James W. Throckmorton:
An Inventory of Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1857-1940 (bulk 1857-1897)
James W. Throckmorton, born in Tennessee in 1825, moved to Texas in 1841. He studied medicine and served in the Mexican War as an army surgeon. After discharge from the army, he married Annie Rattan in 1848 and settled near McKinney in Collin County. In 1851, he entered politics and was elected to the Texas Legislature where he served as either a state representative or senator for the next ten years. A member of the Secession Convention in 1861, he was one of the seven delegates to vote against secession. Despite his vote, Throckmorton served in the Confederate army, eventually becoming a brigadier general. After the war, he served as president of the Constitutional Convention of 1866. He ran for governor of Texas in 1866 and was elected, defeating E. M. Pease. In July 1867, Throckmorton was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan as "an impediment to reconstruction." Throckmorton continued in politics and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, holding that office from 1874 until 1888. He ran unsuccessfully for governor twice, in 1878 and 1890, before he died in 1894.
Types of records include incoming correspondence, speeches, canceled checks, insurance policies, and newspaper clippings. Records date from 1857 to 1940. Except for some of the newspaper clippings, all papers are from James W. Throckmorton and his wife, Annie, and date from 1857 to 1897. Most of the correspondence dates from his early political career as a Texas legislator and as governor. Speeches are primarily from his years in the U.S. House of Representatives, on such topics as reorganization of the army and the Indian Bureau. The newspaper clippings relate to the Throckmorton family.
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Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
(Identify the item), James W. Throckmorton Papers. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession number: 1993/204
These papers were donated to the Texas State Archives by Bettye B. Hanna, great-great granddaughter of James W. Throckmorton, on July 1, 1993.
Paul B. Beck, July 1993
Detailed Description of the Records