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Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Attorney General opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974, bulk 1963,

Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993,

Texas Youth Council correspondence and administrative files, 1958-1973,

State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955, bulk 1949-1951,

Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, 1941-1990, undated,

Juvenile court reports, 1948-1958, 1964-1975,

Ombudsman files, about 1951, about 1972-about 1977,

Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978,

Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934,

In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984,

Executive director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974,

Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators minutes, 1955-1996,

Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, about 1965, 1967,

Theses, 1958, 1978,

Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974,

State Juvenile Training School financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated, bulk 1911-1927,

State Juvenile School parole volumes, 1926-1940,

Crockett State School admittance book, 1947-1960,

Payroll records, 1930-1931, 1941-1946, 1952-1967, 1973-1974,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Youth Commission:

An Inventory of Youth Commission Historical Records at the Texas State Archives, 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated, bulk 1949-2000



Overview

Creator: Texas Youth Commission.
Title: Youth Commission historical records
Dates: 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1949-2000
Abstract: The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These TYC historical records include Attorney General opinions, policy memoranda, correspondence, administrative files, scrapbooks, photographs, field survey notebooks, financial records, livestock records, juvenile court reports, parole records, and payroll records. Dates covered are 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated, bulk 1949-2000. Most of the materials concern the activities of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) and its predecessor agencies, the Texas State Youth Development Council and Texas Youth Council. Records are also present for two associated organizations, the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. Additionally, there are a few meeting and administrative files from the executive director of the Youth Commission in his role as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth.
Quantity: 6.74 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.

Agency History

Juvenile corrections efforts by the state of Texas began in 1887 with the passage of legislation for a House of Correction and Reformatory (which later became the State Juvenile Training School) (House Bill 21, 20th Texas Legislature, Regular Session). This correctional facility for boys began operation in 1889 in Gatesville. In 1913, the 33rd Legislature authorized the creation of the Girls' Training School (House Bill 570, Regular Session), a correctional facility for girls in Gainesville. It began operation in 1916. In 1945, the legislature approved the establishment of the State Training School for Delinquent and Dependent Colored Girls (Senate Bill 46, 49th Legislature, Regular Session); located in Brady, it began operation in 1947. Between 1887 and 1920, separate boards of directors managed each of these schools and reported directly to the governor. The Texas State Board of Control, created by the 36th Legislature in 1919 (Senate Bill 147, Regular Session), took over management of the three schools from 1920 to 1949.

Additional 1887 legislation established facilities to care for dependent and neglected children. The State Orphan's Asylum (later known as the Corsicana State Home), began operation in 1889 in Corsicana (Senate Bill 261, 20th Legislature, Regular Session, 1887). Further legislation in 1887 created another home (House Bill 445, 20th Legislature, Regular Session), located in Austin, known as the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youth (later named the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). A third home was established in 1919, located in Waco (House Bill 112, 36th Legislature, Regular Session), as the State Home for Dependent and Neglected Children (later known as the Waco State Home). The state homes, as with the schools for delinquent children, were managed by the Board of Control beginning in 1920. Management of the Waco State Home passed to the Texas State Department of Public Welfare in 1939 (Senate Bill 36, 46th Legislature, Regular Session). Management of the Corsicana State Home; the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan Home; and the Waco State Home was transferred to the newly created Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools in 1949 (House Bill 1, 51st Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1947, the 50th Legislature created the State Training Code Commission (Senate Concurrent Resolution 34, Regular Session), composed of seven members appointed by the governor, to study the state schools for delinquent children and examine the problem of juvenile delinquency. It was to determine changes that would improve the administration of the schools and enable them to more nearly accomplish their broad social objectives. The commission's report to the 51st Legislature resulted in the creation of the Texas State Youth Development Council.

The Texas State Youth Development Council was created in 1949 (House Bill 705, 51st Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of six "influential" citizens appointed by the governor with the consent of the senate, and eight ex-officio members: chairman, Board of Control; executive director, Department of Public Welfare; Commissioner of Education; executive director, Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools; State Health Officer; Director, Texas Department of Public Safety; executive secretary, Texas State Parks Board; and chairman, Texas Employment Commission. The governor appointed the chair. The purpose of the council was to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls.

The State Youth Development Council became the Texas Youth Council in 1957 (Senate Bill 303, 55th Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of three members appointed by the governor with consent of the senate, to six-year overlapping terms, and the members elected the chair. The members were to be citizens recognized in their communities for their interest in youth. The size of the commission increased to six in 1975 (Senate Bill 278, 64th Legislature, Regular Session). The Youth Council had the same duties as the State Youth Development Council, with the additional mandate to provide parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). During the 1970s the Youth Council initiated a county juvenile probation subsidy program that was transferred to the newly created Texas Juvenile Probation Commission in 1981 (House Bill 1904, 67th Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1971, a class action lawsuit, Morales v. Turman, was brought against the Texas Youth Council, its officers, and staff by children confined in the juvenile corrections facilities. In response to the lawsuit, changes were initiated in the way juvenile correction facilities were operated.

The Texas Youth Council was renamed as the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) in 1983 (Senate Bill 422, 68th Texas Legislature, Regular Session). The duties of the commission included providing services to delinquent youths between 10 and 21 years of age through programs and facilities that administer constructive training for rehabilitation. The TYC operated under the Texas Human Resource Code, Title 3, Chapter 61, as the state's juvenile correction agency. Under Title 3 of the Texas Family Code, the TYC provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of those youth convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. The TYC protected the identities of youth admitted to their facilities by keeping personal information confidential (such as names and home addresses) and not allowing photographs of the children to be taken (without permission of the child) as required by the Texas Family Code, Section 58.005.

In 1995, the 74th Legislature passed an omnibus juvenile justice reform package, House Bill 327 (Regular Session), that changed the way juvenile justice was administered in Texas. The bill expanded the offenses for which a youth could receive a determinate sentence (sentence with a fixed term) to include most violent offenses, such as murder, rape, and aggravated assault. It also enabled supervision of youth to continue into the adult criminal justice system; lowered the age that a juvenile could be tried as an adult from 15 to 14; and directed that both the most violent juvenile defenders and mentally ill delinquent youth be sent to the TYC. In light of this new legislation, TYC provided greater structure, strictly enforced discipline, and increased accountability of the delinquent youth in their programs.

Youth committed for minor offenses are the responsibility of local governments. The TYC received the most serious offenders with longer sentences. These comprised two categories: committed juveniles and sentenced offenders. Committed juveniles were sent to the commission by juvenile courts after adjudication, allowing the Youth Commission to determine the length of stay and the type of services provided (e.g., Capitol Offender Program or Chemical Dependency Program). The second category, sentenced offenders, were given a specific sentence through determinate sentencing status and could not be released prior to their sentence termination.

The TYC directly operated fourteen correctional institutions and nine community-based residential programs and contracted with private sector providers for a variety of residential programs. Through these institutions and facilities the TYC provided accredited secondary education, vocational training, and several specialized programs concerning sex offenders, capital offenders who have committed murder, chemical dependency, resocialization, independent living preparation, mentally retarded youth, and seriously emotionally disturbed youth. The TYC also operated a parole system for supervision of youth released from residential programs.

The TYC also administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The ICJ provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (AJCA). The AJCA holds annual meetings and sponsors mid-winter workshops on relevant juvenile issues.

In 2011, the TYC and the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (TJPC) were abolished and their operations were transferred to the newly-created Texas Juvenile Justice Department (TJJD) (Senate Bill 653, 82nd Legislature, Regular Session). The TJJD works in partnership with local county governments, courts, and communities to promote public safety by providing support and services to any individual who is at least 10 years old but not yet 17 at the time he or she committed an act defined as "delinquent conduct" or "conduct in need of supervision," from the time of initial contact through the end of supervision.

According to an internal agency history (and repeated by the Handbook of Texas) the roots of the Youth Commission extend back to 1859 when the 8th Legislature authorized separate corrections facilities for children (the age of criminal responsibility was nine at this time; it was raised to seventeen in 1918). No funding was provided and such facilities were not established until 1887. The State Archives is unable to locate the 1859 legislation referred to in these sources.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, various editions; General and Special Laws, various years; Jasinski, Laurie E. "Texas Youth Commission," Handbook of Texas Online; Texas Juvenile Justice Department website; and the Texas Youth Commission website via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at https://web.archive.org/web/*/tyc.state.tx.us; all accessed on September 26, 2016; and the records themselves.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. These TYC historical records include Attorney General opinions, policy memoranda, correspondence, administrative files, Ombudsman files, minutes, scrapbooks, photographs, field survey notebooks, theses, financial records, livestock records, juvenile court reports, parole records, and payroll records. Dates covered are 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated, bulk 1949-2000. Most of the materials concern the activities of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) and its predecessor agencies, the Texas State Youth Development Council and Texas Youth Council. Records are also present for two associated organizations, the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. Additionally, there are a few meeting and administrative files from the executive director of the Youth Commission in his role as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth.

Topics covered in these records include the creation of the State Youth Development Council, history of TYC youth facilities, operation of and programs at youth facilities, opening and closing of facilities, construction, research studies, legislation affecting the agency, juvenile court actions, some issues involving runaway juveniles, and early livestock management. Correspondents include agency staff, officials in other state agencies, legislators, local officials, out-of-state agencies, parents of students, and others. Information is present for the following facilities: Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School; Brady State School; Brownwood State School; Crockett State School; Corsicana State Home; Evins Regional Juvenile Center; Gainsville State School; Gatesville State School; Giddings State School; Mountain View School for Boys; Parrie Haynes Ranch; Statewide Reception Center at Brownwood; Waco State Home; and the West Texas Children's Home.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into 19 series:
Attorney General opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974, bulk 1963, fractional
Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993, 0.25 cubic ft.
Texas Youth Council correspondence and administrative files, 1958-1973, 0.7 cubic ft.
State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955, bulk 1949-1951, 0.5 cubic ft.
Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, 1941-1990, undated, 1.95 cubic ft.
Juvenile court reports, 1948-1958, 1964-1975, 0.5 cubic ft.
Ombudsman files, about 1951, about 1972-about 1977, 0.3 cubic ft.
Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978, 0.1 cubic ft.
Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984, fractional
Executive Director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974, 0.3 cubic ft.
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators minutes, 1955-1996, 1 cubic ft.
Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, about 1965, 1967, fractional
Theses, 1958, 1978, 0.15 cubic ft.
Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974, fractional
State Juvenile Training School financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated, bulk 1911-1927, 0.5 cubic ft.
State Juvenile parole volumes, 1926-1940, 2 volumes
Crockett State School admittance book, 1947-1960, 1 volume
Payroll records, 1930-1931, 1941-1946, 1952-1967, 1973-1974, 0.5 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); and photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552).

The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail (Texas State Library and Archives Commission, P.O. Box 12927, Austin, TX 78711), fax (512-463-5436), email (director.librarian@tsl.texas.gov), or see our web page (https://www.tsl.texas.gov/agency/customer/pia.html). Include enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives when reviewing photographic materials.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth.
Texas. State Youth Development Council.
Texas Youth Council.
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (U. S.)
Subjects (Organizations):
Gatesville State School for Boys.
Crockett State School.
Brownwood State School.
Waco State Home (Waco, Tex.)
Corsicana State Home.
Giddings State Home and School for Boys.
West Texas Children's Home.
Subjects:
Juvenile corrections--Texas.
Juvenile justice, Administration of--Texas.
Juvenile detention homes--Texas.
Juvenile courts--Texas.
Juvenile delinquency--Texas.
Juvenile delinquents--Rehabilitation--Texas.
Document Types:
Minutes (administrative records)--Texas.
Correspondence--Texas.
Memorandums--Texas.
Publications (documents)--Texas.
Scrapbooks--Texas.
Photographs--Texas.
Financial records--Texas.
Reports--Texas.
Payroll records--Texas.
Functions:
Administration of juvenile corrections.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Some governors' records concern the juvenile corrections system, state orphan homes, and related matters. Check the folder inventories for subject terms such as juveniles, orphans, and related terms, along with the names of specific institutions and names of the state agencies involved with the management of juvenile delinquent youth and orphans.
Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated, bulk 1935-1953, 103.47 cubic ft. [Restricted]
Texas Youth Commission executive office records, 1916, 1933-1936, 1953, 1961-2009, 1.95 cubic ft. [Restricted in part]
Texas Youth Commission speeches, presentations, and newspaper clippings, 1952, 1971-1976, 1983-2009, bulk 2000-2001, 4.31 cubic ft. [Restricted in part]
Texas Youth Commission meeting files, 1932, 1953-2013, undated, 30.39 cubic ft. [Restricted]
Texas Youth Commission reports and agency policy records, 1928-1941, 1949-2012, 32.19 cubic ft. [Restricted in part]
Texas Youth Commission photographs, 1916, 1957-1962, 1970-2001, undated, bulk 1983-1991, 5.5 cubic ft. [Restricted]
Texas. Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records, 1950-1965, 2.25 cubic ft. [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. Call numbers are 1989/025, 1998/147, 2005/095, and 2006/106.]
Texas. Commission on Services to Children and Youth minutes, 1973-1974, 1978, fractional [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records.]
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission executive correspondence and meeting files, 1982-1996, 5 cubic ft.
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission minutes, 1986-1994, 0.71 cubic ft. [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. Call numbers are 1998/157-1 and 2.]
Blueprints and drawings collection, 1854-1984, undated, bulk 1936-1938, 41.21 cubic ft.
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee to Investigate Certain Training Schools [Gainesville and Gatesville] records, 1937, fractional [Restricted] [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records.]
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Juvenile Crime and Delinquency minutes and witness affirmations, 1967-1971, fractional [Restricted]
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Youth minutes and witness affirmations, 1969-1971, fractional [Restricted]
Texas Legislature, Senate, Committee on Youth Affairs records, 1969, 2 cubic ft. [Restricted]
Texas Legislature, Senate, Select Committee on the Juvenile Justice System records, 1988-1989, 2.4 cubic ft [Restricted]
Cooke County scholastic census, Girl's Training School, 1924-1927. [Reel 1477468, 1479688, 1477468, 1711937, 1711938.]
Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services
This agency holds case files of dependent and neglected youth. These files are confidential [dates and size unknown].
Newton-Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University
George Beto papers, (size and dates unknown). [A copy of the index to these papers can be found in the Archives and Information Services Division of the Library and Archives Commission.]
Publications
All publications can be found in the Texas Documents Collection of the Archives and Information Services Division.
Texas. Legislature. State Investigative Committee, 1902. [includes an investigation of the State Orphan home in Corsicana (Corsicana Children's Home)]
Texas. House of Correction and Reformatory. Biennial report of the Trustees and Superintendent of the House of Correction and Reformatory at Gatesville, Texas. Austin: State Printing Office, 1890-
Texas. State Juvenile Training School. Biennial reports, 1908-1920.
Texas. State Training School for Girls. Biennial reports. Austin: The School, 1913-1939.
Texas. State Orphan Home. Annual report of the managers and superintendent of the State Orphan Asylum at Corsicana, 1889-1916. Austin: State Printing Office, 1890-
Texas. Blind, Deaf and Orphan School. Biennial reports, 1899-1902.
Texas. State Department of Public Welfare. Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports. volumes II-VII, 1948, 1950.
Texas. State Training Code Commission. A Youth Development Program for the State of Texas, 1949. [This is a report to Governor Beauford Jester and the 51st Legislature that resulted in the creation of the State Youth Development Council.]

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1999/086, 1999/087, 1999/164, 2002/106, 2003/030, 2005/050, 2008/004, 2014/044

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11 and May 28, 1999; February 21, 2002; October 27, 2004; September 7, 2007; by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on October 17, 2002; and by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.

Processing Information

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the conversion stylesheet v1to02.xsl by Archives staff, July 2003

New accessions added by Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, February 2002, October 2004

New accessions added and older accessions moved to new finding aids by Halley Grogan, January 2017

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Detailed Description of the Records

Attorney General opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974, bulk 1963,
fractional

The Texas Youth Council coordinated state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services, along with providing parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). This series consists of correspondence of the Texas Youth Council with the Texas Attorney General (AG) and Attorney General opinions regarding requests by the Youth Council for AG opinions on a variety of issues, and opinion request procedures. Dates covered are 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, and 1974, the bulk dating 1963. There are also two requests, from 1933 and 1974, that do not concern the Youth Council but were perhaps maintained for reference purposes. Subjects of the opinion requests and opinions include whether the TYC could charge for the support and maintenance of wards of the Waco and Corsicana State Homes; whether the TYC could pay certain employees for rent in lieu of providing housing and utilities if such facilities were non-existent at the institution; whether the TYC could construct and operate another school for delinquent boys at Gatesville, separate from the existing Gatesville State School if funds were available; and whether the TYC could appoint a man as superintendent of the girls state schools at Crockett and Gainesville if no qualified woman could be found to fill the position.
There is an index to the opinion letters for 1963 in the files.
Arrangement
The opinion request procedures are filled first, followed by the opinion files in chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Attorney General opinions, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2002/106
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on February 21, 2002.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, February 2002
Box
1999/086-1 Opinion request procedures, 1963
Opinions and correspondence:
1933
1959-1963
[Includes index.]
1967, 1974

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Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993,
0.25 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. This series consists of memoranda from the executive office and other agency officials regarding new policies or changes in policies of the Texas Youth Commission. Dates covered are 1977, 1981-1993. A cover sheet is present for each year that lists the policy number, date issued, subject, and originator of the memo. The policy memoranda give the policy number, date issued, date effected, termination date (if applicable), who received it, who sent it, subject, TYC manual rules affected, and the text of the policy. Legislation causing policy changes is listed and summarized. A wide range of policy changes is reflected in these files. Subjects directly relating to youth include release of violent offenders, use of physical force, release of illegal aliens, length of stay at facilities, student reclassification, apprehension of students, death of students, authorizing use of chemical agents, personal possessions of youth, etc. Other policies concern personnel issues and various agency management changes. A few early memos concern incidents at TYC facilities, directly related to policies in place at those institutions.
An early policy memo contained names of youth in detention facilities involved in specific incidents; the names of the children were redacted at some point in the past by the Texas Youth Commission. The State Archives does not have a copy of the unredacted memo.
Correspondence of the Texas Youth Council can be found in the series Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council. For additional correspondence series, see the separate finding aid Executive Office correspondence. Policy and procedural manuals of the Youth Commission can be found in the separate finding aid Reports and agency policy records.
Correspondence and administrative policies concerning the operation of the state schools and orphanages formerly under the Texas State Board of Control can be found in the separate finding aid State Board of Control records.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Administrative policy files, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Administrative policies:
Box
1999/164-3 1977
1981
1981-1982
1982-1983
1983-1984
1984-1985
1985-1986
1986-1987
1987-1988
1988-1989
1989-1990
1990-1991
1991-1992
1992-1993

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Texas Youth Council correspondence and administrative files, 1958-1973,
0.7 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Council (TYC) coordinated state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services, along with providing parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). This series contains correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, dating 1958-1973. Topics include changes to policies and admittance standards, employment of students, conditions in the schools, staff changes, social events at facilities, deaths at the schools, volunteer programs, construction quality, education and/or research project proposals, proposals for programs at schools and homes, screening of students at the state schools, approving leaves of absence for children, and acknowledgments. Also present are results of research projects, a speech by the executive director to a group of students in 1971, lists giving statistical breakdowns of children in the facilities, goals for homes and schools including notes from planning sessions and evaluation reports on objectives; correspondence with and newsletters of the Waco Ex-Students' Association and the Corsicana Ex-Students' Association; lists of ex-students from the orphan homes; monthly hospital reports; and a special study done in 1963 on the Corsicana State Home. Correspondents include TYC staff at the administrative offices and at several of the youth facilities, state agencies, local officials, and the general public. A couple of letters concern incidents at TYC juvenile correction facilities.
For additional correspondence series, see the separate finding aid Executive Office correspondence.
Older correspondence concerning the state orphanages and juvenile schools can be found in the separate finding aid State Board of Control records.
Arrangement
The records are arranged topically, with materials within the folders in reverse chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Youth Council correspondence and administrative files, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/086
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/086-1 Agriculture, Texas Department of, 1970
Auditor, State, 1970-1973
Film documentary fact sheet, NBC, 1970
Remarks of Dr. James Turman to students at Sycamore School, September 9, 1971
Research project by Dr. David Wells: Results of State Hospital Treatment of Delinquents Transferred from State Training Schools, 1960
Brownwood State Home and School for Girls:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
November 1969 - August 1970
Corsicana State Home:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
September 1969 - July 1970
Special Study, Corsicana State Home, Texas Department of Public Welfare 1963
Crockett State School for Girls:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - July 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
September 1969 - August 1970
Goals and objectives, 1973
Health reports, 1969-1970
Giddings State Home and School for Boys:
Classification of students, about 1970
General correspondence, 1972-1973
General correspondence, 1969-1972
Long-range planning, 1973
Paintings donated to school, 1973
Request to locate TYC state school at Giddings, 1968
Waco State Home:
General correspondence:
Box
1999/086-1 November 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - June 1971
September 1969 - July 1970
West Texas Children's Home:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - June 1971
September 1969 - August 1970
Goals for 1973, short range - long term, 1973
Staff meetings, 1971
Christmas gifts, 1971; letter to Dr. Turman, 1972
Box
1999/086-2 Corsicana Ex-Students' Association, 1958-1973
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC]
Waco Ex-Students' Association, 1965-1971
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC]
West Texas Children's Home, group therapy report and evaluations, 1973
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC; psychiatric reports]

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State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955, bulk 1949-1951,
0.5 cubic ft.

The Texas State Youth Development Council was created to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls. This series consists of two scrapbooks of clippings and other materials about the formation and early years of the Texas State Youth Development Council, dating 1949-1955, bulk 1949-1951. These scrapbooks were created and maintained to document the creation of the State Youth Development Council, early activities of the agency, and issues faced by the agency. They contain primarily clippings but also include photographs of the governor and original members of the Youth Development Council, copies of dedication programs, news bulletins/newsletters issued by the council, and some other printed material. Topics covered include creation of the agency, appointment of the original council members, opening of and news from state schools and homes, news of council activities, and various issues pertaining to the problems of juvenile delinquency. Many of the clippings are no longer attached to the pages.
Arrangement
The scrapbooks are arranged as received and materials in each are in roughly chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-3 Scrapbook, State Youth Development Council, 1949-1955, bulk 1949-1950
Box
1999/087-4 Scrapbook, State Youth Development Council, 1950-1952

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Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, 1941-1990, undated,
1.95 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. This series consists of several notebooks of materials compiled to provide a narrative history of some of the schools and homes operated by the Texas Youth Commission and to highlight functions and some programs and/or activities at those facilities and in the agency. The materials in the notebooks are dated 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, 1941-1990, undated. According to data found in some of the notebooks, they were compiled by the agency in 1990. The notebooks about specific facilities usually contain a narrative history of the facilities, excerpts from annual reports or other agency publications about activities at the facilities, clippings, and copies of pertinent legislation. Other items present for some facilities include rules, policies or procedures for that facility, brochures, photographs, and programs for special events, such as a dedication ceremony. Photographs where specific children can be identified in the state schools have been removed as they are confidential. If a child in a juvenile facility operated by the Texas Youth Council/Commission can be identified from a photograph, that image is confidential unless the image was published, such as in an annual report or a brochure about the programs at a facility. If published in an agency publication, it is assumed the child would have granted permission for his image to be taken. Information is present for these facilities: Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School, Brady State School, Brownwood State School, Crockett State School, Corsicana State Home, Evins Center, Gainsville State School, Gatesville State School, Giddings State School, Mountain View School, Parrie Haynes Ranch, Statewide Reception Center at Brownwood, Waco State Home, and the West Texas Children's Home.
There are also two notebooks that focus on programs and functions of the agency as a whole. One notebook is arranged topically by the issues of parole, group homes, halfway homes, Morales-Turman litigation, and Board member orientation. The other notebook provides descriptive information about the different divisions and some programs within the agency. Within the latter notebook is a thesis on the history of the Interstate compacts, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University.
Arrangement
The materials have been removed from the notebooks, but maintained in the same order. The files of specific facilities are arranged alphabetically; the files of the programs and divisions are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/087, 2014/044
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999, and from the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
New accession added by Halley Grogan, January 2017
Compiled history and information files, facilities
Box
1999/087-5 Blind, Deaf and Orphan School:
History, 1990
Financial data; excerpts from TYC (Texas Youth Council) annual report, 1958, 1963
Laws, 1957
Clippings, 1952; 1960
Reports, Texas School for the Blind; list of officials, 1886-1892; about 1990
[List covers 1856-1987.]
Brady State School:
History, 1990
Photographs of facilities, 1990
Clippings, programs, history, 1950, 1989
Legislation, statutes, 1947
Excerpts from SYDC (State Youth Development Council) annual report, 1950
Part of a study done for Governor Jester by the Texas Training Code Commission, 1949
Various histories, reports, clippings, 1947-1950
Brownwood State School:
History, 1990
Warranty deed and resolution transferring land for the school, 1967
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1968-1983
Proposal for Adventure Trails Program, 1973
History of TYC and child care program overview, 1988
Institutional data, 1979
Clippings:
1967-1970
1970-1972
1973-1975
1975-1976
1976
1976-1981, 1988
Wilderness Challenge Program, 1985
Crockett State School:
History, 1990
Photographs, about 1990
Miscellaneous items, 1958, 1969
History of the school and the agency, corrections made, 1987, 1990
Legislation, clippings, 1951, 1960s-1970s
Excerpts from SYDC and TYC (Texas Youth Council/Texas Youth Commission) annual reports, 1951, 1959-1962, 1967, 1969-1974, 1976-1984
Newsletter, 1986
Clippings, 1949-1951, 1974, 1978-1979
Photographs, 1950s-1960s
Clippings, 1952, 1957
Wilderness Camp clipping, 1977
Corsicana State Home:
Historical marker dedication, 1977
Financial data; clippings, 1958; 1972-1978, 1982
Miscellaneous information on the TYC, 1982, 1989
Senate report, Report and Proceedings of the State Investigating Committee, 1902
Evins (Regional Juvenile) Center:
Opening ceremonies, 1990
Clippings, 1982-1986, 1990
Gainesville State School:
History, undated
Photograph of facility, 1985
Clippings, 1949-1952, 1966, 1970s
Miscellaneous items, 1932, 1950, 1958, 1982
Clippings, 1949-1952, 1966, 1970s
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1960-1962, 1976-1983
Pre-release manual, 1960s-1970s
Report, Gainesville Challenge Program, about 1990
Clippings, 1975, 1981
Gatesville State School:
Publication, Pictorial Review, State Juvenile Training School, about 1932
Excerpts from a report by the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, 1969
Paper, "Laws Relating to Children and Youth Administered by the Texas Youth Council," 1957
TYC history, done in the 1970s or 1980s
List of boys buried at the Gatesville State School for Boys cemetery, done in the 1980s
[Dates of death are 1917-1920.]
Clippings, 1949-1979
Plat of grounds, 1970s
Pictures from unknown publication, likely done in the 1950s-1960s
Photographs of buildings, 1950, undated
Box
2014/044-41 Gatesville bibliography by subject, 1974
Box
1999/087-6 Giddings State School:
History, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1968-1969, 1972, 1982
Clippings, 1968-1969, 1975, 1985, 1987
Correspondence regarding site selection, 1968
Legal material regarding local state school committee and acquisition of land for the school, 1968-1969, 1973
Clippings, 1970, 1975, 1979-1981, 1984
Mountain View School:
History, 1990
Miscellaneous items, 1963
Excerpts from Carkhuff report, 1970s
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and an unnamed study; minutes, 1962-1963, 1970, about 1975; 1973
Legal statutes, 1976
Clippings, 1962, 1972, 1975, 1978
Parrie Haynes Ranch:
History, 1990
Legal materials, 1976-1977, 1980s
Policies and procedures, about 1980
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and other agency sources, 1971-1985
Clippings, 1979-1982, 1990
Statewide Reception Center at Brownwood:
History, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and other agency sources, 1967-1986
Clippings, 1975-1980
Waco State Home:
History, 1990
Clippings, 1932, 1952, 1991
Expenditures, 1958
Laws, 1950s-1960s
Excerpts from reports, studies, and newsletters, 1963, 1975, 1977, 1982
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1967-1980
Clippings, 1976-1979
Employee manual (includes history and organization of the home), 1960s-1970s
West Texas Children's Home:
History, 1990
Dedication service program, 1966
Dedication service program, (10th anniversary), 1976
Expenditures, 1969
Portions of Senate reports, 1969
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1965-1983
Clippings, 1975-1984
History, 1976
Box
1999/087-5a Photographs removed from notebooks of facilities:
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of juveniles in the TYC facilities]
Crockett State School for Girls photographs, undated
Waco State Home photographs, 1960s
West Texas Children's Home, photographs of dedication ceremony, 1966
[Governor John Connally is in several shots interacting with children at the home.]
Compiled history and information files, programs and divisions
Box
1999/087-6 Parole:
Program description and history, 1990
Portion of report of the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, map, 1969
Program overview, 1983, about 1990
Clippings, 1955, 1964, 1977-1979
Parole Division minutes, 1968
Excerpts from annual reports (TYC and predecessor agencies) and handbooks, 1892, 1941, 1959-1986
Box
1999/087-7 Group homes:
Clippings, 1985-1986
Halfway homes:
Description of program and history, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, press releases, etc., 1967-1969, 1971, 1976-1987
Dedication programs, 1984, 1986
Brochures, 1970s-1980s
Clippings, 1975-1980
Morales-Turman litigation:
Settlement agreement, 1983
Board member orientation:
Board member orientation manual, 1989
Central Office:
Executive director Ron Jackson, about 1975
Recollections of former employee, 1990
History, 1990
Brown-Heatly Building dedication, 1989
Report, A Youth Development Program for the State of Texas, Texas Training Code Commission, 1949
Clippings, 1949, 1957
Clippings, 1955, 1964, 1974-1989
Paper, "An Overview of the Texas Youth Commission Programs," Texas Youth Commission, 1983
Partial history and description of the functions of the TYC, about 1985
Two histories of the TYC, 1970s
Minutes, January 1974
Draft of a report on the history and programs of the TYC, 1990
Other divisions/programs:
Management Information System Department, 1978-1980, 1985, 1990
Electronic Document Center, 1990
Education, 1965, 1980-1983
Legal, 1974-1982
Research and planning functions, 1971-1982
[Several name changes for this department.]
Fiscal, 1976-1977, 1983
Audit, 1980-1983
Residential Contract Program, 1977-1983
Maintenance and Construction Department, 1983
Community Assistance Program, 1976-1981
Community Services Division/Department, 1976-1982
Personnel Division, 1974-1977, 1983
Volunteer Services Department, 1976-1981
Information Services Department, 1980-1983
Interstate Compact on Juveniles:
Organization, history, goals, 1983-1984
Thesis, An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, Robert H. Voltz, 1982

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Juvenile court reports, 1948-1958, 1964-1975,
0.5 cubic ft.

The Texas State Youth Development Council, a predecessor of the TYC, was created to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls. This series consists of several sets of reports related to juvenile court activities, most created by the Texas State Youth Development Council or the Texas Youth Council, with one set created by the Texas State Department of Public Welfare. Dates covered are 1948-1958, 1964-1975. These reports discuss and/or present statistical analyses of juvenile cases, Texas statutes related to children's legal issues, related services for Texas children, and juvenile court reporting. Another series containing collections of state laws pertaining to juveniles and the courts can be found in the series Ombudsman files. The set of juvenile court reports is also available in the Texas Documents Collection of the Archives and Information Services Division, see Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports, State Department of Public Welfare, volumes II-VII, 1948, 1950.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by title.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Juvenile court reports, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-8 Reference Guide for Texas Juvenile Court Reporting, presented by the Texas State Youth Development Council, 1952
Report of Juvenile Courts, prepared by the State Youth Development Council, later the Texas Youth Council, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975
Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports, State Department of Public Welfare, volumes II-VII, 1948, 1950:
Selected Texas Statutes Regarding Court Proceedings, volume II, 1948
Juvenile Court Statistics and Related Services for Texas Children, volume III, 1948
Texas Statutes Governing Court Proceedings in Children's Cases, volume IV, 1950
Texas Statutes Creating and Regulating State and Private Agencies that Render Services to Children, volume V, 1950
Texas Statutes Creating and Regulating State and County Hospitals and Special Schools that Care for Children, volume VI, 1950
Texas Statutes Covering the Rights and Legal Status of Children, volume VII, 1950

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Ombudsman files, about 1951, about 1972-about 1977,
0.3 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Council coordinated state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services, along with providing parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). This series consists of a notebook of files from the ombudsman of the Texas Youth Council, containing Texas laws pertaining to juvenile delinquency, courts, and training schools; a publication on the duties of the ombudsman; an ombudsman and hearing procedures handbook; copies of state legislation concerning ombudsmen; and reports and publications on the duties of the ombudsman, the function of the program, and handling grievances in correctional facilities. Dates covered are about 1951, about 1972-about 1977. The notebook on laws contains annotated statutes, including the historical notes and decisions regarding laws dating about 1914 through 1951. Some early publications on juvenile courts are present in the series Juvenile court reports.
The ombudsman of the Texas Youth Council was initially appointed by the executive director on February 1, 1974. The ombudsman had the responsibility to help ensure the protection of children's legal rights and to control abuse of administrative discretion through investigation, mediation or representation in administrative hearings. The ombudsman could not institute a suit on behalf of any child against the state or against any employee, but could, after exhaustion of administrative remedies and after giving notice to the executive director, refer a child to an appropriate outside source for resolving a grievance or remedying an alleged wrong. As of 2017, the general counsel of the agency has the responsibility for youth rights.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Ombudsman files, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 Notebook, Laws pertaining to juveniles, juvenile courts, juvenile officers, training schools, etc., about 1951
[Covers laws dating about 1914-1951.]
Ombudsman information and procedures, about 1972-about 1977
[large wallet with handbook, publications, and copies of legislation]

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Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978,
0.1 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Council coordinated state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services, along with providing parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). This series contains correspondence and memoranda between staff of the Texas Youth Council, the staff at the Gatesville State School for Boys, local officials, and parents of students at Gatesville; clippings; background information about the school; and legislation, including a draft of a bill transferring the facility to the Texas Department of Corrections. These materials are dated 1978. The Gatesville State School for Boys was shut down by the Texas Youth Council in 1979 and the facilities were transferred to the Texas Department of Corrections. These materials generally concern a work plan developed by the Youth Council for phasing out operations at Gatesville and concerns over where to place the more serious juvenile offenders within the Youth Council system of juvenile correction facilities.
Discussion of the reasons behind the shut down of the facility and the planning process may also be found in the minutes of the agency; see the separate finding aid Youth Commission meeting files. See also the separate finding aid Youth Commission Morales case files, since the shutdown was in part a result of a court order resulting from this litigation. The Morales case, litigation brought against the agency by some students, eventually resulted in changes in the way juvenile correction facilities are operated. Orders from the case also resulted in shutting down the Mountain View School for Boys.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 Information on Gatesville Task Force and contingency plan, 1978
Gatesville State School, 1978

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Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934,
0.1 cubic ft.

The Texas State Youth Development Council, a predecessor of the TYC, was created to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls. This series consists of five notebooks containing field survey notes and sketches of the Gatesville facility grounds, dating 1934.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Gatesville field survey notebooks, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 Field survey notebooks, Gatesville state school, 1934
[5 notebooks]

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In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984,
fractional

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. This series contains memos between staff of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC), copies of rules sent to the staff of halfway houses operated by the TYC to review regarding compliance with the Morales agreement, copies of rules in use at these homes, and comments on the rules. These materials are dated 1983-1984. One letter concerns an incident at a TYC juvenile correction facility that led to procedural changes.One letter contained the name of a youth in a state school; it had been redacted at some point in the past by the Youth Commission. The State Archives does not have a copy of the original letter.
For more information about related changes resulting from the Morales litigation see the separate finding aid Youth Commission Morales case files. The Morales case, litigation brought against the agency by some students, eventually resulted in changes in the way juvenile correction facilities are operated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 In-house student rules and consequences, 1983-1984

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Executive director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974,
0.3 cubic ft.

The Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth's primary responsibility was to assist in the coordination of administrative responsibility and the services to state agencies and programs as they related to the well-being of children and youth. The series contains minutes, meeting materials, and other files of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, dating 1972-1974. The executive director of the Texas Youth Council served as an ex-officio member of this commission. Materials present include minutes, reports on juvenile issues presented at meetings or forums, testimony heard by the Governor's Interagency Task Force on Youth Care and Rehabilitation, drafts of legislation, legislative recommendations, rules and regulation changes, correspondence and memoranda, newsletters, new member appointments, policy resolutions, budget data, and the constitution and bylaws of the commission. Correspondence is largely composed of memoranda from staff to commissioners informing them of upcoming meetings, forums, and other issues.
Agency history
The Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth was created in 1971 by House Bill 466, 62nd Legislature, Regular Session. It was composed of eleven ex-officio members and eighteen members appointed by the governor with the concurrence of the Senate for six-year overlapping terms. The ex-officio members were the Commissioner of Health; the Commissioner of Education; the chairman of the Texas College and University System Coordinating Board; the Commissioner of Human Resources; the Commissioner of Mental Health and Mental Retardation; the director of the Texas Department of Corrections; the director of the Texas Department of Public Safety; the executive director of the State Commission for the Blind; the executive director of the Texas Youth Council; the director of the Texas Employment Commission; and the director of the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. Of the appointed members, six were to be younger than 21 years of age at the time of their appointment. The chair was elected from the appointed members. Staff support was provided by the Texas Department of Community Affairs.
The primary responsibility of the commission was to assist in the coordination of administrative responsibility and the services to state agencies and programs as they related to the well-being of children and youth. The commission was to periodically report to the Legislature its findings on studies relevant to the protection, growth, and development of children and youth. It could also recommend changes to existing programs or propose new programs it deemed essential. It also performed any duties assigned to it by the governor or the Legislature concerning the White House Conferences on Children and Youth. This commission was abolished in 1979 by House Bill 1834, 66th Legislature, Regular Session, the bill that adopted the Human Resources Code.
Arrangement
The files are arranged roughly in reverse chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Executive director's records as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/086, 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/086-1 Meeting file, August 1974
Box
1999/087-12 Correspondence and reports:
August 1974
May 1974
April 1974
April 1974
February 1974
January 1974
October 1973
August-September 1973
August-September 1973
July 1973
June-July 1973
March-May 1973
Meeting file, January-February 1973
Newsletters, November 1972-February 1974
Objectives and policies, about 1972
Legislation, about 1972

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Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators minutes, 1955-1996,
1 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators that meets yearly to discuss issues pertinent to its endeavors. This series consists of minutes from the annual meetings of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and from its annual mid-winter workshops. Dates covered are 1955-1996. The minutes and workshops cover issues concerning multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. Topics include proposed legislation, court decisions, return of juveniles to their home state, supervision of juveniles in another state, expenses involved, ages of juveniles, agreements, etc. Other materials present in the minutes include committee reports, resolutions, reports of the treasurer and secretary, and the report of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.
A related item is a thesis about the interstate compacts filed in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University. An older handbook of procedures on handling interstate compact cases can be found in the series Interstate Compact on Juveniles files.
Rules and regulations concerning the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and information about the Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found on the Texas Juvenile Justice Department website.
History of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles
The Texas Youth Commission administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The Council of State Governments drafted a compact agreement in 1955 to address the need for interstate agreements to cover multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. The need was evident for procedures to permit the return of non-delinquent juveniles who ran away from home to other states, and for a system under which juvenile offenders could be supervised in other states. The first organizational meeting of the ICJ was held in 1956. In 1965, the 59th Texas Legislature enacted House Bill 531, The Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles. By adding a new section to the Texas Youth Council Act, Texas joined the compact in 1965. The executive director of the Youth Commission is the compact administrator for Texas. The ICJ provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators that meets yearly to discuss issues pertinent to its endeavors. It also holds mid-winter workshops for members on relevant juvenile issues.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/087, 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11 and May 28, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators minutes:
Box
1999/164-5 1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
[2 folders]
1995
[2 folders]
1996

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Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, about 1965, 1967,
fractional

The Texas Youth Commission administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. This series contains a practices and procedures handbook for fulfilling the functions of the Texas Interstate Compact on Juveniles, dating about 1965, and a summary report from the 1967 National Governor's Conference on Juvenile Delinquency. The handbook also contains a copy of the Texas legislation creating the Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles for Texas.
Related materials are minutes from meetings of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, found in the series Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators. Another related item is a thesis about the interstate compacts filed in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, for Sam Houston State University.
Information about the Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found on the Texas Juvenile Justice Department website.
History of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles
The Texas Youth Commission administered the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The Council of State Governments drafted a compact agreement in 1955 to address the need for interstate agreements to cover multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. The need was evident for procedures to permit the return of non-delinquent juveniles who ran away from home to other states, and for a system under which juvenile offenders could be supervised in other states. The first organizational meeting of the ICJ was held in 1956. In 1965, the 59th Texas Legislature enacted House Bill 531, The Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles. By adding a new section to the Texas Youth Council Act, Texas joined the compact in 1965. The executive director of the Youth Commission is the compact administrator for Texas. The ICJ provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators that meets yearly to discuss issues pertinent to its endeavors. It also holds mid-winter workshops for members on relevant juvenile issues.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 Interstate Compact on Juveniles:
Policies and procedures handbook, about 1965
Summary report, National Governor's Conference on Juvenile Delinquency, 1967

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Theses, 1958, 1978,
0.15 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) provided for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of youths convicted of delinquent conduct. The TYC operated secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth and supervised the youth once they returned to the community. It also contracted with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. This series contains two theses on the broad topic of juvenile corrections, dating 1958 and 1978. The first is titled The Measurement of Employee Absenteeism and Turnover in a Wilderness Therapeutic Camping Program, by Gary Selman, 1978, Stephen F. Austin State University. The next is Interrelationships Among Developmental Characteristics of Institutionalized Delinquent Boys, by B. Bryce Davis, 1958, Texas Christian University.
Another thesis concerning Youth Commission activities relating to the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, can be found in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Theses, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 The Measurement of Employee Absenteeism and Turnover in a Wilderness Therapeutic Camping Program, by Gary Selman, 1978
Interrelationships Among Developmental Characteristics of Institutionalized Delinquent Boys, by B. Bryce Davis, 1958

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Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974,
fractional

The Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council was an advisory council of citizens and professionals. Council members were nominated by members of the Texas Youth Council and formal appointments were made by Ron Jackson, executive director of the Texas Youth Council and Robert C. Flowers, executive director of the Criminal Justice Division of the Governor's Office. These records are minutes of the Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council, dating 1974. An agenda is present for August 1974, with minutes present for December 1974. A three volume master plan and a summary report, written in 1975, are present in the series Reports and studies, see Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, A Summary Report, Texas Youth Council, 1975; and Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, Texas Youth Council, 3 volume set, 1975.
History of the Advisory Council
In October 1973 Governor Dolph Briscoe issued an executive order calling for "a comprehensive study to inventory existing facilities and services and to recommend ways and means of upgrading the services of Texas State Government to youth in the broadest and most comprehensive manner--early development, education, care and rehabilitation of troubled and disadvantaged youth." To carry out the study the Texas Youth Council and the Criminal Justice Division of the Governor's Office cosponsored a project to develop a master plan for juvenile corrections in Texas. The consulting firm of Carkhoff Association, Inc. was hired to produce a report detailing a master plan that was then reviewed by the Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council, an advisory council of citizens and professionals. Council members were nominated by members of the Texas Youth Council and formal appointments were made by Ron Jackson, executive director of the Texas Youth Council and Robert C. Flowers, executive director of the Criminal Justice Division of the Governor's Office. The project report and a summary report of the recommendations of the advisory council were published in 1975.
Arrangement
This is a bound volume.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2003/030
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on October 17, 2002.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, October 2004
Box
2003/030 Minutes, 1974

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State Juvenile Training School financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated, bulk 1911-1927,
0.5 cubic ft.

The State Juvenile Training School, also known as the State Juvenile Training Facility (formerly known as the House of Correction and Reformatory, later known as the Gatesville State School for Boys) was under management of the Board of Control until 1949 when the State Youth Development Council, a predecessor of the TYC, began administration of the institution. The residents attended academic and vocational classes and engaged in a variety of farming activities. A parole system that rewarded good behavior permitted the release of certain inmates to private sponsors. Financial records of the State Juvenile Training School include correspondence, statements of accounts, an inventory of goods on hand, annual statements of school funds, contracts, invoices of textbook purchases, architectural drawings of a proposed dormitory, list of boys buried at the Gatesville State School, list of discharge money paid to a few boys, lists of accounts, pedigree charts for livestock and dogs, and registration certificates and transfer of ownership certificates of registered cattle. Records are dated 1909-1944, 1949, undated, bulk 1911-1927. Topics include financial status of the overall facility and of the school at the facility, routine financial transactions, land leased or purchased for the facility, construction at the facility, and livestock management. Correspondents include the governor's office, the Board of Control, the Attorney General, and the Comptroller.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly by record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Juvenile Trainign School financial and assorted records, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2005/050
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on October 27, 2004.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Laura K. Saegert, October 2004
Box
2005/050 Correspondence with governor regarding land purchase, 1911
Letter from Attorney General to local attorney regarding suit for land title, 1912
Correspondence and original drawings for proposed dormitory, 1911
Correspondence with State Board of Control and Comptroller, 1920, 1928
List of boys buried in the Gatesville State School for Boys cemetery, 1967
[Contains possibly excepted information: names of boys in the juvenile system]
[List includes birth and death dates and causes of death. Boys died between 1908 and 1920.]
Statement of accounts, 1927-1928
Statement of accounts, 1931-1932
Annual statements of school funds:
1922
1923
1924
1926
1927
Discharge money, 1942
[Contains possibly excepted information: names of boys in the juvenile system.]
[Discharge money was given to boys leaving the facility to enable them to return home.]
Inventory, 1928
Lists of labor accounts, about 1925, 1926, 1929
Receipts for money in possession of juvenile from El Paso, 1944
[Contains possibly excepted information: name of boy in juvenile system]
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1911, 1924, 1939
Invoices for textbooks, 1921
Agreement for construction of buildings, 1915
Contract for steam heating, 1926
Contract for gas purchases, 1929
Contract for phone service, 1929
Fragments re: safe at facility, 1949, undated
Pedigrees:
Cattle, 1909-1915, undated
Pigs, 1916, 1923
Dogs, 1911
Cattle - registration certificates, transfers of ownership, correspondence, 1911, 1918-1921

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State Juvenile School parole volumes, 1926-1940,
2 volumes

The State Juvenile Training School, also known as the State Juvenile Training Facility (formerly known as the House of Correction and Reformatory, later known as the Gatesville State School for Boys) was under management of the Board of Control until 1949 when the State Youth Development Council, a predecessor of the TYC, began administration of the institution. The residents attended academic and vocational classes and engaged in a variety of farming activities. A parole system that rewarded good behavior permitted the release of certain inmates to private sponsors. The two volumes record the youth's name and individual identification number, ethnicity, reason they were sent to the school (burglary, being incorrigible, murder, etc.), their employer (if they worked after they were paroled), and the city they were from. Volumes date 1926-1940.
Arrangement
These volumes are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Juvenile School Parole volumes, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2008/004
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on September 7, 2007.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Halley Grogan, January 2017
Volume
2008/004-1 Juvenile Parole records, 1926-1933
[one volume]
Volume
2008/004-2 Juvenile Parole records, 1931-1940
[one volume]

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Crockett State School admittance book, 1947-1960,
1 volume

The Texas State Youth Development Council, a predecessor of the TYC, was created to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control: the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls (later known as the Colored Girls Training School at Crockett and the Crockett State School for Girls). The admittance book records case number, youth's name, date admitted, and in some cases, birth date, county, release date, and readmission date. Entries date from 1947-1960.
Arrangement
This is a bound volume.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Crockett admittance book, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2014/044
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Processing Information
Halley Grogan, January 2017
Box
2014/044-69 Crockett admittance book, 1947-1960

[one volume]

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Payroll records, 1930-1931, 1941-1946, 1952-1967, 1973-1974,
0.5 cubic ft.

The Texas Youth Council (later Commission) was assigned the responsibility for providing services to delinquent youths between 10 and 21 years of age through programs and facilities that administered constructive training for rehabilitation in 1949. The agency had the responsibility for state-run institutions for dependent and neglected children and management of delinquent youth and children in the county juvenile probation subsidy program. Waco State Home was one of three facilities created by the Texas legislature to support, educate, and care for orphan, dependent or neglected children. Payroll records include the employee name, position, employee number, and notes regarding attendance, earnings, and deductions for Waco State Home and other unidentified TYC facilities. Records date 1930-1931, 1941-1946, 1952-1967, and 1973-1974.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Payroll records, Texas Youth Commission historical records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2014/044
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department on November 8, 2013.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Halley Grogan, January 2017
Box
2014/044-21 Payroll records, Waco, 1930, 1960, undated
Payroll, Home for Dependent and Neglected Children, Waco, 1930-1931
Payroll time book, Waco, September 1941 - August 1943
Payroll time book, Waco, September 1943 - April 1946
Payroll time book, January 1952 - December 1953
Payroll time book, Waco, February 1956 - April 1957
Payroll time book, May 1957 - August 1958
Payroll time book, September 1958 - July 1960
Individual payroll records, Waco, 1961
Individual payroll records, Waco, 1962
Payroll time book, July 1964 - March 1967
Payroll time book, 1973 - 1974

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