Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Legislature, Senate:

An Inventory of Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson Records at the Texas State Archives, 1975-1991, bulk 1988-1991



Overview

Creator: Texas. Legislature. Senate.
Title: Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson records
Dates: 1975-1991
Dates: bulk 1988-1991
Abstract: The Texas House of Representatives and Senate are the two arms of the Texas state legislature, which the Texas Constitution (Article III, Section 1) vests with all legislative power of the state. Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson's records reflect her efforts to represent House District 33 and Senate District 23; legislation dealing with domestic violence, hate crimes, child care standards, and education; and her involvement in redistricting activities. Johnson's records also reflect her membership on the Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities. Types of records include memoranda, correspondence, copies of bills, fiscal notes, bill analyses, impact statements, agenda, resumes, testimonies, press releases, news clippings, publications, reports, statistics, maps, notices of public hearings, petitions, and speeches. Records date from 1975 to 1991, bulk 1988-1991, the latter dates corresponding to the 71st and 72nd Texas Legislative Sessions.
Quantity: 11 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with scattered Spanish throughout.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

The Texas Senate is one arm of the legislature of the state of Texas (the other being the Texas House of Representatives), which the Texas Constitution (Article III, Section 1) vests with all legislative power of the state. The primary legislative power is enacting laws, and the most visible function of the legislature is to make public policy through drafting, considering and passing bills and resolutions. By virtue of office, the lieutenant governor is president of the Senate, with the right to debate and vote on questions in committee of the whole and the right to cast the deciding vote when the chamber is equally divided. The senate elects one of its members president pro tempore to perform the duties of the lieutenant governor during his or her absence or disability, or when the office is vacant. The 1876 Constitution fixes the number of senators at 31, elected from senatorial districts according to state constitutional guidelines to serve overlapping four-year terms. A senator must be at least 26 years old, a qualified voter, and a resident of Texas for at least five years and of the district represented for at least one year immediately preceding election.

In addition to legislative powers, the legislature exercises other types of authority. Constituent powers include the ability to alter the state constitution, and the members' authority to exercise powers of attorney in behalf of their constituents. Directory and supervisory powers allow the legislature to regulate the state's administrative machinery, made up of boards, commissions, and departments that conduct the affairs of state. The legislature establishes and funds these bodies and defines their functions. Executive powers of each house include selection of legislative officers, employees, and chairs and members of committees. Investigative powers are exercised through the formation of standing, special, interim, and joint committees to study an issue. Senate committees are usually charged with a particular purpose by the lieutenant governor, although this may also be accomplished by a resolution adopted by the senate. Each legislative house holds judicial powers over its members, including punishing or expelling members for cause.

The legislature meets in regular session on the second Tuesday in January of odd-numbered years and in special sessions when convened by the governor. The length of the regular session is limited to 140 days. Special sessions are limited to 30 days, but the number of special sessions that may be called is not limited. Only legislative matters submitted by the governor may be considered in special session. All legislative sessions, except for the senate's executive session, are open. Neither house may, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days or move to a place other than where the legislature is sitting. Two-thirds of each house constitutes a quorum, the number of members required to conduct business. If a quorum is not present, a smaller number may vote to adjourn and compel absent members to attend. The senate is required to keep and publish a journal of its proceedings and to record the vote on any question on which three members who are present demand an actual count of yeas and nays.

The senate functions through committees set up under its own rules. By custom the president of the senate appoints standing, special, and conference committees, although the senate is free to designate its own method of selection. Under the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1961, the committee system was expanded, and provisions were made whereby standing, special, and general investigating committees created by each body could function whether or not the legislature was in session. The senate has 18 standing committees: Administration; Agriculture, Rural Affairs, and Homeland Security; Business and Commerce; Criminal Justice; Economic Development; Education; Finance; Government Organization; Health and Human Services; Higher Education; Intergovernmental Relations; Jurisprudence; Natural Resources; Nominations; Open Government; State Affairs; Transportation; and Veterans Affairs and Military Installations.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 11th ed. (2001); the Texas Senate Committees web page http://www.senate.state.tx.us/75r/Senate/Commit.htm, accessed July 21, 2014; and the records themselves.)


Biographical Sketch

Eddie Bernice Johnson, a Democrat from Dallas, served in the Texas House of Representatives from the 63rd (1973) through the 65th Legislature (1977). She was the first black woman from Dallas County to be elected to that chamber. During her time in the House, Johnson served on the State Affairs, Calendars, Human Resources and Social Services committees. Additionally, she chaired the House Labor Committee during the 64th and 65th Legislatures. She resigned her seat to accept a presidential appointment under Jimmy Carter. Johnson also represented District 23 (Dallas and Tarrant counties) in the Texas Senate from the 70th (1987) through the 72nd Legislatures (1991).

Johnson holds a Bachelor of Science from Texas Christian University and a Master of Public Administration from Southern Methodist University. Johnson has served on the following Senate committees: Education, Finance, Health and Human Services, Nominations, Committee of the Whole on Redistricting, and as chair of the Subcommittee on Congressional Districts. She was appointed by the lieutenant governor in 1990 to membership on the Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities (Senate Resolution 746, 71st Legislature, Regular Session).

(Sources include: Texas Legislature Online, http://www.legis.state.tx.us/Home.aspx; and Legislature Reference Library of Texas, http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/index.cfm, all accessed July 21, 2014; and the records themselves).


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas House of Representative and Senate are the two arms of the legislature of the state of Texas, which the Texas Constitution (Article III, Section 1) vests with all legislative power of the state. Records of Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson reflect her efforts to represent House District 33 (Dallas County) and Senate District 23 (Dallas and Tarrant counties) as well as her involvement in domestic violence, hate crimes, child care standards, and education legislation. She also served as chair of the Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Redistricting as well as a member of the Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities.

Types of records include memoranda, correspondence, copies of bills, fiscal notes, bill analyses, impact statements, agenda, resumes, testimony, press releases, news clippings, publications, reports, statistics, maps, notices of public hearings, petitions, and speeches. Records date from 1975 to 1991, bulk 1988-1991, largely from the 71st and 72nd Texas Legislatures, and document work done by the senator on various bills, as chair of the Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts, and as a member of the Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities. Bills relate, for example, to domestic violence, hate crimes, child care standards, and education. Committee files detail rules and mandates as well as work done, especially in gathering relevant public testimony.

Bill Files, 1975-1991, bulk 1988-1991, highlight legislation Johnson was interested or involved with during the 71st and 72nd Texas Legislatures. Materials that date prior to these sessions deal with Johnson's research on topics such as domestic violence, breast implants, driving while intoxicated, hate crimes, prenatal vitamins, battered womens' syndrome, spousal maintenance, child care standards, and education. This series also includes correspondence with other legislators, state officials and private citizens on pending and proposed legislation.

Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts records, 1980-1991, bulk 1990-1991, highlight Senator Johnson's work as chair. Records include materials from previous redistricting efforts, rules and mandates of the redistricting committees, and plans for redistricting presented to the subcommittee from the public.

Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities records, 1988-1991, document Senator Johnson's membership. The committee was charged (Senate Resolution 746, 71st Legislature, Regular Session) with formulating a plan for remedying past discrimination against minority and women-owned businesses and other disadvantaged groups, and making recommendations on using current bonding practices for small business expansion and start-up loan assistance. The committee gathered testimony and information to determine to what degree past discrimination in the state of Texas had deterred the formation or led to the early termination of such businesses.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are in the original order as maintained by the senator's office. The records are organized into three series:
Bill files, 1975-1991, bulk 1988-1991, 4 cubic ft.
Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts records, 1980-1991, bulk 1990-1991, 5.7 cubic ft.
Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities records, 1988-1991, 1.3 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to: social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147); home addresses, phone numbers, social security numbers, and personal family information of government employees and officials (Texas Government Code, Section 552.117); and privacy (Texas Government Code Section 552.101) an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552).

The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail (Texas State Library and Archives Commission, P. O. Box 12927, Austin, TX 78711), fax (512-463-5436), email (director.librarian@tsl.texas.gov), or see our web page (https://www.tsl.texas.gov/agency/customer/pia.html). Include enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.

Communications between Senator Eddie Bernie Johnson and citizens/residents of the state of Texas as well as the Texas Legislative Council are considered confidential under Texas Government Code, Chapter 306 and Chapter 323.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Johnson, Eddie Bernice, 1934-.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Education.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Finance.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Health and Human Services.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Nominations.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Committee on the Whole of Redistricting.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Subcommittee on Congressional Districts.
Texas. Legislature. Senate. Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities.
Subjects:
Legislators--Texas.
Legislative bodies--Texas.
Apportionment--Election Law--Texas.
Minority business enterprises--Texas.
Document Types:
Agenda--Texas--Legislators--1988-1991.
Bills (legislative records)--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Correspondence--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Legal notices--Texas--Legislators--1980-1991.
Maps (documents)--Texas--Legislators--1980-1991.
Memorandums--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Notes--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Petititons--Texas--Legislators--1980-1991.
Press releases--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Publications--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Reports--Texas--Legislators--1980-1991.
Résumés (personnel records)--Texas--Legislators--1988-1991.
Speeches (documents)--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Statistics--Texas--Legislators--1980-1991.
Testimonies--Texas--Legislators--1975-1991.
Functions:
Representing state.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Redistricting, 1966-1992, bulk 1990-1992, 96.8 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Legislature, Senate, Committee of the Whole on Redistricting, 1980-1991, bulk 1990-1991, 27.5 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Legislature, Legislative Council redistricting maps and reports, 1991-1992, 0.24 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson records, Texas Senate. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1992/102, 1993/094

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson on April 7 and December 1, 1992.

Processing Information

Processed by Lisa M. Hendricks, December 1997

Minor narrative editing, encoded in EAD 2002, and DACS-compliance by Anna M. Reznik, July 2014


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Bill files, 1975-1991, bulk 1988-1991,
4 cubic ft.

Bill files of Texas state representative and senator Eddie Bernice Johnson document legislation she created, sponsored, or had interest in as the District 23 senator (Dallas and Tarrant counties) during the 70th (1987) through the 72nd Texas Legislature (1991). Types of records include memoranda, correspondence, copies of bills, fiscal notes, bill analyses, impact statements, testimony, press releases, news clippings, publications, and speeches. Records date from 1975 to 1991, bulk 1988-1991. Records dated prior to these sessions are research items such as related news clippings relevant to the proposed legislation.
Bills relate, for example, to domestic violence, breast implants, driving while intoxicated, hate crimes, prenatal vitamins, battered womens' syndrome, spousal maintenance, child care standards, and education. Correspondence is with other legislators, state officials, and private citizens and relates to pending or proposed legislation.
Organization
Bills are organized in roughly numerical order by bill number, which is approximately in chronological order, as received from the senator's office.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Bill files, Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson records, Texas Senate. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to: social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147); home addresses, phone numbers, social security numbers, and personal family information of government employees and officials (Texas Government Code, Section 552.117); and privacy (Texas Government Code Section 552.101) an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Communications between Senator Eddie Bernie Johnson and citizens/residents of the state of Texas as well as the Texas Legislative Council are considered confidential under Texas Government Code, Chapter 306 and Chapter 323.
71st Legislature Regular Session, 1989
Box
1993/094-2 SB (Senate Bill) 20 thru SB 1689
Box
1993/094-4 SCR (Senate Concurrent Resolution) 5 thru SCR 153
HB (House Bill) 302 thru HB 3164
HCR (House Concurrent Resolution) 246
72nd Legislature Regular Session, 1991
Box
1993/094-1 SCR 26 thru SCR 93
SB 86 thru SB 90
SB 275 thru SB 722
Box
1993/094-3 SB 767 thru SB 1303
HCR 82
HB 391 thru HB 2832



 

Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts records, 1980-1991, bulk 1990-1991,
5.7 cubic ft.

Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts records document Texas Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson's work as chair during the Texas redistricting process necessitated by the 1990 U.S. Census. Types of records include testimonies, reports, statistics, maps, publications, news clippings, correspondence, memoranda, notices of public hearings, news releases, and petitions. Records date from 1980 to 1991, bulk 1990-1991, and document work from earlier redistricting efforts, detail the rules and mandates of the redistricting committees, and plans for congressional redistricting presented to the subcommittee by the public.
Organization
Some records are organized in three-ring binders by topic while other records are organized in no apparent order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts records, Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson records, Texas Senate. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to: social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147); home addresses, phone numbers, social security numbers, and personal family information of government employees and officials (Texas Government Code, Section 552.117); and privacy (Texas Government Code Section 552.101) an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Communications between Senator Eddie Bernie Johnson and citizens/residents of the state of Texas as well as the Texas Legislative Council are considered confidential under Texas Government Code, Chapter 306 and Chapter 323.
Box
1992/102-1 Senate Select Committee on Legislative Redistricting, regional hearings manual, 1990
[2 binders]
Texas Redistricting System, district population analysis, congressional districts, 1991
[3 wallets]
Box
1992/102-2 House Study Group reports on redistricting process, 1981-1984
Census regional hearing, 1990
State issues, 1991
West Texas region materials, 1980-1990
Dallas/Fort Worth regional hearing, July 14, 1990
"Projected Population Changes in Texas Districts, Congressional, Legislative," and State Board of Education, 1990
San Antonio regional hearing, August 25, 1990
South Texas regional hearing, July 27, 1990
Houston redistricting hearing, June 1, 1990
Beaumont/Tyler hearing materials, June 23, 1990
Redistricting materials, 1990-1991
[4 folders]
Correspondence, 1991
"Interim Report of the Senate Select Committee on Legislative Redistricting and the House Redistricting Committee," 1991
"Summary Description of Texas Congressional Redistricting Plan," 1990
Redistricting application plan population analysis, congressional districts, 1991
Texas Redistricting System, district population analysis, 1991
Redistricting materials, 1989-1991
[7 folders]
Texas Legislative Council, preliminary draft, 1990
Box
1992/102-6 Plan C582, Bivins statewide proposal, 1st Called Session, Volumes 1 and 2, 1991
Box
1992/102-3 Guide to Redistricting, Information report No. 90-1, January 1990
Plan C666, Texas Fair Redistricting Committee proposal, Terrazas v. Slagle, Volume 1, 1991
Plan C668, Cary statewide proposal, Terrazas v. Slagle, Volume 1, 1991
Box
1992/102-4 Breaking the Mold, Texas Performance Review, Education, July 1991
Subcommittee on Congressional Districts, Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson, Chair, May 15, 1991
Texas congressional districts, April 27, 1991
Box
Box 1992/102-6 Ellis County, congressional district petition, undated
Box
1992/102-7 Senate Select Committee on Legislative Redistricting and House Redistricting Committee, regional meetings, 1990
Senate Subcommittee on Congressional Districts, Plans submitted by the public, 1991
Dallas County, statistics, 1980-1988



 

Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities records, 1988-1991,
1.3 cubic ft.

Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities records document Texas Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson's efforts as a member of this special advisory committee. The committee was charged (Senate Resolution 746, 71st Legislature, Regular Session) with formulating a plan for remedying past discrimination against minorities, women-owned businesses, and other disadvantaged groups. The committee was also charged with the task of monitoring related and relevant agencies that affect minority and women-owned business. In order to fulfill these charges, the committee held regional meetings throughout the state in August and September of 1990 to gather adequate information and testimony regarding the number of available minority and women construction firms in the state; the percentage of contract dollars such firms in such groups have received; the degree that past discrimination within the state has deterred the formation of such businesses or caused such existing businesses to terminate prematurely; and any other evidence of the effect of public and private discriminatory practices, policies, systematic barriers, or customs that the legislature would find helpful in formulating effective and constitutionally sound remedies. Types of records present include agenda, memoranda, correspondence, news clippings, publications, resumes, statements, testimony, and reports. Records date from 1988 to 1991. The committee was composed of 15 members: five senators and three members of the general public appointed by the lieutenant governor as well as five representatives and two members of the general public appointed by the speaker of the house.
Organization
These records are organized in three-ring binders, as maintained by the senator's office.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Special Advisory Committee on Creation and Expansion of Minority and Women-Owned Business Ownership Opportunities records, Senator Eddie Bernice Johnson records, Texas Senate. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to: social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147); home addresses, phone numbers, social security numbers, and personal family information of government employees and officials (Texas Government Code, Section 552.117); and privacy (Texas Government Code Section 552.101) an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Communications between Senator Eddie Bernie Johnson and citizens/residents of the state of Texas as well as the Texas Legislative Council are considered confidential under Texas Government Code, Chapter 306 and Chapter 323.
Box
1992/102-5 Regional meeting files, 1990
Plan Analysis Report System, block population analysis: pages 1 - 403, August 22, 1991
Plan Analysis Report System, block population analysis: pages 404 - 809, August 22, 1991
Box
1992/102-6 Minority employee and business reports, 1988-1989