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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

State Board of Education minutes and agenda, 1950-2005,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas State Board of Education:

An Inventory of State Board of Education Minutes and Agenda at the Texas State Archives, 1950-2005



Overview

Creator: Texas. State Board of Education.
Title: State Board of Education minutes and agenda
Dates: 1950-2005
Abstract: The Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) is the policy-making body of the Texas Education Agency (TEA), which coordinates all public educational activities and services except those of colleges and universities. The SBOE approves the plan of organization for TEA; adopts policies, rules, and regulations; approves budgets; executes contracts for the purchase of textbooks and instructional materials as recommended by the commissioner; directs the investment of the Permanent School Fund; passes on appeals made from the decisions of the commissioner; reviews the educational needs of the state; and evaluates programs under the direction of TEA. These functions are well-documented by these records, which consist of copies of agenda packets, minutes, and attachments for meetings of the Texas State Board of Education and its committees, dating 1950-2005.
Quantity: 33.5 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

The Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) is the policy-making body of the Texas Education Agency (TEA), which coordinates all public educational activities and services except those of colleges and universities. TEA's organizational goals are to improve the effectiveness of school teachers and administrators; to enhance educational programs for students; to provide funding to local districts while ensuring proper use of state and federal funds; to conduct educational research; to develop and administer student and teacher testing programs; and to provide useful information bases. The SBOE approves, on the recommendation of the commissioner of education, the plan of organization; adopts policies, rules, and regulations; approves budgets; executes contracts for the purchase of textbooks and instructional materials as recommended by the commissioner; directs the investment of the Permanent School Fund; passes on appeals made from the decisions of the commissioner; reviews the educational needs of the state; and evaluates programs under the direction of TEA.

The first ex-officio Board of Education was created by the Texas Constitution of 1866, Article X, Section 10, and consisted of the Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, and Superintendent of Public Education. Its composition was changed by the Texas Constitution of 1876, Article VII, Section 8, to include the Texas Governor, Secretary of State, and Comptroller of Public Accounts, "who shall distribute said funds to the several counties and perform such other duties concerning public schools as may be prescribed by law." An elective office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction was established in 1884 (Substitute Senate Bills 32 and 44, 18th Texas Legislature, Special Session). In 1905 (Senate Bill 218, 29th Texas Legislature, Regular Session) the State Superintendent of Public Instruction was designated as ex-officio secretary to the three member State Board of Education.

The Texas Constitution, Article VII, Section 8, was amended by the election of November 6, 1928, to read: "The Legislature shall provide by law for a State Board of Education, whose members shall be appointed or elected in such manner and by such authority and shall serve for such terms as the Legislature shall prescribe not to exceed six years. The said board shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by law." In 1929 (Senate Bill 13, 41st Texas Legislature, 1st Called Session; and House Bill 79, 41st Texas Legislature, 2nd Called Session), this newly constituted board was created, composed of nine members appointed by the governor for six-year terms. It superseded the earlier ex-officio board.

In 1949, the Texas Legislature (Senate Bill 115, 51st Texas Legislature, Regular Session), reorganized state management of public education in Texas. It abolished the appointive nine-member State Board of Education, and also the elective office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction. In their place, this law created a central education agency composed of an elected 21-member State Board of Education (SBOE); a State Commissioner of Education selected by the board; and agency staff of a State Department of Education--soon called the Texas Education Agency (TEA). The 21 members of the SBOE were elected for staggered six-year terms, with one member being elected from each congressional district of the state "as they now exist and as they shall be changed from time to time." In 1969 (House Bill 534, 61st Texas Legislature, Regular Session), the description of these districts was amended to read: "The State Board of Education shall be composed of 21 members, one elected from each of the educational districts, whose boundaries are coterminous with the congressional districts as constituted in 1949." But when the congressional districts were increased to 24 as a result of redistricting in 1971 (Senate Bill 1, 62nd Texas Legislature, 1st Called Session), the number of SBOE members was also raised (Senate Bill 2): "The State Board of Education is composed of one member elected from each congressional district established by law."

In 1984 (House Bill 72, 68th Texas Legislature, 2nd Called Session) specific State Board of Education districts were created, and the SBOE was reduced to 15 members, one member elected from each newly constituted SBOE district, for overlapping four-year terms. The commissioner of education is nominated by the board and appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate for a four-year term. That same legislation also established the Legislative Education Board to oversee the implementation of state-mandated education reforms and to set public education policy, which TEA and the State Board of Education implement.

In 1995 (Senate Bill 1, 74th Texas Legislature, Regular Session) the legislature, among other changes in education, established the Texas State Board of Education as an entity separate and apart from the Texas Education Agency, although SBOE is still considered the policymaking board for TEA. This law also created a new body, the Texas State Board for Educator Certification.

The Texas State Board of Education is also designated as the Texas State Board for Career and Technology Education (formerly called the Texas State Board for Vocational Education).

To recap, there are the following stages in its existence:

(1866-1876) three-member ex-officio SBOE;
(1876-1929) different three-member ex-officio SBOE;
(1929-1949) nine-member SBOE appointed by governor;
(1949-1971) 21-member SBOE, elected from congressional districts;
(1971-1984) 24-member SBOE, elected from congressional districts;
(1984-1995) 15-member SBOE, elected from SBOE districts;
(1995-ongoing) 15-member SBOE, elected from SBOE districts, and distinct from TEA but still governing TEA.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 4th edition (1972) and 11th edition (2001); the article on "Texas Education Agency" by Dick Smith and Richard Allen Burns in the New Handbook of Texas online; the agency web site (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/sboe/) (both websites accessed January 2007); Texas Constitution, Article VII, Section 8; V.T.C.A., Government Code, Sections 7.101 thru 7.104; and the enabling legislation, 1876, 1905, 1929, 1949, 1969, 1971, 1984, 1995.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) is the policy-making body of the Texas Education Agency (TEA), which coordinates all public educational activities and services except those of colleges and universities. The SBOE approves the plan of organization for TEA; adopts policies, rules, and regulations; approves budgets; executes contracts for the purchase of textbooks and instructional materials as recommended by the commissioner; directs the investment of the Permanent School Fund; passes on appeals made from the decisions of the commissioner; reviews the educational needs of the state; and evaluates programs under the direction of TEA. These functions are well-documented by the minutes and agenda.

These records consist of copies of agenda packets, minutes, plus attachments for meetings of the Texas State Board of Education and its committees, dating 1950-2005. Typically (especially for later years) the agenda packets and the minutes are bound separately, and are both quite detailed. Often loose (unbound) are the official schedule and agendas for the board and its committees, for a month's meetings. The agenda packets contain slightly fuller itemized agendas for the board and its committees, with a column indicating the page numbers of the accompanying exhibits (texts of proposed and approved rules and regulations, committee reports (both narrative and statistical) with attachments, correspondence, resolutions, petitions, school board trustee applications and resumes, budgets, financial documents (e.g. Permanent School Fund securities lending activities), requests for proposals, summaries of legislation, etc.). The minutes packets contain copies of detailed minutes for the board and its committees, plus attachments. Especially in the earlier years, the minutes include those of the Texas State Board of Vocational Education (which is--ex-officio--the State Board of Education).

Committees of the State Board of Education have varied over the years; they have included, but are not restricted to, the following: Committee on Rules, Budget, and Finance; Committee on Special Populations; Committee on Vocational Education and High Technology; Committee on Instruction, Research, and Evaluation; Committee on Investment of the Permanent School Fund; Committee on Teacher Preparation, Support Services, and Litigation/Appeals; Committee on Internal Rules; Committee on Personnel; Committee on Long-Range Planning; Committee on Finance and Program; Committee on Students; Committee on Planning; Committee on Instruction; Committee on School Finance; Committee on Permanent School Fund; Committee on School Finance/Permanent School Fund; etc.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.

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Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged by State Archives staff chronologically by meeting date.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room (Room 100). Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas Education Agency.
Texas. State Board for Vocational Education.
Texas. State Dept. of Education.
Permanent School Fund (Texas).
Subjects:
Investment of public funds--Texas.
Textbooks--Texas.
Public schools--Texas.
Education--Texas.
Vocational education--Texas.
Education--Aims and objectives--Texas.
Document Types:
Minutes--Texas--Education--1950-2005.
Agendas--Texas--Education--1950-2005.
Functions:
Planning education needs.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Education Agency, Records, 1923-1978, bulk 1933-1970, 2.8 cubic ft.
Texas Council on Vocational Education records, 1969-1993, 1.25 cubic ft.
Texas State Board for Educator Certification records, 1996-1998, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Commission on Standards for the Teaching Profession minutes and agenda, 1981-1993, 1.5 cubic ft.
Teachers' Professional Practices Commission of Texas, Minutes, 1970-1977, 1980, 0.1 cubic ft. [There is no finding aid available for these unprocessed records. Call number is 2006/326.]
Texas Legislative Education Board, Minutes, 1988, fractional [There is no finding aid available for these unprocessed records. Call number is 2004/181.]
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Public Education, Records, 1982-1992, bulk 1988-1992, 42 cubic ft. [restricted]
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Public Education, Minutes and witness affirmations, 1969-1971 [restricted]
Texas Legislature, Senate, Committee on Education, Minutes, 1977-1979 [restricted]
Texas Legislature, Senate, Committee on Education, Records, 1972-1993, bulk 1983-1992, 131 cubic ft. [restricted]
Texas Legislative Reference Library, Education budget requests, 1980-1984, 14 cubic ft.
Texas Governor George W. Bush, Senior Advisor's Office records, 1948, 1964-1965, 1978, 1980-1983, 1986-2000, undated, bulk 1995-2000, 88 cubic ft. [restricted. Has links to Education issues files, etc.]
Texas Secretary of State election materials, 1909, 1913, 1936, 1940-1984, 84.47 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State redistricting plans, 1981-1982, 1991-1993, 0.71 cubic ft.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas State Board of Education minutes and agenda. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1998/130, 2002/139, 2004/209, 2005/068, 2006/346, 2007/092

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas State Board of Education on May 26, 1998; May 31, 2002; and December 20, 2004; by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on July 19, 2004; and April 7, 2006; and by the Texas Legislative Council on January 29, 2007.

Processing Information

Tony Black, May 1998, April 2006, January 2007

Other Formats for the Records

The Texas State Board of Education posts its minutes (in HTML format for the most recent, in Microsoft Word format for earlier ones) on the Texas Education Agency web site (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/sboe/minutes/sboe/index.html). The Board has also posted committee meeting minutes (in PDF format for the most recent, in Microsoft Word format for earlier ones) on the agency web site (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/sboe/minutes/committees/index.html). As of January 2007, the minutes posted go back as early as February 2004. In addition, an "archive" (going back to 1998 as of January 2007) of SBOE meeting schedules and agenda (in HTML format) is posted on the agency web site (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/sboe/schedule/archive.html), with more recent meeting schedules and agenda (in HTML format) at (http://www.tea.state.tx.us/sboe/schedule/index.html).

Location of Originals

The record copies of minutes and agenda are maintained by the Texas State Board of Education.

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

State Board of Education minutes and agenda, 1950-2005,
33.5 cubic ft.

Box
1998/130-1 July 1950 thru July 1954
Box
1998/130-2 September 1954 thru March 1959
Box
1998/130-3 April 1959 thru July 1963
Box
1998/130-4 September 1963 thru June 1967
Box
1998/130-5 July 1967 thru May 1970
Box
1998/130-6 June 1970 thru July 1972
Box
1998/130-7 September 1972 thru July 1974
Box
1998/130-8 July 1974 thru September 1976
Box
1998/130-9 October 1976 thru May 1979
Box
1998/130-10 June 1979 thru July 1980
Box
1998/130-11 September 1980 thru May 1982
Box
1998/130-12 June 1982 thru February 1984
Box
1998/130-13 March 1984 thru March 1985
Box
1998/130-14 March 1985 thru March 1986
Box
1998/130-15 April 1986 thru January 1987
Box
1998/130-16 February 1987 thru January 1988
Box
1998/130-17 February 1988 thru October 1988
Box
1998/130-18 October 1988 thru June 1989
Box
1998/130-19 July 1989 thru May 1990
Box
1998/130-20 June thru November 1990 and October 1991
Box
2004/209-1 January thru April 1991
Box
2004/209-2 May 1991 thru January 1992
Box
2004/209-3 February thru September 1992
Box
2004/209-4 October 1992 thru April 1993
Box
2004/209-5 May 1993 thru February 1994
Box
2004/209-6 March 1994 thru January 1995
Box
2004/209-7 February thru November 1995
Box
2004/209-8 January thru November 1996
Box
2004/209-9 January 1997 thru May 1998
Box
2004/209-10 July thru November 1998
Box
2007/092-1 January 1999 thru May 2000 (agenda)
Box
2007/092-2 May 2000 (minutes) thru September 2001
Box
2007/092-3 November 2001 thru April 2003
Box
2007/092-4 July 2003 thru February 2005

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