Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Legislature, Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad:

An Inventory of Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad Records at the Texas State Archives, 1891



Overview

Creator: Texas. Legislature. Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad.
Title: Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad records
Dates: 1891
Abstract: The Texas Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad was created to investigate the case of Jay Gould vs. the International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad Company and all the proceedings in the case, which included the receivership of the I&GN. Records of the committee consist of a typescript transcription of the oral testimony and financial and legal exhibits filed with the committee during its hearings in 1891.
Quantity: 0.5 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

The Texas Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad was created by a concurrent resolution of the 22nd Texas Legislature, Regular Session, approved by the Texas House of Representatives on March 30, 1891 and by the Texas Senate on the following day. The resolution called for the investigation of the case of Jay Gould vs. the International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad Company and all the proceedings in the case, which included the receivership of the I&GN.

Railroad financier Jay Gould acquired control of the I&GN in 1879 and leased it then to the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad Company, which Gould also controlled. In February 1889, Gould filed suit in the District Court of Smith County, Texas against the I&GN for payment of promissory notes. Creditors and parties that had personal injury lawsuits against the I&GN intervened and made counterclaims. While these suits were pending, the I&GN was put into a receivership that lasted three years.

The duration of the receivership, the complexity of the case, the amounts of money involved and the fact that there were several changes in the receivership administration led to charges of inefficiency and overpayment for their services. The railroads were under intense public scrutiny in Texas at this time. James Stephen Hogg had been elected governor in 1890 on a platform of public regulation of railroads and creation of a Railroad Commission, which was enacted in 1891.

The joint committee held hearings in Galveston from June 10 until July 3, 1891. Committee members were Representatives Alexander C. Brietz, Walter Gresham, and Andrew Todd McKinney; and Senators M.M. Crane and H.M. Garwood. The committee heard oral testimony, which was transcribed, and also examined financial and legal documents submitted to them. Upon completion of the investigation, the committee filed a report with the 22nd Legislature explaining the background of the Gould vs. I&GN Railroad case, how the receivership came about, why it lasted so long, and how it was administered. The committee found no official wrongdoing but did have some critical comments on receiverships in general and made recommendations for legislative action to improve the statutes. Eventually, Gould's claims were satisfied in the courts and the I&GN Railroad was reorganized without a change in name or ownership.

(Sources include: the guide survey completed for this material; the Texas Legislative Reference Library web site, and the committee's report, both accessed February 2012.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad was created to investigate the case of Jay Gould vs. the International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad Company and all the proceedings in the case, which included the receivership of the I&GN. Records of the committee consist of a typescript transcription of the oral testimony and financial and legal exhibits filed with the committee during its hearings in 1891. The records are divided into 46 consecutively numbered tri-folded groups of documents totaling 1871 pages. The proceedings of each day of hearings held from June 10 until July 3, 1891 are numbered from one to nineteen, totaling 390 pages. Parts of the receivership records read in evidence are numbered from twenty to forty-four, totaling 1360 pages. Financial statements from the books of the I&GN (number forty-five) total four pages, and the list of attorneys of the receivership, their compensation and duties performed (number forty-six), totals 117 pages. All of these documents appear in the committee's report cited below, published in 1892.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged in chronological order within four groups, as received from the creating agency: hearing transcripts; parts of the receivership records read in evidence; financial statements from the books of the International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad Company; and list of attorneys of the receivership, their compensation and duties performed.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

These records are tri-folded and will require humidification and flattening before they can be photocopied.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Gould, Jay, 1836-1892.
Corporate Names:
International & Great Northern Railroad.
Subjects:
Railroads--Corrupt practices--Texas.
Railroads and state--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Governmental investigations.
Document Types:
Financial documents--Texas--Governmental investigations--1891.
Legal documents--Texas--Governmental investigations--1891.
Testimony--Texas--Governmental investigations--1891.
Transcript--Texas--Governmental investigations--1891.
Functions:
Administering governmental investigations.
Investigating corruption.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Railroad Commission of Texas, Rail Division. Railroad Commission railroad history files, 1836-1996, undated, bulk 1850-1960, 6.71 cubic ft.
Railroad Commission of Texas, Transportation Division. Correspondence and reports, 1888-1948, bulk 1894-about 1935, 8.7 cubic ft.
Publications
Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. Journal of the House of Representatives of the state of Texas, 22nd Legislature, Regular Session. Austin: Standard Office, 1891.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Journal of the Senate of the state of Texas, 22nd Legislature, Regular Session. Austin: Standard Office, 1891.
Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives. Journal of the House of Representatives of the state of Texas, 22nd Legislature, 1st Called Session. Austin: Standard Office, 1892.
Texas. Legislature. Reports of the Joint Committee of the Twenty-Second Legislature Appointed to Investigate the Receivership of the I. & G.N. Railroad. Austin: Press of Deaf-Mute Institute, 1892. [This is a complete set of the committee's reports, containing all of Parts I through V, and published in two hardcover volumes. The State Archives also holds an incomplete set of the same report, containing only Parts II through IV, in paperback.]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad records, Texas Legislature. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1988/061

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by an unknown agency during the 20th century. An accession number was assigned on January 20, 1988.

Processing Information

Guide survey information compiled by Paul Beck, December 1987

Finding aid encoded in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project by Rebecca Romanchuk, February 2012


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Joint Committee to Investigate the Receivership of the International & Great Northern Railroad records, 1891,
0.5 cubic ft.

Hearing transcripts, June 10 - July 3, 1891:
Box
1988/061 1. June 10, 1891
2. June 11, 1891
3. June 12, 1891
[Evidence of H.M. Whitaker.]
4. June 13, 1891
[Evidence of H.M. Whitaker, C.T. Bonner.]
5. June 15, 1891
[Evidence of C.T. Bonner, Henry Book, I.J. Rice.]
6. June 16, 1891
[Evidence of C.F. Beach, Cone Johnson.]
7. June 17, 1891
[Evidence of Cone Johnson, R.G. Lowe, T.R. Bonner, George Clarke, W.B. Slosson.]
8. June 18, 1891
[Evidence of T.R. Bonner.]
9. June 19, 1891
[Evidence of R.G. Lowe, W.S. Herndon.]
10. June 20, 1891
[Evidence of W.S. Herndon.]
11. June 23, 1891
[Evidence of T.O. Woldert, T.N. Jones, John T. Bonner, T.E. Clements.]
12. June 24, 1891
[Evidence of F.M. Bell, N.W. Finley.]
13. June 25, 1891
[Evidence of N.W. Finley, F.J. McCord.]
14. June 26, 1891
[Evidence of F.J. McCord, J. Waldo.]
15. June 27, 1891
[Evidence of F.J. McCord, H. Chilton, E.L. Taylor.]
16. June 29, 1891
[Evidence of F.J. McCord, J.M. Duncan, J.G. Kearby, R.C. De Graffenreid, H.M. Cate, Gordon Russell.]
17. June 30, 1891
[Evidence of Gus Taylor, T.M. Campbell.]
18. July 1, 1891
[Evidence of T.M. Campbell.]
19. July 2 and 3, 1891
[Evidence of J.M. Duncan, General F. Robertson, Cone Johnson, T.M. Campbell, F.O. Becker, George B. Nickols, B.B. Cain, C.T. Bonner, H.M. Whitaker.]
20. thru 44. Parts of the receivership records read in evidence, 1891
45. Financial statements from the books of the International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad Company, 1891
46. List of attorneys of the receivership, their compensation and duties performed, 1891