Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Youth Commission:

An Inventory of Youth Commission Speeches, Presentations, and Newspaper Clippings at the Texas State Archives, 1952, 1971-2009, bulk 2000-2001



Overview

Creator: Texas Youth Commission.
Title: Youth Commission speeches, presentations, and newspaper clippings
Dates: 1952, 1971-2009
Dates (Bulk): bulk 2000-2001
Abstract: The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These records include speeches, presentations, newspaper clippings, one CD-ROM, two open reel audio tapes and one audiocassette tape created by the Texas Youth Commission and its predecessor, the Texas Youth Council, dating 1952, 1971-2009, bulk 2000-2001.
Quantity: 4.31 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Agency History

Juvenile corrections efforts by the state of Texas began in 1887 with the passage of legislation for a House of Correction and Reformatory (which later became the State Juvenile Training School) (House Bill 21, 20th Texas Legislature, Regular Session). This correctional facility for boys began operation in 1889 in Gatesville. In 1913, the 33rd Legislature authorized the creation of the Girls' Training School (House Bill 570, Regular Session), a correctional facility for girls in Gainesville. It began operation in 1916. In 1945, the legislature approved the establishment of the State Training School for Delinquent and Dependent Colored Girls (Senate Bill 46, 49th Legislature, Regular Session); located in Brady, it began operation in 1947. Between 1887 and 1920, separate boards of directors managed each of these schools and reported directly to the governor. The Texas State Board of Control, created by the 36th Legislature in 1919 (Senate Bill 147, Regular Session) took over management of the three schools from 1920 to 1949.

Additional 1887 legislation established facilities to care for dependent and neglected children. The State Orphan's Asylum (later known as the Corsicana State Home), began operation in 1889 in Corsicana (Senate Bill 261, 20th Legislature, Regular Session, 1887). Further legislation in 1887 created another home (House Bill 445, 20th Legislature, Regular Session), located in Austin, known as the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youth (later named the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). A third home was established in 1919, located in Waco (House Bill 112, 36th Legislature, Regular Session), as the State Home for Dependent and Neglected Children (later known as the Waco State Home). The state homes, as with the schools for delinquent children, were managed by the Board of Control beginning in 1920. Management of the Waco State Home passed to the Texas State Department of Public Welfare in 1939 (Senate Bill 36, 46th Legislature, Regular Session). Management of the Corsicana State Home; the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan Home; and the Waco State Home was transferred to the newly created Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools in 1949 (House Bill 1, 51st Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1947, the 50th Legislature created the State Training Code Commission (Senate Concurrent Resolution 34, Regular Session), composed of seven members appointed by the governor, to study the state schools for delinquent children and examine the problem of juvenile delinquency. It was to determine changes that would improve the administration of the schools and enable them to more nearly accomplish their broad social objectives. The commission's report to the 51st Legislature resulted in the creation of the Texas State Youth Development Council.

The Texas State Youth Development Council was created in 1949 (House Bill 705, 51st Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of six "influential" citizens appointed by the governor with the consent of the senate, and eight ex-officio members: Chairman, Board of Control; Executive Director, Department of Public Welfare; Commissioner of Education; Executive Director, Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools; State Health Officer; Director, Texas Department of Public Safety; Executive Secretary, Texas State Parks Board; and Chairman, Texas Employment Commission. The governor appointed the chair. The purpose of the council was to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls.

The State Youth Development Council became the Texas Youth Council in 1957 (Senate Bill 303, 55th Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of three members appointed by the governor with consent of the senate, to six year overlapping terms, and the members elected the chair. The members were to be citizens recognized in their communities for their interest in youth. The size of the commission increased to six in 1975 (Senate Bill 278, 64th Legislature, Regular Session). The Youth Council had the same duties as the State Youth Development Council, with the additional mandate to provide parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). During the 1970s the Youth Council initiated a county juvenile probation subsidy program that was transferred to the newly created Texas Juvenile Probation Commission in 1981 (House Bill 1904, 67th Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1971, a class action lawsuit, Morales v. Turman, was brought against the Texas Youth Council, its officers, and staff by children confined in the juvenile corrections facilities. In response to the lawsuit, changes were initiated in the way juvenile correction facilities were operated.

The Texas Youth Council was renamed as the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) in 1983 (Senate Bill 422, 68th Texas Legislature, Regular Session). The duties of the commission included providing services to delinquent youths between 10 and 21 years of age through programs and facilities that administer constructive training for rehabilitation. The TYC operated under the Texas Human Resource Code, Title 3, Chapter 61, as the state's juvenile correction agency. Under Title 3 of the Texas Family Code, the TYC provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of those youth convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. The TYC protected the identities of youth admitted to their facilities by keeping personal information confidential (such as names and home addresses) and not allowing photographs of the children to be taken (without permission of the child) as required by the Texas Family Code, Section 58.005.

In 1995, the 74th Legislature passed an omnibus juvenile justice reform package, House Bill 327 (Regular Session), that changed the way juvenile justice was administered in Texas. The bill expanded the offenses for which a youth could receive a determinate sentence (sentence with a fixed term) to include most violent offenses, such as murder, rape, and aggravated assault. It also enabled supervision of youth to continue into the adult criminal justice system; lowered the age that a juvenile could be tried as an adult from 15 to 14; and directed that both the most violent juvenile defenders and mentally ill delinquent youth be sent to the TYC. In light of this new legislation, TYC provided greater structure, strictly enforced discipline, and increased accountability of the delinquent youth in their programs.

Youth committed for minor offenses are the responsibility of local governments. The TYC received the most serious offenders with longer sentences. These comprised two categories: committed juveniles and sentenced offenders. Committed juveniles were sent to the commission by juvenile courts after adjudication, allowing the Youth Commission to determine the length of stay and the type of services provided (e.g., Capitol Offender Program or Chemical Dependency Program). The second category, sentenced offenders, were given a specific sentence through determinate sentencing status and could not be released prior to their sentence termination.

The TYC directly operated fourteen correctional institutions and nine community-based residential programs and contracted with private sector providers for a variety of residential programs. Through these institutions and facilities the TYC provided accredited secondary education, vocational training, and several specialized programs concerning sex offenders, capital offenders who have committed murder, chemical dependency, resocialization, independent living preparation, mentally retarded youth, and seriously emotionally disturbed youth. The TYC also operated a parole system for supervision of youth released from residential programs.

The TYC also administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The ICJ provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (AJCA). The AJCA holds annual meetings and sponsors mid-winter workshops on relevant juvenile issues.

In 2011, the TYC and the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (TJPC) were abolished and their operations were transferred to the newly-created Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) (Senate Bill 653, 82nd Legislature, Regular Session). The TJJD works in partnership with local county governments, courts, and communities to promote public safety by providing support and services to any individual who is at least 10 years old but not yet 17 at the time he or she committed an act defined as "delinquent conduct" or "conduct in need of supervision," from the time of initial contact through the end of supervision.

According to an internal agency history (and repeated by the Handbook of Texas) the roots of the Youth Commission extend back to 1859 when the 8th Legislature authorized separate corrections facilities for children (the age of criminal responsibility was nine at this time; it was raised to seventeen in 1918). No funding was provided and such facilities were not established until 1887. The State Archives is unable to locate the 1859 legislation referred to in these sources.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, various editions; General and Special Laws, various years; Jasinski, Laurie E."Texas Youth Commission," Handbook of Texas Online; Texas Juvenile Justice Department website; and the Texas Youth Commission website via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at https://web.archive.org/web/*/tyc.state.tx.us; all accessed on September 26, 2016; and the records themselves.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These records include speeches, presentations and newspaper clippings, one CD-ROM, two open audio reel tapes and one audiocasette tape, created and collected by the Texas Youth Commission and its predecessor, the Texas Youth Council, dating 1952, 1971-2009, bulk 2000-2001.

Speeches and presentations are addresses given by officials of the TYC, dating 1988-1994, 1996-2009, undated. Speakers include Executive Director Steve Robinson; Deputy Executive Director Dwight Harris; Director of Prevention Judy Briscoe; Dr. Linda Reyes, and various other TYC staff members and guest speakers. Topics of the speeches and presentations concern preventing abuse and neglect of children; breaking the cycle of violence in families that leads to continuing patterns of abuse and/or neglect; the operation of the agency, consisting largely of charts, graphs, and statistics; juvenile crime and prevention; gang awareness; resocialization; and an overview of the Youth Commission including job satisfaction, performance measurement and accountability. The earliest presentations are two open reel audio tapes created by Harris Media. One CD-ROM is included with the text of a speech.

Newspaper clippings include online and print media articles along with one audiocassette tape collected by Texas Youth Council and TYC. These clippings were shared internally and they date 1952, 1971-1985, 1997-2009. The articles discuss legal cases, budget cuts, state legislation changes, programs, board meetings, TYC awards, agency news and TYC press releases, editorials and opinions, education issues, TYC staff actions, TYC youth escapees and death reports, and facility openings, conditions, and closings. Newspapers and magazines represented include The Dallas Morning News, Texas Weekly, Austin American-Statesman, Austin Chronicle, Houston Chronicle, San Antonio Express, and various local Texas city papers. The audiocassette tape is a recorded news story from NPR's Morning Edition.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


Organization of the Records

The records are organized into two series:
Speeches and presentations, 1988-1994, 1996-2009, undated, 2.1 cubic ft.
Newspaper clippings, 1952, 1971-1985, 1997-2009, 2.21 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Because of the possibility that portions of these records, Speeches and presentations, fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552).

The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail (Texas State Library and Archives Commission, P.O. Box 12927, Austin, TX 78711), fax (512-463-5436), email (director.librarian@tsl.texas.gov), or see our web page (https://www.tsl.texas.gov/agency/customer/pia.html). Include enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Researchers wishing to access audiotapes must contact State Archives staff to obtain the necessary equipment.

To view electronic data on the CD-ROM, please contact Archives staff for appropriate hardware/software.

Preservation concerns dictate that open reel audio materials cannot be played on site for researchers. Researcher access to open reel audio and film is dependent upon first arranging to transfer that outdated media to more contemporary media, at the researcher's expense.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas Youth Council.
Subjects:
Juvenile justice, Administration of--Texas.
Juvenile corrections--Texas.
Document Types:
Speeches (documents)--Texas.
Presentations (communicative events)--Texas.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas.
CD-ROMs--Texas.
Audiocassettes--Texas.
Tape reels--Texas.
Functions:
Administration of juvenile corrections.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated, bulk 1935-1953, 103.47 cubic ft. [Restricted].
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission executive correspondence and meeting files, 1982-1996, 5 cubic ft.
Texas Juvenile Justice Department meeting files, 2011-2014, 1.25 cubic ft. [These records are unprocessed. Call number is 2016/193.]
Texas Youth Commission executive office records, 1916, 1931-1936, 1953, 1961-2009, 1.95 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Youth Commission speeches, presentations, and newspaper clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1999/164, 2003/132, 2006/072, 2007/054, 2007/203, 2008/004, 2010/070, 2014/044

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28, 1999; March 14, 2003; November 17, 2005; November 9, 2006; July 27 and September 7, 2007; and February 16, 2010; and from the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.

Processing Information

Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, October 2004

Series removed from larger inventory and new accessions added by Halley Grogan, September 2016


Detailed Description of the Records

Speeches and presentations, 1988-1994, 1996-2009, undated,
2.1 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These records are speeches and presentations given by TYC officials, dating 1988-1994, 1996-2009, undated.
When the speaker is known, that information is included with the title of the speech or presentation. Known speakers include Executive Director Steve Robinson; Deputy Executive Director Dwight Harris; Director of Prevention Judy Briscoe; and Dr. Linda Reyes. Various other TYC staff members and guest speakers are also represented in these records. Topics of the speeches and presentations concern preventing abuse and neglect of children; breaking the cycle of violence in families that leads to continuing patterns of abuse and/or neglect; the operation of the agency, consisting largely of charts, graphs, and statistics; juvenile crime and prevention; gang awareness; resocialization; and an overview of the Youth Commission, including job satisfaction, performance measurement and accountability. The earliest presentations are two open reel audio tapes created by Harris Media. Later presentations also include paper copies of presentation slides, and there is one instance of a CD-ROM accompanying the text of a speech.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Speeches and presentations, Texas Youth Commission speeches, presentations, and newspaper clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/164, 2003/132, 2006/072, 2007/054, 2007/203, 2010/070, 2014/044
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28, 1999; March 14, 2003; November 17, 2005; November 9, 2006; July 27, 2007; and February 16, 2010; and from the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Technical Requirements
To view electronic data on the CD-ROM, please contact Archives staff for appropriate hardware/software.
Preservation concerns dictate that open reel audio materials cannot be played on site for researchers. Researcher access to open reel audio and film is dependent upon first arranging to transfer that outdated media to more contemporary media, at the researcher's expense.
Processing Information
Processed by Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, October 2004
Series removed from larger inventory and four new accessions by Halley Grogan, September 2016
Box
2007/203-15 TYC slide presentation, master, produced by Harris Media,June 30, 1998
[one tape reel]
[Restricted.]
Texas Youth Commission, produced by Harris Media,July 5, 1998
[one tape reel]
[Restricted.]
Box
2006/072-1 "Consolidating of the Juvenile Justice System - Issues and Opportunities," draft, Executive Director Steve Robinson, January 23, 1991
"Accomplishments, 1992-1993 Biennium," Executive Director Steve Robinson, January 20, 1994
Box
1999/164-3 Speech, to the Harris County legislative delegation, 1994
Remarks to the 7th Annual Local Government Seminar, Executive Director Steve Robinson, 1994
Speech, Director of Prevention Judy Briscoe, [audience unknown], 1996
Box
2006/072-2 Parole Program, Executive Director Steve Robinson,June 9, 1997
Box
2010/070-5 Psychodrama presentation, Treatment Conference, October 21-22, 1997
Box
1999/164-3 Speech, Director of Prevention Judy Briscoe, [audience unknown], about 1997
Speech, Deputy Executive Director Dwight Harris, [audience unknown], about 1997
Box
2006/072-2 "Texas Youth Commission," Three Stories of Prevention, John D. Walker, September 28, 1998
"Winning the Stanley Cup Final Series is Related to Incurring Fewer Penalties for Violent Behavior," Steven T. McCaw and John D. Walker, 1998
"An Ounce of Prevention," presentation, Executive Director Steve Robinson, August 6, 1999
"Texas Youth Commission" overview, American Corrections Association Conference, Executive Director Steve Robinson, August 11, 1999
Box
2006/072-1 "Today's Texas Youth Commission," speech to the Oakes Club, San Antonio, Executive Director Steve Robinson, November 9, 1999
Box
2010/070-4 Position papers, 1999
Box
2010/070-5 Comprehensive Strategy for Gang Management, 1999
Box
2003/132 Remarks to Executive Women in Texas Government Luncheon, Austin; and remarks to the Oakes Club, San Antonio, Executive Director Steve Robinson, 1999-2000
Box
2006/072-1 "Today's Texas Youth Commission," notes for KLUP Radio San Antonio interview, Executive Director Steve Robinson, January 2, 2000
"Today's Texas Youth Commission," remarks to Executive Women in Texas Government luncheon, Executive Director Steve Robinson, January 26, 2000
"Emerging issues: Their Impact on Juvenile Justice Agencies," panel discussion, Millennium Seminar, Sam Houston, Executive Director Steve Robinson, June 21, 2000
Box
2006/072-2 "Prevention and Early Intervention in Rural Communities," Director of Prevention Tracy A. Levins, Executive Director Steve Robinson, June 26, 2000
Box
2006/072-1 "Juvenile Crime and the Importance of Prevention," remarks to Austin Northwest Rotary Club, Executive Director, Steve Robinson, July 21, 2000
Box
2006/072-2 "Brain Development and Learning," Chief of Staff and Director of Delinquency Prevention Judy Briscoe and Executive Director Steve Robinson, July 28, 2000
Box
2003/132 Remarks to the Austin Northwest Rotary Club, Executive Director Steve Robinson, 2000
"Emerging Issues: Their Impact on Juvenile Justice Agencies," panel discussion, Millennium Seminar, Sam Houston State University, Executive Director Steve Robinson, 2000
Box
2006/072-1 Lunch with the Romeo Club, Executive Director Steve Robinson, January 8, 2001
"Stop the Violence," presentation to the O'Henry Middle School Assembly, Executive Director Steve Robinson, April 6, 2001
Box
2010/070-6 MHMR (Mental Health and Mental Retardation) - partnering with JJ, June 6, 2001
Box
2006/072-1 "Prevention: It doesn't take a Genius," LonestaRG III, Executive Director Steve Robinson, November 23, 2001
Keynote address, Second Annual PACE graduation ceremony, Executive Director Steve Robinson, December 12, 2001
Box
2010/070-2 Presentations, 2001
Box
2006/072-1 Volunteer recognition, Corpus Christi, Executive Director Steve Robinson, February 29, 2002
"Welcome to Texas and the AJCA Mid-Winter Workshop," presentation to Association Juvenile Compact Administrators, Executive Director Steve Robinson, March 26, 2002
Box
2010/070-2 Hamilton State School, future presentation, 2002
[1CD-ROM]
Box
2006/072-1 "A Talk with the Tough Love Group," Tarrytown United Methodist Church, Executive Director Steve Robinson, April 10, 2003
"Leadership Development Program, Panel Presentation, Correction Management Institute of Texas," Sam Houston State University, Executive Director Steve Robinson, May 8, 2003
Box
2014/044-38 Speeches, September 2003
Box
2006/072-2 "Case Management," Executive Director Steve Robinson, April 29, 2004
"Using Effective Schools Practices to Recover Youth Behind the Razor-Wire Fence," Superintendent of Education Dr. Deborah Nance, , Puerto Rico, May 2004
"Resocialization and Specialized Treatment Programs," Dr. Linda Selness Reyes, Puerto Rico, May 2004
"There is Life after Second Grade," Director of Special Education Dr. Forrest A. Novy, Puerto Rico, May 2004
Box
2007/054-1 Presentations, 2004-2005
Box
2014/044-36 Administration conference presentations, 2004-2006
Box
2006/072-2 "Juvenile Correctional Officer Retention Survey, Survey of Job Satisfaction with Current and Former JCO's," presentation, Executive Director Steve Robinson,February 28, 2005
Texas Correctional Association Annual Conference, legislative update speech, Dwight Harris, June 14, 2005
Presentations from the Administrator's Conference, Executive Director Steve Robinson,September 21-22, 2005
Box
2010/070-2 Youth on Parole recommendations, policy changes to Executive Council, January 23, 2006
Box
2007/054-1 Presentations, 2006
Box
2014/044-7 Loose, papers,2006-2007
Guide to Performance Measure Management, 2006 edition, August 2006
Understanding the Role of the Performance Accountability Specialist in Results Driven Management, Performance Accountability Training, September 2007
PbS Goals, Standards, Outcome Measures, Expected Practices and Processes, Spring 2007
Box
2014/044-39 Presentations, 2007
Box
2014/044-5 On-the-Job Training (OJT), January 29-30, 2008
Box
2014/044-1 Joint Legislative Committee, public hearing, April 16, 2008
[wallet]
Box
2014/044-63 Meetings, May 2008
Box
2014/044-17 TWIC (Texas Workforce Investment Council) - TYC presentation, June 2009
Box
2006/072-2 "Basic Gang Awareness," by Joel Combs, undated
Box
2014/044-25 Resocialization Program and Phase Assessment, undated
Box
2014/044-26 Overview: TYC's Resocialization, undated



Newspaper clippings, 1952, 1971-1985, 1997-2009,
2.21 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of those youth convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth, and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These records including newspaper clippings and one audiocassette tape of issues related to the Texas Youth Commission and its predecessor the Texas Youth Council, dating 1952, 1971-1985, 1997-2009.
The newspaper clippings include online and print media that staff collected and sent internally between staff members. The articles discuss legal cases, budget cuts, legislation changes, programs, board meetings, awards, agency news and press releases, editorials and opinions, education issues, staff actions, youth escapees and death reports and facility openings, conditions, and closings. Newspapers and magazines represented include The Dallas Morning News, Texas Weekly, Austin American-Statesman, Austin Chronicle, Houston Chronicle, San Antonio Express, and various local papers. The audiocassette tape is a recorded news story from NPR's Morning Edition.
These newspaper clippings are not to be confused with brochures or newsletters created by TYC throughout it's history for the purpose of documenting life within various facilities. For those records, see the finding aid Youth Commission executive office records, 1916, 1933-1936, 1953, 1961-2009, 1.95 cubic ft.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Newspaper clippings, Texas Youth Commission speeches, presentations, and newspaper clippings. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 2006/072, 2008/004, 2014/044
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on November 17, 2005 and September 7, 2007; and from the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers wishing to access audiotapes must contact State Archives staff to obtain the necessary equipment.
Processing Information
Processed by Halley Grogan, September 2016
Box
2014/044-13 Newspaper clippings, 1952
[wallet]
[Includes adhesive album pages with loose newspaper clippings. Very fragile.]
Box
2014/044-51 Newspaper clippings, 1970s
[photo album]
Box
2014/044-13 Newspaper articles and Texas Observer, 1971
Box
2014/044-52 Newspaper clippings, 1975-1976
[wallet]
Newspaper clippings, 1975-1976
[2 wallets]
Box
2014/044-41 Newspaper clippings, December 1979 - March 1980
Newspaper clippings, 1979-1981
Box
2014/044-13 Newspaper clippings, 1983-1985
Newspaper clippings, 1984-1985
Box
2014/044-20 Loose, newspaper clippings and magazines, 1997-2004
NPR's Morning Edition, Cisco - Gatesville, July 2000
[1 audiocassette tape]
Box
2008/004-9 Newspaper clippings, September 2002
Box
2006/072-4 Clippings, Crockett School, September - October 2002
[wallet]
Box
2014/044-8 Newspaper articles, 2007
Box
2014/044-2 Newspaper articles, 2009