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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Records, 1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933),

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor Ross S. Sterling:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1931-1933 : Sterling)
Title: Records
Dates: 1924-1933
Dates: (bulk 1931-1933)
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, application files, financial records, clippings, reports, and related records dating from 1924 to 1933 (bulk 1931 to 1933). Materials are from Ross Sterling's term as governor of Texas from January 20, 1931 to January 17, 1933. A large number of files relate to oil and martial law in East Texas, Texas Rangers, the prison system, cotton, and extraditions.
Quantity: 18.33 cubic ft.
Repository:

Biographical Sketch

Ross Shaw Sterling served as governor of Texas from January 20, 1931 to January 17, 1933. Sterling was born February 11, 1875 in Anahuac, Chambers County, Texas. He grew up on a farm and, after little formal education, began working as a clerk at the age of twelve. At the age of 21 he started his own merchandising business, and in 1911 he organized the Humble Oil Company. In addition to oil, Sterling was also involved in a railroad, a newspaper, banking, and real estate in the Houston area, and was an active member of the Houston Port Commission. He served as chair of the Texas Highway Commission under Governor Dan Moody.

Sterling defeated former governor Miriam Ferguson and several other candidates in the 1930 race for governor. When Sterling took office, the worst effects of the Depression were beginning to appear in the state. Appropriations exceeded revenues, and Sterling had to veto funding for education and other programs. During Sterling's term in office, the East Texas oil fields experienced rapid and uncontrolled development. The Railroad Commission attempted proration, but the courts struck the plan down. Because of the chaotic situation, Sterling declared martial law in four counties for six months. National Guard troops were sent to the oil fields to limit waste and control production. This action was later declared unwarranted by the federal district court and the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Railroad Commission's plan for proration was accepted. Cotton prices also suffered during Sterling's term in office. Governor Sterling was defeated by Miriam Ferguson in his attempt at re-election in 1932. Ross Sterling died on March 25, 1949.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, application files, financial records, clippings, reports, and related records dating from 1924 to 1933 (bulk 1931 to 1933). Materials are from Ross Sterling's term as governor of Texas. A large number of files relate to oil and martial law in East Texas, Texas Rangers, and the prison system. Other records include applications and appointments for government positions, requests and recommendations for extradition and pardons for criminals, and service station reports for 1931 from around the United States. Correspondence regarding legislation covers banking, cotton, education, highways, insurance, and the judiciary.

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Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is alphabetical by subject and then chronological.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Sterling, Ross S., 1875-1949.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas Rangers.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Legislation--Texas.
Martial law--Texas, East.
Oil fields--Texas, East.
Prisons--Texas.
Extradition--Texas.
Pardon--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Reports--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Orders (military records)--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Legal documents--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Financial records--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Clippings--Texas--Governors--1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933).
Functions:
Appointing.
Pardoning.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Statutory Filings Division, Statutory Documents Section, Executive clemency records,1840, 1845-2002, 103.62 cubic ft., 168 reels of microfilm (originals), 22 reels of microfilm (duplicates).
Campaign material, [19--?]-[19--] (bulk 1928, 1933, 1941-1944), 10 inches.
Inaugurations of Texas Governors Papers, 1895-1965, 5 in.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Ross Shaw Sterling Papers, 1930-1932, 1939, 12 ft., 10 in.
University of North Texas Archives, Denton, Texas
Oral History Collection, 1,100+ bound volumes of interview transcripts. [Transcripts from The Texas Political History Project concerning Sterling include an interview with T. Bullock Hyder.]

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records, Texas Governor Ross S. Sterling. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1985/024, 2004/182

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Records Management Division of the Texas State Library in 1961. Several files were discovered while processing the records of Governors Allred and O'Daniel and were given an accession number for purposes of control on July 2, 2004.

Processing Information

October 1985

Tonia J. Wood, January 1996, July 2004

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Records, 1924-1933 (bulk 1931-1933),
18.33 cubic ft.

Box Folder
301-435 1-12. Adjutant General Department, January 31, 1931 - January 4, 1933
Box
2004/184-3 Agricultural & Mechanical College of Texas - Auditor's Report, October 10, 1931
Box Folder
301-435 13-16. American Legion, January 28, 1931 - December 14, 1932
17-20. American Red Cross, January 28, 1931 - November 10, 1932
21-27. Applications - General, December 30, 1924 - March 6, 1931
Box Folder
301-436 1-28. Applications - General, March 9, 1931 - May 9, 1932
Box Folder
301-437 1-10. Applications - General, May 11 - December 14, 1932, undated
11-29. Appointments - General, August 29, 1929 - September 15, 1932, undated
Box
2004/184-3 Appropriations, [between 1 Sept. 1930 and 20 Jan. 1931]
Box Folder
301-438 1-10. Auditor, State, January 13, 1931 - October 25, 1932
15-20. Banking Legislation, January 24 - May 26, 1931
21-25. Barber Examiners Board, December 19, 1930 - June 10, 1932
Box Folder
301-439 1-4. Barber Examiners Board, June 11 - July 29, 1932
5-29. Bills and Receipts, October 3, 1928 - December 31, 1931
Box Folder
301-440 1-15. Bills and Receipts, January 11 - September 10, 1932
16-24. Cotton, January 17 - August 16, 1931
Box Folder
301-441 1-10. Cotton, August 17 - September 11, 1931, undated
11-17. Cotton - Against Legislation, July 15 - September 27, 1931, undated
Box Folder
301-442 1-19. Cotton - For Legislation, February 8, 1929 - August 27, 1931
Box Folder
301-443 1-21. Cotton - For Legislation, August 28 - September 4, 1931, undated
Box Folder
301-444 1-5. Cotton - Newspaper Clippings, 1926, January 18 - December 1, 1931, undated
6-14. Courts of Civil Appeals - Appointments, February 13, 1931 - October 24, 1932
15-16. Dallas Affair, March 7 - April 16, 1931
17-25. District Judge Appointments, January 26 - April 10, 1931
Box Folder
301-445 1-9. District Judge Appointments, April 11 - July 2, 1931, undated
10-12. Education Legislation, March 16, 1931 - September 17, 1932
Extradition of:
13. Bailey, R.F., January 9 - March 26, 1931
14. Bartee, H.J., June 8-10, 1931
15. Bernfield, Martin, January 4 - February 1, 1932
16. Burton, G.A., May 9 - July 14, 1931
17. Crimm, Homer, August 8-22, 1931
18. Davlin, E., November 27 - December 8, 1931
19. Deutser, Edward, August 6-11, 1931
20. Dillard, Roy, January 12-17, 1931
21. Dust, Gilbert, April 15-23, 1931
22. Grant, E.B., March 4 - May 2, 1931
23. Hamilton, C.R., February 26 - March 7, 1932
24. Herber, Harry, April 15 - May 4, 1931
25. Horton, J.D., November 18, 1931
Box Folder
301-446 1-5. Jaeggli, F.W., May 27, 1926 - March 4, 1931
6. Jones, Swanie O., February 19 - March 27, 1931
7. Kelly, Wallace P., September 23 - October 3, 1931
8. Kingsley, Harry, May 31 - August 3, 1931
9. Laird, Florus, December 7-29, 1931, April 9-11, 1932
10. Loughrey, James, April 20-23, 1931
11. Maddi, Victor, February 12-22, 1932
12. Martin, H.R., February 2-24, 1932
13. McCain, George, June 16-19, 1931
14. McClure, Thomas, February 1 - March 3, 1932
15. McKenzie, John A., February 2-3, 1932
16. McKinney, Roy, June 2-3, 1931
17. Mooney, Floyd Olive, October 19 - November 14, 1931
18. Moore, L.C., May 2-4, 1931
19. Patterson, Fred, January 23-26, 1931
20. Peeples, Fred, July 23-27, 1931
21. Phelps, Jasper, April 2-6, 1931
22. Procter, John, February 26 - March 4, 1931
23. Ratcliff, J. Houston, February 9-15, 1931
24. Scrivner, W.S., October 9-7, 1931
25. Shaver, Harry, January 30-31, 1931
26. Sherman, L.G., April 29 - July 11, 1931
27. Smith, Amos, February 2-11, 1932
28. Sowers, Manson, December 15, 1931
29. Spencer, Calvin A., January 21-23, 1931
30. Spencer, William J., January 21-23, 1931
31. Stone, Bret, January 7 - February 2, 1931
32. Thompson, H.J., August 6-10, 1931
33. Thompson, R.H., January 26-30, 1932
34. Williams, J.H., December 28, 1931 - January 6, 1932
Box Folder
301-447 1-7. Extraditions from Texas, January 21, 1931 - April 20, 1932
8-12. Extraditions to Texas, January 20, 1931 - April 11, 1932
13-27. Federal Departments, January 20, 1931 - January 3, 1933
Box
2004/184-3 Federal Legislation, September - October 1931
Box Folder
301-448 1-19. Federal Legislation, January 5, 1931 - January 22, 1933, undated
20. Frontenac Oil Refineries Incorporated versus Houston Oil Company of Texas - Documents Subpoenaed, 1931-33
21. Game, Fish, and Oyster Commission, January 19 - May 21, 1931
22. Governors' Conference, January 23, 1931 - February 29, 1932
23-25. Governor's Office, January 19 - February 17, 1931
Box Folder
301-449 1-24. Governor's Office, February 18, 1931 - April 30, 1932, undated
Box Folder
301-450 1-7. Health Department, January 21, 1931 - July 9, 1932
8-9. Health Department, April - September, 1931
10-31. Highway Department, February 24, 1930 - December 31, 1931
Box Folder
301-451 1-14. Highway Department, January 4 - April 21, 1932
16-27. Highway Legislation, January 8 - October 28, 1931
Box Folder
301-452 1. Insurance Legislation, February 9 - July 9, 1931
2-3. Judicial Legislation, May 12, 1931 - October 7, 1932
4-14. Legislation - Appropriations, January 19 - September 30, 1931, undated
15-20. Legislation - Miscellaneous, January 15 - April 28, 1931
Box Folder
301-453 1-4. Legislation - Miscellaneous, April 29 - July 10, 1931, undated
5-17. Legislation - Proposed, April 2, 1930 - October 13, 1932, undated
18-20. Legislation - Special Session, 1927, February 16, 1931-June 15, 1932
Box Folder
301-454 1-18. Legislation - Special Session, June 16 - December 3, 1932, undated
Box Folder
301-455 1. Mansion Supervisors, Board of, July 23 -August 18, 1931
2. Monuments and Memorials, March 19 - November 6, 1931
3. Newspaper Clippings - Miscellaneous, October 3, 1930, June, September 25 - December 2, 1931, July-August 1932, undated
Box
2004/184-3 Notary Public Commission Certificates, Eastland County, June 1, 1931
[2 folders]
Box Folder
301-455 4-6. Oil Conferences, January 15 - November 17, 1931
7. Oil Conferences - Background of Efforts to Stabilize the Oil Industry, undated
8-13. Oil - Federal Injunction, August 13, 1931 - November 17, 1932, undated
14-21. Oil - Legislation and Proration, March 3 - June 30, 1931
Box Folder
301-456 1-6. Oil - Legislation and Proration, July 1, 1931 - April 19, 1932
7-17. Oil - Martial Law in East Texas, February 26 - August [14], 1931
Box Folder
301-457 1-[14]. Oil - Martial Law in East Texas, August [15], 1931 - [December 11, 1931]
Box Folder
301-458 1-10. Oil - Martial Law in East Texas, [December 12, 1931 - September 28, 1932]
11-15. Oil - Newspaper Clippings, March 17, 1931 - November 4, 1932, undated
16-20. Oil - Production of Wells in East Texas, September 2, 1931 - February 1, 1932
Box Folder
301-459 1-6. Oil - Production of Wells in East Texas, March 1 - August 1, 1932, 1934, undated
7-9. Old Age Pension Legislation - Petitions, 1931-32
10. Pardons, August 6, September 8, 1931
11-13. Pension Legislation, April 21 - August 10, 1931
14. Poet Laureate of Texas, March 7 - June 18, 1931
15. Port Arthur Affair, May 1 - June 30, 1931
16-22. Proclamations, February 1, 1931 - April 18, 1932
23-25. Public Utility Legislation, February 3 - June 20, 1931
Box Folder
301-460 1-16. Railroad Commission, January 31, 1931 - April 15, 1932
17. Railroad Commission, Motor Bus Division, August 20 - November 26, 1931
18. Railroad Commission, Oil and Gas Division - Applications, November 16, 1931 - March 17, 1932
19. Re-Districting Legislation, July 9 - August 3, 1931
20-24. Red River Bridge Controversy, March 30, 1931 - January 11, 1932, undated
Box Folder
301-461 1-26. Requests for Autographs and Information, January 13, 1931 - February 8, 1932
Box Folder
301-462 1-22. Requests for Autographs and Information, February 9 - December 15, 1932, undated
23-25. San Antonio Refunding Bond Bill, August 8-22, 1931
Box Folder
301-463 1-4. Secretary of State, January 22, 1931 - September 13, 1932
5. Seligman, Governor Arthur, June 11 - December 21, 1931
Service Station Reports:
6. Alabama, 1930-31
7. Arkansas, 1930-31
Box
2004/184-3 Connecticut, 1931
Florida, 1931
Box Folder
301-463 8. Georgia, 1931
9. Illinois, 1930-31
10. Iowa, 1931
11. Kansas, 1931
12. Kentucky, 1931
13. Louisiana, 1931
14. Maryland, 1931
15. Massachusetts, 1931
16. Michigan, 1931
17. Minnesota, 1931
18. Missouri, 1931
Box
2004/184-3 Nebraska, 1931
New Jersey, 1931
New York, 1931
Box Folder
301-463 19. Ohio, 1931
20. Pennsylvania, 1931
21. South Dakota, 1931
22. Tennessee, 1931
23-28. Texas, April 1 - October 10, 1931
29. Virginia, 1931
30. Washington, D.C., 1931
31. West Virginia, 1931
Box Folder
301-464 1-10. Sheriff's Expenses, July 20, 1929 - April 21, 1932
11. Soldiers' Bonus Bill, September 13, 1930 - May 17, 1932
12-14. State Service Officer, January 21, 1931 - July 22, 1932
15-27. Taxes, December 1, 1930 - October 26, 1932
Box Folder
301-465 1-27. Tax Legislation, January 14, 1931 - October 7, 1932
Box Folder
301-466 1. Texas Centennial Committee, February 23, 1932
2. Texas College of Arts and Industries - Auditor's Report, 1930
3-7. Texas National Guard, February 21, 1931 - December 6, 1932
8. Texas Ranger Reports, Request for - February - October 1932
9-23. Texas Rangers - Applications, Endorsements, and Appointments, January 16, 1931 - August 25, 1932
24. Texas Rangers at Alvin, Texas, June 7-9, 1932
25-26. Texas State Prison System - Applications and Endorsements, January 22 - September 15, 1932
27-31. Texas State Prison System - Audits, December 1930 - April, 1931
Box Folder
301-467 1-15. Texas State Prison System - Audits, May, 1931 - October 1932
16. Texas State Prison System - Complaints, February 12, 1931 - September 15, 1932
17-30. Texas State Prison System - General, July 30, 1928 - January 10, 1933, undated
Box Folder
301-468 1-5. Texas State Prison System - New Convict Lists, May, 1931 - November, 1932
6. Texas State Prison System - Newspaper Clippings, July 3, 1931 - April 3, 1932, undated
7-13. Texas State Prison System - Proclamation Lists, August 3, 1927 - January 16, 1931
14-27. Texas State Prison System - Releases, August 5, 1930 - May 31, 1932
Box Folder
301-469 1-10. Texas State Prison System - Releases, June 1, 1932 - January 13, 1933
11-12. Texas State Prison System - Whipping Orders, February, 1931 - November, 1932
14-23. Truck Legislation, January 9 - May 18, 1931
Box Folder
301-470 1-16. Truck Legislation, May 19 - May 22, 1931
Box Folder
301-471 1-6. Truck Legislation, May 23 - June 27, 1931, undated
7-13. Truck Legislation - Petitions, undated
14-20. Unemployment Relief Committee, February 24 - October 12, 1931
Box Folder
301-472 1-8. Unemployment Relief Committee, October 13, 1931 - October 17, 1932
9-16. Washington, George - Bicentennial Commission, April 16, 1930 - October 10, 1932
17. West Point Appointees, February 5, 1931 - December 10, 1932
18-24. World's Fair Committee, April 23, 1930 - August 31, 1932

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