Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor James W. Throckmorton:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1866-1867



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1866-1867 : Throckmorton)
Title: Records
Dates: 1866-1867
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, petitions, and lists, dating from October 1866 to December 1867. Records are of Governor James Throckmorton's term in office. Although the majority of the records are incoming letters, several outgoing letters are found. Much of the confusion that accompanied the imposition of military rule in reconstructing Texas in March 1867 is reflected in the correspondence.
Quantity: 1.18 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

James Webb Throckmorton served as governor of Texas from August 9, 1866 to August 8, 1867. The son of a physician, James Throckmorton was born in Tennessee in 1825; as a boy he moved to Arkansas in 1836, then to Fannin County, Texas in 1841, and again to Collin County. In 1844, he left the Rangers to study medicine in Kentucky with his uncle. He served as an army surgeon in the Mexican War, but received a medical discharge. Disliking the practice of medicine, he turned to law and politics. After five years each as a state representative and state senator, he was elected a delegate to the Secession Convention of 1861, where he was one of seven who voted against secession. Although a Unionist, he joined the Confederate army when war came, and was eventually brigadier general in charge of troops guarding the Texas frontier, and Confederate commissioner to the Indians.

After serving as president of the Constitutional Convention of 1866, Throckmorton defeated E.M. Pease in the race for governor, taking office in August 1866. When presidential reconstruction gave way to congressional reconstruction in March 1867, Throckmorton and the U.S. military differed: he disagreed with their deployment of troops in the interior rather than on the frontier; and they accused him of failing to punish crimes against blacks and Unionists. In July General Philip Sheridan removed Throckmorton from the governorship as "an impediment to reconstruction." E.M. Pease was appointed in his place. After fighting against radicalism in the early 1870s, Throckmorton was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1874-1888), where he argued among other things for government encouragement of and government regulation of railroads. He ran for governor twice more, in 1878 and 1890, before he died in McKinney on April 21, 1894.


Scope and Contents

Types of records are correspondence, petitions, and lists, dating from October 1866 to December 1867. Records are of Governor James Throckmorton's term in office. Although the majority of the records are incoming letters, several outgoing letters are found. Much of the confusion that accompanied the imposition of military rule in reconstructing Texas in March 1867 is reflected in the correspondence. Letters directly to Throckmorton from military authorities exist in abundance, as well as copies of military correspondence forwarded to the governor's office. Letters of Generals Sheridan, Griffin, and Kiddoo concerning the activities of federal troops and the Freedmen's Bureau constitute a large portion of the materials. Other topics deal with applications and recommendations for appointments to office, requests for military protection against Indian depredations, reports of violence, requests to raise companies for frontier protection, letters relating to the physical and financial condition of railroads and reports of vacancies in county offices.


 

Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is chronological; letters with no specific day dates have been placed at the end of the month. Undated letters are located at the end of the correspondence.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Reconstruction--Texas.
Indians of North America--Texas--Wars.
Railroads--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Texas--Frontier troubles.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1866-1867.
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1866-1867.
Lists--Texas--Governors--1866-1867.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Special pardons, 1865-1867 (bulk 1865), 2.82 cubic ft.
James W. Throckmorton Papers, 1857-1940 (bulk 1857-1897), 0.24 cubic ft.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
James Webb Throckmorton Papers, 1838-1888, 1 ft., 4 in.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records, Texas Governor James W. Throckmorton. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Most of these records have no accession information.

Processing Information

June 1984

Tonia J. Wood, November 1995


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Records, 1866-1867
1.18 cubic ft.

Correspondence:
Box Folder
301-53 1. October 1-10, 1866
2. October 11-20, 1866
3. October 21-31, 1866
4. November, 1866
5. December, 1866
6. June, 1866
7. July, 1866
8. August 1-10, 1866
9. August 11-20, 1866
10. August 21-31, 1866
Box Folder
301-54 11. September 1-10, 1866
12. September 11-20, 1866
13. September 21-30, 1866
14. January 1-15, 1867
15. January 16-31, 1867
16. February 1-14, 1867
17. February 15-28, 1867
18. March 1-15, 1867
19. March 16-31, 1867
20. April, 1867
21. May 1-15, 1867
Box Folder
301-55 22. May 16-20, 1867
23. May 21-30, 1867
24. June 1-15, 1867
25. June 16-30, 1867
26. July, 1867
27. August-October 1867
28. November-December 1867
29. Undated