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Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Department of Criminal Justice Executive Office speeches and presentations, 1984, 1992-2003,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Department of Criminal Justice:

An Inventory of Department of Criminal Justice Executive Office Speeches and Presentations at the Texas State Archives, 1984, 1992-2003



Overview

Creator: Texas. Dept. of Criminal Justice.
Title: Department of Criminal Justice Executive Office speeches and presentations
Dates: 1984, 1992-2003
Abstract: The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) manages offenders in state prisons, state jails and contracted private correctional facilities. The agency also provides funding and certain oversight of community supervision and is responsible for the supervision of offenders released from prison on parole or mandatory supervision. This series consists of speeches and presentations prepared by TDCJ Executive Office staff, dating 1984, 1992-2003. The majority of the files have copies of the speeches and/or printed slides from Power Point presentations. Most of the speeches were given by TDCJ executive directors, with some given by deputy or assistant directors, the General Counsel, or board members of the Texas Board of Criminal Justice or the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles.
Quantity: 1.75 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in predominately in English with one speech in Chinese.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) manages offenders in state prisons, state jails and contracted private correctional facilities. The agency also provides funding and certain oversight of community supervision and is responsible for the supervision of offenders released from prison on parole or mandatory supervision. The Department of Criminal Justice came into being in 1848 when "An Act to Establish a State Penitentiary" was passed by the Second Texas Legislature. The act established a governing body of the penitentiary as a three-member Board of Directors, appointed by the Governor, with the approval of the Senate. The Board was responsible for creating and distributing a set of rules and bylaws for the administration of the penitentiary, overseeing the treatment of convicts, preparing an annual inventory of property, and making an annual report to the Governor. Over the years, the name and composition of the Board changed. While its basic functions were not greatly altered, some duties were added. These included acquiring land for the Huntsville and Rusk facilities, purchasing machinery, effecting repairs, leasing the penitentiaries, leasing convicts for outside labor, purchasing and/or leasing farms for the employment of convicts, and providing for the transfer of convicts from county jails to the penitentiary. During the 19th century the direct management of the prison was through the inspector, later known as the superintendent. Other officers included assistant superintendents, inspectors of outside camps, the financial agent, and physicians. The superintendent and financial agent had the most direct dealings with the Board and the Governor in the management of the prison system.

The Texas prison system began as a single institution, located in Huntsville, known as the Huntsville Penitentiary. Convicts were put to work in various shops and factories housed within the institution. In 1871, the legislature directed that the penitentiary be leased to private individuals (Chapter 21, 12th Legislature, 1st Called Session). These men, known as lessees, paid the state for the convict labor and use of facilities, and in turn, managed the system, including clothing and feeding the convicts and paying the guards. It was during this period that the outside camp system was firmly established as part of the prison system. In addition to the use of convicts in and around the prison, the convicts were hired out to large labor employers, mainly plantation owners and railroad companies. A second prison facility, Rusk Penitentiary, was built between 1877 and 1882. It began receiving convicts in January of 1883.

In 1881, the Legislature reorganized the prison system, abolishing the Board of Directors, and creating in its place a Penitentiary Board, consisting of the governor, the state treasurer, and the prison superintendent (Chapter 49, 17th Legislature, Regular Session). In April 1883, the administrative system was again reorganized, with the board comprised of the governor and two commissioners appointed by the governor (Chapter 114, 18th Legislature, Regular Session). In 1885, the board composition changed once more, now consisting of three commissioners appointed by the governor (House Bill 562, 19th Legislature, Regular Session). This board was succeeded by the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1910, which was composed of three commissioners appointed by the governor (Senate Bill 10, 31st Legislature, 4th Called Session). The legislation that created the new board also directed the prison system to begin operating again on state account, i.e., lessees no longer managed the prison system, effective in January 1911. Convicts, or inmates, were housed and worked in one of the two prisons or on one of several state prison farms. The shop industries slowed down while the prison farms expanded. This arrangement made it more difficult to provide education and other reform measures. Such measures were generally practiced at Huntsville, with some teaching extended to a couple of prison farms by the early 1900s.

The Texas Prison Board replaced the Board of Prison Commissioners as the governing body for the Texas Prison System in 1927, increasing in size to nine members (House Bill 59, 40th Legislature, Regular Session). The members of the board were appointed by the governor, with senate approval, to six year overlapping terms. The Board formulated the policies and the manager carried them out. During the Board's tenure, 1927-1957, the Board made changes in the system including more emphasis on prison reform, teaching, recreation--including the establishment of the Texas Prison Rodeo--and a new method of classifying inmates. The Texas Prison System became the Department of Corrections in 1957 (Senate Bill 42, 55th Legislature, Regular Session). This Department was governed by the Board of Corrections, composed of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate to six year overlapping terms.

In 1989, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) and the Board of Criminal Justice were created (House Bill 2335, 71st Legislature, Regular Session). The Board is composed of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate to six year overlapping terms. The governor may not appoint more than two members who reside in an area encompassed by the same administrative judicial region. This new agency absorbed the functions of three agencies: the Department of Corrections, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, and the Texas Adult Probation Commission. The Department of Corrections, which was responsible for the operation of the prison system, is now the Institutional Division of the Department of Criminal Justice. This Division still manages the housing of inmates within the prison system. As of June 2007, approximately 151,960 offenders were housed in TDCJ units or state jails and 13,195 in private facilities.

The TDCJ is composed of the following divisions: Administrative Review and Risk Management, General Counsel, Community Justice Assistance, Correctional Institutions, Private Facility Contract Monitoring/Oversight, Parole, Rehabilitation and Reentry Programs, Health Services, Victim Services, Human Resources and the Texas Correctional Office on Offenders with Medical or Mental Impairments. The departments within the Business and Finance Division report directly to the Chief Financial Officer. Additionally, the Chief Financial Officer provides oversight for the Manufacturing and Logistics Division, the Information Technology Division and the Facilities Division. The State Counsel for Offenders Division, Internal Audit Division, the Office of the Inspector General and the Windham School District report directly to the TBCJ. Direct management of the prison system is through an executive director, with each division headed by a director and each individual prison unit managed by a warden.

The prison system has changed since the 1900s. A major penal reform program was initiated in 1947, modernizing agricultural production, initiating industrial production by inmates, and providing improvements in physical facilities for inmates and employees. A Construction Division was created in 1948 to make use of inmate labor, prison-made brick, and concrete for new building projects. In 1963, the Prison-Made Goods Act authorized an Industries Program to produce materials for internal use and for sale to qualified agencies in the state while providing occupational skills training to inmates. Other services available to inmates include education, recreation, religion, and physiological and psychological health care. The Windham School District was created in 1969 to offer GED certificates or high school diplomas to inmates. Junior college and senior college classes are available. Rehabilitation programs offer vocational training, work furlough programs, and community services to aid inmates in securing work upon release and making the adjustment and transition into society. Legal services are also available to inmates through the Office of the General Counsel.

In 1978, a class action suit was filed by inmate David Ruiz and others on behalf of the inmates confined in the various institutions operated by the Texas Department of Corrections against the director W.J. Estelle, Jr. and the Texas Department of Corrections. The courts found the conditions of confinement violated the United States Constitution and appointed a special master and monitors to supervise implementation of the court-ordered changes. These changes have included reduction of crowding in the prisons and the development of better living, health, and working conditions for inmates. Federal oversight of the Texas prison system ended in 2002.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, various editions, the website of the agency ( http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/index.htm), viewed on May 11, 2009, and the agency's records.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) manages offenders in state prisons, state jails and private correctional facilities that contract with TDCJ. The agency also provides funding and certain oversight of community supervision and is responsible for the supervision of offenders released from prison on parole or mandatory supervision. This series consists of speeches and presentations prepared by TDCJ Executive Office staff, dating 1984, 1992-2003. Most of the files have copies of the speeches and/or printed slides from Power Point presentations. Also present is a compact disc of a speech, as well as a videotape about the Gurule death row escape in August 2000. There is a set of printed Power Point slides in Chinese, from a talk given in Beijing. It is accompanied by an English translation. The majority of the talks were given by several TDCJ directors, James A. "Andy" Collins, Wayne Scott, and Gary Johnson. Some talks were given by deputy or assistant directors, the General Counsel, or board members of the Texas Board of Criminal Justice or the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles. Topics discussed include an overview of TDCJ operations, the state of corrections in Texas, violent trends in the 1990s, offenders with mental impairments, aging offenders, health care, housing state offenders in local jails, private prisons, parole issues, ethics, prison construction, women in corrections, volunteers, escapes, the Crime Stoppers Program, dedications of new correctional facilities, prison ministry, and fallen officers. Speeches were given to state and national law enforcement associations, civic and community groups, legislative committees, and training seminars.

This series was removed from the overall TDJC finding aid due to the electronic file size limitations imposed by the online finding aid web site (TARO). If you are reading this electronically, click on the following link to access the overall finding aid, Texas Department of Criminal Justice records. If you are reading this in paper in the Archives search room, the overall finding aid is found in a separate divider within the same binder.

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Arrangement

These records are arranged as received from the agency, roughly in chronological order by the date the talk was prepared.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Researchers wanting to view the videotape or listen to the speech on compact disc will need to contact the Archives's Preservation Officer for the necessary equipment.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Dept. of Corrections.
Subjects:
Death row inmates-Texas.
Prisoners--Health and hygiene--Texas.
Prisoners--Mental health services--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas--Religious life.
Prisons--Texas--Design and construction.
Prisons--Texas--Officials and employees.
Document Types:
Speeches--Prisons--Texas--1984, 1992-2003.
Functions:
Managing prisons.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
None.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas Department of Criminal Justice Executive Office speeches and presentations. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2008/104

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice on February 25, 2008.

Processing Information

Processed by Laura K. Saegert, February 2009

Other Formats for the Records

One speech is also present on compact disc.

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Department of Criminal Justice Executive Office speeches and presentations, 1984, 1992-2003,
1.75 cubic ft.

Box
2008/104-1 Names and positions of officials and staff making the presentations
Brief History of Organizations and Operations of the Texas Department of Corrections, James Collins, March 1984
American Correctional Association (ACA) - Developing a Vision to Counteract the Violent '90s Texas Trends, James Collins, August 1992
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) - New Directors Seminar: Preparing for Critical Events: What to do Before the Telephone Rings, James Collins, April 1993
The State of Corrections in Texas, James Collins, October 1993
Walker County Impact, James Riley, November 1993
Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) Institutional Division Overview, James Collins, June 1994
Close custody speech, James Collins, September 1995
High Security Facilities - Meeting the Challenge, Wayne Scott, October 1995
TDCJ highlights and facts (several editions), October 1993-February 1995
TDCJ highlights and facts, September 1995
ACA - Too Many Prisoners: The Impact of Housing State Inmates in Local Jails, Wayne Scott, December 1995
Importance of Health Care in a Correctional Setting, Wayne Scott, December 1995
Walker County speech, Wayne Scott, April 1996
Texas Probation Association (TPA) - Where Are We Headed in Criminal Justice, Wayne Scott, March 1996
Texas Corrections Association (TCA) - Agents of Change for Tomorrow's Future, Wayne Scott, April 1996
Colorado City Chamber of Commerce, Wayne Scott, February 1996
TDCJ overview speech, Janie Cockrell, March 1996
TCA speech at Corpus Christi, Wayne Scott, June 1996
Dallas Rotary speech - TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, September 1996
House Joint Committee on Offenders with Mental Impairments, Wayne Scott and Susan Cranford, June 1996
Sheriff's Association speech, Wayne Scott, July 1996
ACA - How to Administer an Explosive Population, Wayne Scott, August 1996
Issues that Matter, Wayne Scott, November 1996
Texas Assocation of Hostage Negotiators quarterly training seminar, Wayne Scott, December 1996
Importance of Health Care in the Correctional Setting, Wayne Scott, February 1996
National Association of Blacks in Criminal Justice - Crime, Drugs, Gangs, and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention, Wayne Scott, April 1997
ACA - Panel Discussion on Telemedicine, Wayne Scott, August 1997
Criminal Justice and Sentencing in Texas: 1970s-1990s, Carl Reynolds, April 1997
Western Directors Conference - Privatization of Prisons, Art Mosley, May 1997
Dick Ware Unit dedication, Wayne Scott, May 1997
County Leadership Council speech, Wayne Scott, May 1997
TDCJ Overview for Impact Support Group, Wayne Scott, August 1997
Parole Division 1997 Management Conference, Wayne Scott, August 1997
Sheriff's Association speech, Wayne Scott, July 1997
Dallas Crime Commission speech, Wayne Scott, September 1997
Texas Conservative Forum - Solutions for the 21st Century: The Role of Private Prisons and County Jails in Texas, Wayne Scott, October 1997
Parole Residential Services - A Vision Shift for the New Century, Wayne Scott, November 1997
All Directors Seminar: Case Studies in the Privatization of Prisons - Correction's Perspective, Wayne Scott, November 1997
Presentation to the Kentucky Judiciary Committee on Prison Construction, Art Mosely, November 1997
ACA - Emergency Preparedness Presentation, Wayne Scott, January 1998
Jim Wells County Leadership presentation (TDCJ overview), Wayne Scott, February 1998
Private prison speech - Oklahoma, Gary Johnson, October 1997
Women in Corrections Conference, Wayne Scott, February 1998
Contract Facility Operations, Terri Wilson, February 1998
Austin Metro Breakfast Club speech on prison reform, Wayne Scott, April 1998
TDCJ Public Service Program update (on community work), Sharon Keilin, March 1998
Houston Rotary Club - TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, June 1998
TDCJ Crime Stoppers Program, Sharon Keilin, April 1998
Investing in At-Risk Children, Wayne Scott, April 1998
Capacity speech, Allan Polunsky, April 1998
Waco Kiwanis - TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, May 1998
Southern States Correctional Association - Aging of the TDCJ Population, Wayne Scott, July1998
Correctional Peace Officer Foundation (CPOF) Project 2000 IX, Wayne Scott, June 1998
TCA - Youthful Offender Program, Susan Cranford, June 1998
TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, July 1998
TDCJ Sesquicentennial Dedication, Wayne Scott, July 1998
TDCJ overview - El Paso Red Ribbon, Wayne Scott, October 1998
Dedication of Chapel/Hughes Unit, Wayne Scott, September 1998
Dually Diagnosed Training opening remarks, Wayne Scott, September 1998
Business Leaders of Dallas - Misconceptions and TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, October 1998
Professional AgricultureWorkers Conference - Overview/Myths, Art Mosley, October 1998
ACA - Maximizing New Technology in Construction and Renovation of Facilities, Wayne Scott, January 1999
Overview of Board of Pardons and Paroles (BPP), Sandy Walker (BPP), January 1999
Myths and overview, Carole Young, March 1999
Huntsville Leadership Institute (HLI) - Myths and Misconceptions, Ed Owens, March 1999
Myths and Misconceptions and Overview, Janie Cockrell, April 1999
Female Leaders in TDCJ, Janie Cockrell, April 1999
TCA Annual Conference - Director's Forum, Wayne Scott, June 1999
Leadership of Texas - TDCJ Women, Carole Young, August 1999
GED Graduation speech - Invitation to Begin, Sandy Walker, August 1999
Violent Offender Issue Management Training, Wayne Scott, August 1999
TDCJ overview and myths, Mike Pugh, June 1999
National Association of Institutional Agribusiness (NAIA) Conference comments, Wayne Scott, August 1999
TDCJ Forum on Ethics, Wayne Scott, October 1999
ASCA New Directors Seminar - Disorder Management, Wayne Scott, October 1999
Crime Victims Conference, Art Mosely, November 1999
HLI - Misconceptions and Myths, Wayne Scott, December 1999
All Directors Training - Workplace Relationships and Job Expections (Generation X), Wayne Scott, November 1999
Box
2008/104-2 Pre-Service Graduation Remarks, Art Mosely, December 1999
Boot Camp graduation speech, Susan Cranford, December 1999
ACA - Medical Performance-Based Standard, Wayne Scott, January 2000
San Antonio Rotary Club - TDCJ overview, Wayne Scott, February 2000
Community Work Programs, Ed Owens, April 2000
TPA - Probation in the Future, Carl Reynolds, April 2000
ACA - Managing Special Populations, Wayne Scott, August 2000
Task Force on Female Offenders opening remarks, Wayne Scott, January 2000
Overview - Justice for All, Wayne Scott, June 2000
TDCJ Crime Stoppers Program, Sharon Keilin, May 2000
TCA - Emerging Issues in Adult Corrections, Wayne Scott, June 2000
ASCA - New Directors Training - Managing the External Environment, Wayne Scott, June 2000
Sam Houston State University Millennium Seminar - Emerging Issues, Wayne Scott, June 2000
NLPES (National Legislative Program Evaluation Society ?) - Emerging Issues, Wayne Scott, September 2000
Houston Rotary Club - TDCJ overview, Carl Jeffries, August 2000
An Escape from Texas Death Row (the Gurule escape), Gary Johnson, August 2000
[Includes compact disc and videotape]
Ethics of Leadership, Art Mosely, November 2000
HLI - TDCJ overview, Gary Johnson, October 2000
Texas Prison Rodeo and Noteable Escapes, Wayne Scott, October 2000
Huntsville Lions Club, Myths and Misconceptions, Wayne Scott, September 2000
ASCA All Directors Seminar: Computer Recovery Program, Wayne Scott, November 2000
National Workshop on Sentencing and Corrections Challenges, Art Mosely, June 1999
Box
2008/104-3 Operational Support Presentation, Sharon Keilin, May 1999
Community Service Projects, Sharon Keilin, March 1996
TDCJ Executive Division Overview, Art Mosely, July 1998
Anderson County - Myths and Misconceptions, Sue Perryman, February 2001
Dallas Crime Commission - A Decade of Change, Wayne Scott, June 2001
Government Canyon Project, Carl Jeffries, May 2001
TDCJ memorial service speech for National Correctional Officer Week, Wayne Scott, May 2001
Governor's Criminal Justice Volunteers Awards Ceremony, Wayne Scott, May 2001
University of Texas Criminal Justice class - Decade of Change, Wayne Scott, April 2001
ACA - Unique Health Care Needs: Caring for Older Offenders in Prisons and Jails, Lannette Linthicum, August 2001
Formby State Jail Groundbreaking, Ed Owens, August 2001
Sam Houston State University - Policing in Multi-Cultural Societies, Gary Johnson, October 2001
HLI - Overview, Gary Johnson, December 2001
TDCJ Overview for Health Services Division Meeting, Art Mosely, December 2001
Governor's Criminal Justice Volunteers Awards Ceremony, Gary Johnson, April 2002
TDCJ Overview, Adrian Arriaga, April 2002
Escape from the Connally Unit: What Happened, How We Responded, Gary Johnson, June 2002
Southern States Correctional Association - Escape from Death Row, Gary Johnson, July 2002
Beijing Presentation, Doug Dretke, June 2002
[An outline of the speech discussing each slide is in English. The printed slides from the Power Point presentation are in Chinese.]
Dallas Habitat for Humanity - TDCJ Blitz Building, Debra Miller, May 2002
American Correctional Chaplains Association - The Big Picture: Restorative Ministry in a Criminal Justice Setting, Ed Owens, September 2002
TDCJ Overview and Myths, Pierce Miller, September 2002
Pre-Service Graduation Remarks, Dennis Miller, October 2002
Fallen Officer Resolution, Christina Crain, March 2003

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