texas, by Bennett L. Smith, about 1967
Materials on Communism, 1928-1962, bulk 1950-1962,
0.6 cubic ft.
Correspondence between Walter E. Long and others on Communism as well as printed materials on the topic collected by Long date 1928-1962, bulk 1950-1962. A significant amount of the correspondence is between Long and Robert W. Mercer, a fellow Texan who was introduced to Long through their mutual friend Judge Jefferson Wood Hassell. Their letters range over several political issues of the time, often referring to recent Supreme Court decisions and explicitly naming Justices Earl Warren and Tom Clark; in a letter dated June 5, 1959, Mercer writes of the Court that they "have decided to legislate instead of interpret." Mercer also copied Long on several strongly-worded letters to representatives and newspaper editors about topics relating to Communism, including a letter to then U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson. General correspondence is usually from organizations or members of the public addressed to Long. Five folders of pamphlets on Communism were received by Long from acquaintances and through his membership in various organizations such as the American Bar Association. Newsletters and brochures include several from the National Council of Churches, a cross-denominational coalition known for its political advocacy in mid- to late-twentieth century America. Several newsletters make repeated mention of Howard Drummond "Dan" Smoot, a conservative political pundit and former FBI agent; Fred Schwarz, an Australian anti-Communist activist; and Martin Dies, a chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
Arrangement
Items are arranged by chronologically within record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Materials on Communism, Research materials, Walter E. Long collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1969/049
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Walter E. Long on November 25, 1968.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1966/049-7 General correspondence concerning Communism, 1928, 1950-1959
Correspondence with R.W. Mercer on Communism, 1959
Box
1966/049-8 Communism newsletters, 1951-1962
Communism pamphlets, 1928-1960
[5 folders]