Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Hulen, John A.

An Inventory of the General John A. Hulen Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1887-1960



Overview

Creator: Hulen, John A. (John Augustus), 1871-1957.
Title: General John A. Hulen papers
Dates: 1887-1960
Abstract: These papers document the military career and life of Brigadier General John A. Hulen, who commanded the 72nd Infantry Brigade (1917-1919) and the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard (1922-1935). This collection contains correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks. The correspondence consists mainly of letters and other documents relating to recruitment activities in 1917. Photographs cover most of General Hulen's life, from his years in military school in the late 1880s to his retirement in the 1950s. Photographs from the 36th Division begin with the First World War and extend to 1960 and document military training, camp life and early airplanes. Also present are aerial photos and official portraits of military personnel in the interwar period. The scrapbooks consist of photographs and newspaper clippings that cover the course of General Hulen's military career, about 1887 to 1935.
Quantity: 6.62 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

General John Augustus Hulen was born in Centralia, Missouri on September 9, 1871. He was the son of Harvey and Fanny Morter Hulen. His family moved to Gainesville, Texas when he was two years old, where he attended public school before enrolling in Virginia's Staunton Military Academy in 1887. He subsequently attended the Marmaduke Military Academy in Missouri, from which he graduated in 1891. During this time, he joined Company G of the Third Texas Volunteer Infantry, known as the "Gainesville Rifles," as a private in 1887. He was commissioned a first lieutenant in 1889 and promoted to captain in 1893.

After graduation from Marmaduke Hulen returned to Gainesville to go into business with his father, where he began selling real estate and insurance. On Valentine's Day 1893 he married a local girl, Frankie L. Race. They would not have any children. He became a railroad executive in 1896, but was frequently called away from his work due to military service. He held many different positions for local railroads, including serving as city passenger agent in Houston, then general freight and passenger agent. He worked his way up to the position of president of the Galveston Terminal Railway, the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway, the Burlington-Rock Island Railroad, and the Houston Belt and Terminal Railroad. He also served as president of the Railway Managers Association of Texas. Hulen was also involved in banking, and served as a director of both the Fort Worth National Bank and the Second National Bank of Houston.

Although he had a successful career in the rail industry, the majority of Hulen's adult life was spent in military service. He was the commander of Troop D in the First Texas Volunteer Cavalry until 1898, when he was sent to the Spanish-American War as a brevet lieutenant colonel. He fought Philippine insurrectionists for two years in the jungle of northern Luzon as a captain for the 33rd United States Volunteer Infantry. As a result of his time there, he won the Silver Star. Governor Samuel Lanham promoted him to brigadier general when he returned to Texas in 1901. He retired from the position in 1907, but was recalled to service in 1916. From 1916 to 1917 General Hulen patrolled the Texas-Mexico border as commander of the Sixth Separate Brigade. In 1917, he was sent to Austin to assist in the reorganization of the state militia into the 36th Infantry Division. During World War I, he commanded the division's 72nd Brigade, winning the Distinguished Service Medal and the Croix de Guerre twice. He was appointed major general of the Texas National Guard in 1920, and commander of the 36th Infantry Division in 1922. He held this position until his retirement in 1935, upon which Governor James Allred promoted him to the militia's highest rank of lieutenant general.

While his military career was winding down Hulen began to take on other duties, including becoming a director of Texas Tech University (then Texas Technical College) from 1931 to 1937. He was also a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1932, and was appointed regional salvage manager of the War Production Board by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941.

Throughout his life, Hulen considered himself a Democrat and an Episcopalian, and was a member of the Masons, Shriners, and Knights of Pythias. He died on September 14, 1957 in Palacios, Texas, near the military camp that had been named in his honor.

(Sources include: Jimmy M. Skaggs, "HULEN, JOHN AUGUSTUS," Handbook of Texas Online, published by the Texas State Historical Association and accessed February 22, 2012; and an article in the Houston Post, September 15, 1957.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

This collection offers a detailed view into military life in the first half of the 20th century, along with glimpses of civilian life. The General John Hulen papers consist of correspondence, photographs, and scrapbooks, spanning the years 1887-1960. Events featured are the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, military training and military weapons in the early 20th century, aviation, and railroads.

Correspondence is comprised of incoming and outgoing letters, telegrams, and recruiting cards, dating from June 13 to July 30, 1917. The documents relate to the recruitment of soldiers for the Texas National Guard during the First World War. In addition to correspondence from General John A. Hulen, other officials mentioned include Henry Hutchings, Adjutant General of the State of Texas, and James E. Ferguson, Governor. Included are letters of recommendation in support of individuals who were interested in joining the Texas National Guard; as are completed application forms from soldier candidates and letters of instruction to local officials regarding recruitment and registration.

Approximately 1063 photographs collected by Hulen detail military and civilian life from 1889 to 1960. They document Hulen's time as a cadet, his early military service in the Spanish-American War, military training leading up to World War I, the front lines in France in World War I, military training and camp life in the interwar period, early military planes and aerial photos, official portraits of military personnel, military weapons and equipment from the years immediately following World War II, events from the 36th Division, the front lines in Japan in World War II, European and American postcards from 1919, railroad exhibitions, banquets for the 36th Division and the railroad industry, Hulen's vacations, and greeting cards.

The Hulen collection also includes three scrapbooks, dating 1887-1935. These contain photographs and newspaper clippings that chronicle Hulen's civilian life and his military career and achievements, from his years as a cadet until his retirement in 1935. One scrapbook includes portraits of General Hulen and approximately forty-five portrait photographs of gentlemen who were Hulen's business associates and other acquaintances. A few are identified: U.S. Senators Tom Connally and Charles A. Culberson, Vice President John N. Garner, and President Woodrow Wilson. The second scrapbook contains a photograph from 1899, which depicts the officers from the 33rd Infantry in camp at the Presidio, San Francisco, California. Later photographs were taken at Camp Scurry in Corpus Christi, Texas, and show tents and artillery reviews. One photograph, dated March 4, 1917, shows General John Joseph Pershing inspecting the troops. The third scrapbook consists of photographs and newspaper clippings that span General Hulen's military career, including activities in the Spanish-American War and daily life at Camp Mabry in Austin, Texas. Some clippings trace the brigade's movement through France. There are photographs of General Hulen's staff, in addition to clippings that describe his homecoming and citations that he received for bravery and gallantry.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Collection

The papers have been organized according to record type into three series. The photographs have been further organized into 17 subseries.
Correspondence, 1917, 1.5 cubic ft.
Photographs, 1889-1960, 4.18 cubic ft.
  • Cadet years, 1889-1890, fractional
  • Early military years, 1898-1916, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • World War I France, 1918-1919, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Later military years, 1919-1953, 0.25 cubic ft.
  • Aviation, 1926-1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Aerial photographs, 1926-1928, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Military portraits, undated, fractional
  • General portraits, undated, fractional
  • Weapons, 1949-1957, fractional
  • 36th Division, 1943-1960, fractional
  • Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945, fractional
  • General photographs, non-military, undated, fractional
  • Postcards, 1919-1945, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Civilian life, 1908-1957, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950, 2.46 cubic ft.
Scrapbooks, 1887-1935, 0.94 cubic feet.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Gloves provided by the Archives must be worn when examining photographs.

Scrapbooks are too fragile and/or large to be photocopied.


Subject Headings

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Connally, Tom, 1877-1963.
Culberson, Charles A., 1855-1925.
Ferguson, James E., 1871-1944.
Garner, John N., 1868-1967.
Pershing, John J., 1860-1948.
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
Corporate Names:
Texas. National Guard.
Subjects:
Military weapons--United States.
Spanish-American War, 1898.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1914-1918--Recruiting and enlistment--United States.
World War, 1914-1918--Front lines.
World War, 1939-1945.
Places:
Texas--Military units--Thirty-Sixth Division.
Austin (Tex.)
Corpus Christi (Tex.)
Camp Mabry (Austin, Tex.)
Camp Scurry (Corpus Christi, Tex.)
Presidio of San Francisco (San Francisco, Calif.)
France--World War, 1914-1918.
Japan--World War, 1939-1945.
Philippines--Spanish-American War.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--World War, 1914-1918--Recruiting and enlistment--1917.
Panoramas--Texas--Military--1889-1950.
Photographs-Texas--Military--1889-1960.
Postcards--Texas--Military--1919-1945.
Scrapbooks--Texas--Military--1887-1935.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Military--1887-1920.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas National Guard military rolls, 1902-1913, 1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 9.21 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, 1898-1904 (bulk 1898-1901), 3.97 cubic ft.
Thirty-Sixth Division Association Papers, 1857-1964 and [19--], 13 ft., 2 in. [There is no finding aid for these papers. Call numbers are 2-22/803 thru 836, 2-7/1336 thru 1343, 1349, 2-22L/14.]
Frank S. Tillman Collection, 1915-1939 and undated, 0.94 cubic ft.
Robert Wagner Collection of 36th Division Materials, [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1971, [1975?] (bulk 1942-1945), 7.75 cubic ft., 2 audio tapes, 90 maps in the Historical Map Archive, and 80 photographs and 26 negatives in the Prints and Photographs Collection.
Texas Tech University, Southwest Collection
John A. Hulen Papers, 1908-1971 and undated, 0.07 cubic ft.
Texas National Guard Records, 1900-1964, 7 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1972/115

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Thirty-Sixth Division Association in 1972.

Processing Information

Collection initially processed by staff archivists in the 1970s

DACS-compliant finding aid and XML markup by Kristin Law and Kristen Marx, students from the University of Texas at Austin, School of Information, Spring of 2012


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Correspondence, June 13-July 30, 1917,
1.5 cubic ft.

The documents relate to the recruitment of soldiers for the Texas National Guard during World War I, dating June 13-July 30, 1917. Correspondence consists of incoming and outgoing letters, telegrams and recruiting cards. In addition to correspondence from General John A. Hulen, other officials mentioned include Henry Hutchings, Adjutant General of the State of Texas, and James E. Ferguson, Governor. Letters of recommendation in support of individuals who were interested in joining the Texas National Guard are included as are completed application forms from soldier candidates and letters from Henry Hutchings regarding recruitment and registration. These letters give instructions on the forms to be completed by each county or city and are addressed to the sheriffs of all counties and the mayors of cities of over thirty thousand people. Also included are small (3.25" x 5.5") note cards that serve as a daily recruitment report and indicate the town or city, date, the number of men recruited on that day, and the total number of men recruited to date. Each is signed by a local official.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
2-23/1107 Correspondence, June 13, 1917
Correspondence, June 14, 1917
Correspondence, June 15, 1917
Correspondence, June 16, 1917
Correspondence, June 17, 1917
Correspondence, June 18, 1917
Correspondence, June 19, 1917
Correspondence, June 20, 1917
Correspondence, June 21, 1917
Correspondence, June 22, 1917
Correspondence, June 23, 1917
Box
2-23/1108 Correspondence, June 25, 1917
Correspondence, June 26, 1917
Correspondence, June 27, 1917
Correspondence, June 28, 1917
Correspondence, June 29, 1917
Correspondence, June 30, 1917
Correspondence, July 1, 1917
Correspondence, July 2, 1917
Correspondence, July 3, 1917
Correspondence, July 4, 1917
Box
2-23/1109 Correspondence, July 5, 1917
Correspondence, July 6, 1917
Correspondence, July 7, 1917
Correspondence, July 8, 1917
Correspondence, July 9, 1917
Correspondence, July 10, 1917
Correspondence, July 11, 1917
Correspondence, July 12, 1917
Correspondence, July 13, 1917
Correspondence, July 14, 1917
Correspondence, July 15, 1917
Correspondence, July 15-30, 1917



 

Photographs, 1889-1960,
4.18 cubic ft.

Approximately 1063 photographs collected by Hulen detail military and civilian life from 1889 to 1960. They document Hulen's time as a cadet, his early military service in the Spanish-American War, military training leading up to World War I, the front lines in France in World War I, military training and camp life in the interwar period, early military planes and aerial photos, official portraits of military personnel, military weapons and equipment from the years immediately following World War II, events from the 36th Division, the front lines in Japan in World War II, European and American postcards from 1919, railroad exhibitions, banquets for the 36th Division and the railroad industry, Hulen's vacations, and greeting cards. Further photographs of note include a signed picture of General Douglas MacArthur and photographs depicting the Italian front lines during D-Day of World War II.
Organization
The photographs have been organized into 17 subseries by subject by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Cadet years, 1889-1890, fractional
Early military years, 1898-1916, 0.2 cubic ft.
World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918, 0.15 cubic ft.
World War I France, 1918-1919, 0.2 cubic ft.
Later military years, 1919-1953, 0.25 cubic ft.
Aviation, 1926-1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
Aerial photographs, 1926-1928, 0.1 cubic ft.
Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936, 0.1 cubic ft.
Military portraits, undated, fractional
General portraits, undated, fractional
Weapons, 1949-1957, fractional
36th Division, 1943-1960, fractional
Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945, fractional
General photographs, non-military, undated, fractional
Postcards, 1919-1945, 0.15 cubic ft.
Civilian life, 1908-1957, 0.15 cubic ft.
Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950, 2.46 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Cadet years, 1889-1890,
fractional
This subseries consists of photographs from General John Hulen's time spent at the Staunton Military Academy in Virginia, spanning the years 1889-1890.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Cadet years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-1 and 2, 1889-1890
Early military years, 1898-1916,
0.2 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs from General John Hulen's early military career, dating 1898-1916. Present are photos from Camp Sanger in Fort Riley, Kansas, the Spanish-American War in the Philippines, and the Texas National Guard's Mexican border mobilization. Also included are photographs of Hulen's comrades who fought with him in these arenas.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Early military years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-3 thru 44, 1898-1916
World War I pre-Europe, 1916-1918,
0.15 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs chronicling training and camp life for American troops during the early years of World War I, before they were deployed to the front lines in Europe, spanning the years 1916-1917. Included are photos taken at Fort Sam Houston and troop parades in San Antonio, Texas.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), World War I pre-Europe, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247A Photos 1972/115-45 thru 68, 1916-1918
Box
PP0247B Photos 1972/115-69 thru 178, 1916-1918
Box
PP0247C Photos 1972/115-179 thru 182, 1916-1918
World War I France, 1918-1919,
0.2 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs showing American and British troops on the front lines in France during World War I, German prisoners held by said troops, and female members of the American Red Cross serving troops and prisoners, dating 1918-1919. Images include the towns of St. Voubourg, La Sheppe, Fault-Yonne, Lignieres, Dricourt in the Ardennes department, and Bligny in the Aube department. Hulen's military identification card is also present.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), World War I France, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0247C Photos 1972/115-183 thru 210, 1918-1919
Box
PP0248B Photos 1972/115-211 thru 248, 1918-1919
Later military years, 1919-1953,
0.25 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photos showing members of the 36th Division during training exercises and general camp life at Camp Mabry, Hulen posing with dignitaries such as Governor Miriam Ferguson, and members of the 36th Division in Italy and France during World War II. Included in this series is a signed photograph of General Douglas MacArthur. These photos span the years 1919-1953 and are stamped as official National Guard photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Later military years, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0248A Photos 1972/115-250 thru 269, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248B Photos 1972/115-270 thru 368A, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248C Photos 1972/115-368B thru 433, 1919-1953
Box
PP0248D Photos 1972/115-434 thru 457B, 1919-1953
Aviation, 1926-1934,
0.1 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs documenting early aviation, such as biplanes, fighter planes, pilots, and flight demonstrations, dating 1926-1934. These photos were taken at locations including Ellington Field and Camp Mabry and are stamped as official National Guard photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Aviation, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0248D Photos 1972/115-458 thru 517, 1926-1934
Aerial photographs, 1926-1928,
0.1 cubic ft.
This subseries contains official National Guard photographs taken from the air of various areas over Camp Palacios on the Texas coast. These photos span the years 1926-1928, and include photographs taken by female pilot Marjorie Stinson. They are stamped as official National Guard photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Aerial photographs, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249A Photos 1972/115-518 thru 569, 1926-1928
Box
PP0249B Photos 1972/115-570 thru 588, 1926-1928
Parades and demonstrations, 1928-1936,
0.1 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs of camp life at Camp Hulen, company reviews in front of officers and visiting generals (such as General George C. Marshall) at Camp Hulen, and parades for the general public in San Antonio. These photos span from 1928 to 1936.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Parades and demonstrations, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249B Photos 1972/115-589 thru 645, 1928-1936
Box
PP0249C Photos 1972/115-646 thru 693, 1928-1936
Military portraits, undated,
fractional
This subseries contains photographs depicting official and unofficial portraits of United States military personnel, undated. Personnel include Major General Walter Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Dallas J. Matthews, Lieutenant Colonel Horace Carmichael, Brigadier General Ninnon, General Will Jackson, and Brigadier General Henry Hutchings.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Military portraits, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249C Photos 1972/115-694 thru 698, undated
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-699 thru 707, undated
General portraits, undated,
fractional
This subseries contains portrait photographs of people who were not members of the United States military, undated. These include portraits of a man named Thomas W. Bath, unidentified civilian men and women, and unidentified members of foreign militaries.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), General portraits, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-708 thru 714, undated
Weapons, 1949-1957,
fractional
This subseries contains photographs of military weaponry, military vehicles, and the personnel who operated them, dating 1949-1957. Weapons included are tanks such as a 90 mm gun tank M47; artillery such as a 155 mm howitzer M1A2, 155 mm howitzer M44, 105 mm howitzer M37, and 105 mm howitzer M2A2; missiles; helicopters; and trucks. These photos were taken in Fort Sill, Oklahoma, a military showcase, and other unidentified locations. They are stamped as official military photographs.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Weapons, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0249D Photos 1972/115-715 thru 745, 1949-1957
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-746 thru 749, 1949-1957
Thirty-Sixth Division, 1943-1960,
fractional
This subseries contains photographs from the 36th Division that are unrelated to General John Hulen, dating 1943-1960. These include photos of the empty trophy room at Camp Mabry, trophies from the 36th Division pistol match and 36th Division infantry high point man competition, an office-wide photo of the U.S. Property and Fiscal Office on the grounds of Camp Mabry (this photo contains an index of the names of those present), and photographs sent to Colonel George Sears.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Thirty-Sixth Division, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-750 thru 758, 1943-1960
Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945,
fractional
This subseries contains photographs of American, Japanese, and European military forces in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939-1945, undated. More specifically they depict improvised dugouts of "downtown" Japanese trenches, the arrival of Japanese reinforcements, Japanese troops barricading streets, Italian preparations for a possible attack of their quarter, the barricaded entrance to the Japanese concession, and ex-Emperor Hsuen Tung (or Xuantong, also known as Puyi, last Qing emperor) and his staff standing in front of a government building with American and foreign troops. The photographs are credited to the National Photo and News Service, San Antonio, Texas.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Second Sino-Japanese War, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-759 thru 764, undated
General photographs, non-military, undated,
fractional
This subseries contains photographs unrelated to General Hulen and the United States Military, undated. They include photos of people hunting, boats, a barn, an empty field, a deserted homestead overrun by soil accumulation (taken by the Soil Conservation Service), the Alamo, the San Antonio River, and a photograph of Pompeii, Italy.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), General photographs, non-military, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-765 thru 778, undated
Postcards, 1919-1945, bulk 1919,
0.15 cubic ft.
This subseries contains postcards that were primarily sent, received, or collected by Hulen. They represent various locales such as France, Italy, Monaco, California, and Colorado, in the form of loose postcards and bound postcard books. The bulk of the postcards appear to be from the year 1919.
Arrangement
These postcards are arranged by geographic subject by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Postcards, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250A Photos 1972/115-779 thru 858, 1919-1945
Civilian life, 1908-1957,
0.15 cubic ft.
This subseries contains photographs from Hulen's life outside of the United States military, dating 1908-1957. These include photographs depicting horses; a trip to Mexico; children; portraits of friends; a train derailment; a posed photograph in front of the Dallas News Building; museum paintings of Will Rogers, Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, General John J. Pershing, and Lady Cynthia Ramsay; photographs of his work in the railroad business, such as official portraits posing in front of trains on exhibition trips with his fellow railroad executives; banquets for the 36th Division and railroad industry; Hulen and friends fishing; and birthday and holiday cards from friends and the Staunton Military Academy.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged chronologically by State Archives staff and student volunteers.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Civilian life, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box
PP0250B Photos 1972/115-859 thru 938, 1908-1957
Box
PP0250C Photos 1972/115-939 thru 984, 1908-1957
Panoramas and oversize photographs, 1889-1950,
2.46 cubic ft.
This subseries consists of panoramas and other oversize photographs, dating 1889-1950. These photos include images of an encampment of the Texas National Guard in Fort Crockett; the 142nd Infantry at Camp Bowie; the 142nd Infantry at Camp Palacios; the 36th Division Camp at Camp Palacios; a large group of officers posed at Fort Sam Houston; the 36th Division train at Camp Palacios; the 71st Infantry Brigade at Camp Palacios; the 36th Division commanding general and staff; overviews of Camp Mabry, Camp Palacios, and Camp Hulen; and Governor Neff reviewing troops at Camp Mabry.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged by size by State Archives staff.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Panoramas and oversize photographs, Photographs, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Drawer
Map drawer Photos 1972/115-985 thru 1003, 1889-1950
Box
PPB016 Photos 1972/115-1004 thru 1030, 1889-1950
Box
PPH009 Photos 1972/115-1031 thru 1047, 1889-1950
Drawer
Map drawer Photos 1972/115-1048 thru 1063, 1889-1950



 

Scrapbooks, 1887-1935,
0.94 cubic ft.

This series consists of three scrapbooks, dating 1887-1935. The first scrapbook (2-7/1335) is missing its cover and only the first half of the scrapbook has been filled. The majority of these photographs are civilian in nature. They include portraits of General Hulen in an office, dressed in civilian clothes. There are also pictures of a crowd lining the street, perhaps waiting for a parade to begin. Further photographs document fishing trips, likely into the Gulf of Mexico. All of these materials are undated, but based on the style of clothing are likely from the 1910s. There are a few photographs that appear to be taken at a military base. This scrapbook also contains approximately forty-five portrait photographs of gentlemen who are Hulen's business associates and other acquaintances. A few are identified: U.S. Senators Tom Connally and Charles A. Culberson, Vice President John N. Garner, and President Woodrow Wilson.
The second scrapbook (2-7/1336) has a leather cover with "John A. Hulen" in gold letters. Only the first third of this scrapbook has been filled. It begins with photographs from 1899, when Hulen was a captain in the 33rd Infantry. One large photograph, dated September 23, 1899, depicts the officers of the 33rd Infantry, in camp at Presidio, San Francisco. Later photographs were taken along the Texas-Mexico border in 1916 and show the village and military encampment near Roma, Texas. Additional photographs were taken at Camp Scurry in Corpus Christi, Texas. Among other things, these pictures show tents and artillery reviews. Some photographs show General Frederick Funston, and later, flags flown at half-staff after his death. One photograph, dated March 4, 1917, shows General John Joseph Pershing inspecting the troops.
The third scrapbook (2-7/1338) contains photographs, newspaper clippings, etc. that chronicle Hulen's military career. The first photographs date from his time in military school and are dated 1887. There is also a telegram order from 1898, for a telegram Hulen sent to his wife, telling her that he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel at Camp Mabry, in Austin. Newspaper clippings and photographs from 1899 to 1901 detail the 33rd Infantry Regiment's activities in the Spanish-American War. Also included are clippings from 1903 that mention when Hulen took over as Adjutant General. Newspaper articles from 1905 discuss daily life at Camp Mabry. Further newspaper clippings and photographs relate to the 1916 expedition to the Mexican Border. There are extensive newspaper clippings from the 1917 recruitment of additional soldiers to the Texas National Guard. There are also photographs depicting activities at Camp Bowie, near Fort Worth, Texas. Photographs of the George Washington, the ship the brigade traveled on to France in July 1918, are included, as are newspaper clippings that trace the brigade's movement through France. There are pictures of General Hulen's staff, in addition to clippings that describe his homecoming and citations that he received for bravery and gallantry.
Arrangement
These photographs are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Scrapbooks, General John A. Hulen papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
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2-7/1335 Scrapbook of civilians events and associates, 1887-1935
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2-7/1336 John A. Hulen leather scrapbook, 1887-1935
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2-7/1338 Hulen military career scrapbook, 1887-1935