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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Fannie Ratchford collection, about 1933-1947,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Fannie Ratchford:

An Inventory of the Fannie Ratchford Collection at the Texas State Archives, about 1933-1947



Overview

Creator: Ratchford, Fannie Elizabeth, 1888-
Title: Fannie Ratchford collection
Dates: about 1933-1947
Abstract: The Fannie Ratchford collection contains the materials gathered by Ratchford for a project to describe architecturally noteworthy Texas houses built in the nineteenth century. Papers include correspondence, questionnaires, notes, clippings and lists, dating from about 1933 to 1947. Apparently lack of funds and time combined to prevent the completion of the projected book, but the files of material documenting her research and process are an invaluable document of the Texas building arts.
Quantity: 11.59 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Fannie Elizabeth Ratchford, librarian and scholar, was born on June 5, 1887, in Paint Rock, Texas. She taught school in Brownwood, Fort Worth, and various West Texas towns while attending college intermittently. She entered the University of Texas in 1905 and completed one year of study, then attended Daniel Baker College in Brownwood (1911-1912) and the University of Kansas (summer 1914) before returning to the University of Texas for two summer sessions (1918 and 1919). She graduated in 1919 with a B.A. from the university and did subsequent work by correspondence at the University of Kansas. She was awarded a master's degree in 1921.

From 1919 until she retired in 1957, Ratchford was associated with the rare book collections at the University of Texas at Austin. During her tenure as librarian—a term she considered inappropriate because of her lack of formal training in library science—Ratchford insisted on special cataloging and treatment to preserve the materials under her care. She also promoted recognition of the collections in the scholarly community through exhibitions and publications.

Ratchford's scholarly interests had their genesis in the Wrenn Library, now a part of the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. She wrote or edited numerous books and articles in her lifetime, ranging from her first publication, Some Reminiscences of Persons and Incidents of the Civil War (1909), as told to her by her father, to works on genealogy, folklore, local history and English literature. In addition, as a member of the first Book Club of Texas she did pioneering work in promoting fine printing in the state. Her edition of A.W. Terrell's From Texas to Mexico and the Court of Maximilian in 1865 was named one of the "fifty books of the year" by the American Institute of Graphic Arts. Ratchford's endeavors were supported in part by Guggenheim fellowships for 1929-1930, 1939-1940, and 1957-1958, and by Laura Spelman Rockefeller research fellowships for 1934-1936. Other honors conferred on her included the Texas Ex-Students' Association Centennial Lecture Award (1936) for a series of lectures she delivered in Texas colleges and an honorary LL.D. from Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio (1954). After her retirement in 1957, Fannie Ratchford assisted in editing the Oxford edition of the complete works of the Brontës. She died in Austin on February 9, 1974.

(Sources used: Leach, Sally Sparks, "Ratchford, Fannie Elizabeth,"The Handbook of Texas Online. accessed July 3, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Fannie Ratchford collection contains the notes and materials gathered by Fannie Ratchford for a project to describe architecturally noteworthy Texas houses built in the nineteenth century, the majority of which were built prior to the Civil War. Ratchford surveyed houses from over 180 different towns in Texas during this project. Papers include correspondence, questionnaires, notes, clippings and lists from this time. The data files vary in the amount and kinds of information available. Some have only the blank questionnaire form with the name of the city, county or specific residence. The questionnaires provide as much information as known about: the name of the house; the year built; for whom the house was built such as occupation, native of, family, education, former homes; the surrounding community such as neighbors and social life; details of the site including location on present road, on old roads, and in relation to water; the topography including contour of the land, soil and timber; the climate; the construction such as materials, labor and tools; a contemporary description; and a description of both the interior and exterior of the house. In addition to the questionnaire, the files may contain correspondence concerning the home, drawings and floor plans, sketches of interior details and furniture, newspaper articles on the residence, lists of residents with dates, and infrequently, biographical information on owners. A number written in red pencil and circled seems to be an internal numbering system of Ratchford's but it is inconsistent throughout the completed forms.

In addition to Ratchford's survey records, the collection includes letters of inquiry from Ratchford concerning potential houses, correspondence concerning the Historic American Building Survey, newspaper clippings, and a card file index of the houses and individuals that Ratchford researched. Funding for the project was provided by a Rockefeller fellowship and a lack of funds and time may have combined to prevent the completion of Ratchford's projected book.

This collection was originally donated along with photographs created by Ratchford during the survey project. These photographs are a visual documentation of Ratchford's survey work. See the Related Materials section for more information about the Fannie Ratchford photograph collection.

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Arrangement of the Records

The survey material within the collection is arranged alphabetically by town or county, and then by the names of the home owners or builders within each town or county division. The last two boxes hold additional research material and the card file index.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Law of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. The term of copyright for published material varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Dwellings--Texas.
Architecture, Domestic--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Historic houses, etc.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Dwellings--about 1933-1947.
Questionnaires--Texas--Dwellings--about 1933-1947.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Dwellings--about 1933-1947.
Notes--Texas--Dwellings--about 1933-1947.
Lists--Texas--Dwellings--about 1933-1947.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records in this finding aid. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Fannie Ratchford photograph collection, about 1933-1947, 6.25 cubic ft.
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Fannie Ratchford collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1970/101

These records were donated to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Fannie Ratchford on April 30, 1970.

Processing Information

Corrections and further encoding to TARO standards by Tonia J. Wood, July 2001

EAD finding aid updated by Halley Grogan, June 2013

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Fannie Ratchford collection, about 1933-1947,
11.59 cubic ft.

Box
1970/101-1 Adren
Anahuac
Anderson
Austin, #60 thru #403
Box
1970/101-2 Austin, #404 thru #416, unnumbered
Box
1970/101-3 Austin, unnumbered, by surname
Bastrop Advertiser and miscellaneous notes
Box
1970/101-4 Bastrop and vicinity
Box
1970/101-5 Beaumont
Bells
Bergs Mill
Boerne
Brazoria
Box
1970/101-6 Brenham
Brown's Prairie
Brownsville
Burkeville
Calaveras
Cameron
Carmine
Castell
Castroville
Center Point
Chapel Hill
Chatfield
Cherry Springs
Chireno
[Note: see San Augustine]
Clarksville
Cleburne
Box
1970/101-7 Clifton
Coleman County
Columbia
Columbus
Comfort
Conroe
Copano
Corpus Christi
Corsicana
Cotton Gin
Box
1970/101-8 Crockett
Cuevitas
Dalby Spring
Dawson
Dessau
Dew
D'Hanis
Dobbin
Double Bayou
Dresden
Eagle Pass
Elgin
Ellis County
Box
1970/101-9 El Tule
Fairfield
Fentress
Fincastle
Floresville
Fort Clark
Fort Griffin
Fort Leaton
Fort Worth
Franklin
Frankston
Fredericksburg
Gaines Ferry
Box
1970/101-10 Galveston
Box
1970/101-11 Gause
Gay Hill
Georgetown - Lampasas
Gilmer
Glenfawn
Goliad
Gonzales
Grant's Ferry
Graytown
Helena
Hemphill
Hempstead
Henderson
Box
1970/101-12 Hillsboro
Hondo
Honey Grove
Houston
Huntsville
Independence
Industry
Box
1970/101-13 Jasper
Jefferson
Jim Hogg County
[Note: see Randado]
Johnson City
Johnson Station [or Johnson Center?]
Kaufman
Kentucky Town
Kerens
Kickapoo
Kyle
Box
1970/101-14 La Grange
Lamar
Lancaster
Laredo
Larissa
Box
1970/101-15 Lavaca
Leon Springs
Liberty
Livingston
Lockhart
Longview
Lufkin
Manor
Marlin
Marshall
Box
1970/101-16 Marshall
Box
1970/101-17 Martindale
Maydell
McKinney
Milam
Milford
Mission Valley
Montgomery
Mount Cohn
Box
1970/101-18 Mount Enterprise
Mount Pleasant
Mount Vernon
Muldoon
Nacogdoches
Navasota
New Boston
New Braunfels
New Foundland
[Note: see New Fountain]
New Fountain
Orange
Box
1970/101-19 Paint Rock
Palestine
Panna Maria
Paris
Parker County
Pittsburg
Plantersville
Prairie Lea
Preston Bend
Quihi
Box
1970/101-20 Randado
Refugio
Rio Grande City
Rio Vista
Roans Prairie
Rochel[le]
Roma
[Note: see also Rio Grande City]
Roma-Los Saenz
Round Top
Round Rock
Rusk
Box
1970/101-21 Sabine Pass
Sabine Town
Saenz
[Note: see Roma-Los Saenz]
Saint Mary's
Saledo
San Antonio
San Augustine & Chireno vicinity
San Diego
Box
1970/101-22 San Marcos
San Patricio
San Saba
San Ygnacio
Savoy
Sawyer, Florence, correspondence
Seguin
Shelbyville
Box
1970/101-24 Shiro
Sisterdale
Somerset
Stoneham
Sutherland Springs
Tarrant County & Parker County
Taylor vicinity
Tennessee Valley
Thomaston
Titus County & Morris County
Tyler
Tyler County
Utopia
Victoria
Box
1970/101-23 Von Ormy
Waco
Wallaceville
Washington
Waverly
West Point
Wheelock/Hearne
Whitewright
Winchester
Woodsboro
Woodville
Wright City
Box
1970/101-25 Letters of Inquiry
Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS)
[2 folders]
Duval, J.C.
Edey Letter
Frontier Times, April 1937
Non-Texas
HABS information circular
Elisabet Ney, Raffalovich article
Davis correspondence
Maps
Reid, Mrs. Bruce, correspondence
Williams publication, An Indigenous Architecture
Index of surveys
Brief location notes
Reading notes
Cross references, notes
Unidentified house
Houses to be found
Newspaper clippings
Box
1970/101-26 Card file

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