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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents of the Papers

Organization of the Papers

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Chronological correspondence files, 1905, 1921-1923, 1925-1941, undated,

Topical files, 1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865, 1878, 1886, 1895, 1913, 1923-1942, 1945, 1950-1951, 1954-1955, 1957, 1961-1962, undated,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Andrew Jackson Houston:

An Inventory of Andrew Jackson Houston Papers at the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Archives, 1825-1962, undated, bulk 1921-1942



Overview

Creator: Houston, Andrew Jackson, 1854-1941.
Title: Andrew Jackson Houston papers
Dates: 1825-1962, undated
Dates: bulk 1921-1942
Abstract: Andrew Jackson (or A.J.) Houston, second son of Sam and Margaret (Lea) Houston, was a lawyer, politician, public servant, writer, and (briefly) U.S. Senator. This collection consists primarily of correspondence, publications, speeches, poetry, maps, newspaper clippings, and notes, dated 1825-1962, undated, bulk 1921-1942. (Except for the bulk dates, these dates are not inclusive.)
Quantity: 1 cubic ft.
Location: Please note that these records are housed at the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, P.O. Box 310, Liberty, Texas 77575, 936-336-8821.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with scattered Spanish throughout.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch

Andrew Jackson (or A.J.) Houston, second son of Sam and Margaret (Lea) Houston, was born at Independence, Texas, on June 21, 1854. His education was at Baylor University common school, the Bastrop Military Academy, Texas Military Institute at Austin, Old Salado College, and the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He practiced law in Tyler (1876-1879), Dallas (1889-1901) and Beaumont (1901-1902); was a clerk of the U.S. district court at Dallas (1879-1889); a U.S. marshal for the eastern district of Texas at Beaumont (1902-1910); a colonel in the Texas Volunteer Guard (1884-1893); and professor of military science at St. Mary's University (1917-1918). He was a Prohibition Party candidate for Texas governor in 1910 and 1912. Governor Pat Neff appointed him superintendent of the State park at the San Jacinto Battleground (1924-1941). In 1938 he published Texas Independence, a book about his father's role in the Texas Revolution. He had inherited a large collection of documents from his father, and maintained it until his death in 1941. He died in Washington D.C. on June 26, 1941, two months after his appointment to the U.S. Senate; Houston's body was returned to Texas and buried at the State Cemetery in Austin. Two daughters survived him, Ariadne Houston and Marguerite Houston.

(Sources include: George N. Green's article in the Online Handbook of Texas, at http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho69 and Andrew Jackson Houston, memorial addresses delivered in Congress, 1944.)

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

Andrew Jackson Houston, second son of Sam and Margaret (Lea) Houston, was a lawyer, politician, public servant, writer, and (briefly) U.S. Senator. This collection consists primarily of correspondence, publications, speeches, poetry, maps, newspaper clippings, and notes, dated 1825-1962, undated, bulk 1921-1942. (Except for the bulk dates, these dates are not inclusive.) The correspondence is to (and occasionally from) Andrew Jackson Houston, and correspondents include historians, librarians, other scholars, various officeholders (including governors and legislators), organizations (like the Sons of the Republic of Texas), and private citizens. Correspondence dating 1950-1962 is primarily to A.J. Houston's daughters Ariadne and Marguerite. Subjects covered include A.J. Houston's historical research, artifacts, publishing, speaking engagements (invitations and thank yous), his appointment to the U.S. Senate, and personal matters.

The early 19th-century documents (1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865), all in one folder, appear to be strays from his personal collection of documents, perhaps originally from the Andrew Jackson Houston Collection of his father's correspondence (now at the Texas State Archives in Austin).

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.

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Organization of the Papers

The collection is organized into two groups:
Chronological correspondence files, 1905, 1921-1923, 1925-1941, undated, 0.5 cubic ft.
Topical files, 1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865, 1878, 1886, 1895, 1913, 1923-1942, 1945, 1950-1951, 1954-1955, 1957, 1961-1962, undated, 0.5 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center reading room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Law of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected at a minimum through December 31, 2002 or 70 years after the author's death. The term of copyright for published materials varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Most of these items have been damaged by fire and/or water, and are very fragile. Researchers must exercise care with their use.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Houston, Ariadne
Houston, Marguerite
Corporate Names:
United States. Congress. Senate
Places:
Texas--History--1846-1950.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--1825-1962.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
[Note: This manuscript collection was maintained by Andrew Jackson Houston, but does not directly concern him.]
Andrew Jackson Houston collection, 1812-1941, undated, bulk 1835-1859, 31.41 cubic ft.
Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center
Andrew Jackson Houston collection, 1848, 1856, 1941, 1943-1944, 1961, 1964, 1973, 0.25 cubic ft.
Publications
Houston, Andrew Jackson, Texas Independence, Houston: Anson Jones Press, 1938.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Andrew Jackson Houston papers. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2014.006

These records were transferred to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by unknown persons on an unknown date.

Processing Information

Finding aid encoded by Tony Black in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project, February 2013

Corrections and further coding to DACS standards by Tony Black, November 2013

Appraisal Information

These records were appraised as archival by Tony Black in an informal report on November 12, 2013.

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Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Chronological correspondence files, 1905, 1921-1923, 1925-1941, undated,
0.5 cubic ft.

Box
2014.006-1 Correspondence, 1905
Correspondence, 1921
Correspondence and publication, 1922
Correspondence, 1923
Correspondence, 1925
Correspondence, 1926
Correspondence, 1927
Correspondence, 1928
Correspondence, 1929
Correspondence, 1930
Correspondence, 1931
Correspondence, 1932
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1933
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1934
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1935
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1936
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1937
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1938
[3 folders]
Correspondence, 1939
[2 folders]
Correspondence with Mrs. Synnott re: genealogy, 1939
Correspondence, 1940
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1941
[5 folders]
Box
2014.006-2 Partial letters, undated
[6 folders]

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Topical files, 1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865, 1878, 1886, 1895, 1913, 1923-1942, 1945, 1950-1951, 1954-1955, 1957, 1961-1962, undated,
0.5 cubic ft.

Box
2014.006-2 Correspondence, 19th century, 1878, 1895
Governor W. Lee O'Daniel speech--San Jacinto battleground, 1941
Memorial addresses, 1941-1942
Memorial services, 1942
[2 folders]
Correspondence, 1950s
Correspondence, 1961
Correspondence with Lan, 1923-1939, undated
Speeches, undated
Poetry, undated
Maps, undated
A.J. Houston as U.S. Senator, 1941, undated
Bills, resolutions, 1941
The San Jacinto campaign, 1925, 1937
A.J. Houston drawings, undated
[2 folders]
Sam Houston family data, undated
Notes re: Houston biography, undated
Notes on Sam Houston's life, undated
Sam Houston documents, 1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865, undated
[most originals]
Sam Houston home, 1935, 1953, undated
Correspondence with Harriet Smith, others re: Sam Houston home, 1930
Newspaper clippings, 1925-1962, undated
[6 folders]
Centennial celebration, 1936
[2 folders]
Documents relating to the Texas Revolution, undated
Texas Revolution battle sites and monuments, 1934, 1938-1939, undated
Alamo, 1913, undated
Notes on Texas history, undated
Naval history of the Civil War, by David D. Porter, 1886
Publications, 1935-1945, undated
Congressional Record, June 11, 1941
Congressional Record, May 12, 1941

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