Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools:
An Inventory of Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools Records Regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians at the Texas State Archives, 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964
State administration for the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation began in 1930. In that year the state began making appropriations for the reservation and designated the Texas State Board of Control as the supervising agency. In 1949 responsibility for most eleemosynary institutions that had been managed by the Texas State Board of Control, including the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, was transferred to the newly-created Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools (House Bill 1, 51st Legislature, Regular Session). Responsibilities of the Board in regards to the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation included approval of the budget for the reservation, helping the Indians develop human and economic resources of the reservation and assisting the Tribal Council--the governing body of the Indians--in making the reservation self-sufficient. The federal government relinquished federal control over the tribe in 1955.
The Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools was composed of nine members, appointed by the governor, with concurrence by the Senate, to six-year overlapping terms. No more than three members could be physicians. The board approved budgets for the central office and each individual institution. In 1956 the board exercised oversight of 22 hospitals and special schools. It was abolished in 1965 (59th Legislature, House Bill 3, Regular Session) and its duties transferred to other departments, primarily the Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation. Responsibilities for the Alabama-Coushatta Indians were transferred to the Texas Commission for Indian Affairs.
The Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools managed the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation between 1949 and 1965. The files are correspondence, memos, laws, financial and budget data, excerpts of board minutes, reports, news bulletins and other printed material, agreements, and the bylaws, charter and constitution of the tribes. Dates covered are 1938-1939, 1948-1965, bulk 1956-1964. Topics covered include management of the timber industry on tribal lands, development and operation of reservation enterprises, tourism, education of tribal children, budget and expenditures, rules and regulations, and living conditions on the reservation.
To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.
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Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
(Identify the item), Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records regarding Alabama-Coushatta Indians. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession number: 2007/019
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by an unknown entity. An accession number was assigned by Texas State Archives staff for control purposes on September 18, 2006.
Laura K. Saegert, September 2006
Detailed Description of the Records