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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Texas applications for special pardons, 1865-1867,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

An Inventory of Texas Applications for Special Pardons at the Texas State Archives, 1865-1867



Overview

Title: Texas applications for special pardons
Dates: 1865-1867
Abstract: In an Executive Proclamation dated May 29, 1865, U.S. President Andrew Johnson issued a General Amnesty, which pardoned most ordinary citizens of the former Confederate States of America. Anyone who fell within one or more of the exceptions to the General Amnesty could take an Oath of Amnesty as a preliminary step to his application to the President for Special Pardon. These records are applications of Texans for special pardons, and consist of envelopes, letters, and petitions, occasionally accompanied by an oath of amnesty or a certificate of oath of amnesty, dated 1865-1867. The individuals involved were requesting special pardons for alleged disloyalty during the Civil War, referring mainly to either the 1st or the 13th Exception (to the General Amnesty). The letters and petitions were written by the applicants themselves, as well as by persons vouching for the applicants, and were addressed to either Governor A. J. Hamilton (June 1865-June 1866) or Governor J. W. Throckmorton (June 1866-July 1867). If the Governor recommended a special pardon, the application would then be forwarded to U.S. President Andrew Johnson. In several cases, the files include additional letters addressed to President Johnson. Most files contain the envelope, and in many cases only the envelope, which lists the history of the application, including its recommendation or disposition.
Quantity: 3 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

In an Executive Proclamation dated May 29, 1865 (see link to this document at http://itw.sewanee.edu/reconstruction/html/docs/andrewj.html, accessed December 5, 2005), President Andrew Johnson issued a General Amnesty, which pardoned most ordinary citizens of the former Confederate States of America. Persons excluded from this blanket amnesty included: anyone who had held an office under a rebellious state or under the Confederacy, whether civilian (1st exception) or military (3rd exception); anyone under arrest or bond (12th exception); anyone who voluntarily participated in the rebellion and whose taxable property had an estimated value of $20,000 or more (13th exception), etc. Anyone who fell within one or more of the exceptions to the General Amnesty could take an Oath of Amnesty as a preliminary step to his application to the President for Special Pardon. By the Oath of Amnesty the applicant swore to "henceforth faithfully defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of the States thereunder," and to "abide by and faithfully support all laws and proclamations which have been made during the existing rebellion, with reference to the emancipation of slaves."

Texas letters and petitions for a special pardon were written by the applicants themselves, as well as by persons vouching for the applicants, and were addressed to the Provisional Governor, either Andrew Jackson Hamilton (June 1865-June 1866) or James W. Throckmorton (June 1866-July 1867). If the Governor recommended a special pardon, the application would then be forwarded to U.S. President Andrew Johnson.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

In an Executive Proclamation dated May 29, 1865, U.S. President Andrew Johnson issued a General Amnesty, which pardoned most ordinary citizens of the former Confederate States of America. Anyone who fell within one or more of the exceptions to the General Amnesty could take an Oath of Amnesty as a preliminary step to his application to the President for Special Pardon. These records are applications of Texans for special pardons, and consist of envelopes, letters, and petitions, occasionally accompanied by an oath of amnesty or a certificate of oath of amnesty, dated 1865-1867. The individuals involved were requesting special pardons for alleged disloyalty during the Civil War, referring mainly to either the 1st or the 13th Exception (to the General Amnesty). The letters and petitions were written by the applicants themselves, as well as by persons vouching for the applicants, and were addressed to either Provisional Governor A. J. Hamilton (June 1865-June 1866) or Provisional Governor J. W. Throckmorton (June 1866-July 1867). If the Governor recommended a special pardon, the application would then be forwarded to U.S. President Andrew Johnson. In several cases, the files include additional letters addressed to President Johnson. Most files contain the envelope, and in many cases only the envelope, which lists the history of the application, including its recommendation or disposition. Notations to this effect on the envelope include such comments as: "statement sufficient (or insufficient),""petition defective,""statement sworn to and applicant vouched for,""no objections,""irregular,""seems all right,""seems free from objection," etc. Information is often included in the letters concerning the applicant's age, origin, occupation, activities, character, and the like.

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Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of applicant.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1875.
Throckmorton, J. W. (James Webb), 1825-1894.
Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Office of the Governor.
Texas. Governor (1865-1866 : Hamilton)
Texas. Governor (1866-1867 : Throckmorton)
Subjects:
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Texas.
Amnesty--United States.
Pardon--United States.
Places:
Texas--Politics and government--1865-1950.
Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Reconstruction--1865-1867.
Petitions--Texas--Reconstruction--1865-1867.
Functions:
Pardoning.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Governor Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Records, 1865-1866, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James W. Throckmorton, Records, 1866-1867, 1.18 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1835-1917, 15.18 cubic ft. (originals), 14 reels of microfilm (duplicates)
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft. (especially 5th Military District/District of Texas records, 1865-1870, undated)
National Archives and Records Administration
Records of the Adjutant General's Office, Records relating to wars, Pardon petitions and related records ("amnesty papers") (Record Group 94.2.5), 1865-1867, 73 rolls microfilm
Publications
Kelvin Meyers, "Case Files of Applications from Former Confederates for Presidential Pardons, 'Amnesty Papers,'"The CLF Newsletter (vol. 9, no. 2, May 1995).

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas applications for special pardons. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2006/075 (assigned for purposes of control)

The provenance of these records is unknown. For many years State Archives staff considered them records of the Texas Adjutant General's Department, but it is more likely that they were maintained by the Offices of Provisional Governors Andrew Jackson Hamilton and James W. Throckmorton (particularly in light of the fact that the office of Adjutant General of Texas was suspended between 1865 and 1870).

Processing Information

State Archives staff, unknown date before 1984

Tony Black, April 1993

Folder listing retyped by Clayton Library Friends volunteers Mary Austill and Nancy Crane, October 2005

Other Formats for the Records

The Clayton Library Friends currently (December 2005) has plans to microfilm these records.

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Texas applications for special pardons, 1865-1867,
3 cubic ft.

Box
2006/075-1 Acken, William B.
Adams, Philip H.
Adkins, George B.
Ahrenbech, William
Alexander, W.F.S.
Allen, A.H.
[See also Jeffries, James]
Allen, S.B.
Allen, S.L.
Allen, Samuel W.
Alston, Philip
Anders, William
Anderson, Isaac
Anderson, James M.
Anderson, T.M.
[See also Winston, John L.]
Anderson, William G.
Andrews, A.T.
Andrews, Henry B.
Andrews, J.D.
Andrience, William
Armstrong, William B.
Aston, Joseph
Austin, William T.
[See also Grube, H.J.]
Bacon, C.B.
Bagby, John A.
Baggett, Silas
Baker, William R.
Baldinger, Andrew
Baldridge, W.H.H.
Baldwin, D.J.
Ballard, Collatinus
Barnett, John
Barthold, Charles
Bass, H.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Bates, Joseph
Batte, G.A.
[See also Jeffries, James]
Battle, A.L.
Beall, William P.
Beaty, M.H.
Bell, Edward, E.
[See also Patton, John F.]
Bell, M.F.
Bell, Thomas
Bett, Charles S.
Bingham, James P.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Binkley, C.C.
Bird, Joseph
Blackshear, Thomas E.
[See also Griffin, William H.]
Blair, James K.
Blake, B.L.
Blount, Stephen W.
Bolts, W.B.
Bourland, James
[See also Wright, William B.]
Bowen, Solomon
Bowles, O.P.
Brady, James L.
Bragg, Dunbar
[See also Grayson, Thomas B.]
Branch, A.M.
Breeding, George W.
Brewer, William
Briggs, Jacob L.
[See also Yard, Nathan B.]
Bristow, B.W.
Brooks, J.W.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Browder, Marion
Brown, J.H.
Brown, John
Brown, Sewall
Browne, G.W.G.
Brownson, Theron
Bryan, Guy M.
Bryan, Moses Austin
Bryarly, Rowland T.
Buckley, C.W.
Buckley, Chester A.
Burke, Andrew J.
Burnett, M. Henry
[See also Wright, William B.]
Burris, James M.
Buttler, August
Caldwell, T.A.
Camp, Ira B.
[See also Griffin, William H.]
Campbell, James
[See also Terry, A.J.]
Campbell, Rufus E.
Cannon, L.
Capriano, J. Ignacio
Carrington, W.H.D.
Carter, Robert
Caruth, Walter
Caruth, William
Cates, Rufus
Cavender, O.H.P
Cawthon, E.W.
Cearnal, A.W.
Chadwick, J.N.
Chambers, B.J.
Chandler, F.W. [Y.W.]
Chandler, W.W.
Cheek, Philip
[See Wilson, Thomas D.]
Cherry, Joshua
Clark, John M.
Clark, Patterson
Clarke, Edwin [Edward] N.
Clarke, John A.
Clay, Tacitus
Clement, Dr. S.E.
[See also Wright, William B.]
Clement, Dr. William H.
Close, Hiram
Clute, John R.
Cochran, Joshua B.
Cockrum, W.W.
[See Henderson, H.G.]
Coffee, Aaron
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Cohn, Julius
Cole, Daniel
Cole, James P.
Collier, James G.
Collins, R.M.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Collins, Thomas P.
Cox, R.M.
Crawford, Alexander C.
Crosby, James F.
[See Toutant, Augustin]
Crume, Philip D.
Crump, William E.
Crutchfield, Thomas F.
Cutler, James H.
Box
2006/075-2 Dailey, T.W.
Damon, Samuel
Dancy, John W.
Darden, J.G.
Darden, Stephen H.
Davis, David H.
[See also Wright, William B.]
Davis, George W.
Davis, William
Dean, John
De Cordova, Jacob
Dennis, J.N.
Devine, Daniel
Dickinson, John
Doom, R.C.
Dorn, Andrew J.
Duer, C.F.
Duffau, Francis T.
Duggan, T.H.
[See also Henderson, H.G.]
Dumas, J.D.
Dumas, James P.
Ducan, John
Dunlap, William
Dunlap, William W.
Durham, George J.
Durkee, John
Dyer, Isadore
Eccles, J.C.
Echols, John
Ector, M.D.
Edmonson, Lewis E.
Edwards, W.C.
Ellis, Ira
Elzer, W.M.
[See Wright, William B.]
Engelke, F.A.
Evans, John P.
[See also Griffin, William H.]
Ewing, John
Ewing, William M.
Fears, Oliver P.
Felder, Gab[riel]
Ferguson, David
Fields, Calvin
Fisher, Orceneth A.
Fisher, Samuel W.
Floyd, John B.
Foley, Washington G.L.
Ford, John V.
Fort, J.M.
Foster, James M.
Foushee, John H.
Fowler, John C.
Fox, Henry S.
Freeman, A.
Freeman, William
Fulcher, Churchill
Gaines, W.B.P.
Galbraith, E.D.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Garwood, Calvin B.
Gay, J.L.
George, John E.
Gibbs, Sandford
[See also Gibbs, Thomas]
Gibbs, Thomas
[See also Gibbs, Sandford]
Gibson, John H.
Giddings, J.D.
Gill, William H.
Glass, William S.
Glasscock, George W.
Goode, R.J.
Gordon, George
Grace, Byrd M.
Gray, Peter W.
Gray, Robert A.
Grayson, Thomas B.
Green, Edward H.
Green, J.L.
Green, W.A.
[See also Green, Edward H.]
Greer, Elkanah
[See also Harris, John A.]
Greer, W.C.
[See also Griffin, William H.]
Gregory, Thomas C.
Griffin, Jack
Griffin, William H.
Grimes, W.B.
Groce, Leonard W.
[See also Lewis, Frank J.]
Groesbeck, A.
Grube, H.J.
Guinn, James W.
Box
2006/075-3 Hagee, Joel W.
Haldeman, Horace
Hall, M.J.
Hamell, J.B.
Hamblin, William K.
Harman, L.G.
Harral, W.
Harral, Whitfield
Harris, John A.
Harris, L.P.
Harris, T.A.
Harrison, Burr A.
Harrison, Eleanor M.
Harrison, William M.
Hartley, R.K.
Haskell, A.M.
Hawkins, James B.
Hays, James
Heard, Dr. Thomas J.
Heard, William B.
Heard, William J.E.
Heffner, William
Hefley, George W.
Heinatz, John
Henderson, H.G.
Henderson, James W.
Hendricks, S.B.
Henry, John A.
Henry, John R.
Herndon, John H.
Higgins, J.C.
Highsmith, W.A.
Hill, A.W.
Hill, George L.
[See also Harris, John A.]
Hill, John
[See also Thomason, J.A.]
Hill, John C.
Hill, T.B.J.
Hill, W.P.
Hodge, Galen
Holloway, James G.
Holt, John T.
Hood, John W.
Hooks, Warren
[See also Gill, William H.]
Hopkins, J.E.
Hopkins, R.M.
Hord, W.H.
Hornsby, W.W.
Horton, Mrs. Eliza
[See Horton, Robert]
Horton, Robert
Hughes, Jeremiah E.
Hughes, Lemuel P.
Hughes, Reece
Hughes, William
Hughes, William P.
Hughes, William V.
Huston, E.G.
Ireland, John
[See also Henderson, H.G.]
Jackson, Alexander M.
Jackson, F.M.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Jackson, S.S.
Jackson, William H.
James, John
Jefferson, J.R.
[See Henderson, H.G.]
Jeffries, A.
Jeffries, J.T.
[See also Jeffries, James]
Jeffries, James
Jemison, E.S.
Johns, C.R.
Johnson, Barney L.
Johnson, James H.
Johnson, M.T.
Johnson, R.D.
Jones, Churchill
Jones, Henry N.
[See also Griffin, William H.]
Jones, J.C.
Jones, John H.
Jones, Thomas H.
Jones, William C.
Jones, William H.
[See also Heard, T.J.]
Jones, William J.
Joyce, Hardin
[See also Harris, John A.]
Judd, Henry K.
Kampmann, John H.
Karner, John
Kenedy, Mifflin
Kennady, William
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Kennedy, John
Kennymore, J.C.P.
Kerr, William P.
King, John A.
King, Richard
Kirby, Zared E.
[See Nichols, E.B.]
Kirkpatrick, Hugh
Kleberg, Robert
Kleiber, Joseph
[See also Maxan, Nestor]
Klyce, William M.
Knowles, Reuben
Kuhnel, John
Kuykendall, Joseph
Box
2006/075-4 Landus, William
Lane, Walter P.
Lathrop, A.S.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Latimer, A.H.
Ledbetter, Hamilton
Leeper, M.
Leigh, W.B.
[See Toutant, Augustin]
Lewis, David
Lewis, Frank J.
[See also Groce, Leonard W.]
Lewis, John M.
Lewis, Samuel K.
Lockhart, W.A.
Logan, John D.
[See also Maclin, Sackfield]
Long, Medicus A.
Lubbock, John B.
Lubbock, William M.
Lufkin, A.P.
McAlpine, Dugal(d)
[See also Griffin, William H.]
McCall, J.L.L.
McCampbell, John S.
McClanahan, John M.
McClenny, S.G.
McClung, Josiah M.
McCraven, Dr.
McCulloch, Henry E.
[See also Henderson, H.G.]
McDow, Alexander
McGowen, A.
McGrew, John
[See also Terry, A.J.]
McIntosh, William
McLeary, Samuel D.
McLeod, James
McMahan, W.W.
McMorris, H.W.
McNeil, John G.
Maclin, Sackfield
Manton, Edward
Marchbanks, George F.
Marsh, Shubael
Martin, James H.
Martin, William P.
Massie, J.C.
Masterson, James
Maxan, Nestor
Mays, L.M.
Menger, W.A.
Meredith, Joseph B.
Merrill, Nelson
Meyer, A.
Milburn, W.
Miller, John T.
Miller, William B.
Millican, C.C.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Mills, David G.
Mills, Robert
Mims, A.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Minter, Joseph F.
Moody, James H.
Moore, A.W.
Moore, James C.
Moore, John M.
Moore, N.J.
Moore, Thomas
Morris, A.T.
Morris, W.H.
Moseley, James W.
[See Wright, William B.]
Moseley, Sam F.
Mosely, T.D.
Motley, R.H.
Mound, W.L.
Murphy, James M.
Murphy, John C.
Murray, W.T.
Myers, David V.
Nance, Ezekiel
Nash, G.E.
Nelson, Thomas C.
Newell, J.G.
Newell, John D.
[See Herndon, John H.]
Newton, E.W.
Newton, James
[See also Heard, T.J.]
Ney, Joseph
Nichols, E.B.
Nichols, Josiah
North, J.R.
Nummeley, W.L.
Oatman, John
Oldham, William
Osterman, Rosanna
Overton, J.D.
[See also Jeffries, James]
Palmer, Daniel M.
Palmer, George W.
[See also Maclin, Sackfield]
Parramore, W.W.
Patten, George W.
Patten, John F.
Patton, Moses L.
Patton, Robert J.
[See also Wright, William B.]
Payne, William M.
Pearce, N.B.
Peareson, E.A.
Peareson, P.E.
Perry, William
Perryman, L.J.
[See Henderson, H.G.]
Pfeuffer, George
Philips, William J.
Pijuese, George W.
Pinchback, John
Pinney, Henry
Pitts, W.A.
Pool, Sanford V.
Pool, Valentine B.
Pope, John H.
Powell, Adrian
Power, Charles
Pruitt, Ira
Box
2006/075-5 Randal, Dudley
Randolph, H.
[See also Thomason, J.A.]
Randolph, W.H.
Randon, David
Raymond, James H.
Reagan, John H.
Reaves, Stephen
Rector, Nelson L.
Reed, Erastus
Reilley, B.
Reily, Richard
Rhodius, Christopher
Richardson, W.
Rippetoe, A.H.
Roberts, Judge
Roberts, Oba
Robertson, E.S.C.
Robertson, H.C.
Robertson, J.B.
Rogers, M.C.
Rohde, H.D.
Rooke, Thomas
Rose, H.R.T.
Ross, L.S.
Ross, Nathan
[See also Wright, William B.]
Routt, J.W.
Rowe, Shadrack
Rowntree, J.L.
Rowton, E.S.
Rugeley, John
Runge, Henry
Runge, Herne H.
[See Runge, Henry]
Rushing, J.C.
Russell, D.C.
Russell, James W.
Russell, T.S.
Rust, Edwin
Ryan, M.K.
Ryon, William
Sabin, C.B.
[See Trube, Henry J.]
Sampson, Henry
[See also Whitfield, J.W.]
Sanders, L.A.
[See also Henderson, H.G.]
Sandridge, A.J.
[See also Harris, John A.]
Saul, Charles
Scott, Sam T.
Scott, Sarah
Sergeant, W.M.
Sexton, F.B.
Seymour, Sidney
Shanklin, Gordon W.
Shaw, P.V.
Shepherd, James M.
Simonton, James
Sledge, William M.
Smith, George A.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Smith, J.Carroll
Smith, Junius W.
Smith, Q.W.
Smith, Thomas M.
Smith, William D.
Smith, William R.
Smyth, Andrew F.
Sneed, Dick
Sorelle, W.J.
Sorley, James
Speaks, John
Spencer, Joel
[See also Terry, A.J.]
Spivey, Temple
Spurgin, Nicholas
Stapp, Darwin M.
Stapp, Sinclair
Starr, James H.
Steele, Moses E.
Steele, William
Steiner, J.M.
Stephens, A.G.
Stevens, A.G.
[See Stephens, A.G.]
Stevens, David T.
Stewart, Charles B.
Stewart, Thomas D.
Stockdale, Fletcher S.
Stratton, Asa E.
Stubblefield, John J.
Sullivan, J.S.
Sutherland, Walter S.
Sutherland, William
Swain, W.F.
Swan, Orange
Swanson, W.C.
Sweatt, Quincy A.
Sweeney, Thomas J.
[See also Terry, A.J.]
Sweeny, John
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Swisher, John M.
Box
2006/075-6 Tabor, John W.
Talbot, Jr., Matt
Tankersley, James H.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Tannehill, Pleasant T.
Taylor, C.H.
Taylor, F.M.
Taylor, H.D.
Taylor, Ward
Teagarden, O.
Templeton, Thomas W.
Terry, A.J.
Thatcher, John
Thaxton, William
Thomas, R.J.
Thomason, J.A.
Thompson, E.J.C.
Thorp, J.L.
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Todd, J.D.
Torrans, William P.
Toutant, Augustin
Trigg, M.W.
Trube, Henry J.
Turner, J.A.S.
Turner, T.M.
Tyler, Charles M.
Upson, C.
Van Alstyne, William A.
Vance, James
[See also Vance, William H.]
Vance, William
[See also Vance, William H.]
Vance, William H.
Voigt, Frederick
Waller, Edwin
Walsh, William C.
Walton, Park M.
Wangemann, Ernst
Ward, W.R.D.
Warren, W.G.
Washington, Thomas P.
Waters, J.D.
Watkins, J.C.
Waul, Thomas N.
Waybourn, W.T.
Weatherred, Francis M.
Webb, William G.
Wedeskind, John F.W.
Werner, Joseph
West, John C.
Westall, A.E.
Whitaker, Sr., Willis
White, George
White, George W.
White, Thomas A.
Whitfield, J.W.
Wiedenfeld, Theodore
Wiggins, W.H.
Wilkes, H.
Williams, George
[See also Wilkes, H.]
Williams, J.H.
[See Williams, W.H.]
Williams, John A.
Williams, John H.
Williams, L.L.
Williams, R.H.
Williams, Sim M.
Williams, Thomas G.
Williams, W.H.
Wilson, Moses G.
Wilson, Thomas D.
Wilson, William C.
Wilson, William S.
Wimbish, Dr. James A.
Winn, John A.
Winston, John L.
Winston, T.W.
Witt, W.H.
Wofford, R.B.
Womack, Jesse
Wood, Augustus H.
Wood, William D.
Wortham, William
Wright, G.W.
[See also Wright, William B.]
Wright, M.H.
Wright, Travis G.
[See also Wright, William B.]
Wright, William B.
Yarborough, George
Yard, Nathan B.
[See also Briggs, Jacob L.]
Young, F.L.
Young, J.M.
[See Henderson, H.G.]

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