Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor George W. Bush:

An Inventory of Governor George W. Bush Press Office Clippings Located at the George W. Bush Presidential Library, 1995-2000, undated, bulk 1995-1997



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1995-2000 : Bush)
Title: Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings
Dates: 1995-2000, undated
Dates: bulk 1997-2000
Abstract: Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Records in this series are news clippings. Dates range from 1995 to 2000 and undated with the bulk of records dating from 1995 to 1997.
Quantity: 103 cubic ft.
Location: The records are located at the George W. Bush Presidential Library in Dallas, Texas.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with a few clippings in Spanish.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

The governor of Texas is the chief executive officer of the state, elected by the citizens every four years. The duties and responsibilities of the governor include serving as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces; convening special sessions of the legislature for specific purposes; delivering to the legislature at the beginning of each regular session a report on the condition of the state, an accounting of all public money under the governor's control, a recommended biennial budget, an estimate of the amounts of money required to be raised by taxation, and any recommendations he deems necessary; signing or vetoing bills passed by the legislature; and executing the laws of the state. The governor can grant reprieves and commutations of punishment and pardons, upon the recommendation of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, and revoke conditional pardons. He appoints numerous state officials (with the consent of the Senate), fills vacancies in state and district offices (except vacancies in the legislature), calls special elections to fill vacancies in the legislature, fills vacancies in the United States Senate until an election can be held, and serves as ex officio member of several state boards.

The office of governor was first established by the Constitution of 1845 and superseded the office of president of the Republic of Texas. The position now exists under authority of Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution of 1876 and Texas Government Code, Chapter 401. To be elected governor, a person must be at least thirty years old, a United States citizen, and a resident of Texas for at least five years preceding the election. In 1972, the term of office was extended from two to four years, effective in 1975. Since 1856 the governor has had the use of the Governor's Mansion.

In 1999 there were 198 full time equivalent employees in the Office of the Governor. Thirteen divisions outside of the Executive Office assist the governor in carrying out his functions: Administration; Appointments; Budget & Planning; Communications; General Counsel; Legislative; Policy; Scheduling; Criminal Justice Division; Governor's Committee on People with Disabilities; Office of Film, Music, Television and Multimedia Industries; Women's Commission; and Texas Council on Workforce and Economic Competitiveness.

Major responsibilities of the Press Office (also known as Communications) under Governor George W. Bush included issuing press releases and media advisories on the activities and actions of the Governor, as well as First Lady Laura Bush; writing speeches for the Governor and the First Lady; collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans; handling requests for interviews with the Governor; and creating and maintaining the Internet web site for the Governor's Office. Karen P. Hughes served as Director of Communications until June 1999, when she became Governor Bush's presidential campaign spokesperson.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 9th and 10th eds., (1996 and 1999); the contents of the records; and versions of the Governor's Office web site during Governor Bush's term available on the Internet Archive at http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.governor.state.tx.us, accessed on March 3, 2009.)


George W. Bush Biographical Sketch

George W. Bush served as governor of Texas from January 17, 1995 to December 21, 2000, resigning as governor in the middle of his second term to become president of the United States.

He challenged the incumbent governor, Democrat Ann Richards, running on promises to improve public education and to reform the juvenile justice system, welfare, and the state's tort laws -- the system under which an injured person may sue for damages. During the 74th Legislature in 1995, he worked with the Democrats who controlled both houses of the Texas legislature and managed to get bills passed that dealt with the four issues he had emphasized in his campaign. Bush was seen as pro-business and a consensus-builder.

Bush advocated and signed the two largest tax cuts to date in Texas history, totaling over $3 billion. To pay for the cuts, he sought (unsuccessfully) federal approval of a plan to privatize Texas' social services. Education reform was a priority throughout his terms, with legislation emphasizing local control of schools, higher standards, and a revised curriculum. Controversy has followed, with charter schools mired in financial scandals and protests against one test determining a child's promotion. After winning reelection in 1998, Bush began his bid for the presidency and was not as involved in the 76th Legislature in 1999.

George W. Bush was born July 6, 1946 in New Haven, Connecticut and grew up in Midland and Houston, Texas. He graduated from Andover Academy, and received a bachelor's degree from Yale University and a master's from Harvard Business School. He served as a pilot in the Texas Air National Guard. In 1978, Bush was defeated in a run for the U.S. Congress in West Texas. He was involved in energy exploration from the 1970s into the 1980s. From 1989 until his election as governor, Bush worked with the Texas Rangers baseball organization, leading a group of partners in purchasing the team, and then serving as managing general partner. He married Laura Welch in 1977; they have two daughters.

(Sources include: Versions of the Governor's Office web site during Governor Bush's term available on the Internet Archive at http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.governor.state.tx.us, accessed on March 3, 2009.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Records in this series are news clippings. Dates range from 1995 to 2000 and undated with the bulk of records dating from 1995 to 1997. Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings are divided into four subseries: newspaper clippings (original clips), Texas Press Association clippings, Governor's news clippings, and miscellaneous newspaper clippings. Clippings are often policy-oriented, but there are also articles that are campaign- or personality-oriented. Topics cover a range of public policy issues, including gun control, tort reform, library openings, military base closings, racial profiling, and other issues.

Newspaper clippings (original clips) is composed of original newspaper clippings, January 1995 to February 2000, housed in envelopes. Each envelope contains about one week of clippings, sometimes bundled by day. At the beginning of the series, each clipping was identified by date and newspaper. Later clippings are not well identified, and there are many misfilings. Some envelopes also contain Texas Press Association (TPA) clippings and Texas Clipping Service (TCS) clippings, each identifiable by the tag pasted on the envelope.

Texas Press Association clippings is composed of original newspaper clippings, January 1995 to December 2000. Most of the clippings are still in the envelopes sent from the Texas Press Association to Karen Hughes, director of Communications, in the Governor's Press Office. Each envelope contains several days and/or weeks worth of clippings. Individual clippings are identified with a "Press Clips, Texas Press Association" tag, which also has the newspaper title pre-printed and a date stamp. Many of the articles are very brief, often containing only photographs. Smaller newspapers (such as the Alpine Avalanche, Woodlands Sun, Buna Beacon, and Dallas Novedades) are heavily represented.

Governor's news clippings, January 1995 to December 2000, are copies of Legislative Clipping Service clippings from the Texas Legislative Reference Library, plus copies labeled "Office of the Governor George W. Bush: News Clips" and some copies of clippings from the Texas Press Association (e.g., Office of the Governor News Clips Supplement, TPA Clips). Each day is in a manila folder. Most boxes contain two months or less of clippings. The "Office of the Governor" copies are printed out from the Lexis-Nexis website.

Miscellaneous news clippings, 1995 to 1997 and undated, contains various Associated Press clips and Texas Press Association clips, a mix of photocopies and originals, foldered by month and day, and a few subject folders.

[Note: The magazines and newspapers, dating 1994 to 2001, 13.62 cubic ft., collected by the Press Office were determined not to have archival value. A list was prepared to document the holdings, and the Bush Library will make a determination on whether or not to add these items to its library collection. To review this list, please submit a request to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by mail (Texas State Library and Archives Commission, P. O. Box 12927, Austin, TX 78711), fax (512-463-5436), or email (Dir_Lib@tsl.state.tx.us).]


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized into four subseries by the creating agency and State Archives staff:
Newspaper clippings (original clips), 1995-2000, 23 cubic ft.
Texas Press Association clippings, 1995-2000, 17 cubic ft.
Governor's news clippings, 1995-2000, 62 cubic ft.
Miscellaneous newspaper clippings, 1995-1997, undated, 1 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Bush, George W. (George Walker), 1946-
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor. Press Office.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Government information--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1951-
Document Types:
News clippings--Texas--Governors--1995-2000.
Functions:
Collecting and distributing copies of newspaper clippings.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office speech and press files for First Lady Laura Bush at the Texas State Archives, 1980-2000, undated, bulk 1995-2000, 6.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office speech files, 1986, 1989-2000, undated, bulk 1995-2000, 1 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2002/151

In December 2000, Governor George W. Bush designated the George Bush Presidential Library as the repository for the records from his tenure as Governor of Texas, under authority of Texas Government Code, Section 441.201. Shortly after he left office, the records were shipped to the Bush Library in College Station, Texas. Texas Attorney General John Cornyn ruled that the records are state records subject to the Texas Public Information Act and the management of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission even after transfer to a federal facility (Opinion No. JC-0498, May 3, 2002). In July 2002 the records were transferred from the Bush Library to the Texas State Archives in Austin for preparation for research use. In June 2003, a memorandum of understanding signed by representatives of the National Archives and Records Administration, the Texas State Library and Archives Commission, and George W. Bush replaced a January 2002 interim memorandum of understanding. The records were moved to the George W. Bush Presidential Library in February 2013.

Processing Information

Processed by Jessica Tucker, December 2010

Finding aid updated by Tonia J. Wood, April 2013


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Newspaper clippings (original clips), 1995-2000,
23 cubic ft.

Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Newspaper clippings (original clips) is composed of original newspaper clippings, January 1995 to February 2000, housed in envelopes. Each envelope contains about one week of clippings, sometimes bundled by day. At the beginning of the series, each clipping was identified by date and newspaper, often with a notation in ink, sometimes with a date stamp. Later clippings (e.g. August 1999) are not well identified, and there are many misfilings, although as with the Legislative Clipping Services, the date on the envelope may be the date they were collected. Some envelopes also contain Texas Press Association (TPA) clippings and Texas Clipping Service (TCS) clippings, each identifiable by the tag pasted on the envelope.
Arrangement
These records were arranged chronologically by the creating agency.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Technical Requirements
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Newspaper clippings (original clips), Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, November 2010
Box
2002/151-595 January 18-May 21, 1995
Box
2002/151-596 June 1-September 28, 1995
Box
2002/151-597 September 29-December 20, 1995
Box
2002/151-598 December 21, 1995-February 22, 1996
Box
2002/151-599 February 23-May 31, 1996
Box
2002/151-600 June 1-August 27, 1996
Box
2002/151-601 August 29-December 29, 1996
Box
2002/151-602 December 30, 1996-March 31, 1997
Box
2002/151-603 April 1-June 5, 1997
Box
2002/151-604 June 6-September 9, 1997
Box
2002/151-605 September 17-December 16, 1997
Box
2002/151-606 December 17, 1997-April 13, 1998
Box
2002/151-607 April 14-June 28, 1998
Box
2002/151-608 June 29-August 30, 1998
Box
2002/151-609 August 31-October 14, 1998
Box
2002/151-610 October 15-November 12, 1998
Box
2002/151-611 November 13, 1998-January 13, 1999
Box
2002/151-612 January 14-March 4, 1999
Box
2002/151-613 March 4-May 30, 1999
Box
2002/151-614 May 31-August 13, 1999
Box
2002/151-615 August 16-October 16, 1999
Box
2002/151-616 October 17, 1999-January 16, 2000
Box
2002/151-617 January 17-February 18, 2000



 

Texas Press Association clippings, 1995-2000,
17 cubic ft.

Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Texas Press Association clippings is composed of original newspaper clippings, January 1995 to December 2000. Gaps in the clippings exist for January to August 1997 and March to April 1999. Most of the clippings are still in the envelopes sent from the Texas Press Association to Karen Hughes, director of Communications, in the Governor's Press Office, except for a few early in the subseries which have been placed in acid-free folders. Each envelope contains several days and/or weeks worth of clippings. Individual clippings are identified with a "Press Clips, Texas Press Association" tag, which also has the newspaper title pre-printed and a date stamp. Most clips have Governor Bush's name underlined, with the number "60," both in red pencil. Occasionally there is a Texas Clipping Service clipping in the envelopes. Many of the articles are very brief, often containing only photographs. The January 1995 folder contains strictly inaugural coverage. Smaller newspapers (such as the Alpine Avalanche, Woodlands Sun, Buna Beacon, and Dallas Novedades) are heavily represented.
Arrangement
These records were arranged chronologically by the creating agency.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Technical Requirements
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Press Association clippings, Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, December 2010
Box
2002/151-618 January-December 1995
Box
2002/151-619 January-August 1996
Box
2002/151-620 September-December 1996
Box
2002/151-621 September-December 1997
Box
2002/151-622 December 1997-February 1998
Box
2002/151-623 February-July 1998
Box
2002/151-624 August-December 1998
Box
2002/151-625 March-May 1998
Box
2002/151-626 January-February 1999
box
2002/151-634 TPS NC [Texas Press Service News Clippings], May 1999
Box
2002/151-627 June-August 1999
box
2002/151-634 Amy Wenglar, July-August 1999
Box
2002/151-628 September-December 1999
Box
2002/151-629 January-March 2000
Box
2002/151-630 April-June 2000
Box
2002/151-631 June-August 2000
Box
2002/151-632 September-October 2000
Box
2002/151-633 November 2000
Box
2002/151-634 December 16-22, 2000



 

Governor's news clippings, 1995-2000,
62 cubic ft.

Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Governor's news clippings, January 1995 to December 2000, are Legislative Clipping Service clippings from the Texas Legislative Reference Library, plus copies labeled "Office of the Governor George W. Bush: News Clips" and some copies of clippings from the Texas Press Association (e.g., Office of the Governor News Clips Supplement, TPA Clips). Each day is in a manila folder. Most boxes contain two months or less of clippings. The "Office of the Governor" copies are printed out from the Lexis-Nexis website. Some of the folder labels are misleading due to the presence of bill numbers. However, this is clearly a case of folder recycling and does not represent the actual contents of the folder.
Arrangement
These records were arranged chronologically by the creating agency.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Technical Requirements
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Governor's news clippings, Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, December 2010
Box
2002/151-635 January 18-February 28, 1995
Box
2002/151-636 March 1-31, 1995
Box
2002/151-637 April 1-May 8, 1995
Box
2002/151-638 May 10-June 19, 1995
Box
2002/151-639 June 20-August 17, 1995
Box
2002/151-640 August 18-September 28, 1995
Box
2002/151-641 September 29-November 8, 1995
Box
2002/151-642 November 9-December 8, 1995
Box
2002/151-643 December 7-31, 1995
Box
2002/151-644 January 1-31, 1996
Box
2002/151-645 February 1-22, 1996
Box
2002/151-646 February 27-April 8, 1996
Box
2002/151-647 April 9-June 5, 1996
Box
2002/151-648 June 7-August 6, 1996
Box
2002/151-649 August 7-September 30, 1996
Box
2002/151-650 October 1-November 7, 1996
Box
2002/151-651 November 8-December 18, 1996
Box
2002/151-652 December 19, 1996-February 3, 1997
Box
2002/151-653 February 4-March 10, 1997
Box
2002/151-654 March 13-April 9, 1997
Box
2002/151-655 April 10-May 12, 1997
Box
2002/151-656 May 13-June 5, 1997
Box
2002/151-657 June 6-July 31, 1997
Box
2002/151-658 August 1-September 24, 1997
Box
2002/151-659 September 25-November 20, 1997
Box
2002/151-660 November 21, 1997-January 19, 1998
Box
2002/151-661 January 20-March 5, 1998
Box
2002/151-662 March 6-April 23, 1998
Box
2002/151-663 April 24-June 7, 1998
Box
2002/151-664 June 7-July 8, 1998
Box
2002/151-665 July 9-August 18, 1998
Box
2002/151-666 August 21-September 28, 1998
Box
2002/151-667 September 29-October 16, 1998
Box
2002/151-668 October 17-November 3, 1998
Box
2002/151-669 November 4-22, 1998
Box
2002/151-670 November 23-December 31, 1998
Box
2002/151-671 January 1-28, 1999
Box
2002/151-672 January 29-February 25, 1999
Box
2002/151-673 February 25-March 19, 1999
Box
2002/151-674 March 20-April 14, 1999
Box
2002/151-675 April 8-May 11, 1999
Box
2002/151-676 May 18-June 11, 1999
Box
2002/151-677 June 14-July 3, 1999
Box
2002/151-678 July 4-August 6, 1999
Box
2002/151-679 August 7-September 10, 1999
Box
2002/151-680 September 12-October 8, 1999
Box
2002/151-681 October 9-November 21, 1999
Box
2002/151-682 November 22, 1999-January 11, 2000
Box
2002/151-683 January 12-February 26, 2000
Box
2002/151-684 February 9-March 3, 2000
Box
2002/151-685 February 27-March 16, 2000
Box
2002/151-686 March 17-April 15, 2000
Box
2002/151-687 April 16-May 22, 2000
Box
2002/151-688 May 20-June 14, 2000
Box
2002/151-689 June 16-July 11, 2000
Box
2002/151-690 July 12-August 1, 2000
Box
2002/151-691 July 29-August 18, 2000
Box
2002/151-692 August 20-September 27, 2000
Box
2002/151-693 September 29-October 16, 2000
Box
2002/151-694 October 17-31, 2000
Box
2002/151-695 November 2-14, 2000
Box
2002/151-696 December 4-18, 2000



 

Miscellaneous news clippings, 1995-1997, undated,
1 cubic ft.

Major responsibilities of the Press Office for Texas Governor George W. Bush included collecting, copying, and distributing copies of newspaper clippings about the Governor, First Lady, and issues of concern to Texans. Miscellaneous news clippings, 1995 to 1997 and undated, contain various Associated Press clips and Texas Press Association clips, a mix of photocopies and originals, foldered by month and day, and a few subject folders.
Arrangement
These records were arranged first topically, then chronologically by the creating agency.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Technical Requirements
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Miscellaneous news clippings, Texas Governor George W. Bush Press Office clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Processed by
Jessica Tucker, December 2010
Box
2002/151-697 Mrs. Bush's TPA Clips, March 3, 1996-June 13, 1997
Governor's Race:
Welfare
Economy (Jobs)
Hunting
[All three folders marked 'Governor's Race' are empty.]
Miscellaneous Associated Press Clips, March 20-August 21, 1995