Texas State Library and Archives Commission

John A. Hulen:

An Inventory of the General John A. Hulen Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1887-1960



Overview

Creator: Hulen, John A. (John Augustus), 1871-1957.
Title: General John A. Hulen papers
Dates: 1887-1960
Abstract: Papers documenting the military career and life of Brigadier General John A. Hulen, who commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935), consist of correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks, dating 1887-1960. The correspondence mainly relates to recruitment activities in 1917 and includes letters and other documents. Photographs cover most of General Hulen's life, from his years in military school in the late 1880s to his retirement in the 1950s. Photographs from the 36th Division begin with the First World War and extend to 1960 and document military training, camp life, and early airplanes. Also present are aerial photos and official portraits of military personnel in the interwar period. The scrapbooks contain photographs, newspaper clippings, letters, telegrams, and printed materials that cover the course of General Hulen's military career, from 1887 to 1948.
Quantity: 7.52 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Biographical Sketch

General John Augustus Hulen was born in Centralia, Missouri on September 9, 1871, to Harvey and Fanny Morter Hulen. His family moved to Gainesville, Texas when he was two years old, where he attended public school before enrolling in Virginia's Staunton Military Academy in 1887. He subsequently attended the Marmaduke Military Academy in Missouri, from which he graduated in 1891. During this time, he joined Company G of the Third Texas Volunteer Infantry, known as the "Gainesville Rifles," as a private in 1887. He was commissioned a first lieutenant in 1889 and promoted to captain in 1893.

After graduation from Marmaduke, Hulen returned to Gainesville to go into business with his father, where he began selling real estate and insurance. On Valentine's Day 1893 he married a local girl, Frankie L. Race. They would not have any children. He became a railroad executive in 1896 but was frequently called away from his work due to military service. He held many different positions for local railroads, including serving as city passenger agent in Houston, then general freight and passenger agent. He worked his way up to the position of president of the Galveston Terminal Railway, the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway, the Burlington-Rock Island Railroad, and the Houston Belt and Terminal Railroad. He also served as president of the Railway Managers Association of Texas. Hulen was involved in banking and served as a director of both the Fort Worth National Bank and the Second National Bank of Houston.

Although he had a successful career in the rail industry, the majority of Hulen's adult life was spent in military service. He was the commander of Troop D in the First Texas Volunteer Cavalry until 1898, when he was sent to the Spanish-American War as a brevet lieutenant colonel. He fought Philippine insurrectionists for two years in the jungle of northern Luzon as a captain for the 33rd United States Volunteer Infantry. As a result of his service there, he won the Silver Star. Governor Samuel Lanham promoted him to brigadier general when he returned to Texas in 1901. He retired from the position in 1907 but was recalled to service in 1916. From 1916 to 1917 General Hulen patrolled the Texas-Mexico border as commander of the Sixth Separate Brigade. In 1917, he was sent to Austin to assist in the reorganization of the state militia into the 36th Infantry Division. During World War I, he commanded the division's 72nd Brigade, winning the Distinguished Service Medal and twice being awarded the Croix de Guerre. He was appointed major general of the Texas National Guard in 1920 and commander of the 36th Infantry Division in 1922. He held this last position until his retirement in 1935, upon which Governor James Allred promoted him to the militia's highest rank of lieutenant general.

While his military career was winding down, Hulen began to take on other duties, including becoming a director of Texas Tech University (then Texas Technical College) from 1931 to 1937. He was also a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1932 and was appointed regional salvage manager of the War Production Board by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941.

Throughout his life, Hulen considered himself a Democrat and an Episcopalian and was a member of the Masons, Shriners, and Knights of Pythias. He died on September 14, 1957 in Palacios, Texas, near the military camp that had been named in his honor.

(Sources include: Jimmy M. Skaggs, "John Augustus Hulen," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 20, 2016; and "Gen. John Hulen, 86, Dies at Home," Houston Post, September 15, 1957.)


Scope and Contents of the Papers

Brigadier General John A. Hulen began his military career in the Spanish-American War and later commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935), providing military leadership for the state and nation. The General John A. Hulen papers consist of correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks, spanning the years 1887-1960 and offering a detailed view into military life in the first half of the 20th century, along with glimpses of civilian life. Events featured are the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, military training and military weapons in the early 20th century, aviation, and railroads.

Correspondence is comprised of incoming and outgoing letters, telegrams, and recruiting cards, dating from June 13 to July 30, 1917 and relating to the recruitment of soldiers for the Texas National Guard during the First World War. In addition to correspondence from General John A. Hulen, other officials mentioned include Texas Adjutant General Henry Hutchings and Governor James E. Ferguson. Also appearing are letters of recommendation in support of individuals who were interested in joining the Texas National Guard, completed application forms from soldier candidates, and letters of instruction to local officials regarding recruitment and registration.

Approximately 1063 photographs collected by Hulen detail military and civilian life from 1889 to 1960. They document Hulen's time as a cadet, his early military service in the Spanish-American War, military training leading up to World War I, the front lines in France in World War I, military training and camp life in the interwar period, early military planes and aerial photos, official portraits of military personnel, military weapons and equipment from the years immediately following World War II, events from the 36th Division, the front lines in Japan in World War II, European and American postcards from 1919, railroad exhibitions, banquets for the 36th Division and the railroad industry, Hulen's vacations, and greeting cards.

Nine scrapbooks, dating 1887-1948, contain photographs and newspaper clippings that chronicle Hulen's civilian life and his military career and achievements, from his years as a cadet until his retirement in 1935. One scrapbook includes portraits of General Hulen and approximately forty-five portrait photographs of gentlemen who were Hulen's business associates and other acquaintances. A few are identified: U.S. Senators Tom Connally and Charles A. Culberson, Vice President John N. Garner, and President Woodrow Wilson. The second scrapbook contains a photograph from 1899, which depicts the officers from the 33rd Infantry in camp at the Presidio, San Francisco, California. Later photographs were taken at Camp Scurry in Corpus Christi, Texas, and show tents and artillery reviews. One photograph, dated March 4, 1917, shows General John Joseph Pershing inspecting the troops. The third scrapbook consists of photographs and newspaper clippings that span General Hulen's military career, including activities in the Spanish-American War and daily life at Camp Mabry in Austin, Texas. Some clippings trace the brigade's movement through France. There are photographs of General Hulen's staff, in addition to clippings that describe his homecoming and citations that he received for bravery and gallantry.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


Organization of the Papers

The papers are organized according to record type into three series and 17 subseries:
Correspondence, 1917, 1.5 cubic ft.
Photographs, 1889-1960, 4.18 cubic ft.
  • Cadet years, 1889-1890, fractional
  • Early military years, 1898-1916, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • World War I France, 1918-1919, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Later military years, 1919-1953, 0.25 cubic ft.
  • Aviation, 1926-1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Aerial photographs, 1926-1928, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Military portraits, 1910s-1920s, fractional
  • General portraits, 1910s-1920s, fractional
  • Weapons, 1949-1957, fractional
  • Thirty-Sixth Division, 1943-1960, fractional
  • Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945, fractional
  • Non-military photographs, 1930s-1940s, fractional
  • Postcards, 1919-1945, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Civilian life, 1908-1957, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950, 2.46 cubic ft.
Scrapbooks, 1887-1935, 1.84 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Gloves provided by the Archives must be worn when examining photographs.

Scrapbooks are too fragile and/or large to be photocopied.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects (Persons):
Connally, Tom, 1877-1963.
Culberson, Charles A., 1855-1925.
Ferguson, James E., 1871-1944.
Garner, John N., 1868-1967.
Pershing, John J., 1860-1948.
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
Subjects (Organizations):
Texas. National Guard.
Subjects:
Military weapons--United States.
Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945.
Spanish-American War, 1898.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1939-1945.
Places:
Austin (Tex.)
Camp Mabry (Tex.)
Camp Scurry (Corpus Christi, Tex.)
Corpus Christi (Tex.)
France--World War, 1914-1918.
Japan--World War, 1939-1945.
Philippines--Spanish-American War.
Presidio of San Francisco (San Francisco, Calif.)
Texas--Military units--Thirty-Sixth Division.
Document Types:
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Military--1887-1920.
Correspondence--Texas--World War, 1914-1918--Recruiting and enlistment--1917.
Panoramas--Texas--Military--1889-1950.
Photographs-Texas--Military--1889-1960.
Postcards--Texas--Military--1919-1945.
Scrapbooks--Texas--Military--1887-1935.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Frank S. Tillman collection, 1915-1939 and undated, 0.94 cubic ft.
Frank Tillman photograph collection, about 1914-1940s, 17.5 cubic ft. (about 3200 photographs) [There is no finding aid for this unprocessed collection. Call numbers are PP0031 thru PP0066 (1/142).]
Robert Wagner collection of 36th Division materials, [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1971, [1975?], bulk 1942-1945, 7.75 cubic ft., 2 audio tapes, 90 maps in the Historical Map Archive, and 80 photographs and 26 negatives in the Prints and Photographs Collection
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas National Guard military rolls, 1902-1913, 1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 9.21 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, 1898-1904, bulk 1898-1901, 3.97 cubic ft.
Thirty-Sixth Division Association papers, 1857-1964 and [19--], 13 ft., 2 in. [There is no finding aid for these papers. Call numbers are 2-22/803 thru 836, 2-7/1336 thru 1343, 1349, 2-22L/14.]
Texas Tech University, Southwest Collection
John A. Hulen Papers, 1908-1971 and undated, 0.07 cubic ft.
Texas National Guard Records, 1900-1964, 7 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1972/115

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Thirty-Sixth Division Association on March 15, 1972.

Processing Information

Collection initially processed by staff archivists in the 1970s

DACS-compliant finding aid and XML markup by Kristin Law and Kristen Marx, students from the University of Texas at Austin, School of Information, spring 2012

Additions to scrapbook series, relocation of oversized prints and photographs, and edits to description by Rebecca Romanchuk, May 2016


Detailed Description of the Papers

Correspondence, June 13-July 30, 1917,
1.5 cubic ft.

Brigadier General John A. Hulen assisted in the reorganization of the state militia into the 36th Infantry Division in 1917 and commanded the 72nd Brigade of that division during World War I, winning the Distinguished Service Medal and twice being awarded the Croix de Guerre. Correspondence within the General John A. Hulen papers consists of incoming and outgoing letters, telegrams and recruiting cards relating to the recruitment of soldiers for the Texas National Guard during World War I, dating June 13-July 30, 1917. In addition to correspondence from General John A. Hulen, other officials mentioned include Texas Adjutant General Henry Hutchings and Governor James E. Ferguson. Letters of recommendation in support of individuals who were interested in joining the Texas National Guard are included as are completed application forms from soldier candidates and letters from Hutchings regarding recruitment and registration. These letters give instructions on how the forms were to be completed by each county or city and are addressed to the sheriffs of all counties and the mayors of cities of over thirty thousand people. Among the correspondence are note cards that serve as a daily recruitment report, signed by a local official, which indicate the town or city, date, the number of men recruited on that day, and the total number of men recruited to date.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
2-23/1107 Correspondence, June 13, 1917
Correspondence, June 14, 1917
Correspondence, June 15, 1917
Correspondence, June 16, 1917
Correspondence, June 17, 1917
Correspondence, June 18, 1917
Correspondence, June 19, 1917
Correspondence, June 20, 1917
Correspondence, June 21, 1917
Correspondence, June 22, 1917
Correspondence, June 23, 1917
Box
2-23/1108 Correspondence, June 25, 1917
Correspondence, June 26, 1917
Correspondence, June 27, 1917
Correspondence, June 28, 1917
Correspondence, June 29, 1917
Correspondence, June 30, 1917
Correspondence, July 1, 1917
Correspondence, July 2, 1917
Correspondence, July 3, 1917
Correspondence, July 4, 1917
Box
2-23/1109 Correspondence, July 5, 1917
Correspondence, July 6, 1917
Correspondence, July 7, 1917
Correspondence, July 8, 1917
Correspondence, July 9, 1917
Correspondence, July 10, 1917
Correspondence, July 11, 1917
Correspondence, July 12, 1917
Correspondence, July 13, 1917
Correspondence, July 14, 1917
Correspondence, July 15, 1917
Correspondence, July 15-30, 1917



Photographs,1889-1960,
4.18 cubic ft.

Brigadier General John A. Hulen began his military career in the Spanish-American War and later commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935), providing military leadership for the state and nation. Approximately 1063 photographs collected by Hulen detail military and civilian life from 1889 to 1960. They document Hulen's time as a cadet, his early military service in the Spanish-American War, military training leading up to World War I, the front lines in France in World War I, military training and camp life in the interwar period, early military planes and aerial photos, official portraits of military personnel, military weapons and equipment from the years immediately following World War II, events from the 36th Division, the front lines in Japan during World War II, European and American postcards from 1919, railroad exhibitions, banquets for the 36th Division and the railroad industry, Hulen's vacations, and greeting cards. Further photographs of note include a signed picture of General Douglas MacArthur and photographs depicting the Italian front lines during D-Day of World War II.
Organization
The photographs are organized into 17 subseries by subject:
Cadet years, 1889-1890, fractional
Early military years, 1898-1916, 0.2 cubic ft.
World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918, 0.15 cubic ft.
World War I France, 1918-1919, 0.2 cubic ft.
Later military years, 1919-1953, 0.25 cubic ft.
Aviation, 1926-1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
Aerial photographs, 1926-1928, 0.1 cubic ft.
Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936, 0.1 cubic ft.
Military portraits, 1910s-1920s, fractional
General portraits, 1910s-1920s, fractional
Weapons, 1949-1957, fractional
36th Division, 1943-1960, fractional
Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945, fractional
Non-military photographs, 1930s-1940s, fractional
Postcards, 1919-1945, 0.15 cubic ft.
Civilian life, 1908-1957, 0.15 cubic ft.
Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950, 2.46 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Cadet years, 1889-1890,
Photographs from Hulen's time spent as a cadet at the Staunton Military Academy in Virginia span the years 1889-1890.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Cadet years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-1 and 2, 1889-1890
Early military years, 1898-1916,
Photographs from General John Hulen's early military career date 1898-1916 and include photos taken at Camp Sanger in Fort Riley, Kansas; during the Spanish-American War in the Philippines; during the State Camp of the Texas National Guard held in Austin in August 1903; and of the Texas National Guard's Mexican border mobilization. The photographs also feature Hulen's comrades who fought with him in these arenas.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Early military years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-3 thru 44, 1898-1916
Photograph album of the State Camp of the Texas National Guard, Austin, 1903
[A caption list for each of the 33 photographs appears at the front of the album. Photos 12, 15, and 28 are missing.]
World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918,
Photographs chronicling training and camp life for American troops during the early years of World War I, before they were deployed to the front lines in Europe, span the years 1916-1917. Photos taken at Fort Sam Houston and troop parades in San Antonio, Texas, are included.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), World War I pre-Europe, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-45 thru 68, 1916-1918
Box
PP0247B Photos 1972/115-69 thru 178, 1916-1918
Box
PP0247C Photos 1972/115-179 thru 182, 1916-1918
World War I France, 1918-1919,
Photographs dating from 1918 and 1919 show American and British troops on the front lines in France during World War I, German prisoners held by said troops, and female members of the American Red Cross serving troops and prisoners. Images include the towns of St. Voubourg, La Sheppe, Fault-Yonne, Lignieres, Dricourt in the Ardennes department, and Bligny in the Aube department. Hulen's military identification card is among these images.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), World War I France, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247C Photos 1972/115-183 thru 210, 1918-1919
Box
PP0248B Photos 1972/115-211 thru 248, 1918-1919
Later military years, 1919-1953,
Photographs from Hulen's later military years show members of the 36th Division during training exercises and general camp life at Camp Mabry, Hulen posing with dignitaries such as Governor Miriam Ferguson, and members of the 36th Division in Italy and France during World War II. These photos span the years 1919 to 1953 and are stamped as official National Guard photographs. A signed photograph of General Douglas MacArthur is included.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Later military years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0248A Photos 1972/115-250 thru 269, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248B Photos 1972/115-270 thru 368A, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248C Photos 1972/115-368B thru 433, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248D Photos 1972/115-434 thru 457B, 1919-1953
Aviation, 1926-1934,
Photographs documenting early aviation, such as biplanes, fighter planes, pilots, and flight demonstrations, date 1926-1934. These photos were taken at locations including Ellington Field and Camp Mabry and are stamped as official National Guard photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Aviation, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0248D Photos 1972/115-458 thru 517, 1926-1934
Aerial photographs, 1926-1928,
Official National Guard photographs taken from the air of various areas over Camp Palacios on the Texas coast span the years 1926 to 1928 and include photographs taken by female pilot Marjorie Stinson.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Aerial photographs, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249A Photos 1972/115-518 thru 569, 1926-1928
Box
PP0249B Photos 1972/115-570 thru 588, 1926-1928
Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936,
Photographs of camp life at Camp Hulen, company reviews in front of officers and visiting generals (such as General George C. Marshall) at Camp Hulen, and parades for the general public in San Antonio date from 1928 to 1936.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Parades and demonstrations, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249B Photos 1972/115-589 thru 645, 1928-1936
Box
PP0249C Photos 1972/115-646 thru 693, 1928-1936
Military portraits, 1910s-1920s,
These photographs taken in the 1910s and 1920s are official and unofficial portraits of U.S. military personnel, including Major General Walter Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Dallas J. Matthews, Lieutenant Colonel Horace Carmichael, Brigadier General Ninnon, General Will Jackson, and Brigadier General Henry Hutchings.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Military portraits, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249C Photos 1972/115-694 thru 698, 1910s-1920s
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-699 thru 707, 1910s-1920s
General portraits, 1910s-1920s,
Portrait photographs taken in the 1910s and 1920s of people who were not members of the U.S. military include portraits of a man named Thomas W. Bath, unidentified civilian men and women, and unidentified members of foreign militaries.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), General portraits, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-708 thru 714, 1910s-1920s
Weapons, 1949-1957,
Photographs of military weaponry, military vehicles, and the personnel who operated them date 1949-1957. Weapons included are tanks such as a 90 mm gun tank M47; artillery such as a 155 mm howitzer M1A2, 155 mm howitzer M44, 105 mm howitzer M37, and 105 mm howitzer M2A2; missiles; helicopters; and trucks. These photos were taken in Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and other unidentified locations. They are stamped as official military photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Weapons, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-715 thru 745, 1949-1957
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-746 thru 749, 1949-1957
Thirty-Sixth Division, 1943-1960,
Photographs from the 36th Division that are unrelated to General John Hulen date 1943-1960. These include photos of the empty trophy room at Camp Mabry, trophies from the 36th Division pistol match and 36th Division infantry high point man competition, an office-wide photo of the U.S. Property and Fiscal Office on the grounds of Camp Mabry (featuring an index of the names of those present), and photographs sent to Colonel George Sears.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Thirty-Sixth Division, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-750 thru 758, 1943-1960
Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945,
Photographs of American, Japanese, and European military forces in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War date 1939-1945. Specifically, they depict improvised dugouts of "downtown" Japanese trenches, the arrival of Japanese reinforcements, Japanese troops barricading streets, Italian preparations for a possible attack of their quarter, the barricaded entrance to the Japanese concession, and ex-Emperor Hsuen Tung (or Xuantong, also known as Puyi, last Qing emperor) and his staff standing in front of a government building with American and foreign troops. The photographs are credited to the National Photo and News Service, San Antonio, Texas.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Second Sino-Japanese War, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-759 thru 764, 1939-1945
Non-military photographs, 1930s-1940s,
Photographs taken in the 1930s and 1940s not featuring General Hulen or the U.S. military include photos of people hunting, boats, a barn, an empty field, a deserted homestead overrun by soil accumulation (taken by the Soil Conservation Service), the Alamo, the San Antonio River Walk, and a photograph of Pompeii, Italy.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Non-military photographs, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-765 thru 778, 1930s-1040s
Postcards, 1919-1945, bulk 1919,
Postcards that were primarily sent, received, or collected by Hulen represent various locales such as France, Italy, Monaco, California, and Colorado, in the form of loose postcards and bound postcard books, dating 1919-1945. The bulk of the postcards appear to be from the year 1919.
Arrangement
These postcards are arranged by geographic subject.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Postcards, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-779 thru 858, 1919-1945
Civilian life, 1908-1957,
Photographs from Hulen's life outside of the U.S. military, dating 1908-1957, include those depicting horses; a trip to Mexico; children; portraits of friends; a train derailment; a posed photograph in front of the Dallas News Building; museum paintings of Will Rogers, Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, General John J. Pershing, and Lady Cynthia Ramsay; photographs of his work in the railroad business, such as official portraits posing in front of trains on exhibition trips with his fellow railroad executives; banquets for the 36th Division and railroad industry; Hulen and friends fishing; and birthday and holiday cards from friends and the Staunton Military Academy.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Civilian life, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250B Photos 1972/115-859 thru 938, 1908-1957
Box
PP0250C Photos 1972/115-939 thru 984, 1908-1957
Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950,
Panoramas and other oversize photographs, dating 1889-1950, include images of an encampment of the Texas National Guard in Fort Crockett; the 142nd Infantry at Camp Bowie; the 142nd Infantry at Camp Palacios; the 36th Division Camp at Camp Palacios; a large group of officers posed at Fort Sam Houston; the 36th Division train at Camp Palacios; the 71st Infantry Brigade at Camp Palacios; the 36th Division commanding general and staff; overviews of Camp Mabry, Camp Palacios, and Camp Hulen; and Governor Neff reviewing troops at Camp Mabry.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged by size.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Panoramas and oversize photographs, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PPH012 Photos 1972/115-985 thru 998, 1889-1950
Map-case
Drawer 20 Photo 1972/115-999, 1922
Box
PPH012 Photos 1972/115-1000 thru 1003, 1889-1950
Box
PPB016 Photos 1972/115-1004 thru 1030, 1889-1950
Box
PPH009 Photos 1972/115-1031 thru 1047, 1889-1950
Map-case
Drawer 20 Photos 1972/115-1048 thru 1063, 1889-1950



Scrapbooks, 1887-1948,
1.84 cubic ft.

Brigadier General John A. Hulen began his military career in the Spanish-American War and later commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935), providing military leadership for the state and nation. This series consists of nine scrapbooks, dating 1887-1948, that primarily document Hulen's military career, especially his association with the 36th Division, but also illustrate his civilian and business life. The earliest dated scrapbook begins with Hulen's military school training in 1887. His military involvement in the Spanish-American War, command of the Sixth Separate Brigade and its Texas-Mexico border patrol, World War I service, and interwar command of the 36th Division are all well documented by newspaper clippings and photographs. Two scrapbooks focus on Hulen's military retirement with clippings of news articles, event programs, and letters and telegrams from those invited to his last review of the 36th Division troops at Camp Hulen on August 16, 1935 and to the retirement dinner to honor him held on September 9, 1935. Another scrapbook details the dedication of a portrait of Hulen installed at Camp Hulen in 1942. Hulen's career as an executive of several railroad companies is illustrated primarily by newspaper clippings within three of the scrapbooks. Details for each of the scrapbooks appear within the inventory that follows.
Arrangement
These scrapbooks are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Scrapbooks, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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2-7/1335 Scrapbook of civilians, events, and associates, 1910s-1920s
[The scrapbook is missing its cover and only the first half has been filled. The majority of the photographs are civilian in nature and include portraits of Hulen in an office, dressed in civilian clothes. Pictures of a crowd lining a street were perhaps taken at a parade. Further photographs document fishing trips, likely in the Gulf of Mexico. A few photographs appear to be taken at a military base. Approximately forty-five portrait photographs of men who were Hulen's business associates and other acquaintances appear, a few of whom are identified: U.S. Senators Tom Connally and Charles A. Culberson, Vice President John N. Garner, and President Woodrow Wilson.]
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2-7/1336 John A. Hulen leather scrapbook, 1890s-1917
[The scrapbook has a leather cover with Hulen's name embossed in gold letters and only the first third of the pages are filled. It begins with photographs from 1899, when Hulen was a captain in the 33rd Infantry. One large photograph, dated September 23, 1899, depicts the officers of the 33rd Infantry, in camp at Presidio, San Francisco. Later photographs were taken along the Texas-Mexico border in 1916 and show the village and military encampment near Roma, Texas. Additional photographs were taken at Camp Scurry in Corpus Christi, Texas, and show tents and artillery reviews. Images appear of General Frederick Funston and of flags flown at half-staff after his death. One photograph, dated March 4, 1917, shows General John Joseph Pershing inspecting the troops.]
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2-7/1337 Scrapbook of newspaper clippings (Texas National Guard, Hulen's railroad career), 1910-1919
[The scrapbook is filled with clippings of newspaper articles on the Texas National Guard, particularly its patrol of the Texas-Mexico border and its actions during World War I, with a focus on Hulen. Article clippings of Hulen's career as an executive of the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway Company and other railroads are included.]
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2-7/1338 Scrapbook of Hulen's military career, 1887-1935
[The scrapbook contains photographs, newspaper clippings, and other materials that chronicle Hulen's military career, beginning in 1887 during his time in military school. A telegram order from 1898 is for a message Hulen sent to his wife, telling her that he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel at Camp Mabry, in Austin. Newspaper clippings and photographs from 1899 to 1901 detail the 33rd Infantry Regiment's activities in the Spanish-American War. Clippings from 1903 mention when Hulen took over as Adjutant General. Newspaper articles from 1905 discuss daily life at Camp Mabry. Further newspaper clippings and photographs relate to the 1916 expedition to the Mexican border. Extensive newspaper clippings report on the 1917 recruitment of additional soldiers to the Texas National Guard. Other photographs depict activities at Camp Bowie, near Fort Worth, Texas. Photographs of the George Washington, the ship the brigade traveled on to France in July 1918, are included, as are newspaper clippings that trace the brigade's movement through France. Pictures of General Hulen's staff appear, in addition to clippings that describe his homecoming and citations that he received for bravery and gallantry.]
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2-7/1339 Scrapbook of newspaper clippings on 36th Division (with focus on Hulen), 1905-1948
[The scrapbook is filled with clippings of newspaper articles of Hulen's service in the 36th Division of the Texas National Guard, military events and home front efforts during World War I, and interwar military activities of the division, with only a few concerning World War II. Clippings of articles detailing Hulen's career as a railroad executive also appear, especially for his promotion to vice president of the Fort Worth and Denver City Railway at the end of 1929. Many clippings reporting on Hulen's retirement as commander of the 36th Division and celebrations in his honor are included.]
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2-7/1340 Scrapbook of newspaper clippings on 36th Division (with focus on Hulen's retirement), 1931-1949, bulk 1935, 1945
[The scrapbook is filled with newspaper clippings mainly reporting on Hulen's last actions in command of the 36th Division in 1935, before he retired on September 9 of that year, including supervising the division's training program and his final ceremonial review of the troops. A testimonial banquet was held in Hulen's honor at which former Governor James Ferguson spoke. Many of the clippings feature images of Hulen and the division. Article clippings from 1945 mention Hulen as a retired commander or report on railroad companies Hulen worked for. Hulen's souvenir program for a luncheon in honor of Jesse Holman Jones held by the U.S. Texas Centennial Commission in 1936 appears at the end of the scrapbook.]
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2-7/1341 General John A. Hulen, Texas National Guard scrapbook, 1942
[The scrapbook focuses on the dedication of the portrait of Hulen installed at Camp Hulen and includes a program, photographs, a clipping, and congratulatory telegrams and letters. Less than half of the pages are filled.]
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2-7/1349 Scrapbook with correspondence and clippings honoring Hulen, 1935
[The scrapbook includes approximately 250 pages, about half of which feature a letter or telegram replying to an invitation to Hulen's last review of the 36th Division at Camp Hulen on August 16, 1935, usually regretting that the writer could not attend and sending congratulatory messages. The writers are military, government, and business associates of Hulen. An invitation to the event is attached at the beginning of the scrapbook and a list of those declining the invitation appears near the middle. After the list is a page featuring a clipping from the front page of the Palacios Beacon newspaper of August 8, 1935, with an appreciation and tribute to Hulen, and on the next page is a September 7, 1935 copy of The Lariat, a weekly official publication of the Fort Worth District Civilians Conservation Corps, dedicated to Hulen. Following a few clippings is an invitation to the dinner held in Hulen's honor on September 9, 1935, a sample reservation card, and the dinner program. Most of the rest of the pages contain letters and telegrams replying to the invitation, usually regretting that the writer could not attend and sending congratulatory messages. Following these are guest list pages and clippings reporting on the dinner. At the end of the scrapbook are a February 1936 issue of the insurance company publication Cravens, Dargan & Company Review, with a cover story on the San Jacinto Memorial on which construction was soon to begin, and a copy of the October 1897 issue of the illustrated monthly journal Fashions; neither of the publications mention Hulen.]