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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Organization of the Collection

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Correspondence, 1910-1963, 1965, undated,

Printed material, 1909-1959, undated,

Photographs, about 1891-about late 1950s, undated,

Young Men's Christian Association Papers, 1916-1920, undated,

Family papers, about 1915-1965, 1972, 1988, undated,

Professional papers, 1923, after 1925, 1948, 1959-1960, undated,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Thomas P. Martin:

An Inventory of the Thomas P. Martin Collection at the Texas State Archives, about 1891-1963, 1965, 1972, 1988, undated, bulk 1917-1960



Overview

Creator: Martin, Thomas Powderly, 1887-1963.
Title: Thomas P. Martin collection
Dates: about 1891-1963, 1965, 1972, 1988, undated
Dates: bulk 1917-1960
Abstract: Thomas P. Martin served as acting chief of the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress at the end of a 30-year career as an archivist, historian, and librarian. The Thomas P. Martin collection is composed of correspondence, photographs, tintypes, visas, pamphlets, applications, newspaper clippings, reports, prints, publications, certificates and passports, and dates about 1891-1963, 1965, 1972, 1988, undated, bulk 1917-1960.
Quantity: 5.84 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written primarily in English with some phrases and letters in French and Russian, a photograph label in Spanish, and a few receipts in Japanese.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Thomas Powderly Martin, archivist, historian, and librarian, was born in Garland, Texas on January 2, 1887 to William Henry and Eliza Jane (Jackson) Martin. He graduated from Ed Bogata High School in Bogata, Texas, and continued his education at the University of Texas, Stanford (Bachelor of Arts), the University of California at Berkeley (Master of Arts), and Harvard, where he received his PhD in 1922. While at Berkeley, he met Mabelle Blanche Eppard, whom he married in 1917. The couple had two children, Mildred Jane (1919-2005, married name: Porter) and Mary Frances (1922-1960, married name: Myers). Soon after their wedding, Martin went to Russia as an educational secretary for the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association), where he was stationed in Vladivostok. In 1918, Martin returned to the U.S. where he acted as an adviser on international law to the Office of Naval Intelligence. Following his war service, Martin taught history at several higher education institutions, including the University of Texas, Radcliffe College, the Boston University and the University of Louisville. He moved to Washington, D.C. in 1927 and became assistant one year later and then acting chief of the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress. Martin retired from the Library of Congress in 1948. His youngest daughter, Mary, and her husband were killed in the Park Slope Plane crash in 1960. Martin died on March 17, 1963 in Dunn Loring, Virginia.

(Sources include: Who's Who in the Nation's Capital. Washington D.C.: Ransdell, Inc., 1938. pages 551-552; the Thomas P. Martin "Find A Grave" memorial website: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=85259912, accessed on April 23, 2013; and the collection itself.)

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

Thomas P. Martin served as acting chief of the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress at the end of a 30-year career as an archivist, historian, and librarian. The Thomas P. Martin collection is composed of correspondence, photographs, tintypes, visas, pamphlets, applications, newspaper clippings, reports, prints, publications, certificates, and passports, and dates about 1891-1963, 1965, 1972, 1988, undated, bulk 1917-1960. The collection has been divided into six series: Correspondence, Printed material, Photographs, Young Men's Christian Association papers, Family papers, and Professional papers. The majority of the Correspondence series is composed of letters either to or from Thomas P. Martin's wife, Mabelle. Much of the remaining correspondence is to or from family members, especially his parents, William Henry and Eliza Jane Martin, and his sisters, Effie, Ethel, Pearl, and Lillie, and concerns his parents' failing health and the hardships of farming in rural Texas. Other correspondence relates to Martin's difficulty in securing stable employment, service as educational secretary in Russia for the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), achieving professional recognition, ongoing historical research and travel, and after 1927, work as an archivist with the Library of Congress.

The next series, Printed material, contains publications and articles collected or received by Martin and dates from 1909 to 1959. The bulk of the material is composed of articles written by Martin himself, describing his experiences in Russia during World War I or reflecting his professional interests in areas such as archival collecting and Anglo-American trade. Most of the records in the Photographs series are images of Martin's family members or Martin himself and most likely date from about 1891 to the late 1950s.

The Young Men's Christian Association papers series consists of records produced or accumulated by Martin in connection with his work as educational secretary for the YMCA in Vladivostok, Russia during the first World War. Martin genealogical notes and family history documents make up the bulk of the Family papers series, dating from about 1915 to the death of Mabelle Martin in 1988. Finally, the last series, Professional papers, includes two bound scrapbooks of Thomas P. Martin's professional papers, correspondence related to his retirement from the Library of Congress in 1948, and an article Martin wrote about the "Pig War" in Texas involving French chargé d'affaires Alphonse Dubois de Saligny in 1841.

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Organization of the Collection

These records have been organized into six series:
Correspondence, 1910-1963, 1965, undated, 3.75 cubic ft.
Printed material, 1909-1959, undated, 0.64 cubic ft.
Photographs, about 1891-about late 1950s, undated, 0.45 cubic ft.
Young Men's Christian Association papers, 1916-1920, undated, 0.3 cubic ft.
Family papers, about 1915-1965, 1972, 1988, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Professional papers, 1923, after 1925, 1948, 1959-1960, undated, 0.5 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law.

Technical Requirements

Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives when reviewing photographic materials.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Martin, Mabelle Eppard, 1888-1988.
Martin, William Henry, 1858-1933.
Wheeless, Emily Pearl, 1890-1979.
Wood, Ethel, 1895-1989.
Neal, Effie, 1895-1988.
Martin, Lillie, 1889-1968.
Corporate Names:
Young Men's Christian Association (Vladivostok, Russia).
Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Subjects:
Dust Bowl Era, 1931-1939.
World War, 1914-1918--Russia.
Archives--Administration.
Places:
Slaton (Tex.)
Winters (Tex.)
Vladivostok (Russia)
Dunn Loring (Va.)
Document Types:
Correspondence--1910-1965.
Photographs--about 1914-late 1950s.
Tintypes (prints)--undated.
Visas--Russia--1917.
Pamphlets--Russia--1918.
Clippings (information artifacts)--1917-1963, 1988.
Reports--Russia--1917-1918.
Publications--1909 to1959, undated.
Passports--Europe--1917-1918, 1920, 1925-1926.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
Thomas P. Martin to Winnie Allen, June 30, 1944, Thomas P. Martin Biographical File
Winnie Allen to Thomas P. Martin, July 6, 1944, Thomas P. Martin Biographical File
Huntington Library, San Marino, California
Frederick Jackson Turner Papers, 1861-1932, MSS MFilm 00452
University of California, Berkeley, California
Herbert Eugene Bolton Papers, 1890-1953, bulk 1909-1951
Martin, Thomas P. The Confirmation of French and Spanish Land Titles in the Louisiana Purchase. MA thesis, University of California, 1914.
Harvard University, Houghton Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts
[These records are a collection of Russian broadsides, dating 1917-1918, donated to Harvard University by Thomas P. Martin.]
Russian Revolutionary Literature, reel 47, nos. 1112, 1121, 1123-1129, 1134, 1137, 1142, 1143, 1145, 1149, 1154, and 1156
Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Martin, Thomas P. The influence of trade (in cotton and wheat) on Anglo-American relations, 1829-1846. PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1922.
Library of Congress
St. George L. Sioussat Papers
J. Franklin Jameson Papers
LC Archives
Kautz Family YMCA Archives, University of Minnesota
World War I service card for Thomas P. Martin, 1917
Records of YMCA International Work in Russia and the Soviet Union and with Russians
Armed Services World War I-Related Records

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2012/131

This collection was donated by Patricia M. Mikelson to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission on February 20, 2012.

Processing Information

Finding aid prepared by Jessica Tucker, August 2013

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Correspondence, 1910-1963, 1965, undated,
3.75 cubic ft.

The Correspondence series is composed of letters written or received by Thomas P. Martin and dates from 1910 to 1963 and 1965. Most of the letters are either to or from Thomas P. Martin's wife, Mabelle. A large volume of this correspondence dates from the time of their courtship from 1914 to 1917. Much of the remaining correspondence is to or from family members, especially his parents, William Henry and Eliza Jane Martin, and his sisters, Effie, Ethel, Pearl, and Lillie. Many of the letters from his family concern his parents' failing health, the breakup of his sister Ethel's first marriage and the hardships of farming in rural Texas. Of special interest are the letters Martin wrote about his service in Russia with the YMCA (dating from 1917 to 1918) and correspondence with Herbert Eugene Bolton (dating 1914-1919) and Frederick Jackson Turner (dating 1915-1920), both Berkeley professors and noted Western historians. Other correspondence relates to Martin's difficulty in securing stable employment (including a disagreement with Eugene C. Barker at the University of Texas in 1926 which lead to Martin's resignation), achieving professional recognition in the field of Anglo-American history, his ongoing historical research and travel, and after 1927, work as an archivist with the Library of Congress.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically. In some cases, groups of letters have been separated out by correspondent or topic as received from the donor. However, most folders contain a mix of family correspondence, letters to and from Mabelle Martin, and professional correspondece.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, April 2013
Box
2012/131-1 Correspondence:
1910
1911
1913
Letters from Mabelle, 1914
1914:
January-August
September-December
1915:
January-April
May-July
Box
2012/131-2 August-September
October-December 13
December 14-31
Letters from Mabelle, 1915:
January-April 1915
May-December 1915
Letters from Mabelle, 1916:
January-June
July-December
1916:
January-March
April-October
Box
2012/131-3 November-December
1917:
January-February
March-April
May-June
July-December
Letters regarding Russia:
September-November 1917
December 1917-March 1918
April-May 1918
June-July 1918
August 1918
[Contains letter in Russian from D.J. Lashukin to Soma Vilyanovich, dated August 14, 1918, discussing life and work in Vladivostok.]
Box
2012/131-4 1918:
January-May, undated
June-December
1919, undated
Family letters, 1919:
January-October
November-December
1920:
January-November
December
1921
1922
1923:
January-August
Box
2012/131-5 September-December
1924
1925:
January-September
October-December, undated
University of Texas, photocopies, 1926
1926:
[Contains some University of Texas letters.]
January-March
April-June
July-October
November-December
Family letters, 1926
Box
2012/131-6 1927:
January-April
May-August
September-December, undated
Family letters, 1927
1928:
January-May
June-December, undated
Family letters, 1928
Tom and Mabelle, 1926, 1928
Family letters, 1929
1929-1930
Family letters, 1930-1931
1931
Box
2012/131-7 Family letters, 1932:
February-September
October-December
1932-1933
1934
1935
1936, 1938-1939, 1941
Mabelle letters regarding teaching, 1938-1941
1942-1944, 1946-1947
Ann Wendels Tuttle, 1946-1961, undated
1948-1949
Letters from Cornelia Bryce Pinchot, 1949
Family letters, 1950-1953
Box
2012/131-8 Tom and Mabelle:
1950-1951
1952-1954
1950-1954
[Contains some professional correspondence.]
Professional papers and correspondence, 1950-1960, undated
Tom and Mabelle, 1955-1959
1955-1956
[Includes some family correspondence and professional papers.]
Family letters, 1957-1961
Shelton family, 1958-1961
May 10-December 27, 1960
Indiana University, 1958-1961
1961
[Contains some family letters.]
1962
1963, 1965

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Printed material, 1909-1959, undated,
0.64 cubic ft.

This series contains publications and articles collected or received by Thomas P. Martin, representing both his educational background and professional accomplishments, and dates from 1909 to 1959 and undated. The bulk of the material is composed of articles written by Martin himself. Some of the articles describe his experiences in Russia during World War I while working for the YMCA while others reflect his professional interests in areas such as archival collecting and administration and Anglo-American trade. Also present are a small number of publications sent to Martin by professional colleagues, university publications from Stanford and the University of Texas at Austin (each his alma mater), and artistic prints of Western scenes.
Arrangement
The records have been separated into four groups: prints, publications, articles by Thomas P. Martin, and articles by various authors. Within those divisions, records have been arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Printed material, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, July 2013
Box
Oversize Box 46 C. H. Nichols prints, copyright 1904
"Overland," 1848, An Early Morning Sunrise
[2 copies]
East and West United, Driving the Last Spike, May 10, 1869, at Promontory Point, Utah, Connecting the Union and Central Pacific Railroads
[2 copies]
Prints of Western landscape scenes from the Standard Oil Company, undated
Box
2012/131-9 The Cactus (University of Texas annual), 1909
Box
2012/131-8 Fifty Years of Phi Beta Kappa at Stanford, 1891-1941, probably 1942
Box
2012/131-9 The Association of Cotton Textile Merchants of New York, 1918-1943, 1944
Articles by Thomas P. Martin:
The Upper Mississippi Valley in Anglo-American Anti-Slavery and Free Trade Relations: 1837-1842, 1928
Spanish Archive Materials and Related Materials in Other National Archives, 1930
Transcripts, Facsimiles, and Manuscripts in the Spanish Language in the Library of Congress, 1929
Some International Aspects of the Anti-Slavery Movement, 1818-1823, 1928
Conflicting Cotton Interests at Home and Abroad, 1848-1857, 1941
Cotton and Wheat in Anglo-American Trade and Politics, 1846-1852, 1935
The Advent of William Gregg and the Graniteville Co. (edited by Thomas P. Martin), 1945
List of References on the History of the United States, 1924
List of References on the History of the United States, 1927
The Historical Outlook including the article "The National Archives Building" by T.P. Martin, April 1933
The Historical Outlook including the article "The Experiences of a Y.M.C.A Secretary in Russia" by T.P. Martin, May 1920
Foreign Archive Materials Acquired in Reproductions by the Library of Congress under the Rockefellow Fund. -- Some Interpretations, May 1928
The Staff of Life in Diplomacy and Politics During the Eighteen-Fifties, 1944
Articles (various authors):
The Preservation of Business Records, 1937
The Executive - A Guide to Reading for Top Management, 1959
The Duties of an Educated Southerner by George P. Milton, 1930
Early Phases of the History of Independence as it Developed in the British Colonies of North America by Elizabeth S. Kite, undated
Untitled article on the Harvard Commission on Western History by Frederick Jackson Turner (reprint), 1912
The Literary Digest, July 31, 1915

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Photographs, about 1891-about late 1950s, undated,
0.45 cubic ft.

The records in this series are tintypes and photographs, dating from about 1891 to the late 1950s. Some are unlabeled and cannot be dated or identified precisely. Many of the images are of Thomas P. Martin's family members, ranging from distant relations to his children and their spouses. In addition, this series contains several photographs of Martin himself spanning his university years, Vladivostok experience, work at the Library of Congress, and retirement travels. A small number of photographs of close friends, classmates, and colleagues are also included.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by subject as received from the donor.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Photographs, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives when reviewing photographic materials.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, July 2013
Box
2012/131-10 Tintypes and early photographs, 1902, undated
Martin family photographs, about 1891, about 1900, 1917, 1920, undated
Thomas P. Martin, 1910-1914, 1925, 1931, undated
Friends of Thomas P. Martin, 1910-1911, undated
Thomas P. and Mabelle Martin, 1925, 1938, 1956, 1960, undated
Mary Frances Martin, 1922, undated
Martin family, 1909, 1917, probably 1942, 1944, 1962, undated
Passports, 1921-1922, 1925
Thomas P. Martin as teacher, probably 1908-1909
Stanford and Berkeley, 1910-1916, undated
Photocopies of photographs (Martin family and YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association) group in Vladivostok, Russia), 1917, about 1925, undated
World War I, 1908, 1917-1918, undated
[Includes Thomas P. Martin's YMCA business card.]
Bogata, Texas Concert Band, 1907
Thomas P. Martin, 1922
[2 copies]
Stanford University Concert Band, about 1910-1911
YMCA Group in Vladivostok, Russia, 1917 or 1918
Stanford University Military Band, undated
Thomas P. Martin in unidentified library, probably late 1950s
Professor E.W. Martin, undated
Unlabeled library photographs, undated
Thomas P. Martin, Bloomington, Indiana, c. 1952
Thomas P. Martin at Harvard, 1922
Unlabeled photograph, undated
Thomas P. Martin, Stanford graduation, undated
Thomas P. Martin in group, Library of Congress photograph, undated
Shelton family photographs, October 1958, undated
Box
Oversize Box 46 Photograph of Caroline Myers, Garry C. Myers, Thomas P. Martin, Mabelle Martin, Mary Myers, and Garry C. Myers, Jr. taken at the dedication of the new Highlights building in Columbus, Ohio, May 1960
Delegados a la Segunda Asamblea General del Instituto Panamericano de Geografia e Historia, Washington, EE. UU. de A., 14 al 19 de octubre de 1935

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Young Men's Christian Association Papers, 1916-1920, undated,

0.3 cubic ft.

This series consists of records produced or accumulated by Thomas P. Martin in connection with his work as educational secretary for the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association) during the first World War, including a passport, expense reports, visa, notes, instructions from the YMCA, and English translations of Russian revolutionary pamphlets, 1919-1920 and undated. They reflect his service in Vladivostok, Russia as well as his preparation for the trip and follow-up paperwork.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Young Men's Christian Association papers, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, July 2013
Box
2012/131-9 General information, 1916-1918, undated
Assorted YMCA records (includes list of participants, visa letters, and list of dates and travels), 1917-1918, undated
[Contains passport, visa and other Russian travel documents for Martin, as well as letters of introductions, list of books about America (mostly history), and a Bolshevik election handbill (with English translation on the following page) in Russian.]
Box
2012/131-11 Notes, observations, and reports written while in Russia, 1917-1918, undated
Translations of Russian pamphlets, 1918
[Includes several pamphlets originally written by Leon Trotsky.]
Financial records, 1917-1918, undated
Post-trip correspondence and questionnaire, 1918-1920, undated
[Includes letter in Russian from Martin to C.V. Anderson in New York describing Martin's life since returning to the U.S. from Vladivostok and Martin's happiness at reuniting with Mabelle.]

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Family papers, about 1915-1965, 1972, 1988, undated,
0.2 cubic ft.

Martin genealogical notes and family history documents make up the bulk of this series, dating from about 1915 (when Thomas P. Martin wrote the history of his own life to date) to 1965, 1972, 1988, and undated. The records dating after Thomas P. Martin's death were most likely collected by Mabelle and, immediately following her death, their daughter Mary Jane Porter. Also included are obituaries and death certificates for Mabelle and Thomas P. Martin, graduation certificates, and a small number of travel documents relating to Mabelle's trip to Paris and Thomas's trip to England.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Family papers, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, July 2013
Box
2012/131-11 Williams, Sarah (Mrs. Reuben Martin), family of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Vermont, 1956, undated
Chittendon-Martin family history, undated, 1956, 1962, 1972
[This information, most likely collected by Mabelle Martin, may refer to a Martin family individual unrelated to Thomas P. Martin.]
Certificates (graduation and death), obituary for Mabelle Martin, and obituary for Thomas P. Martin laminated with the 23rd Psalm, 1922, 1924, 1963, 1988
Biographical information and genealogy, about 1915-1965, undated
Obituaries for Thomas P. Martin, 1963, 1988
Box
2012/131-12 Travel documents, 1920, 1925-1926, undated
Invitation to the Notification Ceremonies of the nomination of Herbert Hoover for the office of President of the United States, 1932
War ration books, 1942, 1943, 1945
Class of 1913, Fiftieth Reunion Program and Roster, University of California, Berkeley, 1963

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Professional papers, 1923, after 1925, 1948, 1959-1960, undated,
0.5 cubic ft.

This series consists of two bound scrapbooks of Thomas P. Martin's professional papers (mostly short articles written by Martin himself), correspondence related to his retirement from the Library of Congress in 1948, and, finally, an article Martin wrote about the "Pig War" in Texas involving French chargé d'affaires Alphonse Dubois de Saligny in 1841. Many of the records, especially in the scrapbooks, are undated. The rest are dated 1923, after 1925, 1948, and 1959 to 1960.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Professional papers, Thomas P. Martin collection. Archives and Information Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, July 2013
Box
2012/131-12 Scrapbook of professional papers, 1923, undated
Scrapbook of professional papers, undated, after 1925
Library of Congress resignation papers and correspondence, 1948
Business History Conference, 1959-1960
Article entitled "Texas, France, and Pigs" by Thomas P. Martin, undated

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