Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Adjutant General's Department Service Records at the Texas State Archives, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Title: Adjutant General's Department service records
Dates: 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935
Abstract: The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of a variety of types of documents, including enlistment certificates, discharge certificates, certificates of appointment, applications, descriptive lists, warrants of authority, oaths of service, affidavits of service, paymaster's certificates, final statements, vouchers, receipts, powers of attorney, copies of orders and special orders, clothing charts, and correspondence and memoranda to and from state and federal military and pension authorities. They comprise the service records (sometimes artificially constructed) for members of the various military, militia, and ranger organizations which have served in Texas, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935. They do not, however, represent all of the persons who have served in these organizations.
Quantity: 190.5 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

On November 13, 1835, the Consultation created the office of Adjutant General, as one of five heads of departments under the Commander-in-Chief of the Texian Army (the other offices being Inspector General, Quartermaster General, Surgeon General, and Paymaster General). On December 20, 1836, the 1st Congress passed "an Act to organize and fix the Military establishment of the Republic of Texas," which in addition to the aforementioned bureaus, created a Commissary General of Subsistence, a Commissary General of Purchases, and a Colonel of Ordnance, all of whom answered to the Secretary of War. On December 18, 1837, Congress passed--and later passed again over President Sam Houston's veto--an act making the Adjutant General a position elected by the Congress; the first man so elected was Hugh McLeod. This arrangement lasted less than two years, however, with subsequent Adjutant Generals--beginning with McLeod on January 30, 1839--being appointed by the President. Congress combined the offices of Adjutant General and Inspector General on January 28, 1840, and technically abolished this position on January 18, 1841. Yet Peter Hansborough Bell served as Adjutant General of Militia soon thereafter; and in legislation of February 1842, there is a reference to an Acting Adjutant General.

The Texas Navy at first operated under a separate Secretary of the Navy, appointed by the President as authorized by an act of Congress approved October 25, 1836. On January 18, 1841, Congress abolished this office and created a Naval Bureau under the Secretary of War and Marines. Of course, the end of the Republic in 1846 meant the end of the Texas Navy as well.

Whereas under the Republic the Adjutant General was subservient to the Secretary of War, under statehood the position was elevated to that of head of all military departments. After annexation, the 1st Legislature provided for an Adjutant General to be appointed by the Governor, in "an Act to organize the Militia of the State of Texas" (April 21, 1846). The duties which fell to the Adjutant General included the issuance of all military orders; the maintenance of records of appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, commissions, etc.; the receipt of monthly and annual returns, and muster rolls from the various military units; the keeping of the records of general courts martial; recruitment and enrollment of Rangers and militiamen; and now, the issuing of all bounty and donation land warrants on the basis of military service to the Republic. This last duty was assumed by the Commissioner of Claims, pursuant to an Act of the legislature passed August 1, 1856; the office of the Adjutant General had been the victim of apparent arson in October 1855, allegedly by persons engaged in land certificate fraud. The position of Adjutant General was itself reestablished by the Militia Law of February 14, 1860, by which act he also assumed the duties of Quartermaster General and Ordnance Officer of the State.

With the Civil War came the reorganization of the office, an act of December 25, 1861 creating an Adjutant and Inspector General, who would also serve as Quartermaster and Commissary General, and Ordnance Officer. Oversight of the 33 Brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office, just as later Adjutant Generals would split their time between the Militia and the Rangers (whatever the prevailing terminology). The demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the War.

During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868), or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). Within months of Texas' readmission to the Union under Radical Republican Governor Edmund J. Davis (1870), the Legislature created the Frontier Forces (June 13), the State Guard and Reserve Militia (June 24), and the State Police (July 1), all of which were commanded by a newly restored state Adjutant General. On November 25, 1871, the Legislature added a fifth organization, the Minute Men. The first Adjutant General so appointed, James Davidson, absconded with over $37,000 of state funds in 1872. The State Guard and Reserve Militia were merged into a simple state militia on March 19, 1873, and the State Police force was abolished April 22, 1873.

The place of the Frontier Forces was taken in 1873 and 1874 by the Rangers and the Frontier Men, and finally by the Frontier Battalion, organized by an act passed April 10, 1874. At about the same time one can date the evolution of the Texas Volunteer Guard as the definitive militia organization for the state. On July 22, 1876, "an Act to suppress lawlessness and crime in certain parts of the state" authorized the creation of the Special State Troops, commanded first by Captain Leander McNelly and subsequently by Captain J. L. Hall. In the last year of the operation of this Special Force (1880-1881), it was commanded by Captain Thomas L. Oglesby.

The Spanish-American War (1898) saw the nationalization of the Texas Volunteer Guard, which was organized into four regiments of infantry and one of cavalry, and designated the Texas Volunteers. After the war they were de-nationalized, and reorganized on April 1, 1903 as the Texas National Guard. On August 5, 1917, the Texas National Guard was drafted into federal service, forming the 36th Division, which was to be mobilized during World War II as well.

The Frontier Battalion was reorganized as the Ranger Force by an act of the Legislature on March 29, 1901. From time to time this regular force was supplemented by specially commissioned Special Rangers, Railroad Rangers, Cattlemen's Association Rangers, and Loyalty Rangers. Finally, on August 10, 1935, the Ranger Force was transferred to the Texas Department of Public Safety.


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the various military, militia, and ranger units of the Republic and of the State of Texas. These records consist of a variety of types of documents, including enlistment certificates, discharge certificates, certificates of appointment, applications, descriptive lists, warrants of authority, oaths of service, affidavits of service, paymaster's certificates, final statements, vouchers, receipts, powers of attorney, copies of orders and special orders, clothing charts, and correspondence and memoranda to and from state and federal military and pension authorities. They comprise the service records (sometimes artificially constructed) for members of the various military, militia, and ranger organizations which have served in Texas, 1836-1845, 1854-1865, 1870-1935. They do not, however, represent all of the persons who have served in these organizations.

Within each military organization, files are arranged alphabetically by the name of the person. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.


 

Organization of the Records

These records have been organized by State Archives staff into 16 series:
Army of the Republic service records, 1836-1845, 6 cubic ft.
Navy of the Republic service records, 1836-1845, 7.5 cubic ft.
Mounted Volunteers service records, 1854-1861, 2 cubic ft.
Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas State Troops service records, 1861-1865, 3 cubic ft.
Confederate States Army service records, 1861-1865, 1 cubic ft.
State Police service records, 1870-1871, 5 cubic ft.
Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871, 4.5 cubic ft.
Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901, bulk 1874-1898, 19 cubic ft.
Texas Volunteer Guard service records, 1881-1903, bulk 1886-1902, 20 cubic ft.
United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War) service records, 1898, 19 cubic ft.
Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935, bulk 1901-1935, 7.5 cubic ft.
Special Rangers service records, 1916-1934, 22.5 cubic ft.
Loyalty Rangers service records, 1918, 2.5 cubic ft.
Railroad Rangers service records, 1922-1935, 8 cubic ft.
Texas National Guard service records, 1901-about 1929, bulk 1903-1911, 62.5 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Service records have been scanned and made available online. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.

Texas National Guard service records contain medical information certified by an examining surgeon, constituting "a record of the identity, diagnosis, evaluation, or treatment of a patient by a physician". (V.T.C.A., Occupations Code, §159.002(b) and (d)). The medical information is confidential for 100 years from the date of its creation. All other records are unrestricted.

No folder listing of Texas National Guard service records has been made available for the State Archives search room, and these individuals are not listed in the alphabetical union index. Nor will they be scanned.

Restrictions on Use

When necessary, Texas National Guard service records will be redacted to comply with the Occupations Code (medical records).

Technical Requirements

The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Army.
Texas. Navy.
Texas. Mounted Volunteers.
Texas. Minute Men.
Texas Rangers.
Texas. State Troops.
Confederate States of America. Army.
Texas. State Police.
Texas. Frontier Forces.
Texas. Frontier Battalion.
Texas. Volunteer Guard.
Texas. Special Rangers.
Texas. Loyalty Rangers.
Texas. Railroad Rangers.
United States. Army.
Subjects:
Recruiting and enlistment--Texas.
Document Types:
Payroll records--Texas--Military records--1836-1935.
Discharges--Texas--Military records--1836-1935.
Orders (military records)--Texas--1836-1935.
Oaths--Texas--Military records--1836-1935.
Powers of attorney--Texas--Military records--1836-1935.
Commissions--Texas--Military records--1836-1935.
Functions:
Protecting state.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed, portions of many 19th and 20th century governors' records concern the Adjutant General's Department and related matters. Search governors' finding aids for rangers, militia, volunteer guard, national guard, or other similar terms.
Texas Comptroller's Office claims records, 1835-1990, undated, 966.81 cubic ft.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Republic of Texas claims, 1835-about 1900, 259 reels of 35mm microfilm. [Search engine available at http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/repclaims/index.php]
Texas Comptroller's Office correspondence, 1846-1921, bulk 1860-1921, 95.5 cubic ft. (746 volumes)
Texas Comptroller's Office appropriations and warrant volumes, 1836-1932, 90 cubic ft. (347 volumes) [especially General Warrant Department, outgoing correspondence, 1901-1913, 1.60 cubic ft.; and Warrant Clerks transmittal books (Form 76): general warrants, 1887-1909, 7.22 cubic ft.]
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Departmental correspondence, 1846-1943, bulk 1861-1933, 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Army papers, 1835-1846, 16.28 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Navy papers, 1835-1847, 1852, 1855, bulk 1836-1846, 17.24 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, 1835-1915, 1917, 1935, undated, 131.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Civil War records, 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865, 16.94 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Reconstruction records, 1865-1873, undated, 7.87 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteer Guard records, 1874-1904, undated, 19.34 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas Volunteers (Spanish-American War) records, 1898-1904, bulk 1898-1901, 3.97 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Texas National Guard records, 1902-1931, 1939, 1941-1945, 1950, undated, bulk 1903-1911, 39.47 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department, Ranger records, 1839-1975, undated, bulk 1854-1918, 40.94 cubic ft.
Manuscript Collections, Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.)
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1933/001 and unknown others

These records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department (and probably by other state offices as well) on February 21, 1934, and on various unknown dates.

Processed By

Archives staff, unknown dates

Tony Black, August 2000

Other Formats for the Records

These records have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php to access the search engine. See Restrictions on Access and Technical Requirements for additional information.


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Army of the Republic service records, 1836-1845,
6 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Army of the Republic of Texas. These records consist of enlistment and discharge papers, plus affidavits of service, pay and claim vouchers. They comprise the service records of the Army of the Republic, 1836-1845. There are approximately 1,368 files. A typical enlistment record contains the following information: city and date, name of the enlistee, place of birth, age, height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, profession, and term of enlistment. After an oath "that I will bear true Faith and Allegiance to the Republic of Texas, and that I will serve her faithfully and honestly against all her Enemies and Opposers whomsover; and that I will observe and obey the Orders of the President of the Republic of Texas, and the Orders of the Officers appointed over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War" is the signature of the enlistee and of the official taking the oath.
Enabling legislation for the Army of the Republic includes: Act to raise a regular army (November 24, 1835, calling for 1,120 men); Act for establishing rules and articles for government of the armies of the Republic of Texas (November 21, 1836); Joint Resolution authorizing the President to reorganize the army (November 30, 1836); Act to organize and fix the military establishment of the Republic of Texas [besides volunteers and mounted rifle corps and militia] (December 20, 1836, which authorized four regiments of infantry, with ten companies per regiment, one regiment of cavalry, and one regiment of artillery); Joint resolution for the relief of soldiers composing the late 1st Regiment of Infantry [which had been disbanded sometime after February 5, 1840] (December 10, 1841).
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Comptroller's Office claims records, 1835-1990, undated, 966.81 cubic ft.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Republic of Texas claims, 1835-about 1900, 259 reels of 35mm microfilm. [Search engine available at http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/repclaims/index.php]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Army of the Republic service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-001 thru 401-012 Army of the Republic service records, 1836-1845



 

Navy of the Republic service records, 1836-1845,
7.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Navy of the Republic of Texas. These records consist of copies of receipts, usually narrow strips of paper, constituting proof of payment for services. They comprise (rather artificially) the service records of the Navy of the Republic, 1836-1845. There are approximately 895 files. A typical voucher gives the place (often a ship) and date, with a statement such as "Rec'd from A. Hurd, Purser of Navy, twenty dollars as bounty for entering the naval service of the Republic of Texas." Signatures of the enlistee and a witness follow.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Navy of the Republic service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-013 thru 401-027 Navy of the Republic service records, 1836-1845



 

Mounted Volunteers service records, 1854-1861,
2 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Mounted Volunteers of the State of Texas. These records consist of paymaster's certificates, assignments of powers of attorney, and affidavits of service. They comprise the service records of the Mounted Volunteers, 1854-1861. There are approximately 375 files. A typical affidavit of service gives the following information: county, name, rank, name of Captain, place and date of mustering into service, place and date of discharge, length of service, name of appointed agent and attorney, and signature of the volunteer discharged, the witness, and the official taking the affidavit.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Mounted Volunteers service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-028 thru 401-031 Mounted Volunteers service records, 1854-1861



 

Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874,
0.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Minute Men of the State of Texas. These records consist of powers of attorney and letters from the Adjutant General regarding service. They comprise, somewhat artificially, the service records of Minute Men, 1855-1862 and 1872-1874. There are approximately 76 files. A typical power of attorney gives the following information: name of minute man, rank, captain, company (e.g., Lampasas County Minute Men), dates of mustering in and out, date of power of attorney, and signatures.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Minute Men service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-032 Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874



 

Texas State Troops service records, 1861-1865,
3 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Texas State Troops during the Civil War. These records consist of discharge papers; copies of orders, extracts of special orders, etc.; and copies of Adjutant General correspondence regarding service. They comprise the service records of Texas State Troops, 1861-1865. There are approximately 482 files. A typical discharge includes the following information: name, rank, captain, company, regiment, mustering officer, place and date of mustering in, term of service, and reason for discharge. This is followed by dates and dollar amounts due the soldier for pay, use of horse, use of arms, pay for traveling from place of discharge to place of mustering into service, and clothing; then the amount he is indebted to the State of Texas for clothing furnished him in kind, and the contract price of the ration. These discharges end with the place, date, and signature of the commanding officer.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas State Troops service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-033 thru 401-038 Texas State Troops service records, 1861-1865



 

Confederate States Army service records, 1861-1865,
1 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Confederate States Army in Texas. These records consist of copies of correspondence from the U.S. War Department to the Adjutant General of Texas, confirming service in the Confederate States Army, plus other supporting documentation. They comprise (rather artificially) the service records of some of the soldiers in the Confederate States Army in Texas, 1861-1865. There are approximately 204 files. A typical item of correspondence from the War Department would read as following: "The records show that one B.F. Price (not borne as Ben F. Price) Corporal, Company C, 23rd Regt. Texas Cavalry, Confederate States Army, enlisted July 1, (year not shown) at Clarksville, for 3 years. The muster roll for January and February, 1864, only roll on file, shows him absent, on detached service since February 3. No later record of him has been found."
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Comptroller's Office claims records, 1835-1990, undated, 966.81 cubic ft.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Confederate pension records, 1899-1979, 661.36 cubic ft. [Search engine available at http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/pensions/index.php]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Confederate States Army service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-039 thru 401-040 Confederate States Army service records, 1861-1865



 

State Police service records, 1870-1871,
5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the State Police of the State of Texas during Reconstruction. These records consist of certificates of appointment, pay vouchers, and subvouchers. They comprise the service records of the State Police, 1870-1871. There are approximately 872 files. A typical certificate of appointment gives the following information: name of Governor (Edmund J. Davis), name of policeman, rank, and date. They are countersigned by the Secretary of State. Pay vouchers and sub-vouchers give dates, pay per month, total pay, name, rank, and district; they also contain signatures of the Chief of State Police and the policeman himself.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Police service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-041 thru 401-050 State Police service records, 1870-1871



 

Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871,
4.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Frontier Forces of the State of Texas during Reconstruction. These records consist of copies of final statements whose originals were filed in the Comptroller's office of the State of Texas. They comprise the service records of the Frontier Forces, 1870-1871. There are approximately 798 files. A typical final statement gives the following information: name, rank, captain's name, company, birthplace, age, height, complexion, eye and hair color, occupation, place and date mustered into service, term of service, reason of discharge (Special Order Number), inclusive dates for which pay is due, and account of debts (including one Winchester carbine). The place and date of discharge are followed by the signatures of the company commander and the Adjutant General.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Frontier Forces service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-132 thru 401-140 Frontier Forces service records, 1870-1871



 

Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901, bulk 1874-1898,
19 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Frontier Battalion of the State of Texas (the predecessor of the Ranger Force). These records consist of discharge certificates and descriptive lists. They comprise the service records of the Frontier Battalion, 1874-1901, bulk 1874-1898. There are approximately 2,916 files. A typical discharge certificate gives the following information: date, name, rank, name of company commander, letter of company, date of muster, name of last officer paying him, final date of last pay, date to which pay is still due him, amount due, and amounts and reasons of indebtedness. The descriptive list was "for identification, will be kept in possession of the Ranger to whom it refers, and will be exhibited as a warrant of his authority." A typical descriptive list gives the following information: name, rank, company designation, age, height, color of hair and complexion, place of birth, occupation, when and where enlisted, and by whom. The end of the list gives place and date and is signed by the company commander.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Comptroller's Office claims records, 1835-1990, undated, 966.81 cubic ft. [especially Texas Ranger pensions, 1917-1938, 1959-1990, bulk 1959-1990, 0.94 cubic ft.]
Manuscript Collections, Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.)
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Frontier Battalion service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-141 thru 401-178 Frontier Battalion service records, 1874-1901



 

Texas Volunteer Guard service records, 1881-1903, bulk 1886-1902,
20 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Texas Volunteer Guard (the predecessor of the Texas National Guard). These records consist of enlistment certificates, applications and descriptive lists, discharge certificates, and clothing charts. They comprise the service records of the Texas Volunteer Guard, 1881-1903, bulk 1886-1902. There are approximately 4,414 files. A typical enlistment certificate/application and descriptive list gives the following information: date, name of enlistee, name of captain, designation of company, age, weight, height, color of hair and eyes, complexion, place of birth, and occupation; the applicant then signs an oath. Some of the earlier certificates give only name, place of birth, age, occupation, date, and signature. A typical discharge certificate gives the following information: name, rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, birthplace, age at enlistment, height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, occupation, and reason for discharge (including dishonorable discharges, e.g. "nonpayment of dues and non-attendance at drill"). A typical clothing chart gives all appropriate sizes for coat, overcoat, vest, and pants; it then gives "peculiarities...so far as it will assist in making a good fit" (stooping shoulders, stands erect, sloping shoulders, square shoulders, height, weight, age).
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Volunteer Guard service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of October 2007. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-179 thru 401-218 Texas Volunteer Guard service records, 1881-1903



 

United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War) service records, 1898,
19 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the United States Volunteers from the State of Texas during the Spanish-American War. These records consist of receipts for pay owed for service in Texas prior to mustering into U.S. service in the Spanish-American War, voucher affidavits, oaths of enlistment, receipts for Texas service for Volunteers killed in action, and claim vouchers for service in the Texas Volunteers prior to rejection by a U.S. Medical Examiner. They comprise the service records of the United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War), 1898. There are approximately 4,400 files. A typical affidavit gives the following information: name, rank, company, regiment, place and date of assembly, place and date of rendezvous, date mustered into U.S. service, signature, and date of affidavit. Attached to the affidavit is usually a receipt for pay from date of assembly/rendezvous to date of muster.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War) service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of October 2007. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents will be scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-219 thru 401-256 United States Volunteers (Spanish-American War) service records, 1898



 

Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935, bulk 1901-1935,
7.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Regular Rangers and the Ranger Force of the State of Texas. These records consist of memoranda from the Adjutant General of Texas to the U.S. Commissioner of Pensions regarding records of service in the Indian Wars, 1855-1861; and enlistment/oath of service/description forms, and warrants of authority/descriptive lists relating to service in the Ranger Force, 1901-1935. They comprise the service records of the Texas Rangers, 1855-1861 and the Ranger Force, 1901-1935, bulk 1901-1935. There are approximately 1,407 files. A typical memorandum to the federal Commissioner of Pensions gives the following information: name on muster roll, designation (rank and company), name of commanding officer, dates of service, campaigns, personal description, age, occupation, place of birth, and tracing of signature. A typical Oath of Service for the Ranger Force gives the Ranger's signature to the oath, place and date of the oath, plus the following description: age, height, weight, hair, eyes, complexion, where born, occupation, letter designation of company, value of horse, and by whom enlisted. The later forms, "Warrant of Authority and Descriptive List,” and “Enlistment, Oath of Service, and Description," give all of the previous details, plus residence address. In addition, the enlistment certificate gives marital status, and previous service.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Comptroller's Office claims records, 1835-1990, undated, 966.81 cubic ft. [especially Texas Ranger pensions, 1917-1938, 1959-1990, bulk 1959-1990, 0.94 cubic ft.]
Manuscript Collections, Declaration for survivor's pension--Indian Wars, 3.53 cubic ft. (This collection consists of photocopies of 435 pension applications found in the National Archives.)
Publications
Texas Ranger Indian War Pensions, abstracted by Robert W. Stephens, Quanah, Texas: Nortex Press, 1975.
Index to Indian Wars Pension Files, 1892-1926, transcribed by Virgil D. White, 2 volumes, Waynesboro, Tennessee: The National Historical Publishing Company, 1987.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Regular Rangers service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-051 thru 401-065 Regular Rangers service records, 1855-1861, 1901-1935



 

Special Rangers service records, 1916-1934,
22.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Special Rangers of the State of Texas. These records consist of two kinds of forms: "enlistment, oath of service and description," and "warrant of authority and descriptive list." They comprise the service records of the Special Rangers, 1916-1934. There are approximately 4,161 files. A typical enlistment, oath of service and description form gives the following information: name, place of birth, age, occupation, date of enlistment, signature, date of oath, height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, weight, residence, marital status, and previous service. A typical warrant of authority and descriptive list gives name, rank, age, birth place, height, weight, hair, eyes, complexion, occupation, residence, where and when enlisted, by whom enlisted, and an expiration date for the warrant.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Special Rangers service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-066 thru 401-110 Special Rangers service records, 1916-1934



 

Loyalty Rangers service records, 1918,
2.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Loyalty Rangers of the State of Texas during World War I. These records consist of "enlistment, oath of service and description" forms. They comprise the service records of the Loyalty Rangers, 1918. There are approximately 486 files. A typical enlistment, oath of service and description gives the following information: name, place of birth, age, occupation, date of enlistment, signature, date of oath, height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, residence, marital status, and previous service.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Loyalty Rangers service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-127 thru 401-131 Loyalty Rangers service records, 1918



 

Railroad Rangers service records, 1922-1935,
8 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Railroad Rangers of the State of Texas. These records consist of two kinds of forms: "enlistment, oath of service and description," and "warrant of authority and descriptive list." They comprise the service records of the Railroad Rangers, 1922-1935. There are approximately 1,081 files. A typical enlistment, oath of service and description form gives the following information: name, place of birth, age, occupation, date of enlistment, signature, date of oath, height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, weight, residence, marital status, and previous service. A typical warrant of authority and descriptive list gives name, rank, age, birth place, height, hair, eyes, complexion, occupation, residence, where and when enlisted, and by whom enlisted.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual. There is an alphabetical union list that gives the name of the individual, the two- or three-letter code indicating the military organization, and the box number. This union list is available in two binders in the State Archives' search room. The online search engine ( http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/index.php) links to the scanned images of each service record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Railroad Rangers service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
All service records in this series have been scanned as of December 12, 2006. If neither the researcher nor an Archives staff member can read or decipher the online image, the Archives staff member will consult the original and report the results back to the researcher.
Restrictions on Use
None.
Technical Requirements
The Service Record documents have been scanned and saved as Portable Document Format (PDF) images. PDF is a format that displays documents as navigable images. In order to view a PDF document you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader loaded onto your computer. Click on http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/arc/service/introhelp.html for more information.
Box
401-111 thru 401-126 Railroad Rangers service records, 1922-1935



 

Texas National Guard service records, 1901-about 1929, bulk 1903-1911,
62.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Adjutant General's Department created and maintained records that have served as proof of the service of specific individuals in the Texas National Guard. These records consist of "enlistment, description and physical examination" forms (or "description, physical record and enlistment" and other variants), oaths of office for officers of the Texas National Guard, extracts from service records, and memoranda to the Adjutant General concerning service records. They comprise the service records of the Texas National Guard, 1901-about 1929, bulk 1901-1911. There are approximately 11,750 files. The typical description and enlistment portion of the form gives the following information: company, regiment, name, place of birth, age, occupation, date of enlistment, signature, date of oath, name of recruiting officer, height, complexion, eyes, hair, previous military or naval service, grade or rank; some forms also give marital status, residence address, and telephone number. The physical examination/record portion of the form gives some combination of the following: figure and general appearance, weight, height, vision, hearing, chest and contained organs, size of chest in inches (expiration and inspiration), mobility, abdomen and contained organs, genito-urinary apparatus, upper extremities, lower extremities, skin, piles, rheumatism, varicose veins, varicocele, coughs, hernia, feet, previous sickness, heart, teeth, personal marks, and remarks, all certified by an examining surgeon. Consent in case of minor is given by the parent or guardian.
Arrangement
These records have been arranged by State Archives staff alphabetically by name of the individual.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas National Guard service records, Texas Adjutant General's Department service records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
These records contain medical information certified by an examining surgeon, constituting "a record of the identity, diagnosis, evaluation, or treatment of a patient by a physician". (V.T.C.A., Occupations Code, §159.002(b) and (d)). The medical information is confidential for 100 years from the date of its creation.
No folder listing has been made available for the State Archives search room, and these individuals are not listed in the alphabetical union index. Nor will they be scanned.
Restrictions on Use
When necessary, Texas National Guard service records will be redacted to comply with the Occupations Code (medical records). Only the physical examination/physical record portion of the service record form will need to be redacted.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box
401-257 thru 401-380B Texas National Guard service records, 1901-[ca. 1929]