Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor Elisha Marshall Pease:

An Inventory of Records of the Third Term at the Texas State Archives, 1865-1869



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1867-1869 : Pease)
Title: Records of the third term
Dates: 1865-1869
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, including letters, petitions, telegrams, reports, lists, and letterpress books, dating from September 1865 to September 1869, from Elisha M. Pease's third term as governor of Texas. A large portion of the correspondence consists of letters, telegrams, and reports sent to military officials in Texas, particularly Generals Griffin and Reynolds, which were then forwarded to the governor's office.
Quantity: 1.88 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Elisha M. Pease served his third term as governor of Texas from August 8, 1867 to September 30, 1869. For biographical information through his first two terms in office, see the finding aid for his earlier terms. As a Unionist, Pease spent 1858 through 1866 in semi-retirement from public life, refraining even from practicing law during the Civil War. After attending the Convention of Southern Loyalists at Philadelphia, Pease ran for governor in 1866 as the candidate of the Union Party, but lost to James Throckmorton. When General Philip Sheridan removed Throckmorton, he appointed Pease as provisional governor. Sheridan's successor, General Winfield Scott Hancock did not provide the full military support Pease needed (since he ruled by order of Congress and the Army and against the will of the people) to impose a provisional government on Texas, with the result that civilian control waned. Pease urged the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869 to accept radical reconstruction so that Texas could normalize relations with the Union as soon as possible. Pease supported A.J. Hamilton in the gubernatorial race of 1869, but when General J.J. Reynolds interfered to secure the election of E.J. Davis, Pease resigned on September 30. In 1870, Pease joined A.J. Hamilton and James Throckmorton in protesting the conduct of the Davis administration; in 1871 he helped lead a taxpayers' revolt; and in 1872 he helped gain amnesty for disenfranchised Democrats. Pease accepted a post as collector of the Port of Galveston in 1879. He died in Lampasas on August 26, 1883.


Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, including letters, petitions, telegrams, reports, lists, and letterpress books, dating from September 1865 to September 1869, from Elisha M. Pease's third term as governor of Texas. A large portion of the correspondence consists of letters, telegrams, and reports sent to military officials in Texas, particularly Generals Griffin and Reynolds, which were then forwarded to the governor's office. Some of the general topics include recommendations and applications for appointments to office, requests for removals of non-Union officials, lists of loyal men qualified for office, violence, Indian depredations, illegal activities, and letters relating to the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869. The majority of the loose records consists of incoming letters, with approximately twenty letters sent by Pease. Copies of outgoing letters exist in the two letterpress books.


 

Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is chronological; letters having no specific day date have been placed at the end of the month. Undated letters are located at the end of the correspondence. Military communications were originally filed by the date written and not the date on which they were referred to Governor Pease. That order has been maintained. Some proclamations are filed after the correspondence files; letterpress books follow the proclamations.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

The letterpress volumes are extremely fragile and may not be photocopied.

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Pease, Elisha Marshall, 1812-1883.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas. Constitutional Convention (1868-1869)
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Indians of North America--Texas--Wars.
Reconstruction--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.
Telegrams--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.
Reports--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.
Lists--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.
Letterpress copybooks--Texas--Governors--1865-1869.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
There are several holdings indexed under Elisha Marshall Pease in the Manuscripts Card File in the Archives search room.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of the first two terms of Elisha Marshall Pease, 1853-1857, 1.88 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records of the third term, Texas Governor Elisha Marshall Pease. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Most of these records have no accession information.

Processing Information

June 1984

Tonia J. Wood, November 1995


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Records of the third term, 1865-1869,
1.88 cubic ft.

Box Folder
301-56 1. September 1865, October-December 1866
2. April 1867
3. May 17, 1867
4. July 1867
5. August 1-10, 1867
6. August 11-15, 1867
7. August 16-20, 1867
8. August 21-25, 1867
9. August 26-31, 1867
10. September 1-5, 1867
11. September 6-10, 1867
12. September 11-15, 1867
13. September 16-20, 1867
14. September 21-25, 1867
15. September 26-30, 1867
16. October 1-5, 1867
17. October 6-10, 1867
18. October 11-20, 1867
19. October 21-25, 1867
20. October 26-31, 1867
21. November 1-10, 1867
22. November 11-20, 1867
Box Folder
301-57 23. November 21-25, 1867
24. November 26-30, 1867
25. December 1-10, 1867
26. December 11-15, 1867
27. December 16-25, 1867
28. December 26-31, 1867
29. January 1-15, 1868
30. January 16-31, 1868
31. February 1868
32. March 1-20, 1868
33. March 21-31, 1868
34. April 1-15, 1868
35. April 16-20, 1868
36. April 21-30, 1868
37. May 1-15, 1868
38. May 16-31, 1868
39. June 1-15, 1868
Box Folder
301-58 40. June 16-31, 1868
41. July 1-15, 1868
42. July 16-31, 1868
43. August 1-15, 1868
44. August 16-31, 1868
45. September 1-5, 1868
46. September 6-15, 1868
47. September 16-30, 1868
48. October 1-15, 1868
49. October 16-31, 1868
50. November 1-15, 1868
51. November 16-30, 1868
52. December 1-15, 1868
53. December 16-31, 1868
54. January 1-20, 1869
55. January 21-31, 1869
56. February 1-15, 1869
Box Folder
301-59 57. February 16-28, 1869
58. March 1-15, 1869
59. March 16-31, 1869
60. April 1-15, 1869
61. April 16-30, 1869
62. May 1-15, 1869
63. May 16-31, 1869
64. June 1869
65. July 1869
66. August 1869
67. September 1869
68. Undated
69. Undated
70. Thanksgiving proclamations, October-November 1868
Letterpress books:
Box
301-59 June-November 1868
November 1868-September 1869