Contact Us
Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Papers, 1857-1940 (bulk 1857-1897),

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

James W. Throckmorton:

An Inventory of Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1857-1940 (bulk 1857-1897)



Overview

Creator: Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894.
Title: Papers
Dates: 1857-1940
Dates: (bulk 1857-1897)
Abstract: Types of records include incoming correspondence, speeches, canceled checks, insurance policies, and newspaper clippings. Records date from 1857 to 1940. Except for some of the newspaper clippings, all papers are from James W. Throckmorton and his wife, Annie, and date from 1857 to 1897. Most of the correspondence dates from his early political career as a Texas legislator and as governor. Speeches are primarily from his years in the U.S. House of Representatives, on such topics as reorganization of the army and the Indian Bureau. The newspaper clippings relate to the Throckmorton family.
Quantity: 0.24 cubic ft.
Language English.

Biographical Sketch

James W. Throckmorton, born in Tennessee in 1825, moved to Texas in 1841. He studied medicine and served in the Mexican War as an army surgeon. After discharge from the army, he married Annie Rattan in 1848 and settled near McKinney in Collin County. In 1851, he entered politics and was elected to the Texas Legislature where he served as either a state representative or senator for the next ten years. A member of the Secession Convention in 1861, he was one of the seven delegates to vote against secession. Despite his vote, Throckmorton served in the Confederate army, eventually becoming a brigadier general. After the war, he served as president of the Constitutional Convention of 1866. He ran for governor of Texas in 1866 and was elected, defeating E. M. Pease. In July 1867, Throckmorton was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan as "an impediment to reconstruction." Throckmorton continued in politics and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, holding that office from 1874 until 1888. He ran unsuccessfully for governor twice, in 1878 and 1890, before he died in 1894.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records include incoming correspondence, speeches, canceled checks, insurance policies, and newspaper clippings. Records date from 1857 to 1940. Except for some of the newspaper clippings, all papers are from James W. Throckmorton and his wife, Annie, and date from 1857 to 1897. Most of the correspondence dates from his early political career as a Texas legislator and as governor. Speeches are primarily from his years in the U.S. House of Representatives, on such topics as reorganization of the army and the Indian Bureau. The newspaper clippings relate to the Throckmorton family.

Return to the Table of Contents


 

Arrangement of the Records

The papers are arranged by type and are chronological within each type.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894.
Subjects:
Texas. Governor (1866-1867 : Throckmorton)
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Politicians--1857-1867.
Speeches--Texas--Politicians--1876-1889.
Clippings--Texas--Politicians--1898-1940.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of James W. Throckmorton, 1866-1867, 1.18 cubic ft.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
James Webb Throckmorton Papers, 1838-1888, 1 ft., 4 in.
Publications
Elliott, Claude. Leathercoat; the life history of a Texas patriot. San Antonio, Tex. : Standard Printing Co., 1938.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), James W. Throckmorton Papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1993/204

These papers were donated to the Texas State Archives by Bettye B. Hanna, great-great granddaughter of James W. Throckmorton, on July 1, 1993.

Processing Information

Paul B. Beck, July 1993

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Papers, 1857-1940 (bulk 1857-1897),
0.24 cubic ft.

box
1993/204 Correspondence, 1857-1867
Speeches, 1876-1889
Insurance policies, 1890-1897
Canceled checks, 1889-1894
Newspaper clippings, 1898-1940

Return to the Table of Contents