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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangment of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Department of Corrections Carrasco audiotapes and booklet, 1974,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Department of Corrections:

An Inventory of Department of Corrections Carrasco Audiotapes and Booklet at the Texas State Archives, 1974



Overview

Creator: Texas. Department of Corrections.
Title Department of Corrections Carrasco audiotapes and booklet
Dates: 1974
Abstract: The Texas Department of Corrections (TDC) was responsible for the operation of the prison system from 1957 to 1989, when that function was absorbed by the newly created Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Records in this series are audiocassette tapes from the Carrasco hostage incident that occurred at the Huntsville Unit education and library facility, dating from July 27 to August 12, 1974, and a booklet about the event published that same year by the TDC. The dates of the audiotapes cover most of the eleven-day incident (July 24–August 3) and include the post-incident interviews (August 7–12). The incident, also known as the "Huntsville Siege," involved three inmates—Fred Gomez Carrasco, Rudy S. Dominguez, and Ignacio Cuevas, who took hostages and made a number of demands to prison officials in exchange for their freedom. The incident ended with the deaths of two female hostages, the wounding of other hostages, and the deaths of inmate gunmen Carrasco and Dominguez.
Quantity: 0.59 cubic ft. and 4.1 GB (145 files)
Language: These materials are in English and Spanish.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.

Agency History

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) manages offenders in state prisons, state jails and private correctional facilities that contract with TDCJ. The agency also provides funding and oversight of community supervision and is responsible for the supervision of offenders released from prison on parole or mandatory supervision. The first predecessor of the TDCJ came into being in 1848 when "An Act to Establish a State Penitentiary" was passed by the 2nd Texas Legislature. The act established a governing body of the penitentiary as a three-member Board of Directors, appointed by the governor, with the approval of the senate. The board was responsible for creating and distributing a set of rules and bylaws for the administration of the penitentiary, overseeing the treatment of convicts, preparing an annual inventory of property, and making an annual report to the governor.

The prison system began as a single institution, located in Huntsville, known as the Huntsville Penitentiary. Convicts were put to work in various shops and factories housed within the institution. In 1871, the legislature directed that the penitentiary be leased to private individuals (Chapter 21, 12th Legislature, 1st Called Session). These men, known as lessees, paid the state for the convict labor and use of facilities, and in turn, managed the system, including clothing and feeding the convicts and paying the guards. It was during this period that the outside camp system was firmly established as part of the prison system. In addition to the use of convicts in and around the prison, the convicts were hired out to large labor employers, mainly plantation owners and railroad companies. A second prison facility, Rusk Penitentiary, was built between 1877 and 1882. It began receiving convicts in January of 1883.

In 1881, the legislature reorganized the prison system, abolishing the Board of Directors and creating in its place a Penitentiary Board, consisting of the governor, the state treasurer, and the prison superintendent (Chapter 49, 17th Legislature, Regular Session). In April 1883, the administrative system was again reorganized, with the board comprised of the governor and two commissioners appointed by the governor (Chapter 114, 18th Legislature, Regular Session). In 1885, the board composition changed once more, now consisting of three commissioners appointed by the governor (House Bill 562, 19th Legislature, Regular Session). This board was succeeded by the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1910, which was composed of three commissioners appointed by the governor (Senate Bill 10, 31st Legislature, 4th Called Session). The legislation that created the new board also directed the prison system to begin operating again on state account, i.e., lessees no longer managed the prison system, effective in January 1911. Convicts, or inmates, were housed and worked in one of the two prisons or on one of several state prison farms. The shop industries slowed down while the prison farms expanded. This arrangement made it more difficult to provide education and other reform measures. Such measures were generally practiced at Huntsville, with some teaching extended to a couple of prison farms by the early 1900s.

The Texas Prison Board replaced the Board of Prison Commissioners as the governing body for the Texas Prison System in 1927, increasing in size to nine members (House Bill 59, 40th Legislature, Regular Session). The members of the board were appointed by the governor, with senate approval, to six-year overlapping terms. The board formulated the policies and the manager carried them out. During its tenure, 1927-1957, the board made changes in the system including more emphasis on prison reform, teaching, recreation—including the establishment of the Texas Prison Rodeo—and a new method of classifying inmates. The Texas Prison System became the Texas Department of Corrections in 1957 (Senate Bill 42, 55th Legislature, Regular Session). This department was governed by the Texas Board of Corrections, composed of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate to six-year overlapping terms.

In 1989, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) and the Texas Board of Criminal Justice were created (House Bill 2335, 71st Legislature, Regular Session). The board is composed of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate to six-year overlapping terms. The governor may not appoint more than two members who reside in an area encompassed by the same administrative judicial region. This new agency absorbed the functions of three agencies: the Department of Corrections, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, and the Texas Adult Probation Commission. The Department of Corrections, which was responsible for the operation of the prison system, became the Institutional Division of the Department of Criminal Justice. This division still manages the housing of inmates within the prison system. Offenders are currently housed in 73 facilities—59 prison units and 14 transfer facilities, that include five women's units, four medical units, three psychiatric units, a diagnostic unit for initial processing, two boot camps, and two work camps. TDCJ also contracts with seven privately operated facilities to house inmates. As of July 1998, approximately 124,000 offenders were housed in TDCJ units; 6,168 in private facilities.

The other divisions of the Department of Criminal Justice are the Parole Division (including the Board of Pardons and Paroles), the Community Justice Assistance Division (former Adult Probation Commission), the State Jail Division (created in 1993), the Executive Division, Internal Affairs, Programs and Services, Victims Services, Office of the General Counsel, Financial Services, Health Services, Internal Audit, and State Counsel for Offenders. Direct management of the prison system is through an executive director, with each division headed by a director and each individual prison unit managed by a warden.

The prison system has changed since the 1900s. A major penal reform program was initiated in 1947, modernizing agricultural production, initiating industrial production by inmates, and providing improvements in physical facilities for inmates and employees. A Construction Division was created in 1948 to make use of inmate labor, prison-made brick, and concrete for new building projects. In 1963, the Prison-Made Goods Act authorized an Industries Program to produce materials for internal use and for sale to qualified agencies in the state while providing occupational skills training to inmates. Other services available to inmates include education, recreation, religion, and physiological and psychological health care. The Windham School District was created in 1969 to offer GED certificates or high school diplomas to inmates. Junior college and senior college classes are available. Rehabilitation programs offer vocational training, work furlough programs, and community services to aid inmates in securing work upon release and making the adjustment and transition into society. Legal services are also available to inmates through the Office of the General Counsel.

In 1978, a class action suit was filed by inmate David Ruiz and others on behalf of the inmates confined in the various institutions operated by the Texas Department of Corrections against the director W.J. Estelle, Jr. and the Texas Department of Corrections. The courts found the conditions of confinement violated the United States Constitution and appointed a special master and monitors to supervise implementation of the court-ordered changes. These changes have included reduction of crowding in the prisons and the development of better living, health, and working conditions for inmates. TDCJ is still monitored by the federal government to insure continued compliance with the court orders.

In July and August of 1974, a hostage incident occurred at the Huntsville Unit education and library facility. Known as the Carrasco hostage incident or the "Huntsville Siege," it involved three inmates—Fred Gomez Carrasco, Rudy S. Dominguez, and Ignacio Cuevas, who took hostages and made a number of demands to prison officials in exchange for their freedom. The incident lasted eleven days, from July 24 to August 3, ending with the deaths of two female hostages, the wounding of other hostages, and the deaths of inmate gunmen Carrasco and Dominguez. The hostages were employees Glen D. Johnson, Ronald W. Robinson, Aline V. House, Novella M. Pollard, Linda G. Woodman, Elizabeth Y. Beseda (died), Julia C. Standley (died), Bertha M. Davis, Ann Fleming, Bobby G. Heard, and Anthony Branch; Father Joseph O'Brien; and four inmates, Martin Quiroz, Henry Escamilla, Steve Robertson, and Florencio Vera. The surviving inmate gunman, Ignacio Cuevas, was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of hostage Julia Standley. He was executed on May 23, 1991.

One of the hostages, librarian Aline House, published a book in 1975 about the siege, The Carrasco Tragedy, Eleven Days of Terror in the Huntsville Prison. This book gives a day-by-day description of events and discusses the aftermath of the crisis, including the trial of the surviving gunman, Ignacio Cuevas.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, various editions, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice website (http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/index.html), accessed February 19, 2016; and the agency's records.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Department of Corrections (TDC) was responsible for the operation of the prison system from 1957 to 1989, when that function was absorbed by the newly created Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Records in this series are audiocassette tapes from the Carrasco hostage incident that occurred at the Huntsville Unit education and library facility, dating from July 27 to August 12, 1974, and a booklet about the event published that same year by the TDC. The dates of the audiotapes cover most of the eleven-day incident (July 24–August 3), also known as the "Huntsville Siege," and include the post-incident interviews (August 7–12) with the surviving inmate gunman and hostages about the siege.

The audiotapes record the conversations between the inmates, director W.J. Estelle Jr., Carrasco's attorney Ruben Montemayor (who served as a mediator), warden H.H. Husbands, Governor Dolph Briscoe, reporters, hostages and their families, and others. The inventory transcribes information written on the cassettes about either the speakers and/or the content of the tapes. Many of the conversations with the inmate gunmen are either in Spanish or else in Spanish and English.

The audiotapes were duplicated in December 2000–January 2001 in order to make a tape use copy available for research. In 2015, high-quality digital recordings were made from the original tapes. Blank sides of tapes were not digitized. The master digital recording captures the entire running time of each tape side that contains recorded sound, unless otherwise indicated in the inventory, while the digital access copy has been edited to eliminate any lengthy periods where no sound was originally recorded. The audio quality of the recordings varies and reflects the recording conditions and the grade of the equipment and audiotape used when the original recordings were made. The format of the digital audio files presented for public use is .mp3. Files in their original format are available on request; restrictions may apply.

This series is part of the overall Texas Department of Criminal Justice records finding aid. If you are reading this in paper in the Archives search room, the finding aid, Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, is found in the first divider within the same binder.

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Arrangment of the Records

About two-thirds of the tapes are dated and arranged in roughly chronological order; the other third are not dated and are arranged as received.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Physical materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Physical materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Due to the fragility of the tapes, the digital copies must be used instead of the original tapes. Transcripts are not available at this time. Researchers wishing to access the original audiotapes must contact Archives staff. Access may be granted if there is a problem with the digital recording or if the researcher wants to see the physical tape.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

The records described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/tdcj/texas-department-of-corrections-carrasco-audiotapes/.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Huntsville Penitentiary.
Subjects (Personal Names):
Carrasco, Fred, d. 1974.
Dominguez, Rudy S., d. 1974.
Cuevas, Ignacio, d. 1991, May 23.
Estelle, Jr., W. J.
Briscoe, Dolph.
Montemayor, Ruben.
Husbands, H. H.
Subjects (Corporate Names):
Texas. Governor (1973-1979 : Briscoe)
Subjects:
Hostage negotiations--Texas.
Hostages--Texas.
Prison violence--Texas.
Prison homicide--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas--Death.
Document Types:
Audiotapes--Prison violence--Texas--Jul. 1974–Aug. 1974.
Booklets--Prison violence--Texas--1974.
Digital file formats--Prison violence--Texas--1974.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Cushing Memorial Library, Texas A&M University
W.J. Estelle Papers, 1927-1984, 14 linear ft.
Publications
The Carrasco Tragedy, Eleven Days of Terror in the Huntsville Prison, by Aline House, 1975.
Eleven Days in Hell: The 1974 Carrasco Prison Siege at Huntsville, Texas, William T. Harper, 2004.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), Texas Department of Corrections Carrasco audiotapes and booklet. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1999/113

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice on March 5, 1999.

Processing Information

Processed by Laura K. Saegert, October 1999

Corrections and further encoding to TARO project standards by Laura K. Saegert, March 2001

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the conversion stylesheet v1to02.xsl, July 22, 2003

Finding aid reformatted by Laura K. Saegert, December 2004

Finding aid updated and made DACS-compliant by Rebecca Romanchuk, February 2016

Other Formats for the Records

The records described in this finding aid have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/tdcj/texas-department-of-corrections-carrasco-audiotapes/.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Department of Corrections Carrasco audiotapes and booklet, 1974,
0.59 cubic ft. and 4.1 GB (145 files)

Box
1998/038-405 Booklet about the incident published by the Department of Corrections, "A Time to Forget,"1974
[Note: This item is also available through the Texas Digital Archive.]
Audio cassettes, July 27–August 12, 1974
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 1 Carrasco - Estelle; Montemayor; Warrant on Rosa, etc.; House feigns heart attack; Heard crying; Fred, Ruben (Gillespie, conference call), July 27, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 2 Reporter - interview with hostages; Pollard - reporter interview; Cuevas - reporter interview; Robinson - reporter interview; Carrasco - reporter interview, July 27, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 3 Carrasco - news interview; Woodman - news interview; House - news interview; Pollard - news interview; Carrasco - another interviewer, July 27, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 4 Robinson - Sweeny (reporter); Carrasco - Sweeny; Heard - Sweeny; Carrasco - Montemayor; Carrasco - Yema (reporter); Carrasco - de la Garza (reporter); female hostage - family, July 27-28, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 5 Pollard - family; Beseda - family; Standley - family; House - family; Heard - wife; Branch - family; Robinson - family; Davis - family; Fleming - family, July 28, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 6 Woodman - family; inmate Quiroz calling his home, July 28, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 7 Carrasco - Montemayor discussing helmet specifications; various phone calls including Pollard, July 28, 1974
[120-minute cassette]
[Note: Speed issues on Side B of original recording make segments difficult to understand.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 8 Carrasco - Hostage - family; Dominguez - requesting newspapers; Carrasco - Montemayor; Carrasco - reporter interview; inmate hostage - reporter interview; Heard - reporter interview; House - reporter interview, July 28, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Lots of background noise early on Side A; part of Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 9 Beseda - husband; Montemayor - Carrasco; Beseda - son; Davis - family; House - family; Branch - family; O'Brien - family; Robinson - family, July 28, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 10 Inmate to S.A. [San Antonio?] - Quiroz, July 28, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 11 Robinson - family; Beseda - family; Carrasco - Montemayor, July 28, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 12 Carrasco - Montemayor; O'Brien - Montemayor; Carrasco - reporter; Robinson - reporter; Fleming - reporter; Woodman - McKaskle; O'Brien - brother; Carrasco - reporter; Quiroz - reporter; House - reporter, July 28, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 13 Carrasco - Montemayor,July 29, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 14 Narration of inmate hostage Escamilla's escape from library by Aguilar, July 29, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 15 Carrasco - Montemayor; Cuevas - Montemayor; Dominguez - Montemayor; Heard - Estelle; Carrasco - Estelle, July 29, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 16 Inmate Escamilla's escape; Standley - M.B. Etheridge; Beseda - husband; Carrasco - Montemayor concerning warrant on Rosa Carrasco; Standley - family, July 29, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 17 Interrogation of inmate Escamilla,July 29, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 18 Dominguez - Montemayor; Cuevas - Montemayor; Carrasco - Montemayor; Woodman - Estelle discussing demands, July 29-30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 19 Montemayor - Cuevas; Montemayor - Dominguez - Montemayor - Carrasco, July 29-30, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 20 Carrasco - Montemayor drawing up publication contract, July 29-30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 21 Heard - family; O'Brien - family; Standley - family; Pollard - family; Robinson - family, July 30, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank. From label: Family CLs. Heard - 7:17 PM - 8th to CL. Father O'Brien. 9th. 7:26 PM. Stanley. 10th. 7:27 PM. Father O'Brien - 11th. 7:41 PM. Pollard - 12th. 7:45 PM.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 22 Cuevas - Montemayor; Carrasco - Montemayor negotiations; Heard - Estelle; Branch - Estelle; Standley writing TDC offer to Carrasco, July 30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 23 Beseda - Estelle, fake bomb in window; Spanish conversation to San Antonio, July 30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette case insert text: 7-30-1974, Vera to San Ant. 533pm to 552pm, Beseda - 620.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 24 Carrasco interview - to San Antonio, July 30, 1974
[120-minute cassette]
[Side A has two audio dropouts near beginning of tape and has speed issues from recording starting around 20 minutes. Side B is blank for the first 6 minutes and 50 seconds and was not recorded into preservation master. Speed control was used to adjust playback for better intelligibility.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 25 Standley - family; inmate Quiroz - wife; Steve Robertson - family, July 30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 26 Beseda - family; Davis - family; female hostage - family; Branch - family; Heard - family; Fleming - family; Woodman - family; Vera - family; Dominguez - Vera's family; Pollard - Dr. Blalock; Standley - family; Beseda - family, July 30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side A label notes: 3 calls to San Ant.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 27 Vera - family; Dominguez - Vera's family; Beseda - family; Standley - family; Cuevas - Vera's family, July 30, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 28 Carrasco - Montemayor, copy for Ruben,July 30, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 29 Carrasco - Montemayor, July 30, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 30 Fleming - reporter; Carrasco - reporter; Robinson - reporter; Montemayor - Carrasco; Carrasco - reporter; Fleming - reporter; Robinson - reporter, July 30-31, 1974?
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 31 Carrasco - Ruben [Montemayor]; hostages - Estelle; meal orders and delivery, July 30-31, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 32 Carrasco - Montemayor, wanted clothes and food; Standley - Montemayor; Heard - Estelle; Branch - Estelle, July 30-31, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 33 Pollard - daughter Cathy giving statement Estelle gave Carrasco and Carrasco's response; Davis - family; Mrs. Heard, July 31, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 34 Carrasco - Montemayor discussing negotiations, delivery of medication; Beseda ordering food, July 31, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Short call after blank period at the end of Side B.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 35 Carrasco - Montemayor; hostages giving statement, July 31, 1974
[120-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 36 O'Brien - outside call; Pollard - daughter Cathy; Fleming - husband; Robinson - family; inmate Vera - mother, July 31-August 1, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 37 Vera's call to San Antonio; Pollard - daughter Cathy; news release, August 1, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 38 Pollard's daughter Cathy giving statement; Carrasco - Pollard's family; Pollard - family; Beseda - family, August 1, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 39 Beseda - family; Woodman - family; Davis - family; Heard - family; Pollard - family, August 1, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 40 Carrasco - Montemayor, negotiations; Woodman requesting supplies; Dominguez - Montemayor; Pollard - Montemayor, August 1, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B label notes: 8-1-74 7:00pm to 10:00pm. Mostly Spanish.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 41 Pollard - family; Robinson - family; Carrasco - hostage family; inmate hostage - family; Dominguez - mother; Dominguez - friend, August 1, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 42 Tape case labeled "Carrasco - Montemayor"; tape itself labeled "NIGHT Aug. 1-2, 1974"; reverse side labeled "faulty tape,"August 1-2, 1974?
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 43 Female hostage - husband; O'Brien - family; Standley - friend; Robinson - family; Fleming - family; Davis - family; Beseda - family; Branch - family; Heard - family, August 2, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Handwritten on cassette label: 8-2-74 tape placed; 12:15 PM family conversation; 8:30 PM - Mrs Fleming, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Beseda, Mr. Branch, Father O'Brien, Judy Standley Robinson, Mrs. Pollard; 8:45 PM Robinson call home in Conroe.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 44 Dominguez conversation with unknown woman; Heard -wife, August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 45 Carrasco - Montemayor, discussing escape plans and Woodman's release, August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 46 Woodman debriefing after her release, August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette case insert text: 9:03pm, off 9:21pm.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 47 Linda Woodman being debriefed, August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette label: Linda Woodman debriefed by Rogers, Wyatt, etc.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 48 Woodman debriefing after her release,August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 49 Woodman debriefing, August 2, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 50 Fleming - family; Branch - family; Pollard - family; Beseda - family; Robinson - family; Standley - family, August 3, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank. Cassette case insert text: 1:10pm-Fleming to Family, 1:40pm-Branch to Family, 1:55-Robinson to Family in Consol, Poland to Family, Connt., Fleming to Family, Branch to Family, Robinson to Family, Beseda to Family, Standley to Family, Pollard to Family, Hostages are making plans to leave and saying goodbye to families.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 51 Hostages talking to family members, making plans to leave, August 3, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette label: Pollard to Family, cont.; Fleming to Family; Branch to Family.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 52 Interview with Aline House, August 7, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette case insert text: Aline House 8-7-74 11:30-11:50.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 53 Interview with Aline House, August 7, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Cassette case insert text: 1st interview with Aline House 8-7-74 10AM.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 54 Interview with Cuevas, August 8, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 55 Interview with Linda Woodman, questions about location of ammunition, how ammunition got in, how weapons got in, questions about drugs, questions about Rosa Carrasco, questions about Dominguez and Cuevas, and questions about shots fired in the library, August 8, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 56 Interview with Anthony Branch, August 8, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 57 Interview with Glen Johnson, August 8, 1974
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 58 Interview with Ron Robinson, August 9, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 59 Interview with Ron Robinson, August 9, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 60 Interview with Heard, August 9, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 61 Interview with O'Brien, August 12, 1974
[90-minute cassette]
Audio cassettes, undated
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 62 Heard, House, Carrasco, Davis, Beseda - reporter interviews
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 63 Dominguez - Montemayor; Cuevas - Montemayor
[45-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 64 Woodman ordering tea and makeup
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 65 Governor's conference call, Briscoe - Carrasco - Montemayor; inmate hostage - girlfriend; Governor's second call; hostages - Estelle
[90-minute cassette]
[First several minutes of Side B are blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 66 Rudy Dominguez - Sheriff Smith; women hostages ordering meals
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank; background noise on tape.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 67 Carrasco - Montemayor, setting up conference with governor
[45-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 68 Carrasco, Dominguez - Montemayor; Carrasco - reporters; reporter interview with Linda Woodman and other hostages
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 69 Inmate Quiroz - wife; Cuevas - reporter interview
[45-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 70 Interview with Martin Quiroz 239668
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 71 Carrasco - Montemayor concerning news coverage of the incident; Carrasco interview with TV reporter, San Antonio TV station
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 72 Interview with inmate Troy Halcomb 166990 and inmate William Blanton 199458
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 73 Carrasco - Montemayor negotiations, discussing inmate Escamilla's escape from the library, delivery of medicine for Davis, discussing details concerning rights of publication
[60-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 74 Carrasco - news reporter; Heard - reporter; House - reporter; Pollard - reporter; Carrasco - another reporter
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 75 Interview with Novella Pollard
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 76 Carrasco - Montemayor discussing contract of rights to publication of Carrasco's life. Carrasco asks Montemayor to draw up contract. Montemayor - Estelle; Dominguez - Montemayor; Cuevas - Montemayor
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 77 Interview with Ferguson and Robles
[90-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 78 Woodman - husband, list of supplies wanted; Heard - wife
[45-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 79 Interview with Stephan Ray Robertson 204005
[90-minute cassette]
[First several minutes of Side B are blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 80 Interview with Florencio Vera 231256
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 81 Interview with Covell, Estrada, Springer, and Gonzales
[90-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 82 Mike "Bue" conversations
[60-minute cassette]
[Side A has some background noise and is for the most part blank; Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 83 Estelle - news reporter; Carrasco - Montemayor; Carrasco - warden Husbands
[45-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 84 Carrasco - Heard's wife; Dominguez - family; Carrasco - Montemayor; Carrasco - Estelle; Pollard - Estelle
[45-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 85 Vera - family about 5 minutes, rest of tape unrelated to Carrasco incident
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 86 Beseda - family; Woodman - State representative; Standley - Mr. Etheridge; Robinson - State representative
[120-minute cassette]
[Side B is blank.]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 87 Carrasco - Gillespie (attorney); attempts to make outside calls by hostages
[60-minute cassette]
Texas-Digital-Archive
E1999/113-Audio 88 Heard - wife and family; Branch - wife; Carrasco - Montemayor; Robinson - Montemayor; Beseda, Dominguez - Estelle; Cuevas - reporter; Woodman - reporter
[90-minute cassette]

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