Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools:

An Inventory of Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools Records Regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians at the Texas State Archives, 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964



Overview

Creator: Texas. Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools.
Title: Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians
Dates: 1938-1939, 1948-1965
Dates: bulk 1956-1964
Abstract: The Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools managed the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation between 1949 and 1965. The files are correspondence, memos, laws, financial and budget data, excerpts of board minutes, reports, news bulletins and other printed materials, agreements, and the bylaws, charters and constitutions of the tribes. Dates covered are 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964.
Quantity: 0.25 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

State administration for the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation began in 1930. In that year the state began making appropriations for the reservation and designated the Texas State Board of Control as the supervising agency. In 1949 responsibility for most eleemosynary institutions that had been managed by the Texas State Board of Control, including the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, was transferred to the newly-created Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools (House Bill 1, 51st Legislature, Regular Session). Responsibilities of the Board in regards to the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation included approval of the budget for the reservation, helping the Indians develop human and economic resources of the reservation and assisting the Tribal Council--the governing body of the Indians--in making the reservation self-sufficient. The federal government relinquished federal control over the tribe in 1955.

The Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools was composed of nine members, appointed by the governor, with concurrence by the Senate, to six-year overlapping terms. No more than three members could be physicians. The board approved budgets for the central office and each individual institution. In 1956 the board exercised oversight of 22 hospitals and special schools. It was abolished in 1965 (59th Legislature, House Bill 3, Regular Session) and its duties transferred to other departments, primarily the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation. Responsibilities for the Alabama-Coushatta Indians were transferred to the Texas Commission for Indian Affairs.


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools managed the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation between 1949 and 1965. The files are correspondence, memos, laws, financial and budget data, excerpts of board minutes, reports, news bulletins and other printed material, agreements, and the bylaws, charter and constitution of the tribes. Dates covered are 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964. Topics covered include management of the timber industry on tribal lands, development and operation of reservation enterprises, tourism, education of tribal children, budget and expenditures, rules and regulations, and living conditions on the reservation.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Arrangement of the Records

These records are arranged by record type, then roughly in reverse chronological order as received from the agency.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Alabama Indians--Legal status, laws, etc.
Koasati Indians--Legal status, laws, etc.
Alabama Indians--Governmental relations.
Alabama Indians--Reservations.
Koasati Indians--Government relations.
Koasati Indians--Reservations.
Indians of North America--Texas--Government relations.
Indians of North America--Texas--Reservations.
Forest management--Texas, east.
Timber--Economic aspects--Texas, east.
Places:
Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation (Tex.)
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Indians--1948-1965.
Charters--Texas--Indians--1939.
Bylaws--Texas--Indians--1938.
Constitution--Texas--Indians--1938.
Clippings--Texas--Indians--about 1957-1965.
Financial records--Texas--Indians--1948-1965.
Memoranda--Texas--Indians--1948-1965.
Functions:
Managing Indians.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
James Ludwell Davis Sylestine Papers, [17--]-1989, bulk 1900-1980s, 2.47 cubic ft.
Texas Indian Commission records, 1957-1989, 49 cubic ft.
Josephine Lamb Collection, 1954-1966, undated, 152.5 inches, RESTRICTED. [This collection is unprocessed, see staff for assistance. Call numbers are 2-22/752 thru 2-22/784]
Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated, 103.47 cubic ft.
Waide (C.D.) Literary Production, 1916, fractional [This collection is unprocessed, the call number is 2-7L/15.]
Chambers (Dr. and Mrs. C.W.) Collection, 1911-1936. 2.5 inches. [This collection is unprocessed, the call number is 2-23/630.]

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 2007/019

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by an unknown entity. An accession number was assigned by Texas State Archives staff for control purposes on September 18, 2006.

Processing Information

Laura K. Saegert, September 2006


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians, 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964,
0.25 cubic ft.

Box
006-1 Constitution and bylaws, corporate charter, 1938-1939
Clippings, about 1957-1965
Legislation, about 1949
Reports, agreement, 1950, 1952, 1964
Correspondence and administrative files:
about 1960-1965
[Note: most files concern timber resources on the reservation.]
1948, 1961-1965
1960-1963
1959-1961
1956-1959
1949-1957