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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Records, 1865-1866,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Governor Andrew Jackson Hamilton:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1865-1866



Overview

Creator: Texas. Governor (1865-1866 : Hamilton)
Title: Records
Dates: 1865-1866
Abstract: Types of records are correspondence, petitions, and telegrams, dating from May 1865 to November 1866. Records are of Andrew Jackson Hamilton's term as governor of Texas. Letters relate to the aftermath of the Civil War, the beginning of Reconstruction, and the Constitutional Convention of 1866.
Quantity: 2.35 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Andrew Jackson Hamilton served as governor of Texas from June 17, 1865 to August 9, 1866. Hamilton was born on January 28, 1815 in Alabama. He left there in 1846 to practice law in La Grange, Texas. Governor P. Hansbrough Bell appointed "Colossal Jack" Hamilton attorney general in 1849, and he was elected state representative from Travis County in 1851 and 1853. After briefly considering the Know-Nothing party, Hamilton was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1859 as an Independent. He retained his seat after other Southern congressmen had withdrawn. In 1861 Hays, Travis, and Bastrop counties elected him to the state senate, but Hamilton refused to take the oath to the Confederacy and left the state in 1862. President Abraham Lincoln named him military governor of Texas, with headquarters at federally-occupied New Orleans and Brownsville.

In 1865, President Andrew Johnson confirmed Hamilton as provisional governor. Among the problems faced were Indian incursions, general lawlessness, chaotic finances, and the huge number of freedmen, emancipated since June 19, whom he advised to work hard and acquire property. He criticized the Constitutional Convention, which met in early 1866, for its reluctance to grant black suffrage. Hamilton chose not to run for governor in the 1866 election, but supported E.M. Pease, who lost to James Throckmorton. Hamilton did not finish his term, but turned the governor's office over to the secretary of state while he went to Philadelphia to fight President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction. After General Philip Sheridan removed Governor Throckmorton and the Texas Supreme Court, General J.J. Reynolds named Hamilton to the state supreme court. In the Constitutional Convention of 1868-1869, and again in the gubernatorial election of 1869, A.J. Hamilton ran against the leader of the Radical Republicans, E.J. Davis. Hamilton had alienated General Reynolds, who threw his support to Davis, who won by a narrow margin. In 1871 Hamilton participated in the anti-Davis Non-Partisan Taxpayers' Convention. He died in Austin on April 11, 1875.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

Types of records are correspondence, petitions, and telegrams, dating from May 1865 to November 1866. Records are of Andrew Jackson Hamilton's term as governor of Texas. Letters relate to the aftermath of the Civil War, the beginning of Reconstruction, and the Constitutional Convention of 1866. Included with the general letters of inquiry are numerous applications and recommendations for appointments to offices, requests for removals from office, inquiries concerning amnesty, petitions for special pardons, reports of conditions in various counties, letters relating to the sale and seizure of cotton, and inquiries concerning the rights of freedmen.

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Arrangement of the Records

Arrangement is chronological; letters having no specific day date have been placed at the end of the month. Undated letters are located at the end of the correspondence.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1875.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas. Constitutional Convention (1866)
Subjects:
Governors--Texas.
Reconstruction--Texas.
Freedmen--Texas.
Cotton trade--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Governors--1865-1866.
Petitions--Texas--Governors--1865-1866.
Telegrams--Texas--Governors--1865-1866.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 14 reels of microfilm.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Special pardons, 1865-1867 (bulk 1865), 2.82 cubic ft.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Records, Texas Governor Andrew Jackson Hamilton. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Most of these records have no accession information.

Processing Information

June 1984

Tonia J. Wood, November 1995

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Records, 1865-1866,
2.35 cubic ft.

Correspondence:
Box Folder
301-48 1. May 1865
2. June 1865
3. July 1-21, 1865
4. July 21-25, 1865
5. July 26-28, 1865
6. July 29-31, 1865
7. August 1-4, 1865
8. August 5-7, 1865
9. August 8-9, 1865
10. August 10-11, 1865
11. August 12-14, 1865
Box Folder
301-49 12. August 15, 1865
13. August 16-18, 1865
14. August 19-21, 1865
15. August 22-24, 1865
16. August 25-28, 1865
17. August 29-31, 1865
18. August 1865
19. September 1-5, 1865
20. September 6-10, 1865
Box Folder
301-50 21. September 11-15, 1865
22. September 16-20, 1865
23. September 21-25, 1865
24. September 26-30, 1865
25. October 1-5, 1865
26. October 6-10, 1865
27. October 11-15, 1865
28. October 16-20, 1865
29. October 21-25, 1865
30. October 26-31, 1865
Box Folder
301-51 31. October, 1865
32. November 1-5, 1865
33. November 6-10, 1865
34. November 11-15, 1865
35. November 16-20, 1865
36. November 21-25, 1865
37. November 26-30, 1865
38. November, 1865
39. December 1-10, 1865
40. December 11-20, 1865
41. December 21-30, 1865
42. January 1-10, 1866
43. January 11-20, 1866
Box Folder
301-52 44. January 21-31, 1866
45. February 1-15, 1866
46. February 16-28, 1866
47. March 1-15, 1866
48. March 16-31, 1866
49. April 1-15, 1866
50. April 16-30, 1866
51. May 1-31, 1866
52. June 1-30, 1866
53. July 1866
54. August 1866
55. October 1866
56. November 1866
57. Undated
58. Undated

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