Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee to Investigate the Milk Industry of Texas:
An Inventory of the Report at the Texas State Archives, 1935
The Texas Legislature's House Committee to Investigate the Milk Industry of Texas came into existence as a result of two House Simple Resolutions (later numbered 105 and 140). On March 28, 1935, during the Regular Session of the 44th Legislature, Representative Hardin introduced a simple resolution (No. 105) condemning the practices of Borden, Inc. and its relationship with the dairy farmers of Texas. Hardin proposed a committee of five to investigate the activities of such trusts and corporations and to recommend laws to protect Texas citizens. The resolution was referred to the Committee on Federal Relations, which recommended its passage on April 23. Hardin then amended his resolution to ask that a committee of three investigate all dairy and food products corporations in Texas. Subsequent amendments brought the number of committee members back to five and slightly altered the scope of the investigation. The resolution, now asking for an investigation of "the charges of unfair practices within the dairy industry of this State and the causes of the decline in the price of milk paid to the producers" passed on April 23. Representatives Ross Hardin, Traylor Russell (Chair), John W. Fain, Herman Jones of Wise County, and Verner M. Butler of Karnes County were appointed to the Committee to Investigate the Milk Industry of Texas on May 11, 1935.
The committee was originally to report back to the Legislature by the end of the First Called Session (1935) but, since members had finished taking testimony but had been unable to complete the final report, Representative Russel requested an extension (House Simple Resolution #?) until the Second Called Session. The report was finally printed in the House Journal on November 14, 1935, during the Second Called Session of the 44th Legislature, 1935. The report discussed the current relationship between milk producers and distributors, the Houston milk shed (as an example of the best milk production organization in the state), anti-trust violations, and the cream grading program. The committee recommended the creation of a state agency to supervise the dairy industry, the licensing of dairy plants and those who tested milk and cream, the passage of legislation to prevent price manipulation for purchasers of milk products, the passage of a usage law requiring an accurate account of the quantity and class of milk products purchased, the establishing and enforcing of standards for milk sale and labeling, the enforcement of the weight and test law, and the abolishment of the current cream grading program. Legislation based on the recommendations was introduced by Representative Hardin during the Regular Session of the 45th Legislature, 1937.
The record consists of the 11 page final report of the Texas Legislature's House Committee to Investigate the Milk Industry of Texas, 1935. The report discusses the relationship between milk producers and distributors in Texas, the Houston milk shed, anti-trust violations, and the cream grading program. The report is signed by the five committee members and stamped with the date (November 14, 1935) it was received and filed in the office of the Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives.
To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.
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(Identify the page), Report, Committee to Investigate Milk Industry of Texas, House of Representatives, Texas Legislature. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession number: 2000/194
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Secretary of State on May 23, 1940. An individual accession number was assigned to this record on August 21, 2000.
Nancy Enneking, August 2000
The House Journal for the Second Called Session of the 44th Legislature contains a published copy of the committee's final report.
Detailed Description of the Collection