Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) Records at the Texas State Archives, 1898-1904 (bulk 1898-1901)



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Title: Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records
Dates: 1898-1904
Dates: (bulk 1898-1901)
Abstract: These records consist of circulars, general and special orders, related printed matter, records of personnel, quartermaster and ordnance records, records of payments for service, and claims files, all relating to the Texas Volunteers which were mobilized for service in the Spanish-American War of 1898. The records date 1898-1904 (bulk 1898-1901).
Quantity: 3.97 cubic ft.
Language English.

Agency History

On April 25, 1898, the U.S. Congress declared war on Spain. Two days before, President William McKinley had issued a call for 125,000 volunteers. The Spanish-American War saw the nationalization of the Texas Volunteer Guard, which was organized into four regiments of infantry and one of cavalry, and designated the Texas Volunteers. A truce was signed in August, and a treaty formally ending the war in December 1898. The Texas Volunteers were de-nationalized in late 1898, and the Texas Volunteer Guard was reorganized on April 1, 1903 as the Texas National Guard.

An act of the U.S. Congress was approved on July 8, 1898, entitled "An Act to reimburse the governors of States and Territories for expenses incurred by them in aiding the United States to raise and organize, and supply and equip the Volunteer Army of the United States in the existing war with Spain." This act was amended by another act of Congress (approved March 3, 1899), and paralleled by an act of the 23rd Legislature of Texas (approved June 1, 1899). Simply put, the individual claimants would submit claims against the State of Texas, which would in turn submit claims against the United States government.


Scope and Contents of the Records

These records consist of circulars, general and special orders, related printed matter, records of personnel, quartermaster and ordnance records, records of payments for service, and claims files, all relating to the Texas Volunteers which were mobilized for service in the Spanish-American War of 1898. The records date 1898-1904 (bulk 1898-1901).


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized into five series:
Military orders and related printed matter, 1898-1901, fractional
Records of personnel, 1898-1901, 0.52 cubic ft.
Records of property, 1898, 0.25 cubic ft.
Records of payments for service, 1898-1904 (bulk 1901-1902), 1.20 cubic ft.
Claims, 1898-1901, 1.91 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
United States. Army. Texas Cavalry Regiment, 1st (1898).
United States. Army. Texas Infantry Regiment, 1st (1898).
United States. Army. Texas Infantry Regiment, 2nd (1898).
United States. Army. Texas Infantry Regiment, 3rd (1898).
United States. Army. Texas Infantry Regiment, 4th (1898).
Subjects:
Spanish-American War, 1898.
Document Types:
Orders (military records)--Texas--1898-1902.
Returns (military reports)--Texas--Military records--1898-1902.
Financial records--Texas--Military records--1898-1902.
Pay records--Texas--Military records--1898-1902.
Claims--Texas--Military records--1898-1902.
Rosters--Texas--Military records--1898-1902.
Functions:
Protecting country.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Charles Allen Culberson, 1891-1899, 10.34 cubic ft.
"The Roster of the Rough Riders "[There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 1987/096.]
"History and Minutes of the Department of Texas Spanish War Veterans from 1909 to 1946 "[There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed collection. Call number is Volume 2-1/203.]
Spanish-American War papers of Captain George Willrich, in the Adina de Zavala Collection [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed collection. Call number is 2-23/988.].
36th Division Association Papers, 1857-1964 and [19--], 13 ft., 2 in.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence, 1846-1943 (bulk 1861-1933), 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) military rolls, 1898-1899, 1901, undated, 5.66 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records, United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War) service records, 1898, 17.86 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteer Guard records, 1874-1904, undated, 19.34 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1933/001

The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.

Processing Information

Tony Black, February 1987


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Military orders and related printed matter, 1898-1901,
fractional

These records consist of more than 100 printed circulars, general orders and special orders issued by both state and federal military officials during (or if after, related to) the Spanish-American War. They date 1898-1901. Twelve of them are general orders issued by the Adjutant General of Texas; 41 are special orders emanating from the headquarters of the Department of the Gulf in Atlanta, Georgia; 38 are special orders issued by either the War Department or the Headquarters of the Army in Washington, D.C. between July, 1898 and March, 1899.
In addition, there are a number of printed items, including the following: a proclamation by the Governor of Texas (April 25, 1898) [typescript]; rules for the preparation and settlement of claims, printed by the Treasury Department, Auditor for the War Department (August 10, 1898); Public Bill Number 209, an "Act to reimburse the governors of states..." (March 3, 1899); and Senate Document Number 260 from the 56th Congress, 1st Session, a letter from the Secretary of War concerning expenses of volunteers during the organization of the army for the Spanish War (March, 1900). Finally, there is a packet of assorted documents labeled "Rules, Acts of Congress, General Orders, and Circular."
Arrangement
These records are arranged by originating office and by kind of order, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Military orders and related printed matter, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, February 1987
Adjutant General of Texas
box folder
401-891 1. General Orders, April-July 1898
1. Circulars, November 1899 and February 1901
3rd Texas Volunteer Infantry
box folder
401-891 1. Special Orders, December 1898
Department of the Gulf
box folder
401-891 2. General Orders, 1898
2. Special Orders, July-September 1898
3. Special Orders, October-December 1898
Adjutant General of the United States (Washington, D.C.)
box folder
401-891 4. Headquarters of the Army: General Orders, April-May 1898
4. War Department: Circulars, June 1898
4. War Department: Special Orders, July-August 1898
4. Headquarters of the Army: Special Orders, October-December 1898
4. Headquarters of the Army: Special Orders, January-March 1899
5. Printed matter, 1898-1900



 

Records of personnel, 1898-1901,
0.52 cubic ft.

These records consist of regimental returns, descriptive lists of recruits, an officer's index, reports on officers, lists of rejected men, and petitions for demobilization, dating 1898-1901.
The regimental returns are seven oversized returns from the following regiments of Texas Volunteers: the 1st Infantry at Jacksonville, Florida (July, 1898) and Miami, Florida (August, 1898); the 2nd Infantry at Mobile, Alabama (May, 1898) and Miami, Florida (June, 1898); and the 1st Cavalry at Fort Sam Houston, Texas (June-August, 1898). Information contained on each return includes the following: stations of companies and names of company captains; numbers of officers and enlisted men present and absent, both by status (e.g., "sick") and by rank; alterations (gain/loss) since the last monthly return; numbers of horses; absent enlisted men accounted for by name; a record of events; the commissioned officers (names, ranks, stations, and remarks); and alterations among enlisted men (name, rank, company, date, place, and remarks).
The descriptive lists of recruits, some on pre-printed forms and others on handmade forms, cover most of the companies in the 3rd Regiment of Texas Volunteer Infantry, and most of the troops in the 1st Regiment of Texas Volunteer Cavalry. Information contained on the forms varies, but normally includes the following: name, rank, age at enlistment, height, complexion, color of eyes, color of hair, where born (town or county, and state or kingdom), occupation, and enlistment data (when, where, by whom, and for what period). Other occasional information includes: residence, number of miles travelled from residence to place of rendezvous, marital status, name and address of parent/guardian/nearest relative, and to what date last paid. Pencil notations usually state "Indexed." In addition, there are wrappers listing names under the heading "correspondence, applications, etc." for each of the four infantry regiments and the cavalry regiment (dated 1898), plus other wrappers that list by name the descriptive and assignment cards of recruits assigned to the 3rd Texas Infantry since the original muster.
There is a volume labeled "Index, Texas U.S. Volunteers, 4th Texas Infantry," with additional notations: "Officers recorded in officers' roster--for officers and enlisted men see muster rolls;" and "Index No. 3." This alphabetical index gives only name and county.
The reports on officers include two documents. One is a list of infantry officers from all four regiments, giving company, city, name, rank, and comments (e.g., "excellent," or "good, promoted to major," or "incompetent, lazy and intemperate."). The other is a report in chart form on officers of the 1st Infantry, dated October 1899; information includes: name, company, rank, regiment, whether a graduate, name of educational institution, whether formerly a member of the Texas Volunteer Guard, and whether an officer in the Texas Volunteer Guard, or rank on April 20, 1898.
The lists of officers and men rejected by the U.S. Medical Examiner, dating 1901 but referring to the mobilization of troops in 1898, includes information that varies from list to list: name, rank, residence, date enrolled (or date of assembly at rendezvous), date of rejection, number of days, rate of pay, and amount of pay. Several, in fact, are in the form of a payroll.
There are two petitions for demobilization or mustering out of companies (both dated September 1898), on the grounds that the war was nearly over. One was addressed to the Adjutant General of Texas, the other to the U.S. Adjutant General but forwarded to the Texas Adjutant General. These lists of signatures included 103 men of Company C, 3rd Texas Volunteer Infantry, and 92 men of Troop A, 1st Texas Volunteer Cavalry.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record. Regimental returns are arranged by organization, and therein chronologically. The lists of officers and men rejected are arranged by company.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of personnel, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, February 1987
Records of personnel
map-case folder
401-1321 8. Regimental returns, 1898
oversize folder
401-822 11. Descriptive lists, 3rd Infantry, 1898
12. Descriptive lists, 1st Cavalry, 1898
box folder
401-891 6. List of alterations, 1st Infantry, May-July 1898
7. Lists of descriptive and assignment cards of recruits, 3rd Infantry, 1898
8. Wrappers, 1898
9. Reports on officers, 1899
10. Lists of rejected men, 1901
11. Petitions for demobilization, 1898
volume
401-1141 Index of officers, 4th Texas Infantry, undated



 

Records of property, 1898,
0.25 cubic ft.

These comprise quartermaster and ordnance records of the Texas Volunteers for the Spanish-American War, 1898.
The quartermaster records include mostly invoices and receipts of quartermaster stores for individual companies, often joined on one form. In addition, there are returns, requisitions, vouchers, bills of lading, affidavits of responsibility, affidavits of loss, and correspondence.
The ordnance records include invoices and receipts of ordnance and ordnance stores, plus returns, affidavits of loss, and bills of lading.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by kind of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of property, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, February 1987
Records of property
box folder
401-891 12-22. Quartermaster records, 1898
23-25. Ordnance records, 1898



 

Records of payments for services, 1898-1904 (bulk 1901-1902),
1.20 cubic ft.

These records consist of eleven letterpress books containing records of pay of recruits, in two groups, dating 1901-1902. The first group of letterpress books are actually receipts for pay vouchers, with a cover letter stating: "Enclosed herewith I hand you a receipt [sic] filled out to cover the amount due you by the State of Texas for pay from the date of assembly of your troop....Please sign the receipt below and write your Post Office address...and a check will then be mailed to you for the amount named therein....Thomas Scurry." This is followed at the foot of the page by a receipt: "Received from Honorable Joseph D. Sayers, Governor of Texas, the sum of $_____ in payment of the amount due me, [rank, company, regiment]. [Signature]."
The second group of letterpress books record the actual payment, stating: "Enclosed herewith please find check No._____ on the Austin National Bank for $_____ in payment of the amount due you for service...." These volumes have indexes, by the letter of the company rather than the name of the soldier.
In addition, there are a handful of documents relating to payments for other services relating to the Spanish-American War, dating 1898-1904. These include a memorandum for the routing of troops to Austin; payrolls for clerk hire, night guard, and labor necessary for transferring camp equipage to the U.S. Volunteers; and a bank statement for 1901.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of letterpress book, and therein by regiment.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of payments for services, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken already or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Processed by
Tony Black, February 1987
Vouchers
volume
401-1035 1st Cavalry, August 1, 1901
volume
401-1036 1st Infantry, August 1, 1901
volume
401-1037 2nd Infantry, August 1, 1901
volume
401-1038 3rd Infantry, August 1, 1901
volume
401-1039 4th Infantry, August 1, November 1, 1901
volume
401-1040 4th Infantry and rejects, November 1-29, 1901
Payments
volume
401-1041 1st Cavalry, August 12, 1901-February 18, 1902
volume
401-1042 1st Infantry, August 15, 1901-March 8, 1902
volume
401-1043 2nd Infantry, September 2, 1901-May 12, 1902
volume
401-1044 3rd Infantry, October 7, 1901-March 25, 1902
volume
401-1045 4th Infantry, November 13, 1901-April 7, 1902
box folder
401-891 26. Records of payments for services, 1898-1904



 

Claims, 1898-1901,
1.91 cubic ft.

An act of the U.S. Congress was approved on July 8, 1898, entitled "An Act to reimburse the governors of States and Territories for expenses incurred by them in aiding the United States to raise and organize, and supply and equip the Volunteer Army of the United States in the existing war with Spain." This act, amended by another act of Congress (approved March 3, 1899), and paralleled by an act of the 23rd Legislature of Texas (approved June 1, 1899), constitute the enabling legislation behind this group of Adjutant General's records. Simply put, the individual claimants would submit claims against the State of Texas, which would in turn submit claims against the United States government. The researcher can find circulars and rules for the preparation and settlement of these claims in the Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records' series Military orders and related printed matter, described elsewhere.
These records consist of two types of Spanish-American War-related claims files, dating 1898-1901. The first of these are claims by the State of Texas against the United States, which were presented in 12 installments between 1900 and 1901. A typical installment package includes cover letters from the Treasury Department, Office of Auditor for the War Department in Washington, D.C., to Adjutant General of Texas Thomas Scurry; abstracts of vouchers; statements of differences; and explantations.
The second type of claim file is the individual claim presented to the State of Texas, which formed the basis for the first type of claim. A typical individual claim file includes correspondence concerning the claim; cover letters; affidavits; vouchers; and receipts for payment of the claim.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of claim file. Claims by the State of Texas are arranged numerically, by installment. Individual claims are arranged alphabetically by name of the individual or business.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Claims, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Processed by
Tony Black, February 1987
Claims of State of Texas vs. United States, 1900-1901
box folder
401-892-A 1. 1st Installment
2. 2nd Installment
3. 3rd Installment
4. 4th Installment
5. 5th Installment
6. 6th Installment
7. 7th Installment
8. 8th Installment
9. 9th Installment
10. 10th Installment
11. 11th Installment
12. 12th Installment
13. Miscellaneous
Individual claims, 1898-1901
box folder
401-892-B 1. Abbot, Elisha G.
2. Adams, W. F.
3. Anderson, A. D.
4. Austin and Northwestern Railroad Company
5. Austin National Bank
6. Bailey, J. W.
7. Berger, Mrs. C.
8. Bierbower, Captain C. G.
9. Bledsoe, Isaac
10. Bower, E. G.
11. Boyd, W. E.
12. Bradley, Presley B.
13. Brewer, William
14. Briggs, L. F.
15. Brown, Frank Jr.
16. Brown, Richmond N.
17. Bryan, E. W.
18. Bryan, L. L.
19. Burdette, A. G.
20-21. Burges, Captain Alfred R.
22. Campbell, F. E.
23. Carroll, Reverend Benajah H. Jr.
24. Chance, S. B.
25. Chapman Hardware
26. Cloyd, George W.
27. Cohen, Jake
28. Colby, Frank C.
29. Dennis, R. T. and Co.
30. Deutser, E.
31. Dies, Martin
32. Duke, M. H.
33. Dumas, V. J.
34. Dunn, B. H.
35. Ellison and Badger
36. Falcone, Mrs. J.
37. Feinberg, S.
38. Finks, W. K. and Co.
39. Fisher, Captain A. S.
40. Flanagan and McDougle
41. Foochee, J. A.
42. Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad Company
43. Frank, A. B. and Company
44. Frank Brothers
45. Galveston, Houston and San Antonio Railway Company
46. Gary, Hampson
47. Gililland, Captain J. K.
48. Grand, Dr. C. W. and Erwin, Dr. T. T.
49. Green, G. E.
50. Green, H. C.
51. Griffin, John A.
52. Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company
53. Gunn, Captain Joe R.
box folder
401-893 1. Haldeman, H. P. and Co.
2. Halff, M. and Brother
3. Hammond, D. S.
4. Harrison, James A.
5. Hatzfeld and Company
6. Hecht, M.
7. Hill, R. E.
8. Hille, O. J.
9. Hillsboro Investment and Electric Company
10. Hirt and Miller
11. Holland, R. S.
12. Holman, Captain J. R.
13-14. Holman, Captain W. S.
15. Holser, W. C.
16. Hooser, J. N.
17-18. Houston and Texas Central Railroad Company
19. Houston East and West Texas Railroad Company
20. Howell, Jesse
21. Hughes, Mrs. C. W.
22. Hughes Brothers and Boswell
23. Hunter, Captain J. R.
24. Ingram, Dryden A.
25-26. International and Great Northern Railroad Company
27. Ireson, Captain J. W.
28. Jarvis, Captain R. L.
29. Johnson, D. R.
30. Jones, Tom
31. Lapowski Mercantile Company
32. Lawlor, James
33. Lazarus, L.
34. Lee, Captain E. C.
35. Leffler, Captain H. S.
36. Levine, Pierce
37. Levy, Leon R.
38. Lloyd, W. K.
39. Lockett, M. B.
40. Lockett, W. A.
41. Low, Theodore
42. Luther, J. F.
43. Lyon, Dupont B.
44. Martin-Brown Company
45. Mayer and Schmidt
46. Mayfield, W. N.
47. McCampbell and Sutherland
48. McCormick, Captain George
49. McKean Eilers and Company
50. Macmanus, A. F. W.
51. Miller, Wallace R.
52. Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway
53. Mitchell, Captain C. S.
54. Moon, J. L.
55. Morrison, H. Jr.
56. Mothner Brothers
57. Muchert, Captain Julius E.
box folder
401-894 1. Nathan, J. J., and Company
2. New York, Texas and Mexican Railroad Company
3. Nix and Baird
4. Norwood, Hammond
5. Nussnaum, Julius and Company
6. Owen, W. H.
7. Pacific Express Company
8. Pancoast, A. and Sons
9. Parham, L. B.
10. Parish, Captain S. W.
11. Pedigo, C. R.
12. Pendergast Smith and Company
13. Perrenot, Captain E. E.
14. Piper, F. A. and Company
15. Postal Telegraph Cable Company
16. Price, West F.
17. Raatz
18. Ramsdell, F. R., MD
19. Ranssel, Thomas
20. Rareshide, A. M.
21. Reed, T. S., and Son
22. Rembert, F. T.
23. Rhea, Captain James F.
24. Richardson, W. H.
25. Roberts, T. P.
26. Robertson, C. P.
27. Rumsey, R. S., Livery Stable
28. St. Louis Southwestern Railroad Company of Texas
29. Sanger Brothers
30. Scivally, W. J.
31. Seaman and East Grocery Company
32. Sewell, T. E.
33. Shields, E. G.
34. Simms, W. E.
35. Skeen, Thomas D.
36. Smith and Brady
37. Smith, Captain James W.
38. Smith, Captain Walter L.
39. Southwestern Telephone and Telegraph Company
40. Staerker, Julius F.
41. Stafford, J. E.
42. Stein, C. N.
43. Sullivan, R. J.
44. Sumner, Ben F.
45. Teagarden and Shumate
46. Texas Midland Railroad
47. Texas and New Orleans Railroad
48. Texas and Pacific Railway Company
49. Theriot, Captain Victor N.
50. Thomas, W. Tass
51. Tips, Walter
52. Tobin, John W.
53. Towles, Captain Churchill
54. Tucker Zive and Company
box folder
401-895 1-2. Walker, Captain William W.
3. Walpole, Captain William
4. Water Works, Electric Light and Power
5. Watts, Wiltz W.
6. Webb Brothers and Davis
7. Weiss, E. C.
8. West, Captain George
9. West, William O.
10. Western Union Telegraph Company
11. Wharton, Reverend A. J.
12. Whittington, Nat
13-14. Willrich, Captain George
15. Young, Captain F. S.
16. Younger, Captain Louis H.