Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Adjutant General's Civil War Records at the Texas State Archives, 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Title: Civil War records
Dates: 1855, 1860-1866, undated
Dates: bulk 1861-1865
Abstract: With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office of Texas Adjutant General, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office. Two other governmental entities were also involved in Texas during this time: Confederate officials, and Union troops. These records include correspondence, military orders, monthly returns, records of the sick and wounded, reports of guards, morning reports, pay vouchers, reports and payrolls of hired persons, tax-in-kind records, and quartermaster records (contracts, vouchers, statements, estimates of funds required, receipts of public funds, and various abstracts). They comprise the Civil War-era records of the Texas State Troops (including Frontier Regiment and Mounted Regiment records); certain records of the Confederate States Army; and certain records of Union forces in Texas. Dates covered are 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865.
Quantity: 17.96 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.

Agency History

After the annexation of Texas into the United States, the 1st Legislature provided for an Adjutant General to be appointed by the Governor, in "an Act to organize the Militia of the State of Texas" (April 21, 1846). The duties which fell to the Adjutant General included the issuance of all military orders; the maintenance of records of appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, commissions, etc.; the receipt of monthly and annual returns, and muster rolls from the various military units; the keeping of the records of general courts martial; and recruitment and enrollment of Rangers and militiamen. The position of Adjutant General was itself reestablished by the Militia Law of February 14, 1860, by which act he also assumed the duties of Quartermaster General and Ordnance Officer of the State.

On February 1, 1861, the delegates to the Texas Secession Convention adopted an ordinance of secession, which was approved by the voters of the state on February 23. In early March the convention reassembled, declared Texas out of the Union, and adopted a measure making Texas one of the states in the newly formed Confederate States of America.

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office, just as later Adjutants General would split their time between the Militia and the Rangers (whatever the prevailing terminology). The manpower and supply demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the war.

Most of the major battles of the Civil War were fought east of the Mississippi River. Ironically, the last battle of the war was a victory by John S. Ford over Union forces at Palmito Ranch near Brownsville on May 13, 1865, slightly more than a month after Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse. General E. Kirby Smith formally surrendered the Trans-Mississippi Department on June 2, and Union forces under General Gordon Granger entered Galveston on June 19, 1865.


Scope and Contents of the Records

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office of Texas Adjutant General, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office. In addition, two other governmental entities were involved in Texas during this time: Confederate officials, and Union troops.

These records include correspondence, military orders, monthly returns, records of the sick and wounded, reports of guards, morning reports, pay vouchers, reports and payrolls of hired persons, tax-in-kind records, and quartermaster records (contracts, vouchers, statements, estimates of funds required, receipts of public funds, and various abstracts). They comprise the Civil War-era records of the Texas State Troops (including Frontier Regiment and Mounted Regiment records); certain records of the Confederate States Army; and certain records of Union forces in Texas. Dates covered are 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865.

The inventories for the Adjutant General's Civil War records are in two separate finding aids due to electronic file size limitations imposed by TARO. If you are reading this electronically, click on the link Texas State Troops records to go to the full finding aids for that group. If you are reading this in paper, the series finding aids are found at separate dividers within the binder.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized by state archives staff into three groups:
Texas State Troops records, 1861-1865, undated, 12.5 cubic ft. (7 series)
Confederate records, 1861-1865, undated, 5.16 cubic ft. (14 series)
Union Troops records, 1855, 1860-1866, bulk 1863-1864, 0.3 cubic ft. (8 series)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. State Troops.
Confederate States of America. Army.
Texas. Militia.
United States. Army--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Subjects:
Quartermasters--Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Recruiting and enlistment--Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Draft registration--Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Taxation--Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Places:
Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Confederate States of America.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Military records--1860-1866.
Orders (military records)--Texas--1860-1866.
Returns (military records)--Texas--1860-1866.
Payrolls--Texas--Military records--1860-1866.
Reports--Texas--Military records--1860-1866.
Financial records--Texas--Military records--1860-1866.
Rosters--Texas--Military records--1860-1866.
Functions:
Protecting state.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Sam Houston, 1824-1862, bulk 1859-1861, 2.35 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Edward Clark, 1861, 1.19 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Francis R. Lubbock, 1861-1904, bulk 1861-1863, 2.36 cubic ft.
Texas Office of the Governor, Records of Pendleton Murrah, 1863-1865, 1.65 cubic ft.
Texas State Military Board, Records, 1861-1865, 1955, 6.48 cubic ft.
Strays Collection, Military Board strays, 1860-1864, 0.24 cubic ft.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Civil War claims, Audited military claims (Texas State Troops), 1861-1865, 46.06 cubic ft. [often erroneously referred to as "Confederate" military claims]
Texas State Treasury Department [?], Register of military vouchers and warrants (and civil warrants drawn on military appropriations), 1862-1865, 0.38 cubic ft. [There is no finding aid available for this unprocessed record. Call number is Volume 2-1/677.]
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence, Correspondence, 1846-1943, bulk 1861-1933, 107.63 cubic ft.; and Letter books and letterpress books, 1861-1863 and 1871-1905, 10.54 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, Civil War military rolls, 1861-1865, 52.76 cubic ft.; and Army of the United States military rolls, 1860-1861, 1864-1865, 1.3 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Service records: Texas State Troops service records, 1861-1865, 2.82 cubic ft.; and Confederate States Army service records, 1861-1865, 0.94 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Ranger records, 1839-1975, undated, bulk 1854-1918, 40.94 cubic ft.
Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Ashbel Smith, Papers, 1823-1926, 10 ft. 9 in.
Publications
The Confederate Quartermaster in the Transmississippi, by James L. Nichols, 1964

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1931/003, 1933/001, 1933/005

The Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred the vast majority of these records to the Texas State Archives on February 21, 1934. In addition, the Secretary of State transferred two volumes on November 5, 1931, and another volume on February 27, 1934.

Processing Information

Processing and original finding aid by Tony Black, October 1986

Corrections and revisions by Tony Black, May 1988

Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, December 2000

Corrections and further encoding to TARO project standards by Tony Black, March 2002

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the conversion stylesheet v1to02.xsl, July 2003

Split into two finding aids, and further encoding to DACS standards by Tony Black, May 2010


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Texas State Troops records, 1861-1865, undated,
12.5 cubic ft.

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office of Texas Adjutant General, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office.
These records consist of Brigade correspondence of Texas State Troops; correspondence concerning conscription; general, special, and circular orders of military entities (of both the State of Texas and the Confederate States of America); Ranger records of the Frontier Regiment and the Mounted Regiment, Texas State Troops; records of the sick and wounded; and quartermaster records (including both State of Texas Quartermasters and Confederate Quartermasters). They date 1861-1865, and undated.
The inventories for the Adjutant General's Civil War records are in two separate finding aids due to electronic file size limitations imposed by TARO. If you are reading this electronically, click on the link Texas State Troops records to go to the full finding aid. If you are reading this in paper, the series finding aids are found at separate dividers within the binder.



 

Confederate records, 1861-1865, undated,
5.16 cubic ft.

Although these records were transferred by the Texas Adjutant General's Department, the role of that state official in the creation of these Confederate (national) documents is unknown. The manpower and supply demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the war.
These records consist of Confederate Quartermaster correspondence, contracts, vouchers, statements, estimates of funds required, receipts of public funds, various abstracts, reports and payrolls of hired persons, tax-in-kind records, reports of guards, morning reports, and miscellaneous volumes, relating almost entirely to Texas, dating 1861-1865, and undated. The researcher should note that additional Confederate records can be found among the previously described Texas State Troops Military orders, Quartermaster returns, and Quartermaster requisitions.
Organization
These records have been organized by State Archives staff into fourteen series:
Quartermaster correspondence, 1861-1865, undated, 0.77 cubic ft.
Articles of agreement, 1861-1864, fractional
Confederate vouchers, 1861-1865, 0.57 cubic ft.
Confederate quartermaster statements, 1861-1864, 0.15 cubic ft.
Estimates of Confederate funds required, 1861-1862, fractional
Receipts of Confederate public funds, 1861-1865, 0.1 cubic ft.
Various Confederate abstracts, 1861-1865, 0.15 cubic ft.
Confederate reports and payrolls of hired persons, 1861-1865, 0.2 cubic ft.
Tax-in-kind records, 1863-1865, bulk 1864, 1.95 cubic ft.
Estimates of tithes due, 1863-1864, fractional
Reports of hired persons (tax-in-kind), 1863-1865, 0.24 cubic ft.
Reports of slave impressment, 1863, 1865, fractional
Reports of guards and morning reports, 1862-1865, undated, 0.51 cubic ft.
Various volumes, 1862-1869, bulk 1862-1865, 0.15 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the series), Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/001
The Texas Adjutant General's Department transferred the vast majority of these records to the Texas State Archives on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Processed by
Processing and original finding aid by Tony Black, October 1986
Corrections and revisions by Tony Black, May 1988
Quartermaster correspondence, 1861-1865, undated,
0.77 cubic ft.
These records consist of letters to (and to a lesser extent from) the various offices of the Confederate Quartermaster, involving Texas, dating 1861-1865, and undated. The majority of the items are addressed to (and from) the following individuals:
  • (a) Captain James P. McKinney (Assistant Quartermaster and Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, Confederate States Army, stationed in Austin, Camp Terry, and Camp Lockridge);
  • (b) Captain George C. Rives (Post Quartermaster of the 2nd Congressional District, Austin, in charge of the tax-in-kind); and
  • (c) Major N. B. Pearce (Chief Commissary of Subsistence, Department of the West, Fort Smith, Arkansas).
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff roughly chronologically, to the month.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster correspondence, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Quartermaster correspondence
Box Folder
401-850 1. June-July, December 1861
1. January-February 1862
2. March-April 1862
3. May 1862
4. June 1862
5. July-September 1862
6. October-December 1862
7. January-June 1863
8. July 1863
9. August 1863
10. September 1863
11-12. October 1863
13-14. November 1863
15-16. December 1863
17. January 1864
18-19. February 1864
20-21. March 1864
22-23. April 1864
Box Folder
401-851 1-2. May 1864
3-4. June 1864
5-6. July 1864
7. August 1864
8. September 1864
9. October 1864
10. November 1864
11. December 1864
12. January 1865
13. February 1865
14. March 1865
15. April 1865
16. May 1865
17. undated
Articles of agreement, 1861-1864,
fractional
These records consist of contracts made between private individuals and firms and Confederate military officials to provide certain goods and services, e.g., to slaughter cattle, to pack beef, to provide bacon, rice, sugar, molasses, candles, wood, tin, canteens, wool hats, shoes, etc. They date 1861-1864.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Articles of agreement, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Articles of agreement
Box Folder
401-851 18. 1861
19. 1862
20. 1863
21. 1864
Confederate vouchers, 1861-1865,
0.57 cubic ft.
These records consist of Confederate vouchers authorizing payment to individuals and firms for goods and services expended on account of Confederate military needs, dating 1861-1865. Most are also marked with a later annotation of receipt.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by sites in Texas, sites outside of Texas, and no location. Within each of these groups, the records are arranged alphabetically by camp/fort/station, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Confederate vouchers, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Confederate vouchers: sites in Texas
Box Folder
401-851 22-23. Austin, 1861-1862
24. Austin, January-February 1863
25. Austin, March-April 1863
26. Austin, May-June 1863
Box Folder
401-852 1. Austin, July-September 1863
2. Austin, October 1863
3. Austin, November 1863
4. Austin, December 1863
5. Austin, January-February 1864
6. Austin, March 1864
7. Austin, April 1864
8. Austin, May-June 1864
9. Austin, July-December 1864
10. Austin, 1865
11. Belton, 1862, 1864
11. Belville, 1864
12. Brenham, 1863-1864
13. Camp Colorado, 1861
13. Camp Cooper, 1861
13. Camp Terry, 1862
14. Caldwell, 1864
14. Cameron, 1864
14. Columbus, 1864
15. Dallas, 1863
16. Fort Brown, 1861
17. Fort Mason, 1861-1862
18. Fort Worth, 1863
18. Georgetown, 1864
18. Houston, 1863
19. Huntsville, 1862-1864
20. Plano, 1863
20. Port Sullivan, 1864
20. Richmond, 1864
20. Waco, 1862
21. Rio Grande Military District, 1861
21. Roma, 1863
22. San Antonio, 1862-(1863)
Confederate vouchers: sites outside Texas
Box Folder
401-852 23. Arkansas: Camp Nelson, 1862
24-25. Arkansas: Fort Smith, 1861
26-28. Arkansas: Fort Smith, 1862
29-32. Arkansas: Osage Mills, 1861-1862
33. Arkansas: other sites, 1861-1862
34-35. Mississippi: Jackson, 1862
36. Alabama: Mobile, 1863
36. Mississippi: Vicksburg, 1862
36. Tennessee: Memphis, 1862
Confederate vouchers: no location
Box Folder
401-852 37. No location, 1861-1863
38-39. No location, 1864-1865
40. Confederate pay vouchers, 1861, 1864
Confederate quartermaster statements, 1861-1864,
0.15 cubic ft.
These records consist of financial statements of Confederate military posts and organizations, including monthly summary statements of funds received and disbursed, and "accounts current," which are usually quarterly statements, in somewhat more detail, of all moneys received and expended. They date 1861-1864.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by sites in Texas, sites outside of Texas, and no location. Within each of these groups, the records are arranged alphabetically by camp/fort/station, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Confederate quartermaster statements, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Confederate quartermaster statements: sites in Texas
Box Folder
401-853 1. Austin, 1862
2. Austin, 1863
3-4. Austin, 1864-1865
5. Camp Colorado, 1861
5. Camp McCulloch, 1863
6. Fort Brown, 1861
6. Fort Mason, 1861-1862
7. Paris, 1863
7. Rusk, 1863
8. San Antonio, 1863
Confederate quartermaster statements: sites outside Texas
Box Folder
401-853 9. Arkansas: Osage Mills, 1861
9. Arkansas: Fort Smith, 1862
9. Arkansas: Camp Nelson, 1862
Confederate quartermaster statements: no location
Box Folder
401-853 10. No location, 1861
11. No location, 1862
12. No location, 1863
Estimates of Confederate funds required, 1861-1862,
fractional
These records consist of estimates of funds required from the Confederate States government by the quartermasters of various military posts and organizations, 1861-1862. Most if not all of the camps and stations are outside of Texas.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by camp or station, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Estimates of Confederate funds required, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Estimates of funds required
Box Folder
401-853 13. Arkansas, 1862
14. Cherokee Nation, 1861-1862
15. No location, 1862
Receipts of Confederate public funds, 1861-1865,
0.1 cubic ft.
These records consist of receipts of Confederate quartermaster funds, for subsistence and for contingencies, dating 1861-1865.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by sites in Texas, sites outside of Texas, and no location. Within each of these groups, the records are arranged alphabetically by camp/fort/station, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Receipts of Confederate public funds, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Receipts of public funds: sites in Texas
Box Folder
401-853 16. Austin, 1862-1865
17. Dallas, 1863
17. Fort Brown, 1861
17. Waco, 1863
18. Harrisburg, 1863
18. Houston, 1863
19. Nacogdoches, 1863
19. Paris, 1863-1864
20. San Antonio, 1862-1864
Receipts of public funds: sites outside Texas
Box Folder
401-853 21. Arkansas: Camp Nelson, 1862
22. Arkansas: other, 1861-1862
23. Louisiana, 1863
23. Cherokee Nation, 1862-1863
Receipts of public funds: no location
Box Folder
401-853 24. No location, 1863
Various Confederate abstracts, 1861-1865,
0.15 cubic ft.
These records consist of abstracts of advances and allowances made to officers, of disbursements on account of contingencies, of expenditures, of transfers of public funds, and briefs of errors on commissary and quartermaster papers. They date 1861-1865. The Confederate officials responsible were: Major N. B. Pearce (Commissary of Subsistence), Captain James P. McKinney (Assistant Quartermaster), Captain G. H. Leigh (Assistant Commissary of Subsistence), Captain George C. Rives (Post Quartermaster, 2nd Congressional District), and Captain John R. King (Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, 1st Regiment, Texas Mounted Riflemen, Provisional Confederate States Army).
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by the Confederate official responsible, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Various Confederate abstracts, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Confederate abstracts
Box Folder
401-853 25-26. Major Pearce, 1861-1862
27. Major Pearce, 1863-1864
28. Captain McKinney, 1862-1863
29. Captain McKinney, 1864-1865
30. Captain Leigh, 1863-1865
31. Captain Rives, 1864-1865
32. Captain King, 1861-1862
Confederate reports and payrolls of hired persons, 1861-1865,
0.2 cubic ft.
These records consist of reports and receipt rolls (payrolls) for hired persons and extra duty men (non-commissioned officers and privates employed on extra duty as mechanics and laborers), dating 1861-1865, for the following Confederate officers:
  • Major N. B. Pearce (Commissary of Subsistence, Austin);
  • Captain James P. McKinney (Assistant Quartermaster, Austin);
  • Captain John R. King (Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, 1st Regiment, Texas Mounted Riflemen, Provisional Confederate States Army);
  • G. H. Leigh (Acting Commissary of Subsistence);
  • Captain W. W. Reynolds (Quartermaster, Fort Brown);
  • 1st Lieutenant Joseph Hopkins (Acting Quartermaster, Confederate States Army, Fort Brown);
  • Lieutenant A. F. Flowers (Assistant Acting Quartermaster, Confederate States Army, Fort Brown);
  • Lieutenant T. L. Buckner (Assistant Acting Quartermaster, Confederate States Army, Camp Lockridge);
  • Major Thomas Lanigan (Commissary of Subsistence, Confederate States Army, Norwestern Sub-District of Texas); and
  • Lieutenant J. C. Leach (Acting Assistant Quartermaster, Confederate States Army, Roma, Texas).
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by the Confederate official responsible, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Confederate reports and payrolls of hired persons, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Reports of hired persons
Box Folder
401-853 33. Major Pearce, 1861-1862 (bulk 1862)
34-35. Major Pearce, 1863
36-37. Major Pearce, 1864-1865
38. Captain McKinney, 1862
38A. Captain McKinney (bounty pay), 1862
39. Captain McKinney, 1863
40. Captain King, 1862
Box Folder
401-854 1. Captain Leigh, 1862
2-3. Captain Leigh, 1863
4-6. Captain Leigh, 1864
7. Captain Leigh, 1865
8. Quartermasters at Fort Brown, 1861
9. Lieutenant Buckner, 1863
9. Major Lanigan, 1863
9. Lieutenant Leach, 1863
Tax-in-kind records, 1863-1865 (bulk 1864),
1.95 cubic ft.
Because of the scarcity of sound currency during the Civil War, the Confederate States government created a method in April 1863 whereby troops could be provisioned without placing an overwhelming burden upon farmers. This tax-in-kind, often called the tithe or tenth, included the following commodities: grain (corn, wheat, oats, rye, buckwheat, rice); forage (hay and fodder); potatoes (Irish and sweet); peas and beans; wool; cotton; sugar and molasses; tobacco; and bacon. The tax-in-kind was delivered to a regional depot; the depot agents would in turn see that the tithe was properly distributed to the troops. Nearly all of the tax-in-kind records found in the Texas State Archives pertain to the 2nd Congressional District, which was divided into 18 depots, representing the following counties: Austin, Bastrop, Bell, Brazoria, Burleson, Burnet and Lampasas, Caldwell, Colorado, Fayette, Ft. Bend, Jackson, Lavaca, Matagorda, Milam, Travis, Washington, Wharton, and Williamson. The Post Quartermaster in charge of these tax-in-kind transactions was Captain George C. Rives, who was headquartered in Austin. See pages 43-52 of James L. Nichols' The Confederate Quartermaster in the Trans-Mississippi (1964).
These records consist of receipts and reports of articles received as tax-in-kind, lists of delinquent taxpayers who owe tax-in-kind (including one oversized list of 602 taxpayers from Fayette County, June 28, 1864), plus requisitions and other quartermaster documents that directly involve the disposition of articles received as tax-in-kind. They date 1863-1865 (bulk 1864).
There is also a volume that contains an assortment of tax-in-kind records from George C. Rives' office, including abstracts, reports of persons and articles employed and hired, tax-in-kind reports, and monthly summary statements. A note on page 164 of the volume states: "From this page on to the end of the volume defaced by carpet bag soldiers who had this records in their possession."
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by county (see the chart below), and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Tax-in-kind records, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Tax-in-Kind Depots

DEPOT NUMBER COUNTY PRINCIPAL TOWNS DEPOT AGENT
1 Burnet and Burnet T. C. Jackson
Lampasas Lampasas T. C. Jackson
2 Bell Belton John S. Blair
3 Williamson Georgetown, Round Rock Richard C. Hart
4 Milam Cameron John A. Buckholts
5 Burleson Caldwell W. N. Heslip
6 Travis Austin John L. Wallace/Irvine H. Bradfute/David Eppright
7 Caldwell Lockhart C. W. Whitis/William Lester
8 Bastrop Bastrop J. H. Gillespie
9 Fayette Lagrange, Round Top W. W. Little
10 Washington Brenham, Chappell Hill, Navasota, Courtney, Evergreen A. H. Rippetoe
11 Austin Bellville William M. Bennatt
12 Colorado Columbus John N. Arnold
13 Lavaca Halletsville T. A. Hester
14 Jackson Texana Samuel Harris
15 Wharton Wharton John T. Walker/E. George
16 Ft. Bend Richmond H. M. Daughtry/M. M. Michau
17 Brazoria -- S. L. S. Ballowe
18 Matagorda Matagorda R. A. Rutherford
Tax-in-kind records
Austin County:
Box Folder
401-854 10. November 1863-May 1864
11. June 1864-April 1865
Bastrop County:
Box Folder
401-854 12. September-December 1863
13. January 1864
14. February 1864
15. March 1864
16. April 1864
17. May-June 1864
18. July-August 1864
19. September-October 1864
20. November 1864-April 1865
Bell County:
Box Folder
401-854 21. January-June 1864
22. July 1864-April 1865
Brazoria County:
Box Folder
401-854 23. August-December 1863
24. January-June 1864
25. July-November 1864
26. December 1864-January 1865
Brazos County:
Box Folder
401-854 27. January 1864
Burleson County:
Box Folder
401-854 28. December 1863-June 1864
29. July-December 1864
Burnet and Lampasas Counties:
Box Folder
401-855 1. December 1863-June 1864
2. July 1864-January 1865
Caldwell County:
Box Folder
401-855 3. October-December 1863
4. January 1864
5. February 1864
6. March-April 1864
7. May-June 1864
8. July-December 1864
Calhoun County:
Box Folder
401-855 9. September 1863
Colorado County:
Box Folder
401-855 10-11. March, May, November 1863; February-March 1864
12. April-June 1864
13. July 1864
14. August 1864
15. September 1864-January 1865
Coryell County:
Box Folder
401-855 16. 1864
Fayette County:
Box Folder
401-855 17. February 1864
18-20. March 1864
21. April-June 1864
22. July-December 1864
Ft. Bend County:
Box Folder
401-856 1. October-December 1863
2. January-June 1864
3. July-December 1864
Grimes County:
Box Folder
401-856 4. January 1864
Harrison County:
Box Folder
401-856 4. January 1864
Harris County:
Box Folder
401-856 5. September 1863-July 1864
Jackson County:
Box Folder
401-856 6. August-December 1863
7. January-November 1864
Lavaca County:
Box Folder
401-856 8. December 1863-April 1864
9. May-September 1864
10. October 1864-February 1865
Matagorda County:
Box Folder
401-856 11. October 1863-June 1864
12. July 1864-March 1865
Milam County:
Box Folder
401-856 13. January-May 1864
14. June 1864
15. July 1864-March 1865
San Antonio:
Box Folder
401-856 16. December 1863-September 1864
Walker County:
Box Folder
401-856 16. January 1864
Travis County:
Box Folder
401-856 17. September-December 1863
18. January-February 1864
19. March-April 1864
20. May-June 1864
21. July-August 1864
22-23. September 1864
24. October 1864
25. November-December 1864
26. January-March 1865
Waller County (Hempstead):
Box Folder
401-856 27. November 1863-November 1864
Washington County:
Box Folder
401-857 1. September-November 1863
2. December 1863
3. January 1864
4. February 1864
5. March 1864
6. April 1864
7-8. May 1864
9-11. June 1864
12. July-December 1864
Wharton County:
Box Folder
401-857 13. October 1863-November 1864
Williamson County:
Box Folder
401-857 14. Williamson County, November 1863-February 1864
15. March 1864
16. April-June 1864
17. July-September 1864
18. October 1864-April 1865
Multiple counties:
Box Folder
401-857 19. September 1863-June 1864
20. July-December 1864
No location:
Box Folder
401-857 21. October 63-June 1864
22. July 1864-April 1865
Map-case Folder
401-1322 2. List of delinquent taxpayers, Fayette County, 1864
Volume
401-977 Tax-in-kind volume, 1863-1868 (bulk 1863-1864)
Estimates of tithes due, 1863-1864,
fractional
These records consist of two kinds of tax-in-kind documents, dating 1863-1864: estimates of cotton, sugar, molasses, tobacco, and bacon tithes, for March-May 1864 (the majority of them in April); and estimates of grain, forage, potato, and wool tithes, for December 1863-June 1864. Only two counties are represented, Lavaca and Williamson. Each of these narrow strips of paper is signed by both the individual taxpayer and the county appraiser/assessor (Washington Anderson for Williamson County, H. K. Judd for Lavaca County). Those from Williamson County are endorsed on the back by the agent of Depot Number 3; those from Lavaca County are endorsed only "Paid in Full."
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by county, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Estimates of tithes due, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Estimates of tithes due
Box Folder
401-857 23. Lavaca County, grain, etc., 1863-1864
24. Lavaca County, cotton, etc., 1864
25. Williamson County, 1863-1864
Reports of hired persons (tax-in-kind), 1863-1865,
0.24 cubic ft.
These records consist of reports of persons employed by the various agents for collection of the tax-in-kind in the 2nd Congressional District, plus some payrolls and rolls of extra-duty men in those depots. They date 1863-1865. Also included (in the first folder) are the following: a list of agents and subagents employed in collection of the tax-in-kind in the 2nd Congressional District; a report of agents on duty for Captain G. H. Leigh; a reports of persons transferred to Captain William Cook (Assistant Quartermaster) by Captain George C. Rives (October 1864); and a descriptive list of persons employed in the Quartermaster Department and transferred by Captain Rives to Captain E. Sampson (Assistant Quartermaster) in January 1865.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by county, and chronologically therein.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports of hired persons (tax-in-kind), Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Reports of hired persons
Box Folder
401-858 1. 2nd Congressional District, 1864-1865
2. Austin County, 1864
3. Bastrop County, 1863-1864
4. Bell County, 1864
5. Brazoria County, 1864
6. Burleson County, 1864
7. Caldwell County, 1863-1864
8. Colorado County, 1864
9. Fayette County, 1864
10. Fort Bend County, 1863-1864
11. Lampasas and Burnet Counties, 1864
12. Lavaca County, 1864
13. Matagorda County, 1864
14. Milam County, 1864
15. Travis County, 1863
16. Travis County, 1864
17. Washington County, 1864
18. Williamson County, 1864
Reports of slave impressment, 1863, 1865,
fractional
These records consist of two oversized rolls or reports of slave labor impressed during the Civil War, dating 1863 and 1865. The first is a roll of slaves hired for the Quartermaster Department, Confederate States Army at Seguin, Texas, for July and August 1863. It gives the following information: number, name of slave, names of owners, number of slaves owned by each, residence (including both Guadalupe and Caldwell Counties), date of hire, age, and remarks. The second is a report of the assessment of Negroes in Wilson County, Texas, dated May 16, 1865. Information on this roll includes: name of owner or employer, number in possession, number in service, number due the service (and number to be retained in the service) and for what length of time. See the following in Texas State Troops records, Military orders: General Order 1 (January 1, 1865) for Headquarters, District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, giving the rules and regulations for the Bureau of Negro Labor; and Special Order 1 (April 20, 1865) for Headquarters, Labor Bureau, Western Sub-District, San Antonio, regarding Wilson County.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports of slave impressment, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Oversize Folder
401-824 13. Reports of slave impressment, 1863, 1865
Reports of guards and morning reports, 1862-1865, undated,
0.51 cubic ft.
These records consist of six volumes (including one strictly of photostatic copies), all relating to Colonel O. M. Roberts' 11th Texas Regiment of Infantry, Confederate States Army, dating 1862-1865. Two volumes (those marked "I" and "III") contain reports of guards mounted at various camps (Camp Lubbock in Volume I, and a number of camps in Arkansas in Volume III). Five volumes (all except Volume III) contain morning reports of various camps, mostly in Arkansas, 1862-1865. Additional material in some of the volumes includes, for example, a "description book of officers" with names, rank, date of appointment, transfers, leaves of absence, time absent, where born, and remarks; and some copies of correspondence.
In addition are a handful of loose morning reports and returns: three for Captain Edward A. Stevens' company of Texas Cavalry in Colonel P. C. Woods' regiment (1862-1864); one for Captain William L. Foster's company of Texas Cavalry in Colonel Woods' regiment (1862); and one for Colonel J. B. Robertson's 5th Texas Regiment, Texas Brigade, near Richmond, Virginia (undated).
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports of guards and morning reports, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
11th Texas Regiment, Infantry, CSA
Volume
401-978 Volume I: Reports of guards, April-May 1862
Volume I: Morning reports, January-April 1865
Volume
401-979 Volume II: Officers roster, October-November 1862
Volume II: Morning reports, June 1862-March 1863
Volume
401-980 Volume III: Reports of guards, July 1862-March 1863
Volume
401-981 Volume IV: Morning reports, August 1862-October 1863
Volume
401-982 Volume V: Description book of officers
Volume V: Morning reports, November 1863-December 1864
Volume V: Correspondence
Volume
401-983 [Volume VI]: Company I morning reports (photostats), June 1862-May 1865
Box Folder
401-858 19. Morning reports and returns
Various volumes, 1862-1869 (bulk 1862-1865),
0.15 cubic ft.
These records consist of two volumes, dating 1862-1869 (bulk 1862-1865). One is primarily a cash book of balance sheets, June 1862-February 1865, of accounts of such persons as Captain James P. McKinney, Major N. B. Pearce, and William H. King. It also contains odd items such as a copy of a Special Order dated 1866, and a copy of a court martial order dated 1869. The second volume is marked on the cover "U.S.A. Hospital Department, Medical Case Book;" but while it does contain some medical case notes from March 1863, most of the volume is dedicated to individual Confederate officers' accounts for provisions, 1863-1864.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Various volumes, Confederate records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Volume
401-995 Cash book, 1862-1869 (bulk 1862-1865)
Volume
401-996 Miscellaneous volume, 1863-1864



 

Union troops records, 1855, 1860-1866, bulk 1863-1864,
0.3 cubic ft.

Union troops did play a role within the borders of the State of Texas, at the beginning and toward the end of the Civil War. These are not truly records of the Texas Adjutant General's Department, although they have traditionally been described within this record group.
These records consist of Union correspondence (both loose and in a bound volume), military orders, monthly returns, pay vouchers, a morning report, reports of guards, a hospital payroll, and a miscellaneous volume. They comprise records of Union troops in Texas, 1855, 1860-1866 (bulk 1863-1864).
Organization
These records have been organized by State Archives staff into eight series:
Union correspondence, 1863-1864, fractional
Military orders, 1863-1864, 0.1 cubic ft.
Monthly returns, 1855, 1865-1866, fractional
Pay vouchers, 1860-1861, fractional
Morning report, 1862, fractional
Reports of guards, 1864-1865, fractional
Hospital payroll, 1860-1861, fractional
Miscellaneous volume, 1863-1865, fractional
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1931/003, 1933/001, 1933/005
Two volumes were "discovered... in an obscure corner of the basement of the State Department," and transferred to the Texas State Archives by Texas Secretary of State Jane Y. McCallum on November 5, 1931. Another volume, labeled somewhat misleadingly "Letters received, 1864," was transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Secretary of State on February 27, 1934. The Texas Adjutant General's Department probably transferred the other Union troops records to the Texas State Archives on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Processed by
Processing and original finding aid by Tony Black, October 1986
Corrections and revisions by Tony Black, May 1988
Union correspondence, 1863-1864,
fractional
These records consist of Union correspondence in two forms, loose and in a bound volume, dating 1863-1864.
The loose correspondence contains approximately 68 letters between and among the various organizations of Union troops in Texas during 1863 and 1864. This includes: approximately 17 letters (mostly commissions) from the Assistant Adjutant General, Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, to the commanding officer of the 2nd Texas Cavalry; approximately 13 letters (mostly in the nature of orders) from Colonel E. J. Davis (Headquarters, Texas Cavalry Forces) to the various commanding officers of the 2nd Texas Cavalry; about 18 items from those commanding officers back to Colonel Davis; about 4 letters from Headquarters, United States Forces on the Rio Grande to Colonel Davis; and approximately 16 letters to the commander of the 2nd Texas Cavalry from a variety of offices: the Ordnance Office in Washington, D.C., the Post Hospital in Brownsville, the War Department in Washington, D.C., the 2nd Division of the 13th Crops, the Office of the Provost Marshal in Brownsville, Headquarters of Cavalry Forces of the 19th Army Corps, and the United States General Marine Hospital.
The bound volume, labeled somewhat misleadingly "Letters received, 1864," contains copies of letters to and from various Union military organizations, including the headquarters and the various commanding and staff officers of the 1st Texas Cavalry Volunteers, the U.S. Forces on the Rio Grande, the War Department in Washington, D.C., etc. There is no index included.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff chronologically.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1933/005
The bound volume, labeled somewhat misleadingly "Letters received, 1864," was transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Secretary of State on February 27, 1934.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Union correspondence, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Union correspondence
Box Folder
401-859 1. December 1863-March 1864
2. April-June 1864
3. July-September 1864
Volume
401-997 January-November 1864
Military orders, 1863-1864,
0.1 cubic ft.
These records consist of approximately 61 General Orders, 43 Special Orders, and 30 Circulars emanating from the various headquarters of Union forces in or near Texas, 1863-1864. Those organizations include: United States Forces on the Rio Grande at Brownsville; Texas Cavalry Brigade near Brownsville; Cavalry Forces of the 19th Army Corps at Morganzia, Louisiana; the 2nd Division, 13th Army Corps at Brownsville; the Department of the Gulf at New Orleans and at Alexandria, Louisiana; the Military Division of the Western Mississippi at New Orleans; and the War Department, Adjutant General, in Washington, D.C. These orders are mostly holographic, rarely printed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff by type of order (General, Special, or Circular), and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Military orders, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Military orders
Box Folder
401-859 4. General Orders, December 1863-February 1864
5. General Orders, March-October 1864
6. Special Orders, December 1863-April 1864
7. Special Orders, May-August 1864
8. Circulars, December 1863-September 1864
Monthly returns, 1855, 1865-1866,
fractional
These records consist of monthly returns for the 1st Regiment of Infantry, United States Army, stationed in or near Texas before, during, and after the Civil War, 1855 and 1865-1866. The one pre-Civil War return is for August 1855, for Colonel Joseph Plympton's command, with headquarters at Ft. McKavett, Texas. The other 14 returns date January through December 1865, and May and July 1866; these are Colonel Robert C. Buchanan's regiment, headquartered at New Orleans.
Information contained on these returns includes: stations of companies and names of company captains; numbers of officers and enlisted men present and absent, both by status (e.g., "sick") and by rank; alterations (gain/loss) since the last monthly return; numbers of horses and pieces of artillery; enlisted men on extra duty, accounted for by name; absent enlisted men accounted for by name; commissioned officers present and absent (names, ranks, and stations); and alterations among enlisted men since the last return (name, rank, company, date, place, and remarks).
Arrangement
These records are arranged by State Archives staff chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Monthly returns, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Monthly returns
Oversize Folder
401-968 12. August 1855
13. January-June 1865
14. July-December 1865
12. May, July 1866
Pay vouchers, 1860-1861,
fractional
These records consist of eight pay vouchers plus one abstract of payments made to United States troops by Lieutenant Colonel P. N. Luckett, Quartermaster and Acting Commissioner of the State of Texas, between November 1860 and March 1861. The officers paid include a captain and a 2nd lieutenant of the U.S. 2nd Cavalry, a 1st and a 2nd lieutenant of the U.S. 1st Infantry, and assistant surgeons of the U.S. Army; also, one corporal and one musician.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Pay vouchers, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box Folder
401-859 9. Pay vouchers, 1860-1861
Morning report, 1862,
fractional
These records consist of one daily consolidated morning report of the 42nd Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, stationed at Long Island, New York (November-December 1862). A notation on the reverse reads: "To Colonel J. Y. Dashiell, Adjutant and Inspector General, Austin, from Brigadier General Thomas B. Howard."
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Morning report, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box Folder
401-859 10. Morning report, 1862
Reports of guards, 1864-1865,
fractional
These records consist of a volume--without boards--containing reports of guards of the 1st Regiment, Texas Cavalry, United States Army, mounted at Brownsville and later at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, between April 6, 1864 and May 4, 1865. Information on the reports includes: numbers of officers and men of each rank; lists of articles in charge; lists of the guard of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd relief (with times of day indicated), by name, company, regiment, where posted, and remarks; the names of the sergeant, corporal, orderly for the commanding officer, and best shot; and a list of prisoners, by name, company, regiment, when and by whom confined, charges, sentence, and remarks.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1931/003
This record, along with the one immediately following, were "discovered... in an obscure corner of the basement of the State Department," and transferred to the Texas State Archives by Texas Secretary of State Jane Y. McCallum on November 5, 1931.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports of guards, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Box Folder
401-859 11. Reports of guards, 1864-1865
Hospital payroll, 1860-1861,
fractional
These records consist of one muster roll/pay roll for steward, wardmaster, cooks, nurses, matrons, and detached soldiers sick in the hospital for Fort Mason, December 31, 1860-February 28, 1861.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Hospital payroll, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Map-case Folder
401-1322 2. Hospital payroll, 1860-1861
Miscellaneous volume, 1863-1865,
fractional
These records consist of a volume that contains a variety of Union troop records, dated 1863-1865:
  1. a roster of commissioned officers of the 2nd Regiment, Texas Cavalry Volunteers, stationed at Brownsville;
  2. a descriptive list of Company A (and a fragmentary list for Company B), of the 2nd Regiment, Texas Cavalry Volunteers, including such information as name, rank, age, eyes, hair, complexion, height, birthplace, occupation, when, where, and by whom enrolled and mustered;
  3. some copies of correspondence, 1863-1864;
  4. receipts for ordnance stores, camp and garrison equipage, and quartermaster stores, March 1865; and
  5. lists of issues to individual men.
A notation on the inside of the back cover of this volume reads: "G. H. Radetski, Captain Company M, 1st Texas Volunteer Cavalry, Morganzia, Louisiana, September 15, 1864."
Accession Information
Accession number: 1931/003
This volume was transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Secretary of State on November 5, 1931.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Miscellaneous volume, Union troops records, Civil War records, Texas Adjutant General's Department. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Volume
401-998 Miscellaneous volume, 1863-1865