Contact Us
Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Records, 1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878),

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor Richard Bennett Hubbard:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1876-1879 : Hubbard)
Title: Records
Dates: 1870-1878
Dates: (bulk 1877-1878)
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, reports from state officials, including the Adjutant General and the Comptroller, claims, letterpress books, and messages to the Texas Legislature, dating from 1870 to 1878, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1878. Documents are records from Richard Bennett Hubbard's term as governor of Texas from December 1876 to January 1879.
Quantity: 3.06 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Richard Bennett Hubbard served as governor of Texas from December 1, 1876 to January 21, 1879. He was born in Georgia on November 1, 1832 and graduated from Mercer College (1851) and Harvard Law School (1853). Hubbard then moved to Texas and began practicing law in Tyler. While campaigning for James Buchanan in the presidential election of 1856, Hubbard's oratorical skill earned him the nickname of "the Demosthenes of Texas." He was appointed U.S. district attorney for the Western District of Texas in 1858, and elected state representative in 1859. After serving as a colonel in the Confederate Army, Hubbard farmed until he could resume his law practice upon being pardoned. He was elected Richard Coke's lieutenant governor in 1873 and 1876. When Coke resigned in December 1876 to become U.S. Senator, Hubbard became governor and served out his term. No legislatures met during this period. Besides an enormous public debt, Hubbard had to contend with renewed feuding and outlawry in the state. Other issues included the penitentiary lease system, the rise of the Grange and the Greenback Party, and the first experiments with the party primary. Hubbard received a majority of votes for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in July 1878, but did not receive a two-thirds majority. He was passed over in favor of the compromise candidate, Oran Roberts. President Grover Cleveland appointed Hubbard U.S. minister to Japan from 1885-1889. In 1899, Hubbard's book The United States and the Far East was published. He died in Tyler in 1901.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, reports from state officials, including the Adjutant General and the Comptroller, claims, letterpress books, and messages to the Texas Legislature, dating from 1870 to 1878, with the bulk of the material dating from 1877 to 1878. Documents are records from Richard Bennett Hubbard's term as governor of Texas from December 1876 to January 1879. Correspondence covers relations with Mexico, ranger units, outlaws, bandits and violence, recommendations and requests for appointment to office, and the sale of state bonds. Correspondents are state officials, citizens recommending persons for appointed office or reporting problems in counties, and brokers interested in purchasing bonds.

Return to the Table of Contents


 

Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is by type of material, then chronological.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

None.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Hubbard, Richard Bennett, 1832-1901.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas Rangers.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Bonds--Texas.
Outlaws.
Brigands and robbers.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Relations--Mexico.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors --1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878).
Reports--Texas--Governors--1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878).
Claims--Texas--Governors--1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878).
Letterpress copybooks--Texas-Governors--1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878).

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm.
Texas Secretary of State, Governor's clemency proclamations, 1870, 1874-2002, 14.71 cubic ft. (originals), 165 reels of microfilm

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records, Texas Governor Richard Bennett Hubbard. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

No accession information for these records was located.

Processing Information

June 1984

Tonia J. Wood, December 1995

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Records, 1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878),
3.06 cubic ft.

Box Folder
301-98 1. Correspondence, April and October 1870
1. Claims, July 1874
2. Correspondence, April, May, August, September, December 1875
3. Correspondence, January, May, July, September, December 1876
4. Correspondence, November 1876
5. Correspondence, December 1876
6. Correspondence, January 1877
7. Correspondence, February 1877
8.-10. Correspondence, March 1877, and undated
11. Correspondence, April 1877
12. Correspondence, May 1877
13.-14. Correspondence, June 1877
15. Correspondence, July 1877
Box Folder
301-99 16.-17. Correspondence, August 1877
18.-20. Correspondence, September 1877
21.-24. Correspondence, October 1877
25. Correspondence, November 1877
26. Correspondence, December 1877
Box Folder
301-100 27. Correspondence, January 1878
28. Correspondence, February 1878
29.-30. Correspondence, March 1878
31. Correspondence, April 1878
32. Correspondence, May 1878
33. Correspondence, June 1878
34. Correspondence, July 1878
35. Correspondence, July 1878, and undated
36. Correspondence, August 1878
37. Correspondence, September 1878
38. Correspondence, October 1878
Box Folder
301-101 39. Correspondence, November 1878
40. Correspondence, December 1878
41. Correspondence, January 1879
42. Correspondence, January 1883
Letterpress, January 19, 1877-April 7, 1877
Letterpress, May 11, 1877-July 17, 1877
Box
301-102 Letterpress, March 24, 1877-May 11, 1877
Letterpress, July 17, 1877-September 24, 1877
Letterpress, September 24, 1877-December 8, 1877
Messages, 1879
Box
301-103 Letterpress, December 7, 1877-February 28, 1878
Letterpress, February 27, 1878-May 24, 1878
Letterpress, May 25, 1878-September 4, 1878
Box
301-104 Letterpress, September 4, 1878-December 27, 1878

Return to the Table of Contents