Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor Edmund J. Davis:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1869-1874



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1870-1874: Davis)
Title: Records
Dates: 1869-1874
Abstract: Types of records include correspondence, proclamations, messages to and from the Texas Senate and House of Representatives, telegrams, orders, petitions from citizens of various counties, wrappers, and letterpress books, dating from 1869 to 1874. Documents are records of E.J. Davis' tenure as governor of Texas during Reconstruction.
Quantity: 15.51 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Edmund Jackson Davis served as governor of Texas from January 8, 1870 to January 15, 1874. Florida native E.J. Davis was born on October 2, 1827. His family moved to Texas in 1848, settling in Galveston. After reading law in Corpus Christi, he served as customs inspector in Laredo (1850-1853), district attorney (1853-1856), and then district judge (1856-1861) at Brownsville. An anti-secessionist, he was defeated in a race for the Secession Convention of 1861. In 1862, Davis left the state to avoid conscription in the Confederate Army and organized a Union cavalry regiment. He was honorably discharged as a brigadier general when the Civil War ended. As a radical Republican, Davis took part in the Constitutional Conventions of 1866 and 1868-1869.

The 1869 gubernatorial election was one of the most turbulent and controversial in Texas history. Favoritism by the military for candidate Davis over A.J. Hamilton caused Governor E.M. Pease to resign September 30. General J.J. Reynolds ordered the drawing up of a new voter registration list, eliminating many of those who had qualified in 1867. Troops stationed at the polls probably prevented many Democrats from voting: only about half of the registered white voters actually cast a ballot, and many polling places were either not opened, or ordered closed. Irregularities were reported but never investigated, and official returns reported that Davis won by slightly more than 800 votes.

Appointed provisional governor on January 8, 1870 (about five weeks after the election and before the official outcome had been confirmed), Davis began a four-year term and was inaugurated on April 28, 1870. After the state legislature ratified the 14th and 15th Amendments, the civilian rule of the state officially replaced the military rule on March 30, 1870. The Constitution of 1869 had given the governor power to appoint more than 9,000 offices, impinging on the independence of local government and the will of the people. A taxpayers' convention met in September 1871, chaired by E.M. Pease, to protest high taxes, needless expenditures, and the legislature's cancellation of that year's regular elections. A special election was held in October, with Democratic victories for seats to the U.S. Congress. Democrats won a majority in the state legislature the next year, despite the presence of the state police at polling places. The legislature nearly impeached Governor Davis in 1873. The Texas Supreme Court in Ex Parte Rodriquez(the "semi-colon case" of December 1873) invalidated the election of 1873 in which Richard Coke had defeated Davis. Texans ignored this decision, and President U.S. Grant refused to intervene on Davis' behalf. Davis did not intend to leave office until April 1874, but he did so reluctantly in January, officially marking the end of Reconstruction in Texas. Davis was defeated in the 1880 gubernatorial race, and again in the 1882 congressional race. He died in Austin on February 7, 1883.


Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records include correspondence, proclamations, messages to and from the Texas Senate and House of Representatives, telegrams, orders, petitions from citizens of various counties, wrappers, and letterpress books, dating from 1869 to 1874. Documents are records of E.J. Davis' tenure as governor of Texas during Reconstruction. Letters relate to recommendations and requests for appointment to office, reports of crimes committed and requests for assistance in capturing criminals, recommendations and requests for pardons and paroles, and the physical and financial welfare of the railroads. Included are printed orders from the Headquarters of the Fifth Military District and correspondence with many state and local officials.


 

Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is by type of material, then chronological by month. Undated materials are filed at the end of each type. A small amount of correspondence dated 1870-1873 follows the proclamations.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

The letterpress volumes are extremely fragile and may not be photocopied.

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Davis, E. J. (Edmund Jackson), 1827-1883.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
United States. Army. Military District, 5th (Austin, Tex.)
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Reconstruction--Texas.
Railroads--Texas.
Crime--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1869--1874.
Proclamations--Texas--Governors--1869-1874.
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1869-1874.
Letterpress copybooks--Texas--Governors--1869-1874.
Telegrams--Texas--Governors--1869-1874.
Orders (military records)--Texas--Governors--1869-1874.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
There are several holdings indexed under Edmund J. Davis in the Manuscripts Card File in the Archives search room.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm.
Texas Secretary of State, Governor's clemency proclamations, 1870, 1874-2002, 14.71 cubic ft. (originals), 165 reels of microfilm

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records, Texas Governor Edmund J. Davis. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

No accession information for these records was located.

Processing Information

June 1984

Tonia J. Wood, December 1995


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Records, 1869-1874,
15.51 cubic ft.

Box Folder
301-60 1. Correspondence, July 1868, March 1869
2. Correspondence, April-May 1869
3. Correspondence, June 1869
4. Correspondence, August 1869
5. Correspondence, October-November 1869
6. Correspondence, December 1869
7. Correspondence, January 1-7, 1870
8. Correspondence, January 8-11, 1870
9. Correspondence, January 12-13, 1870
10. Correspondence, January 14-17, 1870
11. Correspondence, January 18, 1870
12. Correspondence, January 19-20, 1870
13. Correspondence, January 21-23, 1870
14. Correspondence, January 24, 1870
15. Correspondence, January 25-26, 1870
16. Correspondence, January 27, 1870
Box Folder
301-61 17. Correspondence, January 28-29, 1870
18. Correspondence, January 30-31, 1870
19. Correspondence, January, 1870
20. Correspondence, February 1, 1870
21. Correspondence, February 2-3, 1870
22. Correspondence, February 4-5, 1870
23. Correspondence, February 6-7, 1870
24. Correspondence, February 8, 1870
25. Correspondence, February 9, 1870
26. Correspondence, February 10-12, 1870
27. Correspondence, February 13-14, 1870
28. Correspondence, February 15-16, 1870
29. Correspondence, February 17-20, 1870
30. Correspondence, February 21-23, 1870
Box Folder
301-62 31. Correspondence, February 24-25, 1870
32. Correspondence, February 26-27, 1870
33. Correspondence, February 28, 1870
34. Correspondence, March 1-2, 1870
35. Correspondence, March 3-5, 1870
36. Correspondence, March 6-9, 1870
37. Correspondence, March 10-14, 1870
38. Correspondence, March 15-17, 1870
39. Correspondence, March 18, 1870
40. Correspondence, March 19, 1870
41. Correspondence, March 20-23, 1870
42. Correspondence, March 24-27, 1870
43. Correspondence, March 28-29, 1870
44. Correspondence, March 30-31, 1870
45. Correspondence, April 1-3, 1870
46. Correspondence, April 4-5, 1870
Box Folder
301-63 47. Correspondence, April 6-9, 1870
48. Correspondence, April 10-11, 1870
49. Correspondence, April 12, 1870
50. Correspondence, April 13-14, 1870
51. Correspondence, April 15-17, 1870
52. Correspondence, April 18, 1870
53. Correspondence, April 19, 1870
54. Correspondence, April 20, 1870
55. Correspondence, April 21-22, 1870
56. Correspondence, April 23-25, 1870
57. Correspondence, April 26-28, 1870
58. Correspondence, April 29-30, 1870
59. Correspondence, May 1-7, 1870
60. Correspondence, May 8-17, 1870
Box Folder
301-64 61. Correspondence, May 18-20, 1870
62. Correspondence, May 21-23, 1870
63. Correspondence, May 24-26, 1870
64. Correspondence, May 27-31, 1870
65. Correspondence, June 2-14, 1870
66. Correspondence, June 15-18, 1870
67. Correspondence, June 20-22, 1870
68. Correspondence, June 23-25, 1870
69. Correspondence, June 26-28, 1870
70. Correspondence, June 29-30, 1870
71. Correspondence, June 1870
72. Correspondence, July 1-2, 1870
73. Correspondence, July 3-5, 1870
Box Folder
301-65 74. Correspondence, July 6-7, 1870
75. Correspondence, July 8-9, 1870
76. Correspondence, July 10-12, 1870
77. Correspondence, July 13-14, 1870
78. Correspondence, July 15-16, 1870
79. Correspondence, July 17-18, 1870
80. Correspondence, July 19-20, 1870
81. Correspondence, July 21-22, 1870
82. Correspondence, July 23-24, 1870
83. Correspondence, July 25, 1870
84. Correspondence, July 26-29, 1870
85. Correspondence, July 29-31, 1870
Box Folder
301-66 86. Correspondence, August 1-2, 1870
87. Correspondence, August 3-4, 1870
88. Correspondence, August 5-6, 1870
89. Correspondence, August 7-9, 1870
90. Correspondence, August 10-11, 1870
91. Correspondence, August 12-13, 1870
92. Correspondence, August 14-15, 1870
93. Correspondence, August 16-17, 1870
94. Correspondence, August 18-20, 1870
95. Correspondence, August 21-23, 1870
96. Correspondence, August 24-26, 1870
97. Correspondence, August 27-28, 1870
98. Correspondence, August 29-30, 1870
Box Folder
301-67 99. Correspondence, August 31, 1870
100. Correspondence, August 1870
101. Correspondence, September 1-2, 1870
102. Correspondence, September 3-4, 1870
103. Correspondence, September 5-6, 1870
104. Correspondence, September 7-9, 1870
105. Correspondence, September 10-12, 1870
106. Correspondence, September 13-14, 1870
107. Correspondence, September 15, 1870
108. Correspondence, September 16-17, 1870
109. Correspondence, September 18-21, 1870
110. Correspondence, September 22-23, 1870
111. Correspondence, September 24-26, 1870
112. Correspondence, September 27, 1870
113. Correspondence, September 28-29, 1870
Box Folder
301-68 114. Correspondence, September 30-31, 1870
115. Correspondence, September 1870
116. Correspondence, October 1-2, 1870
117. Correspondence, October 3-5, 1870
118. Correspondence, October 6-9, 1870
119. Correspondence, October 10, 1870
120. Correspondence, October 11-12, 1870
121. Correspondence, October 13-15, 1870
122. Correspondence, October 16-18, 1870
123. Correspondence, October 19-20, 1870
124. Correspondence, October 21-23, 1870
125. Correspondence, October 24, 1870
126. Correspondence, October 25-26, 1870
127. Correspondence, October 27-29, 1870
128. Correspondence, October 30-31, 1870
129. Correspondence, November 1-2, 1870
130. Correspondence, November 3-4, 1870
131. Correspondence, November 5-7, 1870
Box Folder
301-69 132. Correspondence, November 8, 1870
133. Correspondence, November 9-10, 1870
134. Correspondence, November 11-14, 1870
135. Correspondence, November 15-19, 1870
136. Correspondence, November 21, 1870
137. Correspondence, November 22-24, 1870
138. Correspondence, November 25-27, 1870
139. Correspondence, November 28-30, 1870
140. Correspondence, November 1870
141. Correspondence, December 1-2, 1870
142. Correspondence, December 3-5, 1870
143. Correspondence, December 6, 1870
144. Correspondence, December 7-11, 1870
145. Correspondence, December 12-14, 1870
146. Correspondence, December 15-17, 1870
147. Correspondence, December 18-21, 1870
148. Correspondence, December 22-23, 1870
Box Folder
301-70 149. Correspondence, December 24-26, 1870
150. Correspondence, December 27-28, 1870
151. Correspondence, December 29-31, 1870
152. Correspondence, December 1870
153. Correspondence, undated, 1870
154. Correspondence, January 1-3, 1871
155. Correspondence, January 4-8, 1871
156. Correspondence, January 9-10, 1871
157. Correspondence, January 11-12, 1871
158. Correspondence, January 13-16, 1871
159. Correspondence, January 17-19, 1871
160. Correspondence, January 20-21, 1871
161. Correspondence, January 22-24, 1871
162. Correspondence, January 25-26, 1871
163. Correspondence, January 27-28, 1871
164. Correspondence, January 29, 1871
165. Correspondence, January 30-31, 1871
Box Folder
301-71 166. Correspondence, January 1871
167. Correspondence, February 1-2, 1871
168. Correspondence, February 3-5, 1871
169. Correspondence, February 6-8, 1871
170. Correspondence, February 9-11, 1871
171. Correspondence, February 12-14, 1871
172. Correspondence, February 15, 1871
173. Correspondence, February 16-18, 1871
174. Correspondence, February 19-21, 1871
175. Correspondence, February 22-24, 1871
176. Correspondence, February 25-28, 1871
177. Correspondence, February 1871
178. Correspondence, March 1-21, 1871
Box Folder
301-72 179. Correspondence, March 22-31, 1871
180. Correspondence, April 1-7, 1871
181. Correspondence, April 8-12, 1871
182. Correspondence, April 13-18, 1871
183. Correspondence, April 19-25, 1871
184. Correspondence, April 26-30, 1871
185. Correspondence, May 1-5, 1871
Box Folder
301-73 186. Correspondence, May 6-10, 1871
187. Correspondence, May 11-13, 1871
188. Correspondence, May 14-20, 1871
189. Correspondence, May 21-26, 1871
190. Correspondence, May 27-31, 1871
191. Correspondence, June 1-7, 1871
192. Correspondence, June 8-13, 1871
193. Correspondence, June 14-18, 1871
Box Folder
301-74 194. Correspondence, June 19-25, 1871
195. Correspondence, June 26-30, 1871
196. Correspondence, July 1-5, 1871
197. Correspondence, July 6-10, 1871
198. Correspondence, July 11-15, 1871
199. Correspondence, July 16-21, 1871
200. Correspondence, July 22-25, 1871
201. Correspondence, July 26-31, 1871
Box Folder
301-75 202. Correspondence, August 1-4, 1871
203. Correspondence, August 5-10, 1871
204. Correspondence, August 11-25, 1871
205. Correspondence, August 26-31, 1871
206. Correspondence, September 1-5, 1871
207. Correspondence, September 6-11, 1871
208. Correspondence, September 12-13, 1871
209. Correspondence, September 14-16, 1871
210. Correspondence, September 17-22, 1871
Box Folder
301-76 211. Correspondence, September 24-27, 1871
212. Correspondence, September 28-30, 1871
213. Correspondence, October 1-6, 1871
214. Correspondence, October 7-10, 1871
215. Correspondence, October 11-17, 1871
216. Correspondence, October 18-23, 1871
217. Correspondence, October 24-27, 1871
218. Correspondence, October 28-31, 1871
219. Correspondence, November 1-3, 1871
Box Folder
301-77 220. Correspondence, November 4-7, 1871
221. Correspondence, November 8-11, 1871
222. Correspondence, November 12-15, 1871
223. Correspondence, November 16-20, 1871
224. Correspondence, November 21-24, 1871
225. Correspondence, November 25-30, 1871
226. Correspondence, December 1-6, 1871
227. Correspondence, December 7-10, 1871
228. Correspondence, December 11-16, 1871
Box Folder
301-78 229. Correspondence, December 17-23, 1871
230. Correspondence, December 24-31, 1871
231. Correspondence, January 1-4, 1872
232. Correspondence, January 5-31, 1872
233. Correspondence, February 1-29, 1872
234. Correspondence, March 3-9, 1872
235. Correspondence, March 10-12, 1872
236. Correspondence, March 13-22, 1872
Box Folder
301-79 237. Correspondence, March 23-26, 1872
238. Correspondence, March 27-31, 1872
239. Correspondence, April 1-5, 1872
240. Correspondence, April 6-10, 1872
241. Correspondence, April 11-15, 1872
242. Correspondence, April 16-19, 1872
243. Correspondence, April 20-23, 1872
244. Correspondence, April 24-31, 1872
245. Correspondence, May 1-8, 1872
Box Folder
301-80 246. Correspondence, May 9-17, 1872
247. Correspondence, May 18-30, 1872
248. Correspondence, June 1-12, 1872
249. Correspondence, June 13-29, 1872
250. Correspondence, July 1-11, 1872
251. Correspondence, July 13-18, 1872
252. Correspondence, July 19-23, 1872
253. Correspondence, July 24-31, 1872
Box Folder
301-81 254. Correspondence, August 1-12, 1872
255. Correspondence, August 13-18, 1872
256. Correspondence, August 19-25, 1872
257. Correspondence, August 26-31, 1872
258. Correspondence, September 1-12, 1872
259. Correspondence, September 13-23, 1872
260. Correspondence, September 24-30, 1872
261. Correspondence, October 1-8, 1872
Box Folder
301-82 262. Correspondence, October 8-10, 1872
263. Correspondence, October 11-18, 1872
264. Correspondence, October 19-31, 1872
265. Correspondence, November 1-9, 1872
266. Correspondence, November 10-15, 1872
267. Correspondence, November 16-17, 1872
268. Correspondence, November 18-22, 1872
269. Correspondence, November 23-30, 1872
270. Correspondence, December 1-8, 1872
271. Correspondence, December 9-19, 1872
Box Folder
301-83 272. Correspondence, December 20-31, 1872
273. Correspondence, January 1-10, 1873
274. Correspondence, January 11-19, 1873
275. Correspondence, January 20-31, 1873
276. Correspondence, February 1-10, 1873
277. Correspondence, February 11-17, 1873
278. Correspondence, February 18-22, 1873
279. Correspondence, February 24-29, 1873
280. Correspondence, March 1-6, 1873
281. Correspondence, March 7-10, 1873
Box Folder
301-84 282. Correspondence, March 11-12, 1873
283. Correspondence, March 13-15, 1873
284. Correspondence, March 16-19, 1873
285. Correspondence, March 20-23, 1873
286. Correspondence, March 24-26, 1873
287. Correspondence, March 27-31, 1873
288. Correspondence, March 1873
289. Correspondence, April 1-2, 1873
290. Correspondence, April 3-6, 1873
291. Correspondence, April 7-10, 1873
292. Correspondence, April 11-15, 1873
293. Correspondence, April 16-19, 1873
294. Correspondence, April 20-22, 1873
295. Correspondence, April 23-27, 1873
Box Folder
301-85 296. Correspondence, April 28-30, 1873
297. Correspondence, April 1873
298. Correspondence, May 1-3, 1873
299. Correspondence, May 4-7, 1873
300. Correspondence, May 8-10, 1873
301. Correspondence, May 12-14, 1873
302. Correspondence, May 15-17, 1873
303. Correspondence, May 18-21, 1873
304. Correspondence, May 22-24, 1873
305. Correspondence, May 25-27, 1873
306. Correspondence, May 28-29, 1873
307. Correspondence, May 30-31, 1873
308. Correspondence, May 1873
309. Correspondence, June 1-3, 1873
Box Folder
301-86 310. Correspondence, June 4-6, 1973
311. Correspondence, June 7-12, 1873
312. Correspondence, June 13-19, 1873
313. Correspondence, June 20-30, 1873
314. Correspondence, July 1-16, 1873
315. Correspondence, July 17-31, 1873
316. Correspondence, August 1, 1873
317. Correspondence, August 4-7, 1873
318. Correspondence, August 8-11, 1873
319. Correspondence, August 12, 1873
320. Correspondence, August 13-19, 1873
321. Correspondence, August 21-25, 1873
Box Folder
301-87 322. Correspondence, August 26-27, 1873
323. Correspondence, August 27-31, 1873
324. Correspondence, August 1873
325. Correspondence, September 1-11, 1873
326. Correspondence, September 12-30, 1873
327. Correspondence, October 1-24, 1873
328. Correspondence, October 25-31, 1873
329. Correspondence, November 1-26, 1873
330. Correspondence, November 27-30, 1873
331. Correspondence, December 1-11, 1873
Box Folder
301-88 332. Correspondence, December 12-23, 1873
333. Correspondence, December 24-30, 1873
334. Correspondence, January 1-10, February 16, 18, 1874
335. Correspondence, undated
336. Correspondence, undated
337. Correspondence, undated
338. Correspondence, undated
339. Correspondence, undated
340. Correspondence, undated
341. Correspondence, undated
342. Correspondence, one undated letter, one dated 1880
343. Correspondence, undated
344. Proclamations, 1854-1876
345. Proclamations, 1869-1872
Box Folder
301-89 346. Correspondence, April 30, 1870 and May 1870
347. Correspondence, July 2-9, 1870
348. Correspondence, July 11-27, 1870
349. Correspondence, August 2-5, 1870
350. Correspondence, January 1871
351. Correspondence, January-February 1871
352. Correspondence, April, September, October, November 1871
353. Correspondence, April 1872
354. Correspondence, February-June 1873
355. Messages, undated
Letterpress, outgoing, December 6, 1870-January 2, 1871
Letterpress, outgoing, January 3, 1871-March 16, 1871
Box
301-90 Letterpress, outgoing, March 16-July 10, 1871
Letterpress, outgoing, July 10, 1871-November 17, 1871
Letterpress, outgoing, November 15, 1871-May 20, 1872
Box
301-91 Letterpress, outgoing, May 24, 1872-November 11, 1872
Letterpress, outgoing, November 12, 1872-April 4, 1873
Letterpress, outgoing, April 4, 1873-September 8, 1873
Box
301-92 Letterpress, outgoing, March 8, 1872-September 4, 1873
Telegrams, Davis-Coke, October 31, 1873-April 25, 1875
Letterpress, Davis-Coke, September, 1873-August, 1874