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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Content

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Correspondence concerning the Penitentiary, 1846-1921 (bulk 1860-1882),

Reports, 1848-1908, undated (bulk 1875-1882),

Investigations, 1866-1879, undated,

Financial records, 1848-1911, undated,

Legal documents, 1848-1913, undated,

Blueprints and maps, 1848-1912, undated,

Texas State Railroad records, 1909-1921, undated,

Miscellaneous records, 1862-1916, undated,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

An Inventory of Records Relating to the Penitentiary at the Texas State Archives, 1846-1921, undated



Overview

Title Records relating to the Penitentiary,
Dates: 1846-1921, undated
Abstract: Types of records include correspondence, reports, financial documents, legal records, and blueprints and maps, dating 1846-1921, and undated. Date gaps within each record type exist. Correspondence consists of incoming letters only, and is scant after 1882. Reports are also few after 1882. Financial documents exist throughout the period but are scant during the 1850s and 1870s. Other record types are scattered throughout.
Abstract: These records document the state penitentiary system in Texas from the early years through the beginning of the twentieth century. They reflect activities of various penitentiary officials, especially the superintendent and financial agent, and governors involvement with the prison system. A wide range of subjects are covered, including cloth production and distribution during the Civil War, investigations of financial agents, treatment of convicts, conveyance of convicts to the prison, leasing of the prisons, contracting for convict labor, repairs and additions to the Huntsville facilities, construction of Rusk Penitentiary, the iron industry at Rusk, purchase of state farms, the Texas State Railroad, and routine financial affairs.
Extent 87.85 cubic ft.
Language English.

Agency History

"An Act to Establish a State Penitentiary" was passed in 1848 by the Second Legislature. It authorized the selection of a site and building of a prison. The act established a governing body of the penitentiary as a three-member Board of Directors, appointed by the Governor, with the approval of the Senate. Over the years, the name and composition of the Board changed. In 1881, the Legislature reorganized the prison system, abolishing the Board of Directors, and creating in its place a Penitentiary Board, consisting of the governor, the state treasurer, and the prison superintendent (Chapter 49, 17th Legislature, Regular Session). In April 1883, the administrative system was again reorganized, with the board comprised of the governor and two commissioners appointed by the governor (Chapter 114, 18th Legislature, Regular Session). In 1885, the board composition changed once more, to three commissioners appointed by the governor (House Bill 562, 19th Legislature, Regular Session). This board was succeeded by the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1910, composed of three commissioners appointed by the governor (Senate Bill 10, 31st Legislature, 4th Called Session).

Direct management of the prison was through the Superintendent (also called Inspector for a brief period), appointed by the Governor. In 1853, a financial agent was appointed to handle financial matters. Other officials were added to the system, including assistant superintendents, inspectors of outside camps, and physicians. Of the prison officials, the superintendent and financial agent had the most direct dealings with the Board and Governor in the management of the prison system.

The prison system began as a single institution, located in Huntsville, known as the Huntsville Penitentiary. County sheriffs escorted prisoners there and the convicts were put to work in various shops and factories housed within the institution. One such industry was a cotton/woolen factory, operated prior to, during, and after the Civil War. In addition to supplying its own needs, materials were distributed to counties for the families of military personnel, and, if available, to needy families. Cloth was also sold to Confederate forces when supplies permitted. Other types of industries included the manufacture of shoes, wagons, and furniture. Some farming was done by the prisoners which partially supplied their food needs.

In 1871, following a recommendation of the Reconstruction Convention (Chapter 21, 12th Legislature, 1st Called Session), the penitentiary was leased to private individuals. These men, known as lessees, paid the state for the convict labor and use of facilities, and in turn, managed the system, including clothing and feeding the convicts and paying the guards. The state kept an inspector or superintendent on site to observe the prison operations and report back to the Board or Governor. It was during this period that the outside camp system was firmly established. In addition to the use of convicts in and around the prison, the prisoners were hired out to large labor employers, mainly plantation owners and railroad companies. Brutalities to convicts, especially in these labor camps increased, leading to several internal and legislative investigations undertaken to clarify and correct such situations. Other problems with the lessee system included an increase in escapes, and seemingly less emphasis on or concern with the convicts' personal hygiene and prison sanitation, resulting in a increase in sickness and deaths in the prison population. It was also during this period, in the late 1870s, that the method for conveying prisoners to the penitentiary changed. Instead of county sheriffs or deputies escorting the prisoners, private agents were hired to perform this service, resulting in a large savings for the state ($39 vs. an average of $77.18 per convict).

The need for another prison was recognized during the 1870s as the penitentiary became overcrowded. Rusk Penitentiary, initially known as the East Texas Penitentiary, was built in the late 1870s - early 1880. Its main industry, an iron foundry and blast furnace, was developed with the intention of selling raw iron and iron products. While the iron industry was never very successful, Rusk did supply the iron castings used in construction of the State Capitol.

The state regained direct administrative control of the prison system in 1883. The Board decided to lease some of the prison shops to private individuals and contract out unskilled or surplus convicts to plantation owners, railroad companies, etc. (It was convict labor in a granite quarry which supplied granite used in building the State Capitol.) The goal of the penitentiary Board was to eventually employ all convicts on state account, either in shop industries or on state leased or owned prison farms. In order to achieve this, additional farms were purchased and some shops were renovated or expanded. Some of the state farms were used to house special classes of convicts. One such farm contained male convicts with consumption and other lung diseases. Another housed the female convict population.

In 1893, with the intention of assisting the ailing iron industry at Rusk, construction began on a standard gauge railroad, known as the Texas State Railroad. It was completed to Palestine in 1909/1910 and was somewhat of a failure as a source of revenue. The iron furnace at Rusk had shut down and the railroad did not get the tonnage for haul it had anticipated. After several years of operation, the authority for the railroad was transferred from the Prison Commission to the newly created Office of the Manager of the State Railroad, and later to the new Board of Managers of the State Railroad.

In 1911, under the authority of the Board of Prison Commissioners, the prison system began operating on state account. Prisoners were housed and worked in one of the two prisons or on a state prison farm. The shop industries slowed down while the prison farms expanded. This arrangement made it more difficult to provide education and other reform measures. Such measures were generally practiced at Huntsville, with some teaching extended to a couple of prison farms by the early 1920s. In 1918, the penitentiary at Rusk was closed. The buildings were converted into an asylum for insane blacks. This complex later became the Rusk State Hospital.

The Texas Prison Board replaced the Board of Prison Commissioners in 1927. This Board, along with the prison manager, had exclusive management and control of the system, unlike its predecessors. The Board formulated the policies and the manager carried them out. During their tenure, changes in the system included more emphasis on prison reform, teaching, recreation--including the establishment of the Texas Prison Rodeo--and a new method of classifying prisoners.

Today, the Hunstville Penitentiary still serves as the central institution in the prison system. This system is managed by the Board of Criminal Justice through the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Inmates work in shop industries, on construction projects, and on state farms. They receive occupational skills training through their work and have access to educational programs. Other resocialization measures are available, such as programs involving religion, recreation, and physiological and psychological health care.

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Scope and Content

Types of records include correspondence, reports, financial documents, legal records, and blueprints and maps, dating 1846-1921, and undated. Date gaps within each record type exist. Correspondence consists of incoming letters only, and is scant after 1882. Reports are also few after 1882. Financial documents exist throughout the period but are scant during the 1850s and 1870s. Other record types are scattered throughout.

These records document the state penitentiary system in Texas from the early years through the beginning of the twentieth century. They reflect activities of various penitentiary officials, especially the superintendent and financial agent, and governors involvement with the prison system. A wide range of subjects are covered, including cloth production and distribution during the Civil War, investigations of financial agents, treatment of convicts, conveyance of convicts to the prison, leasing of the prisons, contracting for convict labor, repairs and additions to the Huntsville facilities, construction of Rusk Penitentiary, the iron industry at Rusk, purchase of state farms, the Texas State Railroad, and routine financial affairs. Coverage of the prison system is negligible after 1911, consisting of a few documents through the early 1920s. Documentation after this point is confined to published biennial, annual and other reports. Major topics not covered in these records are the pardon/parole system; the establishment of the House of Correction and Reformatory, an institution for youthful offenders; and the final disposition of the penitentiary at Rusk. Mention of these issues, for the most part, is limited to published biennial reports.

These materials are not the actual records from the prison system. Instead, they consist of materials which, at some point in the past, were removed from records of variousstate agencies, primarily Governor's records, records of the Secretary of State and of the Comptroller.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into eight series and eighteen subseries:
Correspondence concerning the Penitentiary, 1846-1921 (bulk 1860-1882), 1.65 cubic ft.
Reports, 1848-1908, undated (1875-1882), 3.05 cubic ft.
  • Directors/Commissioners, 1848-1880, 0.47 cubic ft.
  • Superintendent/Inspector, [ca. 1860]-1882, undated, 1.81 cubic ft.
  • Assistant Superintendent/Inspector, 1875-1879, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Financial Agent, 1859-1870, 0.15 cubic ft.
  • Physician, 1860-1880, fractional
  • Chaplain, 1875-1876, fractional
  • Special subject reports, 1865-1908, 0.47 cubic ft.
Investigations, 1866-1879, undated, 0.47 cubic ft.
Financial records, 1848-1911, undated, 76.11 cubic ft.
  • Abstracts and supporting documents, 1848-1911, 20.21 cubic ft.
  • Inventories, 1864-1899, 1.41 cubic ft.
  • Payrolls, 1861-1910 (bulk 1883-1910), 44.18 cubic ft.
  • Transportation vouchers, 1861-1910 (bulk 1891-1910), 3.76 cubic ft.
  • Discharge vouchers, 1861-1911 (bulk 1884-1910), 5.64 cubic ft.
  • Other records, 1849-1903, undated, 0.91 cubic ft.
Legal documents, 1848-1913, undated, 1.06 cubic ft.
  • Contracts and agreements, 1866-1913 (bulk 1877-1883), 0.32 cubic ft.
  • Deeds and abstracts, 1848-1878, 0.18 cubic ft.
  • Bonds and oaths, 1861-1888, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Offers and proposals, 1870-1899, undated, 0.36 cubic ft.
  • Other legal documents, 1875, fractional
Blueprints and maps, 1848-1912, undated, 1.91 cubic ft.
Texas State Railroad records, 1909-1921, undated, 0.58 cubic ft.
Miscellaneous records, 1862-1916, undated, 0.79 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Penitentiary.
Texas Prison System.
Rusk State Penitentiary.
Huntsville Penitentiary.
Subjects:
Prisons--Texas.
Convict labor--Texas.
Prison industries--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas--Transfer.
Prisons--Texas--Design and construction.
Prisons--Texas--Finance.
Prisoners--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Officials and employees.
Prisons--Texas--Rusk.
Prisons--Texas--Huntsville.
Freedmen--Texas.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Prisons--1846-1921.
Reports--Texas--Prisons--1846-1921.
Financial records--Texas--Prisons--1846-1921.
Legal documents--Texas--Prisons--1846-1921.
Functions:
Managing prisons.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed , portions of many 19th and early 20th century governors' records concern the prison system and related matters. Search governors' finding aids for prisons, prison system, penitentiary, pardons, clemency, or other similar terms.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Records, 1849-2001, 165.95 cubic ft.
Texas Prison Board, Records of the Texas Prison System, 1913-1933, 1943, undated
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee of Investigation into the Prison Commission and Lease of Blue Ridge Farm, Records, 1919, 3 inches
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee on the Penitentiary, Records, 1863, 1 inch
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee to Investigate the State Penitentiary System, Records, 1925, 6.5 linear ft.
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee to Visit the State Penitentiary, Records, 1887, 1 inch
Texas Legislature, Joint Penitentiary Investigating Committee, Records, 1921, 5 inches
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Penitentiaries, Special Subcommittee to Visit State Penitentiary, Records, 1876, fractional
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee to Investigate the Retrieve Prison Farm, Records, 1935, fractional
Texas Legislature, Senate, Penitentiary Investigating Committee, Records, 1915, 7 inches
Capitol Building Commission, Records, 1879-1889, 8.45 cubic ft.
Strays Collection, Comptroller's Office Strays (specifically folders titled: Correspondence, Texas Prison System), 1931-1932, fractional
Erminia Thompson Folsom Papers, 1856-1965, 3.06 cubic ft.
Texas Comptroller's Office, Records, 1835-1990 (bulk 1836-1921), 1395.77 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1836-1917, 15.18 cubic ft. (also on 13 microfilm reels)
Texas Secretary of State, Statutory Filings Division, Statutory Documents Section, Deeds, abstracts, and deeds of cession of jurisdiction, 1848-1978, 9.12 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Bonds and oaths, 1835-1920, 68.04 cubic ft.
Texas Board of Public Labor, Records, 1866-1867, 1871, fractional
Railroad Commission of Texas, Annual reports of railroad companies, 1859-1867, 1873-1885, 1890-1996, 380.24 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Huntsville
Records of special interest as related to Archives and Information Services Division holdings: [size and dates of these series are unknown]:
Inmate files [contact the Institutional Division]
Historical photographs, Walls Unit [contact the Media Services Unit]
Newton-Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville
Thomas Goree papers [size and dates unknown]
Various other manuscript and photograph collections.
Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Various manuscript collections - check the Center for more information about related holdings
Publications
There are published annual and biennial reports of the Superintendent of the penitentiaries and the directors/commissioners of the penitentiaries for 1853-1855, and 1869-1908 in the Archives Division's Texana Collection. Beginning in 1911, biennial reports of the the Texas Prison System are present, dating 1911-1946 in the Archives. Most of the reports for the 20th century are present in the Reference Collection of the Texas State Library and in many other libraries as well. Names of the reports vary from year to year so they are not listed here.
Texas Legislature, Report of the Commission Appointed by the Governor of Texas, April 10, 1875 to Investigate the Alleged Mismanagement and Cruel Treatment of Convicts, 1875 [a special commission]
Texas Legislature, Report of the Penitentiary Investigation Committee including All Exhibits and Testimony taken by the Committee, 1910 [a joint committee]
Texas Legislature, A Record of Evidence and Statements before the Penitentiary Investigating Committee appointed by the 33rd Legislature of Texas, 1913 [a joint committee]

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: unknown

No accession data exists for these records.

Processing Information

Laura K. Saegert, July 1988, April 2002

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Correspondence concerning the Penitentiary, 1846-1921 (bulk 1860-1882),
1.65 cubic ft.

These are mainly incoming letters, largely directed to the Governor, with some to the Comptroller and other state officials, covering the period 1846-1882, with a few scattered letters through 1921. Also included are a small number of outgoing letters and third party correspondence. These letters reflect the Governor's involvement in Penitentiary affairs, both as the state's chief executive and as a member of the Penitentiary's governing body. Many of the letters are from the Superintendent or Inspector, and relate aspects of prison operations, especially during the lessee period (1870s-1880s primarily), when such communication was the most direct link the Governor or the Board had with the prison. Other correspondents include the financial agent and other prison officials, lessees, contractors, directors, and the general public. Missing are letters to the prison from the Governor and other state officials or any other incoming mail to the prison. The correspondence, however, does document a wide range of penitentiary affairs: routine activities, such as acknowledgements and appointments, as well as public outrage at the shooting of escaping convicts. These letters consist of recommendations, requests and petitions, responses to inquiries, acknowledgements, cover letters, etc.
Subjects covered include the sale and distribution of penitentiary-manufactured cotton and woolen goods, investigations of financial agents' accounts, treatment of convicts, transportation of convicts to the prison, prisoner mutinies and escapes, improvements and repairs needed at the prisons, leasing of the prisons and of convict labor to outside parties, construction of Rusk Penitentiary, the iron industry at Rusk, and acquisition of land for Rusk Penitentiary and state farms. Letters offering land for purchase are in the Legal documents series.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Goree, Thomas Jewett, 1835-1905.
Dudley, N. A. M.
White, H. K.
Campbell, J. K. P.
Corporate Names:
Rusk State Penitentiary--Design and construction.
Subjects:
Escapes--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Maintenance and repair.
Cotton manufacture--Texas--Huntsville.
Woolen goods industry--Texas--Huntsville.
Iron industry and trade--Texas--Rusk.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Prisons--1846-1921.
Functions:
Investigating prisons.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed , portions of many 19th and early 20th century governors' records concern the prison system and related matters. Search governors' finding aids for prisons, prison system, penitentiary, pardons, clemency, or other similar terms.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Records, 1849-2001, 165.95 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Executive record books, 1836-1917, 15.18 cubic ft. (also on 13 microfilm reels)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence concerning the Penitentiary, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
022-1 Correspondence:
1. 1846-1858
2. (early - mid 1860s)
3. 1860-1862
4-5. 1863
6. January - May 1864
7. June - September 1864
8. March - September 1865
9. October - December 1865
10. 1866
11. January - February 1867
12. April - December 1867
13. January - July 1868
14. August - November 1868
15. January - April 1869
16. May - June 1869
17. July - September 1869
18. September 1869
19. October - December 1869
20. 1870s, undated
21. January - May 1870
22. June - July 1870
23. July - September 1870
24. October - November 1870
box folder
022-2 1. 1871 - 1874
2. January - March 1875
3. March 1875
4. April - June 1875
5. July - August 1875
6. October - December 1875
7. January - March 1876
8. May - July 1876
9. August - December 1876
10. December 1876 - January, March 1877
11. January - March 1877
12. March 1877
13. March - April, 1877
14. April 1877
15. April - May 1877
16. May 1877
17. May - June 1877
box folder
022-3 1. July - August 1877
2. August - September 1877
3. October 1877
4. November - December 1877
5. December 1877
6. January 1878
7. February - March 1878
8. March - April 1878
9. May - October 1878
10. October 1878
11. October - December 1878
12. January - April 1879
13. May - June 1879
14. June - July 1879
15. July 1879
16. July - August 1879
17. August - December 1879
box folder
022-4 1. (late 1870s - early 1880s)
2. January - June 1880
3. June - December 1880
4. February - April 1881
5. April - December 1881
6. 1882, 1886
7. 1893
8. 1908
9. 1921

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Reports, 1848-1908, undated (bulk 1875-1882),
3.05 cubic ft.

These consist of biennial, quarterly, monthly, and other reports from the penitentiary, dating 1848-1908 and undated, with the bulk dating 1875-1882. They cover the establishment of the penitentiary through the lessee period, relating the state of affairs at the prison and outside camps in regard to management of the system, financial matters, and condition and treatment of prisoners. Regular reports were prepared by the Board, superintendent or inspector, assistant superintendent or inspector, financial agent, physician, and chaplain. These reports were submitted to the Board and/or the Governor. In addition to these documents, other reports by these individuals regarding prisoner mistreatment and other matters are also present. Additionally, special topical reports by these and other parties are present, concerning investigations of the financial agents in the 1860s, freedmen in the penitentiary at the close of the Civil War, the construction of Rusk Penitentiary, surveying prospective land for a state prison farm, and an engineer's report on Rusk. Reports on investigations at the penitentiaries can be found in the series Investigations.
Organization of the Records
These records are organized into seven series and four sub-series:
Directors/Commissioners, 1848-1880, 0.47 cubic ft.
Superintendent/Inspector, [ca. 1860]-1882, undated, 1.81 cubic ft.
Assistant Superintendent/Inspector, 1875-1879, 0.15 cubic ft.
Financial Agent, 1859-1870, 0.15 cubic ft.
Physician, 1860-1880, fractional
Chaplain, 1875-1876, fractional
Special subject reports, 1865-1908, 0.47 cubic ft.
  • Reports on activities of financial agents, [ca. 1866]-1867
  • Survey of freedmen, 1865-1868
  • Construction of East Texas or Rusk Penitentiary, 1877-1879
  • Other reports, 1899, 1908
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Goree, Thomas Jewett, 1835-1905.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Penitentiary. Board of Directors.
Texas State Penitentiary. Board of Commissioners.
Texas. Penitentiary Board.
Texas State Penitentiary. Office of the Superintendent.
Texas State Penitentiary. Office of the Inspector.
Texas State Penitentiary--Appropriations and expenditures.
Texas State Penitentiary--Accounting.
Rusk State Penitentiary--Design and construction.
Subjects:
Prisoners--Health and hygiene--Texas.
Prisoners--Medical care--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Maintenance and repair.
Escapes--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Accounting.
Prisons--Texas--Inventories.
Prisoners--Religious life--Texas.
Chaplains, Prison--Texas.
Prison physicians--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Design and construction.
Freedmen--Texas.
Document Types:
Reports--Texas--Prisons--1848-1908.
Reports--Texas--Prisons--Religious life--1875-1876.
Reports--Texas--Prisons--Medical care--1860-1880.
Reports--Texas--Prisons--Finance--1859-1870.
Inventories--Texas--Prisons--1859-1870.
Functions:
Investigating prisons.
Managing prisons.
Treating prisoners.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Publications
There are published annual and biennial reports of the Superintendent of the penitentiaries and the directors/commissioners of the penitentiaries for 1853-1855, and 1869-1908 in the Archives Division's Texana Collection. Beginning in 1911, biennial reports of the the Texas Prison System are present, dating 1911-1946 in the Archives. Most of the reports for the 20th century are present in the Reference Collection of the Texas State Library and in many other libraries as well. Names of the reports vary from year to year so they are not listed here.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Directors/Commissioners, 1848-1880,
0.47 cubic ft.
These consist of biennial, monthly, and other reports of the Directors or Commissioners, dating 1848-1880. The reports were directed to the Governor and relate the condition of the penitentiary, either from direct observation by Board members, or reported to them by the superintendent or other prison officials. Both the biennial and monthly reports consist largely of a narrative summation of the state of affairs in the prison system. Most of the biennial reports were published and are not present in the series, the earliest being 1853 - 1855, and consistently from 1870 on. These published reports were comprised of the Board's report, the superintendent's report and those of other prison officials. Manuscript copies of unpublished reports prior to this time usually only consist of the Board's report. A few may also contain the superintendent's report.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Directors/Commissioners, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-4 10. Commissioners, report on locating site for penitentiary, July 1848
11. Director, reports on organization and construction of penitentiary, October 1849
12. Director, report on condition of penitentiary July 1850
13. Commissioners, report on condition of penitentiary, 1860
14. Directors, biennial report, [January, 1860] - September 1861
15. Directors, biennial report, September - October 1861[?] - September 1863
16. Commissioners, report on financial condition of penitentiary, September 1865
17. Directors, biennial report, March 1874 - March 1876
18. Directors, report on mistreatment of convicts from O. & H.R.R. camp, July 1875
19. Directors, report on furnishing convict camp with supplies ca. 1875
20. Directors, report on large number of escapes and repairs needed, January 1876
21. Directors, report on circumstances surrounding death of a convict, April 1876
22. Commissioners, monthly report, April 1877
23. Commissioners, report on mistreatment of convicts, May 1877
24. Commissioners, monthly report:
24. June 1877
25. July 1877
26. August 1877
27. September 1877
28. October 1877
29. November 1877
30. December 1877
box folder
022-5 1. January 1878
2. February 1878
3. March 1878
4. April 1878
5. May 1878
6. June 1878
7. July 1878
8. August 1878
9. September 1878
10. October 1878
11. November 1878
12. Directors and superintendent, joint biennial report, December 1878 - February 1880
13. Commissioners, monthly report, January 1879
14. Commissioners, monthly report, February 1879
15. Directors, report on improvements needed, April 1879
16. Directors, monthly reports, June - September 1879
17. Directors, monthly reports, October 1879 - January 1880
Superintendent/Inspector, [ca. 1860]-1882, undated,
1.81 cubic ft.
These consist of biennial, monthly, and other reports of the Superintendent/Inspector, dating from ca. 1860 to 1882, and undated. This position began as superintendent, remaining as such until 1871, the start of the lessee period, when the title changed to Inspector. In 1878, the title reverted back to Superintendent. This individual reported to the Governor biennially and at the end of each month on the conditions at the penitentiary. The most numerous group of reports are monthly reports. Typically, these consist of a narrative statement on the prison's operations, accompanied by a series of statistical tables, which provide data on the prisoners received, discharged, escaped, recaptured, and those hospitalized; clothing and provisions issued; transportation vouchers paid; and the number of convicts on hand during the month, including a breakdown by location. Biennial reports contain much of the same information, and usually include reports of the assistant superintendents or inspectors, physician, and chaplain. The biennial reports, along with the Board's reports, were usually published from 1870 on. Only a couple of unpublished manuscript reports are present in these records. Some other records are present, generally concerning the management by the lessees or the treatment of prisoners. These were often submitted in response to a request from the Governor or Board. The superintendent during the majority of this period was Thomas Goree.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Superintendent/Inspector, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Superintendent
box folder
022-5 18. Report on general condition of penitentiary, late 1850s-1860s
19. Biennial report, 1861
20. List of convicts in the penitentiary (probably part of a biennial report), undated
21. Report on property under his charge, May 1867
22. Report on inspection of convicts employed on railroad, May 1870
23. Report on condition of penitentiary and duties of his office, December 1870
Inspector
box folder
022-5 24. Monthly report, [1870s]
25. Remarks relating to monthly report, October 1874
26. Monthly report, January - April 1875
27. Report regarding killing of a guard, April 1875
28. Statement on prison terms of convicts, May 1875
box folder
022-6 1. Monthly reports, May - July 1875
Report on condition of convicts at O.H. & R.R. camp:
2. June 1875
3. July 1875
4. August 1875
Monthly report:
5. August 1875
6. September 1875
7. October 1875
8. Report on lessee failure to comply with their contracts, October 1875
9. Monthly report, November 1875
10. December 1875
11. December 1876
12. January 1877
13. February 1877
14. March 1877
Superintendent
box folder
022-6 15. Monthly report, April 1877
16. Superintendent and Commissioners monthly report, May 1877
Monthly report:
17. June 1877
18. July 1877
19. August 1877
20. September 1877
21. October 1877
22. November 1877
23. December 1877
24. January 1878
25. February 1878
26. March 1878
27. April 1878
28. May 1878
29. June 1878
30. July 1878
box folder
022-7 1. August 1878
2. September 1878
3. October 1878
4. November 1878
5. Report with suggestions for prison's management and prisoner transportation, January 1879
6. January 1879
7. February 1879
8. March 1879
9. April 1879
10. May 1879
11. June 1879
12. July 1879
13. August 1879
14. September 1879
15. October 1879
16. November 1879
17. December 1879
18. January 1880
19. February 1880
20. March 1880
21. April 1880
22. May 1880
box folder
022-8 1. June 1880
2. July 1880
3. August 1880
4. September 1880
5. October 1880
6. November 1880
7. December 1880
8. January 1881
9. February 1881
10. March 1881
11. May 1881
12. June 1881
13. July 1881
14. August 1881
15. List of convicts under 17 years of age, August 1881
Monthly report:
16. September 1881
17. October 1881
18. November 1881
19. December 1881
20. January 1882
21. February 1882
22. March 1882
23. April 1882
box folder
022-9 1. May 1882
2. June 1882
3. July 1882
4. August 1882
5. September 1882
6. October 1882
7. November 1882
Assistant Superintendent/Inspector, 1875-1879,
0.15 cubic ft.
These consist of monthly and other reports of the Assistant Superintendent/Inspector, dating 1875-1879. These reports cover part of the lessee period, during which this officer's primary duty was to oversee the treatment and discipline of convicts in the outside camps. He reported monthly and biennially to the superintendent. As with his supervising officer, this position changed titles, from assistant superintendent to assistant inspector in 1871, and back to assistant superintendent in 1878. The monthly reports consist of a narrative statement on the condition and treatment of convicts in the outside camps. Other reports discuss the same topic, and were usually submitted in response to a request from the superintendent, Board, or Governor. Published biennial reports by the assistant superintendent or inspector are included with those of other officers in the Board's report to the Governor.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Assistant Superintendent/Inspector, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-9 8. Assistant inspector, report on condition of convicts, December 1875
Assistant inspector, monthly reports:
9. May 1876
10. June 1876
11. July 1876
12. November 1876
13. December 1876
14. January 1877
15. February 1877
16. Assistant inspector, report on stocking of prisoner at convict camp, May 1877
Assistant superintendent:
17. Report on treatment of convicts at Mineola camp, July 1879
18. Report on condition of certain convict camps, July 1879
19. Report on conditions at certain convict camps, September 1879
Financial Agent, 1859-1870,
0.15 cubic ft.
These consist of biennial, quarterly, and other reports of the Financial Agent, dating 1859-1870. Quarterly reports were submitted to the Comptroller and biennial reports to the Board and/or Governor. The agent reported on the financial condition of the penitentiary, including statements of expenditures, disbursements, goods and cash received, goods manufactured and distributed, an inventory of provisions and property, and usually, a narrative summary. Many of the materials in the Financial Records series were probably at one time part of the financial agent's quarterly, and later monthly reports. At some time in the past, these materials were disassembled and rearranged, destroying the original order.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Financial Agent, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Financial agent
box folder
022-9 20. Biennial report, September 1859 - [1861?]
21. Biennial report, December 1861 - August 1863
22. Quarterly report, June - August 1862
23. Quarterly report, December 1862 - February 1863
24. Report on financial condition, January 1863
25. Report on assets, April 1863
26. Financial statement on condition, December 1863
27. Quarterly report, December 1864 - February 1865
28. Report on conditions, April 1869
29. Quarterly report, September - November 1870
Physician, 1860-1880,
fractional
These consist of biennial, annual, and other reports of the prison physician, dating 1860-1880. The physician reported to the superintendent on the medical condition of the convicts, cases hospitalized, surgeries performed, and measures which could be taken to improve the health and sanitation of the prison. These reports consist of a narrative statement and tables. The biennial reports were published and included with those of other officers in the Board's report to the Governor.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Physician, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-9a 1-3. Physican annual reports, 1860, 1861, 1870
4. List of convicts deceased when admitted to penitentiary, [1870-1871]
5. Report on medical condition of men returned from O. & H.R.R. camp, July 1875
6. Physican biennial report, September 1874 - February 1876
7. List of patients and their medical condition, ca. 1877
8. Physican [annual?] report, May 1879 - February 1880
Chaplain, 1875-1876,
fractional
These consist of two reports of the prison chaplain, dating 1875-1876. The chaplain reported to the superintendent on the duties performed by him, the spiritual well being and morale of the convicts, and measures which could be taken to improve the convicts morale and religious activities in the penitentiary. Published biennial reports of the chaplain are included with those of the other officers in the Board's report to the Governor.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Chaplain, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-9 30. Chaplain, report on his activities, June 1875 - January 1876
31. Chaplain, annual report, 1876
Special subject reports, 1865-1908,
0.47 cubic ft.
These are subject reports by various officials or outsiders, dating 1865-1908. There is a series of reports on the activities of two financial agents of the penitenitary, a survey of freedmen in the prison just after the Civil War, and several inspection reports and other items concerning the construction of the East Texas or Rusk Penitentiary.
Organization of the Records
These records are organized into four subseries:
Reports on activities of financial agents, [ca. 1866]-1867
Survey of freedmen, 1865-1868
Construction of East Texas or Rusk Penitentiary, 1877-1879
Other reports, 1899, 1908
Reports on activities of financial agents, [ca. 1866]-1867
These are reports on the activities of two finanical agents, dating ca. 1866-1867. During the mid 1860s, the management of the penitentiary's financial affairs was questioned. The accounts of two financial agents during this period were investigated. These investigations were conducted by either independent reviewers or the Comptroller's Office. Results were reported to the Governor or, in one case, the Attorney General. Interrogations of witnesses in these investigations are in the Investigations series.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports on activities of financial agents, Special subject reports, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
022-10 Reports on activities of financial agent S. B. Hendricks:
1-2. ca. 1866
3. October 1866
4. response of Hendricks to accusations, October 1867
5. Report on activities of financial agent G. W. Sinks, ca. 1866-1867
Survey of freedman, 1865-1868
These materials concern a survey of freedmen and women sent to the penitentiary shortly after the Civil War--late 1865 to mid 1867. Dates of the records are 1865-1868. At the Governor's request, counties supplied information regarding these individuals--their names, offense, date of conviction, and prison term. In some cases, copies of the original judgement and sentencing were included. Replies were directed to the Governor or his private secretary, dating from late 1867 through early 1868. Supplementing the responses is a list of freedmen and women in the penitentiary in November 1866. A few letters from the superintendent regarding particular cases are present.
Arrangement
These materials are arranged alphabetically by county.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Survey of freedmen, Special subject reports, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Survey of freedmen
box folder
022-10 7. Letter from superintendent regarding several cases, December 1867
8. Anderson - Cameron Counties, 1867-1868
9. Colorado - Ellis Counties, 1867-1868
10. Falls - Galveston Counties, 1867-1868
11. Grayson - Matagorda Counties, 1867-1868
12. McLennan - Rusk Counties, 1867
13. Red River - Williamson Counties, 1867-1868
Construction of East Texas or Rusk Penitentiary, 1877-1879
These reports concern the plans, specifications and construction of the penitentiary at Rusk, also known as the East Texas Penitentiary. Dates covered are 1877-1879. Reports from the state architect and an architectural firm regarding the plans and specifications begin this series of reports. Following are monthly progress reports to the Governor, prepared by the East Texas Penitentiary Inspectors. Nearing the completion of the construction, the inspector submitted a report summarizing the work done, from the site selection through the construction. This report is accompanied by a map showing the lands used by the state, either for buildings or rights of way, and a map showing the location of the buildings. See the series Blueprints and Maps for the actual plans and specifications.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Construction of East Texas or Rusk Penitentiary, Special subject reports, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-10 14. State architect, report on quality of plans and specifications for Rusk, February 1877
15. Preston and Ruffini, report on quality of plans and specifications for Rusk, February 1877
16. Architectural review committee, accepting plans and specifications for Rusk, March 1877
Inspectors, East Texas Penitentiary, monthly reports:
17. April - September 1877
18. October 1877 - April 1878
19. May - September 1878
20. Inspector, East Texas Penitentiary, summary report on construction, January 1879
21. Inspector, East Texas Penitentiary, report on completion of Rusk Penitentiary, January 1879
Other reports, 1899, 1908
These are two reports, one concerning locating land for a state prison farm, the other is an Engineer's report on Rusk Penitentiary. Dates covered are 1899 and 1908.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other reports, Special subject reports, Reports, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-10 22. Inspector, report on suitability of land for a state prison farm, 1899
23. Engineer's Report on Rusk Penitentiary, 1908

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Investigations, 1866-1879, undated,
0.47 cubic ft.

These materials consist of testimony and interrogations taken during investigations concerning the penitentiary, dating 1866-1879 and undated. The earliest documents involve the investigation of a financial agent's accounts by an outside auditor. The other investigations relate to the treatment and condition of convicts, both in the penitentiary and outside camps. Testimony was taken before penitentiary officials in one case, and a Governor-appointed committtee headed by the Assistant Attorney General, in another case. The remaining documents consist of notes of penitentiary officials or lessees testimonies. Related materials, in some cases summary reports, can be found in the Reports series and also the series, Correspondence concerning the Penitentiary.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Investigations.
Prisoners--Health and hygiene--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Finance.
Document Types:
Testimonies--Texas--Prisons--1866-1879.
Functions:
Investigating prisons.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Records, 1849-2001, 165.95 cubic ft.
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee of Investigation into the Prison Commission and Lease of Blue Ridge Farm, Records, 1919, 3 inches
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee on the Penitentiary, Records, 1863, 1 inch
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee to Investigate the State Penitentiary System, Records, 1925, 6.5 linear ft.
Texas Legislature, Joint Committee to Visit the State Penitentiary, Records, 1887, 1 inch
Texas Legislature, Joint Penitentiary Investigating Committee, Records, 1921, 5 inches
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee on Penitentiaries, Special Subcommittee to Visit State Penitentiary, Records, 1876, fractional linear ft.
Texas Legislature, House of Representatives, Committee to Investigate the Retrieve Prison Farm, Records, 1935, fractional linear ft.
Texas Legislature, Senate, Penitentiary Investigating Committee, Records, 1915, 7 inches
Publications
Catalog (call) numbers are for reports housed in the Texana Collection of the Texas State Archives.
Legislature, Report of the Commission Appointed by the Governor of Texas, April 10, 1875 to Investigate the Alleged Mismanagement and Cruel Treatment of Convicts, 1875 [a special commission]
Legislature, Report of the Penitentiary Investigation Committee including All Exhibits and Testimony taken by the Committee, 1910 [a joint committee]
Legislature, A Record of Evidence and Statements before the Penitentiary Investigating Committee appointed by the 33rd Legislature of Texas, 1913 [a joint committee]
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Investigations, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
022-11 Investigation of financial agent S.B. Hendricks:
1. November 1866, undated
2. January 1867
3. February 1867
4-8b. Testimony re: condition of penitentiary, before Assistant Attorney General, April 1875
[Note: For years the last pages of this report (number unknown at the time) were missing. They were discovered misfiled in a file of legislative papers in July 2002 and were added to this finding aid on July 10, 2002. They constitute over 40 additional pages to the report.]
9. Testimony re: treatment of convicts, from H.K. White, Thomas Goree, and Colonel Ward, ca. 1876
10-12. Testimony re: treatment of convicts at wood camp in Mineola. Taken before superintendent and assistant superintendent, 1879

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Financial records, 1848-1911, undated,
76.11 cubic ft.

These records consist largely of abstracts, payrolls, inventories and property returns, discharge vouchers, and transportation vouchers. Other materials include claims against the penitentiary, convict overtime payrolls, estimates, blank forms, Comptroller's instructions, powers of attorney, an account ledger, and a daily journal. Dates covered are 1848-1911 and undated. These records document routine financial matters of the state penitentiary system. Materials were submitted to or prepared by the financial agent, then submitted to the Comptroller.
Organization of the Records
The materials are arranged into six sub-series:
Abstracts and supporting documents, 1848-1911, undated, 20.21 cubic ft.
Inventories, 1864-1899, 1.41 cubic ft.
Payrolls, 1861-1910 (bulk 1883-1910), 44.18 cubic ft.
Transportation vouchers, 1861-1910 (bulk 1891-1910), 3.76 cubic ft.
Discharge vouchers, 1861-1911 (bulk 1884-1910), 5.64 cubic ft.
Other records, 1849-1903, undated, 0.91 cubic ft.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Penitentiary--Appropriations and expenditures.
Texas State Penitentiary--Accounting.
Texas State Penitentiary--Officials and employees--Salaries, etc.
Texas Prison System--Appropriations and expenditures.
Texas Prison System--Accounting.
Texas Prison System--Officials and employees--Salaries, etc.
Subjects:
Prisons--Texas--Accounting.
Prisons--Texas--Officials and employees.
Prison release gratuities--Texas.
Wages--Correctional personnel--Texas.
Wages--Inmate guards--Texas.
Prisons--Texas--Finance.
Prisoners--Texas--Transfer.
Prisons--Texas--Inventories.
Cotton manufacture--Texas--Huntsville.
Woolen goods industry--Texas--Huntsville.
Prison industries--Texas.
Document Types:
Financial records--Texas--Prisons--1848-1911.
Vouchers--Texas--Prisons--Transfer--1861-1910.
Vouchers--Texas--Prison release gratuities--1861-1911.
Inventories--Texas--Prisons--1864-1899.
Payrolls--Texas--Prisons--1861-1910.
Vouchers--Texas--Prisons--1861-1910.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed , portions of many 19th and early 20th century governors' records concern the prison system and related matters. Search governors' finding aids for prisons, prison system, penitentiary, pardons, clemency, or other similar terms.
Capitol Building Commission, Records, 1879-1889, 8.45 cubic ft.
Strays Collection, Comptroller's Office Strays (specifically folders titled: Correspondence, Texas Prison System), 1931-1932, fractional
Texas Comptroller's Office, Records, 1835-1990 (bulk 1836-1921), 1395.77 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and the subseries), Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Abstracts and supporting documents, 1848-1911, undated,
20.21 cubic ft.
These records consists of abstracts, vouchers, statements of accounts with individuals, statements of accounts current, bills and receipts from the late 1840s through the early 1870s, bills of lading from the early to mid 1860s, and some payrolls. Overall date coverage is 1848-1911 and undated. These materials constitute a fairly complete record of the financial transactions at the state penitentiaries. There are abstracts of disbursements, expenditures, cash received, goods received, articles expended, articles lost or destroyed, sales, labor, wood hauled, and goods manufactured at penitentiary factories and workshops. Some early payrolls, 1840s - 1860s, are in these records, as they were part of a multi-page document. This is also the case for some early lists of articles transferred between the superintendent and financial agent, dating from the mid to late 1860s. A small set of documents from the mid 1860s document the penitentiary's role in cloth production. These include abstracts of goods manufactured, goods received, goods sold or distributed, vouchers, and daily statements of cloth production. The majority of the payrolls are in the subseries Payrolls.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Abstracts and supporting documents, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-12 1. Abstracts, 1848-1849
2. Abstracts, 1849
3. Abstracts, 1849-1850
Supporting documents:
4. 1858-1860
5. 1861
6. January - July 1861
7. August - September 1861
8. October 1861
9. November 1861
10. December 1861
11. Cloth production, May 1861 - August 1865
12. December 1861 - December 1863
13. 1861-1862
14. January 1862
15. February 1862
16-17. March 1862
18. April 1862
19-20. May 1862
21-22. June 1862
23-24. July 1862
25-26. August 1862
27-29. September 1862
box folder
022-13 1-2. October 1862
3. November 1862
4-5. December 1862
6. 1862-1863
7. Abstracts, 1863
Supporting documents:
8-9. January 1863
10. February 1863
11. March 1863
12-13. April 1863
14-16. May 1863
17-20. June 1863
21-22. July 1863
23-24. August 1863
box folder
022-14 1. September - December 1863
2. 1863
3. December 1863 - November 1864
4. December 1863 - August 1865
5-6. January 1864
7. February 1864
8-9. March 1864
10-11. April 1864
12-13. May 1864
14-15. June 1864
16-18. July 1864
19-20. August 1864
21. Abstracts and payrolls, September 1864 - August 1865
Supporting documents:
22. September 1864 - August 1865
23. September 1864
24-25. October 1864
box folder
022-15 1. Cloth production, October - December 1864
2. Cloth production, October 1864 - May 1865
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, cloth production, November 1864
4. Supporting documents, November 1864
5. Abstracts, December 1864 - February 1865
Supporting documents:
6-8. December 1864 - February 1865
9. December 1864 - August 1865
10. Cloth production, December 1864, undated
11. 1864-1865
12. February - September 1865
13. Abstracts, cloth production, December 1864 - February 1865
14. Abstract, cloth production, March - May 1865
Supporting documents:
15. March - May 1865
16. March 1865
17. April 1865
18-19. May 1865
20. Abstracts and supporting documents, cloth production, March - November 1865
Supporting documents, cloth production:
21. February - December 1865
22. March 1865
23. April 1865
24. May 1865
25. Abstracts, June - August 1865
Supporting documents:
26. June - August 1865
27. June 1865
28-30. July 1865
31. August 1865
Supporting documents, cloth production:
32. June 1865
33. July 1865
34. August 1865
box folder
022-16 1. Abstracts, September 1865
2. Abstracts, September - November 1865
3. Supporting documents, September - November 1865
4. Supporting documents, September 1865 - September 1866
Supporting documents, cloth production:
5. September 1865 - September 1866
6. September - November 1865
7. Supporting documents, October - November 1865
8. Abstracts, December 1865 - February 1866
9. Supporting documents, December 1865 - February 1866
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, cloth production, December 1865 - February 1866
11. Abstracts, March - May 1866
12-13. Supporting documents, March - May 1866
14. Supporting documents, cloth production, March - May 1866
15. Abstracts, June - August 1866
Supporting documents:
16. June - September 1866
17. July - October 1866
18. Cloth production, June - September 1866
19. Abstracts, September 1866
Supporting documents:
20. September - November 1866
21. September 1866 - May 1867
22. Cloth production, September 1866 - February 1867
23. Abstracts, October 1866
24. Supporting documents, October 1866
25. Abstracts, November 1866
26. Abstracts, December 1866
27. Supporting documents, December 1866 - February 1867
28. Supporting documents, cloth production, December 1866 - February 1867
29. Abstracts, January 1867
30. Supporting documents, January 1867
31. Abstracts, February 1867
32. Abstracts, March 1867
33. Supporting documents, March - May 1867
34. Supporting documents, cloth production, March - May 1867
Abstracts:
35. April 1867
36. May 1867
37. June 1867
38. Supporting documents, June - July 1867
39. Supporting documents, cloth production, June - July 1867
40. Abstracts, July 1867
41. Supporting documents, September, December 1867
42. Supporting documents, 1868
43. Abstracts, January - June 1868
44. Supporting documents, January - June 1868
45. Supporting documents, cloth production, January - June 1868
46. Abstracts and supporting documents, cloth production, May - September 1868
47. Abstracts, June - September 1868
48. Supporting documents, June - November 1868
box folder
022-17 1-5. Abstracts, February - April 1869
6-7. Supporting documents, February - April 1869
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, February - April 1869
9-11. Abstracts, May - July 1869
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, May - July 1869
13-14. Supporting documents, May - July 1869
15. Abstracts, June 1869
16. Supporting documents, June 1869
17. Supporting documents, June - December 1869
18. Abstracts, July 1869
19. Supporting documents, July 1869
20. Abstracts, August 1869
21. Supporting documents, August 1869
22-23. Abstracts, September 1869
24. Supporting documents, September 1869
25. Abstracts, October - December 1869
box folder
022-18 1-2. Abstracts, October - December 1869
3. Supporting documents, October - December 1869
4. Abstracts, 1870s
5-9. Abstracts, January - March 1870
10. Supporting documents, January - March 1870
11-13. Abstracts, April - June 1870
14. Supporting documents, April - June 1870
15-17. Abstracts, July - August 1870
18. Supporting documents, July - August 1870
19-20. Abstracts, September - November 1870
box folder
022-19 1. Abstracts, September - November 1870
2-3. Supporting documents, September - November 1870
4. Abstracts, September 1870 - July 1871
5. Supporting documents, September 1870 - December 1871
6-7. Abstracts, December 1870 - March 3, 1871
8. Supporting documents, December 1870 - March 3, 1871
9-10. Abstracts, March - May 1871
11. Supporting documents, March - May 1871
12. Abstracts, June - August 1871
13. Abstracts, July - December 1871
Supporting documents:
14. June - August 1871
15. September - December 1871
16. April 1872
17. August 1875
Supporting documents, accounts for:
18. February 1878
19. March 1878
20. April 1878
21. May 1878
22. June 1878
23. July 1878
box folder
022-20 1. August 1878
2. September 1878
3. October 1878
4. November 1878
5. December 1878
6. January 1879
7. February - March 1879
8. April - May 1879
9. June 1879
10. July 1879
11. August - September 1879
12. October 1879
13. November - December 1879
14. January 1880
15. February 1880
16. March 1880
17. April 1880
18. May 1880
19. June 1880
20. July 1880
21. August 1880
22. September 1880
23. October 1880
24. November 1880
25. December 1880
26. January - March 1881
27. June - December 1881
28. November 1881 - April 1882
29. January - February 1882
30. March - May 1882
31. June 1882
32. July 1882
33. August 1882
34. September - October 1882
35. Supporting documents, September 1882 - June 1883
36. Supporting documents, accounts for November 1882
37. Supporting documents, accounts for December 1882
Abstracts and supporting documents:
38. May - June 1883
39. July 1883
40. August 1883
41. September 1883
42. October 1883
43. November 1883
box folder
022-21 1. December 1883
2. January 1884
3. Abstracts, February 1884
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1884
5. Abstracts, April 1884
6. Abstracts, May 1884
7. Supporting documents, June 1884
8. Abstracts, August 1884
9. Abstracts, September 1884
10. Abstracts, October 1884
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1884
Abstracts:
12. January 1885
13. February 1885
14. March 1885
15. April 1885
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1885
17. Supporting documents, June 1885
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1885
19. Supporting documents, August 1885
20-21. Abstracts, September 1885
22. Supporting documents, September 1885
23. Abstracts, October 1885
24-25. Supporting documents, October 1885
26-27. Abstracts, November 1885
box folder
022-22 1. Abstracts, January 1886
2. Supporting documents, January 1886
3. Abstracts, February 1886
4. Abstracts, March 1886
5. Supporting documents, May 1886
6. Abstracts, June 1886
7. Abstracts, July 1886
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1886
9. Abstracts, September 1886
10. Abstracts, October 1886
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1886
12. Abstracts, November 1886
13. Supporting documents, November 1886
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1886
15. Abstracts, January 1887
Abstracts and supporting documents:
16. February 1887
17. March 1887
18. April 1887
19. May 1887
20. June 1887
box folder
022-23 1. July 1887
2. August 1887
3. September 1887
4. Abstracts, October 1887
5. Abstracts, November 1887
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1887
7. Abstracts, December 1887
Abstracts and supporting documents:
8. December 1887
9. January 1888
10-11. Abstracts, February 1888
12. Abstracts, March 1888
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1888
14. Abstracts, April 1888
Abstracts and supporting documents:
15. April 1888
16. May 1888
box folder
022-24 1. Abstracts, June 1888
2. Abstracts, July 1888
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1888
4. Abstracts, August 1888
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1888
6. Abstracts, September 1888
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1888
8-9. Abstracts, October 1888
10. Abstracts, November 1888
Abstracts and supporting documents:
11. November 1888
12. December 1888
13-14. Abstracts, January 1889
Abstracts and supporting documents:
15. February 1889
16. March 1889
17. April 1889
box folder
022-25 1. Abstracts, May 1889
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1889
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1889
4. Abstracts, July 1889
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1889
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1889
7-8. Abstracts, September 1889
9. Abstracts, October 1889
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1889
11-12. Abstracts, November 1889
13. Abstracts, December 1889
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1889
15. Abstracts, January 1890
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1890
17. Abstracts, February 1890
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1890
box folder
022-26 1. Abstracts, March 1890
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1890
3. Abstracts, April 1890
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1890
5. Abstracts, May 1890
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1890
7. Abstracts, June 1890
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1890
9. Abstracts, July 1890
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1890
11. Abstracts, August 1890
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1890
13. Abstracts, September 1890
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1890
15. Abstracts, October 1890
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1890
17. Abstracts, November 1890
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1890
19. Abstracts, December 1890
20. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1890
21. Abstracts, January 1891
22. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1891
box folder
022-27 1. Abstracts, February 1891
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1891
3. Abstracts, March 1891
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1891
5. Abstracts, April 1891
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1891
7. Abstracts, May 1891
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1891
9-10. Abstracts, June 1891
11. Abstracts, July 1891
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1891
13. Abstracts, August 1891
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1891
15. Abstracts, September 1891
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1891
17. Abstracts, October 1891
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1891
19. Abstracts, November 1891
20. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1891
box folder
022-28 1. Abstracts, December 1891
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1891
3-4. Abstracts, January 1892
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1892
6-7. Abstracts, February 1892
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1892
9. Abstracts, March 1892
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1892
11-12. Abstracts, April 1892
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1892
14-15. Abstracts, May 1892
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1892
17-18. Abstracts, June 1892
19. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1892
box folder
022-29 1-2. Abstracts, July 1892
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1892
4-5. Abstracts, August 1892
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1892
7-8. Abstracts, September 1892
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1892
10-11. Abstracts, October 1892
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1892
13-14. Abstracts, November 1892
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1892
16. Abstracts, December 1892
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1892
18-19. Abstracts, January 1893
20. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1893
21. Abstracts, February 1893
22. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1893
box folder
022-30 1-2. Abstracts, March 1893
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1893
4-5. Abstracts, April 1893
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1893
7-8. Abstracts, May 1893
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1893
10-11. Abstracts, June 1893
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1893
13. Abstracts, July 1893
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1893
15-16. Abstracts, August 1893
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1893
18-19. Abstracts, September 1893
20-21. Abstracts, November 1893
22. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1893
box folder
022-31 1-2. Abstracts, December 1893
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1893
4. Abstracts, January 1894
5-6. Abstracts, February 1894
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1894
8. Abstracts, March 1894
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1894
10. Abstracts, April 1894
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1894
12. Abstracts, May 1894
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1894
14. Abstracts, June 1894
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1894
16. Abstracts, July 1894
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1894
18. Abstracts, August 1894
19. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1894
box folder
022-32 1. Abstracts, September 1894
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1894
3. Abstracts, October 1894
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1894
5. Abstracts, November 1894
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1894
Abstracts:
7-8. December 1894
9-10. January 1-15, 1895
11. January 15-31, 1895
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, January, 15-31, 1895
13-14. Abstracts, February 1895
15. Abstracts, March 1895
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1895
17. Abstracts, April 1895
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1895
box folder
022-33 1. Abstracts, May 1895
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1895
3. Abstracts, June 1895
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1895
5. Abstracts, July 1895
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1895
7. Abstracts, August 1895
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1895
9. Abstracts, September 1895
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1895
11. Abstracts, October 1895
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1895
13. Abstracts, November 1895
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1895
15. Abstracts, December 1895
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1895
box folder
022-34 1. Abstracts, January 1896
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1896
3. Abstracts, February 1896
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1896
5. Abstracts, March 1896
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1896
7. Abstracts, April 1896
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1896
9. Abstracts, May 1896
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1896
11. Abstracts, June 1896
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1896
13. Abstracts, July 1896
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1896
15-16. Abstracts, August 1896
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1896
box folder
022-35 1. Abstracts, September 1896
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1896
3. Abstracts, October 1896
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1896
5. Abstracts, November 1896
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1896
7. Abstracts, December 1896
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1896
9. Abstracts, January 1897
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1897
11. Abstracts, February 1897
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1897
13. Abstracts, March 1897
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1897
15. Abstracts, April 1897
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1897
box folder
022-36 1. Abstracts, May 1897
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1897
3. Supporting documents, June 1897
4. Abstracts, July 1897
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1897
6. Abstracts, August 1897
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1897
8. Abstracts, September 1897
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1897
10. Abstracts, October 1897
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1897
12. Abstracts, November 1897
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1897
14. Abstracts, December 1897
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1897
box folder
022-37 1. Abstracts, January 1898
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1898
3. Abstracts, February 1898
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1898
5. Abstracts, March 1898
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1898
7. Abstracts, April 1898
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1898
9. Abstracts, May 1898
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1898
11. Abstracts, June 1898
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1898
13. Abstracts, July 1898
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1898
box folder
022-38 1. Abstracts, August 1898
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1898
3. Abstracts, September 1898
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1898
5. Abstracts, October 1898
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1898
7. Abstracts, November 1898
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1898
9. Abstracts, December 1898
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1898
11. Abstracts, January 1899
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1899
13. Abstracts, February 1899
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1899
15. Abstracts, March 1899
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1899
17-18. Abstracts, April 1899
box folder
022-39 1. Abstracts, May 1899
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1899
3. Abstracts, June 1899
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1899
5. Abstracts, July 1899
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1899
7. Abstracts, August 1899
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1899
9. Abstracts, September 1899
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1899
11. Supporting documents, October 1899
12. Abstracts, November 1899
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1899
14. Abstracts, December 1899
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1899
16. Supporting documents, 1899
box folder
022-40 1. Abstracts, January 1900
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1900
3. Abstracts, February 1900
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1900
5. Abstracts, March 1900
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1900
7. Abstracts, April 1900
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1900
9. Abstracts, May 1900
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1900
11. Abstracts, June 1900
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1900
13. Abstracts, July 1900
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1900
15. Abstracts, August 1900
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1900
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1900
box folder
022-41 1. Abstracts, October 1900
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1900
3. Abstracts, November 1900
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1900
5. Abstracts, December 1900
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1900
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1901
8. Abstracts, February 1901
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1901
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1901
11. Abstracts, April 1901
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1901
13. Abstracts, May 1901
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1901
15. Abstracts, June 1901
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1901
17. Abstracts, July 1901
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1901
19. Abstracts, August 1901
20. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1901
box folder
022-42 1. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1901
2. Abstracts, October 1901
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1901
4. Abstracts, November 1901
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1901
6. Abstracts, December 1901
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1901
8. Abstracts, January 1902
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1902
10. Abstracts, February 1902
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1902
12. Abstracts, March 1902
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1902
14. Abstracts, April 1902
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1902
16. Abstracts, May 1902
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1902
18. Abstracts, June 1902
19. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1902
box folder
022-2 20. Abstracts, July 1902
box folder
022-42 21. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1902
22. Abstracts, August 1902
23. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1902
box folder
022-43 1. Abstracts, September 1902
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1902
3. Abstracts, October 1902
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1902
5. Abstracts, November 1902
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1902
7. Abstracts, December 1902
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1902
9. Abstracts, January 1903
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1903
11. Abstracts, February 1903
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1903
13-14. Abstracts, March 1903
15. Abstracts, April 1903
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1903
17. Abstracts, May 1903
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1903
box folder
022-44 1. Abstracts, June 1903
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1903
3. Abstracts, July 1903
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1903
5. Abstracts, August 1903
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1903
7. Abstracts, September 1903
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1903
9. Abstracts, October 1903
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1903
11-12. Abstracts, November 1903
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1903
14. Abstracts, December 1903
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1903
box folder
022-45 1. Abstracts, January 1904
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1904
3. Abstracts, February 1904
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1904
5. Abstracts, March 1904
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1904
7. Abstracts, April 1904
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1904
9. Abstracts, May 1904
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1904
11. Abstracts, June 1904
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1904
13. Abstracts, July 1904
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1904
box folder
022-46 1. Abstracts, August 1904
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1904
3. Abstracts, September 1904
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1904
5. Abstracts, October 1904
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1904
7. Abstracts, November 1904
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1904
9. Abstracts, December 1904
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1904
11. Abstracts, January 1905
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1905
13. Abstracts, February 1905
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1905
box folder
022-47 1. Abstracts, March 1905
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1905
3. Abstracts, April 1905
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1905
5. Abstracts, May 1905
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1905
7. Abstracts, June 1905
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1905
9. Abstracts, July 1905
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1905
11. Abstracts, August 1905
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1905
13. Abstracts, September 1905
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1905
15. Abstracts, October 1905
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1905
box folder
022-48 1. Abstracts, November 1905
box folder
022-48 2. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1905
box folder
022-48 3. Abstracts, December 1905
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1905
5. Abstracts, January 1906
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1906
7. Abstracts, February 1906
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1906
9. Abstracts, March 1906
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1906
11. Abstracts, April 1906
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1906
13. Abstracts, May 1906
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1906
15. Abstracts, June 1906
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1906
box folder
022-49 1. Abstracts, July 1906
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1906
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1906
4. Abstracts, September 1906
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1906
6. Abstracts, October 1906
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1906
8. Abstracts, November 1906
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1906
10. Abstracts, December 1906
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1906
12. Abstracts, January 1907
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1907
14. Abstracts, February 1907
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1907
box folder
022-50 1. Abstracts, March 1907
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1907
3. Abstracts, April 1907
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1907
5. Abstracts, May 1907
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1907
7. Abstracts, June 1907
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1907
9. Abstracts, July 1907
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1907
11. Abstracts, August 1907
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1907
13. Abstracts, September 1907
14. Supporting documents, September 1907
box folder
022-51 1-2. Abstracts, October 1907
3. Supporting documents, October 1907
4. Abstracts, November 1907
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1907
6. Abstracts, December 1907
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1907
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1908
9. Abstracts, February 1908
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1908
11. Abstracts, March 1908
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1908
13. Abstracts, April 1908
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1908
15. Abstracts, May 1908
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1908
box folder
022-52 1. Abstracts, June 1908
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1908
3. Abstracts, July 1908
4. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1908
5. Abstracts, August 1908
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1908
7. Abstracts, September 1908
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1908
9. Abstracts, October 1908
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1908
11. Abstracts, November 1908
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1908
13. Abstracts, December 1908
14. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1908
15. Abstracts, January 1909
16. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1909
17. Abstracts, February 1909
18. Abstracts and supporting documents, February 1909
19. Abstracts, March 1909
box folder
022-53 1. Abstracts, April 1909
2. Abstracts and supporting documents, April 1909
3. Abstracts, May 1909
4. Abstracts, June 1909
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1909
6. Abstracts, July 1909
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1909
8. Abstracts, August 1909
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1909
10. Abstracts, September 1909
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, September 1909
12. Abstracts, October 1909
13. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1909
14. Abstracts, November 1909
15. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1909
16. Abstracts, December 1909
17. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1909
box folder
022-54 1. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1910
2. Supporting documents, February 1910
3. Abstracts and supporting documents, March 1910
4. Supporting documents, April 1910
5. Abstracts and supporting documents, May 1910
6. Abstracts and supporting documents, June 1910
7. Abstracts and supporting documents, July 1910
8. Abstracts and supporting documents, August 1910
9. Abstracts and supporting documents, October 1910
10. Abstracts and supporting documents, November 1910
11. Abstracts and supporting documents, December 1910
12. Abstracts and supporting documents, January 1911
Inventories, 1864-1899,
1.41 cubic ft.
These records consist of inventories, monthly and quarterly returns of property, lists of articles between outgoing and incoming superintendents, and between the superintendent and financial agent, dating 1864-1899. A few transfers of articles, mid to late 1860s, are part of a series of abstracts and remain filed with the abstracts.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Inventories, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-55 1. December 1864 - February 1865
2. February 1867
3-4. February 1869
5. February - April 1869
6. May - July 1869
7. June 1869
8. July 1869
9. August 1869
10. September 1869
11. October - December 1869
12. November - December 1869
13-14. November 1869
15. January - March 1870
16. April - June 1870
17. July - August 1870
18. July 1870
19. August 1870
20-21. September - November 1870
22-23. December 1870 - March 3, 1871
box folder
022-56 1. March - May 1871
2. June - August 1871
3-7. July 1877
8-11. January 1878
12-17. March 1878
box folder
022-57 1-6. February 1883
7-8. May 1883
9-16. September 1899
17. October 1899
18. November 1899
19. February 1907
Payrolls, 1861-1910 (bulk 1883-1910),
44.18 cubic ft.
These records are monthly payrolls of the two prisons, state and share farms, and all contracted outlying forces, dating 1861-1910, the bulk dating 1883-1910. Some early payrolls, 1848-1850 and mid 1860s, are part of a series of abstracts and remain filed with the series Abstracts and supporting documents. Also present are payroll vouchers, covering late 1861-1868, 1881-1882, when no payrolls exist.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically by year, then month. Huntsville and Rusk payrolls are filed first, with other forces following, arranged by voucher number. These numbers refer back to the abstracts.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Payrolls, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-58 1. Payrolls, 1861-1862
Payroll vouchers:
2. October 1861 (?), May 1862
3. June - September 1862
4. October - December 1862
5. March 1863
6. March - June 1863
7. June - September 1863
8. September - December 1863
9. December 1863
10. February - March 1864
11. March - May 1864
12. June 1864
13. June - August 1864
14. September 1864
15. October - December 1864
16. 1865
17. 1866-1868
Payrolls:
18. 1868; February - April 1869
19. July - September 1869
20. November - December 1869
21. May - August 1870
22. January - April 1870
23. September - December 1870
24. 1871
Payroll vouchers:
25. January - March 1878
26. April - May 1878
27. June - July 1878
28. August - September 1878
29. October - December 1878
30. January - February 1879
31. March - April 1879
box folder
022-59 1. May - June 1879
2. July - August 1879
3. September - October 1879
4. November - December 1879
5. January - March 1880
6. April - June 1880
7. July - September 1880
8. October - December 1880
9. March - June 1881
10. July - December 1881
11. January - March 1882
12. April - June 1882
13. July - September 1882
14. October - December 1882
Payrolls:
15-16. May 1883
17-20. June 1883
21-25. July 1883
26-28. August 1883
box folder
022-60 1-4. September 1883
5-8. October 1883
9-11. November 1883
12-15. December 1883
16-18. January 1884
box folder
022-61 1-4. February 1884
5-7. March 1884
8-11. April 1884
12-14. May 1884
15-16. June 1884
box folder
022-62 1-2. June 1884
3-7. July 1884
8-12. August 1884
13-15. September 1884
box folder
022-63 1-3. September 1884
4-5. October 1884
6-8. November 1884
9-12. December 1884
13-16. January 1885
box folder
022-64 1-2. February 1885
3-4. March 1885
5-9. April 1885
10-11. May 1885
12-16. June 1885
box folder
022-65 1-5. August 1885
6-9. September 1885
10-12. November 1885
13-15. December 1885
16-18. January 1886
box folder
022-66 1-3. February 1886
4. March 1886
5-8. May 1886
9-11. June 1886
12-14. July 1886
15-17. August 1886
box folder
022-67 1-4. September 1886
5-8. October 1886
9-12. November 1886
13-15. December 1886
box folder
022-68 1-5. January 1887
6-10. February 1887
11-15. March 1887
16-20. April 1887
box folder
022-69 1-5. May 1887
6-9. June 1887
10-13. July 1887
14-17. August 1887
box folder
022-70 1-4. September 1887
5-8. October 1887
9-12. November 1887
13-16. December 1887
box folder
022-71 1-4. January 1888
5-8. February 1888
9-12. March 1888
13-16. April 1888
17-20. May 1888
box folder
022-72 1-4. June 1888
5-8. July 1888
9-12. August 1888
13-16. September 1888
17-21. October 1888
box folder
022-73 1-4. November 1888
5-8. December 1888
9-12. January 1889
13-15. February 1889
box folder
022-74 1-4. March 1889
5-8. April 1889
9-12. May 1889
13-16. June 1889
box folder
022-75 1-4. July 1889
5-8. August 1889
9-12. September 1889
13-17. October 1889
box folder
022-76 1-4. November 1889
5-8. December 1889
9-12. January 1890
13-16. February 1890
box folder
022-77 1-4. March 1890
5-8. April 1890
9-12. May 1890
13-16. June 1890
box folder
022-78 1-4. July 1890
5-8. August 1890
9-12. September 1890
13-16. October 1890
17-20. November 1890
box folder
022-79 1-4. December 1890
5-8. January 1891
9-12. February 1891
13-16. March 1891
17-20. April 1891
box folder
022-80 1-4. May 1891
5-8. June 1891
9-12. July 1891
13-16. August 1891
17-20. September 1891
box folder
022-81 1-4. October 1891
5-8. November 1891
9-12. December 1891
13-16. January 1892
17-20. February 1892
box folder
022-82 1-4. March 1892
5-8. April 1892
9-12. May 1892
13-16. June 1892
17-20. July 1892
box folder
022-83 1-4. August 1892
5-8. September 1892
9-12. October 1892
13-16. November 1892
17-20. December 1892
box folder
022-84 1-4. January 1893
5-8. February 1893
9-12. March 1893
13-16. April 1893
17-20. May 1893
box folder
022-85 1-4. June 1893
5-8. July 1893
9-12. August 1893
13-16. October 1893
17-20. November 1893
box folder
022-86 1-5. December 1893
6-10. January 1894
11-15. February 1894
16-20. March 1894
21-23. April 1894
box folder
022-87 1-2. April 1894
3-7. May 1894
8-12. June 1894
13-17. July 1894
18-20. August 1894
box folder
022-88 1-2. August 1894
3-7. September 1894
8-12. October 1894
13-17. November 1894
18-22. December 1894
box folder
022-89 1-5. January 1895
6-10. February 1895
11-14. March 1895
box folder
022-90 1-5. April 1895
6-11. May 1895
12-17. June 1895
box folder
022-91 1-6. July 1895
7-12. August 1895
13-18. September 1895
box folder
022-92 1-5. October 1895
6-11. November 1895
12-17. December 1895
box folder
022-93 1-6. January 1896
7-12. February 1896
13-15. March 1896
box folder
022-94 1-3. March 1896
4-8. April 1896
9-15. May 1896
box folder
022-95 1-7. June 1896
8-14. July 1896
15-18. August 1896
box folder
022-96 1-3. August 1896
4-10. September 1896
11-16. October 1896
17-20. November 1896
box folder
022-97 1-3. November 1896
4-10. December 1896
11-17. January 1897
box folder
022-98 1-6. February 1897
7-13. March 1897
14-19. April 1897
box folder
022-99 1-7. June 1897
8-12. July 1897
13-19. August 1897
box folder
022-100 1-7. September 1897
8-14. October 1897
15-18. November 1897
box folder
022-101 1-3. November 1897
4-10. December 1897
11-17. January 1898
box folder
022-102 1-7. February 1898
8-14. March 1898
15-17. April 1898
box folder
022-103 1-4. April 1898
5-11. May 1898
12-18. June 1898
box folder
022-104 1-7. July 1898
8-14. August 1898
15-21. September 1898
box folder
022-105 1-7. October 1898
8-14. November 1898
15-18. December 1898
box folder
022-106 1-3. December 1898
4-9. January 1899
10-15. February 1899
box folder
022-107 1-6. March 1899
7-12. April 1899
13-18. May 1899
box folder
022-108 1-6. June 1899
7-12. July 1899
13-18. August 1899
box folder
022-109 1-6. November 1899
7-12. December 1899
13-18. January 1900
box folder
022-110 1-6. February 1900
7-12. March 1900
13-19. April 1900
box folder
022-111 1-7. May 1900
8-14. June 1900
15-19. July 1900
box folder
022-112 1-6. August 1900
7-9. September 1900
10-15. October 1900
16-18. November 1900
box folder
022-113 1-4. November 1900
5-10. December 1900
11-16. January 1901
box folder
022-114 1-6. February 1901
7-12. March 1901
13-18. April 1901
box folder
022-115 1-6. May 1901
7-12. June 1901
13-18. July 1901
box folder
022-116 1-7. August 1901
8-14. September 1901
16-20. October 1901
box folder
022-117 1-4. November 1901
5-10. December 1901
11-16. January 1902
box folder
022-118 1-6. February 1902
7-12. March 1902
13-18. April 1902
box folder
022-119 1-6. May 1902
7-12. June 1902
13-18. July 1902
box folder
022-120 1-6. August 1902
7-12. September 1902
13-18. October 1902
box folder
022-121 1-6. November 1902
7-12. December 1902
13-18. January 1903
box folder
022-122 1-5. January 1903
6-11. February 1903
12-17. March 1903
box folder
022-123 1-6. April 1903
7-12. May 1903
13-18. June 1903
box folder
022-124 1-6. July 1903
7-12. August 1903
13-18. September 1903
box folder
022-125 1-6. October 1903
7-12. November 1903
13-18. December 1903
box folder
022-126 1-6. January 1904
7-12. February 1904
13-17. March 1904
box folder
022-127 1-5. April 1904
6-11. May 1904
12-16. June 1904
box folder
022-128 1-5. July 1904
6-11. August 1904
12-17. September 1904
box folder
022-129 1-6. October 1904
7-11. November 1904
12-16. December 1904
box folder
022-130 1-5. January 1905
6-10. February 1905
11-15. March 1905
box folder
022-131 1-5. April 1905
6-10. May 1905
11-15. June 1905
box folder
022-132 1-5. July 1905
6-10. August 1905
11-15. September 1905
box folder
022-133 1-5. October 1905
6-10. November 1905
11-15. December 1905
box folder
022-134 1-5. January 1906
6-10. February 1906
11-15. March 1906
box folder
022-135 1-5. April 1906
6-10. May 1906
11-15. June 1906
box folder
022-136 1-5. July 1906
6-10. August 1906
11-15. September 1906
box folder
022-137 1-5. October 1906
6-10. November 1906
11-15. December 1906
box folder
022-138 1-5. January 1907
6-10. February 1907
11-15. March 1907
box folder
022-139 1-5. April 1907
6-10. May 1907
11-15. June 1907
16-17. July 1907
box folder
022-140 1-3. July 1907
4-8. August 1907
9-12. September 1907
13-14. October 1907
box folder
022-141 1-3. October 1907
4-7. November 1907
8-11. December 1907
12-16. January 1908
box folder
022-142 1-5. February 1908
6-10. March 1908
11-15. April 1908
box folder
022-143 1-5. May 1908
6-10. June 1908
11-15. July 1908
box folder
022-144 1-5. August 1908
6-10. September 1908
11-15. October 1908
box folder
022-145 1-5. November 1908
6-9. December 1908
10-14. January 1909
box folder
022-146 1-5. February 1909
6-10. March 1909
11. April 1909
12-16. May 1909
box folder
022-147 1-5. June 1909
6-10. July 1909
11-15. August 1909
box folder
022-148 1-5. September 1909
6-10. October 1909
11-15. November 1909
box folder
022-149 1-5. January 1910
6-10. February 1910
11-15. March 1910
16-20. April 1910
box folder
022-150 1-5. May 1910
6-10. June 1910
11-15. July 1910
16. August 1910
17-18. September 1910
box folder
022-151 1-3. September 1910
4-8. October 1910
9-14. November 1910
15-19. December 1910
Transportation vouchers, 1861-1910 (bulk 1891-1910),
3.76 cubic ft.
These are vouchers for the cost of conveying prisoners from the county jails to the state penitentiaries, dating 1861-1910, the bulk dating 1891-1910. County sheriffs and/or their deputies were responsible for transferring convicts through the 1870s. The sheriff and guards accompanying him were each paid a mileage rate. The vouchers for this period usually list the convict's name, county, mileage, and amount due. Some vouchers from the late 1860s to the early 1870s are accompanied by a copy of the judgement of conviction, or a statement from the judge authorizing a number of guards to assist in the transfer. In the late 1870s the vouchers also provide the convict's offense and term of imprisonment. In July 1879, the legislature changed the transportation system. Convicts were transported to the prisons by contracted agents at a set per capita rate which was much lower than what the old system averaged ($39 vs. an average of $77.18). In May 1891, the method was again changed. The convicts were conveyed by contractors on state account, as opposed to a set per capita rate.
These vouchers include the convict's name, county, and in the 1891 and later vouchers, a list of expenses incurred. From 1900-1910, the convict's name is often omitted from the voucher, and the number of convicts picked up in each county is instead given. No records exist for the years 1882-1890.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Transportation vouchers, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Transportation vouchers
box folder
022-152 1. 1861
2. 1862
3. 1863
4. 1864
5. 1865
6-8. 1866
9-10. 1867
11. 1868
12-15. 1869
16-18. 1870
19-22. 1871
23-24. 1872
25. 1874
26-27. 1875
28. 1876
29. 1877
30. 1878
31. 1879
box folder
022-153 1-4. 1880
5-6. 1881
7-10. 1891
11-16. 1892
17-21. 1893
box folder
022-154 1-5. 1894
6-10. 1895
11-14. 1896
15-19. 1897
box folder
022-155 1-6. 1898
7-13. 1899
box folder
022-156 1-6. 1900
7-11. 1901
12-15. 1902
box folder
022-157 1-5. 1904
6-9. 1904
10-13. 1905
box folder
022-158 1-4. 1906
6-10. 1907
11-13. 1908
box folder
022-159 1-3. 1908
4-7. 1909
8-9. 1910
Discharge vouchers, 1861-1911 (bulk 1884-1910),
5.64 cubic ft.
These are discharge vouchers, dating 1861-1911, the bulk are 1884-1910. No vouchers are present from 1872 to 1882, or for 1903. When convicts were discharged, they were issued a small amount of cash, a set of civilian clothes if needed, and fare for transportation to their place of conviction. These vouchers give the convict's name, the amount issued, and beginning in the 1890s, the destination of the convict after discharge. In most of these latter cases, the location of the prisoner at the time of his discharge (camp, main prison, etc.) is also given. Some vouchers will indicate the reason for discharge--expiration of sentence, parole, pardon.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Discharge vouchers, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Discharge vouchers
box folder
022-160 1. 1861
2. 1862
3. 1863
4-5. 1864
6-7. 1865
8. 1866
9. 1867
10-11. 1868
12-14. 1869
15-17. 1870
18-19. 1871
20-24. 1883
25-28. 1884
box folder
022-161 1-6. 1884
7-15. 1885
16-24. 1886
25-39. 1887
40-43. 1888
box folder
022-162 1-9. 1888
10-23. 1889
24-37. 1890
box folder
022-163 1-8. 1890
9-28. 1891
29-46. 1892
47-50. 1893
box folder
022-164 1-12. 1893
13-28. 1894
29-40. 1895
box folder
022-165 1-5. 1895
6-28. 1896
29-42. 1897
box folder
022-166 1-11. 1897
12-34. 1898
35-41. 1899
box folder
022-167 1-14. 1899
15-35. 1900
36-44. 1901
box folder
022-168 1-18. 1901
19-41. 1902
42-44. 1904
box folder
022-169 1-17. 1904
18-38. 1904
39-45. 1905
box folder
022-170 1-12. 1905
13-31. 1906
32-48. 1907
box folder
022-171 1-17. 1908
18-32. 1909
33-48. 1910
49. 1911
Other records, 1849-1903, undated
0.91 cubic ft.
These records consist of claims against the penitentiary, powers of attorney regarding financial matters, certificates of credit, payrolls for convict overtime work (beginning in the 1880s, convicts were sometimes allowed to work nights and Sundays for wages), estimates for appropriations or building projects, Comptroller's instructions to the financial agent, samples of forms used in the 1860s, an account ledger and daily journal from 1869-1870, and an affidavit documenting the murder of a payroll guard. Dates covered are 1849-1903 and undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record and then chronologically within each record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other records, Financial records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-172 1. Blank forms, abstracts, 1860s
2. Blank forms, abstracts, ca. 1860s
3. Inventories and quarterly returns, 1860s
4. Vouchers to abstracts, ca. 1860s
5. Certificates of credit, 1849-1850
Claims:
6. 1862-1869
7. 1867-1885
8. 1871-1872
9. 1876-1877
10. 1878
11-13. 1879
14. Comptroller's instructions to financial agent, 1864
15. Convict overtime work, 1889-1890
16. Convict overtime work, 1891-1903
Estimates:
17. undated
18. 1849
19. 1869-1870
20. 1871
21-22. 1877
23. 1878
24. 1879
25. ca. 1880-1889
26. Payroll guard shooting documentation, 1890
27. Powers of attorney, 1869, undated
box
022-173 Ledger, 1869-1870
box
022-174 Journal, 1869-1870

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Legal documents, 1848-1913, undated,
1.06 cubic ft.

These are legal materials concerning the state penitentiaries and consist of contracts and agreements, deeds and abstracts of title, bonds and oaths, offers and proposals relating to land purchases, and an affidavit relative to the appointment of the East Texas Penitentiary Commissioners. Records are dated 1848-1913 and undated. At one point, most of these materials were part of the Secretary of State records.
Organization of the Records
These records are organized into five subseries:
Contracts and agreements, 1866-1913 (bulk 1877-1883), 0.32 cubic ft.
Deeds and abstracts, 1848-1878, 0.18 cubic ft.
Bonds and oaths, 1861-1888, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Offers and proposals, 1870-1899, undated, 0.36 cubic ft.
Other legal documents, 1875, fractional
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Rusk State Penitentiary--Design and construction.
Texas State Penitentiary--Officials and employees.
Texas State Penitentiary--Officials and employees--Bonding.
Texas Prison System--Officials and employees.
Texas Prison System--Officials and employees--Bonding.
Subjects:
Prisons--Texas--Officials and employees.
Correctional personnel--Texas.
Document Types:
Legal documents--Texas--Prisons--1848-1913.
Deeds--Texas--Prisons--1848-1878.
Abstracts--Texas--Prisons--1848-1878.
Proposals--Texas--Prisons--1870-1899.
Maps--Texas--Prisons--1870-1899.
Contracts--Texas--Prisons--1866-1913.
Agreements--Texas--Prisons--1866-1913.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
In addition to the records listed , portions of many 19th and early 20th century governors' records concern the prison system and related matters. Search governors' finding aids for prisons, prison system, penitentiary, pardons, clemency, or other similar terms.
Texas Secretary of State, Statutory Filings Division, Statutory Documents Section, Deeds, abstracts, and deeds of cession of jurisdiction, 1848-1978, 9.12 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State, Bonds and oaths, 1835-1920, 68.04 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Records, 1849-2001, 165.95 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Contracts and agreements, 1866-1913 (bulk 1877-1883),
0.32 cubic ft.
These materials consist of contracts and agreements, dating 1866-1913, the bulk dating 1877-1883. The records concern the construction of Rusk, improvements to Huntsville, leasing of the state penitentiaries and state farms, hiring of convict labor, conveying convicts to the penitentiary, supplying provisions, and agreements pertaining to financial transactions. Some contracts may include bonds, or, in the case of construction contracts, specifications. The most significant materials relate to the construction of Rusk and leasing of the penitentiaries.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Contracts and agreements, Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-175 1. Agreement, November 1866
2. Contract, December 1866
3. Agreement, July 1868
4. Agreement, September 1868
5. Contract, leasing Huntsville, 1871
6. Rusk construction, January 1877
7. Rusk construction, March-April 1877
8. Agreement, January 1878
9. Agreement, June 1879
10-11. Contracts, June 1879
12. Contract and specifications, Rusk construction, August 1879
13. Agreement, September 1879
14. Contract and specifications, Rusk construction, December 1879
Contract:
15. Contract, blank, 1880s
16-17. January 1880
18. Rusk construction, January 1880
19. April 1880
20. December 1880
21. January 1881
22. June 1881
23. Contract and specifications, October 1881
24. Contract, January 1882
25. Contract, for lease of Huntsville, 1883
26. Contract, for lease of Rusk, 1883
Contract:
27. April 1889
28. August 1893
29. December 1908
30. 1912-1913
Deeds and abstracts, 1848-1878,
0.18 cubic ft.
These materials consist of deeds and abstracts of title, dating 1848-1878. Deeded are lands on which both state penitentiaries were erected, rights of way, and rock and timber privileges. Deeds to a few state farms can be found in the Secretary of State records, Statuatory Documents series, housed in the State Archives.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Deeds and abstracts, Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-175 31-32. Deeds, July 1848
33. Deeds, March 1856
Deed:
34. May 1856
35. July 1856
36. November 1856
37. May 1859
38. Deeds and abstracts of title, April 1877 and February 1878
39. Deeds, September 1877
40. Abstract of title, October 1877
41. Deeds, October - November 1877
42. Deed and abstract of title, December 1877
43. Deeds, January 1878
44-46. Deeds and abstracts of title, January 1878
47. Deed, January 1878
box
022-176 Deeds and abstracts of title:
1. January-February 1878
2. January 1878
3-5. February 1878
6. Abstracts of title, February 1878
7. Abstract of title, March 1878
8. Abstract of title, July 1878
Bonds and oaths, 1861-1888, undated,
0.2 cubic ft.
These materials consist of bonds and oaths of office of penitentiary officials, lessees, contractors, and others, dating 1861-1888 and undated. Also present is a list of bonded lands for sites of the East Texas Penitentiary. Some contractors' bonds were incorporated as part of a contract. These are with the contracts in the Contracts subseries. Additional materials may be found in the Secretary of State records, Bonds and oaths series.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Bonds and oaths, Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-176 9. T.O. Bailes and L. Carlisle, bond, 1882
10. Tom M. Bowers, bond, 1887
11. Haywood Brahan, bond and oath, 1883
12. Thomas Carothers, oath, 1861
13. Edward H. Cunningham, et al., bond, 1877
14. Edward H. Cunningham and L.A. Ellis, bonds, 1879, 1883
15. Thomas Goree, bonds and oaths, 1883, 1885, 1887
16. S.B. Hendricks, bond, undated
17. Henry Kammacher and Rush S. Denig, bond, 1877
18. J.R. Mobley, bond, 1884
19. W.G. Parish, bond and oath, 1887
20. W.T. Robinson and S.R. Smith, bond, 1878
21. D.M. Short, oath, 1883
22. M.T. Slaughter and A.J. Cadenhead, bond, 1881
23. James G. Smither, oath, 1888
24. B.W. Walker, R.W. Robinson, and J.S. Roe (Directors), oath, 1861
25. A.J. Ward, E.C. Dewey, and Nathan Patten, bond, 1873, undated
26. List of bonds for titles to land for East Texas Penitentiary, 1877
Offers and proposals, 1870-1899, undated,
0.36 cubic ft.
These materials consist of offers and proposals regarding leasing the state penitentiaries, and sale of land for either a branch penitentiary (Rusk), land adjacent to Rusk, or for state farms. Dates covered are 1870-1899 and undated. Some offers may include maps or plats of the land in question, and correspondence. Some of the maps in the Blueprints and maps series may have accompanied some of these documents. Propositions for repairs or additions to existing structures are filed with the estimates in the series Financial Records, Other records subseries.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by subject, then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Offers and proposals, Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-176 27. Offers and proposals, synopsis of proposition to lease penitentiaries, undated
Offers and proposals, to lease penitentiaries:
28. March 1876
29. January 1877
30-37. December 1877
38. September 1882
Offers and proposals, land for branch penitentiary:
39. undated (1870s?)
40. 1870-1871
41. 1871
42. Offers and proposals, land for use by Rusk Penitentiary, 1877-1881
Offers and proposals, land for state farms:
43. undated
44-45. 1892-1893
46. January 1893
47. May 1893
48. June 1893
49. June - August 1893
50. December 1893
box
022-177 Offers and proposals, land for state farms:
1. 1898
2. September - October 1898
3. June - July 1899
4. August 1899
Other legal documents, 1875,
fractional
This series consists of a single affidavit from 1875.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other legal documents, Legal documents, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-177 5. Affidavit, 1875

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Blueprints and maps, 1848-1912, undated,
1.91 cubic ft.

These consist of drawings, specifications, blueprints, and maps dating 1848-1912, and undated. The maps are largely property plats, probably accompanying offers and proposals of land for state farms. The other records concern the construction of the penitentiaries. Included are an original floor plan for Huntsville, original drawings and specifications for the construction of Rusk, drawings and blueprints for additions to Huntsville, and specifications for a sugar mill on a state farm. Specifications which accompanied contracts remain in the series Legal Documents, Contracts and agreements subseries. See also the Engineer's Report, 1908, on Rusk, for additional blueprints and maps associated with Rusk Penitentiary. This is filed in the Reports series, in the subseries Special subject reports, Other reports. Many of the drawings are badly damaged. Reduced photostats of some of these drawings are available. Blueprints for Texas State Railroad cars are in the series Texas State Railroad records.
Arrangement
Blueprints/drawings are arranged by location of construction; maps are foldered by location and/or date.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Huntsville Penitentiary--Design and construction.
Rusk State Penitentiary--Design and construction.
Subjects:
Prisons--Texas--Design and contruction.
Iron industry and trade--Texas--Rusk.
Document Types:
Blueprints--Texas--Prisons--1848-1912.
Specifications--Texas--Prisons--1848-1912.
Maps--Texas--Prisons--c. 1870-1912.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Blueprints and maps, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
022-177 Huntsville Penitentiary:
6. Floor plan, 1848
7. Drawings and estimates for additions, 1879
8. Specifications for additions, 1880
map-case folder
Penitentiary Drawer 2. Plan of compound, blueprint, undated
box folder
022-181 8. Unidentified drawings of drains, etc., undated
box
022-177 Rusk Penitentiary:
9. Specifications, 1877
10. List of drawings received from contractor, 1877
box folder
022-181 9. Reduced photostats of original drawings, nos. 1-3, 5, and 6
map-case
Penitentiary Drawer Original drawings:
map-case folder
Penitentiary Drawer 2. Nos. 1-2
3. Nos. 3-5
4. Nos. 6-8
5. Nos. 9-11
6. No. 12, and detail on stone work in walls
box folder
022-177 11. State sugar mill, specifications, 1902
box folder
022-181 10. [Plat of lands east of the Brazos River, near Boliver], undated
[manuscript]
10. Davis Lands East of [Brazos] River, plat, undated
[ manuscript]
10. [Plat of lands in Wm. Bartee League, county unknown], undated
[manuscript]
11. [Plat of land, in the vicinity and including the East Texas Penitentiary site], late 1870s-1880s
11. [Plat of land, presumably in and around one of the penitentiaries, probably the East Texas Penitentiary], late 1870s-1880s?
map-case folder
Penitentiary Drawer 7. [Plat of land in the vicinity and including the East Texas Penitentiary site], late 1870s-1880s
map-case folder
Penitentiary Drawer 7. Map of Liberty County, Texas, 1895
[blueprint]
7. Map of the John & Sterling McNeel Leagues, Brazoria County, Texas, 1898
[blueprint]
7. Survey of the Furnace Property at Rusk, Cherokee County, Texas, 1912
[two copies, manuscript and blueprint, both containing added features.]
7. Map of Texas Showing Location of State Prison Farms, undated
[blueline, with ink drawings added]

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Texas State Railroad records, 1909-1921, undated,
0.58 cubic ft.

These materials consist of correspondence, largely concerning the final disposition of the railroad; agreements; claims; bonds of railroad employees; blueprints of railroad cars; a bill of lading certificate book; a receipt book; and a letter press book documenting routine railroad transactions. Dates covered are 1909-1921 and undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Railroad.
Subjects:
Railroads and state--Texas.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Railroads and state--1915, 1921.
Agreements--Texas--Railroads and state--1917-1918.
Claims--Texas--Railroads and state--1916-1918.
Bonds (legal records)--Texas--Railroads and state--1912.
Blueprints--Texas--Railroads and state--1909-1910.
Letterpress copybooks--Texas--Railroads and state--1909-1913.
Functions:
Managing railroads.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Railroad Commission of Texas, Annual reports of railroad companies, 1859-1867, 1873-1885, 1890-1996, 380.24 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Texas State Railroad records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box folder
022-177 12. Correspondence, 1915, 1921
13. Agreements, 1917
14. Agreements, 1918
15. Bonds of employees, 1912
16. Claims, 1916-1918
17. Claims, 1917
18. Bill of lading certificate book, 1916
19. Freight receipt book, 1909-1918
20. Cash fare receipt book, blank, undated
box folder
022-178 Letter press book, containing copies of several types of transactions, 1909-1913
box folder
022-182 Blueprints of Texas State Railroad cars, 11 sheets, 1909-1910

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Miscellaneous records, 1862-1916, undated,
0.79 cubic ft.

These materials consist of several sets of rules and bylaws, various lists of convicts--which may have been part of a report, a list of employees in the 1860s, copies of documents pertaining to the Burnett and Kilpatrick lease, internal memos, volumes with convict data, and a ledger pertaining to the iron industry at Rusk. The records pertain to the state penitentiary system and the sucessor, the Texas Prison System. Dates covered are 1862-1916 and undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type, then chronologically.
Index Terms
The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Penitentiary--Rules and practice.
Texas Prison System--Rules and practice.
Subjects:
Iron industry and trade--Texas.
Prisoners--Texas--Transfer.
Document Types:
Memorandums--Texas--Prisons--1865-1880.
Lists--Texas--Prisoners--c. 1898-1916.
Lists--Texas--Prisoners--1869-1870.
Bylaws--Texas--Prisons--1875-1888.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Miscellaneous records, Records relating to the Penitentiary. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
box
032-178 Rules and bylaws:
1. notes, undated
2. undated
3. July 1875
4. July 1875
[printed]
5. 1877
[printed]
6. circular regarding convict conditions in outside camps, 1880
7. 1883
[printed]
8. 1888
[printed]
box folder
022-178 9. List of convicts discharged, pardoned, escaped, and died, November 1869-November 1870
10. List of employees in 1862
11. Copies of documents re: the Burnett & Kilpatrick lease, 1877-1878
12. Draft of letter, mid 1860s
Memoranda:
13. Regarding size of guard force, 1865
14. Draft of policy concerning leasing the penitentiary, 1868
15. Re: application for position as inspector, 1871
16. Re: lease of penitentiary, ca. 1874-76
17. Re: transporting convicts to the penitentiary, undated, 1874-1880
18. Re: contractors for Rusk construction, early 1880s
19. Re: Rusk transportation company, undated
Volumes, ledgers and journals
box
022-178 Special Journal, July 1898-February 1900
Gives (presumably) the convict's name, another name--probably next of kin, and a locality, probably a place of residence. Entries are chronological, by month, and most entries are associated with Rusk or Camp Rice.
box
022-179 [Volume], 1906
Front of volume provides a description and other information about individual convicts, their residence, and date received. Remainder of volume contains statistical compilations.
Iron industry, Furnace Stock Report, 1906-1907
[ledger]
box
022-180 List of convicts and paroles, 1911-1916
[volume]
This lists the convict's name, date paroled, and where paroled to.

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