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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Papers, 1860-1928,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Captain John J. Dix:

An Inventory of Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1860-1928



Overview

Creator: Dix, John J., 1826-1910.
Title: Papers
Dates: 1860-1928
Abstract: Records consist of personal papers, 1860-1928, from Captain John J. Dix (1826-1910) and family descendents. The papers of Captain Dix include scattered business and family correspondence, military records, historical accounts and letterpress volumes. Papers of family descendents include political materials on Duval County, Texas. Military records include quartermaster supply invoices and a muster roll of Dix's company in the Frontier Regiment. There are two historical accounts handwritten by Dix on Indians and Indian raids in south and west Texas covering the period from 1846 to the 1880s. There is also a handwritten biography of Captain Dix, ca. 1907, possibly autobiographical. There are eleven letterpress volumes covering the business activities of Dix as a land agent. Letterpress volumes are from 1872-1886 and 1898-1906. Other records in the accession concern Duval County and Texas politics in the early twentieth century. These include broadsides and pamphlets, in Spanish and English, from the 1920s and an accounting report on the finances of Duval County from 1915. These latter records are from the files of John D. Sutherland, a grandson of John J. Dix, and a Duval County lawyer and member of the Republican party.
Quantity: 1.41 cubic ft.
Language English.

Biographical Sketch

Captain John James Dix had long and varied military and civilian careers in Texas. He was born in Michigan on March 24, 1826. His family emigrated to Texas, arriving in February 1834, and settled at Coles Settlement, renamed Independence in 1836, in Washington County. In 1845, during the U.S.-Mexican War, he went to the mouth of the Rio Grande and worked as a sutler's clerk and as a horse drover for the Army quartermaster. After the war, he settled in south Texas, west of the Nueces River.

In January 1860, Dix joined and was elected a second lieutenant in a special force of Texas Rangers under the command of Major John S. (Rip) Ford. The Rangers had been called out after Brownsville had been temporarily occupied by forces led by Juan Cortina during a local uprising. Dix and the Rangers fought a brief battle against Cortina in February 1860 before peace was restored in the Rio Grande Valley. In 1862, during the Civil War, Dix raised a company of men and served one year as their captain in the Frontier Regiment from 1862-1863. Dix then returned to his home and joined a company of the Home Guard for a year. In July 1864, he enlisted in the Expeditionary Force of Colonel John S. (Rip) Ford to serve in the Brownsville area. He was appointed quartermaster of the Expeditionary Force and also served as Colonel Ford's adjutant until the end of the war.

Returning to south Texas, Captain Dix settled in Duval County and began a long career as a land agent and surveyor. He was a surveyor or deputy surveyor for the Nueces Land District for over forty years and was first elected County Surveyor in Duval County in 1876, a post he was elected to intermittently over the next twenty-five years. Dix also served one term in the House in the 22nd Texas Legislature in 1891-1892, representing Duval and five other south Texas counties. In addition, Dix worked as a clerk in the General Land Office in Austin in 1894-1895. Dix died August 30, 1910 in Bexar County.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

Records consist of personal papers, 1860-1928, from Captain John James Dix (1826-1910) and family descendents. The papers of Captain Dix include scattered business and family correspondence, military records, historical accounts and letterpress volumes. Papers of family descendents include political materials on Duval County.

Military records include quartermaster supply invoices and a muster roll of Dix's company in the Frontier Regiment. The muster roll has been filed separately as an oversize manuscript. There are two historical accounts handwritten by Dix on Indians and Indian raids in south and west Texas covering the period from 1846 to the 1880s. There is also a handwritten biography of Captain Dix, ca. 1907, possibly autobiographical.

There are eleven letterpress volumes covering the business activities of Dix as a land agent. Letterpress volumes are from 1872-1886 and 1898-1906, arranged chronologically. Many of the letters are illegible due to the ink fading and blurring.

Other records in the accession concern Duval County and Texas politics in the early twentieth century. These include broadsides and pamphlets, in Spanish and English, from the 1920s and an accounting report on the finances of Duval County from 1915. These records are from the files of John D. Sutherland, a grandson of John J. Dix, and a Duval County lawyer and member of the Republican party.

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Arrangement of the Records

A folder listing follows; the unbound manuscript items are filed chronologically, followed by the bound letterpress volumes, also in chronological order.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law.

The letterpress volumes are not indexed and are too fragile to be photocopied.

The supply invoices are tattered and damaged by insects; extreme care must be used in handling.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Dix, John J., 1826-1910--Biography.
Sutherland, John D.
Corporate Names:
Texas Rangers.
Texas. Frontier Regiment.
Subjects:
Indians of North America--Texas--Wars.
Places:
Duval County (Tex.)--History.
Duval County (Tex.)--Politics and government.
Duval County (Tex.)--Commerce.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Duval County (Tex.)--1865, 1870, 1893.
Letterpress copybooks--Duval County (Tex.)--Business records--1872-1906.
Biographies--Texas.
Broadsides--Duval County (Tex.)--Politics--c. 1920-1930.
Pamphlets--Duval County (Tex.)--Politics--c. 1920-1930.
Muster rolls--Texas--Military records--1862-1863.
Account books--Duval County (Tex.)--Business records--1915.
Functions:
Businessman.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the papers. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
John James Dix Collection, 1847-1902, 5 1/2 in.
Prints & Photographs Collection, Photo print of a home in Abilene, Texas, 1989/028-1
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Civil War military rolls, Muster roll #1672

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), John J. Dix Papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1989/028

The papers of Captain John J. Dix were part of a donation by Dr. Roy Thompson to the Genealogy Department of the Texas State Library. Dr. Thompson gained possession of the materials when he purchased the filing cabinet of a family descendent of Captain Dix at a salvage sale. The Dix papers were transferred from Genealogy to the State Archives on November 2, 1988.

Processing Information

Paul B. Beck, November 1989

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Papers, 1860-1928,
1.41 cubic ft.

box folder
1989/028-1 1. Commemorative poem, "Lines on the death of my infant - as soon as born," Benjamin Rankin [?], February 1860
2. Quartermaster supply invoices for Company H, Frontier Regiment, January 1863
[very poor condition]
2. Muster Roll for Captain John J. Dix's Company, Frontier Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers, from July 1862 to February 1863
Has been transferred to: Oversize Box 15, Folder 6
3. Dix family correspondence:
3. To Mrs. M.E. Dix from Mr. & Mrs. John J. Dix, Brownsville, TX, January 30, 1865,
ALS
3. Funeral notice, printed, John Dix, Corpus Christi, TX, January 18, 1870
3. To Fannie [Dix] from John J. Dix, San Antonio, TX, April 8, 1893,
ALS
4. General store billing accounts, Benavides, TX, for J.J. Dix, May 10, 1890 and April 25, 1892
5. Business correspondence, George Bodett, San Diego, TX to Captain John J. Dix, San Antonio, TX, July 19, 1893,
ALS
6. A history of Indian raids and battles in south Texas, beginning in 1846, by Captain John J. Dix, and sent to the Editor of an unknown newspaper, July 11, 1898,
ALS [11 pages, portions missing]
7. A history of Indians of South and West Texas and Indian raids, [by Captain John J. Dix], c. 1900
13 pp.
8. Biography of Captain John J. Dix [by Dix?], c. 1907,
10 pp.
9. Papers of John D. Sutherland, Duval County financial and political investigations, 1915, 1928
10. Political broadsides, Duval County, in Spanish and English, c. 1920s
Letterpress volumes:
box folder
1989/028-1 11. 1872-1876
12. 1876
box folder
1989/028-2 1. January - August 1877
2. September 1877 - 1878
3. 1879 - 1880
4. 1881 - 1882
5. 1882 - 1883
box folder
1989/028-3 1. 1883 - 1885
2. 1885 - 1886
3. 1898 - 1900
4. 1900 - 1906

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