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Overview

Biographical History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Clarence Denman research notes on Texas military organizations, 1891-1892, about 1924-1926,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Clarence P. Denman:

An Inventory of Clarence Denman Research Notes on Texas Military Organizations at the Texas State Archives, 1891-1892, about 1924-1926



Overview

Creator: Denman, Clarence Phillips, b. 1897
Title: Clarence Denman research notes on Texas military organizations
Dates: 1891-1892, about 1924-1926
Abstract: Dr. Clarence Phillips Denman, 1897-1983, was Professor of History at Arlington State College (which was transferred to the University of Texas System in 1965) from 1955 to 1968. This collection primarily consists of Dr. Denman's handwritten and typed notes (created approximately between 1924 and 1926) researching the history of Texas military organizations from the days of the Republic up to 1924, with the bulk of the research material pertaining to the period between 1840 and 1890. Some original records appear in the files, although most of the information is in the form of transcriptions from existing primary and secondary sources that Dr. Denman consulted, including publications The Houston Republic, Morning Star, Gammel, The Weekly Telegraph, The Galveston Weekly News, Tri-Weekly Telegraph and two pamphlets from the Adjutant General's Office, dating 1891-1892. Also included are a few original letters exchanged between Dr. Denman and surviving members of several military organizations (as well as with library representatives) concerning questions and answers pertinent to his topics of research, such as the history of the creation of select Texas regiments as well as the names of relevant officers to consult for first-hand accounts and other information. Military organizations covered include regiments of the Civil War period, Palestine Riflemen, Bryan Rifles, Hood's Brigade, Texas Regiment of Volunteers, Navarro Rifles, Lone Star Rifles, Houston companies, Texas troops in the Mexican War, cavalry companies, Galveston Artillery Company, Galveston Rifles (colored), Old Washington Guards, north east Texas companies, and Republic of Texas Regular Army among others.
Quantity: 0.5 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical History

Dr. Clarence Phillips Denman, 1897-1983, was born in McGregor, Texas. He received bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of Texas, and a doctoral degree from the University of Michigan. Dr. Denman also attended Southwest Texas State Teachers College, Texas Christian University, University of Pennsylvania, Memphis State University, and George Peabody College. He taught at Western Kentucky State College, Arkansas State College, and Belmont College before moving to Arlington State College (which was transferred to the University of Texas System in 1965) in February 1955, where he worked as Professor of History until 1968.

Dr. Denman had fellowships at the University of Texas, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Michigan. He conducted research for and wrote the book, The History of the University of Texas at Arlington, 1895-1917, which was never published. He also authored the book, The Secession Movement in Alabama, which was published in 1933 by the Alabama State Department of Archives and History. In addititon, he wrote the paper, The Office of Adjutant General in Texas, 1835–1881, which was published in the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28 (April 1925).

Dr. Denman married Annie Mary Sprouse, who was from Springfield, Tennessee and taught in White Settlement, Texas. They had one daughter. Dr. Denman died in Santa Clara, California in 1983.

(Sources include the Clarence Denman Papers online finding aid at the University of Texas Arlington Library, Special Collections, available on the Texas Archival Resources Online website - http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/utarl/00205/arl-00205.html, viewed on May 18, 2012; the University of Texas at Arlington website - http://www.uta.edu/uta/about/traditions/history.php, viewed on May 25, 2012; and the Texas State Historical Association website - http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qnt02, viewed on May 23, 2012.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

Dr. Clarence Phillips Denman, 1897-1983, was Professor of History at Arlington State College (which was transferred to the University of Texas System in 1965) from 1955 to 1968. The documents in this collection consist primarily of handwritten and typed research notes pertaining to the history of Texas military organizations, and are estimated to have been created between 1924 and 1926. The notes cover the history of Texas military organizations from 1835 to 1924, with the bulk of the information pertaining to the period between 1840 and 1890.

Notes cover miscellaneous pre-Civil War military organizations (1835-1863); Houston companies (1835-1871); Texas military units in the Confederate period (1861-1865); Civil War regiments (1861-1880); the Palestine Riflemen volunteer company (1874-1884); Texas militia involved with the Mexican War (1846-1847); cavalry companies field artillery (1840-1842, 1861-1862, 1871-1872, 1874-1893, 1897-1905, 1916-1917); military organizations in Galveston including the Galveston Artillery Company, Galveston Guards, Galveston Zouares, Galveston Rifles (colored), and Old Washington Guards (1840-1846, 1850, 1852, 1855-1864, 1871-1884, 1890-1894, 1917, 1924); military units in Austin (1840-1841, 1844-1846, 1852-1858, 1860-1866, 1871-1882, 1885-1888, 1894, 1904, 1924); the 3rd regiment of 1878 (1818, 1875-1880, 1882-1883, 1924); the Republic of Texas Regular Army (1834, 1836-1838, 1842-1846); north east Texas companies, including those in Red River, Fannin, Lamar and Bowie counties (1835-1849, 1850-1859, 1861-1871, 1874-1879, 1880-1882, 1924); various military orders and appointments (1833-1850, 1875-1877); military affairs of the Republic of Texas (1835-1920, 1924); military companies in Houston (1873-1882, 1884, 1890); and in San Antonio (1857-1859, 1861-1863, 1870-1875, 1880, 1890, 1918).

The notes were mostly created in consultation with primary and secondary material found at various libraries and archives, including the Texas State Library. They include references to the publications The Houston Republic, Morning Star, Gammel: Laws of Texas, The Weekly Telegraph, The Galveston Weekly News, Tri-Weekly Telegraph, etc. Also included are a few original letters exchanged between Dr. Denman and surviving members of several military organizations (as well as with library representatives) concerning questions and answers pertinent to his topics of research, such as the history of the creation of select Texas regiments as well as the names of relevant officers to consult for first-hand accounts and other information. There are also two original pamphlets - General Orders number 4 (1891) and number 33 (1892) from the Adjutant General's Office, State of Texas.

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Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged according to the specific areas of research as identified by the creator.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives research room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Volunteer Guard.
Texas. State Troops.
Texas. National Guard.
Texas. Militia.
Subjects:
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Campaigns--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Military units.
Austin (Tex.)--Military units.
Houston (Tex.)--Military units.
San Antonio (Tex.)--Military units.
Galveston (Tex.)--Military units.
Confederate States of America--Military units--Texas.
Document Types:
Notes--Texas--Militia--1835-1920
Correspondence--Texas--Militia--1924
Functions:
Documenting the history of Texas military organizations.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Civil War records, 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865, 17.96 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935, 190.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteer Guard military rolls (Part I: 1st thru 4th Regiment, Infantry), 1880-1903, undated, 16.91 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteer Guard military rolls (Part II: 5th Regiment, Infantry thru Rosters of Officers), 1880-1903, undated, 16.91 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas State Troops records, 1861-1865, undated, 12.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Civil War military rolls, 1860-1865, 54.06 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence, 1846-1943 (bulk 1861-1933), 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence: correspondence (part II), 1906-1943, 107.63 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction military rolls, 1865-1866, 1870-1877, undated (bulk 1870-1874), 20.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Republic of Texas military rolls, 1835-1846, undated, 9.45 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas National Guard military rolls, 1902-1913, 1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 9.21 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas National Guard records, 1902-1931, 1939, 1941-1945, 1950, undated (bulk 1903-1911), 39.47 cubic ft.
Special Collections, University of Texas at Arlington
Clarence Denman Papers at The University of Texas at Arlington Library, 1886-1973, 2.08 linear ft.
Clarence Denman Papers at The University of Texas at Arlington Library, 1886-1982, 2.45 linear ft.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Clarence Denman research notes on Texas military organizations. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2010/047.

These records appear to have been received from the Texas Adjutant General's office in 1926. An accession number was assigned for control purposes on December 1, 2009.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert L. Stephens, September 2009

Additional description, text, EAD and DACS elements added by Aditi Worcester, May 2012.

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Clarence Denman research notes on Texas military organizations, 1891-1892, about 1924-1926,
0.5 cubic ft.

Box
2010/047 Notes on Texas military units
[Research covers the period between 1861 and 1865.]
Miscellaneous pre-civil war organizations
[Research covers 1834-1838, 1840-1847, 1849, 1853-1859, 1861, 1863.]
Miscellaneous companies since civil war
[Research covers 1824, 1829, 1858, 1861, 1870, 1874-1886. Also included are original letters from 1924.]
Regiments of the civil war
[Research covers 1860-1865, 1868, 1872-1874, 1879-1880, 1883.]
Houston companies, 1838-1861
[The dates covered in the research notes differ from title. Actual dates include 1835-1849, 1856-1858, 1860-1871.]
Mexican War - general
[Research covers 1837, 1843, 1846-1847, 1861-1871.]
Cavalry companies 131, 132, 133 field artillery
[Some documents differ from folder title. Research covers 1840, 1842, 1861-1862, 1871-1872, 1874-1888, 1890-1892, 1899-1905, 1916-1917.]
Galveston
[Research covers 1840-1846, 1850, 1855-1861, 1871-1880, 1882, 1884, 1890-1894, 1917. Also included are original letters from 1924.]
Austin
[Research covers 1840-1841, 1844-1846, 1852, 1854-1858, 1860-1862, 1866, 1871-1882, 1885-1886, 1888, 1894, 1904, 1924.]
3rd regiment of 1878
[Research covers 1875-1880, 1882-1883, 1924.]
Republic of Texas Regular Army
[Research covers 1834, 1836-1838, 1842-1846.]
North east Texas companies - Red River County
[Research covers 1835-1859, 1861-1871, 1874-1879. Also included are original letters from 1924.]
Miscellaneous orders and appointments after 1875
[Some research pertains to dates that differ from the folder title. Research covers 1833-1850, 1875-1877.]
Republic of Texas - military affairs, appropriations for the military branch of government
[Research covers 1839-1840, 1859-1865.]
Republic of Texas military affairs, Secretary of War
[Research covers 1835-1849.]
Republic of Texas military affairs, uniformed volunteer companies
[Research covers 1838.]
Republic of Texas military affairs, Army of the Republic of Texas
[Research covers 1835-1837, 1839-1841.]
Republic of Texas military affairs, organization of the militia, 1832-1845
[Some research pertains to dates that differ from the folder title. Research covers 1836-1844.]
1917-1922
[Some research pertains to dates that differ from the folder title. Research covers 1916, 1917, 1920.]
Houston companies since 1873
[Research covers 1873-1882, 1884, 1890.]
San Antonio
[Research covers 1857-1859, 1861-1871, 1874-1876, 1878-1880, 1890. Also included are original letters from 1924.]

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