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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Meeting minutes and agenda, 1949-1957, 1961-2003,

Meeting supporting documentation, 1994-1996,

Organization charts, 1998-1999,

Administrative correspondence, executive director, 1995-2000,

Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director, 1992-1996,

Attorney General opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974 (bulk 1963),

Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993,

Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, 1958-1973,

Speeches, 1994, 1996-2000,

Press releases, 1961-1962, 1966, 1972-1991, 1997-2001,

Policy and procedure handbooks and manuals, 1953-1985,

Reports and studies, 1963-1989,

Youth Commission outreach and informational publications, 1953, [ca. 1966]-1985,

State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955 (bulk 1949-1951),

Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, [ca. 1932], 1941-1990, undated,

Juvenile court reports, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975,

Ombudsman files, [ca. 1951], [ca. 1972-ca. 1977],

Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978,

Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934,

In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984,

Photographs, [ca. 1960-ca. 1978],

Executive Director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974,

Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, 1955-1996,

Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, [ca. 1965], 1967,

Theses, 1958, 1978,

Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974,

Financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated (bulk 1911-1927),

Morales case files, 1949-1990, undated(bulk 1969-1999),

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Youth Commission:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated (bulk 1949-2000)



Overview

Creator: Texas Youth Commission.
Title: Records
Dates: 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated
Dates: (bulk 1949-2000)
Abstract: These records include minutes and meeting files, correspondence, memoranda, Attorney General opinions, policy and procedure manuals, press releases, speeches, reports and studies, litigation case files, outreach and informational publications, planning records, scrapbooks, field survey notebooks, financial records, livestock records, juvenile court reports, and photographs. Dates covered are 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated (bulk 1949-2000). Most of the materials concern the activities of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) and its predecessor agencies, the Texas State Youth Development Council and Texas Youth Council. Records are also present for two associated organizations, the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. Additionally, there are a few meeting and administrative files from the Executive Director of the Youth Commission in his role as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth.
Quantity: 19.72 cubic ft.
Language English.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

Juvenile corrections efforts by the state began in 1887 with the passage of legislation for a House of Correction and Reformatory (later became the State Juvenile Training School) (House Bill 21, 20th Legislature, Regular Session). This correctional facility for boys began operation in 1889 in Gatesville. In 1913, the 33rd Legislature authorized the creation of the Girl's Training School (House Bill 570, Regular Session), a correctional facility for girls in Gainesville. It began operation in 1916. In 1945, the legislature approved the establishment of the State Training School for Delinquent and Dependent Colored Girls (Senate Bill 46, 49th Legislature, Regular Session). Located in Brady, it began operation in 1947. Between 1887 and 1920, separate boards of directors managed each of these schools and reported directly to the Governor. The Texas State Board of Control, created by the 36th Legislature in 1919 (Senate Bill 147, Regular Session) took over management of the three schools from 1920 to 1949.

Additional 1887 legislation established facilities to care for dependent and neglected children. The State Orphan's Asylum (later known as the Corsicana State Home), began operation in 1889 in Corsicana (Senate Bill 261, 20th Legislature, Regular Session, 1887). Further legislation in 1887 created another home (House Bill 445, 20th Legislature, Regular Session), located in Austin, known as the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youth (later named the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). A third home was established in 1919 and located in Waco (House Bill 112, 36th Legislature, Regular Session), the State Home for Dependent and Neglected Children (later known as the Waco State Home). The state homes, as with the schools for delinquent children, were managed by the Board of Control beginning in 1920. Management of the Waco State Home passed to the Department of Public Welfare in 1939 (Senate Bill 36, 46th Legislature, Regular Session). Management of the Corsicana State Home, the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan Home, and the Waco State Home was transferred to the newly created Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools in 1949 (House Bill 1, 51st Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1947, the 50th Legislature created the State Training Code Commission (Senate Concurrent Resolution 34, Regular Session), composed of seven members appointed by the Governor, to study the state schools for delinquent children and examine the problem of juvenile delinquency. It was to determine changes that would improve the administration of the schools and enable them to more nearly accomplish their broad social objectives. The Commission's report to the 51st Legislature resulted in the creation of the Texas State Youth Development Council.

The State Youth Development Council was created in 1949 (House Bill 705, 51st Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of six "influential" citizens appointed by the Governor with the consent of the Senate, and eight ex-officio members - Chairman, Board of Control; Executive Director, Department of Public Welfare; Commissioner of Education; Executive Director, Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools; State Health Officer; Director, Department of Public Safety; Executive Secretary, State Parks Board; and Chairman, Texas Employment Commission. The Governor appointed the chair. The purpose of the Council was to coordinate state efforts to help communities develop and strengthen all child services. It was also directed to administer the state's correctional facilities for delinquent children by providing a program of constructive training aimed at the rehabilitation and successful reestablishment of these children into society. The Council took over control of the correctional schools then managed by the State Board of Control - the Gatesville State School for Boys, Gainesville State School for Girls, and the Brady State School for Delinquent Colored Girls.

The State Youth Development Council became the Texas Youth Council in 1957 (Senate Bill 303, 55th Legislature, Regular Session). It was composed of three members appointed by the governor with consent of the Senate, to six year overlapping terms, and the members elected the chair. The members were to be citizens recognized in their communities for their interest in youth. The size of the commission increased to six in 1975 (Senate Bill 278, 64th Legislature, Regular Session), with the same qualifications applying to the new members. The Youth Council had the same duties as the State Youth Development Council with the additional mandate to provide parole supervision for certain delinquent children until their discharge. The Legislature also directed the Youth Council to operate institutions for dependent and neglected children (Corsicana State Home, Waco State Home, and the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School). During the 1970s the Youth Council initiated a county juvenile probation subsidy program that was transferred to the newly created Texas Juvenile Probation Commission in 1981 (House Bill 1904, 67th Legislature, Regular Session).

In 1971, a class action lawsuit, Morales v. Turman, was brought against the agency, its officers, and staff by children confined in the juvenile corrections facilities. In response to the lawsuit, changes were initiated in the way juvenile correction facilities were operated.

The name of the agency was changed to the Texas Youth Commission in 1983 (Senate Bill 422, 68th Legislature, Regular Session). The Youth Commission operates under the Texas Human Resource Code, Title 3, Chapter 61, as the state's juvenile correction agency. Under Title 3 of the Texas Family Code, the Commission provides for the care, custody, rehabilitation, and reestablishment into society of those youth convicted of delinquent conduct. The Commission operates secure residential, institutional, and community-based programs for delinquent youth, and supervises the youth once they return to the community. It also contracts with private sector providers to operate residential and non-residential services. The agency protects the identities of youth admitted to their facilities by keeping personal information confidential (such as names and home addresses) and not allowing photographs of the children to be taken (without permission of the child) as required by the Texas Family Code, Section 58.005. Care for dependent and neglected children is no longer a function of the Youth Commission. Effective 1992, responsibility for these children is handled by the Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (DPRS). The department was created in 1991 (House Bill 7, 72nd Legislature, First Called Session) and began operation in 1992.

In 1995, the 74th Legislature passed an omnibus juvenile justice reform package, House Bill 327, that changed the way juvenile justice was administered in Texas. The bill expanded the offenses for which a youth could receive a determinate sentence (sentence with a fixed term) to include most violent offenses, such as murder, rape, and aggravated assault. It also enabled supervision of youth to continue into the adult criminal justice system; lowered the age that a juvenile could be tried as an adult from 15 to 14; and directed that both the most violent juvenile defenders, and mentally retarded delinquent youth be sent to the Youth Commission. In light of this new legislation, the Youth Commission provides greater structure, strictly enforced discipline, and increased accountability of the delinquent youth in their programs.

Youth committed for minor offenses are the responsibility of local governments. The Youth Commission receives the most serious offenders with longer sentences. These comprise two categories: committed juveniles and sentenced offenders. Committed juveniles are sent to the Commission by juvenile courts after adjudication, allowing the Youth Commission to determine the length of stay and the type of services provided (e.g., Capitol Offender Program or Chemical Dependency Program). The second category, sentenced offenders, are given a specific sentence through determinate sentencing status and cannot be released prior to their sentence termination.

The agency directly operates fourteen correctional institutions (one more was scheduled to open in 1999) and nine community-based residential programs; and contracts with private sector providers for a variety of residential programs. Through these institutions and facilities the agency provides accredited secondary education, vocational training, and several specialized programs, concerning sex offenders, capital offenders who have committed murder, chemical dependency, resocialization, independent living preparation, mentally retarded youth, and seriously emotionally disturbed youth. The commission also operates a parole system for supervision of youth released from residential programs.

The Texas Youth Commission also administers the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) for the state of Texas. The Compact provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (AJCA). The AJCA holds annual meetings and sponsors mid-winter workshops on relevant juvenile issues.

According to an internal agency history (and repeated by the Handbook of Texas) the roots of the Youth Commission extend back to 1859 when the Eighth Legislature authorized separate corrections facilities for children (the age of criminal responsibility was nine at this time, it was raised to seventeen in 1918). No funding was provided and such facilities were not established until 1887. We were unable to locate the 1859 legislation referred to in these sources.

The commission is headed by an executive director, has about 4900 FTE staff (as of 2001), and manages about 7000 juvenile offenders. It operates under V.T.C.A , Human Resources Code, Title 3, Chapter 61; and the Texas Family Code, Title 3.

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Scope and Contents of the Records

These records include minutes and meeting files, correspondence, memoranda, Attorney General opinions, policy and procedure manuals, press releases, speeches, reports and studies, litigation case files, outreach and informational publications, planning records, scrapbooks, field survey notebooks, financial records, livestock records, juvenile court reports, and photographs. Dates covered are 1886-1892, 1902, 1909-2003, undated (bulk 1949-2000). Most of the materials concern the activities of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC) and its predecessor agencies, the Texas State Youth Development Council and Texas Youth Council. Records are also present for two associated organizations, the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. Additionally, there are a few meeting and administrative files from the Executive Director of the Youth Commission in his role as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth. Topics covered in these records include the creation of the State Youth Development Council, history of TYC youth facilities, operation of and programs at youth facilities, opening and closing of facilities, construction, research studies, legislation affecting the agency, juvenile court actions, some issues involving runaway juveniles, early livestock management, and the Morales litigation case that changed the way juvenile facilities were operated in Texas. Correspondents include agency staff, officials in other state agencies, legislators, local officials, out-of-state agencies, parents of students, and others.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into 28 series:
Meeting minutes and agenda, 1949-1957, 1961-2003, 4.5 cubic ft.
Meeting supporting documentation, 1994-1996, 1.24 cubic ft.
Organization charts, 1998-1999, fractional cubic ft.
Administrative correspondence, executive director, 1995-2000, 1.66 cubic ft.
Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director, 1992-1996, 1.94 cubic ft.
Attorney general opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974 (bulk 1963), fractional
Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993, 0.24 cubic ft.
Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, 1958-1973, 0.7 cubic ft.
Speeches, 1994, 1996-2000, fractional
Press releases, 1961-1962, 1966, 1972-1991, 1997-2001, 0.2 cubic ft.
Policy and procedure handbooks and manuals, 1953-1985, 1.24 cubic ft.
Reports and studies, 1963-1989, 0.8 cubic ft.
Youth Commission outreach and informational publications, 1953, [ca.] 1966-1985, 0.2 cubic ft.
State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955 (bulk 1949-1951), 0.48 cubic ft.
Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, [ca.] 1932, 1941-1990, undated, 1.94 cubic ft.
Juvenile court reports, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975, 0.47 cubic ft.
Ombudsman files, [ca. 1951], [ca. 1972-ca. 1977], 0.3 cubic ft.
Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978, 0.1 cubic ft.
In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984, fractional
Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934, 0.1 cubic ft.
Photographs, [ca. 1960-ca. 1978], 2 cubic ft.
Executive Director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974, 0.3 cubic ft.
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, 1955-1996, 1 cubic ft.
Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, [ca. 1965], 1967, fractional
Theses, 1958, 1978, 0.14 cubic ft.
Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974, fractional
Financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated (bulk 1911-1927), 0.47 cubic ft.
Morales case files, 1949-1990, undated (bulk 1969-1999), 37.6 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); psychological or psychiatric reports and evaluations (V.T.C.A., Health and Safety Code, Mental Health records, 611.002); and medical records (V.T.C.A., Occupations Code, 159.002 (Medical Practice Act)); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas. Commission on Services to Children and Youth.
Texas. State Youth Development Council.
Texas Youth Council.
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators (U. S.)
Subjects:
Juvenile corrections-Texas.
Juvenile justice, Administration of-Texas.
Juvenile detention homes-Texas.
Juvenile courts-Texas.
Juvenile delinquency-Texas.
Juvenile delinquents-Rehabilitation-Texas.
Document Types:
Minutes--Texas--Juvenile corrections--1949-1957, 1961-2003.
Agendas --Texas--Juvenile corrections--1961-2003.
Correspondence--Texas--Juvenile corrections--1958-2003.
Memorandums--Texas--Juvenile corrections--ca. 1970-2003.
Manuals--Texas--Juvenile corrections--1953-1985.
Press releases--Texas-Juvenile corrections--1961-1962, 1966, 1972-1991, 1997-2001.
Speeches--Texas-Juvenile corrections--1994, 1996-2000.
Reports--Texas-Juvenile corrections--1963-1989.
Publications--Texas-Juvenile corrections-1886-1892, 1902, 1932, [ca. 1932], 1934, 1941-1989, undated.
Plans (reports)--Texas-Juvenile corrections--1978.
Scrapbooks--Texas-Juvenile corrections--1886-1892, 1902, 1932, [ca. 1932], 1934, 1941-1990, undated.
Photographs-Texas-Juvenile corrections--[ca. 1960]-1978.
Functions:
Administration of juvenile corrections.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Some governors' records concern the juvenile corrections system, state orphan homes, and related matters. Check the folder inventories for subject terms such as juveniles, orphans, and related terms, along with the names of specific institutions and names of the state agencies involved with the management of juvenile delinquent youth and orphans.
Texas Youth Commission, Morales case files, 1949-1990, undated (bulk 1969-1989), 37.6 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools, Minutes, 1951-1955, 1 cubic ft.
Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, Minutes, 1973-1974, 1978, fractional
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission, Executive correspondence and meeting files, 1986-1996, 5 cubic ft.
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission, Minutes, 1986-1994, 0.71 cubic ft.
Blueprints and drawings, [ca. 1902]-1967, several cubic ft.
Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee to Investigate Certain Training Schools [Gainesville and Gatesville], Records, 1937, fractional [RESTRICTED]
Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Juvenile Crime and Delinquency, Minutes and witness affirmations, 1967-1971, fractional [RESTRICTED]
Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Youth, Minutes and witness affirmations, 1969-1971, fractional [RESTRICTED]
Legislature, Senate, Committee on Youth Affairs, Records, 1969, 2 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Legislature, Senate, Select Committee on the Juvenile Justice System, Records, 1988-1989, 2.4 cubic ft [RESTRICTED]
Legislature, Senate, Youth Affairs Committee, Records, 1969, about 2 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED] (Investigation of alleged brutality.)
Texas Youth Commission
There are numerous related series at the Youth Commission including student records, appeals, hearings, probation and parole cases, etc. Any of the records involving juvenile delinquents are confidential [dates and size unknown].
Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services
This agency holds case files of dependent and neglected youth. These files are confidential [dates and size unknown].
Newton-Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University
George Beto papers, [size and dates unknown]. (A copy of the index to these papers can be found in the Archives and Information Services Division of the Library and Archives Commission.)
Publications
All publications can be found in the Texana Collection of the Archives and Information Services Division.
Legislature, State Investigative Committee, 1902 [catalog number - 351.98/T31] [includes an investigation of the State Orphan home in Corsicana (Corsicana Children's Home)] (The Texas State Library and Archives Commission does not hold records of the committee, just the publication.)
House of Correction and Reformatory; Biennial/annual reports, 1887-1889 [catalog number - 353.8/T]
Texas State Juvenile Training School, Biennial reports, 1908-1920 [catalog number - 364/T31j]
Texas State Training School, Biennial reports, 1935-1937 [catalog number - 364/T31j]
Texas Girls Training School, Biennial report, 1917-1918, [catalog number - 364/T31G]
State Orphan Home, Corsicana, Biennial/annual reports, 1889-1916 [catalog number - 362.44/T]
Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School, Biennial reports, 1899-1902 [catalog number - 362.7/T]
Texas State Department of Public Welfare: Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports, volumes II-VII, 1948,1950 [catalog number - 362.7/T3te]
Texas State Training Code Commission. A Youth Development Program for the State of Texas, 1949 [catalog number - 362.7/T3y] (This is a report to Governor Beauford Jester and the 51st Legislature that resulted in the creation of the State Youth Development Council.)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1979/192, 1998/213, 1999/018, 1999/086, 1999/087, 1999/114, 1999/115, 1999/164, 1999/171, 2000/047, 2000/104, 2001/055, 2001/101, 2001/104, 2002/059, 2002/100, 2002/106, 2003/030, 2003/042, 2003/132, 2003/143, 2005/050.

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Council on May 24, 1979; and by the Texas Youth Commission on July 8, and September 29, 1998; January 11, March 5, May 28, June 21, and October 11, 1999; February 7 and November 3, 2000; February 13 and November 1, 2001; February 1 and 21, and October 17, 2002; March 14 and April 10, 2003; and October 27, 2004; and by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on October 17, 2002.

Processing Information

Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, February 2002, October 2004

Accruals

Minutes, agenda, press releases, and administrative correspondence are transferred to the Archives yearly.

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Meeting minutes and agenda, 1949-1957, 1961-2003,
4.5 cubic ft.

These are the minutes, agenda and attachments to the minutes from meetings of the Texas State Youth Development Council (TSYDC), the Texas Youth Council (TYC), and the Texas Youth Commission (TYC). Dates covered are 1949-1957, 1961-2003. Minutes from May 1957 to October 1961 are not present either here or at the Youth Commission. Beginning in the mid 1970s, the minutes also contain a number of attachments, including transcripts, correspondence, memos, reports, charts, sub-committee meeting agenda, resolutions, contracts, internal audit reports, legislative reports, Morales court settlement agreements, TYC responses to Morales Consultant Committee reports, summaries of investigation reports, research proposals, deeds, plats of land, budget materials, planning documents, etc. Meeting agenda are filed with the minutes beginning in 1974. Minutes from TYC committee meetings are present beginning in mid-1996.
Some early issues covered in the meetings were the creation of the State Youth Development Council (1949); the move of the Brady State School for Colored Girls (1949-1950); how to handle feeble-minded children at the youth facilities, especially black youth (1949-1950); and surveying youth detention facilities in counties (1950). Other topics discussed include the establishment and maintenance of youth facilities, improvements at and construction of facilities, inspections of facilities, the budget, new programs or program changes, classification of juvenile delinquents, establishment of community services programs, parole supervision of juveniles, legislation, rules and regulations, policy and procedural changes, research proposals, approval of contracts, internships, master plans and long-range planning goals, closing of facilities, investigation results, and lawsuits against the agency or facilities, such Morales v. Turman. The Morales case was a class action lawsuit filed in 1971 against the agency, its officers, and staff by children confined in the juvenile corrections facilities. Changes initiated in response to the lawsuit led to significant improvements in the way juvenile correction facilities were operated.
Supporting documents sent to commission members for review prior to the meetings can be found in the series Meeting supporting documentation.
For meeting files and board actions of the agency that administered youth facilities during the period 1920-1949, see the records of the State Board of Control, housed at the Archives and Information Services Division. For the minutes of the agency that managed the state homes between 1949 and 1957, see the records of the Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools.
Meeting agenda for the most recent Youth Commission board and committee meetings is regularly posted on the agency's web site, at http://www.tyc.state.tx.us/index.html. Minutes are posted back to 1999.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in chronological order.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED] (see the series Minutes and meeting files and the series Actions of the Board)
Texas Board for State Hospitals and Special Schools, Minutes, 1951-1955, 1 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Meeting minutes and agenda, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1979/192, 1998/213, 1999/115, 2000/047, 2001/055, 2002/059, 2003/042
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Council on May 24, 1979; and by the Texas Youth Commission on September 29, 1998; March 5 and October 11, 1999; November 3, 2000; November 1, 2001; and October 21, 2002.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, February 2002, October 2004
Box
1999/115-1 State Youth Development Council, minutes:
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
Texas Youth Council, minutes:
1957
1961
1962
1963
January-May 1964
June-November 1964
January-June 1965
August-November 1965
Box
1998/213-1 Texas Youth Council, minutes
[bound volumes]:
1966-1967
1968-1972
1973-1974
Box
1998/213-2 1975-1977
1978-1979
Texas Youth Council, minutes, August 1979
[missing from bound volume]
Box
1998/213-3 Texas Youth Council , minutes, 1980-1982
[bound volume]
Texas Youth Council/Commission, minutes, January-November, 1983
[bound volume]
Box
1998/213-4 Texas Youth Commission, minutes:
May 1983
June-July 1983
September 1983
November 1983
January 1984
[2 folders]
March-April 1984
May 1984
[2 folders]
June 1984
July 1984
[2 folders]
August-September 1984
November 1984
Box
1998/213-5 January 1985
[2 folders]
February 1985
May 1985
July 1985
[2 folders]
September 1985
November 1985
February-March 1986
[2 folders]
May 1986
[2 folders]
July 1986
September 1986
Box
1998/213-6 November 1986
January 1987
March 1987
May 1987
July 1987
September 1987
November 1987
January 1988
April 1988
May 1988
July 1988
September 1988
November 1988
March 1989
May 1989
July 1989
September 1989
November 1989
January 1990
March 1990
May 1990
July 1990
September 1990
November 1990
March 1991
July 1991
September 1991
November 1991
January 1992
March 1992
May 1992
July 1992
Box
1998/213-7 September 1992
November 1992
January 1993
March 1993
June 1993
July 1993
September-October 1993
November 1993
January 1994
February 1994
May 1994
July 1994
August-September 1994
October 1994
December 1994
February 1995
March 1995
May 1995
July 1995
August 1995
October 1995
November 1995
January 1996
March 1996
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, April 1996
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, May 1996
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, July 1996
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, August 1996
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, September 1996
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, November 1996
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, January 1997
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, March 1997
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, March 1997
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, April 1997
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, May 1997
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, May 1997
Box
1998/213-8 Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, July-August 1997
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, July-August 1997
Texas Youth Commission committees, minutes, September 1997
Texas Youth Commission, minutes, September 1997
Texas Youth Commission, board and committee minutes:
November 1997
January 1998
May 1998
July 1998
August-September 1998
November 1998
March 1999
May 1999
July 1999
Box
2000/047-1 September 1999
November 1999
January 2000
March 2000
May 2000
July 2000
Box
2001/055-1 September 2000
December 2000
March 2001
May 2001
Box
2002/059-1 July 2001
[2 folders]
August 2001
September 2001
November 2001
January 2002
Box
2002/059-2 March 2002
May 2002
July 2002
Box
2003/042 September 2002
December 2002
March 2003

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Meeting supporting documentation, 1994-1996,
1.24 cubic ft.

Meeting supporting documentation consists of minutes and agenda of the Texas Youth Commission and some of its committees, guest registration cards, memoranda, correspondence, remarks of the executive director, drafts of policy and procedural changes, summaries and highlights of legislation, construction estimates, floor plans, contracts, status reports from facilities, budget data, statistics, reports on employee grievances, alleged mistreatment reports, and other reports and materials presented to commission members prior to meetings for their review. Dates covered are 1994-1996. Meetings covered are those held in 1995-1996, some materials present date back to 1994.
Topics discussed at meetings include the establishment and maintenance of youth facilities, improvements at and construction of facilities, inspections, the budget, changes in policies or procedures, new programs or program changes, development of the agency's strategic plan, legislation, rules and regulations, research proposals, approval of contracts, internships, alleged mistreatment reports, self-evaluation of the alternative education system used by the agency, and work of the joint Texas Youth Commission/Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (TYC/TJPC) subcommittee. This subcommittee was investigating the feasibility of these two agencies sharing some administrative duties, such as training, research, and management information services.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item) Meeting supporting documentation, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/171
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on June 21, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
The alleged mistreatment reports contain information pertaining to specific youth and are confidential under V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005. These reports have been removed from the files.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/171-1 Meeting supporting documentation:
February 9, 1995
March 16, 1995
May 18, 1995
July 20, 1995
August 31, 1995
October 5, 1995
November 16, 1995
January 18, 1996
March 7, 1996
April 11, 1996
May 16, 1996
August 1, 1996
September 19, 1996
November 21, 1996
Box
1999/171-2 Alleged mistreatment reports (confidential):
September-December 1994
January-February 1995
January-April 1995
May-August 1995
September-October 1995
November-December 1995
March-April 1996
May-June 1996

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Organization charts, 1998-1999,
fractional cubic ft.

This series consists of organization charts of the Texas Youth Commission, dating 1998-1999. The charts were formerly published in the agency's biennial budget requests, from 1969/70 - 1992/93. Copies of the organization charts have been published in the agency's strategic plans, dating 1992, 1994, 1996, and 1998. The latest chart is also mounted on the agency's intranet web server, and will likely be added to their internet web page in the future: We hold loose copies of the organization charts for 1998-1999. Copies of the biennial reports and the strategic plans of the agency are located in the Texas Documents Collection of the Library and Archives Commission.
Organization charts graphically illustrate the administrative structure of the different functional units within an agency.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Organization charts, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/114 and 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by by the Texas Youth Commission on March 5 and May 28, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/171-1 Organization charts, 1998-1999

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Administrative correspondence, executive director, 1995-2000,
1.66 cubic ft.

This series contains outgoing correspondence and memoranda of the executive director of the Texas Youth Commission, Steve Robinson, dating 1995-2000. Topics covered include policy changes, proposed rules, legislation, agency programs, budget, and problems at facilities. Also present are responses to inquiries about programs, funding, specific situations at schools, etc., from legislators, governor's staff, other officials, and parents of youth at the schools. Correspondents include agency staff, officials in other state agencies, legislators, local officials, out-of-state agencies, parents of students, and others.
There are three other correspondence series described in this finding aid. Correspondence of two deputy executive directors can be found in the series Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director. Memoranda concerning administrative policy issues are in the series Administrative policy files. Some correspondence of the Texas Youth Council can be found in the series Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council.
Correspondence concerning the operation of the state schools and orphanages formerly under the State Board of Control can be found the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
For fiscal years (FY) 1996-1999 the correspondence is foldered chronologically by quarter of the fiscal year, then arranged in reverse chronological order within the folders. Beginning with FY 2000, the files are arranged in reverse chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Administrative correspondence, executive director, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 2000/104, 2001/101, 2002/100, 2003/132
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on February 7, 2000; February 13, 2001; February 1, 2002; and March 14, 2003.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, February 2002, October 2004
Fiscal Year 1996 (1995-1996)
Box
2000/104-1 First quarter, FY 96
Second quarter, FY 96
Third quarter, FY 96
Fourth quarter, FY 96
Fiscal Year 1997 (1996-1997)
Box
2000/104-1 First quarter, FY 97
Box
2001/101-1 Second quarter, FY 97
[3 folders]
Third quarter, FY 97
[3 folders]
Fourth quarter, FY 97
[2 folders]
Fiscal Year 1998 (1997-1998)
Box
2001/101-1 First quarter, FY 98
[3 folders]
Second quarter, FY 98
[3 folders]
Box
2001/101-2 Third quarter, FY 98
[3 folders]
Fourth quarter, FY 98
[3 folders]
Fiscal Year 1999 (1998-1999)
Box
2002/100-1 First quarter, FY 99
[2 folders]
Second quarter, FY 99
[2 folders]
Third quarter, FY 99
[3 folders]
Fourth quarter, FY 99
[3 folders]
Fiscal Year 2000 (1999-2000)
Box
2003/132 July-August 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April-May 2000
March-April 2000
March 2000
[3 folders]
February 2000
January-February 2000
November-December 1999
October-November 1999
October 1999
September-October 1999
September 1999

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Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director, 1992-1996,
1.94 cubic ft.

This series contains outgoing correspondence and memoranda of the deputy executive director of the Texas Youth Commission, Jay Lindgren, including minutes of several internal agency groups and interagency committees, dating 1992-1995; and outgoing correspondence and memoranda of deputy executive director Sandra Burnam, 1995-1996. Dates of the series are 1992-1996. Topics covered include youth programs and issues, such as allowing some youth to go hunting while excluding others, substance abuse, sex offender registration, direct care issues, and juvenile probation; policy changes; proposed rules; legislation; alleged mistreatment of youth; status of release hearings; approval of extensions of stay for specific youth; escapes; technical assistance proposals; employee grievances; conferences and meetings attended by staff; and other issues concerning the management of the agency. Also present are letters of appreciation, condolence letters, and letters of recommendation for applicants. Correspondents include agency staff, officials in other state agencies, legislators, local officials, out-of-state agencies, parents of students, and others.
Internal groups whose actions are noted in these files include the TYC Direct Care Team and the TYC Juvenile Justice Group. Interagency committees discussed in these files are the TYC/Travis County Design Team, a group formed to pursue new and better processes for dealing with delinquent youth in the Travis County area; and the Texas Youth Commission/Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (TYC/TJPC) subcommittee, a group formed to investigate the feasibility of these two agencies sharing some administrative duties, such as training, research, and management information services. The materials concerning the internal groups and interagency committees are only present in Jay Lindgren's correspondence.
There are three other correspondence series described in this finding aid. Correspondence of the executive director can be found in the series Administrative correspondence, executive director. Memoranda concerning administrative policy issues are in the series Administrative policy files. Some correspondence of the Texas Youth Council can be found in the series Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council.
Correspondence concerning the operation of the state schools and orphanages formerly under the State Board of Control can be found the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
The correspondence is arranged in two groups: Jay Lindgren correspondence, 1992-1995; Sandra Burnam correspondence, 1995-1996. Within each group the files are in chronological order by quarter, the materials within the folders in reverse chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director, Records, Texas Youth Commission Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/164, 2000/104
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28, 1999 and February 7, 2000.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Jay Lindgren correspondence, 1992-1995
Fiscal year 1993 files, 1992-1993:
Box
1999/164-1 First quarter, FY 93
Second quarter, FY 93
Third quarter, FY 93
Fourth quarter, FY 93
Fiscal year 1994 files, 1993-1994:
Box
1999/164-1 First quarter, FY 94
Second quarter, FY 94
Third quarter, FY 94
Fourth quarter, FY 94
Fiscal year 1995 files, 1994-1995:
Box
1999/164-1 First quarter, FY 95
Box
1999/164-2 Second quarter, FY 95
Third quarter, FY 95
Fourth quarter, FY 95
Sandra Burnam correspondence, 1995-1996
Fiscal year 1996 files, 1995-1996:
Box
2000/104-1 First quarter, FY 96
Second quarter, FY 96
Third quarter, FY 96
Fourth quarter, FY 96
Fiscal year 1997 files, 1996-1997:
Box
2000/104-1 First quarter, FY 97

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Attorney General opinions, 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, 1974 (bulk 1963),
fractional

This series consists of correspondence of the Texas Youth Council with the Texas Attorney General (AG) and Attorney General opinions regarding requests by the Youth Council for AG opinions on a variety of issues, and opinion request procedures. Dates covered are 1933, 1959-1963, 1967, and 1974, the bulk dating 1963. There are also two requests, from 1933 and 1974, that do not concern the Youth Council but were perhaps maintained for reference purposes. Subjects of the opinion requests and opinions include whether the TYC could charge for the support and maintenance of wards of the Waco and Corsicana State Homes; whether the TYC could pay certain employees for rent in lieu of providing housing and utilities if such facilities were non-existent at the institution; whether the TYC could construct and operate another school for delinquent boys at Gatesville, separate from the existing Gatesville State School if funds were available; and whether the TYC could appoint a man as superintendent of the girls state schools at Crockett and Gainesville if no qualified woman could be found to fill the position.
There is an index to the opinion letters for 1963 in the files.
Arrangement
The opinion request procedures are filled first, followed by the opinion files in chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Attorney General opinions, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2002/106
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on February 21, 2002.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, February 2002
Box
1999/086-1 Opinion request procedures, 1963
Opinions and correspondence:
1933
(includes index), 1959-1963
1967, 1974

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Administrative policy files, 1977, 1981-1993,
0.24 cubic ft.

This series consists of memoranda from the executive office and other agency officials regarding new policies or changes in policies of the Texas Youth Commission. Dates covered are 1977, 1981-1993. A cover sheet is present for each year that lists the policy number, date issued, subject, and originator of the memo. The policy memoranda give the policy number, date issued, date effected, termination date (if applicable), who received it, who sent it, subject, TYC manual rules affected, and the text of the policy. Legislation causing policy changes is listed and summarized. A wide range of policy changes is reflected in these files. Subjects directly relating to youth include release of violent offenders, use of physical force, release of illegal aliens, length of stay at facilities, student reclassification, apprehension of students, death of students, authorizing use of chemical agents, personal possessions of youth, etc. Other policies concern personnel issues and various agency management changes. A few early memos concern incidents at TYC facilities, directly related to policies in place at those institutions.
An early policy memo contained names of youth in detention facilities involved in specific incidents; the names of the children were redacted at some point in the past by the Texas Youth Commission (names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005). We do not have a copy of the unredacted memo.
There are three other correspondence series maintained at the Archives and Information Services Division. Recent files are those found in the series Administrative correspondence, executive director and Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director. Correspondence of the Texas Youth Council can be found in the series Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council. Policy and procedural manuals of the Youth Commission can be found in the series Policy and procedure handbooks and manuals.
Correspondence and administrative policies concerning the operation of the state schools and orphanages formerly under the Texas State Board of Control can be found in the records of the State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
These records are arranged arranged chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. (see the series Board members files and the series Actions of the Board.) [RESTRICTED]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Administrative policy files, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Administrative policies:
Box
1999/164-3 1977
1981
1981-1982
1982-1983
1983-1984
1984-1985
1985-1986
1986-1987
1987-1988
1988-1989
1989-1990
1990-1991
1991-1992
1992-1993

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Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, 1958-1973,
0.7 cubic ft.

This series contains correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, dating 1958-1973. Topics include changes to policies and admittance standards, employment of students, conditions in the schools, staff changes, social events at facilities, deaths at the schools, volunteer programs, construction quality, education and/or research project proposals, proposals for programs at schools and homes, screening of students at the state schools, approving leaves of absence for children, and acknowledgments. Also present are results of research projects, a speech by the executive director to a group of students in 1971, lists giving statistical breakdowns of children in the facilities, goals for homes and schools - including notes from planning sessions and evaluation reports on objectives, correspondence with and newsletters of the Waco Ex-Students' Association and the Corsicana Ex-Students' Association, lists of ex-students from the orphan homes, monthly hospital reports, and a special study done in 1963 on the Corsicana State Home. Correspondents include TYC staff at the administrative offices and at several of the youth facilities, state agencies, local officials, and the general public. A couple of letters concern incidents at TYC juvenile correction facilities.
Recent administrative correspondence of the agency held in the Archives and Information Services Division can be found in the series Administrative correspondence, executive director, Administrative correspondence, deputy executive director and the series Administrative policy files.
Older correspondence concerning the state orphanages and juvenile schools can be found in the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
The records are arranged topically, with materials within the folders in reverse chronological order.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. (see the series Board members files.) [RESTRICTED]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence and administrative files of the Texas Youth Council, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/086
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); psychological or psychiatric reports and evaluations (V.T.C.A., Health and Safety Code, Mental Health records, 611.002); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/086-1 Agriculture, Texas Department of, 1970
Auditor, State, 1970-1973
Film documentary fact sheet, NBC, 1970
Remarks of Dr. James Turman to students at Sycamore School, September 9, 1971
Research project by Dr. David Wells: Results of State Hospital Treatment of Delinquents Transferred from State Training Schools, 1960
Brownwood State Home and School for Girls:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
November 1969 - August 1970
Corsicana State Home:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
September 1969 - July 1970
Special Study, Corsicana State Home, Texas Department of Public Welfare 1963
Crockett State School for Girls:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - July 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - August 1971
September 1969 - August 1970
Goals and objectives, 1973
Health reports, 1969-1970
Giddings State Home and School for Boys:
Classification of students, ca. 1970
General correspondence, 1972-1973
General correspondence, 1969-1972
Long-range planning, 1973
Paintings donated to school, 1973
Request to locate TYC state school at Giddings, 1968
Waco State Home:
General correspondence:
Box
1999/086-1 November 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - June 1971
September 1969 - July 1970
West Texas Children's Home:
General correspondence:
September 1972 - June 1973
September 1971 - August 1972
September 1970 - June 1971
September 1969 - August 1970
Goals for 1973, short range - long term, 1973
Staff meetings, 1971
Christmas gifts, 1971; letter to Dr. Turman, 1972
Box
1999/086-2 Corsicana Ex-Students' Association, 1958-1973
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC]
Waco Ex-Students' Association, 1965-1971
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC]
West Texas Children's Home, group therapy report and evaluations, 1973
[Contains possibly excepted information: names and addresses of youth under the care of the TYC; psychiatric reports]

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Speeches, 1994, 1996-2000,
fractional

These records are speeches given by officials of the Texas Youth Commission, dating 1994, 1996-2000. There are eight speeches - two by Judy Briscoe, then the Director of Prevention; one by Deputy Executive Director Dwight Harris, four by Executive Director Steve Robinson, and one with the speaker not identified, though it is likely given by the executive director as it was received with his speech. Ms. Briscoe's speeches concern preventing abuse and neglect of children and breaking the cycle of violence in families that leads to continuing patterns of abuse and/or neglect. Mr. Harris' speech concerns the operation of the agency, consisting largely of charts, graphs, and statistics. Mr. Robinsons' speeches concern juvenile crime and prevention and an overview of the Youth Commission. The last speech gives an overview of the agency.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by speaker.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Speeches, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/164, 1999/171, 2000/104, 2003/132
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on May 28 and June 21,1999; February 7, 2000; and March 14, 2003.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, October 2004
Box
1999/164-3 Speech, Director of Prevention, Judy Briscoe, [audience unknown], 1996
Speech, Director of Prevention, Judy Briscoe, [audience unknown], ca. 1997
Speech, Deputy Executive Director Dwight Harris, [audience unknown], ca. 1997
Speeches, Executive Director, Steve Robinson:
Box
1999/164-3 Remarks to the 7th Annual Local Government Seminar, 1994
Box
2003/132 Remarks to the Austin Northwest Rotary Club, 2000
"Emerging Issues: Their Impact on juvenile justice agencies," Panel discussion, Millennium Seminar, Sam Houston State University, 2000
Remarks to Executive Women in Texas Government Luncheon, Austin; and remarks to the Oakes Club, San Antonio, 1999-2000
Box
1999/164-3 Speech, unknown speaker, to the Harris County legislative delegation, 1994

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Press releases, 1961-1962, 1966, 1972-1991, 1997-2001,
0.2 cubic ft.

These are press releases covering the activities of the Texas Youth Council and the Texas Youth Commission, dating 1961-1962, 1966, 1972-1991, 1997-2001. Topics include the settlement of the Morales lawsuit; organization of a committee to oversee TYC operations re: the Morales settlement; issues to be discussed at upcoming TYC meetings; legislation affecting TYC facilities or juveniles; opening of a new facility; escapes from youth facilities; expansion of facilities; construction of new facilities; naming of new executive staff or superintendents; results of studies undertaken by the TYC, such as ice hockey violence or reducing recidivism rates for youth; and the presentation of awards to the agency or individuals in the agency, such as the executive director receiving a criminal justice award. Press releases dating from 1998 forward are available on the agency's website at http://www.tyc.state.tx.us/news/index.html.
Press releases about activities at some of the youth facilities from the 1940s can be found in the records of the State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. (see the series Press releases and the series Board members files [Restricted].)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Press releases, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/087, 1999/164, 2000/104, 2001/101, 2002/100, 2003/030, 2003/143
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 1 and May 28, 1999; February 7, 2000; February 13, 2001; February 1, 2002; and April 10, 2003; and by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on October 17, 2002.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000, February 2002, October 2004
Press releases:
Box
2003/030 1961-1962, 1966
1973-1975
1976-1982
Box
1999/087-1 1979, 1983-1984
1985
Box
2003/030 1984-1986
1987-1988
1989-1991
Box
1999/087-1 1997
1998
1999
2000
Box
2003/030 2001

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Policy and procedure handbooks and manuals, 1953-1985,
1.24 cubic ft.

This series contains policy and procedure manuals and handbooks of the Texas Youth Council and the Texas Youth Commission, dating 1953-1985. There are manuals and handbooks covering agency wide services, individual programs, and some for managing specific youth facilities. Types of manuals and handbooks include the Manual of Casework Services, Cottage Life Manual - Giddings State School, Group Manual - Brownwood State Home and School, Crockett Wilderness Program Orientation Manual, Administrative Organization of the Texas Youth Council, General Operating Policies and Procedures, and a Volunteer Handbook. An old handbook of procedures on handling Interstate Compact on Juveniles cases can be found in the series Interstate Compact on Juveniles files.
Older outreach publications by the agency that discuss treatment programs and/or services available at specific facilities operated by the agency can be found in the series Youth Commission outreach and informational publications. Reports and evaluations of some programs that may include a manual as part of the report can be found the series, Reports and studies.
Older manuals and handbooks from some of the orphan homes and state schools can be found in the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
The current General Administrative Policy Manual of the Youth Commission is available on the agency's web site, at http://austin.tyc.state.tx.us/Cfinternet/gap/. Selected policies from the General Administrative Policy Manual for working with the Interstate Compact on Juveniles are on the Youth Commission's web site, at http://austin.tyc.state.tx.us/cfinternet/icj/.
Arrangement
These manuals are arranged into three groups - Handbooks; Manuals from facilities, specific programs or divisions; and Agency wide manuals. They are arranged roughly in alphabetical order within each group.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. (see the series Reports.)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Policy and procedure handbooks and manuals, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/087, 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11 and May 28, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Handbooks
Box
1999/087-1 Administrator's Handbook, Residential Contract Program, ca. 1982
Employee Handbook, 1979
Employee Handbook, 1984
Student Handbook, 1970s
Volunteer Handbook, 1983
Manuals from facilities, specific programs, or divisions
Box
1999/087-1 Administrative Division/Central Office:
Administrative Division, Operations and Procedures, 1976
Central Office Administrative Manual, 1976-1977
Brownwood State Home and School:
Daily Living Manual, 1976
Group Manual, revised, 1974
Corsicana State Home, Residential Treatment Center, 1985
Crockett Wilderness Program:
Policies and Procedures Manual, 1970s
Program Orientation Manual, 1970s
Gatesville State School for Boys:
Self/Social Mastery, An Eclectic Approach to the Treatment of Delinquent Boys, Program Training Manual for Management and Treatment, 1974
Self/Social Mastery, An Eclectic Approach to the Treatment of Delinquent Boys, Program Management and Performance Manual, Part I - Treatment, 1974-1975
Giddings State Home and School Cottage Life Manual, revised, 1977
Group, A Program of the Texas Youth Council, Group Manual, 1970s
Parole Division, ca. 1973
Residential Contract Program:
Manual, 1976
Starting a Group Home in Texas, Manual, 1977
Skills-Based Treatment Program, 1979
Agency wide manuals
Box
1999/087-1 Administrative Organization of the Texas Youth Council, 1960s
Administrative Organization of the Texas Youth Council, 1970s
Manual of Casework Services, 1953
[2 copies, each with notes and loose attachments]
Manual for the Preparation of Children for Admission to the State Training Schools, 1956
Reporting Forms and Their Use by the Children's Schools, 1957
Welcome to the Texas Youth Council, ca. 1980
Box
1999/164-4 Fire and Safety Guidelines and Procedures Manual, ca. 1976
Fire and Safety Guidelines and Procedures Manual, 1978
Food Services Guidelines and Procedures, 1980
General Operating Policies and Procedures Manual, 1979
Maintenance and Construction Policies and Procedures Manual, 1979

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Reports and studies, 1963-1989,
0.8 cubic ft.

This series contains primarily reports and studies conducted by the Research and Planning Division, or the Division of Evaluation and Research of the Texas Youth Council (later Texas Youth Commission). Also present are a few reports by other agencies or organizations, and a research proposal presented by a consultant to the Youth Council. Dates of the reports are 1963-1989. Topics include research studies, program evaluations, minimum standards for some programs, and a master plan for youth development services. Titles of some of these reports are Special Study, Corsicana State Home, 1963; Review of Research on Delinquency in Texas, 1975; TYC Foster Care and Adoption Services - Minimum Standards for Child Placing Agencies, Certification Study, 1977; Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, 1975; Texas Youth Commission - Historical Statistical Data, Summary of Operations, 1962-1989; and Services to Youth in Texas - A Preliminary Report of the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, 1969.
The Texas Documents Collection holds several research studies and reports of the Youth Council/Commission from the 1970s-1990s, most in the 1990s. Titles of some of these catalogued reports are Summary of the Results of the National Recidivism Methods Study Conducted by the Texas Youth Commission, 1998; Research Report Regarding 1:8 Caseworker to Youth Ratio in the Texas Youth Commission, 1994; The Relationship Between GED Attainment and Recidivism - TYC - Executive Summary, 1994; Recommendations for a Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluation Design, 1993; Outcome Evaluation of TYC Chemical Dependency Treatment Programs, 1992; Female Offenders in the Texas Youth Commission, 1992; A System for Juvenile Data Analysis and Youth, 1972; and A Proposed Model for an Outcome Evaluation of the Chemical Dependency Treatment Program, 1989.
Other reports concerning some of the youth facilities from the 1920s-1940s can be found in the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. (see the series Reports [RESTRICTED].)
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports and studies, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-2 The Development of Criterion-Referenced Measures for Assessing Skills of Youth in the Texas Youth Council, proposal by Carkhuff and Associates, 1975
Historical Statistical Data, Summary of Operations, Texas Youth Commission, 1962-1989
Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, A Summary Report, Texas Youth Council, 1975
Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, Texas Youth Council, 1975
[3 volumes]
Minimum Foster Care Standards, Residential Contract Program, Texas Youth Council, 1982
Minimum Standards for Child-Placing Agencies, Certification Study, Texas Youth Council Foster Care and Adoption Services, 1977
Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, A Proposed Statewide Program Through Community Organization, Texas Youth Council, 1960s
Residential Contract Program, TYC/RCP Evaluation, National Center for Juvenile Justice, 1977
Review of Research on Delinquency in Texas, Texas Youth Council, 1975
Services to Youth in Texas - A Preliminary Report of the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, 1969
Synopsis, South Texas Regional Facility, Texas Youth Council, late 1970s?
Special Study, Corsicana State Home, Texas Department of Public Welfare 1963
Status Offenders and CHINS [Children in Need of Supervision], Texas Commission on Services to Youth and Children, ca. 1979
Study on Girls Programming, Texas Youth Commission, 1984
A System for Juvenile Data Analysis and Use, Texas Youth Council, 1982
Wilderness Therapeutic Camping Evaluation, Texas Youth Council, ca. 1977
[program at Crockett State School]
Untitled - [proposed rules, contracts, standards, etc.,] Youth Council, ca. 1982

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Youth Commission outreach and informational publications, 1953, [ca. 1966]-1985,
0.2 cubic ft.

This series consists of brochures, pamphlets, and directories that describe the programs and facilities operated by the Texas Youth Council/Commission, dating 1953, ca. 1966-1985. They were produced by the agency and many include pictures of the facilities and youth housed there, either in school or engaged in recreational activities. Items present include child care pamphlets, Gatesville State Schools for Boys brochures, Brownwood Reception Center for Girls brochure, a historical marker dedication program, and the Waco State Home Annual Report (1952-1953). The agency provides information about its facilities and programs on its web site - http://www.tyc.state.tx.us/programs/index.html.
Arrangement
The publications are arranged alphabetically by agency or title.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Youth Commission outreach and informational publications, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-2 Brownwood Reception Center for Girls, 1970s
[brochure]
Brownwood State Home and School for Girls, 1970s
[brochure]
Child Care Information, several brochures, 1983-1985
Community Council Directory, 1985
Dedication of Texas Historical Marker Commemorating Corsicana State Home, 1977
Gatesville State Schools for Boys:
several brochures, 1966, 1960s and 1970s
Breakthrough, A Program of Communication Skills, ca. 1970
You're Hired - Now What, Hilltop State School, [part of the Gatesville State Schools complex], 1970s
A Resource Directory for Teens and Their Parents, 1983
Waco State Home:
A Decade of Child Care, Waco State Home annual report, 1952-1953
W-I-S-H, Wacoans Involved at the State Home, Waco State Home Volunteer Programs, 1975

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State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, 1949-1955 (bulk 1949-1951),
0.48 cubic ft.

This series consists of two scrapbooks of clippings and other materials about the formation and early years of the Texas State Youth Development Council, dating 1949-1955 (bulk 1949-1951). These scrapbooks were created and maintained to document the creation of the State Youth Development Council, early activities of the agency, and issues faced by the agency. They contain primarily clippings, but also include photographs of the governor and original members of the Youth Development Council, copies of dedication programs, news bulletins/newsletters issued by the council, and some other printed material. Topics covered include creation of the agency, appointment of the original council members, opening of and news from state schools and homes, news of council activities, and various issues pertaining to the problems of juvenile delinquency. Many of the clippings are no longer attached to the pages and will be eventually be photocopied as a preservation measure:
Arrangement
The scrapbooks are arranged as received, materials in each are roughly in chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Youth Development Council early history scrapbooks, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-3 Scrapbook, State Youth Development Council, 1949-1955 (bulk 1949-1950)
Box
1999/087-4 Scrapbook, State Youth Development Council, 1950-1952

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Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, [ca. 1932], 1941-1990, undated,
1.94 cubic ft.

This series consists of several notebooks of materials compiled to provide a narrative history of some of the schools and homes operated by the Texas Youth Commission and to highlight functions and some programs and/or activities at those facilities and in the agency. The materials in the notebooks are dated 1886-1892, 1902, 1932, ca. 1932, 1941-1990, undated. According to data found in some of the notebooks, they were compiled by the agency in 1990. The notebooks about specific facilities usually contain a narrative history of the facilities, excerpts from annual reports or other agency publications about activities at the facilities, clippings, and copies of pertinent legislation. Other items present for some facilities include rules, policies or procedures for that facility, brochures, photographs, and programs for special events, such as a dedication ceremony. Photographs where specific children can be identified in the state schools have been removed as they are confidential under V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005. If a child in a juvenile facility operated by the Texas Youth Council/Commission can be identified from a photograph, that image is confidential unless the image was published, such as in an annual report or a brochure about the programs at a facility. If published in an agency publication, it is assumed the child would have granted permission for his image to be taken. Information is present for these facilities: Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School, Brady State School, Brownwood State School, Crockett State School, Corsicana State Home, Evins Center, Gainsville State School, Gatesville State School, Giddings State School, Mountain View School, Parrie Haynes Ranch, Statewide Reception Center at Brownwood, Waco State Home, and the West Texas Children's Home.
There are also two notebooks that focus on programs and functions of the agency as a whole. One notebook is arranged topically by the issues of parole, group homes, halfway homes, Morales-Turman litigation, and Board member orientation. The other notebook provides descriptive information about the different divisions and some programs within the agency. Within the latter notebook is a thesis on the history of the Interstate compacts, titled - An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University.
Arrangement
The materials have been removed from the notebooks, but maintained in the same order. The files of specific facilities are arranged alphabetically; the files of the programs and divisions are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, Records, Texas Youth Commission Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Compiled history and information files, facilities
Box
1999/087-5 Blind, Deaf and Orphan School:
History, 1990
Financial data; excerpts from TYC (Texas Youth Council) annual report, 1958, 1963
Laws, 1957
Clippings, 1952; 1960
Reports, Texas School for the Blind; list of officials, 1886-1892; ca. 1990 [list covers 1856-1987]
Brady State School:
History, 1990
Photographs of facilities, 1990
Clippings, programs, history, 1950, 1989
Legislation, statutes, 1947
Excerpts from SYDC (State Youth Development Council) annual report, 1950
Part of a study done for Governor Jester by the Texas Training Code Commission, 1949
Various histories, reports, clippings, 1947-1950
Brownwood State School:
History, 1990
Warranty deed and resolution transferring land for the school, 1967
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1968-1983
Proposal for Adventure Trails Program, 1973
History of TYC and child care program overview, 1988
Institutional data, 1979
Clippings:
1967-1970
1970-1972
1973-1975
1975-1976
1976
1976-1981, 1988
Wilderness Challenge Program, 1985
Crockett State School:
History, 1990
Photographs, ca. 1990
Miscellaneous items, 1958, 1969
History of the school and the agency, corrections made, 1987, 1990
Legislation, clippings, 1951, 1960s-1970s
Excerpts from SYDC and TYC (Texas Youth Council/Texas Youth Commission) annual reports, 1951, 1959-1962, 1967, 1969-1974, 1976-1984
Newsletter, 1986
Clippings, 1949-1951, 1974, 1978-1979
Photographs, 1950s-1960s
Clippings, 1952, 1957
Wilderness Camp clipping, 1977
Corsicana State Home:
Historical marker dedication, 1977
Financial data; clippings, 1958; 1972-1978, 1982
Miscellaneous information on the TYC, 1982, 1989
Senate report, Report and Proceedings of the State Investigating Committee, 1902
Evins Center:
Opening ceremonies, 1990
Clippings, 1982-1986, 1990
Gainesville State School:
History, [19--]
Photograph of facility, 1985
Clippings, 1949-1952, 1966, 1970s
Miscellaneous items, 1932, 1950, 1958, 1982
Clippings, 1949-1952, 1966, 1970s
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1960-1962, 1976-1983
Pre-release manual, 1960s-1970s
Report, Gainesville Challenge Program, ca. 1990
Clippings, 1975, 1981
Gatesville State School:
Publication, Pictorial Review, State Juvenile Training School, ca. 1932
Excerpts from a report by the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, 1969
Paper, "Laws Relating to Children and Youth Administered by the Texas Youth Council," 1957
TYC history, done in the 1970s or 1980s
List of boys buried at the Gatesville State School for Boys cemetery, done in the 1980s
(dates of death are 1917-1920)
Clippings, 1949-1979
Plat of grounds, 1970s
Pictures from unknown publication, likely done in the 1950s-1960s
Photographs of buildings, 1950, [19--]
Box
1999/087-6 Giddings State School:
History, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1968-1969, 1972, 1982
Clippings, 1968-1969, 1975, 1985, 1987
Correspondence re: site selection, 1968
Legal material re: local state school committee and acquisition of land for the school, 1968-1969, 1973
Clippings, 1970, 1975, 1979-1981, 1984
Mountain View School:
History, 1990
Miscellaneous items, 1963
Excerpts from Carkhuff report, [197-]
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and an unnamed study; minutes, 1962-1963, 1970, ca. 1975; 1973
Legal statutes, 1976
Clippings, 1962, 1972, 1975, 1978
Parrie Haynes Ranch:
History, 1990
Legal materials, 1976-1977, [198-]
Policies and procedures, ca. 1980
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and other agency sources, 1971-1985
Clippings, 1979-1982, 1990
Statewide Reception Center at Brownwood:
History, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports and other agency sources, 1967-1986
Clippings, 1975-1980
Waco State Home:
History, 1990
Clippings, 1932, 1952, 1991
Expenditures, 1958
Laws, 1950s-1960s
Excerpts from reports, studies, and newsletters, 1963, 1975, 1977, 1982
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1967-1980
Clippings, 1976-1979
Employee manual (includes history and organization of the home), 1960s-1970s
West Texas Children's Home:
History, 1990
Dedication service program, 1966
Dedication service program, [10th anniversary], 1976
Expenditures, 1969
Portions of Senate reports, 1969
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, 1965-1983
Clippings, 1975-1984
History, 1976
Box
1999/087-5a Photographs removed from notebooks of facilities :
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of juveniles in the TYC facilities]
Crockett State School for Girls photographs, undated
Waco State Home photographs, 1960s
West Texas Children's Home, photographs of dedication ceremony, 1966
[Note: Governor John Connally is in several shots interacting with children at the home.]
Compiled history and information files, programs and divisions
Box
1999/087-6 Parole:
Program description and history, 1990
Portion of report of the Senate Youth Affairs Committee, map, 1969
Program overview, 1983, ca. 1990
Clippings, 1955, 1964, 1977-1979
Parole Division minutes, 1968
Excerpts from annual reports (TYC and predecessor agencies) and handbooks, 1892, 1941, 1959-1986
Box
1999/087-7 Group homes:
Clippings, 1985-1986
Halfway homes:
Description of program and history, 1990
Excerpts from TYC annual reports, press releases, etc., 1967-1969, 1971, 1976-1987
Dedication programs, 1984, 1986
Brochures, 1970s-1980s
Clippings, 1975-1980
Morales-Turman litigation:
Settlement agreement, 1983
Board member orientation:
Board member orientation manual, 1989
Central Office:
Executive director Ron Jackson, ca. 1975
Recollections of former employee, 1990
History, 1990
Brown-Heatly Building dedication, 1989
Report, A Youth Development Program for the State of Texas, Texas Training Code Commission, 1949
Clippings, 1949, 1957
Clippings, 1955, 1964, 1974-1989
Paper, "An Overview of the Texas Youth Commission Programs," Texas Youth Commission, 1983
Partial history and description of the functions of the TYC, ca. 1985
Two histories of the TYC, 1970s
Minutes, January 1974
Draft of a report on the history and programs of the TYC, 1990
Other divisions/programs:
Management Information System Department, 1978-1980, 1985, 1990
Electronic Document Center, 1990
Education, 1965, 1980-1983
Legal, 1974-1982
Research and planning functions, [several name changes for this department], 1971-1982
Fiscal, 1976-1977, 1983
Audit, 1980-1983
Residential Contract Program, 1977-1983
Maintenance and Construction Department, 1983
Community Assistance Program, 1976-1981
Community Services Division/Department, 1976-1982
Personnel Division, 1974-1977, 1983
Volunteer Services Department, 1976-1981
Information Services Department, 1980-1983
Interstate Compact on Juveniles:
Organization, history, goals, 1983-1984
Thesis, An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, Robert H. Voltz, 1982

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Juvenile court reports, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975,
0.47 cubic ft.

This series consists of several sets of reports related to juvenile court activities, most created by the Texas State Youth Development Council or the Texas Youth Council, with one set created by the Texas State Department of Public Welfare: Dates covered are 1948, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975. These reports discuss and/or present statistical analyses of juvenile cases, Texas statutes related to children's legal issues, related services for Texas children, and juvenile court reporting. Another series containing collections of state laws pertaining to juveniles and the courts can be found in the series Ombudsman files. The set of juvenile court reports is also available in the Texana Collection of the Archives and Information Services Division, see Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports, State Department of Public Welfare, volumes II-VII, 1948, 1950.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by title.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Juvenile court reports, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-8 Reference Guide for Texas Juvenile Court Reporting, presented by the Texas State Youth Development Council, 1952
Report of Juvenile Courts, prepared by the State Youth Development Council, later the Texas Youth Council, 1955, 1958, 1964, and 1967-1975
Texas Juvenile Court Research Reports, State Department of Public Welfare, volumes II-VII, 1948, 1950:
Selected Texas Statutes Regarding Court Proceedings, volume II, 1948
Juvenile Court Statistics and Related Services for Texas Children, volume III, 1948
Texas Statutes Governing Court Proceedings in Children's Cases, volume IV, 1950
Texas Statutes Creating and Regulating State and Private Agencies that Render Services to Children, volume V, 1950
Texas Statutes Creating and Regulating State and County Hospitals and Special Schools that Care for Children, volume VI, 1950
Texas Statutes Covering the Rights and Legal Status of Children, volume VII, 1950

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Ombudsman files, [ca. 1951], [ca. 1972-ca. 1977],
0.3 cubic ft.

This series consists of a notebook of files the Ombudsman of the Texas Youth Council, containing Texas laws pertaining to juvenile delinquency, courts, and training schools; a publication on the duties of the ombudsman; an ombudsman and hearing procedures handbook; copies of state legislation concerning ombudsmen; and reports and publications on the duties of the ombudsman, the function of the program, and handling grievances in correctional facilities. Dates covered are ca. 1951, ca. 1972-ca. 1977. The notebook on laws contains annotated statutes, including the historical notes and decisions re: laws dating ca. 1914 through 1951. Some early publications on juvenile courts are present in the series Juvenile court reports.
The Ombudsman of the Texas Youth Council was initially appointed by the Executive Director on February 1, 1974. He had the responsibility to help ensure the protection of children's legal rights and to control abuse of administrative discretion through investigation, mediation or representation in administrative hearings. He could not institute a suit on behalf of any child against the state or against any employee, but could, after exhaustion of administrative remedies and after giving notice to the Executive Director, refer a child to an appropriate outside source for resolving a grievance or remedying an alleged wrong. Today, the General Counsel of the agency has the responsibility for youth rights.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Ombudsman files, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 Notebook, Laws pertaining to juveniles, juvenile courts, juvenile officers, training schools, etc., ca. 1951
[covers laws dating ca. 1914-1951]
Ombudsman information and procedures, ca. 1972-ca. 1977
[large wallet with handbook, publications, and copies of legislation]

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Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, 1978,
0.1 cubic ft.

This series contains correspondence and memoranda between staff of the Texas Youth Council, the staff at the Gatesville State School for Boys, local officials, and parents of students at Gatesville; clippings; background information about the school; and legislation, including a draft of a bill transferring the facility to the Texas Department of Corrections. These materials are dated 1978. The Gatesville State School for Boys was shut down by the Texas Youth Council in 1979 and the facilities were transferred to the Texas Department of Corrections. These materials generally concern a workplan developed by the Youth Council for phasing out operations at Gatesville and concerns over where to place the more serious juvenile offenders within the Youth Council system of juvenile correction facilities.
Discussion of the reasons behind the shut down of the facility and the planning process may also be found in the minutes of the agency, see the series Meeting minutes and agenda. See also the series Morales case files, since the shutdown was in part a result of a court order resulting from this litigation. The Morales case, litigation brought against the agency by some students, eventually resulted in changes in the way juvenile correction facilities are operated. Orders from the case also resulted in shutting down the Mountain View School for Boys.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Gatesville Task Force and contingency planning records, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11,1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 Information on Gatesville Task Force and contingency plan, 1978
Gatesville State School, 1978

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Gatesville field survey notebooks, 1934,
0.1 cubic ft.

This series consists of five notebooks containing field survey notes and sketches of the Gatesville facility grounds, dating 1934. The Gatesville State School for Boys was operated by the Texas State Board of Control in 1934. The Texas State Youth Development Council took over operation of the facility in 1949.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Gatesville field survey notebooks, Records, Texas Youth Commission Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 Field survey notebooks, Gatesville state school, 1934
[5 notebooks]

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In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, 1983-1984,
fractional

This series contains memos between staff of the Texas Youth Commission (TYC), copies of rules sent to the staff of halfway houses operated by the TYC to review re: compliance with the Morales agreement, copies of rules in use at these homes, and comments on the rules. These materials are dated 1983-1984. One letter concerns an incident at a TYC juvenile correction facility that led to procedural changes. There was one letter containing the name of a youth in a state school; it had been redacted at some point in the past by the Youth Commission. We do not have a copy of the original letter. The names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system are confidential under V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005.
For more information about related changes resulting from the Morales litigation see the series Morales case files. The Morales case, litigation brought against the agency by some students, eventually resulted in changes in the way juvenile correction facilities are operated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), In-house reviews of student rules and consequences, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-9 In-house student rules and consequences, 1983-1984

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Photographs, [ca. 1960-ca. 1978],
2 cubic ft.

This series consists of loose photographs and photograph albums of facilities of the Texas Youth Council and children and staff at the facilities operated by the Council, including state juvenile training schools and the state orphanages. Dates covered are ca. 1960-ca. 1978. The loose photographs include some 8-by-10 inch black and white photographs mounted on a display-type board with captions. The name of the school/home is on the reverse side of the board for most images. Other loose photographs are 8-by-10 inch and smaller black and white images, usually with no identifying information. Views include children in classrooms or in training areas - such as machine shops or beauty salons; children engaged in recreational activities - such as singing groups, gym classes, swimming, or playing sports; views of construction at the Mountain View school; interior and exterior views from the Gainesville school; and a couple of photos of Texas governors - Governor Beauford Jester and Governor Price Daniel. The facilities identified in the photos are Gainesville, Gatesville, Mountain View, and Crockett schools; the state orphans homes in Corsicana and Waco; and the Blind, Deaf and Orphan School. The loose photographs are largely undated, but by analyzing the styles of dress, furnishings, and items seen in the photos, most of the pictures were likely taken in the early-mid 1960s.
There are two sets of photograph albums. The first set consists of three albums of pictures from the West Texas Children's Home, most taken in the early-mid 1970s. These views consist of color snapshots of Christmas celebrations, a Halloween party, children swimming, prom shots, and shots from student council trips. Also present are several black and white 5-by-7 inch shots of Governor John Connally and Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes at outdoor events, likely taken in the early-mid 1960s.
The second set of albums consists of two identical albums of color snapshots from the Crockett Wilderness Program dating from 1978. Views shown are camp scenes, including setting up camp and participating in a variety of camping activities.
Some of these photographs are confidential under V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005. If a child in a juvenile facility operated by the Texas Youth Council/Commission can be identified from a photograph, that image is confidential unless the image was published, such as in an annual report or a brochure about the programs at a facility. If published in an agency publication, it is assumed the child would have granted permission for his image to be taken.
Earlier photographs (these are also confidential) at orphan homes or state training facilities can be found in the records of the Texas State Board of Control, housed in the Archives and Information Services Division. Also, early annual/biennial reports from the late 19th and early 20th centuries from the Gatesville State School for Boys (formerly the House of Correction and Reformatory, then the State Juvenile Training School) contain a large number of pictures of the facilities and the students. The location of the original photographs used in these annual/biennial reports is unknown.
Arrangement
The loose photographs are unarranged, though many are foldered by facilities. The albums are arranged chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft. [see the series Photographs.] [RESTRICTED]
Publications
House of Correction and Reformatory; Biennial/annual reports, 1887-1889 [catalog number - 353.8/T]
State Juvenile Training School, Biennial reports, 1908-1920 [catalog number - 364/T31j]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Photographs, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, photographs where individual children in Youth Commission facilities can be identified unless the child granted permission to allow the photograph to be taken (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-11 Loose photographs, ca. 1960-ca. 1978
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of children in the TYC facilities]
Box
1999/087-12 Photograph albums, West Texas Children's Home:
Halloween Party, 1970
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of children in the TYC facilities]
Miscellaneous views, early 1960s, ca. 1970-1976
[2 albums]
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of children in the TYC facilities]
Photographs albums, Crockett State School Wilderness Program, 1978
[2 albums]
[Contains possibly excepted information: photographs that show the faces of children in the TYC facilities]

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Executive Director's records as ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, 1972-1974,
0.3 cubic ft.

The series contains minutes, meeting materials, and other files of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, dating 1972-1974. The executive director of the Texas Youth Council served as an ex-officio member of this commission. Materials present include minutes, reports on juvenile issues presented at meetings or forums, testimony heard by the Governor's Interagency Task Force on Youth Care and Rehabilitation, drafts of legislation, legislative recommendations, rules and regulation changes, correspondence and memoranda, newsletters, new member appointments, policy resolutions, budget data, and the constitution and bylaws of the Commission. Correspondence is largely composed of memoranda from staff to commissioners informing them of upcoming meetings, forums, and other issues.
Minutes of some meetings of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth can be found in the Archives and Information Services Division.
Agency history
The Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth was created in 1971 by House Bill 466, 62nd Legislature, Regular Session. It was composed of eleven ex-officio members and eighteen members appointed by the governor with the concurrence of the Senate for six-year overlapping terms. The ex-officio members were the Commissioner of Health; the Commissioner of Education; the chairman of the Coordinating Board, Texas College and University System; the Commissioner of Human Resources; the Commissioner of Mental Health and Mental Retardation; the director of the Texas Department of Corrections; the director of the Texas Department of Public Safety; the executive director of the State Commission for the Blind; the executive director of the Texas Youth Council; the director of the Texas Employment Commission; and the director of the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. Of the appointed members, six were to be younger than 21 years of age at the time of their appointment. The chair was elected from the appointed members. Staff support was provided by the Texas Department of Community Affairs.
The primary responsibility of the commission was to assist in the coordination of administrative responsibility and the services to state agencies and programs as they related to the well-being of children and youth. The commission was to periodically report to the Legislature its findings on studies relevant to the protection, growth, and development of children and youth. It could also recommend changes to existing programs or propose new programs it deemed essential. It also performed any duties assigned to it by the Governor or the Legislature concerning the White House Conferences on Children and Youth. This commission was abolished in 1979 by House Bill 1834, 66th Legislature, Regular Session; the bill that adopted the Human Resources Code.
Arrangement
The files are arranged roughly in reverse chronological order.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, Minutes, 1973-1974, 1978, fractional
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Executive Director's records as an ex-officio member of the Texas Commission on Services to Children and Youth, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/086
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/086-1 Meeting file August 1974
Box
1999/087-12 Correspondence and reports:
August 1974
May 1974
April 1974
April 1974
February 1974
January 1974
October 1973
August-September 1973
August-September 1973
July 1973
June-July 1973
March-May 1973
Meeting file, January-February 1973
Newsletters, November 1972-February 1974
Objectives and policies, ca. 1972
Legislation, ca. 1972

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Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, 1955-1996,
1 cubic ft.

This series consists of minutes from the annual meetings of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and from its annual mid-winter workshops. Dates covered are 1955-1996. The minutes and workshops cover issues concerning multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. Topics include proposed legislation, court decisions, return of juveniles to their home state, supervision of juveniles in another state, expenses involved, ages of juveniles, agreements, etc. Other materials present in the minutes include committee reports, resolutions, reports of the treasurer and secretary, and the report of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.
The Texas Youth Commission administers the Interstate Compact on Juveniles for the state of Texas. The Council of State Governments drafted a compact agreement in 1955 to address the need for interstate agreements to cover multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. The need was evident for procedures to permit the return of non-delinquent juveniles who ran away from home to other states, and for a system under which juvenile offenders could be supervised in other states. The first organizational meeting of the Compact was held in 1956. In 1965, the 59th Legislature of Texas enacted House Bill 531, The Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles. By adding a new section to the Texas Youth Council Act, Texas joined the compact in 1965. The executive director of the Youth Commission is the compact administrator for Texas. The Compact (ICJ) provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators that meets yearly to discuss issues pertinent to its endeavors. It also holds mid-winter workshops for members on relevant juvenile issues.
A related item is a thesis about the Interstate compacts filed in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University. An older handbook of procedures on handling Interstate Compact cases can be found in the series Interstate Compact on Juveniles files. Cases handled through the Texas Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found at the Youth Commission.
Rules and regulations concerning the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators and information about the Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found on the Youth Commission's website, at http://austin.tyc.state.tx.us/cfinternet/icj/.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1999/087, 1999/164
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11 and May 28, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, minutes:
Box
1999/164-5 1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
[2 folders]
1995
[2 folders]
1996

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Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, [ca. 1965], 1967,
fractional

This series contains a practices and procedures handbook for fulfilling the functions of the Texas Interstate Compact on Juveniles, dating ca. 1965; and a summary report from the 1967 National Governor's Conference on Juvenile Delinquency. The handbook also contains a copy of the Texas legislation creating the Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles for Texas. Cases handled through the Texas Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found at the Youth Commission.
The Texas Youth Commission (TYC) administers the Interstate Compact on Juveniles for the state of Texas. The Council of State Governments drafted a compact agreement in 1955 to address the need for interstate agreements to cover multi-state problems involving runaway juveniles. The need was evident for procedures to permit the return of non-delinquent juveniles who ran away from home to other states, and for a system under which juvenile offenders could be supervised in other states. The first organizational meeting of the Compact was held in 1956. In 1965, the 59th Legislature of Texas enacted House Bill 531, The Uniform Interstate Compact on Juveniles. By adding a new section to the Texas Youth Council Act, Texas joined the compact in 1965. The executive director of the Youth Commission is the compact administrator for Texas. The Compact (ICJ) provides for the cooperative supervision of juvenile probationers and parolees who move from state to state. It also provides for the return of non-delinquent runaway youth, parole and probation absconders, and escapees to their home state. The administrators of each state compact are members of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators that meets yearly to discuss issues pertinent to its endeavors.
Related materials are minutes from meetings of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators, found in the series Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators. Another related item is a thesis about the Interstate compacts filed in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, for Sam Houston State University.
Information about the Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found on the TYC's website at http://austin.tyc.state.tx.us/cfinternet/icj/. Selected policies from the TYC's General Administrative Policy Manual pertaining to working with the Interstate Compact on Juveniles can be found on the Youth Commission's website, at http://austin.tyc.state.tx.us/Cfinternet/icj/gaptoc.html.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Interstate Compact on Juveniles files, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 Interstate Compact on Juveniles:
Policies and procedures handbook, ca. 1965
Summary report, National Governor's Conference on Juvenile Delinquency, 1967

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Theses, 1958, 1978,
0.14 cubic ft.

This series contains two theses on the broad topic of juvenile corrections, dating 1958 and 1978. The first is titled The Measurement of Employee Absenteeism and Turnover in a Wilderness Therapeutic Camping Program, by Gary Selman, 1978, Stephen F. Austin State University. The next is Interrelationships Among Developmental Characteristics of Institutionalized Delinquent Boys, by B. Bryce Davis, 1958, Texas Christian University. Another thesis concerning Youth Commission activities relating to the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, can be found in the series Youth Commission facilities and programs history and information notebooks, titled An Historical Analysis of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, by Roger H. Voltz, 1982, Sam Houston State University.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Theses, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1999/087
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on January 11, 1999.
Restrictions on Use
Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.)
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, May 2000
Box
1999/087-10 The Measurement of Employee Absenteeism and Turnover in a Wilderness Therapeutic Camping Program, by Gary Selman, 1978
Interrelationships Among Developmental Characteristics of Institutionalized Delinquent Boys, by B. Bryce Davis, 1958

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Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, 1974,
fractional

These records are minutes of the Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council, 1974. An agenda is present for August 1974, with minutes present for December 1974. A three volume master plan and a summary report, written in 1975, are present in the series Reports and studies, see Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, A Summary Report, Texas Youth Council, 1975; and Texas Master Plan for Youth Development Services, Texas Youth Council, 3 volume set, 1975.
History of the Advisory Council
In October 1973 Governor Dolph Briscoe issued an executive order calling for "a comprehensive study to inventory existing facilities and services and to recommend ways and means of upgrading the services of Texas State Government to youth in the broadest and most comprehensive manner--early development, education, care and rehabilitation of troubled and disadvantaged youth." To carry out the study the Texas Youth Council and the Criminal Justice Division of the Governor's Office cosponsored a project to develop a master plan for juvenile corrections in Texas. The consulting firm of Carkhoff Association, Inc. was hired to produce a report detailing a master plan that was then reviewed by the Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council, an advisory council of citizens and professionals. Council members were nominated by members of the Texas Youth Council and formal appointments were made by Ron Jackson, executive director of the Texas Youth Council and Robert C. Flowers, executive director of the Criminal Justice Division of the Governor's Office. The project report and a summary report of the recommendations of the advisory council were published in 1975.
Organization/Arrangement
This is a bound volume.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas Juvenile Corrections Master Plan Advisory Council minutes, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2003/030
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Legislative Reference Library on October 17, 2002.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, October 2004
Box
2003/030 Minutes, 1974

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Financial and assorted records, 1909-1944, 1949, undated (bulk 1911-1927),
0.47 cubic ft.

Records include correspondence, statements of accounts, an inventory of goods on hand, annual statements of school funds, contracts, invoices of textbook purchases, architectural drawings of a proposed dormitory, list of boys buried at the Gatesville State School, list of discharge money paid to a few boys, lists of accounts, pedigree charts for livestock and dogs, and registration certificates and transfer of ownership certificates of registered cattle. Records are dated 1909-1944, 1949 and undated (bulk 1911-1927). These are financial records and some correspondence of the State Juvenile Training School, also known as the State Juvenile Training Facility (formerly known as the House of Correction and Reformatory, later known as the Gatesville State School for Boys). Topics include financial status of the overall facility and of the school at the facility, routine financial transactions, land leased or purchased for the facility, construction at the facility, and livestock management. Correspondents include the governor's office, the Board of Control, the Attorney General and the Comptroller.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly by record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Financial and assorted records, Records, Texas Youth Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 2005/050
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Youth Commission on October 27, 2004.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, names, home addresses and other identifying information of juvenile offenders in the agency's juvenile delinquent system and of dependent and neglected children in any facilities operated by the Texas Youth Commission (V.T.C.A., Texas Family Code, Section 58.005); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (V.T.C.A., Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail, fax, or email including enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information requested. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.
Processed by
Laura K. Saegert, October 2004
Box
2005/050 Correspondence with governor re: land purchase, 1911
Letter from Attorney General to local attorney re: suit for land title, 1912
Correspondence and original drawings for proposed dormitory, 1911
Correspondence with State Board of Control and Comptroller, 1920, 1928
List of boys buried in the Gatesville State School for Boys cemetery, 1967
[Contains possibly excepted information: names of boys in the juvenile system]
[List includes birth and death dates and causes of death. Boys died between 1908 and 1920.]
Statement of accounts, 1927-1928
Statement of accounts, 1931-1932
Annual statements of school funds:
1922
1923
1924
1926
1927
Discharge money, 1942
[Discharge money was given to boys leaving the facility to enable them to return home.]
[Contains possibly excepted information: names of boys in the juvenile system ]
Inventory, 1928
Lists of labor accounts, ca. 1925, 1926, 1929
Receipts for money in possession of juvenile from El Paso, 1944
[Contains possibly excepted information: name of boy in juvenile system]
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1911, 1924, 1939
Invoices for textbooks, 1921
Agreement for construction of buildings, 1915
Contract for steam heating, 1926
Contract for gas purchases, 1929
Contract for phone service, 1929
Fragments re: safe at facility, 1949, undated
Pedigrees:
Cattle, 1909-1915, undated
Pigs, 1916, 1923
Dogs, 1911
Cattle - registration certificates, transfers of ownership, correspondence, 1911, 1918-1921

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Morales case files, 1949-1990, undated(bulk 1969-1999),
37.6 cubic ft.

Types of material found in the Morales case files include legal documents, reports, correspondence, memoranda, trial proceedings, testimony, depositions, charts, drafts, publications, administrative records, photocopies, clippings, manuals, field notes, and eight photographs. The records range in date from 1949 until 1990 and undated (bulk 1969-1989). These are records from the Morales v. Turman lawsuit, filed by students in several state juvenile correctional institutions against the Texas Youth Commission. The materials document the entire thirteen-year history of the Morales lawsuit, from its inception to the final report of the Consultants Committee.
The records have been arranged in file drawer order with undesignated material at the end remaining in the order in which they arrived. Drawers 1-9, with the exception of Drawer 3, appear to be materials gathered as evidence and in basic preparation for the 1973 trial and the 1974 memorandum opinion and order - some of the materials did become court exhibits. Drawer 3, however, particularly regards the immediate aftermath of the trial and the 1974 Memorandum and Opinion. Following Drawer 9, the complete 1973 trial proceedings are listed. Drawers B-1 through B-4 appear to contain materials concerning the appeal process, changing conditions at TYC, and information gathered for the potential re-hearing, such as the 1979 and 1981 interrogatories. An exception to this tendency exists among the files marked with roman numerals found in Drawer B-2. These materials generally document the process of the litigation from the initial complaint (regarding lack of access to attorneys and failure to provide the children with due process) up until the actual trial on the second amended complaint (charging major constitutional deprivations). Finally, the undesignated materials primarily concern processes of negotiation, settlement, and the creation and functioning of the Morales Consultants Committee. Some files appear to be numbered according to an unknown system, possibly the date of creation, and their relationship to the surrounding records is unclear, thus they remain in the order in which the Archives Division received them. Some records from earlier periods are found randomly among these undesignated materials; some documents are duplicates of earlier records.
To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.
This series was removed from this finding aid due to the electronic file size limitations imposed by the online finding aid web site (TARO). If you are reading this electronically, click on the following link to access the finding aid for the first group of case files - Texas Youth Commission, Morales case files. If you are reading this in paper, the Morale case files are found in separate dividers within the binder.

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