Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Dr. Robert P. Pierce Collection:

An Inventory of Death Row Files and Assorted Prison Records and Papers at the Texas State Archives, 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated



Overview

Creator: Pierce, Robert F.
Title: Death row files and assorted prison records and papers
Dates: 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated
Abstract: The records in this collection, collected by Dr. Robert Pierce from the files of the Department of Criminal Justice, are crime summaries, lists of people scheduled to be present at executions, schedules of activities of inmates during their final 24 hours, final statements of inmates, mug shots, inventories of inmates' property, information about death row and the execution process, various lists of death row inmates, and autopsies. Other materials, both created and collected by Pierce, include clippings, transcripts of oral interviews conducted with death row inmates, papers, speeches, and lists of prison officials. Dates covered are 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated. Most of the files contain information about inmates on Texas' death row executed between 1982 and 1995. The remainder of the files, again both created and collected by Pierce, is primarily papers, speeches, and some clippings concerning a variety of prison topics, such as textile production during the Civil War, and prison bureaucracy.
Quantity: 1.48 cubic ft.
Language English.

Historical Sketches

History of the Department of Criminal Justice

"An Act to Establish a State Penitentiary" was passed in 1848 by the Second Legislature. The act established the penitentiary's governing body as a three member Board of Directors appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate. The prison system began as a single institution, located in Huntsville, known as the Huntsville Penitentiary. In the 1870s, the Board established a system of camps that were located outside the walls of the penitentiary. In addition to the use of convicts in and around the prison, the convicts were hired out to large labor employers, mainly plantation owners and railroad companies. Another penitentiary was opened in Rusk in January 1883.

In 1881, the Legislature reorganized the prison system, abolishing the Board of Directors, creating in its place a Penitentiary Board. This board was succeeded by the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1910. The Texas Prison Board replaced the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1927. The Texas Prison System (governed by the Texas Prison Board) became the Department of Corrections (governed by the Board of Corrections) in 1957. Then, in 1989, the Department of Criminal Justice, governed by the Board of Criminal Justice, was created.

In 1924, the state began housing inmates scheduled to die in an area known as death row. The electric chair was used by the prison system as the form of execution from 1924 to 1972. In 1972, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled capital punishment to be cruel and unusual punishment, and those prisoners in Texas remaining on death row had their sentences commuted to life in prison. In 1974, executions once again became legal. The State of Texas adopted death by lethal injection as the new method of execution in 1977. The first use of lethal injection for an execution was in December 1982. This method is still in use today by the prison system for execution of death row inmates. (Vernon's Ann. Code of Criminal Procedure, Article 43.14)

Biographical Sketch of Dr. Robert P. Pierce

The materials in this collection were gathered together by Dr. Robert P. Pierce, a historian and teacher from Huntsville, Texas, who also served as the volunteer caretaker of a repository of prison related materials known as the "Texas Prison Archives."


Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Department of Criminal Justice records in this collection are crime summaries, lists of people scheduled to be present at executions, schedules of activities of inmates during their final 24 hours, final statements of inmates, mug shots, inventories of inmates' property, information about death row and the execution process, various lists of death row inmates, and autopsies. Other materials created and collected by Dr. Robert Pierce include clippings, transcripts of oral interviews conducted with death row inmates, papers, speeches, and lists of prison officials. Dates covered are 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated. Most of the files contain information about inmates on Texas' death row executed between 1982 and 1995. The remainder of the files, primarily papers, speeches, and some clippings, concern a variety of prison topics, such as textile production during the Civil War, and prison bureaucracy.

The materials in this collection were gathered together by Dr. Robert P. Pierce, the volunteer caretaker of a repository of prison related materials known as the "Texas Prison Archives." This was a repository housing old agency records and some manuscript materials maintained by the Department of Corrections (later Department of Criminal Justice), documenting some activities of the Texas prison system and its governing boards. In November 1997, most of the state records maintained in this repository and some of the manuscript materials, primarily those present in this collection, were transferred by the Department of Criminal Justice to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Some of the materials in the collection were created and maintained by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and were turned over to Dr. Robert Pierce; others were created by Dr. Pierce or were sent to him by outside sources. Determining the origin of each document is not possible. The files remain as received.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Collection

The records are organized into two series:
Death row files, 1982-1995, undated, 1 cubic ft.
Assorted prison records and papers, 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated, 0.48 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Access to the autopsies in the Assorted prison records and papers series is restricted for 100 years by the Medical Practice Act, Vernon's Ann. Civ. St., Article 4495b, Section 5.08 (d). Autopsies dated 1985 will be available for research in 2085; those dated 1986 will be available in 2086.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Act of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Prisons--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas.
Death row inmates--Texas.
Executions and executioners--Texas.
Document Types:
Lists--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated.
Schedules (time plans)--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Photographs--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Inventories--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Transcripts--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Clippings--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated.
Speeches--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1982-1995, undated.
Functions:
Documenting prisons.
Documenting death row inmates.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records in this finding aid. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Board of Pardons and Paroles, Execution case files (restricted), 1954-1964, 4.5 cubic ft.
Governor's Office, Criminal Justice Division, Records, Execution case files, 1978-1990, 1.5 cubic ft.
Governor's Office, General counsel files, 1947, 1962-1986, 4.3 cubic ft.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Records of Governor Ann Richards, General Counsel capital clemency files, 1972-1994 (bulk 1991-1994), 12 cubic ft.
Department of Criminal Justice, Huntsville, Texas
Department of Criminal Justice, Institutional Division, Inmate records [size and dates unknown]
Department of Criminal Justice, Institutional Division, Death row inmate files [size and dates unknown]
Department of Criminal Justice, Pardons and Paroles Division, Execution case files [size and dates unknown]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Death row files and assorted prison records and papers, Dr. Robert P. Pierce Collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1998/261

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice on November 17, 1997.

Processing Information

Laura K. Saegert, October 1999


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Death row files, 1982-1995, undated,
1 cubic ft.

The Department of Criminal Justice records in this collection are crime summaries, lists of people scheduled to be present at executions, schedules of activities of inmates during their final 24 hours, final statements of inmates, mug shots, inventories of inmates' property on hand when they were executed, general information about death row and the execution process, a list of inmates who had been executed, a list of those scheduled to be executed, a table listing all the inmates on death row, and a table listing the last meals requested by death row inmates. Other materials present include clippings about crimes and executions, and transcripts of oral interviews conducted with death row inmates. Dates covered are 1982-1995, undated. Not all of these materials are present for every inmate covered in this series. Some information - clippings and/or crime summaries - is available for a few inmates who were on death row but not executed during this time period, such as Kenneth Allen McDuff.
This series was created when the Texas Department of Corrections (TDC), later the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ), began using lethal injection as the form of execution, in 1982. A former caretaker of the "Texas Prison Archives" (a former repository of TDC/TDCJ records), Dr. Robert P. Pierce, copied some materials from the death row inmate files at the Department of Criminal Justice, added clippings, and created this series.
Arrangement
These files are arranged in alphabetical order, in two groups. The first group contains general information about death row and the execution process, and various lists of death row inmates and executions. The next group contains files on inmates executed or scheduled for execution during the time period covered, 1982-1995. The folder titles of the inmate files provide the inmate's name, death row number, and date of execution or the scheduled date of execution. Unless noted as a scheduled date, the execution took place on the date listed. Those inmates with only a scheduled date noted were granted a stay of execution. They were either executed after 1995, had their sentence commuted, or they are still on death row. The files extend through late 1995. Information about death row inmates after that date must be obtained from the Department of Criminal Justice in Huntsville.
Index Terms
Personal Names:
McDuff, Kenneth Allen.
Subjects:
Death row--Texas.
Executions and executioners--Texas.
Prisons--Texas.
Death row inmates--Texas.
Document Types:
Lists--Texas--Prisons--1982-1995, undated.
Schedules (time plans)--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Photographs--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Inventories--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Transcripts--Texas--Death row inmates--1982-1995, undated.
Clippings--Texas--Prisons--1982-1995, undated.
Functions:
Documenting death row inmates.
Related Material
Texas State Archives
Board of Pardons and Paroles, Execution case files (restricted), 1954-1964, 4.5 cubic ft.
Governor's Office, Criminal Justice Division, Records, Execution case files, 1978-1990, 1.5 cubic ft.
Governor's Office, General counsel files, 1947, 1962-1986, 4.3 cubic ft.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Records of Governor Ann Richards, General Counsel capital clemency files, 1972-1994 (bulk 1991-1994), 12 cubic ft.
Department of Criminal Justice, Huntsville, Texas
Materials about executions and inmates on death row can be found in the inmate records of the Bureau of Classification, Institutional Division, Department of Criminal Justice, in Huntsville. Some material in those files will be restricted.
Department of Criminal Justice, Institutional Division, Inmate records [size and dates unknown]
Department of Criminal Justice, Institutional Division, Death row inmate files [size and dates unknown]
Department of Criminal Justice, Pardons and Paroles Division, Execution case files [size and dates unknown]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Death row files, Death row files and assorted prison records and papers, Dr. Robert P. Pierce Collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
1998/261-1 Death row list, February 16, 1995
[inmates on death row as of that date]
Death row list, June 21, 1995
[inmates on death row as of that date]
Death row list, September 20, 1995
[inmates on death row as of that date]
Death row list, December 4, 1995
[inmates on death row as of that date]
Execution information packet, undated
Execution media witnesses, 1982-1995
Executions, lists of prior, 1982-1995
Executions, lists of scheduled, 1986-1995
Final meals requested, 1982-1995
Statistical compilations of death row inmates, 1991-1995
Amos, Bernard, # 926, December 6, 1995
Anderson, Johnny, # 732, May 17, 1990
Anderson, Larry Norman, # 733, scheduled date - March 17, 1987
Andrade, Richard, # 774, December 8, 1986
Barnard, Harold, # 683, February 2, 1994
Barney, Jeffrey Allen, # 714, April 16, 1986
Bass, Charles William, # 662, March 12, 1986
Beavers, Richard, # 916, April 4, 1994
Bell, Walter, Jr., # 524, scheduled date - October 14, 1987
Bird, Jerry Joe, # 512, June 17, 1991
Black, Robert Jr., # 819, May 22, 1992
Bonham, Antonio, # 700, September 28, 1993
Brandley, Clarence Lee, # 680, scheduled date - March 26, 1987
Bridge, Warren Eugene, # 668, November 22, 1994
Brock, Kenneth, # 522, June 19, 1986
Brooks, Charlie, Jr., # 592, December 7, 1982
Burdine, Calvin Jerold, # 758, scheduled date - August 4, 1987
Butler, Jerome, # 852, April 21, 1990
Buxton, Lawrence, # 743, February 26, 1991
Cantu, Ruben, # 804, August 24, 1993
Clark, David, # 874, February 28, 1992
Clark, Herman, # 715, December 6, 1994
Cook, Anthony, # 918, November 10, 1993
Cordova, Joe, # 730, January 22, 1992
Corwin, Daniel Lee, # 969
[no scheduled or actual execution date given, his name is not present on the list of those executed through 1995]
Crank, Denton, # 803, June 14, 1994
Cuevas, Ignacio, # 526, May 23, 1991
Degarmo, Roger Leroy, # 653, scheduled date - June 30, 1987
De La Rosa, Jesse, # 713, May 15, 1985
De Luna, Carlos, # 744, December 7, 1989
Demouchette, James, # 182, September 22, 1992
Derrick, Mikel James, # 701, July 18, 1990
Drew, Robert, # 755, August 2, 1994
Duff-Smith, Markum, # 694, June 29, 1993
Duhamel, Emilie Pierre, # 796, scheduled date - June 5, 1987
East, Wayne, # 720, scheduled date - June 9, 1987
Ellis, Edward A., # 749, March 3, 1992
Esquivel, Rudy Ramos, # 606, June 9, 1986
Evans, Michael Wayne, # 608, December 4, 1986
Fearance, John, # 626, June 20, 1995
Franklin, Donald Gene, # 546, November 3, 1988
Gardner, Billy, # 751, February 16, 1995
Garrett, Johnny, Frank, # 729, February 11, 1992
Graham, Gary, # 696, scheduled date - July 30, 1987
Green, G.W., # 576, November 12, 1991
Griffin, Jeffrey Lee, # 647, November 19, 1992
Gutierrez, Jessie, # 971, September 16, 1994
Guzmon, Jose Moises, # 766, scheduled date - May 23, 1986
Hammond, Karl, # 865, June 21, 1995
Harris, Curtis, # 637, July 1, 1993
Hawkins, Samuel, # 590, February 21, 1995
Hernandez, Ramon, # 667, January 30, 1987
Herrera, Leonel, # 702, May 12, 1993
Hogue, Jerry Lee, # 660, scheduled date - March 24, 1987
Holland, David, # 820, August 12, 1993
Hughes, Billy George, Jr., # 556, scheduled date - May 29, 1986
James, Johnny, # 839, September 3, 1993
Jernigan, Joseph, # 699, August 5, 1993
Johnson, Carl, # 633, September 19, 1995
Johnson, Curtis, # 721, August 11, 1992
Johnson, Elliot Rod, # 739, June 24, 1987
Jordan, Charles, # 609, scheduled date - June 9, 1987
Kelly, Carl, # 688, August 20, 1993
King, Leon Rutherford, # 624, March 22, 1989
Kinnamon, Raymond, # 808, December 11, 1994
Landry, Raymond, # 738, scheduled date - June 23, 1987
Lane, Harold, # 745, October 4, 1995
Lincecum, Kavin, # 832, December 10, 1992
Lott, George, # 999058, September 20, 1994
Lozada, Davis, # 798, scheduled date - July 6, 1987
Marquez, Mario, # 776, January 17, 1995
May, Justin, # 783, May 7, 1982
McCoy, Stephen, # 769, May 24, 1989
McDuff, Kenneth Allen, # 999055 [executed after 1995]
Moddon, Willie Mack, # 780, scheduled date - August 27, 1987
Montoya, Ramon, # 737, March 25, 1993
Moreno, Eliseo Hernandez, # 759, March 4, 1987
Morin, Stephen, Peter, # 713, March 13, 1985
Motley, Jeffrey, # 789, February 7, 1995
Nethery, Stephen, # 698, May 27, 1994
Phillips, Clifford, # 723, December 15, 1993
Pinkerton, Kelly Jay, # 686, May 15, 1986
Romero, Jesus, Jr., # 801, May 20, 1992
Rougeau, Paul, # 603, May 3, 1994
Rumbaugh, Charles Francis, # 555, September 11, 1985
Russell, Clifton, Jr., # 658, January 31, 1995
Russell, James, # 579, September 19, 1991
Santana, Carlos, # 695, March 23, 1993
Sawyers, John # 742, May 18, 1993
Selvage, John Henry, # 652, scheduled date - March 12, 1987
Smith, James Edward, # 763, June 26, 1990
Smith, Larry, # 643, August 22, 1986
Starvaggi, Joseph, # 586, September 10, 1987
Stewart, Darryl, # 664, May 4, 1993
Thompson, John R., # 610, July 8, 1987
Webb, Freddie, # 848, March 31, 1994
West, Robert Wallace, Jr., # 731, scheduled date - July 15, 1987
White, Billy Wayne, # 585, April 23, 1992
Wicker, Chester Lee, # 678, August 26, 1986
Wilkerson, Richard James, # 756, August 31, 1993
Williams, Anthony C., # 619, May 28, 1987
Williams, Walter Key, # 722, October 5, 1994
Williams, Willie, # 677, January 31, 1995
Woolls, Randy Lynn, # 646, August 20, 1986



 

Assorted prison records and papers, 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated,
0.48 cubic ft.

This series contains prison related materials, including essays - both by researchers and inmates - on topics such as textile production in the penitentiary during the Civil War and prison bureaucracy; lists of prison officials; and clippings on notorious inmates. Department of Criminal Justice records present in this series are speeches by prison officials, and a few autopsies of prisoners. Dates covered are 1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, and undated.
Arrangement
Files are organized in three groups and arranged alphabetically within each group. The first group contains various lists of officials; speeches; papers, columns, and other writings. The next group consists of clippings files on notorious inmates. The last group is the autopsies, which are filed separately due to their confidential nature.
Index Terms
Corporate Names:
Texas. Dept. of Criminal Justice--Records and correspondence.
Subjects:
Prison administration--Texas.
Prison industries--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas.
Prisons--Texas.
Autopsy--Texas.
Death row inmates--Texas.
Document Types:
Lists--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated.
Essays--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated.
Speeches--Texas--Prisons--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated.
Clippings--Texas--Death row inmates--1877, 1963, 1978-1979, 1984-1995, undated.
Functions:
Documenting prisons.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Assorted prison records and papers, Death row files and assorted prison records and papers, Dr. Robert P. Pierce Collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Access to the autopsies is restricted for 100 years by the Medical Practice Act, Vernon's Ann. Civ. St., Article 4495b, Section 5.08 (d). Autopsies dated 1985 will be available for research in 2085; those dated 1986 will be available in 2086.
Papers, writings, speeches, etc.
box
1998/261-2 Besser, General John Slater, marker dedication, April 20, 1991
Burns, Rick, correspondence and papers, 1987-1990
Dismukes, George, inmate; "Life on the Shelf," Newsweek, May 2, 1994
Ellis, O.B., [former director], 89th Annual Congress of Corrections, speech, undated
Huntsville Item, convict labor, ledger, inventory [copies of clippings], 1877,
Jackson, Bruce, monograph, ["The Bureaucratic Crisis: Public Institutions... Whom Do They Serve"], 1978
Lists of commissioners, directors, and Walls wardens, compiled ca. 1985
[covers 1848 to 1985]
Pirkle, Roger Earl, writ writer, 1979, 1991, undated
Terrell, Charles T., [Chairman of Board] final remarks to Board of Criminal Justice, 1991
"The Texas Penitentiary and Prison Textile Production in the Civil War Era", Mike Moore, 1984
Uzzel, Reverend Robert, 1987
[columns by him, clippings, church service programs]
Walden, W.D., [ex-guard] letters, 1963,
West, David D., Wynne Unit, [inmate] 1989
Notorious inmates clippings
box
1998/261-2 Booker, Bracksher Seldon - "Uzi Man," undated
Brandley, C., 1990
Corwin, Daniel - "Prison city killer," 1995
Graham, Gary, 1993
Henley, Elmer Wayne, 1991
Hoffman, Grady Lee - "Baby Bandit," 1991
Marble, Guy, Jr. - "Friendly rapist," 1986
Sandoval, Luis [ex-guard], 1991
Autopsies
box
1998/261-3 RESTRICTED Barney, Jeffery Allen, April 16, 1986
Bass, Charles, March 12, 1986
De La Rosa, Jesse, May 15, 1985
Milton, Charles, June 25, 1985
Morin, Stephen, March 3, 1985
Porter, Henry, July 9, 1985
Rumbaugh, Charles, September 11, 1985
Skillern, Dole, January 16, 1985