Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Secretary of State:

An Inventory of Secretary of State Bonds and Oaths at the Texas State Archives, 1837-1844, 1846-1920



Overview

Creator: Texas. Secretary of State.
Title: Secretary of State bonds and oaths
Dates: 1837-1844, 1846-1920
Abstract: Bonds are posted by public officials to secure their fiduciary responsibilities. Oaths are sworn and filed by public officials to assure their loyalty to the government, and their promise to uphold the duties of the office. No one governmental office has had the responsibility for filing all bonds and oaths. The Comptroller's office at some point maintained certificates of bonds, and possibly even oaths. However, state law has required many if not most state officers to file bonds and oaths with the Texas Secretary of State (as early as 1846). These records are bonds and oaths and some related records of elected and appointed officials of the Republic and State of Texas, of districts, counties, and municipalities, dating 1837-1844, 1846-1920.
Quantity: 73.91 cubic ft., 3 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

According to Article V of the Texas Constitution of 1836, "every person who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit shall before entering on the duties thereof, take an oath to support the Constitution of the Republic, and also an oath of office." As offices were created, the enabling legislation usually specified the oath and bond required.

No one governmental office has had the responsibility for filing all bonds and oaths. Depending on the office and varying over time, bonds and oaths could be filed on different governmental levels (municipal, district, county, state), and in different offices. Not infrequently, the bond would be filed in one office and the oath in another. The Comptroller's office at some point maintained certificates of bonds, and possibly even oaths. However, state law has required many if not most state officers to file bonds and oaths with the Secretary of State (as early as 1846). Furthermore, numerous entries in a published Catalogue of Books, Documents, Papers, Etc., in Office of Secretary of State, March, 1870 are bonds and oaths (e.g., of state officers, of district attorneys, of district judges, of department clerks, of managers and trustees of asylums, etc.)

The Secretary of State is a constitutional officer of the executive branch of state government, appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate for a term concurrent with the governor's (a two-year term at first, a four-year term since 1974). The office was first created by the Constitution of the Republic of Texas in 1836 (Article VI, Section 10), and has been continued by each succeeding Constitution. On May 9, 1846, the 1st Legislature approved an act "to define the duties of Secretary of State," which among other things required the Secretary of State to "arrange and preserve all books, maps, parchments, records, documents, deeds, conveyances, and other papers belonging to the State, that have been or may be properly deposited there."


Scope and Contents of the Records

Bonds are posted by public officials to secure their fiduciary responsibilities. Oaths are sworn and filed by public officials to assure their loyalty to the government, and their promise to uphold the duties of the office. No one governmental office has had the responsibility for filing all bonds and oaths. The Comptroller's office at some point maintained certificates of bonds, and possibly even oaths. However, state law has required many if not most state officers to file bonds and oaths with the Texas Secretary of State (as early as 1846).

These records are bonds and oaths and some related records of elected and appointed officials of the Republic and State of Texas, of districts, counties, and municipalities, dating 1837-1844, 1846-1920. The records making up this series appear to have been collected from various record groups and filed into two subseries--one for the Republic, 1837-1844, and one for the State, 1846-1920.

The Republic-era records consist of signed oaths and bonds filed in the Office of the Secretary of State, certifications of county Chief Justices that oaths of office have been taken, letters to Presidents recommending persons for various offices, and letters of resignation, dating 1837-1844. There are files for approximately 450 officials. An alphabetical list of the Republic era officials with bonds and/or oaths is given in this inventory.

The State-era records are bonds and oaths and some related records of elected and appointed officials of the State of Texas, of districts, counties, and municipalities, dating 1846-1920. Not all files will have a bond and an oath and some will have more than one for successive offices. In some files additional materials may be present, such as letters of recommendation, resignation, or application; Comptroller certificates of bonds; election returns; and minutes of commissioners meetings which include appointments to vacant offices. The state era officials with bonds and/or oaths can be accessed alphabetically through a card index in the State Archives search room.

Note: Some of the bonds filed may actually be treasury or revenue bonds rather than security bonds required to be posted by a public official.

Finally, although Reconstruction oaths dating 1866-1873 can be found in the State-era series, and are included in the card index, an additional 500 or so were later found misfiled with unprocessed Adjutant General's Department records, and therefore not included in the card index. These are described and listed in a separate series, Reconstruction oaths. These consist of signed oaths, plus one bond and a couple of appointment letters / notices of filing of oath of office, dating 1866-1873, bulk 1870-1873. Most of these oaths are at the municipal or county level.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized by State Archives staff into three series:
Bonds and oaths of county and Republic officials, 1837-1844, 2.5 cubic ft., 3 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Bonds and oaths of county and State officials, 1846-1920, 70.91 cubic ft.
Reconstruction oaths, 1866-1873, bulk 1870-1873, 0.5 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Microfilm readers are available in the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library Building. Ask staff members for exact locations.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas (Republic). Dept. of State.
Places:
Texas---Officials and employees--Selection and appointment.
Texas---Officials and employees--Selection and appointment--Bonding.
Document Types:
Bonds (legal records)--Texas--Officials and employees--1837-1844, 1846-1920.
Oaths--Texas--Officials and employees--1837-1844, 1846-1920.
Functions:
Bonding.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State general correspondence of the Department of State, Republic of Texas, 1822-1859, undated, bulk 1835-1846, 4.96 cubic ft., 4 reels microfilm (especially Home letters)
Texas Secretary of State executive record books, 1835-1917, 15.18 cubic ft. (originals), 14 reels of microfilm (duplicates)
Texas Secretary of State election registers (a.k.a. appointment registers), 1837-2007, 32.15 cubic ft. (originals), 36 reels microfilm (duplicates)
Texas Department of State Republic of Texas election returns, 1835-1845, 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State State of Texas election returns (county-by-county), 1846-1984, 176.55 cubic ft.
Texas applications for special pardons, 1865-1867
Publications
Compiled Index to Elected and Appointed Officials of the Republic of Texas, 1835-1846, State Archives Division, Texas State Library.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Secretary of State bonds and oaths. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1963/058, 1980/009, 1983/215, 2012/108

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Office of the Secretary of State on December 2, 1962; and on other unknown dates (a portion of these reaccessioned on January 31, 2012); and by the Statutory Documents Section of the Secretary of State on September 21, 1979; and May 29, 1983.

Processing Information

Processed by State Archives staff, dates unknown

Card file index (of state bonds and oaths) completed by State Archives staff, 1971

Finding aid encoded by Tony Black in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project, October 2011

Strays and unprocessed records added by Tony Black, October 2011

Strays (including Reconstruction oaths) processed by Melanie Saegert and Tony Black, February 2012

Appraisal Information

Texas State Archives staff completed an appraisal of the Texas Secretary of State holdings already in the custody of the Texas State Archives in December 1998. Thirty-three series of the holdings containing Republic of Texas records were determined to be archival, including Bonds and oaths. The complete appraisal report (in two parts: Republic of Texas records, and non-Republic records) is available for consultation online at http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/appraisal/sosrepublic.html and http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/appraisal/sosstate.html , and also in the search room of the Texas State Archives.

Other Formats for the Records

The Bonds and oaths of Republic and county officers, 1837-1844, were microfilmed onto three reels of 35mm microfilm by the State and Local Records Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission, paid for by the Friends of the Clayton Library, Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research of the Houston Public Library. The reels are available through interlibrary loan; contact your local librarian for details. They are also available for purchase (see https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/pubs/tslpublist.html#slrm and scroll down to Texas History: Bonds and Oaths); contact the State and Local Records Management Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Bonds and oaths of county and Republic officials, 1837-1844,
2.5 cubic ft., 3 reels microfilm (duplicates)

Bonds are posted by public officials to secure their fiduciary responsibilities. Oaths are sworn and filed by public officials to assure their loyalty to the government, and their promise to uphold the duties of the office. No one governmental office has had the responsibility for filing all bonds and oaths.
These records consist of signed oaths and bonds, certifications of Republic of Texas county Chief Justices that oaths of office have been taken, letters to Texas Presidents recommending persons for various offices, and letters of resignation, dating 1837-1844. There are files for approximately 450 officials.
An alphabetical list of the Republic era officials with bonds and/or oaths is given in this inventory. SEE references indicate that the documentation for that individual is found in the file of another individual; SEE ALSO references indicate that additional documentation for that individual is found in the file of another individual.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by last name of the person.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Bonds and oaths of county and Republic officials, Texas Secretary of State bonds and oaths. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: unknown
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Secretary of State on unknown dates.
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Technical Requirements
Microfilm readers are available in the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library Building. Ask staff members for exact locations.
Processing Information
Processed by State Archives staff, unknown dates
Finding aid encoded by Tony Black in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project, October 2011
Box
2-9/37 Aldrich, George
Alexander, Jerome B.
Allen, John M.
Amory, Nathaniel
Anderson, Carter
Anderson, K. L.
Andrews, John: SEE White, Francis M.
Andrews, Reddin
Armstrong, James: SEE Pamplin, William
Armstrong, William
Austin, William T.
Ayers, Lewis
Baker, James S.
Balfour, David
Ballinger, John
Banks, William G.
Barnard, Joseph H.
Barnett, E. D.
Bates, Thomas
Bayless, Hezekiah
Baylor, R. E. B.
Beal, John
Bellinger, Edmund: SEE McClure, B. D.
Berry, John G.
Bevil, John
Birdsall, John
Blair, John
Bonnell: SEE Cruger and Bonnell
Borden, Gail Jr.
Borden, John P.
Borden, Thomas H.
Bourland, James
Box, Stephen
Boyd, John
Bracken, James R. SEE ALSO Blair, John
Bradly, John M.
Brauch, Edward T.: SEE Isbell, James H.
Brenham, Richard F.
Brigham, Asa
Bringhurst, George H.
Briscoe, Andrew
Bromley, William
Brooks, John W.
Brooks, Wilson
Brower, John H.
Brown, William C.
Brown, William R.
Bryan, Pryar
Bryan, William
Buchanan, John
Bullard, Charles A.
Burnett, J. P.
Burroughs, William M.
Burton, Isaac Watts
Byrne, William
Cady, D. C.
Campbell, Isaac
Campbell, James
Canfield, Israel
Carothers, Henry M.
Carson, John
Caruthers, William C.: SEE O'Neal, James R.
Case, Joel T.
Case, Uriah F.
Castro, Henri
Catlett, H. G.
Chatfield, Norman: SEE Kennedy, Thomas
Cleal, John G.
Clifton, John M.
Cocke, James H.
Cockrill, John P.
Coit, Daniel P.
Collins, Thomas P.
Collinsworth, George M.
Collinsworth, James B.
Conn, James: SEE Pamplin, William
Cook, Hamilton
Cooke, A. W.
Cooke, Louis Philip
Craft, Russell B.: SEE ALSO Patton, Samuel B.
Cranwill, Samuel
Cruger, J. H.
Cruger and Bonell
Cruger and Moore: SEE Cruger, J. H.
Cummins, Moses
Dagley, Thomas A.
Daingerfield, William Henry
Dashiell, William C. V.
Davis, George W.
Davis, John
Dean, Caolway
Delano, Oliver H.
Delesdernier, George H.
Delmour, William P.
Dennis, Thomas M.
Dexter, Thomas A.
Dickerson, Waller
Dilliard, Lewis H.
Dilliard, William
Box
2-9/38 Dinsmore, Silas
Doom, R. C.
Dorlon, Joseph
Dowell, James
Downes, L. E.
Duke, Thomas M.
Durham, George John
Eldredge, Arthur
Eldredge, Joseph C.
Evans, Musgrove
Evans, William G.
Faison, N. W.
[2 folders]
Farley, H. H.
Ferguson, A.
Fields, Smallwood S. B.
Fisher, William S.
Fisk, Greenleaf
Fitzgerald, John
Fitzgerald, Gearret
Flanniken, Robert H.
Force, William A.
Fulkerson, James P.
Fulton, George W.
Gage, Moses: SEE Patton, Samuel B.
Gaines, Francis T.
Gaines, James
Gardnier, A. A.
Garza, Rafael C.
Gellatly, Robert
Giddings, Jabez D.
Gilbert, Mabel: SEE O'Neal, James R.
Gill, John P.
Gill, Joshua T.
Giroud, F.
Gooch, Benjamin
Good, Hannibal
Grammont, John J. H.
Gray, Fairfax
Gregg, Darius
Green, John G.
Green, Thomas
Gritten, Edward
Groesbach, John D.
Guthrie, G. W.
Hagler, L. S.
Halderman, Allen S.
Hamilton, Thomas Lynch
Hansford, John M.
Hardin, B. W.
Harelson, James C.
Harmon, John T.
Harris, D. W. Clinton
Harris, William H.
Harris, William P.: SEE ALSO Smith, Benjamin Fort
Hart, Benjamin Jr.
Hart, William
Harvey, John
Harvey, Thomas
Haskins, Isaac C.
Hayes, John
Haynie, John A.
Hays, John C.
Hemphill, John
Henderson, H. G.: SEE McClure, B. D.
Henderson, James W.
Hendsley, William R.
Herndon, Robert S.
Herring, William P.
Hewes, Samuel
Hicks, Archibald W. O.
Hill, Benjamin F.
Hill, David
Hillyard, James
Hinckley, Walter
Hockley, George W.: SEE Stickney, E. Lawrence
Hoggatt, James
Holman, James S.: SEE Smith, Benjamin Fort
Holmes, W.
Hooper, Richard
Hope, Hugh S.
Hord, Thomas H.
Horton, Albert C.
Horton, Alexander
Houston, Sam
[photostat]
Howard, Charles
Howe, N. B.
Howlet, James
Box
2-9/39 Hoyle, Stephen Z.
Hoyt, Nathaniel
Hubert, John R.
Hudson, Harris C.
Hudson, James P.
Huesman, Frederick William
Huling, Thomas B.: SEE Bevil, John
Humphreys, Henry
Hunt, William H.
Hurt, William M.
Hyde, A. C.
Ijams, Basil G.
Ikin, Arthur
Isaacks, Andrew J.
Isbell, James H.
Jackson, Hugh
Jackson, Peter
Jameson, Thomas: SEE Cook, Hamilton L.
Jewell, Ebenezer
Johnson, Benjamin F.
Johnson, James
Johnson, Moses
Johnson, Owen D.
Johnson, Samuel
Jonas, Randall: SEE Barnard, Joseph
Jones, A. B.
Jones, Anson
Jones, Archibald
Jones, John Rice
Jones, S. L.
Jordan, Levi
Jowett, John G.
Joy, Cyrus
Keaghey, William S.
Keese, Thomas J.
Kennedy, Calvin W.
Kennedy, John J.
Kennedy, Thomas
Kennedy, William
Kerr, James: SEE Menefee, William
Key, David P.
Key, Thomas W.
Kimbell, Albert G.
Kincaid, David G.
Kinney, Henry L.
Kirchhoffer, John H.
Knight, Washington I.
Lane, David G.
Latimer, James
Lawder, Rynd
Levey, Manasseh
Lewis, Elmanson
Lewis, Martin B.
Lewis, William P.
Liedikum, Fredrick
Lindsey, Thomas
Lindsey, William
Linn, Edward
Lockhart, Charles
Long, Jacob
Longley, James P.
Love, John G.
Lubbock, Francis R.
Lund, Charles C.
Lusk, George O.
McAdo, John S.
McCamly: SEE Steward & McCamly
McClure, B. D.
McCrabb, John
McCulloch, Henry E.
McDaniel, John
McFarland, Samuel: SEE O'Neal, James R.
McFarlane, John W. B.
McGary, Isaac
McGuffy, Alexander H.
McHenery, John
McJimsey, George D.
McKissick, John W.
McLamore, Atkin
McLaughlin, Stephen
McMahan, Thompson H.
McManus, Robert O. W.
McNeill, A.
McNutt, Nicholas
McRae, John H.: SEE ALSO White, Martin D.
Mabbitt, L. H.
Box
2-9/40 Magruder, Napoleon
Manson, Lewis C.
Martin, George M.
Martin, James F.
Martin, John S.
Martin, Robert W.
Matson, Henry
Matthews, M. W.
Mays, Thomas H.
Menefee, John S.
Menefee, William
Milam, Jefferson
Miles, George W.
Millard, D. J. Otho
Millard, Henry
Miller, John C.
Milllican, E. M.
Mills, John T.
Miner, J. G.
Money, John H.
Montague, Daniel
Moody, John W.
Moore, Francis Jr.: SEE ALSO Cruger, J. H.
Morewood, Thomas
Morgan, David
Munger, Sylvester S.
Murphree, David
Murphy, Joseph
Myers, William
Nash, James P.
Neill, Andrew
Nelson, Albert A.
Newcomb, Thomas
Ochiltree, Hugh
O'Hara, James W.
O'Neal, James R.
Osburn, James
Overton, James D.
Owen, James D.
Pamplin, William
Parmalee, Richard
Parker, M.
Patrick, Isham T.
Patterson, William P.
Patton, Edwin L.
Patton, John D.
Patton, Samuel B.
Pease, E. M.
Peck, Nathaniel
Pennall, Robert A.
Peres, Manuel
Perry, James F.
Pettus, William
Phelan, Andrew J. F.
Pillot, Eugene
Pilsbury, T.
Pinckney, John T.
Plummer, Joseph E.
Pool, William H.
Potter, Reuben M.
Powers, Richard
Prendergast, Luke B.
Prendergast, William M. D.
Prewitt, John M.
Pridham, P. U.
Prissick, William
Pulsifer, Joseph P.
Raglin, Henry W.
Railey, Charles
Raymond, James H.
Read, James G.
Read, John C.
Redmond, Henry
Reel, Robert I. W.
Reeves, William B.
Renfro, Peter F.
Roberts, Alex L.
Roberts, Oran M.
Roberts, Reuben H.
Roberts, Willis
Rogers, Sam
Rogers, Samuel
Rose, Robert
Ross, David
Rothhaas, Frederick Jacob
Rowley, Obadiah
Rusk, Thomas Jefferson
Russell, William
Scott, William P.
Selkirk, James H.
Shapard, Thomas P.
Sharp, Thomas
Shea, John
Shelby, Alfred
Box
2-9/41 Sheppard, James G.
Sheppard, Joseph G.
Shores, W.
Sigler, William N.
Simmons, James W. (Harrisburg County)
Simmons, James W. (Travis County)
Simons, Thomas
Simpson, John P.
Sims, William C. W.
Smith, Benjamin Fort
Smith, Francis Gurenuy
Smith, John D.
Smith, Niles F.
Smith, Walter
Smyth, George W.: SEE ALSO Bevil, John
Smyth, Henry M.
Somervell, Alexander
Spence, Isaac C.
Stagner, Henry
Stanfield, William W. O.
Starr, James H.
Sterne, John E.
Stevenson, Robert
Stewart, Charles B.
Stewart & McCamly
Stickney, E. Lawrence
Stinson, Samuel
Stuart, William S.
Sutton, Jesse
Swaim, John D.
Swift, Arthur
Tally, John R.
Taylor, Charles S.
Terrell, George W.
Thomason, William D.
Thompson, A. (Algernon) P.
Thorn, John L.
Todd, Samuel
Toliver, John
Torrey & Brothers: SEE Torrey, D. K.
Torrey, D. K.
Townsend, Nathaniel
Townsend, Spencer
Travis, Mathias
Trimble, Robert C.
Trott, Henry
Trueheart, James L.
Turner, Edward B.
Tutt, Richard B.
Underwood, A.
Upshur, Horace L.
Usher, Patrick
Vess, William
Vining, Wade H.
Vining, William W.
Wade, John M.
Wallace, James P.
Wallace, William S.
Waller, Edwin
Waples, Joseph
Ward, Thomas William
Watts, Hugh O.
Webb, David K.
Wells, Fleming T.
Wells, Samuel G.
Welschmeyer, J. G.
West, Claiborne
West, Edward
West, Robert A.
Western, Thomas G.
White, Francis M.
White, Martin D.
Wigginton, Alfred M.
Wrightman, E. R.: SEE ALSO Cady, D. C.
Wilbarger, Josiah: SEE Patton, Samuel B.
Wilbarger, Matthias
Wilkins, Charles C.
Wilkins, Manlius M.
Williams, Ezekiel: SEE ALSO McClure, B. D.
Williams, Hezekiah
Williams, Samuel
Williamson, David G.
Willis, F. A.
Wilson, James G.
Wilson, William L.
Winkler, Clinton M.
Woodhouse, M. P.
Woodruff, John
Wright, Charles
Wright, James G.
Young, William C.
Microfilm
976.404 B64oa Bonds and oaths of Republic and county officers, 1837-1844
[3 microfilm reels]:
Reel
1 Aldrich, George through Hewes, Samuel
Reel
2 Hicks, Archibald W.O. through Pulsifer, Joseph P.
Reel
3 Raglin, Henry W. through Young, William C.



 

Bonds and oaths of county and State officials, 1846-1920,
70.91 cubic ft.

Bonds are posted by public officials to secure their fiduciary responsibilities. Oaths are sworn and filed by public officials to assure their loyalty to the government, and their promise to uphold the duties of the office. No one governmental office has had the responsibility for filing all bonds and oaths. The Comptroller's office at some point maintained certificates of bonds, and possibly even oaths. However, state law has required many if not most state officers to file bonds and oaths with the Texas Secretary of State (as early as 1846).
These records are bonds and oaths and some related records of elected and appointed officials of the State of Texas, of districts, counties, and municipalities, dating 1846-1920. Not all files will have a bond and an oath and some will have more than one for successive offices. In some files additional materials may be present, such as letters of appointment, application, recommendation, or resignation; Comptroller certificates of bonds; schedules of property to accompany bonds; election returns; and minutes of commissioners meetings which include appointments to vacant offices. Most of the state-era officials with bonds and/or oaths can be accessed alphabetically through a card index in the State Archives search room. An alphabetical listing of additional bonds and oaths is also included below, for records that were not included in the card index.
Note: Although Reconstruction oaths dating 1866-1873 can be found in this series, and are included in the card index, an additional 500 or so were later found misfiled with unprocessed Adjutant General's Department records, and therefore not included in the card index. These are described and listed in the next series, Reconstruction oaths.
In addition, there is a bonds register dating 1846-1855, giving the following information, county by county: county, year, name of officer, names of securities, date of bond, amount, and remarks. There is also a bonds and oaths letter book, dating 1882-1897.
And finally, there is a box of unprocessed bonds and oaths, dating 1917-1919, consisting of bonds, oaths, appointment letters, and cover letters, dating 1917-1919. The bulk of the officials in this group are state bank examiners, but there are also members of seven small state agencies. Most of the folders contain multiple appointees, so the inventory given is to agency rather than to the individual.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by last name of the person. Additional bonds and oaths (not in the card file index) are listed alphabetically at the end. The bonds and oaths letter book is arranged chronologically. The unprocessed bonds and oaths are neither listed nor physically arranged in any order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Bonds and oaths of county and State officials, Texas Secretary of State bonds and oaths. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1963/058, 1980/009, 1983/215, 2012/108
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Office of the Secretary of State on December 2, 1962; and on other unknown dates (a portion of these reaccessioned on January 31, 2012); and by the Statutory Documents Section of the Secretary of State on September 21, 1979; and May 29, 1983.
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Processing Information
Processed by State Archives staff, unknown dates
Card file index completed by State Archives staff, 1971
Finding aid encoded by Tony Black in EAD Version 2002 as part of the TARO project, October 2011
Strays and unprocessed records added by Tony Black, October 2011
Strays processed by Melanie Saegert and Tony Black, February 2012
Box
2-9/777 Abbott, A. C. thru Adkisson, John T.
Box
2-9/778 Agnew, J. B. thru Allen, W. T.
Box
2-9/779 Allgood, J. D. thru Angel, Thad T.
Box
2-9/780 Angel, T. F. thru Atkinson, G. A.
Box
2-9/781 Atkinson, H. N. thru Baird, P. C.
Box
2-9/782 Baites, F. M. thru Bardwell, H. G.
Box
2-9/783 Barfield, G. W. thru Batts, R. L.
Box
2-9/784 Baughman, F. M. thru Belk, A. S.
Box
2-9/785 Bell, C. K. thru Berry, T. D.
Box
2-9/786 Berryman, Frederick thru Black, G. S.
Box
2-9/787 Black, H. R. thru Bluntzer, John V.
Box
2-9/788 Board, A. L. thru Boswell, William A.
Box
2-9/789 Bosworth, T. P. thru Brady, E. W.
Box
2-9/790 Brady, John W. thru Brigance, Franklin
Box
2-9/791 Briggs, A. W. thru Brower, John D.
Box
2-9/792 Browman, George W. thru Brown, R. E.
Box
2-9/793 Brown, R. J. thru Brucks, Bernhard
Box
2-9/794 Bruce, Edwin thru Bullard, I. H.
Box
2-9/771 Bullins, J. A. thru Burns, C.
Box
2-9/772 Burns, D. S. thru Bywaters, Ban A.
Box
2-9/773 Cabanas, Raphael thru Campbell, John E.
Box
2-9/774 Campbell, L. D. thru Carson, Burch
Box
2-9/775 Carson, Cruise thru Chamberlin, Willard
Box
2-9/776 Chambers, A. J. thru Chester, August C.
Box
2-9/795 Chichester, W. S. thru Clarke, William F.
Box
2-9/796 Clarkson, E. D. thru Cockerham, T. E.
Box
2-9/797 Cockrell, J. V. thru Collier, H. T.
Box
2-9/798 Collier, J. F. thru Connerly, F. T.
Box
2-9/799 Connerly, R. H. thru Cornett, J. W.
Box
2-9/800 Cornibe, Ernest J. thru Craig, James
Box
2-9/801 Craig, John thru Crutchfield, Jasper J.
Box
2-9/802 Cuellar, Antonio M. thru Custin, Martin
Box
2-9/803 Dabney, Brice thru Davis, John T.
Box
2-9/804 Davis, John W. thru Decrow, Thomas
Box
2-9/805 Deen, J. R. thru Dexter, John F.
Box
2-9/806 Dial, A. A. thru Dixon, William
Box
2-9/807 Doak, C. H. thru Dozier, Ed
Box
2-9/808 Drake, Oren thru Dunnan, C. R.
Box
2-9/809 Dupree, Charles thru Dzink, Alex
Box
2-9/810 Eads, Homer thru Edwards, William H.
Box
2-9/811 Egan, John thru Emmons, A. J.
Box
2-9/812 Ellington, J. E. thru Ferguson, R. V.
[Note: There is alphabetical overlap with boxes 811 and 813.]
Box
2-9/813 Faddis, R. P. thru Fields, Leon W.
Box
2-9/814 Fields, R. R. thru Flinn, Enoch
Box
2-9/815 Floke, S. H. thru Fox, Wiley
Box
2-9/816 Francis, D. H. thru Furneau, William
Box
2-9/817 Gaffney, James O. thru Garrison, James G.
Box
2-9/818 Garside, Hugh thru Gibson, J. N.
Box
2-9/819 Gibson, J. P. thru Glass, John C.
Box
2-9/820 Glasscock, George W. thru Gorrey, T. J.
Box
2-9/821 Gose, John A. thru Graves, W. S.
Box
2-9/822 Gravis, C. K. thru Greenwood, T. B.
Box
2-9/823 Greer, D. D. thru Gross, John Jacob
Box
2-9/824 Groos, M. E. thru Hale, John J.
Box
2-9/825 Hale, Otho L. thru Hamon, A. O.
Box
2-9/826 Hampe, F. thru Harmon, J. E.
Box
2-9/827 Harn, A. D. thru Harris, Loring P.
Box
2-9/828 Harris, M. T. thru Hawkins, J. A.
Box
2-9/829 Hawkins, J. Em thru Henderson, William R.
Box
2-9/830 Hendrick, S. J. thru Hilgartner, H. L.
Box
2-9/831 Hill, A. B. thru Hill, W. W.
Box
2-9/832 Hillebrand, W. A. thru Holland, J. M.
Box
2-9/833 Holland, W. A. thru Hoskins, A. G.
Box
2-9/834 Hoskins, H. M. thru Hughes, A. L.
Box
2-9/835 Hughes, C. H. thru Hynson, H. C.
Box
2-9/836 Iglehart, D. T. thru Iwonski, L.
Box
2-9/837 Jack, William thru Jines, A. M.
Box
2-9/838 Jinkins, G. M. thru Johnson, N. N.
Box
2-9/839 Johnson, P. A. thru Jones, H. H.
Box
2-9/840 Jones, H. R. thru Justus, A. S.
Box
2-9/841 Kahn, S. L. thru Kennard, John H.
Box
2-9/842 Kennard, John R. thru King, James
Box
2-9/843 King, James thru Knight, L. H.
Box
2-9/844 Knight, Mark A. thru Kyser, George W.
Box
2-9/845 Laas, Henry thru Latham, Ben F.
Box
2-9/846 Latham, J. L. thru Leonard, John S.
Box
2-9/847 Leonard, John William thru Lisman, B. F.
Box
2-9/848 Litten, Mrs. Frank thru Lopez, Jose
Box
2-9/849 Lopez, Valentine J. thru Lytle, Francis
Box
2-9/850 McAdams, J. J. thru McCoppen, James
Box
2-9/851 McCord, F. J. thru McDonough, James S.
Box
2-9/852 McDougal, J. M. thru McGowen, W. C.
Box
2-9/853 McGreal, Patrick thru McKnight, Thomas
Box
2-9/854 McLain, A. D. thru McVillarreal, Jose
Box
2-9/855 Maas, Julius thru Manning, E. H.
Box
2-9/856 Manning, E. R. thru Marx, Fred C.
Box
2-9/857 Marx, Jose Eugenio thru Mayfield, J. C.
Box
2-9/858 Mayhan, John thru Meyer, Samuel
Box
2-9/859 Michael, T. B. thru Mitcham, W. F.
Box
2-9/860 Mitchell, A. B. thru Moore, J. M.
Box
2-9/861 Moore, J. T. thru Morris, P. T.
Box
2-9/862 Morris, Robert H. thru Moursund, A. W.
Box
2-9/863 Moury, W. H. thru Myrick, L. V.
Box
2-9/864 Nabors, T. J. thru Newcome, R. B.
Box
2-9/865 Newland, Ben thru Northington, K. V.
Box
2-9/866 Northington, M. W. thru Nye, W. M.
Box
2-9/867 Oates, A. E. thru Osborn, Gus
Box
2-9/868 Osborne, E. A. thru Ozment, M. M.
Box
2-9/869 Pabst, Fred C. thru Parsons, David H.
Box
2-9/870 Parsons, J. H. thru Peebles, A. J.
Box
2-9/871 Peek, J. N. thru Pfeuffer, Christopher
Box
2-9/872 Pfeuffer, George thru Plumlee, M. D.
Box
2-9/873 Plumly, B. Rush thru Potshinsky, F. K.
Box
2-9/874 Potter, S. B. thru Pyle, William H.
Box
2-9/875 Queen, R. L. thru Quintle, Laurent
Box
2-9/876 Rabb, J. B. thru Randolph, Cyrus
Box
2-9/877 Randolph, J. B. thru Reeves, S. R.
Box
2-9/878 Reeves, W. F. thru Richardson, Williard
Box
2-9/879 Richard, H. J. thru Roberts, Oliver C.
Box
2-9/880 Roberts, O. M. thru Robson, W. S.
Box
2-9/881 Roby, Andrew D. thru Rouse, William
Box
2-9/882 Rowe, D. J. thru Rzeppa, E.
Box
2-9/883 Sabel, Jabez B. thru Scale, E. C.
Box
2-9/884 Scales, Mrs. H. L. thru Scott, S. R.
Box
2-9/885 Scott, Samuel B. thru Shaw, James B.
Box
2-9/886 Shaw, R. B. thru Shuford, E. R.
Box
2-9/887 Shuford, P. T. thru Smith, Alfred D.
Box
2-9/888 Smith, A. F. thru Smoot, R. K.
Box
2-9/889 Smyth, A. P. thru Spotts, S. J.
Box
2-9/890 Spradling, R. W. thru Stell, Thomas M.
Box
2-9/891 Stemoff, Henry thru Steves, Ernest
Box
2-9/892 Stewart, B. F. thru Stewart, Willis
Box
2-9/893 Stickley, Vas thru Stublefield, John J.
Box
2-9/894 Stuckler, William thru Syers, W. H.
Box
2-9/895 Taber A. W. thru Taylor, Robert
Box
2-9/896 Taylor, S. C. thru Thomas, E. K.
Box
2-9/897 Thomas, Edward R. thru Timmins, J. W.
Box
2-9/898 Timmons, Calvin thru Towsey, Samuel A.
Box
2-9/899 Tracy, J. G. thru Troy, Dan
Box
2-9/905 Troyman, R. G. thru Turner, D. McNeil
Box
2-9/912 Turner, Ezekiel B. thru Tyman, R. G.
Box
2-9/900 Umbdenstock, William thru Voss, William M.
Box
2-9/901 Waalford, Joseph B. thru Walkup, J. W.
Box
2-9/902 Wall, G. W. thru Warren, J. R.
Box
2-9/903 Warren, Joseph thru Wells, J. H.
Box
2-9/904 Wells, J. P. thru White, J. C.
Box
2-9/906 White, J. D. thru Wilkinson, J. B.
Box
2-9/907 Wilkinson, J. P. thru Willis, William C.
Box
2-9/908 Wills, L. F. thru Witten S. C. H.
Box
2-9/909 Wofford, J. H. thru Woodyear, Jo
Box
2-9/910 Woofter, Newton J. thru Wyse, Charles D.
Box
2-9/911 Yandell, W. M. thru Zwitzers, George
Miscellaneous
Additional bonds and oaths, 1849-1908
[Note: More information about each file (such as office, city and/or county), is available through a spreadsheet accessible only to State Archives staff.]
Box
2012/108-1 Bardwell, H. G., 1883
Bardwell, H. G., 1884
Beall, J. C., and Moore, John L. 1885
Bremond, John, 1885
Brockman, C. T., 1882
Buckley, John, 1884
Collett, J. F., 1886
Craig, T. H., 1892
Cummings, J., 1887
Darden, Stephen H., 1883
Davie, W. R., 1908
Delany, W. S., 1883
Duck, G. W. M., 1864
Ethridge, J. W., 1870
Gilstrap, W. T., 1882
Gould, Robert L., 1855
Harrison, R.S.; Pitts, H.H.; and Sayers, Joseph D., 1879
Henry, Isaac H., 1874
Herndon, C. E., 1891
Herrea, Manuel C., 1864
Laurence, Randolph, 1883
Magoffin, Joseph, 1871
McClarty, John, 1865
McCoppin, James, 1871
McGary, Austin, 1876
McGee, Thomas, 1894
McMichael, Griffin C., 1870
Merriman, Eli T., 1849
Moore, John L. (SEE Beall, J. C.), 1885
Oliphint, H. C., 1865
Peters, Jonathan, 1871
Pitts, H.H. (SEE Harrison, R.S.), 1879
Pressler, F., 1871
Robertson, Orrin, 1886
Robinson, S. A., 1896
Roy, C. E., 1886
Royston, Martin H., 1883
Sains, Camila, 1866
Sayers, Joseph D. (SEE Harrison, R.S.), 1879
Sherman, Leverett, 1871
Slocum, Mortimer, 1869
[iron-clad oath]
Smith, William J., 1866
Stevens, Joseph, 1863
Terry, William P., 1876
Tompkins, A. N. B., 1871
Williams, Francis, 1871
Williams, H. G., 1878
Wilson, Alexander T., 1876
Wren, William, 1860
Box
4-16/162A Bonds register, 1846-1855
[The register gives the following information, county by county: county, year, name of officer, names of securities, date of bond, amount, and remarks.]
Volume
2-7/424 Bonds and oaths letter book, 1882-1897
Box
2-10/816 Unprocessed bonds and oaths, 1917-1919
[These records consist of bonds, oaths, appointment letters, and cover letters, dating 1917-1919. The bulk of the officials in this group are state bank examiners, but there are also members of the State Highway Commission, Textbook Commission, Locating Board for State Home for Lepers, State Council of Defense, Board of Managers for Hospital for the Negro Insane, Grubb Vocational College, and Clayton Vocational Institute Commission. Most of the folders contain multiple appointees, so the inventory below is to agency rather than to the individual.]
Locating Board for State Home for Lepers, 1918
State Highway Commission, 1917-1919
State Council of Defense, 1917-1918
Grubb Vocational College, 1917
Texas State Textbook Commission, 1918-1919
Board of Managers for Hospital for the Negro Insane, 1917
Clayton Vocational Institute Commission, 1919
State Bank Examiners, 1917-1918
[wallet]



 

Reconstruction oaths, 1866-1873, bulk 1870-1873,
0.5 cubic ft.

Oaths are sworn and filed by public officials to assure their loyalty to the government, and their promise to uphold the duties of the office. The years of Reconstruction following the Civil War involved two different kinds of oaths, the "test oath" (also called the "iron-clad oath"), and a simpler loyalty oath involving the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. An explanation of each follows.
Special Order 66, from Headquarters (HQ), District of Texas, dated April 15, 1867, suspended all elections by civil authorities in Texas. Although the governor was allowed to continue to make appointments in the Executive Department of the State (so long as he notified the Headquarters of the Military District), any appointments to offices previously filled by election would thenceforth be made by the HQ of the 5th Military District. Announcements of these appointments, which included county and municipal offices, were then made by Special Orders from the HQ of the 5th Military District, which stated that "the appointee will forward to this Headquarters the oath prescribed by act of Congress approved July 2, 1862." This oath, found in U.S. Statutes at Large, 37th Congress, Session II, Chapter 128, 1862, is the "iron-clad oath," stating in part "that I have never voluntarily borne arms against the United States...; that I have voluntarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, or encouragement to persons engaged in armed hostility thereto...", etc. That this procedure was followed in Texas is verified by a letter from the Office of the Secretary of Civil Affairs, Headquarters, 5th Military District, to the Secretary of State of Texas, dated March 1869. The last such Special Order of appointment to civil office is dated April 16, 1870, which was also the date civil authority was returned to the State, ending congressional Reconstruction and beginning radical rule.
The second kind of oath dominated the period of radical Republican rule in Texas, under Governor Edmund J. Davis, 1870-1873. It stated, among other things, "that I am not disqualified from holding office under the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States; (or as the case may be, my disability to hold office...has been removed by Act of Congress)." The reference to 14th Amendment disqualification is made clear by a third kind of oath, one of which was found dated April 29, 1870: "that I have never taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof."
These records consist of signed oaths, plus one bond and a couple of appointment letters / notices of filing of oath of office, dating 1866-1873, bulk 1870-1873. There are files for more than 500 officials, most of them at the municipal or county level.
Additional Reconstruction oaths (including some for individuals listed below) are found in the series Bonds and oaths of county and State officials, 1846-1920. These have been determined not to be duplicated by each series; the list below is provided because they are not represented in the card-file index in the Archives search room.
Note: More information about each file (such as office, city and/or county), is available through a spreadsheet accessible only to State Archives staff.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by last name of the person. Although listed individually here, the oaths are filed in small groups, with the folder label giving first and last entries in the folder.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reconstruction oaths, Texas Secretary of State bonds and oaths. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2012/108
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Secretary of State on unknown dates (reaccessioned on January 31, 2012).
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Processing Information
Discovered by Tony Black among unprocessed records of the Texas Adjutant General's Department, but determined to be part of Secretary of State bonds and oaths, November 1986
Processed by Melanie Saegert and Tony Black, February 2012
Box
2012/108-2 Able, J.S., 1872
Adams, J.J., 1872
Adams, S.P., 1872
Adams, Thomas, 1872
Adams, William, 1871
Adams, William B., 1871
Adkins, Randal, 1870
Ahrenbeck, Daniel, 1871
Alexander, Henry, 1871
Alexander, J.M., 1872
Alexander, W.F., 1872
Allen, Albert, 1872
Allen, John W., 1870
Allen, Thomas, 1871
Almond, Joseph, 1870
Anderson, James, 1870
Anderson, W.J., 1872
Andrews, Richard, 1872
Anschicks, Conrad, 1872
Arndt, Charles E., 1872
Arndt, Charles, 1870
Atkins, G.F., 1870
Austin, Edward T., 1870
Austin, William H., 1873
Baker, Thomas, 1871
Ballauf, R., 1872
Ballinger, Henry, 1870
Bankhead, R.M., 1871
Barbour, John M., 1870
Barmore, D.C., 1872
Barron, S.B., 1872
Barton, John, 1871
Bates, Morris F., 1870
Bauer, Frederick, 1871
Beaton, Alexander, 1872
Beetley, S.Z.J., 1872
Belk, A.S., 1870
Belk, A.S., 1872
Bell, Mathew, 1871
Bellefeuille, L.J.R., 1870
Bellefeuille, L.J.R., 1872
Bellows, John T., 1872
Benners, Henry D., 1872
Bennett, J.A., 1871
Berleth, Henry, 1872
Bianchini, Raphael, 1872
Bickford, C.C., 1872
Bickford, J.M., 1870
Biddy, Jasper, 1872
Binford, R.A., 1871
Blackwood, Custis, 1870
Blanchett, W.G., 1872
Blocker, William, 1870
Blount, John H., 1872
Bolles, C.E., 1872
Bookman, J.J. Jr., 1872
Boykin, Mastin, 1870, 1872
Bozman, R.M., 1871
Bradfield, J.G., 1871
Brandice, C.E., 1872
Brandice, Charles E., 1872
Branton, Arnold, 1870
Bratcher, William P., 1871
Braubach, P. (substituted for Brackenridge, G.W.), 1867
Brauner, J.K., 1870
Bridges, Edward L., 1872
Briggs, Elias, 1871, 1872
Briggs, Elias, and Brown, E.Y. 1872
Bright, B.W., 1872
Bright, R.W., 1870
Bristow, Benjamin W., 1872
Brooke, John C., 1870
Brooks, W.W., 1872
Brown, David, 1872
Brown, E.G., 1871, 1872
Brown, J.M., 1871
Brown, James, 1871
Brown, John, 1870
Brown, Peter, 1872
Brown, Wilfred (or Wilferd), 1870, 1872
Bryan, Alf, 1871
Bryan, Alfred, 1872
Bryant, T.G., 1870
Buchanan, John, 1872
Burch, Alf A., 1871
Burch, Jack, 1870-1871
Burch, William, 1872
Burges, William, 1872
Burgess, Alfred, 1870
Burgis, Alfred, 1870
Burks, Joshua, 1870
Burks, Joshua, 1872
Burleson, Aaron, 1870
Burns, Eldon, 1870
Burns, Reason, 1870
Burns, T.A., 1870
Burton, John S., 1872
Burton, John, 1872
Busch, Louis A., 1870
Butler, Ned, 1872
Butler, T.M., 1871
Campbell, T.E., 1872
Cooke, Mark, 1871
Cowen, Willis, 1871
Crow, W.J., 1872
Culbreath, William L., 1867
[iron-clad oath]
Day, R.F., 1870
Derrington, F.W., 1872
Douglass, E.E., 1871
Eubank, Cyrus, 1871
Goldbeck, Friedrick, 1867
[iron-clad oath]
Gordon, John A., 1872
Grigsby, John P., 1872
Halley, R.B., 1873
[election return and bond, as well as oath of office]
Harris, George T., 1871
Helmecke, F., 1870
Hogan, J.L., 1870
Hopkins, D.S., 1869
[appointment letter and notice of filing of oath of office]
Huth, C., 1870
Jenkins, William E., 1870
Jenkins, W.E., 1871
Jones, John E., 1872
Keese, James E., 1870
Kegley, Sam, 1871
Kegley, Sam, 1872
Kellam, Henry, 1870
Kempton, A.W., 1871
Kilpatrick, Mattis, 1872
Kinney, R.D., 1867
[iron-clad oath]
Kinney, R.D., 1870
Kleinert, C., 1870
Knight, Rubin, 1872
Kopperl, M., 1871
Kraege, A., 1871
Kreisle, M., 1870
Kremer, J.P., 1872
Kuhne, Ferdinand F., 1870
Lane, J.C., 1870
Latchem, John, 1870
Lewis, T.D., 1872
Lewis, William R., 1871
Liles, J.T., 1872
Lillard, W.C., 1872
Lindenburg, F., 1872
London, Matt, 1870
Lopez, Evanisto, 1870
Lott, U., 1872
Lyons, Christopher, 1870
Lyons, Christopher, 1871
McAshan, P.Y., 1870
McCarty, Thomas, 1871
McCarty, Thomas, 1872
[telegram]
McCarty, Thomas, 1872
[2 oaths]
McClay, Henry, 1872
McConnell, James, 1870
MacCormack, H., 1871
MacCormack, H., 1872
McCormick, William, 1871
McCoy, John, 1871
McGuire, Francis W., 1870
McGuire, James, 1870
McHugh, T., 1870
McIntosh, David, 1872
McKee, Alexander, 1870
McKeown, James, 1870
McKinney, A.T., 1870
McMurray, Hiram, 1870
McMurray, John, 1872
McNeely, James, 1870
McNeely, W.H., 1872
[2 oaths]
McNeil, William J., 1871
McNutt, J.W., 1870
Madison, James, 1871
Mahavier, Valentine, 1872
Malloy, A.G., 1870
Mangum, Joseph, 1870
Mantooth, Calvin, 1870
Marshall, A.A., 1872
Marshall, William, 1871
Martin, Ernst, 1872
Martin, J.E., 1870
Martin, James, 1872
Martin, R.B., 1872
Martin, Thomas, 1870
Martines, Proceso, 1871
Martines, Proceso, 1872
Mason, Nelson (freedman), 1870
Mason, Nelson, 1870
Mason, Sanford, 1870
Matthaei, C.A., 1872
Matthew, David, 1872
Matthews, Charles, 1872
Mattox, J.M., 1872
Mayer, John C., 1870
Mayfield, Joseph E., 1872
Maynard, T.W., 1872
Mead, James H., 1871
Melton, U.P., 1870
Methoin, L.T., 1872
Michaux, W.O., 1871
Milam, B.R., 1872
Miller, Ferdinand, 1871
Miller, Joseph, 1872
Miller, Joseph F., 1870
Miller, S.H., 1872
Miller, T.L., 1870
Miller, William, 1871
Miller, William A., 1870
Milliken, James H., 1871
Milliken, James H., 1872
[2 oaths]
Mills, Fed, 1871
Mills, Fred, 1871
Minnigan, C.C., 1872
Mitchell, Alexander G., 1870
Montgomery, J.R., 1870
Montgomery, J.S., 1872
Montier, David, 1870
Montier, David, 1872
Moore, C.F., 1871
Moore, H.A., 1871
[2 oaths]
Moore, J.L., 1872
Morgan, Joseph, 1870
Morgan, Joseph, 1871
Morris, H., 1872
Moseley, D.H., 1871
Mosely, George, 1872
Moses, J.W., 1872
Mounts, Joseph H., 1870
Mounts, Joseph H., 1872
Mounts, William H., 1871
Muckleroy, R., 1872
Mumford, Abraham, 1870
Murray, A.J., 1870
Musgrave, Calvin, 1870
Musgrave, Calvin, 1872
Myers, Samuel, 1872
Napier, E.H., 1871
Napier, John B., 1872
Nash, R.S., 1872
[2 oaths]
Neill, G.H., 1871
Newman, J.W., 1872
Nicholson, James, 1872
Oates, M.A., 1871
Odell, David W., 1871
Odiorne, James, 1871
Odiorne, James, 1872
Odom, J.W., 1870
Odom, J.W., 1872
Oliphant, A.M., 1870
Oliphint, H.C., 1871
Orr, John, 1870
Overstreet, Claiborne, 1870
Owen, John H., 1871
Owens, John G., 1870
Ozment, J.W., 1871
Page, S.N., 1870
Pahl, Henry, 1870
Pahl, Henry, 1871
Pahl, Henry, 1872
Palm, Henry, 1872
Park, J.B., 1872
Parker, H.H., 1872
Parker, William E., 1871
Parks, J.W., 1870
Patrick, J.H., 1871
Patten, Nathan, 1871
Payton, W.H., 1871
Payton, W.H., 1872
Peacock, John A., 1871
Pearce, Benjamin W., 1870
Peay, R.W., 1872
Peevy, William D., 1872
Pendarois, Caleb, 1870
Penn, R.R., 1870
Perkins, Henry, 1871
Perkins, Henry, 1872
Perkins, J.W., 1870
Perrenot, E.A., 1872
Perry, James S., 1870
Peverly, B.H., 1872
Philips, James, 1872
Phillips, W.L., 1870
Pierson, Henderson, 1870
Polk, John A., 1872
Ponder, J.R., 1871
Pool, W.C., 1872
Preiss, Balthasar, 1870
Price, F.L., 1871
Pryor, R.N., 1872
Purnell, Robert, 1870
Ramon, George, 1870
Ramshay, John, 1870
Rankin, Henry L., 1871
Ray, W.N., 1872
Real, Caspar, 1870
Rector, Amos, 1872
Reed, James P., 1870
Reed, Johnson, 1871
Rehm, Albert W., 1870
Reid, Warren, 1870
Reinhardt, J.J., 1871
Remish, Louis, 1872
Rhodes, Thadeus M., 1870
Ribble, H.H., 1870
Ricerson, Lewis, 1870
Richards, Thomas, 1872
Richards, William, 1872
Richardson, Mack, 1872
Richardson, Robert, 1870
Richart, F., 1870
Riddle, Elam, 1871
Riddle, J.G., 1872
Riley, Allen W., 1871
Ripetoe, Walter, 1870
[2 oaths]
Riptoe, Walter, 1872
Rivers, James, 1870
Roberts, J.H., 1870
Roberts, W.W., 1871
Robertson, T.D., 1870
Robie, George F., 1872
Robinson, Robert, 1871
Rodgers, Jesse, 1870
[2 oaths]
Rodgers, S., 1871
Rodriguez, Jose M., 1870
Rogers, Elijah, 1871
Rogers, Irvine, 1870
Rogers, J.H., 1870
Rogers, John H., 1870
Rogers, Wallace, 1870
Rose, A.J., 1871
Rosenberg, H., 1871
Ross, G.T., 1870
Ross, Jack, 1872
Ross, John H., 1872
Ross, Robert S., 1871
Ross, Theodore, 1871
Ross, W.J., 1872
Rowley, Joseph F., 1871
Rowley, Joseph F., 1872
Rudorf, Casimir, 1872
Ruffian, Norman, 1870
Russell, H.H., 1870
Russell, William R., 1871
Rutherford, J.R., 1872
Ryan, Joseph D., 1870
Ryan, Joseph D., 1872
Salinas, Clemente, 1870
Sampson, George W., 1866
Sanders, A.M., 1872
Sandifer, J.S., 1871
Saunders, L.D., 1870
Schadwitz, Edward, 1870
Schaefer, C.V., 1870
Schafer, C.V., 1870
Schafer, George W., 1871
Schefsky, C.R., 1870
Schermack, G., 1870
Schlottman, L., 1871
Schmeidler, Isaac, 1870
Schmeidler, I., 1872
[2 oaths]
Schmidtke, Charles, 1870
Schmidt, Fredrick, 1871
Schoolcraft, John, 1870
Schoolcraft, John, 1872
Schwartz, E., 1872
Scott, Alex, 1871
Scudder, Sydney, 1872
Sealy, John, 1871
Seeligson, Edward, 1870
Seidel, Robert, 1871
Sentell, John B., 1872
Shaw, James M., 1872
Shaw, P.T., 1871
Shell, John, 1871
Shelley, Jonathan C., 1872
Shuler, M.L., 1871
Shwartz, E., 1870
Simmons, Noah, 1872
Simpson, W.N., 1872
Singleton, Mason, 1871
Skaggs, Henry E., 1870
Skeen, W.P., 1871
Skeen, William P., 1872
Slocum, Mortimer, 1870
Sluder, E.J., 1870
Smith, J. Lyle, 1871
Smith, J.M., 1871
Smith, Orange D., 1872
[2 oaths]
Smith, R.D., 1872
Smith, Samuel H., 1872
Smith, W.H., 1871
Smith, W.W., 1870
Somerville, Albert, 1871
Spencer, George, 1872
Splitgerber, Oscar, 1871
Stacey, George H., 1871
Stark, John T., 1872
Steele, A., 1872
Steele, A.L., 1870
Steele, A.L., 1871
Steinle, H.W., 1870
Stevens, C.G., 1871
Stewart, Greenbury, 1872
Stinson, Samuel, 1870
Stirman, V.I., 1871
Stokes, Josiah H., 1867
[iron-clad oath]
Stork, E.B., 1872
Story, F.M., 1870
Stroube, George, 1872
Stroud, A.D., 1872
Stuart, Hamilton, 1871
Sullivan, D.O., 1872
Sullivan, Wash, 1871
Sumner, Fred W., 1870
Sweet, Alex E., 1872
Talbot, E.W., 1871
Talbot, E.W., 1872
Talbot, Joseph W., 1871
Talbot, Richard E., 1871
Talley, Thomas J., 1872
Tate, William, 1870
Tate, William, 1871
Tatem, Howell, 1872
Taylor, H.M., 1871
Taylor, J.B., 1871
Taylor, Murfrey, 1872
Taylor, R. Melvin, 1870
Taylor, R.M., 1871
Teague, J.H., 1870
Terrell, T.P., 1872
Tevis, W.H., 1870
Thayer, Charles K., 1871
Thielepape, William C.A., 1867, 1869
[appointment letter and notice of filing of oath of office]
Thielepape, William C.A., 1870
Thomas, Jackson, 1872
Thomas, William, 1871
Thompson, Plato, 1870
Thurmond, A.S., 1872
Thurmond, Israel S., 1872
Tilden, Silas, 1870
Tipton, T.D., 1870
Tomlinson, A.A., 1871
Turner, D.H., 1871
Turner, John L., 1872
Turner, T.H., 1872
Tusten, Frank E., 1872
Upton, E.P., 1872
Upton, E.P., 1867
[iron-clad oath]
Urban, W.W., 1871
Uribe, Fernando, 1871
Van Dyne, Robert C., 1872
Varner, 187_
[letter, with blank oath form]
Vogelsang, E., 1870
Vogt, Charles, 1871
Wages, William, 1870
Waldron, S.A., 1870
Walker, George W., 1871
Walker, N.S., 1872
Walker, Peter, 1870
Walker, Richard, 1870
Walker, T.J., 1871
Warren, J.A., 1870
Warren, J.A., 1872
Washington, George, 1870
Waters, Clem R., 1870
Waters, Clem R., 1871
Waters, F.A., 1871
Watts, J.F., 1871
Webber, Samuel, 1870
Weidenmueller, Charles, 1872
Welch, Horace, 1871
Welch, John H., 1870
Welch, Stanley, 1870
Weldon, V., 1870
West, G. Russell, 1872
Wheeler, Frank, 1872
Wheeler, J.E., 1870
Wheeler, J.W., 1870
[2 oaths]
White, Henry K., 1872
White, J.L., 1872
White, R. Newton, 1872
White, R.N., 1872
Whitmore, G.S., 1872
Wiggins, John T., 1872
Wigginton, A.M., Jr., 1871
Williams, J.K., 1872
Williams, Jack, 1872
[2 oaths]
Williams, L.W., 1870
Williams, N.H., 1871
Williams, Stephen G., 1871
Willis, Shadrick, 1870
Willson, W.U., 1870
Willson, W.U., 1872
Wilson, A.T., 1871
Wilson, Alex, 1872
Wilson, J.N., 1871
Wilson, J.N., 1872
Wilson, John H., 1871
Wilson, Peter, 1870
Wilson, Peter, 1872
Winn, Charles W., 1870
Winn, John A., 1871
Woodlief, T.C., 1870
Woodlief, T.C., 1872
Woods, Caloway, 1870
Woodward, Robert, 1870
Yates, John H., 1872
Young, D.D., 1870
Zadek, A.A., 1871
Zadek, Adolph Sr., 1872
[2 oaths]
Zadow, F.W., 1871
Zedler, Frederick, 1871