Francis Richard Lubbock:
An Inventory of Correspondence at the Texas State Archives, 1869, 1879-1881, 1895, 1904, undated (bulk 1880-1881)
Francis Richard Lubbock served as state treasurer of Texas from 1879 to 1891, near the end of his long career in Texas politics and government. Lubbock was born in South Carolina on October 16, 1815; he clerked in a hardware store and managed a cotton warehouse before he became a druggist in New Orleans in 1834. He followed his brother Tom to Texas in 1836, after the Battle of San Jacinto. He claimed to have sold the first barrel of flour and the first sack of coffee in the village of Houston. After clerking in the House of Representatives in the Second Congress of Texas, he was appointed comptroller of the Republic. He became the district clerk of Harris County in 1841, and bought a ranch near Harrisburg in 1846.
Lubbock was elected lieutenant governor in 1857, and governor in 1861. Among his actions were the mobilizing of a frontier regiment of cavalry against hostile Indians, the modest expansion of industrial resources, and the sale of U.S. bonds acquired in 1850 to help replenish an exhausted treasury. His interpretation of conscription laws made every able-bodied man between 16 and 60 years of age liable for military service. He did not run for re-election, preferring to join the Confederate Army as a lieutenant colonel in November 1863. In 1864 he joined Jefferson Davis' staff, and was captured with him in May 1865. Upon his release he returned to business in Houston and Galveston. He was tax collector in Galveston for three years, and state treasurer (1879-1891). As state treasurer, he was an active member of the Capitol Building Commission. He served under Governor James Hogg on the Board of Pardons before retiring at age 80. In addition to his government service, Lubbock was an officer in the Texas Veteran Association. Lubbock wrote his autobiography Six Decades in Texas in 1900. He died in Austin on June 22, 1905.
Materials are correspondence of Francis Richard Lubbock, 1869, 1879-1881, 1895, 1904, and undated (bulk 1880-1881), mainly dating from the period he served as Texas state treasurer. Most of the letters are incoming and many do not concern the business of the Treasury Department. Subjects include invitations to speak at meetings, letters of introduction, requests and recommendations for appointments and endorsements, requests for advice and assistance, letters concerning payment for school lands, thank you notes, a letter of resignation, and a newspaper subscription invoice. A few letterpress replies, drafts, and an explanatory note dating 1904 are included. One letter from an old friend, who had helped lay out Austin and its outlots in the 1840s, discusses the drawbacks of Austin as the site for the state university. Another letter asks for advice and help for Allen and Stafford, who put up a bond for someone who escaped. [Lubbock was friends with Samuel William Allen; Stafford could refer to R. E. Stafford of Columbus.] A letter from the Texas Adjutant General's Department requests Lubbock's recollection on the number of Texas men sent into Confederate service along with the numbers killed and wounded. Other letters mention Lubbock's reelection and the nominees for Comptroller. Correspondents include C. L. Cleveland, Richard Coke, William Preston Johnston, Henry Orsay, Amory R. Starr, James Harper Starr, James W. Truitt, and W. D. Wood. The volume that originally contained these letters is described in the Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Francis Richard Lubbock finding aid.
Restrictions on Access
Restrictions on Use
(Identify the item), Francis Richard Lubbock Correspondence. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
A scrapbook (in which this correspondence was interleaved) and three letterpress copybooks were donated to the Texas Department of Insurance, Statistics and History by Francis R. Lubbock on March 22, 1904.
Tonia J. Wood, May 2002
Detailed Description of the Records