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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

CHART OF TEXAS RANGER ORGANIZATIONS

Description of Series

Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846 (bulk 1845),

Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated,

Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866,

Minute Men records, 1872-1874, undated,

Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874,

Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881,

Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated,

Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated (bulk 1901-1918),

Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975,

Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890,

Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated,

Ranger reminiscences, 1937,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Ranger Records at the Texas State Archives, 1839-1975, undated (bulk 1854-1918)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Title: Ranger records
Dates: 1839-1975, undated
Dates: (bulk 1854-1918)
Abstract: These comprise the records, dating 1839-1975, and undated (bulk 1854-1918), of the various military organizations known--formally or informally--as "Texas Rangers:" Republic Rangers (1839-1846), pre-Civil War Rangers/Mounted Volunteers/Minute Men (1846-1862, and undated), Minute Men (1865-1866 and 1872-1874, undated), Frontier Forces (1870-1874), Frontier Men (1874), Frontier Battalion (1874-1901), Special State Troops/Special Force (1874-1881), and Ranger Force (1901-1935, thereafter administered by the Texas Department of Public Safety). Records of the Frontier Regiment and Mounted Regiment (1861-1865) are integrated into the Texas State Troops records of the Adjutant General's Civil War records. Among the wide variety of records represented in the Ranger records, the most common include correspondence, monthly returns, scouting reports, records of arrests, and quartermaster records.
Quantity: 40.94 cubic ft.
Language English.

Agency History

Whereas under the Republic the Adjutant General was subservient to the Secretary of War, under statehood the position was elevated to that of head of all military departments. After annexation, the 1st Legislature provided for an Adjutant General to be appointed by the Governor, in "an Act to organize the Militia of the State of Texas" (April 21, 1846). The duties which fell to the Adjutant General included the issuance of all military orders; the maintenance of records of appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, commissions, etc.; the receipt of monthly and annual returns, and muster rolls from the various military units; the keeping of the records of general courts martial; recruitment and enrollment of Rangers and militiamen; and now, the issuing of all bounty and donation land warrants on the basis of military service to the Republic. This last duty was assumed by the Commissioner of Claims, pursuant to an Act of the legislature passed August 1, 1856; the office of the Adjutant General had been the victim of apparent arson in October 1855, allegedly by persons engaged in land certificate fraud. The position of Adjutant General was itself reestablished by the Militia Law of February 14, 1860, by which act he also assumed the duties of Quartermaster General and Ordnance Officer of the State.

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office, just as later Adjutants General would split their time between the Militia and the Rangers (whatever the prevailing terminology). The demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the War.

During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868), or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). Within months of Texas' readmission to the Union under Radical Republican Governor Edmund J. Davis (1870), the Legislature created the Frontier Forces (June 13), the State Guard and Reserve Militia (June 24), and the State Police (July 1), all of which were commanded by a newly restored state Adjutant General. On November 25, 1871, the Legislature added a fifth organization, the Minute Men. The first Adjutant General so appointed, James Davidson, absconded with over $37,000 of state funds in 1872. The State Guard and Reserve Militia were merged into a simple state militia on March 19, 1873, and the State Police force was abolished April 22, 1873.

The place of the Frontier Forces was taken in 1873 and 1874 by the Rangers and the Frontier Men, and finally by the Frontier Battalion, organized by an act passed April 10, 1874. At about the same time one can date the evolution of the Texas Volunteer Guard as the definitive militia organization for the state. On July 22, 1876, "an Act to suppress lawlessness and crime in certain parts of the state" authorized the creation of the Special State Troops, commanded first by Captain Leander McNelly and subsequently by Captain J. L. Hall. In the last year of the operation of this Special Force (1880-1881), it was commanded by Captain Thomas L. Oglesby.

The Frontier Battalion was reorganized as the Ranger Force by an act of the Legislature on March 29, 1901. From time to time this regular force was supplemented by specially commissioned Special Rangers, Railroad Rangers, Cattlemen's Association Rangers, and Loyalty Rangers. Finally, on August 10, 1935, the Ranger Force was transferred to the Texas Department of Public Safety.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

These comprise the records, dating 1839-1975, and undated (bulk 1854-1918), of the various military organizations known--formally or informally--as "Texas Rangers:" Republic Rangers (1839-1846), pre-Civil War Rangers/Mounted Volunteers/Minute Men (1846-1862, and undated), Minute Men (1865-1866 and 1872-1874, undated), Frontier Forces (1870-1874), Frontier Men (1874), Frontier Battalion (1874-1901), Special State Troops/Special Force (1874-1881), and Ranger Force (1901-1935, thereafter administered by the Texas Department of Public Safety). Records of the Frontier Regiment and Mounted Regiment (1861-1865) are integrated into the Texas State Troops records of the Adjutant General's Civil War records. Among the wide variety of records represented in the Ranger records, the most common include correspondence, monthly returns, scouting reports, records of arrests, and quartermaster records.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into twelve series:
Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846 (bulk 1845), 1.12 cubic ft.
Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated, 2.88 cubic ft. (6 subseries)
Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866, 0.11 cubic ft.
Minute Men records, 1872-1874, undated, 0.32 cubic ft.
Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874, 2.36 cubic ft. (3 subseries)
Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881, 0.84 cubic ft. (5 subseries)
Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated, 23.61 cubic ft. (11 subseries)
Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated (bulk 1901-1918), 9.27 cubic ft. (6 subseries)
Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975, fractional
Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890, 0.12 cubic ft.
Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated, 0.12 cubic ft.
Ranger reminiscences, 1937, 0.13 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.

The large volume of General Orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Militia.
Texas Rangers.
Texas Rangers--Organization.
Texas. Militia--Organization.
Subjects:
Peace officers--Texas.
Crime--Texas.
Military surveillance--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Frontier troubles.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Military records--1839-1975.
Returns (military reports)--Texas--Military records--1839-1975.
Orders (military records)--Texas--1839-1975.
Financial records--Texas--Military records--1839-1975.
Pay records--Texas--Military records--1839-1975.
Rosters--Texas--Military records--1839-1975.
Functions:
Protecting republic.
Protecting state.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed, portions of many 19th and 20th century governors' records concern the Texas Rangers and related matters.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Texas Ranger Pensions, 1917-1938, 1959-1990 (bulk 1959-1990), 0.94 cubic ft.
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee of the House and Senate in the Investigation of the Texas State Ranger Force, Transcript of proceedings, 1919, 0.74 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Records, 1849-2001, 166.42 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Copies of Texas Ranger correspondence, 1874-1900, 1932, 0.1 cubic ft. (This 265-page bound typescript bears the internal note: "Texas Rangers Data from the files of Adjutant General commencing with the formation of the Frontier Battalion, by James A. King and Major Coffee--Very Valuable." Much of it is taken from the published reports of the Adjutant General. Arrangement is chronological.)[There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection. Call number is 2-23/963.]
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, [ca. 1917]-[ca. 1972], 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.) [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence, 1846-1943 (bulk 1861-1933), 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935, 179.07 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Civil War records, Ranger records, 1861-1865, undated, 0.94 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft.
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
A list of fugitives from justice indicted for felonies in the state of Texas and a descriptive list of escaped convicts, "compiled from official records by John P. Kirk," 1886.
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115, 1976/048, 1978/126, 1980/240, and unknown

The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with additional transfers on February 20, 1962 and December 3, 1975. The Texas Department of Public Safety transferred some Ranger Force records to the Texas State Archives on June 16, 1978, and a box of newspaper clippings on July 15, 1980. Accession records are too incomplete to determine if any other records were transferred.

Processing Information

Tony Black, November 1987, May 1988

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 CHART OF TEXAS RANGER ORGANIZATIONS 

  1. Rangers:
    • Republic Mounted Volunteers, Spies, Mounted Gunmen, etc. (1836-1845)
    • Pre-Civil War Rangers, Mounted Volunteers, Minute Men (1846-1861)
    • Frontier Regiment/Mounted Regiment of Texas State Troops (1861-1865)
    • Frontier Forces (1870-1873)
    • Rangers/Frontier Men (1873-1874)
    • Frontier Battalion (1874-1901)
    • Ranger Force (1901-1935)
  2. Other Organizations (not including militia):
    • Minute Men (1841-1842; 1865-1866; 1872-1874)
    • Provisional State Troops (1871)
    • Special State Troops (1876-1880)
    • Special Force (1880-1881)

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Republic Ranger records, 1839-1846 (bulk 1845),
1.12 cubic ft.

These records consist of quartermaster records and other accounts: vouchers, receipts, auditor's statements, requisitions for funds, certificates of loss, abstracts of disbursements, accounts current, etc. The last two types of records are generally oversized and therefore are housed separately. As a whole the records date 1839-1846, but the bulk date from 1845; within that year a further breakdown exists, by county (company). The companies represented (and their commanders) include the following: Corpus Christi Ranging Corps (P. Hansbrough Bell and H. Clay Davis); Goliad and Refugio Counties Ranging Corps (John T. Price); Milam County Rangers (Richard S. Teal); Robertson County Rangers (Thomas J. Smith); the Corps of Rangers stationed at San Antonio de Bexar (John C. Hays and R. A. Gillespie); and Travis [and Bastrop] County Ranging Corps (David C. Cady and A. Coleman).
Correspondence concerning Republic Rangers can be found in the Army papers.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, and alphabetically by county therein. Oversized items are listed separately.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Texas Revolution military rolls, 1835-1836, 0.27 cubic ft.; United States Volunteers military rolls, 1835-1837, 1842 (bulk 1842), 0.41 cubic ft.; Army of the Republic military rolls, 1836-1842 (bulk 1839-1841), 1.8 cubic ft.; Republic of Texas Militia military rolls, 1836-1845 (bulk 1838-1839), 4.01 cubic ft.; Republic of Texas Minute Men military rolls, 1841-1842, 0.83 cubic ft.; and Campaigns of 1842 military rolls, 1842, 0.27 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Army of the Republic service records, 1836-1845, 5.64 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Republic Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Republic Ranger quartermaster records
box folder
401-1152 1. Quartermaster records, 1839-1843
2-3. Quartermaster records, 1844
Quartermaster records, 1845:
4-6. Corpus Christi Ranging Corps
7. Goliad and Refugio Counties Ranging Corps
8. Milam County Rangers
9. Robertson County Rangers
10-11. San Antonio Ranging Corps
12-14. Travis County Ranging Corps
15-16. Quartermaster records, 1846
Republic Ranger accounts and abstracts
oversize folder
401-1242 1. Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845
2. Goliad Rangers, 1845
3. San Antonio Rangers, 1843, 1845
4. Travis County Rangers, 1845
oversize folder
401-1238 1. Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845
1. Travis County Rangers, 1845
map-case folder
401-1322 3. Abstract of commissary stores, Corpus Christi Rangers, 1845

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Pre-Civil War Ranger records, 1846-1862, undated,
2.88 cubic ft.

These records include correspondence, powers of attorney, quartermaster records, an index to payrolls, jackets and wrappers, and transcripts, photostats, and notes. They comprise records of the Texas Rangers, Mounted Volunteers, and Minute Men companies which operated between the annexation of Texas and the Civil War. They date 1846-1862 and undated.
The correspondence includes especially letters from Governors Pease and Runnels, and letters to and from Governor Sam Houston, concerning Ranger activities, dating 1846-1861 (bulk 1854-1860). Many were submitted as part of the State claims against the U.S. government in 1871-1872. In addition, a large proportion of the items are things other than traditional correspondence, for example: contracts (for subsistence, for transportation, for services as a surgeon, etc.), affidavits of loss, copies of legislative bills, certificates of death, special orders, appointments of company paymasters, affidavits giving evidence of heirship, letters of credit, bonds, IOUs, certificates of election of officers, lists of wounded (1859), memos of instruction, and monthly company returns (only two items, 1860).
The powers of attorney were made by individual Rangers and also by groups of Rangers, 1852-1862, for the express purpose of collecting pay and other monies owed to them.
The quartermaster records include the following: requisitions, special requisitions, invoices of ordnance, lists of quartermaster stores delivered, receipts, shipping bills, freight vouchers, statements (of disbursements, of expenses, of forage, of arms), abstracts, returns, accounts of auction sales, lists of articles lost/destroyed, claims (signed by the Comptroller and the Treasurer), memos of amounts paid to various companies, vouchers, travel vouchers, officers' pay vouchers (oversized), reports of persons and articles employed and hired, payrolls of extra-duty persons, accounts current, etc. They comprise records documenting the activities of the office of the quartermaster, responsible for the supplies (including provisions, forage, medicines, and ordnance) and the services (payroll, transportation, etc.) required for maintaining a force of Rangers, dating 1850-1862 (bulk 1858-1861).
The "Index to Pay Rolls," contains (pasted on the fly leaf) "an alphabetical list of payrolls of companies serving in defense of frontier, prior to January 28, 1861, and called out by Governor Sam Houston prior to March 2, 1861," which is signed "Auditorial Board, Austin, March 11, 1867."
The annotated jacket covers and wrappers at some time were removed from the documents to which they pertained, mostly quartermaster records and powers of attorney, but also muster rolls and pay rolls, and correspondence. The original documents of which these were jackets and wrappers date 1848-1860. Many have the stamp of the U.S. War Department, dated 1871 or thereabouts, showing them to have been part of the claims files.
The transcripts and photostats are of correspondence, muster rolls, legislation, and miscellaneous documents (such as pages from the 1850 census which included Bexar County Rangers). The records from which these were copied are dated 1850-1861.
Organization
These records are organized into six subseries:
Correspondence, 1846-1861 (bulk 1854-1860), 0.43 cubic ft.
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862, 0.24 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1850-1862, undated (bulk 1858-1861), 2.03 cubic ft.
Index to pay rolls, 1861, 1867, fractional
Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860, 0.16 cubic ft.
Transcripts, photostats, notes, 1850-1861, fractional
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Texas Ranger (Pre-Civil War) military rolls, 1846-1861, 4.57 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Mounted Volunteers service records, 1854-1861, 1.88 cubic ft.; and Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935 (bulk 1901-1935), 7.05 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of James Pinckney Henderson, 1846-1847, 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of George T. Wood, 1847-1848, 0.24 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Peter Hansbrough Bell, 1849-1853, 1.88 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of the first two terms of Elisha Marshall Pease, 1853-1857, 1.88 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Hardin Richard Runnels, 1857-1859, 1.41 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Sam Houston, 1824-1862 (bulk 1859-1861), 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Correspondence, 1846-1861 (bulk 1854-1860),
0.43 cubic ft.
These records consist of correspondence, especially letters from Governors Pease and Runnels, and letters to and from Governor Sam Houston, concerning Ranger activities, dating 1846-1861 (bulk 1854-1860). Some of the letters are originals, and some are copies certified by either the Adjutant General or by Secretary of State James P. Newcomb and submitted as part of the State claims against the U.S. government in 1871-1872. In addition, a large proportion of the items are things other than traditional correspondence, for example: contracts (for subsistence, for transportation, for services as a surgeon, etc.), affidavits of loss, copies of legislative bills, certificates of death, special orders, appointments of company paymasters, affidavits giving evidence of heirship, letters of credit, bonds, IOUs, certificates of election of officers, lists of wounded (1859), memos of instruction, and monthly company returns (only two items, 1860).
Additional correspondence concerning pre-Civil War Rangers may possibly be found in the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Correspondence
box folder
401-1153 1. 1850-1852
2. 1854
3-4. 1855
5-6. 1856
7. 1857
8-9. 1858
10. 1859
11-17. 1860
18. 1861
Oversized items
oversize folder
401-1242 5. Adjutant General report on bounty land, 1846-1847
5. Monthly returns, 1860
5. Remarks on muster rolls, Minute Companies, [1860]
5. Certification of paymaster appointments, 1861
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862,
0.24 cubic ft.
These records consist of powers of attorney made by individual Rangers and also by groups of Rangers, 1852-1862, for the express purpose of collecting pay and other monies owed to them.
In addition, there are lists of powers of attorney for 18 companies, 1855-1859 (bulk 1855-1856), arranged alphabetically by the name of the Captain or Lieutenant commanding the company, including the following commanders: Nat Benton, Reading W. Black, Giles S. Boggess, James H. Callahan, Thomas K. Carmack, John H. Conner, J. M. Davenport, Levi English, William Fitzhugh, Thomas C. Frost, William R. Henry, John S. Hodges, P. H. Rogers, John W. Sansom, William G. Tobin, William Tom, C. E. Travis, and John G. Walker. The information in these lists includes: number, from whom, to whom, where proven (county), by whom, and date of approval. At least three of the companies also contain lists of affidavits of lost property, giving number, names, value, by whom, where made, before whom, and date of affidavit.
Many of these powers of attorney and lists are stamped "War Department, 1871," indicating that they were submitted to--and later returned by--the U. S. government as part of the claims that were filed in that year by the State, for reimbursement of the expenses of frontier defense.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly alphabetically by the last name of the individual making the power of attorney, followed by multiple powers of attorney for whole companies, arranged by the last name of the company commander.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Powers of attorney, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1185 1-2. Lists of powers of attorney, 1855-1859 (bulk 1855-1856)
Powers of attorney, 1852-1862
box folder
401-1185 3. A
4. B
5. C
6. D
7. E-F
8. G
9. H
10. J-K
11. L
12. Mc
13. M
14. N-O
15. P
16. R
17. S
18. T
19. V
20. W
21-22. Multiple Powers of Attorney
Quartermaster records, 1850-1862 (bulk 1858-1861),
2.03 cubic ft.
These records include the following: requisitions, special requisitions, invoices of ordnance, lists of quartermaster stores delivered, receipts, shipping bills, freight vouchers, statements (of disbursements, of expenses, of forage, of arms), abstracts, returns, accounts of auction sales, lists of articles lost/destroyed, claims (signed by the Comptroller and the Treasurer), memos of amounts paid to various companies, vouchers, travel vouchers, officers' pay vouchers (oversized), reports of persons and articles employed and hired, payrolls of extra-duty persons, accounts current, etc. They comprise records documenting the activities of the office of the quartermaster, responsible for the supplies (including provisions, forage, medicines, and ordnance) and the services (payroll, transportation, etc.) required for maintaining a force of Rangers, dating 1850-1862 (bulk 1858-1861).
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Oversized records are listed separately, by type of document and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1153 19. United States vouchers, 1850-1851
Quartermaster records
box folder
401-1153 20. 1853
21-23. 1854
24. 1855
box folder
401-1154 1-4. 1856
5. 1857
6-13. 1858
14-22. 1859
23-27. 1860
box folder
401-1155 1-20. 1860
21-25. 1861
26. 1862
27. undated
Oversized quartermaster records
oversize folder
401-1242 6. Quartermaster returns, abstracts, and lists, 1858-1859
7-9. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1860
10. Accounts current, 1852-1853, 1858-1861
11. Accounts, 1856-1860
12. Vouchers, 1856, 1859-1860
12. Abstracts of expenditures, 1858-1860
13. Abstracts of advances, 1854-1859
14. Ordnance records, 1858, 1860 (bulk 1860)
15-18. Officers pay vouchers, 1853-1861
19. Pay rolls of extra-duty men, 1859-1861
19. Miscellaneous quartermaster records, 1860-1862
oversize folder
401-1238 2. Quartermaster returns and abstracts, 1858-1860
3. Statements, 1855-1860
4. Ordnance records, 1858, 1860
4. Miscellaneous quartermaster records, 1855-1861
map-case folder
401-1322 3. Return of provisions, 1860
folder
3. Statements of arms: Captains Tobin and Ford, 1860, undated
map-case folder
401-1322 4-5. Quartermaster abstracts, 1858-1860
5. Quartermaster return, 1860
Index to payrolls, 1861, 1867,
fractional
These records consists of a volume labeled "Index to Pay Rolls," which contains (pasted on the fly leaf) "an alphabetical list of payrolls of companies serving in defense of frontier, prior to January 28, 1861, and called out by Governor Sam Houston prior to March 2, 1861," which is signed "Auditorial Board, Austin, March 11, 1867." This list includes name of commander, rank, inclusive dates of service, time served, and remarks.
The remainder of this volume consists of an alphabetical index of commanding officers of Texas military companies (apparently of the Civil War era--some have the notation "Frontier Regiment"), giving the name of company commander, number of roll, and a notation of either "G, Good" or "B, Bad". It appears that those commanders listed on the introductory sheet--and therefore, presumably, loyal to the Union--were marked "Good", whereas those not on that list were marked "Bad". This volume thus serves a dual purpose: as a record of pre-Civil War Ranger activity, and as a Reconstruction assessment (in 1867) of that earlier activity (and of subsequent Civil War activity).
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically within each portion of the volume.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Index to payrolls, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
volume
401-1132 Index to payrolls, 1861, 1867
Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860,
0.16 cubic ft.
These records consist of annotated jacket covers and wrappers which at some time were removed from the documents to which they pertained, mostly quartermaster records and powers of attorney, but also muster rolls and pay rolls, and correspondence. The original documents of which these were jackets and wrappers date 1848-1860. Many have the stamp of the U.S. War Department, dated 1871 or thereabouts, showing them to have been part of the claims files.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in no particular order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Jackets and wrappers, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1192 14-18. Jackets and wrappers, 1848-1860
Transcripts, photostats, notes, 1850-1861,
fractional
These records consist of later copies (both transcripts and photostats) of correspondence, muster rolls, legislation, and miscellaneous documents (such as pages from the 1850 census which included Bexar County Rangers). The records from which these were copied are dated 1850-1861.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts, photostats, notes, Pre-Civil War Ranger records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Transcripts, photostats, notes
box folder
401-1192 19. 1850-1859
20. 1860-1861

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Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866,
0.11 cubic ft.

These records consist of various reports of duty of the 1st and 2nd Parker County Minute Men (Captains L. L. Tackitt and Howard Harteford, respectively) and the Wise County Minute Men (Captain John Teague), 1865-1866. These records are called by a variety of names--regular scouts, reports of extra duty, and extra calls--and each covers one month. In all cases, the information given is uniform: name, rank, and number of days served. In addition, there is one collective power of attorney for the "2nd Parker County Minute Company, Texas State Troops" (September 10, 1866). Housed separately are the oversized quarterly returns of the 1st Parker County Minute Company, 1865-1866; but the information in these returns is identical to the other reports of duty, and each quarter is broken down by monthly totals.
Correspondence concerning Minute Men may possibly be found in the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by county/company, and therein chronologically. Oversized returns are listed separately.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Minute Men military rolls, 1865-1866, 0.14 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Pendleton Murrah, 1863-1865, 1.65 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Andrew Jackson Hamilton, 1865-1866, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of James W. Throckmorton, 1866-1867, 1.18 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Reports of duty
box folder
401-1156 1. 1st Parker County Minute Men, 1865-1866
2. 2nd Parker County Minute Men, 1866
3. Wise County Minute Men, 1865
Oversized quarterly returns
oversize folder
401-1243 1. 1st Parker County Minute Company, 1865-1866

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Minute Men records, 1872-1874, undated,
0.32 cubic ft.

These comprise the records of Minute Companies that existed between 1872 and 1874, and undated, including mainly the following types of quartermaster records: vouchers, receipts, requisitions, and abstracts of disbursements--mostly for ordnance, but also for payments for services rendered. Pay claims are maintained separately, and include the amounts claimed in aggregate as pay for the privates of each company. Also housed separately are the oversized accounts current, with attached requisitions and abstracts of disbursement.
There are three oversized pre-printed forms, dating April, July, and August, 1872, which are returns of property captured from Indians by Wise County Minute Men, commanded by Lieutenant R. T. Rieger. Information on these returns includes: date, description of property, probable name of owner and residence, where captured, value, and disposition made of said property.
In 1874, when the minute men companies were disbanded, each company reported lists of the men wishing to retain their carbines, with the cost to be deducted from their pay.
In addition, there are several general lists. One is a list of minute companies in the service of the State of Texas during 1873, including: the company letter, county, station, commanding officer, date of entry into service, and notes as to reorganization status. Another is a list of minute companies that were armed (undated). There is also a typescript list of minute men companies between 1860 and 1877, giving letter, county, years, and commanding officers.
Finally, there are two volumes that contain records on the Minute Men. One contains month by month accounts of the members of Minute Men companies, January 1872-April 1874. The other volume, labeled "Ordnance and ordnance stores issued (loaned to State military organizations beginning 1870, No. 1," contains the following information: date, company, name of captain, unit/county, and number of each type of ordnance and ordnance store (Winchester carbine, slings, swivels, screw drivers, etc.) for Minute Companies (1872-1874), Volunteer Minute Companies (1872-1876), and Ranger Companies (1873-1876). The end of the volume contains a list of Winchester carbines as reported on returns of ordnance at the Comptroller's office and on annual returns of the Adjutant General (1871-1872), plus a statement of the actual disposition of Winchester carbines (1874). A note indicates "January 1, 1877 transferred to Ordnance Book No. 3."
Correspondence concerning Minute Men may possibly be found in the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General Department's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record. Quartermaster records are arranged alphabetically by county, and therein chronologically; the monthly account book is arranged alphabetically by company.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Minute Men records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records may have been transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
box folder
401-1156 4. Lists of Minute companies, 1860-1877 (bulk 1872-1873)
5. Reports on retention of carbines, 1874
Quartermaster records, 1872-1874
box folder
401-1156 6. General
7. Blanco County
folder
7. Brown County
Burnet County
Coleman County
Comanche County
Cook County
Denton County
box folder
401-1156 8. Erath County
9. Kerr County
10. Gillespie County
folder
10. Lampasas County
Llano County
box folder
401-1156 11. Mason County
folder
11. Maverick County
Medina County
Montague County
Palo Pinto County
box folder
401-1156 12. San Saba County
folder
12. Wise County
Pay claims, 1872-1875
box folder
401-1156 13. Brown-Gillespie Counties
14. Kendall-Wise Counties
oversize folder
401-1243 2. Returns of property captured from Indians, Wise County, 1872
3. Accounts current, 1872-1875 (bulk 1872-1873)
volume
401-1071 Monthly accounts, Minute Companies, No. 1, 1872-1874
volume
401-1072 Ordnance issues, 1870-1876

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Frontier Forces records, 1870-1874,
2.36 cubic ft.

These records consist of correspondence, monthly returns, and quartermaster records for the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1874.
The correspondence also includes military orders, reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, powers of attorney, etc. They comprise the correspondence of the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1872. The majority consists of letters received by the Adjutant General concerning the Frontier Forces. Besides such letters as those requesting that Rangers be sent to a location, or acknowledging the receipt of a commission, there are such items as reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, general orders, powers of attorney, etc. In addition, there is a volume (with an index) that is a register of letters received concerning the Frontier Forces, as well as the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, between July 18, 1870 and January 10, 1871. Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. Besides the Frontier Forces, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
The monthly returns for seven companies date 1870-1871. Each return lists the numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank, alterations since the last return, numbers of horses serviceable and non-serviceable, and number of rifles and rounds of ammunition; the names of all enlisted men on extra duty; the names of all absent enlisted men; the names of all commissioned officers; alterations by name; and remarks (including in a couple of cases a record of scouts). In addition, there are two lists of deserters (two men), for Company B, October 1870.
The records of the quartermaster and of the paymaster for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1874, document the procurement and disposition of government property (quartermaster stores, medical supplies, and ordnance) and services. The types of documents represented include monthly returns, requisitions, receipts, vouchers, claims, bills of lading, statements and abstracts of disbursements, IOUs, accounts current, etc. Besides the loose documents, there are 17 volumes of quartermaster records.
Organization
These records are organized into three subseries:
Correspondence, 1870-1872, 1.09 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1870-1871, fractional
Quartermaster records, 1870-1874, 1.21 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Frontier Forces military rolls, 1870-1873, undated (bulk 1870-1871), 0.97 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871, 4.23 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Edmund J. Davis, 1869-1874, 15.51 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Frontier Forces records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
The large volume of General Orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Correspondence, 1870-1872,
1.09 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, powers of attorney, etc. They comprise the correspondence of the Frontier Forces, dating 1870-1872. The majority consists of letters received by the Adjutant General concerning the Frontier Forces, usually abstracted on the reverse, with a filing code such as "L[etter] R[eceived] 324 AGO ST 1870." Besides such letters as those requesting that Rangers be sent to a location, or acknowledging the receipt of a commission, there are such items as reports of scouts, journals of marches, certificates of disability, reports of the sick, certificates of loss, general orders, powers of attorney, etc.
In addition, there is a volume that is a register of letters received concerning the Frontier Forces, as well as the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, between July 18, 1870 and January 10, 1871. As with most such registers, the format includes the date the letter was received by the Adjutant General, a file number (in red ink), the name of the correspondent, the disposition of the letter (in red ink), the place, the date, and a brief summary of the purport. An index accompanies the register.
Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. One enormous, fragile volume contains General Orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the Frontier Forces, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Battalion, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard. Another volume contains Special Orders, from August 1870 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten); again, all military organizations are represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
Additional correspondence concerning the Frontier Forces may possibly be found in the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Frontier Forces records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
The large volume of General Orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Correspondence
box folder
401-1156 15-17. 1870
18-20. 1871
21. 1872
volume
401-1011 Register of letters received, 1870-1871
volume
401-984 General Orders, 1870-1872
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
volume
401-1012 Special Orders, 1870-1872
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Monthly returns, 1870-1871,
fractional
These records consist of monthly returns for seven companies (A, B, D, F, G, H, and N), numbering between one and three returns per company, 1870-1871. Each return lists the numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank, alterations since the last return, numbers of horses serviceable and non-serviceable, and number of rifles and rounds of ammunition; the names of all enlisted men on extra duty; the names of all absent enlisted men; the names of all commissioned officers; alterations by name; and remarks (including in a couple of cases a record of scouts).
In addition, there are two lists of deserters (two men), for Company B, October 1870. Information on these includes name, rank, description, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment data.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by company.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Frontier Forces records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
oversize folder
401-1243 4. Monthly returns, 1870-1871
4. Descriptive list of deserters, Company B, October 1870
Quartermaster records, 1870-1874,
1.21 cubic ft.
These comprise the records of the quartermaster and of the paymaster for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1874, documenting the procurement and disposition of government property (quartermaster stores, medical supplies, and ordnance) and services. The types of documents represented include monthly returns, requisitions, receipts, vouchers, claims, bills of lading, statements and abstracts of disbursements, IOUs, accounts current, etc.
Besides the loose documents, there are 17 volumes of quartermaster records. Two volumes itemize appropriations for the Adjutant General during Radical Reconstruction, giving the date approved, an explanation of each item, and the amount. Each volume is divided into sections: Adjutant General, clerks, telegraphing, printing, books, stationery, contingent expenses, postage, porter hire, wood, State Police, enrolling the Militia and State Guard, arming both, paymaster, arsenal, furniture, and--in the second volume (1872-1874), Minute Companies and Ranger Companies. There is a table of contents inside the front cover of each volume.
Another volume records requisitions of funds from January 1873 through January 1874, largely relating to pay, which includes militia companies as well as Rangers.
A volume labeled "Blotter--all entered in new Cash Book," plus a corresponding volume labeled "Frontier Cash Book, 1870-1871," contain a variety of records for the Frontier Forces, 1870-1871, including: quartermaster vouchers, commissary's vouchers, ordnance vouchers, medical vouchers, paymaster's vouchers, certificates of indebtedness for Companies D and I, and stoppages of sundry companies.
There is a "Frontier Cash Book, 1872" containing a record of vouchers filed in the State Treasury by Adjutant General James Davidson, and on which money was drawn from the Treasury in payment. Information includes columns for date, company, name, amount due for services, cash stopped, balance due, certificate of indebtedness, cartridges, and remarks.
Another volume is also labeled "Frontier Cash Book," and contains two sections. The first (pages 8-52) is a record of pay of Minute Men, by company; information includes date of enlistment, number, name, rank, and (for Companies A through C but not D through V) the monthly amount of pay (January-December, 1872). The second section (pages 102-183) records disbursements of the Frontier Defense Fund by Colonel Frank L. Britton, Adjutant General (November 1872-January 1874); information here includes: date of payment, number of check, on whom drawn, in whose favor, dates of services, amount, and the total paid to each company, with periodic summaries (accounts current). Pages 1-7 constitute an index.
A volume labeled "Ordnance and ordnance stores issued (loaned to State military organizations beginning 1870, No. 1" contains the following information: date, company, name of captain, unit/county, and number of each type of ordnance and ordnance store (Winchester carbine, slings, swivels, screw drivers, etc.) for Minute Companies (1872-1874), Volunteer Minute Companies (1872-1876), and Ranger Companies (1873-1876). The end of the volume contains a list of Winchester carbines as reported on returns of ordnance at the Comptroller's office and on annual returns of the Adjutant General (1871-1872), plus a statement of the actual disposition of Winchester carbines (1874). A note indicates "January 1, 1877 transferred to Ordnance Book No. 3."
A volume of Frontier Forces accounts, 1870-1871, contains the following columns: favor of whom, presented by whom, on what account, dates from and to, amount, and comments (e.g., rations, ordnance, freight, hire of team, etc.). It contains two indexes: one to companies (A-P), and one to names.
A series of volumes include accounts for each of seven companies (A, C, D, E, F, K, and P) of the Frontier Forces, 1871-1872. The information listed includes date, name, rank, term (months and days), and amounts in a series of accounts that vary from company to company (e.g., carbine, government sale, C. G. Falcon, Holt & Levy, certificate, etc.), plus total pay.
A volume labeled "Frontier Claims, Private Accounts," 1870-1871, contains columns for date, company, favor of whom, on what account, dates from and to, amount, and remarks. Arrangement is by the 15 private firms to whom the accounts were due; an alphabetical index to these firms is included.
Finally, there is one letterpress book that contains copies of the outgoing correspondence from Captain Alfred D. Evans, Paymaster (March 14, 1871-March 14, 1872), primarily concerning the Frontier Forces, but also a few letters concerning the State Police, State Guard, and Reserve Militia. There is an index attached to the inside front cover of the volume.
Arrangement
For most groups, the records are arranged by type of record, and therein chronologically. The Frontier Forces accounts book dating 1870-1871 is arranged alphabetically by company.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), , Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Frontier Forces records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Quartermaster records
box folder
401-1156 22-29. 1870
box folder
401-1157 1-10. 1871
11-13. 1872
14-15. 1873
16. 1874
Oversized quartermaster records
oversize folder
401-1243 5. 1870
6-8. 1871
9. 1872
10. 1873
oversize folder
401-1238 5. 1871-1872
Appropriations
volume
401-1066 1870-1872
volume
401-1065 1872-1874
Frontier cash books
volume
401-1142 1870-1871
volume
401-1069 1872
volume
401-1070 1872-1874
Frontier Forces accounts
volume
401-1073 Frontier Companies accounts, 1870-1871
volume
401-1074 Companies A and P, 1871
volume
401-1075 Company C, 1871-1872
volume
401-1076 Company D, 1871-1872
volume
401-1077 Company E, 1871-1872
volume
401-1078 Company F, 1871-1872
volume
401-1143 Company K, 1871-1872
Other Frontier Forces quartermaster records
volume
401-1067 Requisitions of funds, 1873-1874
volume
401-1068 Frontier Forces, blotter, 1870-1871
volume
401-1072 Ordnance issues, 1870-1876
volume
401-1079 Frontier claims, private accounts, 1870-1871
volume
401-1104 Letterpress book, Paymaster, 1871-1872

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Special State Troops/Special Force records, 1874-1881,
0.84 cubic ft.

These records consist of correspondence, monthly returns, statements of arrest, certificates of service, and quartermaster records for the Washington County Volunteer Militia, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force, which operated to suppress lawlessness between 1874 and 1881.
The correspondence of the Special State Troops/Special Force, dating 1876-1880, consist primarily of telegrams, mainly from J. L. Hall, concerning the activities of the Special State Troops between 1876 and 1879. Other items include reports of T. L. Oglesby's detachment (September and October, 1879); proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G. W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops (1878); and oaths of the members of the Special Force (1879). Also included are transcripts of correspondence concerning the Special State Troops, especially from 1878.
The monthly returns, dating 1874-1880, are for the Washington County Volunteer Militia, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force. Each return gives the following information: station; date; numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank; alterations since the last return; a return of property (quantity, description, and condition); and a record of scouts. Beginning in August 1879, the returns also give statements of arrests, including: date, names of parties arrested, charge, where arrested, by whom, and result.
The 10 monthly "Statements of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," are for J. L. Hall's company of Special State Troops, dated February-August and October-November, 1877, and February-March 1878. They contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
The certificates of service are documents certified by Captain J. L. Hall concerning individual men in his company of Special State Troops (from late 1877 through 1878). Each certificate indicates the date of muster, the amount of pay due, and any amount owed.
The quartermaster records of the Special State Troops/Special Forces are mainly vouchers for supplies and services, dated 1874-1881. Maintained separately are monthly ration returns for the Special Force commanded by Hall and Oglesby, stationed at San Diego, Texas (August 1879-December 1880).
Organization
These records are organized into five subseries:
Correspondence, 1876-1880, 0.12 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1874-1880, 0.24 cubic ft.
Statements of arrest, 1877-1878 (bulk 1877), fractional
Certificates of service, 1877-1878 (bulk 1878), 0.12 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1874-1881, 0.28 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Special State Troops military rolls, 1876-1880, 0.14 cubic ft.; and Special Force military rolls, 1880-1881, fractional
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Richard Coke, 1873-1877, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Richard Bennett Hubbard, 1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878), 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Oran Milo Roberts, 1861-1883 (bulk 1878-1883), 8.46 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Correspondence, 1876-1880,
0.12 cubic ft.
These records comprise the correspondence of the Special State Troops/Special Force, dating 1876-1880. They consist primarily of telegrams, mainly from J. L. Hall, concerning the activities of the Special State Troops between 1876 and 1879. Other items include reports of T. L. Oglesby's detachment (September and October, 1879); proceedings of an examining court investigating murder charges against G. W. Talley, a private in the Special State Troops (1878); and oaths of the members of the Special Force (1879).
Also included are transcripts of correspondence concerning the Special State Troops, especially from 1878. Some of the originals of these items appear above, but much of them are from the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, to the year. Transcripts are filed separately.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Correspondence
box folder
401-1157 17. 1876-1877 (bulk 1877)
18. 1878
19. 1879
20-21. Transcripts, 1877-1880 (bulk 1878)
Monthly returns, 1874-1880,
0.24 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns, dating 1874-1880, for the following companies:

DESIGNATION: COMMANDING OFFICER: DATES:
Washington County
Volunteer Militia Leander H. McNelly October 1874-
June 1876
Special State Troops Leander H. McNelly August, 1876-
December, 1876
J. Lee Hall February 1877-
December 1878
Special Force J. Lee Hall August 1879-
May 1880
Thomas L. Oglesby June-December,
1880
Each return gives the following information: station; date; numbers of commissioned officers and enlisted men present and absent, by status and by rank; alterations since the last return; a return of property (quantity, description, and condition); and a record of scouts. Beginning in August 1879, the returns also give statements of arrests, including: date, names of parties arrested, charge, where arrested, by whom, and result.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Monthly returns
oversize folder
401-1244 1. 1874-1875
2. 1876
3. 1877
4. 1878
5. August-December 1879
6. 1880
Statements of arrest, 1877-1878 (bulk 1877),
fractional
These records consist of 10 monthly statements of arrest for J. L. Hall's company of Special State Troops, dated February-August and October-November, 1877, and February-March 1878. These pre-printed, oversized forms, labeled "Statement of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Statements of arrest, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
oversize folder
401-1238 7. Statements of arrests, 1877-1878
Certificates of service, 1877-1878 (bulk 1878),
0.12 cubic ft.
These records consist of documents certified by Captain J. L. Hall concerning individual men in his company of Special State Troops (from late 1877 through 1878). Each certificate indicates the date of muster, the amount of pay due, and any amount owed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by last name of the man, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Certificates of service, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Certificates of service
box folder
401-1157 22. A-G, 1877-1878
23. H-L, 1877-1878
24. Mc-M, 1877-1878
25. P-T, 1877-1878
26. W, 1877-1878
Quartermaster records, 1874-1881,
0.28 cubic ft.
These comprise quartermaster records of the Special State Troops/Special Forces, mainly vouchers for supplies and services, dated 1874-1881. Maintained separately are monthly ration returns for the Special Force commanded by Hall and Oglesby, stationed at San Diego, Texas (August 1879-December 1880).
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Ration returns are filed separately, as are oversized quartermaster records.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Special State Troops/Special Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Quartermaster records
box folder
401-1158 1. 1874
2-3. 1875
4-5. 1876
6-9. 1877
10-11. 1878
12. 1879
13. 1880
14. 1881
15. Ration returns, 1879-1880
oversize folder
401-1244 7. Oversized quartermaster records, 1874-1875, 1878

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Frontier Battalion records, 1874-1901, undated,
23.61 cubic ft.

These records include correspondence, enlistment rolls, collective oaths, lists of fugitives from justice, capiases, records of scouts, statements of arrests, monthly returns, quartermaster records, claims jackets, and transcripts and notes. They comprise the records of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901.
The correspondence consists of letters and telegrams received and sent concerning the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, and undated. Many of the letters are reports from Rangers, and many others deal with quartermaster business. Also included are general and special orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, newspaper clippings, and so forth. Most of the items are abstracted on the reverse. Many of the pieces with no date are scouting reports which have become separated from their monthly returns. In addition, there are three volumes containing military orders from the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, as well as for the entire range of military organizations since Texas was readmitted to the Union after Reconstruction. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc. Finally, one volume contains rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F (1899-1900), plus a list of requests for Rangers (1900), mixed in with records of the Texas Volunteer Guard.
The enlistment rolls consist of twelve lists containing descriptions of new recruits for the Frontier Battalion, dating 1877-1883, for Companies A (1877-1878), C (1878-1883), and E (1877-1880).
The collective oaths consist of oaths signed by two or more members of the Frontier Battalion, mostly on preprinted forms, dating 1874-1885, 1890-1900.
There is one volume and some loose documents, comprising lists of fugitives from justice, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, and undated (bulk 1875). Information on a typical list includes name, physical description, crime, and dates of crime and/or indictment. There is also a list of rewards offered by the Governor of Arkansas for fugitives committing crimes between 1873 and 1877; this list provides the following information: date, name, crime, where wanted, and amount of reward.
The capiases are warrants for arrest against accused persons, dating 1873-1881, 1895, 1898 (bulk 1874-1878). Also included is an index to an unidentified and undated list of capiases; this is an alphabetical list of individuals and also of counties.
The records of scouting expeditions conducted by individuals, detachments, and companies of the Frontier Battalion date 1876-1901. One group includes loose monthly reports previously filed with the appropriate monthly return. Most of these are without identification (on the document itself) of the company or the year to which they pertain, and many are without identification of the month. The folder, therefore, is the identifying element. In addition, there are eleven volumes, and parts of three other volumes, that contain records of scouts. Of unusual interest are a series of weather reports for 1880-1882, filed by Company C for the following months: February, March, April, November, and December, 1880; January 1881; and March 1882.
The monthly statements of arrest for the companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1877-1878, contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
The monthly returns of the companies of the Frontier Battalion date 1874-1901. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; a record of scouts; and a recap of arrests and attempts to arrest. Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained as separate subseries of the Frontier Battalion's records. There are also five returns of property captured from Indians by Company A (November 1874), Company C (July 1874), and Company D (November and December 1874, and August 1875). These contain the following: date, description of property, probably name of owner and residence, where captured, value of property, and disposition made of said property.
Quartermaster records consist of quartermaster correspondence, requisitions, estimates of provisions needed, receipts, invoices, bills of lading, statements, expense accounts, ration returns, vouchers, abstracts, appropriations, etc. They comprise the various records of the Quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901, and undated. Records of ordnance--which are not very numerous--are included as well. Maintained separately are the following types of documents, mostly on pre-printed forms: monthly ration returns; vouchers; and oversized quarterly abstracts of disbursements on account of frontier defense, abstracts of vouchers collected and paid on account of frontier defense, and accounts current. There are nine letterpress books that contain copies of the outgoing correspondence of the quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1902. Each volume contains an index. There are also 17 other volumes containing quartermaster records, described in the appropriate subseries description in this finding aid.
The jacket covers to pay vouchers for members of the Frontier Battalion, which at some time were removed from documents that are now located mostly in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records, date 1874-1877, 1881, and 1899 (with the bulk dating 1875).
Finally, there are copies of documents dating 1873-1901, mainly typed transcripts, including Frontier Battalion correspondence, muster rolls, pay rolls, and other documents, plus various notes on the Frontier Battalion compiled at some unknown time.
Organization
These records are organized into eleven subseries:
Correspondence, 1874-1901, undated, 1.12 cubic ft.
Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883, fractional
Collective oaths, 1874-1885, 1890-1900, 0.1 cubic ft.
Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, undated (bulk 1875), 0.13 cubic ft.
Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated (bulk 1874-1878), 0.17 cubic ft.
Records of scouts, 1876-1901, 2.16 cubic ft.
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878, 0.3 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1874-1901, 7.74 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1874-1901, undated, 11.49
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899 (bulk 1875), 0.4 cubic ft.
Transcripts and notes, 1873-1901, fractional.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Texas Ranger military rolls, 1873-1874, 0.69 cubic ft.; and Frontier Battalion military rolls, 1874-1901, 8.76 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901 (bulk 1874-1898), 17.86 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Richard Coke, 1873-1877, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Richard Bennett Hubbard, 1870-1878 (bulk 1877-1878), 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Oran Milo Roberts, 1861-1883 (bulk 1878-1883), 8.46 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of John Ireland, 1879-1887 (bulk 1883-1887), 0.47 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Lawrence Sullivan Ross, 1887-1888, 0.24 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of James Stephen Hogg, 1889-1894, undated, 17.17 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Charles Allen Culberson, 1891-1899, 10.34 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Joseph D. Sayers, 1886-1903 (bulk 1899-1903), 14.57 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Copies of Texas Ranger correspondence, 1874-1900, 1932, 0.1 cubic ft. (This 265-page bound typescript bears the internal note: "Texas Rangers Data from the files of Adjutant General commencing with the formation of the Frontier Battalion, by James A. King and Major Coffee--Very Valuable." Much of it is taken from the published reports of the Adjutant General. Arrangement is chronological.)[There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection. Call number is 2-23/963.]
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934, with (possibly) an additional transfer ("some Ranger records") on February 20, 1962.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
The large volume of General Orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Correspondence, 1874-1901, undated,
1.12 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, newspaper clippings, etc., of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901 and undated. The correspondence consists of letters and telegrams received and sent concerning the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, and undated. Many of the letters are reports from Rangers, and many others deal with quartermaster business. Also included are general and special orders, petitions, powers of attorney, certificates of disability, newspaper clippings, and so forth. Most of the items are abstracted on the reverse. Many of the pieces with no date are scouting reports which have become separated from their monthly returns. The researcher can find additional correspondence concerning the Frontier Battalion in the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
In addition, there are three volumes containing military orders from the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, as well as for the entire range of military organizations since Texas was readmitted to the Union after Reconstruction (State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Forces, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard). One enormous, fragile volume contains General Orders, some handwritten but most posted down, and also includes orders from the four years prior to the establishment of the Frontier Battalion, and the eleven years after its dissolution. Two volumes contain Special Orders, the first volume from July 15, 1874 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten), and the second volume from April 2, 1897 through May 18, 1901 (mostly pasted down); again, all military organizations are represented, and include orders from the four years prior to the establishment of the Frontier Battalion. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
Finally, one volume contains rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F (1899-1900), plus a list of requests for Rangers (1900), mixed in with records of the Texas Volunteer Guard.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically, to the year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
The large volume of General Orders is very fragile. Therefore it may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Frontier Battalion correspondence
box folder
401-1158 16-17. 1874
18-20. 1875
21-22. 1876
23-28. 1877
box folder
401-1159 1-9. 1878
10-12. 1879
13-15. 1880
16-18. 1881
19-23. 1882
24-26. 1883
27-29. 1884
box folder
401-1160 1-3. 1885
4-5. 1886
6. 1887
7. 1888
8. 1889
9. 1890
10. 1891
11. 1892
12. 1893
13. 1894-1895
14. 1896
15. 1897
16. 1898
17-18. 1899
19. 1900-1901
20. undated
Military Orders
volume
401-984 General Orders, 1874-1901
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
volume
401-1012 Special Orders, 1874-1897
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
volume
401-1013 Special Orders, 1897-1901
[Note: Covers Texas Volunteer Guard as well as Frontier Battalion.]
volume
401-1100 Rosters for Companies B, D, E, and F, 1899-1900
Requests for Rangers, 1900
Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883,
fractional
These records consist of twelve lists containing descriptions of new recruits for the Frontier Battalion, dating 1877-1883, for Companies A (1877-1878), C (1878-1883), and E (1877-1880). Information on each recruit includes: name, rank, age, height, hair, eyes, complexion, occupation, nativity, enlistment data (when, where, and by whom), and appraisement (value) of horses.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Enlistment rolls, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1160 21. Enlistment rolls, 1877-1883
Collective oaths, 1874-1885, 1890-1900,
0.1 cubic ft.
These records consist of oaths signed by two or more members of the Frontier Battalion, mostly on preprinted forms, dating 1874-1885, 1890-1900. The text of this oath is as follows: "We do solemnly swear (or affirm) that we will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon us as members of the Frontier Battalion until [date] unless sooner discharged, according to the best of our skill and ability, and agreeably to the Constitution and laws of the United States and of this State. So help us God."
Oaths that were signed by no more than one individual can be found in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Collective oaths, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Collective oaths
box folder
401-1160 22. 1874-1885
23. 1890-1895
24. 1896-1900
Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, undated (bulk 1875),
0.13 cubic ft.
These records consist of one volume and some loose documents, comprising lists of fugitives from justice, 1865-1879, 1898-1899, and undated (bulk 1875). The latter includes lists of fugitives from justice from several counties: Burnet (post-1879), Gregg (1874-1878), Harrison (1865-1876), Kimble and adjoining counties [1877], Kinney (1877), Navarro (1898), Palo Pinto (1899), Refugio (1899), San Saba (1899), Stephens (1899), and Tarrant (undated). Information on a typical list includes name, physical description, crime, and dates of crime and/or indictment.
There is also a list of rewards offered by the Governor of Arkansas for fugitives committing crimes between 1873 and 1877; this list provides the following information: date, name, crime, where wanted, and amount of reward.
The volume labeled "Record of criminals by county, crime, description" is in reality a list of "Fugitives from Justice," dating ca. 1875. The 4,180 entries include the following information: county, a consecutive number, name of the criminal, offense, when committed, when indicted, and remarks (including physical description). The same information--but not for all these counties--was published by the Adjutant General's office in 1878.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by county.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
A list of fugitives from justice indicted for felonies in the state of Texas and a descriptive list of escaped convicts, "compiled from official records by John P. Kirk," 1886.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Lists of fugitives, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1160 25. Lists of fugitives, 1865-1879, 1898-1899
26. Arkansas reward list, 1873-1877
volume
401-1081 Fugitives from justice, 1875
Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated (bulk 1874-1878),
0.17 cubic ft.
These records consist of capiases (warrants for arrest) against accused persons, dating 1873-1881, 1895, 1898 (bulk 1874-1878). Most of them are on pre-printed forms, which take the following format: "The State of Texas, To the Sheriff or any constable of _____ County/any officer of the Frontier Forces/Battalion, Greeting: You are hereby commanded to take the body of _____ if to be found in your county, and him safely keep so that you may have him personally present before the District Court of _____ County, Texas, to be held at the courthouse thereof, in the town of _____ on [date]; he then and there to be and remain from day to day...until he be discharged by due course of law, to answer an indictment, no. _____, found at the [month] term, A.D. [year] of the District Court of said county, for [charge]. Herein fail not under penalty of law, but of this writ make due return, showing how you have executed the same."
Also included is an index to an unidentified and undated list of capiases; this is an alphabetical list of individuals and also of counties (which are underscored), each entry followed by a simple number between 1 and 14.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the accused person.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Capiases, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Capiases, 1873-1881, 1895, 1898, undated (bulk 1874-1878)
box folder
401-1160 27. Capiases, A-B
28. Capiases, C-D
29. Capiases, E-G
30. Capiases, H-I
31. Capiases, J-L
32. Capiases, Mc-M
box folder
401-1161 1. Capiases, N-O
2. Capiases, P-R
3. Capiases, S-V
4. Capiases, W-Y
5. Index to list of capiases, undated
Records of scouts, 1876-1901,
2.16 cubic ft.
These comprise records of scouting expeditions conducted by individuals, detachments, and companies of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1876-1901. One group includes loose monthly reports previously filed with the appropriate monthly return. Most of these are without identification (on the document itself) of the company or the year to which they pertain, and many are without identification of the month. The folder, therefore, is the identifying element. The researcher should also see the Frontier Battalion records, Monthly returns, for missing and also supplemental reports.
In addition, there are eleven volumes, and parts of three other volumes, that contain records of scouts; these are described below.
A series of four volumes labeled "Reports of Operations of State Troops" or "of Frontier Battalion" provide reports of scouts and reports of Special Rangers for the various companies of the Frontier Battalion, the Special State Troops, and the Special Force (1876-1895). The format of these reports includes the date, a reference to correspondence or to a muster roll, an abstract of the report, and a tally (e.g., 1 scout, 1 arrest, 1 keeping peace, 360 miles).
One volume contains a guard list and a total enlistment list for Company A of the Frontier Battalion (1883), plus half a dozen or so records of scouts, possibly for Company E (1883-1887).
Another volume contains a monthly log of the number of arrests (by offense), the number of scouts, and the miles travelled, for Companies A through F (1890-1891), Company B (1897-1899), and Companies A through F (1898-1900).
Five volumes contain records of scouts for specific companies of the Frontier Battalion: Company E (July 1874-March 1877; September 1877-April 1879 and 1879-1880; October 1881-March 1886), and Company F (1876-1879). The first also contains ration accounts, cartridge accounts, records of guard duty, etc. The last also includes a list of the type of gun each Ranger was issued, with the serial numbers of the Springfield rifles.
A miscellaneous volume contains accounts current for the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1885, also broken down by company; a recapitulation of arrests (including a newspaper clipping of the same); and a memo of amounts paid.
A "Book of Accounts of Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains accounts, a record of scouts, and daily reports for December 1874 through April 1875. "Volume Number 2 commencing 1882: Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains an index which also includes volume Number 1 (1877-1882). The miscellany incorporated into this volume includes an enlistment roll, a hay record, a cartridge record, a record of scouts (1883-1885), and an oath.
Of unusual interest are a series of weather reports for 1880-1882, filed by Company C for the following months: February, March, April, November, and December, 1880; January 1881; and March 1882. Each report gives conditions for each day of the month, a.m. and p.m. For example: "Cloudy wind N.", "snow wind N.," or "cold and clear wind S.," or "heavy rain wind S."
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of scouts, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Records of scouts
box
401-1180 Company A:
1A. 1881
1B. 1900
2. 1901
Company B:
3. 1891
4. 1892
5. 1893
6. 1894
7. 1897
8. 1899
9. 1900
10. 1901
Company D:
11. 1876
12. 1877
13. 1882
14. 1884
15. 1885
16. 1888
17. 1889
18. 1890
19. 1891
20. 1893
21. 1897
22. 1898
Company E:
23. (volumes) 1877-1880
24. 1877
25. 1878
26A. 1879
26B. 1881
27. 1883
28. 1884
29. 1891
30. 1892
31-32. 1893
33-35. 1894
36-39. 1895
box folder
401-1181 1-3. 1896
4-7. 1897
8-9. 1898
10-11. 1899
12-13. 1900
14-15. 1901
Company F:
16. 1877
17-18. 1881
19-20. 1882
21-22. 1883
box folder
401-1182 1-2. 1884
3. 1885
4. 1886
5. 1887
6. 1888
7. 1889
8. 1890
9-10. 1891
11-13. 1892
14. 1893
15-16. 1894
17. 1895
18. 1896
19. 1899
20-21. 1900
22. 1901
23. Weather reports: Company C, 1880-1882
Operations of State Troops
volume
401-1082 Vol. 1: August 1, 1876-December 31, 1881
volume
401-1083 Vol. 2: January 1, 1882-November 30, 1885
Operations of Frontier Battalion and reports of Special Rangers
volume
401-1084 Vol. 3: December 1, 1885-November 30, 1892
volume
401-1085 Vol. 4: December 1, 1892-[1895]
Records of scouts (volumes)
volume
401-1096 1883-1887
volume
401-1098 1890-1891, 1897-1900
volume
401-1144 Company E, 1874-1877
volume
401-1118 Company E, 1881-1886
volume
401-1097 Company F, 1876-1879
volume
401-1102 Miscellaneous: accounts, arrests, 1883-1885
volume
401-1145 Miscellaneous: Company A, 1874-1875
volume
401-1101 Miscellaneous: Company A, 1882-1885
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878,
0.3 cubic ft.
These records consist of monthly statements of arrest for the companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1877-1878. These pre-printed, oversized forms, labeled "Statement of Arrest and Attempts to Arrest; also other duties performed in guarding prisoners and jails, scouts, etc., etc.," contain the following information: date, name of person arrested, charged with what crime, where arrested, and result of arrest as far as known; date, name of person to be arrested, and charged with what crime; and other duties performed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Statements of arrests, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Statements of arrests, 1877-1878
oversize folder
401-1238 8. Company A
folder
8. Companies A and C (detachments)
Companies A and E
oversize folder
401-1238 9. Company C
10. Company E
11. Company D
folder
11. Company F
Monthly returns, 1874-1901,
7.74 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns of the companies of the Frontier Battalion, dated 1874-1901. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; a record of scouts; and a recap of arrests and attempts to arrest. Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained as separate group of the Frontier Battalion's records, including Reports of scouts, Statements of arrest, Correspondence, and Quartermaster records (including Ration returns). Therefore the researcher should consult each of those groups of records as well for additional documentation. Many of the returns have two and three copies.
There are also five returns of property captured from Indians by Company A (November 1874), Company C (July 1874), and Company D (November and December 1874, and August 1875). These contain the following: date, description of property, probably name of owner and residence, where captured, value of property, and disposition made of said property.
Finally, there is one Return of the Frontier Battalion dated November 20, 1874, which includes: the letters of each company, the numbers of officers and enlisted men present and absent (by rank), and remarks.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
oversize folder
401-1244 15. Returns of property captured from Indians, 1874-1875
15. Return of Frontier Battalion, 1874
Monthly returns, Company A
oversize folder
401-1246 1. 1874
2. 1875
3. 1876
4. 1877
5. 1878
6. 1879
7. 1880
8. 1881
9. 1882
10. 1883
11. 1884
12. 1885
13. 1900
14. 1901
Monthly returns, Company B
oversize folder
401-1247 1. 1874
2. 1875
3. 1876
4. 1877
5. 1878
6. 1879
7. 1880
8. 1881
9. 1882
10. 1883
11. 1884
12. 1885
13. 1886
14. 1887
oversize folder
401-1248 1. 1888
2. 1889
3. 1890
4. 1891
5. 1892
6. 1893
7. 1894
8. 1895
9. 1896
10. 1897
oversize folder
401-1249 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
Monthly returns, Company C
oversize folder
401-1249 5. 1874-1875
6. 1876-1877
7. 1878
8. 1879
9. 1880
10. 1881
11. 1882
oversize folder
401-1250 1. 1883
2. 1884
3. 1885
4. 1886
5. 1887
6. 1900
7. 1901
Monthly returns, Company D
oversize folder
401-1250 8. 1874
9. 1875
10. 1876
11. 1877
oversize folder
401-1251 1. 1878
2. 1879
3. 1880
4. 1881
5. 1882
6. 1883
7. 1884
8. 1885
9. 1886
10. 1887
oversize folder
401-1252 1. 1888
2. 1889
3. 1890
4. 1891
5. 1892
6. 1893
7. 1894
8. 1895
9. 1896
10. 1897
oversize folder
401-1253 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
oversize folder
401-1239 1. 1899-1900
[oversized]
Monthly returns, Company E
oversize folder
401-1253 5. 1874
6. 1875
7-8. 1876
9. 1877
10. 1878
oversize folder
401-1254 1. 1879
2. 1880
3. 1881
4-5. 1882
6-7. 1883
8-9. 1884
oversize folder
401-1255 1-2. 1885
3-4. 1886
5. 1887
6. 1891
7. 1892
8. 1893
9. 1894
10. 1895
oversize folder
401-1256 1. 1896
2. 1897
3. 1898
4. 1899
5. 1900
6. 1901
oversize folder
401-1239 2. 1894-1895, 1898
3. 1899-1900
Monthly returns, Company F
oversize folder
401-1256 7. 1874
8. 1875
9. 1876
10. 1877
oversize folder
401-1257 1. 1878
2. 1881
3. 1882
4. 1883
5. 1884
6. 1885
7. 1886
8. 1887
9. 1888
10. 1889
oversize folder
401-1258 1. 1890
2. 1891
3. 1892
4. 1893
5. 1894
6. 1895
7. 1896
8. 1897
oversize folder
401-1259 1. 1898
2. 1899
3. 1900
4. 1901
Quartermaster records, 1874-1901, undated,
11.49 cubic ft.
These consist of quartermaster correspondence, requisitions, estimates of provisions needed, receipts, invoices, bills of lading, statements, expense accounts, ration returns, vouchers, abstracts, appropriations, etc. They comprise the various records of the Quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, dating 1874-1901, and undated, including the following types of loose documents: letters and telegrams received by the Quartermaster; requisitions (for rations, for medical stores, for fuel, forage, and straw, etc.); estimates of provisions needed; receipts; invoices; bills of lading; statements; expense accounts; lists of rations on hand; accounts of public property expended, lost, and destroyed; requisitions of funds; etc. Records of ordnance--which are not very numerous--are included as well.
Maintained separately are the following types of documents, mostly on pre-printed forms: monthly ration returns; vouchers; and oversized quarterly abstracts of disbursements on account of frontier defense, abstracts of vouchers collected and paid on account of frontier defense, and accounts current.
There are nine letterpress books that contain copies of the outgoing correspondence of the quartermaster of the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1902, including John O. Johnson (1883-1885), L. P. Sieker (1885-1893 and 1899-1902), G. H. Wheatley (1893-1895), W. H. Owen (1895-1899), and E. M. Phelps (1899). Each volume contains an index.
There is a group of volumes labeled variously "Appropriations and Disbursements (of same)," or "Cash Book," or "Cash Book and Appropriations," etc., covering the period 1878 through 1899, covering all expenses of the Adjutant General's office, including frontier defense. The information contained in these volumes includes date, name, purpose, company, amount, and comments. Each volume is divided into sections (usually indicated by a table of contents at the beginning of the volume), such as frontier defense; handling and transportation of arms and ammunition; stationery, postage, and telegraph; tables, shelving, and furniture; incidental expenses; removing and guarding records and furniture saved from the burning of the Capitol; fees for commissions received; etc. One volume additionally lists officers commissioned (1893-1899) and Special Rangers appointed (1891-1899).
Two volumes list rations received by and issued to specific companies of the Frontier Battalion. One of them corresponds to Captain C. L. Nevill's and Captain J. T. Gillespie's Company E (1880-1886); this volume also tallies mules and horses issued to that company. The other volume contains ration accounts for Company F (1876-1878); the first two pages contain, in addition, an account of arms issued to that same company, 1876-1877.
One volume contains ordnance accounts for Lt. Pat Dolan's Company F, Frontier Battalion (1876-1879), including--in debit and credit format--date, purpose, and amount for each individual.
A volume labeled "Transfer Book, Col. A. E. Devine to Col. L. T. Rogers, February 1, 1907" contains items from both the Frontier Battalion and the Ranger Force. Among the former type of record are a register of vouchers for the Frontier Battalion (1893-1897), and corn/hay and beef accounts for company F (1895-1897).
The volume which contains records of scouts for Captain Dolan's Company F (1876-1879) also includes a list of the type of gun each Ranger was issued, with the serial numbers of the Springfield rifles.
A volume labeled "Cash Book (cost of) Frontier Forces," 1874-1875, gives pay roll accounts and sundry accounts for the Webb County Frontier Men, the Nueces and Rio Grande Counties Frontier Men, and each company of the Frontier Battalion. Another volume contains cash accounts of the Frontier Battalion and the Special Force, 1879-1881, arranged by company.
There is a volume containing miscellaneous data, possibly all for Company A of the Frontier Battalion, May-June, 1874. This includes rations issued, brands of mules and horses, a memorandum of beeef, cartridges issued to men on scouts, reports of Captain Waller's Company A, and soap issued.
An extremely deteriorated volume, which consists entirely of tipped-in items, contains quartermaster records, special orders, and circulars for various companies of the Frontier Battalion, 1879-1883.
A miscellaneous volume contains accounts current for the Frontier Battalion, 1883-1885, also broken down by company; a recapitulation of arrests (including a newspaper clipping of the same); and a memo of amounts paid.
"Volume No. 2 commencing 1882: Company A, Frontier Battalion" contains an index which also includes volume Number 1 (1877-1882). The miscellany incorporated into this volume includes an enlistment roll, a hay record, a cartridge record, a record of scouts (1883-1885), and an oath.
An unpaginated volume gives various accounts for both the Frontier Battalion (1897-1901) and the Ranger Force (1901-1906). For Companies B, C, D, and E (1897-1901), information includes: date, name, for what purpose (e.g., beef, oats, supplies, drugs, etc.), company, number (of voucher?), amount, to whom paid, and remarks. In addition, there is a list of pay accounts, 1901.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by several different types. Therein, most quartermaster records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year. Ration returns are arranged by year, then by company, then by month. Vouchers are arranged by year, then alphabetically within each year. Abstracts, letterpress books, and appropriations are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Quartermaster records
box folder
401-1161 6-12. 1874
13-20. 1875
21-22. 1876
23-24. 1877
25-27. 1878
28. 1878-1880
box folder
401-1162 1-6. 1879
7-11. 1880
12-17. 1881
18-25. 1882
box folder
401-1163 1-5. 1883
6-13. 1884
14-17. 1885
18-19. 1886
20-21. 1887
22-23. 1888
box folder
401-1164 1-3. 1889
4. 1890
5-7. 1891
8-11. 1892
12-19. 1893
20-23. 1894
box folder
401-1165 1-5. 1894
6-8. 1895
9-15. 1896
16-20. 1897
21-22. 1898
box folder
401-1166 1-4. 1898
5-13. 1899
14. 1900
15. 1900-1901 (bulk 1900)
16. undated
Ration returns
box folder
401-1166 17. 1874
18. 1876
19. 1877
20. 1878
21-22. 1879
23-24. 1880
25-26. 1881
box folder
401-1167 1-2. 1882
3-4. 1883
5-6. 1884
7-8. 1885
9-10. 1886
11-12. 1887
13. 1888
14. 1889
15. 1890
16. 1891
17. 1892
18. 1893
box folder
401-1168 1-2. 1894
3-4. 1895
5-6. 1896
7-8. 1897
9-10. 1898
11-12. 1899
13-14. 1900
15. 1901
Vouchers
box folder
401-1168 16-21. A-D, 1874
box folder
401-1169 1-27. E-Z, 1874
box folder
401-1170 1-24. 1875
box folder
401-1171 1-15. 1876
16-24. 1877
25-27. A-G, 1878
box folder
401-1172 1-11. H-Y, 1878
12-21. 1879
box folder
401-1173 1-9. 1880
10-17. 1881
18-24. 1882
box folder
401-1174 1-17. 1883
18-21. A-C, 1884
box folder
401-1175 1-19. D-W, 1884
box folder
401-1176 1-11. 1885
12-19. 1886
20-21. A-H, 1887
box folder
401-1177 1-6. J-Y, 1887
7-8. 1888
9-14. 1889
15. 1890
16-19. 1891
20-24. 1892
box folder
401-1178 1-5. 1893
6-10. 1894
11-12. 1895
13-17. 1896
18-19. 1897
20-24. 1898
box folder
401-1179 1-6. 1899
7-11. 1900
12. 1901
Abstracts
oversize folder
401-1244 9. 1875
10. 1876
11. 1877
12. 1878-1880
13. 1882
14. 1883
oversize folder
401-1245 1-2. 1884
3. 1885
4. 1886
5. 1887-1888
6. 1889-1890
7. 1891-1892
8. 1893-1895
9. 1895-1897
Outgoing correspondence (Letterpress books)
volume
401-1105 August 22, 1883-May 3, 1886
volume
401-1106 May 3, 1886-June 6, 1887
volume
401-1107 June 14, 1887-March 28, 1890
volume
401-1108 March 29, 1890-September 2, 1891
volume
401-1109 September 3, 1891-January 19, 1893
volume
401-1110 February 3, 1893-February 19, 1895
volume
401-1111 February 21, 1895-January 23, 1899
volume
401-1112 February 6, 1899-January 8, 1901
volume
401-1113 January 10, 1901-September 4, 1902
Appropriations
volume
401-1089 September 1, 1878-February 28, 1887
volume
401-1090 1881-1885
(supplement)
volume
401-1091 March 1, 1887-January 23, 1891
volume
401-1092 January 23, 1891-February 28, 1893
volume
401-1093 1891-1899
Ration accounts
volume
401-1086 Company E, 1880-1886
volume
401-1087 Company F, 1876-1878
Other quartermaster records
oversize folder
401-1244 8. Oversized quartermaster records, 1874
oversize folder
401-1238 6. Property returns, 1874-1875
volume
401-1088 Ordnance account book, Company F, 1876-1879
volume
401-1103 Transfer book: register of vouchers, 1893-1897,
volume
401-1097 Record of scouts, Company F, 1876-1879
volume
401-1094 Cash book, Frontier Forces, 1874-1875
volume
401-1095 Cash book, Special Force/Frontier Battalion, 1879-1881
volume
401-1099 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: 1874
volume
401-1119 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: 1879-1883
volume
401-1102 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: accounts, arrests, 1883-1885
volume
401-1101 Frontier Battalion, miscellaneous: Company A, 1882-1885
volume
401-1080 Frontier Battalion/Ranger accounts, 1897-1901
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899 (bulk 1875),
0.4 cubic ft.
These records consist of the jacket covers to pay vouchers for members of the Frontier Battalion, which at some time were removed from documents that are now located mostly in the Service records series of the Adjutant General's records. They date 1874-1877, 1881, and 1899 (with the bulk dating 1875). They have been retained because they occasionally supply additional information concerning these men's service.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly alphabetically by last name of the claimant, or, in the case of multiple claimants, of the first name on the list.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Claims jackets, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Claims jackets, 1874-1877, 1881, 1899 (bulk 1875)
box folder
401-1193 1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D-F
5. G
6. H
7. I-J
8. L
9. M
10. N
11. O-P
12. R
13. S
14. T-V
15-16. W
17. Miscellaneous
Transcripts, notes, 1873-1901,
fractional
These records consist of copies of documents dating 1873-1901, mainly typed transcripts, including Frontier Battalion correspondence, muster rolls, pay rolls, and other documents, plus various notes on the Frontier Battalion compiled at some unknown time.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts and notes, Frontier Battalion records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Transcripts, notes
box folder
401-1193 18. 1873-1879
19. 1880-1899
20. 1874-1901

Return to the Table of Contents




 

Ranger Force records, 1901-1962, undated (bulk 1901-1918),
9.27 cubic ft.

These records consist of correspondence, scout reports, monthly returns, lists of rangers, printed matter, and quartermaster records, comprising the records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1962, and undated (bulk 1901-1918). Most of these records predate 1918, and only a very few date after 1935, when the Ranger Force was transferred from the Adjutant General's office to the newly-created Texas Department of Public Safety.
The correspondence consists of incoming and (especially) outgoing correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, particularly copies of letters sent by the quartermaster. They date 1902-1962, and undated (bulk 1917-1923). Most items deal with very routine matters; the Ranger correspondence for 1917 is a notable exception, containing letters concerning Special Ranger commissions, pensions, etc. Also included with the Ranger correspondence are a small number of newspaper clippings. There is one enormous, fragile volume that contains General Orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912; besides the Ranger Force, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented. In addition, there is one letterpress book containing copies of a small amount of the outgoing correspondence of Colonel L. P. Sieker, Quartermaster General (January 13-March 4, 1905), plus some of E. M. Phelps (October 12, 1906). Finally, there is an unbound scrapbook containing newspaper clippings apparently compiled by the Department of Public Safety in the first three years of its existence, 1935-1937. The articles clipped deal with the Texas Rangers and also with activities of the Department of Public Safety.
The reports of scouts conducted by members of the Ranger Force date 1901-1917 and undated. Most of these were removed from the monthly returns, although some are still attached to the returns themselves. As with the reports of the Frontier Battalion, many of these documents have no identifying notations as to company, year, or sometimes even month; the folder specifies in which return they were found.
The monthly returns of the companies of the Ranger Force date 1901-1918. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations since the last monthly report, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of the number, description, and condition of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; reports of scouts and arrests; and a recapitulation of arrests made in the month (including date of arrest, name of prisoner, charge, by whom arrested, where arrested, and disposition made of prisoner). Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained separately, including mainly reports of scouts, but also ration returns, correspondence, and quartermaster records.
There are two enlistment logs, plus various lists of Rangers/Special Rangers/Loyalty Rangers, dating 1902-1938, and undated.
The printed matter consists of printed general orders, legislation, and pamphlets associated with the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1923, 1961, and undated.
The quartermaster records consist of expense accounts, receipts, invoices, freight bills, and other records of supplies and services purchased, plus ration returns and vouchers. They comprise the quartermaster records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1939 (bulk 1901-1915). In addition, there are nine volumes containing quartermaster records.
Organization
These records are organized into six subseries:
Correspondence, 1901-1962, undated (bulk 1917-1923), 0.95 cubic ft.
Scout reports, 1901-1917, undated, 1.01 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1901-1918, 4.06 cubic ft.
Lists of Rangers, 1902-1938, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Printed matter, 1901-1923, 1961, undated, fractional
Quartermaster records, 1901-1939 (bulk 1901-1915), 2.98 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed, portions of many 20th century governors' records concern the Texas Rangers and related matters.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Ranger Force military rolls, 1901-1910, 1913-1914, undated, 2.24 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935 (bulk 1901-1935), 7.05 cubic ft.; Special Rangers service records, 1916-1934, 21.15 cubic ft.; Loyalty Rangers service records, 1918, 2.35 cubic ft.; and Railroad Rangers service records, 1922-1935, 7.52 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Extradition records, 1837-1940 (bulk 1875-1900), 57 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, 1961/115, 1976/048, 1978/126, 1980/240, and unknown others
On February 21, 1934, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives "Letters, Q.M.C., Rangers Force, 1905." On February 20, 1962, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives ("some Ranger records"). On December 3, 1975, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives a sizable amount of Ranger Force records, including monthly returns and ration returns (1912-1915), vouchers, receipts for expenses, scout reports, and miscellaneous correspondence. On June 16, 1978, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred another group of monthly returns and ration returns (1913-1919), plus 10 volumes. And on July 15, 1980, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred a box of newspaper clippings.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Correspondence, 1901-1962, undated (bulk 1917-1923),
0.95 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence, military orders, and newspaper clippings, dating 1901-1962 and undated (bulk 1917-1923). The correspondence consists of incoming and (especially) outgoing correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, particularly copies of letters sent by the quartermaster. They date 1902-1962, and undated (bulk 1917-1923). Most items deal with very routine matters; the Ranger correspondence for 1917 is a notable exception, containing letters concerning Special Ranger commissions, pensions, etc. Also included with the Ranger correspondence are a small number of newspaper clippings.
There is one enormous, fragile volume that contains General Orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the Ranger Force, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Police, State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Forces, Frontier Battalion, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard.
In addition, there is one letterpress book containing about 25 pages, copies of a small amount of the outgoing correspondence of Colonel L. P. Sieker, Quartermaster General (January 13-March 4, 1905), plus some of E. M. Phelps (October 12, 1906).
Finally, there is an unbound scrapbook containing newspaper clippings apparently compiled by the Department of Public Safety in the first three years of its existence, 1935-1937. The articles clipped deal with the Texas Rangers and also with activities of the Department of Public Safety.
For the bulk of substantive correspondence concerning the Ranger Force, the researcher should consult the Departmental correspondence series of the Adjutant General's records.
Arrangement
The loose records are arranged roughly chronologically, by year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. The large volume of General Orders is also very fragile. Therefore these may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Correspondence
box folder
401-1183 1. 1902
2. 1903
3. 1904
4. 1905
5. 1906
6. 1907
7. 1908
8. 1909
9. 1910-1913
10. 1914
11. 1915
12. 1916
13-21. 1917
22-24. 1918
25-31. 1919
box folder
401-1184 1-4. 1920
5-7. 1921
8-14. 1922
15-17. 1923
18. 1924
19. 1925
20. 1926
21. 1927
22. 1928
23. 1929-1932
24. 1947-1948, 1950-1951, 1962
25. undated
volume
401-1114 Letterpress book, Quartermaster, Ranger Force, 1905-1906
volume
401-984 General Orders, 1901-1912
[Note: Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
box
1980/240 Department of Public Safety newspaper clippings, 1935-1937
Scout reports, 1901-1917, undated,
1.01 cubic ft.
These records consist of loose reports of scouts conducted by members of the Ranger Force between 1901 and 1917, and undated. Most of these were removed from the monthly returns, although some are still attached to the returns themselves. As with the reports of the Frontier Battalion, many of these documents have no identifying notations as to company, year, or sometimes even month; the folder specifies in which return they were found. Generally fragile, the most deteriorated of these reports have been pieced together and photocopied for preservation of their content.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Scout reports, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Scout reports, Company A
box folder
401-1186 1. 1901
2. 1902
3-4. 1903
5. 1904
6. 1905
7. 1906
8. 1907-1908
9. 1908
10. 1909-1911
11. 1911
12. 1912
13-15. 1914
16. 1915
17. 1916 [?]
Scout reports, Company B
box folder
401-1186 18. 1901
19. 1902-1904
20. 1902
21. 1904
22. 1908
23. 1909
24. 1910
25. 1911
26. 1912
27. 1913
28. 1914
29. 1915
30. 1916
31. 1917
Scout reports, Company C
box folder
401-1187 1-2. 1901
3. 1902-1904
4-6. 1902
7-9. 1903
10-12. 1904
13-14. 1905
15-16. 1906
17. 1907-1908
18-19. 1907
20. 1908
21. 1909
22. 1910
23. 1911
24. 1915
Scout reports, Company D
box folder
401-1188 1. 1902
2. 1906
3. 1907-1908
4. 1910
5. 1911
6-7. 1915
8. 1917
9. undated
Monthly returns, 1901-1918,
4.06 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized monthly returns of the companies of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1918. Information contained on these returns includes: station, date, number of officers and men present and absent (by status and by rank), alterations since the last monthly report, numbers of horses and mules, and remarks; a return of the number, description, and condition of public property, and the increase/decrease in public property; reports of scouts and arrests; and a recapitulation of arrests made in the month (including date of arrest, name of prisoner, charge, by whom arrested, where arrested, and disposition made of prisoner). Loose documents that were previously filed with these returns are now maintained separately, including mainly reports of scouts, but also ration returns, correspondence, and quartermaster records. Some of the returns have two copies.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by company, and then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Monthly returns, Company A
oversize folder
401-1259 5. 1901
6. 1902
7. 1903
8. 1904
9. 1905
10. 1906
oversize folder
401-1260 1. 1907
2. 1908
oversize folder
401-1239 4. 1908
[oversized]
oversize folder
401-1260 3. 1909
4. 1910
5. 1911
6. 1912
7. 1913-1914 (bulk 1914)
8. 1915
Monthly returns, Company B
oversize folder
401-1260 9. 1901
10. 1902
11. 1903
oversize folder
401-1261 1. 1904
2. 1905
3. 1906
4. 1907
5. 1908
6. 1909
7. 1910
8. 1911
9-10. 1912
11. 1913
12-13. 1914
oversize folder
401-1262 1. 1915
2. 1916
3. 1917-1918
Monthly returns, Company C
oversize folder
401-1262 4. 1901
5. 1902
oversize folder
401-1239 5. 1902
[oversized]
oversize folder
401-1262 6-7. 1903
8. 1904
9. 1905
10. 1906
oversize folder
401-1263 1. 1907
oversize folder
401-1239 5. 1906-1907
[oversized]
oversize folder
401-1263 2. 1908
3. 1909
4. 1910
oversize folder
401-1239 6. 1908-1910
[oversized]
oversize folder
401-1263 5. 1911
6. 1912
7. 1913
8. 1914
9-10. 1915
Monthly returns, Company D
oversize folder
401-1264 1. 1901
2. 1902
3. 1903
4. 1904
5. 1905
6. 1906
7. 1907
8. 1908
9. 1909
10. 1910-1911 (bulk 1910)
11. 1915
12. 1918
Monthly returns, Company E
oversize folder
401-1264 13. 1917-1918
Monthly returns, Company F
oversize folder
401-1264 14. 1918
Monthly returns, Company G
oversize folder
401-1264 14. 1917
Lists of Rangers, 1902-1938, undated,
0.2 cubic ft.
These records consist of two enlistment logs, plus various lists of Rangers/Special Rangers/Loyalty Rangers, dating 1902-1938, and undated.
The enlistment logs are two volumes that give enlistment data on Regular Rangers, Special Rangers, and Railroad Rangers (1919-1938), including Cattle Raisers Association Special Rangers/Inspectors (1919 and 1933-1938). The data includes the following: date of discharge/transfer/resignation, rank, name, date of enlistment, and (for Special Rangers) city or town of residence. The index on page 1 of each volume includes the names of the railroad companies that were assigned Rangers.
The loose lists include the following:
  • A list of Rangers with enlistment dates between 1916 and 1917. Information on this list includes date of enlistment, name, occupation, address, age, marital status (for some), plus a color coding for sheriffs, railroad [rangers], and mayors.
  • A list of inspectors for the Cattle Raisers Association who were Rangers without pay, dated September 25, 1918, giving name and address; also, a list of regular Rangers by company, dated September 22, 1920, giving name, rank, pay, and station.
  • An undated list stating "The following now hold commissions as Special Rangers," giving name, rank, and occupation. This list was paired with the following list, and therefore probably post-dates 1919.
  • A list stating "These Special Rangers had their commissions revoked January 15, 1919, and as yet none have been reappointed;" information includes name, occupation, and town.
  • An undated list of Loyalty Rangers, giving name, town, and county.
  • Two different lists of Loyalty Rangers, arranged by county, giving county, name, post office address, telegraphic address, phone, and by whom recommended.
Arrangement
The enlistment logs are arranged roughly chronologically, and then by company or railroad. The loose lists are arranged roughly chronologically, with entries in each list generally arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Lists of Rangers, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession Numbers: 1978/126, and unknown others
The two enlistment logs were transferred to the Archives Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Department of Public Safety on June 16, 1978. Accession data on the other lists is unknown.
Lists of Rangers
box folder
401-1188 10. Rangers, 1916-1917
11. Rangers, 1918, 1920
12. Special Rangers, 1919 [?]
13. Ex-Special Rangers, 1919
14. Loyalty Rangers (alphabetical), undated
15-16. Loyalty Rangers (by county), undated
17. Other lists, 1899/1902-1910, 1909, 1913, 1932
Enlistment logs
volume
401-1115 1919-1933
volume
401-1116 1933-1938
Printed matter, 1901-1923, 1961, undated,
fractional
These records consist of printed general orders, legislation, and pamphlets associated with the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1923, 1961, and undated.
There are five General Orders (1901, 1911, 1915, and 1917), all publications of the Act of the 27th Legislature "to provide for the organization of a Ranger Force." There is one circular (1909) concerning pensions.
Pamphlets include the following: a copy of Rule and Regulations governing the Ranger Force (1919); a booklet compiled by Fred R. Rymer, entitled The Story of the Texas Rangers: Excerpts from the book by Walter Prescott Webb, undated [post-1935]; a pamphlet published by the Texas Department of Public Safety, The Texas Ranger (1961); and a poem by Pierre Bernard Hill, a Ranger chaplain, "The Ranger's Prayer" (undated).
Finally, there is a 106-page bound typescript compilation of "Ranger Laws" (undated), covering laws enacted between 1823 and 1923.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Printed matter, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
401-1184 26. General Orders, 1901, 1911, 1915, 1917
27. Miscellaneous printed matter, 1919, 1961, undated
28. Blank forms
29. Ranger laws, undated
Quartermaster records, 1901-1939 (bulk 1901-1915),
2.98 cubic ft.
These records consist of expense accounts, receipts, invoices, freight bills, and other records of supplies and services purchased, plus ration returns and vouchers. They comprise the quartermaster records of the Ranger Force, dating 1901-1939 (bulk 1901-1915).
Ration returns and vouchers are maintained separately from the other quartermaster records.
In addition, there are nine volumes containing quartermaster records, most of them transferred to the State Archives by the Department of Public Safety on June 16, 1978.
One volume labeled "Transfer Book, Col. A. E. Devine to Col. L. T. Rogers, February 1, 1907" contains items from both the Frontier Battalion and the Ranger Force. Among the latter type of record are quartermaster issues and ordnance issues (both from 1906), and a list of quartermaster supplies returned from Camp Mabry (December 1905).
One volume contains Ranger accounts for 1906-1919, giving the following information: date, name, company, for what (e.g., payroll, incidental expenses, supplies, telephone messages, etc.), voucher number, and amount.
One volume lists Ranger accounts (such as salaries and supplies) for 1919 (pages 1-83), plus ordnance accounts for 1919-1933 (pages 254-300).
Three volumes consist of Ranger accounts for 1919-1922 and 1926-1931, divided into the following areas: salary, subsistence, forage, ammunition, transportation, telephone and telegraph, rent, fuel, lights, water, horseshoing, and auto upkeep. A table of contents inside the front cover serves as a guide.
Three volumes constitute Account Journals for the Ranger Force (1919-1939), arranged chronologically, including the following information: date, voucher number, rank, name, account (e.g., payroll, forage, subsistence 7 men, etc.), company, warrant number, and amount. The amount is listed under one of a series of columns, including: salary, subsistence, forage, travel allowance, transportation, rent, telephone and telegraph, horseshoing, auto expense, camp equipment, express and freight, stamps and stationery, or ammunition.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of document, and therein roughly chronologically. Ration returns are arranged by year, then by company, and then by month; vouchers are arranged roughly chronologically, by year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, Ranger Force records, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession Numbers: 1933/001, 1976/048, 1978/126, and unknown others
On February 21, 1934, the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives "Letters, Q.M.C., Rangers Force, 1905." On December 3, 1975 the Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred to the Texas State Archives a sizable amount of Ranger Force records, including ration returns (1912-1915), vouchers, receipts for expenses. On June 16, 1978, the Texas Department of Public Safety transferred another group of ration returns (1913-1919), plus 10 volumes.
Quartermaster records
box folder
401-1188 18-19. 1901
20-26. 1902
27-31. 1903
box folder
401-1189 1-3. 1904
4. 1905
5-9. 1906
10-12. 1907
13. 1908
14. 1909
15. 1910-1911
16. 1914-1915 (bulk 1915)
17. 1916-1917 (bulk 1917)
18. 1918-1920, 1922 (bulk 1918)
Ration returns
box folder
401-1189 19. 1901
20-21. 1902
22-23. 1903
24-25. 1904
26-27. 1905
28-29. 1906
box folder
401-1190 1-2. 1907
3-4. 1908
5-6. 1909
7-8. 1910
9. 1911
10-11. 1912
12. 1913
13-14. 1914
15. 1915
Vouchers
box folder
401-1190 16. 1901
17-21. 1902
box folder
401-1191 1-5. 1903
6-8. 1904
9-10. 1905
11-13. 1906
14-16. 1907
box folder
401-1192 1-4. 1908
5-6. 1909
7-9. 1910
10. 1913
11-12. 1914
13. 1915, 1918
Ranger accounts
volume
401-1120 1906-1919
volume
401-1117 1919-1933
volume
401-1121 1919-1920
volume
401-1122 1920-1922
volume
401-1123 1926-1931
Ranger account journals
volume
401-1137 1919-1921
volume
401-1138 1923-1931
volume
401-1139 1931-1939
Other
volume
401-1103 Transfer book: Quartermaster and ordnance issues, 1905-1907

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Transcripts and notes, 1852-1975,
fractional

These records consist of transcripted copies of documents and notes concerning Texas Rangers over the course of their history. The originals from which the copies were made date 1852-1975. An example is a 28-page alphabetical list of Texas Rangers, 1854-1935, giving name, rank, unit, and date of service.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transcripts and notes, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
box folder
401-1193 21-22. Transcripts, notes, 1852-1975
23. Lists of Texas Rangers and stations, 1854-1935

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Records of State claims against the United States, 1871-1890,
0.12 cubic ft.

These records consist of correspondence and copies of correspondence, memoranda, and copies of legislation, all of which document the progress of the claims that the State of Texas made against the United States government for frontier protection. These claims were pursued between 1871 and 1890, under the aegis of various state and federal laws, for service both before and after the Civil War. The persons involved in this series of claims include State of Texas officials (Governor Edmund J. Davis, the State Comptroller, the State Treasurer, the President of the Senate, Texas Secretary of State James P. Newcomb as agent for the claims), and federal officials (the Secretary of War, the Quartermaster of the U.S., the Second Comptroller of the U.S., U.S. Representative J. D. Sayers). Many of the pre-Civil War Ranger records previously described, such as powers of attorney and quartermaster records, were forwarded to the federal government in support of these claims, stamped "War Department, 1871" (plus file numbers), and subsequently returned to the state when processed. The letters from the 1880s in this group are also typically stamped, for example, "War Department, 1885;" or "Quartermaster General, March 1886;" or "State War Claims, December 1886."
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Texas Ranger (Pre-Civil War) military rolls, 1846-1861, 4.57 cubic ft.; Provisional State Troops military rolls, 1871, fractional; Frontier Forces military rolls, 1870-1873, undated (bulk 1870-1871), 0.97 cubic ft.; Minute Men military rolls, (1872-1874)1877, 3.36 cubic ft.; Texas Ranger military rolls, 1873-1874, 0.69 cubic ft.; and Frontier Battalion military rolls, 1874-1901, 8.76 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871, 4.23 cubic ft.; and Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901 (bulk 1874-1898), 17.86 cubic ft.
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, [ca. 1917]-[ca. 1972], 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.) [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of State claims against the United States, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Records of State claims
box folder
401-1194 1-3. 1871
4. 1872-1877
5. 1885-1886
6. 1889-1890

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Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, 1908-1932, undated,
0.12 cubic ft.

These records consist of various documents relating to federal pensions awarded to Texas Rangers between 1908 and 1932, and undated, including the following types of records:
  • printed copies of federal and state legislative documents:
    • Act of Congress of May 30, 1908 (in Circular No. 3);
    • H.R. 13048, 63rd Congress, 2nd Session (1914);
    • H.R. 655, 64th Congress, 1st Session (1916);
    • Correspondence relative to the construction of the Act of March 4, 1917 relating to Texas Rangers, furnished to the Committee on Pensions, 65th Congress, 2nd Session (1918);
    • H.R. 4, 67th Congress (1922);
    • H.R. 12532, 69th Congress (1927);
    • Senate Bill (S.B.) 287, 41st Legislature (1929);
    • H.J. Resolution 343, 70th Congress (1929);
    • Hearing before the Subcommittee on Pensions, House of Representatives, 72nd Congress, 1st Session (1932)--an 81 page booklet;
  • memoranda and instructions concerning the administration of claims (1908, 1918, 1922);
  • lists of Ranger organizations accepted--and rejected--as pensionable under the acts of 1908 and 1927;
  • various correspondence between the Bureau of Pensions of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Texas State Archivist (1924 and 1929), including a 4-page list of pensioners; and
  • a typical file of pension correspondence, between applicant Walter "Pete" Calloway and various state and federal officials (U.S. Senator Morris Sheppard, Adjutants General Henry Hutchings and James A. Harley, Commissioners of the Bureau of Pensions, and U.S. Representative John A. Key), 1917-1918.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935, 179.07 cubic ft.
Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, [ca. 1917]-[ca. 1972], 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.) [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed manuscript collection, other than index cards in the Texas State Archives search room. However, Stephens' book (listed below) may serve as a kind of index. Call numbers are 1972/140-1 thru 8.]
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records concerning federal Ranger pensions, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
Accession records are too incomplete to determine when these records were transferred.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, November 1987
Records concerning federal Ranger pensions
box folder
401-1194 7. 1908-1918
8. 1922-1929
9. 1928-1932
10. undated
11-12. Correspondence concerning the pension of W. P. Calloway, 1917-1918

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Ranger reminiscences, 1937,
0.13 cubic ft.

These records consist of personal reminiscences, both manuscript and typescript, of seven ex-Rangers; these brief memoirs were solicited by Harriet Smither, Texas State Archivist, in April and May 1937. The periods of service of the men who responded to her request range from "after the Civil War" to after 1927. These are the dates that appear below in parentheses after each man's name.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Ranger reminiscences, Ranger records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: unknown
These brief memoirs were solicited by Harriet Smither, Texas State Archivist, in April and May 1937.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, May 1988
Ranger reminiscences, 1937
box folder
401-1234 8. Ellington, G. W. (1874)
9-10. Holston, J. Willis (1883-1885)
11. Kimbell, R. G. (1878-1881)
12. McPeeters, H. T. (post-Civil War)
13. Roberts, William B. (ca. 1868-1869)
14. Secrest, R. Y. (1927-?)
15. Taylor, J. H. (1874-1875)

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