Texas Department of Health:
An Inventory of Department of Health Organization Charts at the Texas State Archives, 1967-2004
Until it was abolished in 2004 and absorbed into the Texas Department of State Health Services, the Texas Department of Health was the latest successor in a line of health-related state agencies: the Texas Quarantine Department (1879-1903), the Texas Department of Public Health and Vital Statistics (1903-1909), the Texas State Department of Health (1909-1975), the Texas Department of Health Resources (1975-1977). The department became the State of Texas' primary agency for public health planning, services, and regulation.
During the course of the 20th century, the responsibilities of the Department continued to evolve from its original concern to isolate and prevent epidemic diseases such as cholera, smallpox, and typhoid fever. In 1903, the 28th Legislature, in Senate Substitute Bill 168, assigned to the Department the task of maintaining birth and death records and changed its name to the Texas Department of Public Health and Vital Statistics to reflect its new role. Six years later, in 1909, the name was changed again to the Texas State Department of Health, as growing concern over the safety and purity of food and water supplies resulted in new legislation at both the federal and state levels. The enforcement responsibilities were given to the public health agencies. During the Depression, new federal laws encouraged the states to provide limited kinds of medical and dental care for the poor. In 1946 the U.S. Hospital Survey and Construction Act began providing matching federal funds for hospital construction and renovation under the Hill-Burton program in coordination with state health agencies. Late in the century the Texas Department of Health developed a variety of disease-prevention programs. In 1975 (House Bill 2164, 64th Legislature, Regular Session), the Texas Health Planning and Development Act added the responsibility of overall planning of all health facilities and services in the state, and the State Department of Health became the Texas Department of Health Resources, governed by the Board of Health Resources. Their names were changed to the Texas Board of Health and the Texas Department of Health in 1977.
From 1991, the Department of Health acted under the budgetary oversight of the Health and Human Services Commission, which acted as an umbrella organization to integrate the strategic planning and budget request processes for the state's major health and human services agencies. By 2002, the agency had over 5500 employees and an annual budget in excess of $6 billion (including federal funds).
The Texas Department of Health consisted of the Commissioner of Health, the administrative staff, and the chest hospitals at San Antonio and Harlingen. By 1999, the Commissioner of Health headed an Executive Deputy Commissioner and four deputy commissioners. The deputy commissioners led Community Health and Prevention with six subsidiary bureaus; Health Care Financing with nine subsidiary bureaus; Public Health Sciences and Quality with ten subsidiary bureaus; and Administration which provided support services, legal services, and management and administrative services. Additionally, the Department was associated with the Texas Medical Disclosure Panel, the Texas Radiation Advisory Board, the Council of Sex Offender Treatment, the Toxic Substances Coordinating Committee, and the Health Professions Council.
House Bill 2292 (78th Texas Legislature, Regular Session, 2003) merged twelve state health and human services agencies into five, officially abolishing the Texas Department of Health (effective September 1, 2004) and creating the new Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS). DSHS took over all of the "powers, duties, functions, programs, and activities" of the Department of Health. (In addition it assumed the duties of the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, the Texas Health Care Information Council, and the mental health and state hospital operations formerly under the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation.) The governing body is the DSHS Council, composed of nine members of the public appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the state senate. These nine members, representing all geographic areas of the state and reflecting the ethnic diversity of the state, "must have demonstrated an interest in and knowledge of problems and available services related to public health, mental health, or substance abuse." They serve staggered six-year terms.
(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 11th edition (2001); the DSHS website, http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/, accessed October 2006; and the enabling legislation (1903, 1909, 1975, 1977, 2003).)
Until it was abolished in 2004 and absorbed into the Texas Department of State Health Services, the Texas Department of Health was the latest successor in a line of health-related state agencies that served as the state's primary agency for public health planning, services, and regulation. Records consist of organizational charts of the Texas Department of Health, 1967-2004, that graphically illustrate the structure of various organizational units within the Department. Charts cover a variety of administrative structures at the division, bureau, department, office, and program levels but do not include material covering either the upper levels of agency administration or the entire agency at all levels. When personnel changes are made, the charts for each appropriate division or department are updated and re-generated. Some of the charts are marked to indicate vacant positions, individual positions that work under or are funded by multiple or different divisions, positions that are funded by the national Centers for Disease Control, and reporting responsibilities that are not reflected in the physical structure of the charts.
Sectors of the Department of Health covered, at least in part, by the charts include: Policy and Operations; Tuberculosis Elimination Division; Zoonosis Control Division; Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Surveillance; Bureau of Communicable Disease Control; Public Health Promotion Program; Bureau of Nutrition Services and subsidiary divisions; divisions of Community Health and Resources Development; Bureau of Women's Health; Bureau of Children's Health; Bureau of HIV and STD Prevention; Bureau of Regional/Local Health Operations; Bureau of Epidemiology; Bureau of Radiation Control and subsidiary divisions; Texas Birth Defects Monitoring Division; Pharmacy Division; Immunization Division; and assorted internal administrative divisions.
To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.
Restrictions on Access
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
(Identify the item), Texas Department of Health organization charts. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession numbers: 2001/060, 2002/055, 2003/023, 2004/037, 2005/108
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by various divisions of the Texas Department of Health between November 2000 and April 2001; between November 2001 and July 2002; between October 2002 and July 2003; and between October 2003 and May 2004; and by the Texas Department of State Health Services on February 14, 2005.
Nancy Enneking, August 2001, September 2002
Rebecca Romanchuk, October 2006
Detailed Description of the Records