Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Andrew Jackson Houston:

An Inventory of the Andrew Jackson Houston Collection at the Texas State Archives, 1812-1941, undated, bulk 1835-1859



Overview

Title: Andrew Jackson Houston collection
Dates: 1812-1941, undated
Dates: bulk 1835-1859
Abstract: Sam Houston was Governor of Tennessee, Commanding General of the Texian Army during the Texas Revolution, twice President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator from Texas and Governor of Texas. Sam Houston's second son Andrew Jackson Houston inherited this collection of documents from his father and maintained it until his death in 1941. This manuscript collection contains correspondence, reports, resolutions, proclamations, affidavits, depositions and other court documents, broadsides, speeches, invitations, receipts, drawings, and maps, dating 1812-1941, and undated, bulk 1835-1859. There are approximately 4,866 items; about 76 percent of the letters are either to or from Sam Houston. An enormous variety of topics appear throughout the Texas career of Sam Houston as General, President, U.S. Senator and Governor, including the Texas Revolution (especially the military aspects), Texas politics during the Republic era and the pre-Civil War period of statehood, annexation, secession, Indians, land, claims, financial affairs, appointments, introductions, and friendship, to name a few.
Quantity: 31.41 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with scattered Spanish, French, and German throughout.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Biographical Sketch: Sam Houston

Sam Houston was born in Virginia on March 2, 1793, moved to Tennessee in his early teens, and lived almost three years with the Cherokee Indians in his late teens. He was wounded in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), gaining the admiration of Andrew Jackson. His legal and political career began in 1818: he was elected district attorney of Nashville, adjutant general, congressman, and finally governor of Tennessee. In 1829 marital difficulties probably moved Houston to resign the governorship and leave the state. He spent the next six years in diplomatic and business ventures, especially among the Cherokee.

Although he represented Nacogdoches, Texas in the Convention of 1833, he was not a permanent resident of Texas until 1835. Houston was a delegate to the Consultation in 1835 and was elected major general of the Texas army by the General Council. As delegate from Refugio, he was a leading figure at the Convention of 1836, which then named him commander-in-chief of the Texas Army. After leading the victory at San Jacinto, he was elected second president of the Republic of Texas. He was representative from San Augustine County in the 4th and 5th Congresses before being elected president once again in 1841. After annexation, he served in the U.S. Senate (1846-1859), during which tenure he was defeated by Hardin Runnels in the gubernatorial election of 1857. Houston was elected governor of Texas in 1859. His term was dominated mainly by his anti-secessionist activities, in which he warned of the dangers of civil war and worked for a compromise. When he refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Confederate States of America in March of 1861 (arguing that now Texas was again an independent republic), Houston was replaced by his lieutenant governor, Edward Clark. He died at his farm near Huntsville on July 26, 1863.

(Sources include: inventory of Governor Sam Houston records at the Texas State Archives.)


Biographical Sketch: Andrew Jackson Houston

Andrew Jackson Houston, second son of Sam and Margaret (Lea) Houston, was born at Independence, Texas, on June 21, 1854. He was a lawyer and politician. In 1938 he published Texas Independence, a book about his father's role in the Texas Revolution. He had inherited this collection of documents from his father, and maintained it until his death in 1941. He died in Washington D.C. a few weeks after his appointment to the U.S. Senate; on June 26, 1941, Houston's body was returned to Texas and buried at the State Cemetery in Austin. Two daughters survived him.

(Sources include: George N. Green's article in the Online Handbook of Texas, at http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho69.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

Sam Houston was Governor of Tennessee, Commanding General of the Texian Army during the Texas Revolution, twice President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator from Texas and Governor of Texas. Sam Houston's second son Andrew Jackson Houston inherited this collection of documents from his father and maintained it until his death in 1941. This manuscript collection contains correspondence, reports, resolutions, proclamations, affidavits, depositions and other court documents, broadsides, speeches, invitations, receipts, drawings, and maps, dating 1812-1941, and undated, bulk 1835-1859. There are approximately 4,866 items, which were previously calendared in a card-file index in the Archives search room, arranged chronologically, and also with a name index. The calendar (edited for errors) is now in a Microsoft Access database, which replaces the card-file index.

About 76 percent of the items are letters either to Sam Houston (63%) or from Sam Houston (13%). Correspondents with at least six items each include, in alphabetical order: A.C. Allen, Ebenezer Allen, John K. Allen, Nathaniel Amory, K.L. Anderson, James Auchincloss, Thomas M. Bagby, Barnard E. Bee, John Birdsall, Gail Borden, Colonel Bowles, Thomas Bridges, Asa Brigham, J. H. Brower, William Bryan, Benjamin Bryant, David G. Burnet, B.F. Butler, Pierce M. Butler, John C. Calhoun, Valentine Canaliza, Eli Chandler, William Christy, James H. Cocke, Thomas P. Collins, the Texas Congress, William G. Cooke, Vicente Cordova, William Henry Daingerfield, Gen. James Davis, Viconte I. de Cramayel, P. Dimitt, A.J. Donelson, John M. Dor, Richard G. Dunlap, P. Edmunds, Joseph C. Eldredge, Charles Elliott, Joseph Eve, James W. Fannin, George Fisher, S. Rhoads Fisher, John Forsyth, L.B. Franks, James Gadsden, Edmund P. Gaines, Gen. Gibbs, William Goyens, Peter W. Grayson, Edward Hall, James Hamilton, M.C. Hamilton, J. Pinckney Henderson, George W. Hill, George W. Hockley, A.C. Horton, Mrs. Sam Houston, Memucan Hunt, A. Huston, R.A. Irion, Andrew Jackson, R.D. Johnson, Anson Jones, H.W. Karnes, David S. Kaufman, William Kidd, Mirabeau B. Lamar, William B. Lewis, Abner S. Lipscomb, F. R. Lubbock, H. McLeod, Thomas F. McKinney, L.H. Mabbitt, James S. Mayfield, Charles F. Mercer, Washington D. Miller, John W. Moody, Edwin W. Moore, James Morgan, William S. Murphy, M.P. Norton, John M. Overton, Clark L. Owen, Benjamin Owen Payn, George W. Poe, Henry Raguet, Charles H. Raymond, James Reily, J. Roberts, Arthur Robertson, James W. Robinson, R.R. Royall, Thomas Jefferson Rusk, A. de Saligny, Jose Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of War, Juan N. Seguin, the Texas Senate, the U.S. Senate, James B. Shaw, William Miller Shepherd, Charles H. Sims, Dr. Ashbel Smith, Gov. Henry Smith, Jacob Snively, A. Somervell, Samuel St. John Jr., H. Stuart, Samuel Swartwout, Henry Teal, George W. Terrell, David W. Thomas, Waddy Thompson, A.S. Thruston, Thomas Toby, D.K. Torrey (Torrey and Brothers), Joseph G. Totten, Isaac Van Zandt, Thomas William Ward, H. Washington, Daniel Webster, J.G. Welschmeyer, Thomas G. Western, D.F. Weymouth, G. Wheelwright, Samuel M. Williams, M.P. Woodhouse, John Woodward, Jefferson Wright, A.J. Yates, and H. Yoakum.

An enormous variety of topics appear throughout the Texas career of Sam Houston as General, President, U.S. Senator and Governor, including the Texas Revolution (especially the military aspects), Texas politics during the Republic era and the pre-Civil War period of statehood, annexation, secession, Indians, the Republic of Texas navy, land, colonization, claims, the Archives War, financial affairs, appointments, introductions, and friendship, to name a few. Some of the items are public and official, others are private and personal.

Documents 4602.1 thru 4602.195 are the later correspondence of the Republic of Texas Legation in Washington, D.C., 1839-1841, thus supplementing the earlier records in the Republic of Texas Legation in Washington correspondence, 1835-1839, 1841, 1843-1845, undated, bulk 1836-1839, 4.75 cubic ft. (272 items). Based on records in the Texas State Archives, following the close of the Legation Office in 1845, Acting Secretary of State Charles Mariner, in a letter to the newly elected U.S. Senator Sam Houston dated March 7, 1846, directed Houston, at the request of Governor James Pinckney Henderson, to "obtain control over the books, papers, etc. belonging to the Legation of the late Republic of Texas" that had been placed with the Office of the U. S. Adjutant General in Washington, D.C., following the close of the Legation. Houston did acquire custody of the records but, rather than depositing them with the Texas Secretary of State in Austin as requested, he instead took them to his home. From all indications, the records were passed down to Sam Houston’s second son, Andrew Jackson Houston, who died in 1941, leaving two daughters. In 1961, during Hurricane Carla, the house where the documents were located was destroyed and caught on fire. Most of the extensive collection of Texas documents in the house were rescued and ended up in the Andrew Jackson Houston collection at the Texas State Archives, part of which can be identified as records of the Republic of Texas Legation in Washington, D.C. (1839-1845). The earlier records of the Texas Legation (1836-1839), however, were somehow missed, and at an undetermined time came to be in the custody of other individuals who lived in Southeast Texas. The Legation records were received by the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission from the Texas State Historical Association on June 8, 2006 (2006/385).


 

Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged by state archives staff numerically, which is roughly chronological, with the Texas Legation correspondence at the end, also arranged chronologically.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
Amory, Nathaniel C.
Anderson, Kenneth Lewis, 1805-1845.
Auchincloss, James, active 1835-1851.
Bee, Bernard E., 1787-1853.
Borden, Gail, 1801-1874.
Brigham, Asa.
Brower, John Hamil, 1801-1881.
Bryan, William.
Burnet, David Gouverneur, 1789-1870.
Christy, William H., 1791-1865.
Daingerfield, William Henry, 1808-1878.
Davis, James, 1790-1859.
Dunlap, Richard G., d. 1841.
Edmunds, P., active 1841-1848.
Elliott, Charles.
Fisher, Samuel Rhoads, 1794-1839.
Forsyth, John.
Hall, Edward, fl. 1836.
Hamilton, James, 1786-1857.
Henderson, James Pinckney, 1808-1858.
Hill, George W. (George Washington), 1814-1860.
Hockley, George Washington, 1802-1854.
Hunt, Memucan, 1807-1856.
Irion, Robert A. (Robert Anderson), 1804-1861.
Jones, Anson, 1798-1858.
Miller, W.D. (Washington D.), 1814-1866.
Moody, John Wyatt, -1839.
Moore, Edwin Ward.
Morgan, James, 1786-1866.
Murphy, William Sumter, 1796-1844.
Overton, John M.
Raguet, Henry, 1796-1877.
Raymond, Chas. H. (Charles H.), b. 1816.
Reily, James, 1863.
Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857.
Santa Anna, Antonio Lopez de, 1794?-1876.
Smith, Henry, 1788-1851.
Snively, Jacob.
Somervell, Alexander, 1796-1854.
Swartwout, Samuel, 1783-1856.
Terrell, George Whitfield, 1803-1846.
Thomas, David W., 1801?-1836.
Thruston, A.S. (Algernon Sidney), 1801-1864.
Toby, Thomas, d. 1849.
Torrey, David Kilburn, 1815-1849.
Van Zandt, Isaac, 1813-1847.
Ward, Thomas William, 1807-1872.
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852.
Western, Thomas G., 1792?-1847.
Woodward, John, of the City of New-York.
Subjects:
Armies--Texas--Revolution, 1835-1836.
Armies--Texas--Republic, 1836-1846.
Boundaries--Texas.
Elections--Texas.
Indians of North America--Texas--Government relations.
Land settlement--Texas.
Legislative bodies--Texas.
Navies--Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836.
Navies--Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846.
Postal service--Texas.
Resolutions, Legislative--Texas.
Secession.
Treaties.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government.
Texas--President.
Texas--Congress.
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846.
Texas--History--1846-1950.
Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Texas--Annexation to the United States.
Texas--Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Texas--Foreign relations--Mexico.
Mexico--Foreign relations--Texas.
Texas--Colonization.
Texas--Diplomatic and consular service.
Texas--Emigration and immigration.
Texas--Boundaries.
Texas--Frontier troubles.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Reports--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Resolutions--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Court documents--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Speeches--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Maps--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Drawings--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.
Invitations--Texas--Politics and government--1812-1941.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
There are numerous holdings indexed under Sam Houston in the Manuscripts card file in the Archives search room.
Governor Sam Houston records, 1824-1862, bulk 1859-1861, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 15.18 cubic ft. (originals), 14 reels of microfilm (duplicates)
Republic of Texas Legation in Washington correspondence, 1835-1839, 1841, 1844-1845, bulk 1836-1839, 4.48 cubic ft. (272 items) [Documents 4602.1 thru 4602.195 of the A.J. Houston Collection are the later correspondence of the Republic of Texas Legation in Washington, D.C., 1839-1845.]
Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Liberty
Andrew Jackson Houston papers, 1825, 1836, 1849-1850, 1853-1854, 1865, 1905, 1921-1962, undated, bulk 1921-1942, 1 cubic ft.
Andrew Jackson Houston collection, 19th century and undated [mainly artifacts]
Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin
Sam Houston papers, 1814-1957, and undated, 6 ft., 5 1/8 in.
Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston
Sam Houston papers, 1821-1863, 1 box originals, 1 box use copies (1 lin. ft. total)
Catholic Archives of Texas, Austin
Sam Houston papers, 1838-1860
Publications
Houston, Sam. The Personal Correspondence of Sam Houston, edited by Madge Thornall Roberts. (Denton, Tex.: University of North Texas Press, 1996-2001). 4 vols.
Houston, Sam. The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813-1863, edited by Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker. (Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 1938-1943). 8 vols.
Stephens, Andrew Jackson. A calendar of the writings of Sam Houston in the various collections in Austin. Austin, Tex.: University of Texas, 1927. [thesis]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Andrew Jackson Houston collection. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1973/110

These records were transferred to the Archives Division of the Texas State Library and Historical Commission by Jean Houston (Mrs. F.T.) Baldwin and Price Daniel Sr. on March 5, 1973. Legal custody had been preceded by nine years of physical custody, authorized by Ariadne Houston (A.J. Houston's daughter) on March 13, 1966.

Processing Information

Inventoried by various archival staff, March 1966-February 1973

Access database created from card index file by volunteer Rose Jacobs, September 2011

Finding aid encoded by Tony Black in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project, March 2012

Access database calendar proofread and corrected by Tony Black, November 2012

Additional corrections by Tony Black, December 2012


Other Finding Aids

Each document in the Andrew Jackson Houston Collection was abstracted in a card file index. This index (or calendar) has been formatted as a Microsoft Access database, and can be searched electronically at https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/apps/arc/ajhouston/index.php.


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Andrew Jackson Houston collection, 1812-1941, undated, bulk 1835-1859,
31.41 cubic ft.

A detailed inventory of these approximately 4,866 items is available online at: https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/apps/arc/ajhouston/index.php
Box
2-22/147 Documents 1-80, August 16, 1812-June 1, 1835
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2-22/148 Documents 81-160, June 4-December 10, 1835
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2-22/149 Documents 161-239, December 10, 1835-February 1, 1836
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2-22/150 Documents 240-319, February 2-April 5, 1836
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2-22/151 Documents 320-399, April 5-April 23, 1836
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2-22/152 Documents 400-479, April 23-July 25, 1836
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2-22/153 Documents 480-519, July 26-August 29, 1836
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2-22/154 Documents 520-599, August 29-November 2, 1836
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2-22/155 Documents 600-679, November 2-December 4, 1836
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2-22/156 Documents 680-759A, December 6, 1836-January 7, 1837
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2-22/157 Documents 760-839, January 7-February 18, 1837
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2-22/158 Documents 840-919, February 18-March 17, 1837
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2-22/159 Documents 920-999, March 18-April 14, 1837
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2-22/160 Documents 1000-1039, April 15-May 2, 1837
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2-22/161 Documents 1040-1119, May 2-May 29, 1837
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2-22/162 Documents 1120-1199, May 29-June 15, 1837
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2-22/163 Documents 1200-1279, June 17-August 17, 1837
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2-22/164 Documents 1280-1359, August 18-October 6, 1837
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2-22/165 Documents 1360-1439, October 6-November 29, 1837
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2-22/166 Documents 1440-1519, November 30, 1837-January 12, 1838
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2-22/167 Documents 1520-1559, January 13-March 10, 1838
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2-22/168 Documents 1560-1639, March 12-May 12, 1838
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2-22/169 Documents 1640-1719, May 14-July 19, 1838
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2-22/170 Documents 1720-1799, July 20-August 19, 1838
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2-22/171 Documents 1800-1879, August 20-October 31, 1838
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2-22/172 Documents 1880-1959, October 1838-April 4, 1840
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2-22/173 Documents 1960-2039, April 27, 1840-August 17, 1841
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2-22/174 Documents 2040-2079, August 18-October, 1841
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2-22/175 Documents 2080-2159, October 1841-January 17, 1842
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2-22/176 Documents 2160-2239, January 22-March 11, 1842
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2-22/177 Documents 2240-2319, March 12-April 1, 1842
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2-22/178 Documents 2320-2399, April 1-April 21, 1842
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2-22/179 Documents 2400-2479, April 22-May 31, 1842
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2-22/180 Documents 2480-2559, May 1-July 12, 1842
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2-22/181 Documents 2560-2599, July 12-July 30, 1842
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2-22/182 Documents 2600-2679, July 30-September 27, 1842
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2-22/183 Documents 2680-2759, September 28-December 9, 1842
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2-22/184 Documents 2760-2839, December 9, 1842-January 13, 1843
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2-22/185 Documents 2840-2919, January 14-February 17, 1843
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2-22/186 Documents 2920-2999, February 17-March 1843
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2-22/187 Documents 3000-3079, April 1-June 7, 1843
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2-22/188 Documents 3080-3119, June 7-June 25, 1843
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2-22/189 Documents 3120-3199, June 26-October 26, 1843
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2-22/190 Documents 3200-3279, November 2, 1843-January 17, 1844
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2-22/191 Documents 3280-3359, January 17-February 15, 1844
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2-22/192 Documents 3360-3439, February 15-April 20, 1844
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2-22/193 Documents 3440-3519, April 20-June 28, 1844
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2-22/194 Documents 3520-3599, June 29-October 14, 1844
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2-22/195 Documents 3600-3639, October 14, 1844-March 7, 1846
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2-22/196 Documents 3640-3719, March 9, 1846-March 21, 1848
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2-22/197 Documents 3720-3799, March 21-July 7, 1848
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2-22/198 Documents 3800-3879, July 8, 1848-February 26, 1849
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2-22/199 Documents 3880-3959, March 5, 1849-April 5, 1851
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2-22/200 Documents 3960-4039, April 6, 1851-December 9, 1853
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2-22/201 Documents 4040-4119, December 9, 1853-February 9, 1854
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2-22/202 Documents 4120-4159, February 9-March 1, 1854
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2-22/203 Documents 4160-4239, March 1, 1854-October 1855
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2-22/204 Documents 4240-4319, November 9, 1855-July 15, 1867, 1875, 1898, 1910, July 11, 1926
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2-22/205 Documents 4320-4389, July 12, 19[2-]-1941, undated
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2-22/206 Documents 4390-4449, undated
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2-22/207 Documents 4450-4529, undated
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2-22/208 Documents 4530-4584, undated
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2-22/209 Documents 4585-4601, undated
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2-22/209.1 Documents 4602.1-4602.104, March 1, 1839-April 18, 1840
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2-22/209.2 Documents 4602.105-4602.195, April 20, 1840-August 6, 1841
Oversize
Box 12 Oversize Documents 204-2662, December 28, 1835-September 20, 1842
Oversize
Box 13 Oversize Documents 2769-4592, December 15, 1842-January 1, 1849, undated