Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor William Pettus Hobby:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1917-1921 : Hobby)
Title: Records
Dates: 1915-1920
Dates: (bulk 1917-1920)
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, letterpress books, clippings, proclamations, petitions, and financial records dating from 1915 to 1920 (bulk 1917-1920). Documents are records of William Pettus Hobby's terms as governor and lieutenant governor of Texas.
Quantity: 9.28 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

William Pettus Hobby served as governor of Texas from August 25, 1917 to January 18, 1921. Hobby was born on March 26, 1878 at Moscow, Polk County, Texas. In 1892 his family moved to Houston. Later, Hobby quit high school to take a job with the circulation department of the Houston Post, and eventually was promoted to managing editor. In 1904 Hobby helped organize the Young Men's Democratic Club, and was its first president. He attended the 1904 Democratic state convention as chairman of the delegation for the Sixteenth Congressional District, and later became secretary of the State Democratic Executive Committee. In 1907 Hobby moved to Beaumont to become editor and proprietor of the Beaumont Enterprise. He was selected president of the Chamber of Commerce in February 1912.

Hobby was elected lieutenant governor in 1914 and re-elected in 1916. He became acting governor on August 25, 1917 and governor on September 25, 1917, when James Ferguson resigned. While filling Ferguson's term, Hobby agreed to the proposal allowing women to vote during the primary, and supported legislation banning alcohol sales within ten miles of military installations. Hobby was elected governor in 1918, and supported a generous appropriation for education, state assistance in obtaining home loans, and tax levies on oil and gas products. The Eighteenth Amendment regarding prohibition was passed by the legislature and approved by the voters while Hobby was in office. He married Willie Cooper of Beaumont on May 15, 1915 at New Orleans; she died in 1929. Hobby married Oveta Culp on February 23, 1931. Two children were born to this marriage: William Pettus Hobby, Jr., who was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1972, and Jesse Oveta. Hobby died on June 7, 1964 in Houston.


Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, letterpress books, clippings, proclamations, petitions, and financial records dating from 1915 to 1920 (bulk 1917-1920). Documents are records of William Pettus Hobby's terms as governor and lieutenant governor of Texas. Correspondence includes requests and recommendations for appointment to office, and requests for pardons, paroles, extraditions, and furloughs. Subjects of letters and telegrams include the attempt to eradicate the pink boll worm, the organization of the National Guard, drought relief and relief after the September 1919 coastal storm that hit Corpus Christi and surrounding areas, and problems at the port of Galveston. Other correspondence covers relations with Mexico, campaigns for lieutenant governor and governor, prohibition, women's suffrage, World War I, and legislation during the 34th through 36th Legislatures.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized into two series:
Correspondence and financial records, 1915-1920, 1.18 cubic ft.
Letterpress books, 1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920), 8 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Hobby, William Pettus, 1878-1964.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas. National Guard--History.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Lieutenant governors--Texas.
Pardon--Texas.
Cotton--Diseases and pests--Texas.
Disaster relief--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Texas--Relations--Mexico.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Letterpress copybooks--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Clippings--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Financial records--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Proclamations--Texas--Governors--1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920).
Functions:
Appointing.
Pardoning.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Executive clemency records, 1840, 1845-2002, 103.62 cubic ft., 168 reels of microfilm (originals), 22 reels of microfilm (duplicates)
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
William P. Hobby, Sr., Family Papers, 1914-1997, 7 ft.
University of North Texas Archives, Denton, Texas
Oral History Collection, 1,100+ bound volumes of interview transcripts. [Transcripts from The Texas Political History Project concerning Hobby include an interview of H. Grady Perry.]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Records, Texas Governor William Pettus Hobby. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1936/002

The letterpress books were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Governor's Office on October 8, 1936. There is no accession data for the remainder of the records.

Processing Information

October 1985

Tonia J. Wood, January 1996


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Correspondence and financial records, 1915-1920 (bulk 1915),
1.18 cubic ft.

Types of records are correspondence, petitions, proclamations, clippings, accounts and receipts, dating from 1915 to 1920 (bulk 1915). Most of the correspondence pertains to Hobby's position as lieutenant governor, and deals primarily with appointments, letters of congratulation, legislation, and pardons. The accounts and receipts are personal records for the governor and his wife, mainly for the years 1919-1920.
Arrangement
Records are grouped by type of material. Correspondence is divided between outgoing and incoming letters, which are then in chronological order. Clippings are arranged chronologically. The accounts and receipts are arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence and financial records, Records, Texas Governor William Pettus Hobby. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
No accession information for these records was located.
Box Folder
301-383 1. Correspondence [outgoing], January 13 - 15, 1915
2. Correspondence [outgoing], January 16 - 22, 1915
3. Correspondence [outgoing], January 23 - 25, 1915
4. Correspondence [outgoing], January 26 - February 4, 1915
5. Correspondence [outgoing], February 5 - 11, 1915
6. Correspondence [outgoing], February 12 - 19, 1915
7. Correspondence [outgoing], February 20 - 25, 1915
8. Correspondence [outgoing], March 1 - 12, 1915
9. Correspondence [outgoing], March 13 - 22, 1915
10. Correspondence [outgoing], April 29 - May 10, 1915
11. Correspondence [outgoing], May 11 - 26, 1915
12. Correspondence [outgoing], June 1, 1915 - June 30, 1917
Box Folder
301-384 1. Correspondence [incoming], 1913-1914, January 5 - 11, 1915
2. Correspondence [incoming], January 12 - 16, 1915
3. Correspondence [incoming], January 17 - 21, 1915
4. Correspondence [incoming], January 22 - 25, 1915
5. Correspondence [incoming], January 26 - 28, 1915
6. Correspondence [incoming], January 28 - February 2, 1915
7. Correspondence [incoming], February 3 - 10, 1915
8. Correspondence [incoming], February 11 - 16, 1915
9. Correspondence [incoming], February 17 - 22, 1915
10. Correspondence [incoming], February 23 - 27, 1915
11. Correspondence [incoming], February 28 - March 3, 1915
12. Correspondence [incoming], March 4 - 8, 1915
13. Correspondence [incoming], March 9 - 11, 1915
14. Correspondence [incoming], March 12 - 16, 1915
15. Correspondence [incoming], March 17 - 22, April - May, 1915
16. Correspondence [incoming], August 1917; April, September 1918; June 1919; January, March 1920
17. Correspondence [incoming], April - June, August - September 1920
18. Correspondence [incoming], undated
19. Newspaper clippings, January 10 - 13, 1915, August 8, 1919
Box
301-385 Accounts & Receipts:
1. A
2. B
3. C (Cashan Grotto No. 86 - Central National Bank of St. Louis)
4. C (Citizens Auto Co. - Jasper Collins)
5. C (Columbian Refining Co.)
6. C (Condit-Franklin Co. - Crosby House)
7. D
8. E
9. F
10. G (L.B. Gann - Grant Bros.)
11. G (Great Southern Life Insurance Co. - Gunter Hotel)
12. H
13. I-K
14. L
15. M
16. N-O
17. P
18. R
19. S (Sanger Bros. - Security National Bank)
20. S (S. Silverman - Smith & Wilcox)
21. S (The Smokery - J.J. Sweeny Jewelry Co.)
22. T
23. U-V
24. W (Waco State Bank - Western Union Telegraph Company)
25. W (T.H. Williams - W.T. Wroe & Son)
26. Y



 

Letterpress books, 1915-1920 (bulk 1917-1920),
8 cubic ft.

Records are letterpress books, dating from 1915 to 1920 (bulk 1917-1920). Outgoing correspondence in these books pertains to William P. Hobby's position as governor of Texas. Personal correspondence, telegrams, campaign letters, and messages to the legislature are also included. Subjects include the cotton market, eradication of the pink boll worm, drought relief, the September 1919 storm, and legislation. Letters and telegrams on a number of pages are smudged, faded, and illegible. The letterpress book dated December 10, 1920 to March 8, 1922 also contains correspondence for Governor Neff. The letterpress book of telegrams dated December 8, 1920 to September 12, 1921 is filed with Governor Neff's records.
Arrangement
Books are arranged in chronological order, except for the volumes relating to campaigns, telegrams, messages, and personal correspondence, which are located at the end.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Letterpress books, Records, Texas Governor William Pettus Hobby. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1936/002
The letterpress books were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Governor's Office on October 8, 1936.
Box
301-386 Unnumbered volume, August 29 - September 29, 1917
Volume 1, October 1 - 16, 1917
Volume 2, October 16 - 31, 1917
Volume 3, October 31 - November 21, 1917
Volume 4, November 20 - December 7, 1917
Volume 5, December 6 - 20, 1917
Volume 6, December 22, 1917 - January 5, 1918
Volume 7, January 5 - 14, 1918
Volume 8, January 14 - 25, 1918
Box
301-387 Volume 9, January 19 - 29, 1918
Volume 10, January 29 - February 7, 1918
Volume 11, February 7 - 14, 1918
Volume 12, February 14 - 20, 1918
Volume 13, February 20 - March 2, 1918
Volume 14, March 1 - 8, 1918
Volume 15, March 9 - 21, 1918
Volume 16, March 22 - 30, 1918
Volume 16, March 30 - April 6, 1918
Box
301-388 Volume 17, April 5 - 15, 1918
Volume 18, April 15 - 22, 1918
Volume 19, April 22 - 30, 1918
Volume 20, April 30 - May 4, 1918
Volume 21, May 6 - 13, 1918
Unnumbered volumes, May 15 - July 9, 1918
[4]
Box
301-389 Unnumbered volumes, July 9 - November 15, 1918
[7]
Box
301-390 Unnumbered volumes, November 13, 1918 - July 3, 1919
[10]
Box
301-391 Unnumbered volumes, July 3, 1919 - July 8, 1920
[9]
Box
301-392 Unnumbered volumes, July 10 - December 9, 1920
[2]
Box
301-538 Unnumbered volume, December 10, 1920 - March 8, 1922
[1]
Box
301-392 Campaign, January 10 - May 10, 1918
[1]
Telegrams, October 2, 1917 - December 8, 1920
[5]
Box
301-395 Telegrams, December 8, 1920 - September 12, 1921
Box
301-393 Personal, October 17, 1917 - May 5, 1919
[2]
October 10, 1917 - January 19, 1919
Messages, January 22, 1915 - March 26, 1918, 1919, 1920
[3]