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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Letterpress books, 1915-1918, 1920 (bulk 1915-1917),

Financial records and correspondence, 1915-1917 (bulk 1915-1916),

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor James Edward Ferguson:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1915-1918, 1920 (bulk 1915-1917)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1915-1917 : Ferguson)
Title: Records
Dates: 1915-1918, 1920
Dates: (bulk 1915-1917)
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, letterpress books, financial records, and an inventory of property in the Governor's Mansion. Materials date from 1915 to 1918 and 1920 (bulk 1915-1917). Documents are records of James E. Ferguson's terms as governor of Texas.
Quantity: 8.24 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

James Edward Ferguson served as governor of Texas from January 19, 1915 to August 25, 1917. Ferguson was born on August 31, 1871 near Salado, Bell County, Texas. His father died in 1876, and as soon as Ferguson was able, he helped out on the family's farm. He entered Salado College at 14, attending for two years. For the next two years, Ferguson worked his way west, taking a variety of jobs. He returned to Texas and worked on the railroads until 1895 when he began studying law. Ferguson was admitted to the bar in 1897 and began his practice in Belton. He developed interests in real estate, insurance, banking, and politics. In 1914 he won the governorship and was reelected in 1916. During his first term, legislation regarding state aid to rural schools, the establishment of the Austin State School, college building programs, and large appropriations for education were passed.

During Ferguson's second term in office, a quarrel with the University of Texas administration grew into a controversy. Resultant charges against him precipitated impeachment proceedings. The Senate, sitting as a court of impeachment, by a vote of 25 to 3, convicted Ferguson on ten charges, which included the misapplication of public funds, and failing to respect and enforce the banking laws of the state. Although he resigned on August 25, 1917, the day before the judgment was announced, the court of impeachment's judgment was sustained, preventing Ferguson from holding public office in Texas. He continued to be politically active. In 1924 and 1932 he conducted the successful campaigns of his wife for the governorship. Ferguson married Miriam Amanda Wallace on December 31, 1899, and they had two daughters. He died on September 21, 1944.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, letterpress books, financial records, and an inventory of property in the Governor's Mansion. Materials date from 1915 to 1918 and 1920 (bulk 1915-1917). Documents are records of James E. Ferguson's terms as governor of Texas. Financial records are accounts, statements, and correspondence for personal and official expenses. Letterpress books contain outgoing correspondence and telegrams. Correspondence includes requests and recommendations for appointments to office, as well as requests for pardons, paroles, requisitions, and extraditions. Letters and telegrams discuss livestock quarantines, border problems with Mexico concerning Pancho Villa, the Galveston storm of 1915, World War I, and the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Ferguson's problems with the University of Texas and events leading up to the impeachment are mentioned as well, with many replies to supporters. Correspondents include President Woodrow Wilson and General John J. Pershing.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into two series:
Letterpress books, 1915-1918, 1920, (bulk 1915-1917), 8 cubic ft.
Financial records and correspondence, 1915-1917 (bulk 1915-1916), 0.24 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Ferguson, James Edward, 1871-1944--Impeachment.
Ferguson, James Edward, 1871-1944.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas Governor's Mansion (Austin, Tex.)
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Quarantines--Texas.
Pardon--Texas.
World War, 1914-1918--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Relations--Mexico.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1915-1917.
Letterpress copybooks--Texas--Governors--1915-1917.
Financial records--Texas--Governors--1915-1917.
Inventories--Texas--Governors--1915-1917.
Functions:
Appointing.
Pardoning.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm
Texas Secretary of State, Executive clemency records, 1840, 1845-2002, 103.62 cubic ft., 168 reels of microfilm (originals), 22 reels of microfilm (duplicates)
Campaign material, [19--?]-[19--] (bulk 1928, 1933, 1941-1944), 10 inches.
King, A.K. The Public Life of James E. Ferguson, 1940. [MS]
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
James Edward Ferguson Collection, 1911-1936, 7 in.
University of North Texas Archives, Denton, Texas
Oral History Collection, 1,100+ bound volumes of interview transcripts. [Transcripts from The Texas Political History Project concerning James Ferguson include interviews of Ghent Sanderford, Fred H. Minor, H. Grady Perry, and T. Bullock Hyder.]

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Records, Texas Governor James Edward Ferguson. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1936/002

The letterpress books were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the governor's office on October 8, 1936. There is no accession data for the remainder of the records.

Processing Information

October 1985

Tonia J. Wood, January 1996

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Letterpress books, 1915-1918, 1920 (bulk 1915-1917),
8 cubic ft.

Records are 56 letterpress books, containing outgoing correspondence and telegrams written during Governor James E. Ferguson's term in office. Materials date from 1915-1918 and 1920 (bulk 1915-1917). Correspondence concerns requests and recommendations for appointments to office, as well as requests for pardons, paroles, requisitions, and extraditions. Other letters and telegrams discuss livestock quarantines, border problems with Mexico concerning Pancho Villa, the Galveston storm of 1915, World War I, and the Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Ferguson's problems with the University of Texas and events leading up to the impeachment are mentioned as well, with many replies to supporters. Correspondents include President Woodrow Wilson and General John J. Pershing.
Arrangement
Volumes are arranged in chronological order, except for the letterpress books of political correspondence and telegrams, which follow the others.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Letterpress books, Records, Texas Governor James Edward Ferguson. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1936/002
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Governor's Office on October 8, 1936.
Box
301-374 Volume 1, January 21, 1915 - January 10, 1916
Volume 1, January 21 - January 30, 1915
Volume 2, January 30 - February 12, 1915
Volume 3, February 12 - February 27, 1915
Volume 4, February 27 - March 19, 1915
Volume 5, March 19 - April 1, 1915
Volume 6, April 1 - April 17, 1915
Box
301-375 Volume 7, April 17 - May 4, 1915
Volume 8, May 4 - May 24, 1915
Volume 9, May 24 - June 9, 1915, June 29 - July 10, 1916
Volume 10, June 9 - June 25, 1915
Volume 11, June 25 - July 15, 1915
Volume 12, July 15 - August 4, 1915
Volume 13, August 4 - August 20, 1915
Box
301-376 Volume 14, August 20 - September 3, 1915
Volume 15, September 3 - September 20, 1915
Volume 16, September 21 - September 25, 1915
Volume 17, October 14 - November 1, 1915
Volume 18, November 2 - November 23, 1915
Volume 19, November 23 - December 13, 1915
Volume 20, December 13 - December 31, 1915
Box
301-377 Volume 21, December 31, 1915 - January 24, 1916
Volume 22, January 25 - February 17, 1916
Volume 23, February 17 - March 15, 1916
Volume 24, March 15 - April 6, 1916
Volume 25, April 6 - May 6, 1916
Volume 26, May 6 - May 27, 1916
Volume 27, May 29 - June 17, 1916
Box
301-378 Volume 28, June 20 - June 27, 1916
Volume 29, June 27 - July 10, 1916
Volume 30, July 10 - August 4, 1916
Volume 31, August 4 - September 6, 1916
Unnumbered volumes [3], September 7 - November 27, 1916
Box
301-379 Unnumbered volumes [7], November 27, 1916 - April 11, 1917
Box
301-380 Unnumbered volumes [6], April 11, 1917 - July 5, 1917
Box
301-381 Unnumbered volumes [6], July 5 - September 20, 1917
Political, June 27 - August 1, 1916
Telegrams, January 12, 1916 - June 1, 1918, and August 31, 1920

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Financial records and correspondence, 1915-1917 (bulk 1915-1916),
0.24 cubic ft.

Records are accounts, statements, correspondence, and an inventory of property in the Governor's Mansion. Materials date from 1915 to 1917 (bulk 1915-1916). The statements and accounts relate to Governor James E. Ferguson's personal and official expenses, including purchases made for the Governor's Mansion. Correspondence includes invitations and letters regarding state agency business.
Arrangement
Arrangement is chronological.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Financial records and correspondence, Records, Texas Governor James Edward Ferguson. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
No accession information for these records was located.
Box Folder
301-382 1. Statements and accounts, January 5 - April 20, 1915
2. Statements and accounts, May 1 - August 20, 1915
3. Statements and accounts, September 1 - December 31, 1915
4. Statements and accounts, January 1 - March 31, 1916
5. Statements and accounts, April 1 - December 18, 1916
6. Correspondence, May 3, 1915 - June 30, 1917

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